Publisher: Cambridge University Press   (Total: 386 journals)

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Showing 201 - 386 of 386 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Child Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.035, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chinese History / 中國歷史學刊     Hybrid Journal  
J. of Classics Teaching     Open Access  
J. of Clinical and Translational Science     Open Access  
J. of Dairy Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.573, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Demographic Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.227, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
J. of East Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.59, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Ecclesiastical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.138, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 1.82, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Experimental Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 2.526, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial and Quantitative Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48, SJR: 3.636, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 183, SJR: 1.591, CiteScore: 3)
J. of French Language Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Functional Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Germanic Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Global History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hellenic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.553, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.949, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Institutional Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 2)
J. of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
J. of Laryngology & Otology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.495, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Latin American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Law and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Linguistic Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.451, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Management & Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 351, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Modern African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.606, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 251, SJR: 0.493, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.984, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pacific Rim Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.33, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Paleontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.882, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Pension Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.931, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.441, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Psychiatric Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
J. of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.542, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Radiotherapy in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Roman Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.341, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Roman Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.182, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Smoking Cessation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.411, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.063, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Southeast Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Symbolic Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.057, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the American Philosophical Association     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.857, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.46, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the History of Economic Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 2.393, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Intl. Neuropsychological Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 1.408, CiteScore: 3)
J. of the Intl. Phonetic Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.27, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Marine Biological Association of the UK     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Royal Asiatic Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Society for American Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Tropical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Tropical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Wine Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Japanese J. of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.372, CiteScore: 1)
Kantian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Knowledge Engineering Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 2)
Language and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Language in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.466, CiteScore: 2)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.233, CiteScore: 2)
Language Variation and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.854, CiteScore: 1)
Laser and Particle Beams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Law and History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Legal Information Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Legal Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.484, CiteScore: 1)
Leiden J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.482, CiteScore: 0)
Libyan Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
LMS J. of Computation and Mathematics     Free   (SJR: 0.229, CiteScore: 1)
Macroeconomic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.169, CiteScore: 1)
Management and Organization Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.816, CiteScore: 2)
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.086, CiteScore: 1)
