Publisher: Cambridge University Press   (Total: 387 journals)

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Showing 201 - 387 of 387 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Child Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.035, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chinese History / 中國歷史學刊     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Classics Teaching     Open Access  
J. of Clinical and Translational Science     Open Access  
J. of Dairy Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Demographic Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of East Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Ecclesiastical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.82, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Experimental Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 2.526, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial and Quantitative Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54, SJR: 3.636, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
J. of French Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Functional Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Germanic Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Global History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hellenic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.553, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.949, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Institutional Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 2)
J. of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Laryngology & Otology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.495, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Latin American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Law and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Linguistic Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Management & Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 353, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Modern African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.606, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272, SJR: 0.493, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.984, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Paleontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.882, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pension Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.931, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.441, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Psychiatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Radiotherapy in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Roman Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Roman Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Smoking Cessation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 1.063, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Southeast Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Symbolic Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.057, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the American Philosophical Association     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.857, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the History of Economic Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.393, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Intl. Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 1.408, CiteScore: 3)
J. of the Intl. Phonetic Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Marine Biological Association of the UK     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Royal Asiatic Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Society for American Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Tropical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Tropical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Wine Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Japanese J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.372, CiteScore: 1)
Kantian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Knowledge Engineering Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 2)
Language and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Language in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.466, CiteScore: 2)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 1.233, CiteScore: 2)
Language Variation and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 1)
Laser and Particle Beams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Law and History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Legal Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Legal Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.484, CiteScore: 1)
Leiden J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Libyan Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
LMS J. of Computation and Mathematics     Free   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 1)
Macroeconomic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.169, CiteScore: 1)
Management and Organization Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.086, CiteScore: 1)
Mathematical Structures in Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Medical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Microscopy and Microanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.397, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Intellectual History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
MRS Communications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.443, CiteScore: 3)
MRS Energy & Sustainability - A Review J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nagoya Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.892, CiteScore: 1)
Natural Language Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.264, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands Yearbook of Intl. Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Neuron Glia Biology     Hybrid Journal  
New Perspectives on Turkey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
New Surveys in the Classics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Testament Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 0)