Mathematical Structures in Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.298, CiteScore: 1)
Medical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.417, CiteScore: 1)
Microscopy and Microanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.397, CiteScore: 0)
Modern Intellectual History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.218, CiteScore: 0)
MRS Communications     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 1.443, CiteScore: 3)
MRS Energy & Sustainability - A Review J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Nagoya Mathematical J.     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.892, CiteScore: 1)
Natural Language Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.264, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands J. of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.285, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands Yearbook of Intl. Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.196, CiteScore: 0)
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Neuron Glia Biology     Hybrid Journal  
New Perspectives on Turkey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
New Surveys in the Classics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Testament Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 0)
New Theatre Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.132, CiteScore: 0)
Nineteenth-Century Music Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Nordic J. of Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Numerical Mathematics : Theory, Methods and Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Nurse Prescriber     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 1.756, CiteScore: 5)
Organised Sound     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 0)
Oryx     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.981, CiteScore: 2)
Paleobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 1.563, CiteScore: 3)
Palliative & Supportive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.611, CiteScore: 1)
Papers of the British School at Rome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.194, CiteScore: 2)
Parasitology Open     Open Access  
Personality Neuroscience     Open Access  
Perspectives on Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40, SJR: 2.075, CiteScore: 2)
Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.331, CiteScore: 0)
Phonology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Plainsong and Medieval Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Plant Genetic Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Polar Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 1)
Political Science Research and Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Politics & Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.861, CiteScore: 1)
Politics and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.541, CiteScore: 1)
Popular Music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.216, CiteScore: 0)
Powder Diffraction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.462, CiteScore: 1)
Primary Health Care Research & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.406, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 1)
Proceedings of the Intl. Astronomical Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.373, CiteScore: 4)
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 1.506, CiteScore: 1)
Progress in Neurotherapeutics and Neuropsychopharmacology     Full-text available via subscription  
PS: Political Science & Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.665, CiteScore: 1)
Psychological Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 3.274, CiteScore: 5)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.122, CiteScore: 2)
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.237, CiteScore: 2)
Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 3.282, CiteScore: 6)
Quaternary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.216, CiteScore: 2)
Queensland Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.959, CiteScore: 2)
Ramus : Critical Studies in Greek and Roman Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
ReCALL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 2.813, CiteScore: 3)
Religious Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.593, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Intl. Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.63, CiteScore: 2)
Review of Middle East Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.049, CiteScore: 1)
Reviews in Clinical Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Historia Económica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Revista Internacional de la Cruz Roja     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Robotica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Science in Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 0)
Scottish J. of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.177, CiteScore: 0)
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.95, CiteScore: 2)
Slavic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.395, CiteScore: 1)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.253, CiteScore: 1)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 183, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Social Science History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.2, CiteScore: 0)
Spanish J. of Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Studies in American Political Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Studies in Church History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Second Language Acquisition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.516, CiteScore: 2)
Tempo     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
Thalamus & Related Systems     Full-text available via subscription  
The Americas : A Quarterly Review of Latin American History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
The Lichenologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.113, CiteScore: 2)
The Mathematical Gazette     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Theatre Research Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 0)
Theatre Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Theory and Practice of Logic Programming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 2)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
TRaNS : Trans-Regional-and-National Studies of Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Transactions of the Royal Historical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.419, CiteScore: 0)
Transnational Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Twentieth-century music     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.453, CiteScore: 1)
Twin Research and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 1)
Urban History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.358, CiteScore: 0)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.712, CiteScore: 0)
Victorian Literature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
Visual Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 1.012, CiteScore: 2)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
World Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 209, SJR: 6.544, CiteScore: 4)
World Trade Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 1)
World's Poultry Science J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.559, CiteScore: 1)
Yearbook of Intl. Humanitarian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Zygote     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Public Health Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.122
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 23  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1368-9800 - ISSN (Online) 1475-2727
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [386 journals]
  • PHN volume 23 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000166
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • PHN volume 23 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980020000178
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Development of a diet quality index to assess adherence to Canadian
           dietary recommendations in 3-year-old children
    • Authors: Megan Jarman; Nisha Vashi, Amy Angus, Rhonda C Bell, Gerald F Giesbrecht
      Pages: 385 - 393
      Abstract: Objective:Little is known about the diet quality of preschool children in Canada. We adapted an established diet quality index for European preschool children to align with the Canadian context and applied the index to dietary data of 3-year-old children to assess patterns of diet quality.Design:Our diet quality index (DQI-C) consists of four components that align with Canada’s Food Guide (Vegetables and Fruit, Grain Products, Milk and Alternatives and Meat and Alternatives) and two components that account for less healthy intakes (Candy/Snacks, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSB)). The ratio between consumption v. recommended intakes is calculated for each component and summed to give a total score from 0 to 6.Setting:Alberta, Canada.Participants:The DQI-C was applied to FFQ data from 1260 3-year-old children.Results:Mean DQI-C was 3·69 (sd 0·6). Most children met recommendations for Vegetables and Fruit (73 %) and Meat and Alternatives (70 %); however, fewer met recommendations for Milk and Alternatives (38 %) and Grain Products (13 %). Children in the lowest quartile for DQI-C score consumed a mean of 82 g of Candy/Snacks and 193 g of SSB daily, whereas those in the highest quartile consumed 45 g/d and 17 g/d of Candy and Snacks and SSB, respectively.Conclusion:This DQI-C score is useful for ranking Canadian preschool children according to their overall diet quality. There is room for improvement for consumptions of Grain Products, Meat and Alternatives, Candy/Snacks and SSB, which could be a target for initiatives to improve diet quality of preschool children in Canada.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002039
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Excessive gestational weight gain in the first trimester is associated
           with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective study from
           Southwest China
    • Authors: Xi Lan; Yi-qi Zhang, Hong-li Dong, Ju Zhang, Feng-ming Zhou, Yan-hong Bao, Rong-ping Zhao, Cong-jie Cai, Dan Bai, Xin-xin Pang, Guo Zeng
      Pages: 394 - 401
      Abstract: Objective:To evaluate the effects of gestational weight gain (GWG) in the first trimester (GWG-F) and the rate of gestational weight gain in the second trimester (RGWG-S) on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), exploring the optimal GWG ranges for the avoidance of GDM in Chinese women.Design:A population-based prospective study was conducted. Gestational weight was measured regularly in every antenatal visit and assessed by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) criteria (2009). GDM was assessed with the 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24–28 weeks of gestation. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess the effects of GWG-F and RGWG-S on GDM, stratified by pre-pregnancy BMI. In each BMI category, the GWG values corresponding to the lowest prevalence of GDM were defined as the optimal GWG range.Setting:Southwest China.Participants:Pregnant women (n 1910) in 2017.Results:After adjusting for confounders, GWG-F above IOM recommendations increased the risk of GDM (OR; 95 % CI) among underweight (2·500; 1·106, 5·655), normal-weight (1·396; 1·023, 1·906) and overweight/obese women (3·017; 1·118, 8·138) compared with women within IOM recommendations. No significant difference was observed between RGWG-S and GDM (P > 0·05) after adjusting for GWG-F based on the previous model. The optimal GWG-F ranges for the avoidance of GDM were 0·8–1·2, 0·8–1·2 and 0·35–0·70 kg for underweight, normal-weight and overweight/obese women, respectively.Conclusions:Excessive GWG in the first trimester, rather than the second trimester, is associated with increased risk of GDM regardless of pre-pregnancy BMI. Obstetricians should provide more pre-emptive guidance in achieving adequate GWG-F.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019003513