New Theatre Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Nineteenth-Century Music Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Nordic J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Numerical Mathematics : Theory, Methods and Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Nurse Prescriber     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.756, CiteScore: 5)
Organised Sound     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 0)
Oryx     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.981, CiteScore: 2)
Paleobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.563, CiteScore: 3)
Palliative & Supportive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
Papers of the British School at Rome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.194, CiteScore: 2)
Parasitology Open     Open Access  
Personality Neuroscience     Open Access  
Perspectives on Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.075, CiteScore: 2)
Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.331, CiteScore: 0)
Phonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Plainsong and Medieval Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Plant Genetic Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 1)
Political Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62, SJR: 4.531, CiteScore: 3)
Political Science Research and Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Politics & Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.861, CiteScore: 1)
Politics and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.541, CiteScore: 1)
Popular Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Powder Diffraction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.462, CiteScore: 1)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.406, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Intl. Astronomical Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.373, CiteScore: 4)
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 1)
Progress in Neurotherapeutics and Neuropsychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
PS: Political Science & Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.665, CiteScore: 1)
Psychological Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 3.274, CiteScore: 5)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.122, CiteScore: 2)
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 2)
Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 3.282, CiteScore: 6)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.216, CiteScore: 2)
Queensland Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.959, CiteScore: 2)
Ramus : Critical Studies in Greek and Roman Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
ReCALL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.813, CiteScore: 3)
Religious Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.593, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Intl. Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.63, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Middle East Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.049, CiteScore: 1)
Reviews in Clinical Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Historia Económica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Internacional de la Cruz Roja     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Robotica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Science in Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Scottish J. of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.95, CiteScore: 2)
Slavic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.253, CiteScore: 1)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Social Science History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Spanish J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Studies in American Political Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Studies in Church History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studies in Second Language Acquisition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.516, CiteScore: 2)
Tempo     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Thalamus & Related Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
The Americas : A Quarterly Review of Latin American History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
The Lichenologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.113, CiteScore: 2)
The Mathematical Gazette     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Theatre Research Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Theatre Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Theory and Practice of Logic Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 2)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
TRaNS : Trans-Regional-and-National Studies of Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Transactions of the Royal Historical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 0)
Transnational Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Twentieth-century music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.453, CiteScore: 1)
Twin Research and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 1)
Urban History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.358, CiteScore: 0)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.712, CiteScore: 0)
Victorian Literature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Visual Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 2)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227, SJR: 6.544, CiteScore: 4)
World Trade Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
World's Poultry Science J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.559, CiteScore: 1)
Yearbook of Intl. Humanitarian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Zygote     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Public Health Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.122
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 26  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1368-9800 - ISSN (Online) 1475-2727
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [387 journals]
  • PHN volume 23 issue 15 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020003183
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • PHN volume 23 issue 15 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020003195