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • The validation of the Malay Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0: factor
           structure, item analysis and model fit
    • Authors: Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha; Ahalya Kalasivan, Mahalakshmi Ponnusamy Pillai, Poopathy Suppiah, Salmiah Md Sharif, Shamini Gayathri Krishnan, Subasni Samy Pullay, Noor Ashikin Osman
      Pages: 402 - 409
      Abstract: Objective:The development of a second version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) coincides with the latest updates in the diagnosis of addiction as documented in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The objective of the present study was to translate the YFAS 2.0 into the Malay language and test its psychometric properties in a primary-care population.Design:Patients were assessed for food addiction utilizing the Malay YFAS 2.0. The participants were also assessed for eating disorder using the validated Malay Binge Eating Scale. The psychometric properties of the YFAS 2.0 were determined by analysing factor structure, overall item statistics, internal consistency and construct validity.Setting:Between 2017 and 2018, participants were chosen from a regional primary-care clinic in the district of Seremban, Malaysia.Participants:Patients (n 382) from a regional primary-care clinic.Results:The prevalence of food addiction was 5·0%. A two-factor structure of the YFAS was confirmed as the most optimal solution for the scale via confirmatory factor analysis. In both its diagnostic and symptom count version, the YFAS 2.0 had good internal consistency (Kuder–Richardson α > 0·80 and McDonald’s ω > 0·9).Conclusions:We validated a psychometrically sound Malay version of the YFAS 2.0 in a primary-care population. Both diagnostic and symptom count versions of the scale had robust psychometric properties. The questionnaire can be used to develop health promotion strategies to detect food addiction tendencies in a general population.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002684
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Exploring food preparation practices in families with and without
           school-aged childhood cancer survivors
    • Authors: Margaret Raber; Karla Crawford, Tom Baranowski, Shreela V Sharma, Vanessa Schick, Christine Markham, Michael Roth, Joya Chandra
      Pages: 410 - 415
      Abstract: Objective:Survival rates for paediatric cancers have increased dramatically since the 1970s, but childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are at increased risk for several chronic diseases throughout life. Nutrition interventions promoting healthy family meals may support wellness for survivors, but little research has explored CCS family food preparation habits. The goal of the present study was to describe and compare food preparation practices of CCS and non-CCS families.Design:Observational.Setting:Typical evening meal preparation events were observed and recorded in participant homes. Recordings and notes were analysed using the Healthy Cooking Index (HCI), a measure of nutrition-optimizing food preparation practices relevant to survivor wellness. Demographics, BMI and nutrient composition of prepared meals were also collected.Participants:Forty parents with a CCS or non-CCS child aged 5–17 years were recruited.Results:There were no major differences between the CCS and non-CCS families with regard to summative HCI score or specific food preparation behaviours. Meals prepared by CCS and non-CCS families had similar nutrient compositions.Conclusions:The study revealed areas for practical nutrition intervention in CCS and non-CCS families. Future studies should consider adopting and tailoring nutrition intervention methods that have been successful in non-CCS communities.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002672
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Food insecurity, acculturation and diagnosis of CHD and related health
           outcomes among immigrant adults in the USA
    • Authors: Michael D Smith; Alisha Coleman-Jensen
      Pages: 416 - 431
      Abstract: Objective:To deepen understanding of the relationship between food insecurity, acculturation, and diagnosis of CHD and related health outcomes among immigrant adults.Design:Using cross-sectional, nationally representative data from the National Health Interview Survey 2011 to 2015, we address two research questions. First, what is the relationship of household food insecurity and acculturation with: CHD, angina pectoris, heart attack, self-rated poor health and obesity' Second, what is the association of food insecurity with these health outcomes over years of living in the USA' We estimate multivariate logistic regressions without (question 1) and with (question 2) an interaction term between food insecurity and acculturation for CHD and related health outcomes.Setting:USA.Participants:Low-income immigrant adults.Results:Food insecurity and acculturation are both associated with diagnosis of CHD and related health outcomes among immigrant adults. Food insecurity and acculturation are associated with the health of female immigrants more than males. Also, the differences by food security status in the probability of having several poor health outcomes (self-rated heath, obesity, women’s angina pectoris) are largest for those in the USA for less than 5 years, decrease for those who have lived in the USA for 5–14 years, and are larger again for those in the USA for 15 or more years.Conclusions:Recent and long-term food-insecure immigrants are more vulnerable to CHD and related health outcomes than those in the USA for 5–14 years. Further research is needed to understand why.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019001952
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Factors affecting safe and healthy diet in older adults in Italy: results
           of a preliminary study performed in a community-dwelling sample