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Ultra-processed food and beverage advertising on Brazilian television by
           International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-Communicable Diseases
           Research, Monitoring and Action Support benchmark
    • Authors: Julia Soares Guimarães; Laís Amaral Mais, Fernanda Helena Marrocos Leite, Paula Martins Horta, Marina Oliveira Santana, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Rafael Moreira Claro
      Pages: 2657 - 2662
      Abstract: Objective:To analyse the extent and nature of food and beverage advertising on the three major Brazilian free-to-air television (TV) channels.Design:Cross-sectional study. A protocol developed for the International Network for Food and Obesity/Non-Communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support was applied for data collection. A total of 432 h of TV programming was recorded from 06.00 to 24.00 hours, for eight non-consecutive and randomly selected days, in April 2018. All TV advertisements (ads) were analysed, and food-related ads were classified according to the NOVA classification system. Descriptive analyses were used to describe the number and type of ads, food categories and the distribution of ads throughout the day and time of the day.Setting:The three most popular free-to-air channels on Brazilian TV.Participants:The study did not involve human subjects.Results:In total, 14·2 % (n 1156 out of 7991) of ads were food related (858 were specific food items). Approximately 91 % of food items ads included ultra-processed food (UPF) products. The top three most promoted products were soft drinks, alcoholic beverages and fast-food meals. Alcoholic beverage ads were more frequently broadcast in the evening.Conclusion:The high risk of exposure of the Brazilian population to UPF ads should be considered a public health concern given the impact of unhealthy food advertising on people’s food choices and health.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000518
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Measuring overweight and obesity in Chinese American children using US,
           international and ethnic-specific growth charts
    • Authors: Jennifer D Lau; Laminasti Elbaar, Eda Chao, Olivia Zhong, Chihang Ray Yu, Raymond Tse, Loretta Au
      Pages: 2663 - 2670
      Abstract: Objective:The aim is to determine the disparity between the overweight and obesity prevalence of Chinese American school-aged children and adolescents as measured by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth reference and the prevalence as measured by international and ethnic-specific-growth references.Design:This retrospective, cross-sectional study measured overweight and obesity prevalence among a paediatric population using the CDC, International Obesity Task Force (IOTF), World Health Organization (WHO) and an ethnic Chinese growth curve.Setting:A community health centre in New York City, USA.Participants:Chinese American children aged 6–17 years in 2017 (N 9160).Results:The overweight prevalence was 24 % (CDC), 23 % (IOTF), 30 % (WHO) and 31 % (China). The obesity prevalence was 10 % (CDC), 5 % (IOTF), 10 % (WHO) and 10 % (China). When disaggregated by age and sex, the difference was the most prominent in girls; using the China reference compared with using the CDC reference almost doubles the overweight prevalence (school-aged: 31 v. 17 %, P < 0·001, adolescent: 27 v. 14 %, P < 0·001) and the obesity prevalence (school-aged: 11 v. 5 %, P < 0·001, adolescent: 7 v. 4 %, P < 0·001).Conclusions:Use of the CDC reference compared with the Chinese ethnic-specific reference results in lower overweight and obesity prevalence in Chinese American girls. Almost half of the girls who were overweight and half of the girls who were obese were not identified using the CDC reference. Using ethnic-specific references or ethnic-specific cut-points may help improve overweight identification for Chinese American children.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000919
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Public health interventions to improve maternal nutrition during
           pregnancy: a nationally representative study of iron and folic acid
           consumption and food supplements in India
    • Authors: Prashant Kumar Singh; Ritam Dubey, Lucky Singh, Chandan Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Shalini Singh
      Pages: 2671 - 2686
      Abstract: Objective:Despite a reduction in maternal mortality in recent years, a high rate of anaemia and other nutrient inadequacies during pregnancy pose a serious threat to mothers and their children in the Global South. Using the framework of the WHO–Commission on Social Determinants of Health, this study examines the socioeconomic, programmatic and contextual factors associated with the consumption of iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets/syrup for at least 100 d (IFA100) and receiving supplementary food (SF) by pregnant women in India.Design:We analysed a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of over 190 898 ever-married women aged 15–49 years who were interviewed as part of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted during 2015–16, who had at least one live birth preceding 5 years of the survey.Setting:All twenty-nine states and seven union territories of India.Participants:Ever-married women aged 15–49 years.Results:Less than one-third of women were found to be consuming IFA100, and a little over half received SF during their last pregnancy. The consumption of IFA100 was likely to improve with women’s education, household wealth, early and more prenatal visits, and in a community with high pregnancy registration. Higher parity, early and more prenatal visits, contact with community health workers during pregnancy, belonging to a poor household and living in an aggregated poor community and rural area positively determine whether a woman might receive SF during pregnancy.Conclusions:Continuous monitoring and evaluation of provisioning IFA and SF in targeted groups and communities is a key to expanding the coverage and reducing the burden of undernutrition during pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020001007
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Food insecurity is associated with compromised dietary intake and quality