    • Authors: P Laurenti; C De Meo, D Sacchini, AG Spagnolo, D Moro, A Varacca, F Landi, E Manes-Gravina, A Sgadari, R Bernabei, A Barbara, W Ricciardi, C de Waure
      Pages: 432 - 438
      Abstract: Objective:To investigate, through a questionnaire, older adults’ demographic and socio-economic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes and practices in terms of food safety and healthy diet; and to develop dietary and hygiene indices able to represent participants’ nutritional and food safety behaviour, exploring their association with demographic and socio-economic factors.Design:One-year cross-sectional study.Setting:Gemelli Teaching Hospital (Rome, Italy).Participants:People aged ≥65 years, Italian speaking, accessing the Centre of Ageing Medicine.Results:Mean age of the sample was 74 (sd 7·7) years. Subjective perception of a safe diet was high: 64·2 % of respondents believed they have a balanced diet. Interviewees got informed about proper nutrition mainly from television, magazines, newspapers, Internet (29·9 %) and from health professionals (34·8 %) such as dietitians, whereas 15·4 % from general practitioners. Regarding food safety, 33·8 % of participants reported to consume expired food, even more than once per month; between 80 and 90 % of participants reported to follow food safety practices during preparation and cooking, even though 49·3 % defrosted food at room temperature. Calculated dietary and hygiene indices showed that the elderly participants were far from having optimal nutritional and food safety behaviours.Conclusions:These results suggest it is necessary to increase the awareness of older adults in the matter of healthy diet and food safety. Specific and targeted educational interventions for the elderly and their caregivers could improve the adoption of recommended food safety practices and safe nutritional behaviours among older adults.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002301
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Social life characteristics in relation to adherence to the Mediterranean
           diet in older adults: findings from the Hellenic Longitudinal
           Investigation of Aging and Diet (HELIAD) study
    • Authors: Eirini Mamalaki; Costas A Anastasiou, Mary H Kosmidis, Efthimios Dardiotis, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Paraskevi Sakka, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia
      Pages: 439 - 445
      Abstract: Objective:The present study aimed to explore the associations between social life and adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, the Mediterranean diet (MD), in a population-representative cohort of older people.Design:Cross-sectional study. Adherence to the MD was evaluated by an a priori score; tertiles of the score, indicating low, medium and high adherence, were used in the analyses. Social life was assessed by a questionnaire evaluating participation in leisure-time activities and the number of social contacts; primary occupation was also recorded and job characteristics were further explored.Setting:Community-dwelling older adults.Participants:Adults from the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Aging and Diet (HELIAD) study (n 1933; age range 65–99 years).Results:Each unit increase in the number of social contacts/month and in the frequency score of intellectual, social and physical activities was associated with a 1·6, 6·8, 4·8 and 13·7 % increase in the likelihood of a participant being in the high MD adherence group, respectively. The analysis by age group revealed that younger elderly participants had a 1·4, 8·4 and 11·3 % higher likelihood to be in the high adherence group for each unit increase in the number of social contacts/month and in the frequency score of engagement in intellectual and physical activities, respectively. Similar associations were found for older elderly participants with high compared with low MD adherence, except for the intellectual activities.Conclusions:The present results suggest that high MD adherence is associated with good social life, suggesting a clustering of health-promoting lifestyle factors in older adults.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002350
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • enable+study&rft.title=Public+Health+Nutrition&rft.issn=1368-9800&,+Christa+Meisinger,+Annette+Peters,+Barbara+Thorand,+Rolf+Holle,+Karl-Heinz+Ladwig,+Holger+Schulz,+Eva+Grill,+Rebecca+Diekmann,+Eva+Schrader,+Peter+Stehle,+Cornel+C+Sieber,+Dorothee+Volkert&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1368980019002271">Malnutrition and related risk factors in older adults from different
           health-care settings: an enable study
    • Authors: Eva Kiesswetter; Miriam G Colombo, Christa Meisinger, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Rolf Holle, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Holger Schulz, Eva Grill, Rebecca Diekmann, Eva Schrader, Peter Stehle, Cornel C Sieber, Dorothee Volkert
      Pages: 446 - 456
      Abstract: Objective:The origin of malnutrition in older age is multifactorial and risk factors may vary according to health and living situation. The present study aimed to identify setting-specific risk profiles of malnutrition in older adults and to investigate the association of the number of individual risk factors with malnutrition.Design:Data of four cross-sectional studies were harmonized and uniformly analysed. Malnutrition was defined as BMI < 20 kg/m2 and/or weight loss of >3 kg in the previous 3–6 months. Associations between factors of six domains (demographics, health, mental function, physical function, dietary intake-related problems, dietary behaviour), the number of individual risk factors and malnutrition were analysed using logistic regression.Setting:Community (CD), geriatric day hospital (GDH), home care (HC), nursing home (NH).Participants:CD older adults (n 1073), GDH patients (n 180), HC receivers (n 335) and NH residents (n 197), all ≥65 years.Results:Malnutrition prevalence was lower in CD (11 %) than in the other settings (16–19 %). In the CD sample, poor appetite, difficulties with eating, respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases were associated with malnutrition; in GDH patients, poor appetite and respiratory diseases; in HC receivers, younger age, poor appetite and nausea; and in NH residents, older age and mobility limitations. In all settings the likelihood of malnutrition increased with the number of potential individual risk factors.Conclusions:The study indicates a varying relevance of certain risk factors of malnutrition in different settings. However, the relationship of the number of individual risk factors with malnutrition in all settings implies comprehensive approaches to identify persons at risk of malnutrition early.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002271
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Impact of neighbourhood food environment on diet and obesity in China: a
           systematic review
    • Authors: Ruopeng An; Li He, MS Jing Shen
      Pages: 457 - 473
      Abstract: Objective:This study systematically reviewed literature on the neighbourhood food environment in relation to diet and obesity among residents in China.Design:A keyword search of peer-reviewed articles was performed in Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science. Eligibility criteria include study designs: longitudinal/cohort studies or cross-sectional studies; study participants: people of all ages; exposures: neighbourhood food environment (e.g. restaurants, supermarkets, wet markets, fast-food restaurants, or convenience stores); outcomes: diet and/or body weight status; and country: China.Results:Seventeen studies met all criteria and were included. Among the eight studies that assessed the neighbourhood food environment in relation to diet, six reported at least one statistically significant relationship in the expected direction, whereas the remaining two exclusively reported null effects. Among the eleven studies that assessed the neighbourhood food environment in relation to body weight or overweight/obesity, ten reported a significant association whereas the remaining one reported a null relationship. Variety, density, and proximity of food outlets were positively associated with local residents’ dietary diversity, portion size, and daily caloric intake. Density and proximity of fast-food restaurants and convenience stores were positively associated with local residents’ adiposity in some but not all studies. Evidence linking any specific food outlet type to diet/obesity remains lacking due to the small number of studies and heterogeneities in food environment measures, geographical locations, and population subgroups.Conclusions:The neighbourhood food environment may influence diet and obesity among Chinese residents but the evidence remains preliminary. Future studies adopting an experimental study design and objective/validated environment and dietary measures are warranted.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002167
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Vegetable intake in Australian children and adolescents: the importance of
           consumption frequency, eating occasion and its association with dietary
           and sociodemographic factors
    • Authors: Flavia Fayet-Moore; Andrew McConnell, Tim Cassettari, Kate Tuck, Peter Petocz, Jean Kim
      Pages: 474 - 487
      Abstract: Objective:We aimed to profile vegetable consumption and its association with dietary and sociodemographic factors.Design:Secondary analysis of a nationally representative nutrition survey. ‘Vegetables’ refers to non-discretionary ‘vegetables and legumes/beans’ as defined by the Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADG). Prevalence of vegetable consumption, frequency of intake, proportion meeting ADG recommendations, most popular food groups, intake at each reported eating occasion, and the profile of high and low vegetable consumers (based on the median servings) were determined.Setting:Australian 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.Participants:Children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 years (n 2812).Results:Vegetables were consumed by 83·0% (95% CI 81·6, 84·4%) of participants, but the median vegetable servings was less than a third of the ADG recommendations. ‘Leaf and stalk vegetables’ and ‘potatoes’ were the most popular vegetable-dense food groups at lunch and dinner, respectively. Sixty-four percent had vegetables once a day, and predominantly at dinner. Vegetable frequency was positively associated with daily vegetable servings and variety. Participants who consumed vegetables twice a day generally had vegetables at both lunch and dinner and had nearly double the servings (2·6, sd 1·9) of those who consumed them once (1·5, sd 1·5). High vegetable consumers were older, had higher total energy, but lower discretionary energy intake and were less likely to be at risk of metabolic complications.Conclusion:Increasing the frequency of vegetable consumption may assist with increasing daily vegetable servings. A focus on consuming vegetables at lunch may assist with increasing both total servings and variety.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S136898001900209X
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Simulating the impact of sodium reduction from packaged foods on
           population sodium intake in US adults and children
    • Authors: Elizabeth K Dunford; Jennifer M Poti
      Pages: 488 - 495