           among Lebanese mothers: findings from a national cross-sectional study
    • Authors: Lamis H Jomaa; Farah A Naja, Samer A Kharroubi, Marwa H Diab-El-Harake, Nahla C Hwalla
      Pages: 2687 - 2699
      Abstract: Objective:Examine the associations between household food insecurity (HFI) with sociodemographic, anthropometric and dietary intakes of mothers.Design:Cross-sectional survey (2014–2015). In addition to a sociodemographic questionnaire, data collection included the validated Arabic version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale, which was used to evaluate HFI. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-h dietary recall of a single habitual day, and maternal BMI was calculated based on weight and height measurements. Associations between HFI and maternal dietary intake (food groups, energy and macronutrients’ intake) were examined. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the associations between HFI status with odds of maternal overweight and measures of diet quality and diversity (Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women of Reproductive Age (MDD-W)).Setting:Lebanon.Participants:Mothers, nationally representative sample of Lebanese households with children (n 1204).Results:HFI was experienced among almost half of the study sample. Correlates of HFI were low educational attainment, unemployment and crowding. Significant inverse associations were observed between HFI and dietary HEI (OR 0·64, 95 % CI 0·46, 0·90, P = 0·011) and MDD-W (OR 0·6, 95 % CI 0·42, 0·85, P = 0·004), even after adjusting for socioeconomic correlates. No significant association was observed between HFI and odds of maternal overweight status.Conclusions:HFI was associated with compromised maternal dietary quality and diversity. Findings highlight the need for social welfare programmes and public health interventions to alleviate HFI and promote overall health and wellbeing of mothers.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000567
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Validating an automated image identification process of a passive
           image-assisted dietary assessment method: proof of concept
    • Authors: Tsz-Kiu Chui; Jindong Tan, Yan Li, Hollie A. Raynor
      Pages: 2700 - 2710
      Abstract: Objective:To validate an automated food image identification system, DietCam, which has not been validated, in identifying foods with different shapes and complexities from passively taken digital images.Design:Participants wore Sony SmartEyeglass that automatically took three images per second, while two meals containing four foods, representing regular- (i.e., cookies) and irregular-shaped (i.e., chips) foods and single (i.e., grapes) and complex (i.e., chicken and rice) foods, were consumed. Non-blurry images from the meals’ first 5 min were coded by human raters and compared with DietCam results. Comparisons produced four outcomes: true positive (rater/DietCam reports yes for food), false positive (rater reports no food; DietCam reports food), true negative (rater/DietCam reports no food) or false negative (rater reports food; DietCam reports no food).Setting:Laboratory meal.Participants:Thirty men and women (25·1 ± 6·6 years, 22·7 ± 1·6 kg/m2, 46·7 % White).Results:Identification accuracy was 81·2 and 79·7 % in meals A and B, respectively (food and non-food images) and 78·7 and 77·5 % in meals A and B, respectively (food images only). For food images only, no effect of food shape or complexity was found. When different types of images, such as 100 % food in the image and on the plate,
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000816
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Validity assessment of a portable anthropometer to measure length in
           24-month children from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort
    • Authors: Thaynã R Flores; Andréa D Bertoldi, Luiza IC Ricardo, Cauane Blumenberg, Laísa R Moreira, Mariane Dias, Rafaela C Martins, Mariângela Fd Silveira, Grégore I Mielke, Iná S Santos
      Pages: 2711 - 2716
      Abstract: Objective:This study aimed to assess the validity of a portable anthropometer against the gold standard among 2-year-old infants from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort.Design:Birth cohort study.Setting:A fixed Harpenden® infant anthropometer was considered as the gold standard for measuring infant length due to its greater precision and stability. The portable SANNY® (model ES2000) anthropometer was the instrument to be validated. The acceptable mean difference in length between the anthropometers was 0·5 cm. In order to compare length estimates, the interviewers carried out two length measures for each of the anthropometers (fixed and portable) and for each child. The mean of the two lengths was calculated for each anthropometer, and their difference was calculated.Participants:A subsample of 252 24-month-old members of the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study.Results:Children’s mean age was 23·5 months. According to Bland–Altman plot, there were no differences in overall lengths between the portable and the fixed anthropometers, or in lengths according to sex. There was a high overall concordance between the length estimates of the fixed and portable anthropometers (ρ = 0·94; 95 % CI 0·92, 0·95).Conclusions:The portable anthropometer proved to be accurate to measure the length of 24-month-old infants, being applicable to studies using the same standardised protocol used in the present study.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S136898002000107X
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Participant characteristics and self-reported weight status in a
           cross-sectional pilot survey of self-identified followers of popular
           diets: Adhering to Dietary Approaches for Personal Taste (ADAPT)
           Feasibility Survey
    • Authors: Micaela C Karlsen; Alice H Lichtenstein, Christina D Economos, Sara C Folta, Remco Chang, Gail Rogers, Paul F Jacques, Kara A Livingston, Nicola M McKeown
      Pages: 2717 - 2727