      Abstract: Objective:To simulate the impact that Na reductions in food categories that are the largest contributors to dietary Na intake would have on population Na intake from packaged foods among US adults and children.Design:24 h Dietary recall data were used. For each store-bought packaged food product reported by participants, we generated sales-weighted Na content at the median and 25th percentile using Nutrition Facts Panel data from 193 195 products purchased by US households. The impact that Na reductions would have on population Na intake, overall and by sociodemographic subgroup, was examined.SettingsUS households.Participants:Children aged 2–18 years (n 2948) and adults aged >18 years (n 4878), 2011–2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.Results:Na intake from packaged foods was 1258 (se 21) mg for adults and 1215 (se 35) mg for children. Top-ten packaged food group sources contributed 67 % of Na intake. For adults and children, there was a decrease of 8·7 % (109 mg) and 8·0 % (97 mg), respectively, in Na intake if the top-ten sources reduced Na from the median to the 25th percentile. Although absolute reduction in intake varied between sociodemographic subgroups, significant differences were not observed.Conclusions:The study demonstrated that if Na reduction shifted the top-ten packaged food group sources of dietary Na intake from the median to 25th percentile, population Na intake would be reduced by 9 % in US adults and children. These findings will help inform the US government’s Na reduction targets, as well as policy makers’ understanding of differences in intake of critical sub-populations in the USA.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002696
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Determinants of early breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding
           in Colombia
    • Authors: Sheridan Finnie; Rafael Peréz-Escamilla, Gabriela Buccini
      Pages: 496 - 505
      Abstract: Objective:To identify modifiable risk factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Colombia.Design:Cross-sectional study from the 2010 Colombia nationally representative Demographic Health Survey (DHS). Studied exposures were categorized into five hierarchical blocks of increasing proximity to the outcomes: household, maternal, health systems, child, and early feeding characteristics. The two outcomes examined were delayed breastfeeding initiation among infants
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002180
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Intake of selected foods and beverages and serum uric acid levels in
           adults: ELSA-Brasil (2008–2010)
    • Authors: Michelle Timóteo da Silva; Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander Diniz, Carolina Gomes Coelho, Pedro Guatimosim Vidigal, Rosa Weiss Telles, Sandhi Maria Barreto
      Pages: 506 - 514
      Abstract: Objective:To investigate the association between the intake of selected food groups and beverages and serum uric acid (UA).Design:Cross-sectional study using the baseline data (2008–2010) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Food intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire with 114 items. Linear and logistic regressions investigated the associations between the daily intake of each food group (servings/d) and UA (mg/dl) and hyperuricemia (UA ≥ 6·8 mg/dl), respectively. All the analyses were adjusted for potential confounders, energy intake and all food groups.Setting:Teaching and research institutions from six Brazilians states.Subjects:The participants were 14 320 active and retired civil servants, aged 35–74 years.Results:Higher intake of dairy products was associated with lower serum UA levels in both sexes, with a statistical dose-response gradient. High meat intake was associated with high UA only in women, and high intake of organ meats, in men. Intake of fish and fruits, vegetables and legumes were not associated with serum UA. In men, moderate and high intake of alcoholic beverages, specifically beer and spirits, but not wine, increased UA. In women, only high intake of alcoholic beverages, specifically beer, was associated with increased serum UA. Similar associations were seen for hyperuricemia.Conclusions:Results suggest a potential beneficial role of dairy products consumption on UA levels. The association between alcohol intake and UA differed according to type of beverage and between sexes. Results reinforce the need to consider the whole diet in the analysis and to conduct sex stratified analysis.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002490
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Nineteen-year trends in fermented food consumption and sodium intake from
           fermented foods for Korean adults from 1998 to 2016
    • Authors: Sang Young Kim; Jeanne H Freeland-Graves, Hyun Ja Kim
      Pages: 515 - 524
      Abstract: Objective:Fermented foods such as kimchi are traditional foods in Korea and could provide beneficial health effects. However, fermented foods also contribute to increased Na intake since salt is added during the fermentation process. The present research aimed to examine trends in the consumption of fermented foods and Na intake over time by Korean adults, using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).Design:KNHANES is a cross-sectional survey; data from 1998 to 2016 were divided into seven groups from KNHANES I to VII.Setting:Demographic information on sex, age, education and income were collected. Assessment of fermented food and Na consumption was conducted via analysis of 24 h dietary recall data. Multivariate linear regressions and logistic regressions were performed to calculate the P for trends by applying strata, cluster and sampling weights by SAS PROC SURVEY.Participants:The target population was Korean adults, aged ≥19 years, who participated in a 24 h dietary recall. The total number was 76 199, with 32 324 men and 43 875 women.Results:A significant decline in fermented food consumption was observed from 1998 to 2016 in both men and women (P < 0·0001). Among fermented foods, kimchi consumption was greatly reduced while pickled vegetables consumption showed a marked increase. Similarly, Na intake from fermented foods declined significantly over time in both men and women (P < 0·0001).Conclusions:The consumption of fermented foods and Na intake from fermented foods by Korean adults decreased significantly over time from 1998 to 2016.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002994
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Disparities in food consumption between economically segregated urban
    • Authors: Mariana Souza Lopes; Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sharrelle Barber, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche
      Pages: 525 - 537