      Abstract: Objective:To describe characteristics of self-identified popular diet followers and compare mean BMI across these diets, stratified by time following diet.Design:Cross-sectional, web-based survey administered in 2015.Setting:Non-localised, international survey.Participants:Self-selected followers of popular diets (n 9019) were recruited to the survey via social media and email announcements by diet community leaders, categorised into eight major diet groups.Results:General linear models were used to compare mean BMI among (1) short-term (
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020001330
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Associations between parent and child physical activity and eating
           behaviours in a diverse sample: an ecological momentary assessment study
    • Authors: Rachel Wirthlin; Jennifer A Linde, Amanda Trofholz, Allan Tate, Katie Loth, Jerica M Berge
      Pages: 2728 - 2736
      Abstract: Objective:This study is a secondary data analysis that examines the association between parent modelling of dietary intake and physical activity and the same child behaviours among different races/ethnicities using innovative, rigorous and objective measures.Design:Ecological momentary assessment surveys were sent to parents to assess whether their child had seen them exercise or consume food. Dietary recall data and accelerometry were used to determine dietary intake and physical activity behaviours of children.Setting:Participants were randomly selected from primary care clinics, serving low-income and racially/ethnically diverse families in Minnesota, USA.Participants:Participants were families with children aged 5–7 years old who lived with parents 50 % of the time and shared at least one meal together.Results:A 10 percentage point higher prevalence in parent modelling of fruit and vegetable intake was associated with 0·12 higher serving intake of those same foods in children. The prevalence of parent modelling of eating energy dense foods (10 % prevalence units) was associated with 0·09 higher serving intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. Furthermore, accelerometry-measured parent sedentary hours was strongly correlated with child sedentary time (0·37 child sedentary hours per parent sedentary hours). An exploratory interaction analysis did not reveal any statistical evidence that these relationships depended on the child’s race/ethnic background.Conclusions:Interventions that increase parent modelling of healthy eating and minimise modelling of energy dense foods may have favourable effects on child dietary quality. Additionally, future research is needed to clarify the associations of parent modelling of physical activity and children’s physical activity levels.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S136898002000052X
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Food insecurity and low access to high-quality food for preconception
           women in Nepal: the importance of household relationships
    • Authors: Nadia Diamond-Smith; Jacqueline Shieh, Mahesh Puri, Sheri Weiser
      Pages: 2737 - 2745
      Abstract: Objective:Women in South Asia, including Nepal, have some of the poorest nutritional indicators globally, leading to poor maternal and child health outcomes. Nepal also suffers from high levels of household food insecurity, and newly married women are at high risk. Intra-household relationships may mediate the relationship between food insecurity and women’s nutrition in Nepal for newly married women. Our aim is to understand how newly married, preconception, women’s food consumption changes when she enters her husband’s home, compared with her natal home. We also explore whether relationship quality with husbands and mothers-in-law mediates the association between food insecurity and eating less high-quality food, using structural equation modelling.Design:Cross-sectional survey data.Setting:Rural Nepal in 2018.Participants:Data were collected from 200 newly married, preconception women.Results:Women had poor diet quality, and most ate fewer high-quality foods important for pregnancy in their marital, compared with natal, home. Higher quality relationships with mothers-in-laws mediated the association between food insecurity and a woman eating fewer high-quality foods in her marital, compared with natal, home. Relationship quality with husbands was not associated with changes in food consumption.Conclusions:Preconception, newly married women in Nepal are eating less high-quality foods important for women’s health during the preconception period – a key period for avoiding adverse maternal and infant health outcomes. Relationships with mothers-in-law are key to women’s access to high-quality food, suggesting that interventions aiming to improve maternal and child nutrition should target all household members.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000579
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Efficacy and acceptability of a pilot dietary intervention focusing on
           self-compassion, goal-setting and self-monitoring
    • Authors: Hania Rahimi-Ardabili; Lenny R Vartanian, Nicholas Zwar, Albie Sharpe, Rebecca Charlotte Reynolds
      Pages: 2746 - 2758
      Abstract: Objective:Overweight and obesity are universal health challenges. Recent evidence emphasises the potential benefits of addressing psychological factors associated with obesity in dietary programmes. This pilot study investigated the efficacy and acceptability of a combined online and face-to-face dietary intervention that used self-compassion, goal-setting and self-monitoring to improve dietary behaviour, as well as psychological factors associated with dietary behaviour.Design:Embedded mixed methods including a 4-week before-after trial and a one-on-one interview. Quantitative outcomes of the study were the levels of self-compassion; eating pathology; depression, anxiety and stress; and dietary intake. Qualitative outcomes were participants’ perceptions about the acceptability of the intervention.Setting:UNSW Kensington campus.Participants:Fourteen participants with overweight and obesity aged between 18 and 55 years old.Results:Results showed that the intervention significantly improved self-compassion and some aspects of dietary intake (e.g. decrease in energy intake) at Week Four compared with Week Zero. Some aspects of eating pathology also significantly decreased (e.g. Eating Concern). However, changes in self-compassion over the 4 weeks did not significantly predict Week Four study outcomes, except for level of stress. Most participants found self-compassion, goal-setting and self-monitoring to be essential for dietary behaviour change. However, participants also indicated that an online programme needed to be efficient, simple and interactive.Conclusions:In conclusion, the current study provides preliminary but promising findings of an effective and acceptable combined online and face-to-face intervention that used self-compassion, goal-setting and self-monitoring to improve dietary habits. However, the results need to be examined in future long-term randomised controlled trials.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000658
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Non-iodized salt consumption among women of reproductive age in
           sub-Saharan Africa: a population-based study
    • Authors: Djibril M Ba; Paddy Ssentongo, Duanping Liao, Ping Du, Kristen H Kjerulff
      Pages: 2759 - 2769
      Abstract: Objective:To identify countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) that have not yet achieved at least 90 % universal salt iodization and factors associated with the consumption of non-iodized salt among women of reproductive age.Design:A cross-sectional study using data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). The presence of iodine in household salt (iodized or non-iodized), which was tested during the survey process, was the study outcome. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine independent factors associated with the consumption of non-iodized salt among women of reproductive age.Setting:There were eleven countries in SSA that participated in the DHS since 2015 and measured the presence of iodine in household salt.Participants:Women (n 108 318) aged 15–49 years.Results:Countries with the highest rate of non-iodized salt were Senegal (29·5 %) followed by Tanzania (21·3 %), Ethiopia (14·0 %), Malawi (11·6 %) and Angola (10·8 %). The rate of non-iodized salt was less than 1 % in Rwanda (0·3 %), Uganda (0·5 %) and Burundi (0·8 %). Stepwise multivariable logistic regression showed that women were more likely to be using non-iodized salt (adjusted OR; 95 % CI) if they were poor (1·62; 1·48, 1·78), pregnant (1·16; 1·04, 1·29), aged 15–24 years (v. older: 1·14; 1·04, 1·24) and were not literate (1·14; 1·06, 1·23).Conclusions:The use of non-iodized salt varies among SSA countries. The higher level of use of non-iodized salt among poor, young women and pregnant women is particularly concerning.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019003616
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Association of sugar-sweetened beverage intake with risk of metabolic
           syndrome among children and adolescents in urban China
    • Authors: Shuyi Li; Muqing Cao, Chen Yang, Hao Zheng, Yanna Zhu
      Pages: 2770 - 2780
      Abstract: Objective:High sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake has been shown to correlate with a higher risk for CVD and metabolic disorders, while the association between SSB intake and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains unclear. The present study aimed to explore the association between SSB intake and MetS among children and adolescents in urban China.Design:A cross-sectional study involving 7143 children and adolescents was conducted in urban China. MetS definition proposed by the International Diabetes Federation was adopted. Data on SSB intake, diet, physical activity and family environment factors were obtained through questionnaires. Logistic regression models with multivariable adjustment were adopted to analyse the association between SSB intake and the risk of MetS and its components.Setting:Primary and secondary schools in three urban cities of China.Participants:Children and adolescents (n 5258) aged 7–18 years.Results:Among the participants, 29·9 % of them had high SSB intake (at least 0·3 servings/d) and the overall MetS prevalence was 2·7 %. Participants with high SSB intake were at higher risk for MetS (OR = 1·60; 95 % CI 1·03, 2·54) and abdominal obesity (OR = 1·55; 95 % CI 1·28, 1·83) compared with their counterparts with no SSB intake (0 servings/d).Conclusions:High SSB intake is significantly associated with increased MetS and abdominal obesity risk among children and adolescents in urban China. These results suggest that strong policies focusing on controlling SSB intake might be effective in preventing MetS and abdominal obesity.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019003653
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Economic hardship and child intake of foods high in saturated fats and
           added sugars: the mediating role of parenting stress among high-risk
    • Authors: Brittany R Schuler; Sajeevika S Daundasekara, Daphne C Hernandez, Levent Dumenci, Michael Clark, Jennifer O Fisher, Alison L Miller
      Pages: 2781 - 2792
      Abstract: Objective:Economic hardship (EH) may link to poorer child diet, however whether this association is due to resource limitations or effects on family functioning is unknown. This study examines whether parenting stress mediates the association between EH and child consumption of foods high in saturated fats and added sugars (SFAS).Design:Data were collected from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study. EH was assessed using eight items collected when children were between 1–9 years old. Mothers reported parenting stress and frequency of child consumption of high SFAS foods when children were 9 years old. Latent growth curve modelling (LGCM) and structural equation modelling tested direct associations between the starting level/rate of change in EH and high SFAS food consumption, and parenting stress as a mediator of the association.Setting:Twenty US cities.Participants:Mothers/children (n 3846) followed birth through age 9 years, oversampled ‘high-risk’, unmarried mothers.Results:LGCM indicated a curvilinear trend in EH from ages 1–9, with steeper increases from ages 3–9 years. EH did not directly predict the frequency of high SFAS foods. Average EH at 3 and 5 years and change in EH from ages 1–9 predicted higher parenting stress, which in turn predicted more frequent consumption of high SFAS foods.Conclusions:Findings suggest it may be important to consider parenting stress in early prevention efforts given potential lasting effects of early life EH on child consumption of high SFAS foods. Future research should explore how supports and resources may buffer effects of EH-related stress on parents and children.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020001366
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Prevalence and strategies of energy drink, soda, processed snack, candy
           and restaurant product marketing on the online streaming platform Twitch
    • Authors: Catherine C Pollack; Jason Kim, Jennifer A Emond, John Brand, Diane Gilbert-Diamond, Travis D Masterson
      Pages: 2793 - 2803
      Abstract: Objective:To evaluate the prevalence of food and beverage marketing on (Twitch), a social media platform where individuals broadcast live audiovisual material to millions of daily users.Design:Observational analysis of the prevalence of 238 food and beverage brands in five distinct categories (processed snacks; food delivery services and restaurants; candies, energy drinks/coffees/teas; and sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages) over the course of 18 months.Setting:Twitch streamer profiles and stream titles between January 2018 and July 2019. Twitch chat room messages during July 2019.Participants:None.Results:There was a significant increase in brand exposure on Twitch both in stream titles (sodas and candies, P < 0·05) and on streamer profiles (sodas, restaurants/food delivery services, candies, and energy drinks/coffees/teas, P < 0·05) over the 18-month study period. Energy drinks, coffees and teas had the most exposure with 1·08 billion exposure hours from profiles and 83 million exposure hours from titles. Restaurants/food delivery services and sugar-sweetened beverages were the most frequently mentioned products in chat rooms with 1·24 million messages and 1·10 million messages, respectively.Conclusions:This study is the first to demonstrate the extent by which food and beverage brands garner millions of hours of exposure on Twitch. Future studies should evaluate the impact that this level of exposure to nutrient-poor, energy-dense products may have on behavioural and health outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020002128
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Sodium concentration of pre-packaged foods sold in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Anson Siu Cheung Wong; Daisy H Coyle, Jason HY Wu, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie
      Pages: 2804 - 2810
      Abstract: Objective:To describe the Na concentration of pre-packaged foods available in Hong Kong.Design:The Na concentrations (mg/100 g or mg/100 ml or per serving) of all pre-packaged foods available for sale in major supermarket chains in Hong Kong were obtained from the 2017 Hong Kong FoodSwitch database. Median and interquartile range (IQR) of Na concentration for different food groups and the proportion of foods and beverages considered low and high Na (600 mg/100 g or mg/100 ml, respectively) were determined.Setting:Hong Kong.Participants:Not applicable.Results:We analysed 11 518 pre-packaged products. ‘Fruit and vegetables (including table salt)’ had the highest variability in Na concentration ranging from 0 to 39 000 mg/100 g, followed by ‘sauces, dressings, spreads and dips’ ranging from 0 to 34 130. The latter also had the highest median Na concentration (mg/100 g or mg/100 ml) at 1180 (IQR 446–3520), followed by meat and meat products (median 800, IQR 632–1068) and snack foods (median 650, IQR 453–926). Fish and fish products (median 531, 364–791) and meat and meat products (median 444, IQR 351–593) had the highest Na concentration per serving. Overall, 46·7 and 26·7 % of products were low and high in Na, respectively.Conclusions:Our results can serve as a baseline for food supply interventions in Hong Kong. We have identified several food groups as priority areas for reformulation, demonstrating the potential of such initiatives to improve the healthiness of the food supply in Hong Kong.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020002360
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Evaluation of nutritional quality of biscuits and sweet snacks sold on the
           Italian market: the Food Labelling of Italian Products (FLIP) study
    • Authors: M Dall’Asta; A Rosi, D Angelino, N Pellegrini, D Martini
      Pages: 2811 - 2818
      Abstract: Objective:The present study aimed at surveying the nutritional quality of prepacked biscuits and sweet snacks sold on the Italian market, and at identifying whether the product type and other information reported on the pack could discriminate the overall quality of products analysed.Design:Data on energy, nutrient and salt content of the products from two different categories of prepacked sweet cereal products (i.e. biscuits and sweet snacks) were collected from thirteen retailers present on the Italian market. Based on the product type, nutrition and health claim (NHC) and gluten-free (GF) declaration, a comparison of nutrient profile within each category was performed.Setting:This work is part of the Food Labelling of Italian Products (FLIP) study that aims at systematically investigating the overall quality of the prepacked foods sold on the Italian market.Results:A total of 1290 products were analysed (63 % biscuits and 37 % sweet snacks). After comparing different product types within each category, a high intra-type product variability was evidenced, which was more pronounced for biscuits. Overall, NHC-carrying products seemed to have a better nutrition profile than those without claims, except for salt content. Conversely, a comparison between GF and gluten-containing products did not show consistent results within the two categories analysed.Conclusions:Due to the high intra-type variability within each category, the different characteristics and regulated information reported on the pack do not seem to be a clear marker of the overall nutritional quality of biscuits and snacks.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000853
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Population-level effective coverage of adolescent weekly iron and folic
           acid supplementation is low in rural West Bengal, India
    • Authors: Christopher R Sudfeld; Rajesh Kumar Rai, Anamitra Barik, Joseph J Valadez, Wafaie W Fawzi
      Pages: 2819 - 2823
      Abstract: Objective:To assess the coverage of the adolescent weekly iron and folic acid supplementation (WIFS) programme in rural West Bengal, India.Design:We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of intended WIFS programme beneficiaries (in-school adolescent girls and boys and out-of-school adolescent girls).Setting:Birbhum Health and Demographic Surveillance System.Participants:A total of 4448 adolescents 10–19 years of age participated in the study.Results:The percentage of adolescents who reported taking four WIFS tablets during the last month as intended by the national programme was 9·4 % among in-school girls, 7·1 % for in-school boys and 2·3 % for out-of-school girls. The low effective coverage was due to the combination of large deficits in WIFS provision and poor adherence. A large proportion of adolescents reported they were not provided any WIFS tablets in the last month: 61·7 % of in-school girls, 73·3 % of in-school boys and 97·1 % of out-of-school girls. In terms of adherence, only 41·6 % of in-school girls, 38·1 % of in-school boys and 47·4 % of out-of-school girls reported that they consumed all WIFS tablets they received. Counselling from teachers, administrators and school staff was the primary reason adolescents reported taking WIFS tablets, whereas the major reasons for non-adherence were lack of perceived benefit, peer suggestion not to take WIFS and a reported history of side effects.Conclusions:The effective coverage of the WIFS programme for in-school adolescents and out-of-school adolescent girls is low in rural Birbhum. Integrated supply- and demand-side strategies appear to be necessary to increase the effective coverage and potential benefits of the WIFS programme.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000932
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Equity implications of rice fortification: a modelling study from Nepal
    • Authors: Naomi M Saville; Macharaja Maharjan, Dharma S Manandhar, Helen A Harris-Fry
      Pages: 2824 - 2839
      Abstract: Objective:To model the potential impact and equity impact of fortifying rice on nutritional adequacy of different subpopulations in Nepal.Design:Using 24-h dietary recall data and a household consumption survey, we estimated: rice intakes; probability of adequacy (PA) of eight micronutrients commonly fortified in rice (vitamin A, niacin (B3), pyridoxine (B6), cobalamin (B12), thiamin (B1), folate (B9), Fe and Zn) plus riboflavin (B2), vitamin C and Ca and mean probability of adequacy (MPA) of these micronutrients. We modelled: no fortification; fortification of purchased rice, averaged across all households and in rice-buying households only. We compared adequacy increases between population subgroups.Setting:(i) Dhanusha and Mahottari districts of Nepal (24-h recall) and (ii) all agro-ecological zones of Nepal (consumption data).Participants:(i) Pregnant women (n 128), mothers-in-law and male household heads; (ii) households (n 4360).Results:Unfortified diets were especially inadequate in vitamins B12, A, B9, Zn and Fe. Fortification of purchased rice in rice-purchasing households increased PA > 0·9 for thiamin, niacin, B6, folate and Zn, but B12 and Fe remained inadequate even after fortification (PA range 0·3–0·9). Pregnant women’s increases exceeded men’s for thiamin, niacin, B6, folate and MPA; men had larger gains in vitamin A, B12 and Zn. Adequacy improved more in the hills (coefficient 0·08 (95 % CI 0·05, 0·10)) and mountains (coefficient 0·07 (95 % CI 0·01, 0·14)) but less in rural areas (coefficient −0·05 (95 % CI −0·09, −0·01)).Conclusions:Consumption of purchased fortified rice improves adequacy and gender equity of nutrient intake, especially in non-rice-growing areas.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020001020
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
  • Enablers and barriers to implementation of and compliance with
           school-based healthy food and beverage policies: a systematic literature
           review and meta-synthesis
    • Authors: R. Ronto; N. Rathi, A. Worsley, T. Sanders, C. Lonsdale, L. Wolfenden
      Pages: 2840 - 2855
      Abstract: Objective:Schools have been recognised as a potential setting for improving young peoples’ food and beverage choices; however, many schools fail to adhere to healthy food and beverage policy standards. The current study aimed to explore the enablers and barriers to effective implementation of and compliance with school-based food and beverage policies.Design:Systematic review and meta-synthesis. Eight electronic databases were searched for articles in June 2019. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they reported on implementation and/or compliance of school-based food and/or beverage policies with outcomes relating to enablers and/or barriers. This review had no restrictions on study design, year of publication or language. Seventy-two full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, of which twenty-eight were included in this review.Setting:Studies conducted globally that focused on schools.Participants:School-based healthy food and beverage policies.Results:Financial (cost of policy-compliant foods, decreased profit and revenue), physical (availability of policy-compliant foods, close geographical proximity to unhealthy food outlets) and social (poor knowledge, understanding, and negative stakeholders’ attitudes towards policy) factors were the most frequently reported barriers for policy implementation. Sufficient funding, effective policy communication and management, and positive stakeholders’ attitudes were the most frequently reported enablers for policy implementation.Conclusions:There is a need for better communication strategies, financial and social support prior to school-based food policy implementation. Findings of this review contribute to a thorough understanding of factors that underpin best practice recommendations for the implementation of school-based food policy, and inform those responsible for improving public health nutrition.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019004865
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 15 (2020)
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