      Abstract: Objective:To examine associations between economic residential segregation and prevalence of healthy and unhealthy eating markers.Design:Cross-sectional. A stratified sample was selected in a three-stage process. Prevalence of eating markers and their 95 % CI were estimated according to economic residential segregation: high (most segregated); medium (integrated) and low (less segregated or integrated). Segregation was measured at the census tract and assessed using the Getis–Ord local $G_i^{\rm{\ast}}$ statistic based on the proportion of heads of household in a neighbourhood earning a monthly income of 0–3 minimum wages. Binary logistic regression using generalized estimating equations were used to model the associations.Setting:Belo Horizonte, Brazil.Participants:Adults (n 1301) residing in the geographical environment (178 census tracts) of ten units of the Brazilian primary-care service known as the Health Academy Program.Results:Of the 1301 participants, 27·7 % lived in highly segregated neighbourhoods, where prevalence of regular consumption of fruit was lower compared with more affluent areas (34·6 v. 53·2 %, respectively). Likewise, regular consumption of vegetables (70·1 v. 87·6 %), fish (23·6 v. 42·3 %) and replacement of lunch or dinner with snacks (0·8 v. 4·7 %) were lower in comparison to more affluent areas. In contrast, regular consumption of beans was higher (91·0 v. 79·5 %). The associations of high-segregated neighbourhood with consumption of vegetables (OR = 0·62; 95 % CI 0·39, 0·98) and beans (OR = 1·85; 95 % CI 1·07, 3·19) remained significant after adjustments.Conclusions:Economic residential segregation was associated with healthy eating markers even after adjustments for individual-level factors and perceived food environment.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019003501
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Comparison of anthropometric indicators to predict mortality in a
           population-based prospective study of children under 5 years in Niger
    • Authors: Kieran S O’Brien; Abdou Amza, Boubacar Kadri, Beido Nassirou, Sun Y Cotter, Nicole E Stoller, Sheila K West, Robin L Bailey, Travis C Porco, Jeremy D Keenan, Thomas M Lietman, Catherine E Oldenburg
      Pages: 538 - 543
      Abstract: Objective:In the present study, we aimed to compare anthropometric indicators as predictors of mortality in a community-based setting.Design:We conducted a population-based longitudinal study nested in a cluster-randomized trial. We assessed weight, height and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) on children 12 months after the trial began and used the trial’s annual census and monitoring visits to assess mortality over 2 years.Setting:Niger.Participants:Children aged 6–60 months during the study.Results:Of 1023 children included in the study at baseline, height-for-age Z-score, weight-for-age Z-score, weight-for-height Z-score and MUAC classified 777 (76·0 %), 630 (61·6 %), 131 (12·9 %) and eighty (7·8 %) children as moderately to severely malnourished, respectively. Over the 2-year study period, fifty-eight children (5·7 %) died. MUAC had the greatest AUC (0·68, 95 % CI 0·61, 0·75) and had the strongest association with mortality in this sample (hazard ratio = 2·21, 95 % CI 1·26, 3·89, P = 0·006).Conclusions:MUAC appears to be a better predictor of mortality than other anthropometric indicators in this community-based, high-malnutrition setting in Niger.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002520
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Adolescent food insecurity: the special case of Marshallese youth in
           north-west Arkansas, USA
    • Authors: Don E Willis; Kevin M Fitzpatrick
      Pages: 544 - 553
      Abstract: Objective:Food insecurity is not randomly dispersed throughout the population; rather, there are a number of risk and protective factors shaping both the prevalence and severity of food insecurity across households and sociodemographic populations. The present study examines some of these factors and the role that race and ethnicity among adolescent individuals in north-west Arkansas might play, paying specific attention to a subgroup of Pacific Islanders: the Marshallese.Design:The study uses cross-sectional survey data collected from a self-administered questionnaire of 10th–12th grade students.Setting:A city in north-west Arkansas, USA.Participants:The number of enrolled students in the selected high school at the time of the survey was 2148. Ten classrooms (116 students) were unable to participate at the time of the survey, making 2032 students eligible to be surveyed. Approximately 22% refused to participate and 105 students were absent from school, yielding a response rate of approximately 78% (n 1493).Results:Marshallese students had a higher prevalence of food insecurity than all other racial and ethnic groups in the study. After controlling for other sociodemographic, risk and protective factors, their odds of food insecurity remained significantly higher than both non-Hispanic White and Hispanic or Latinx students.Conclusions:Adolescent food insecurity among Marshallese students must be made sense of in relation to structural-level determinants that shape the distribution of vital resources such as food across racial, ethnic and foreign-born lines.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002647
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Predictors of engagement and outcome achievement in a behavioural
    • Authors: Kathleen J Porter; Jessica L Thomson, Jamie M Zoellner
      Pages: 554 - 563
      Abstract: Objective:To describe relationships among baseline characteristics, engagement indicators and outcomes for rural participants enrolled in SIPsmartER, a behavioural intervention targeting sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake.Design:A secondary data analysis. Bivariate analyses determined relationships among baseline characteristics (e.g. age, gender, race, education, income), engagement indicators (completion of 6-month health screening, class attendance, call completion) and SSB outcomes (SSB ounce reduction (i.e. US fluid ounces; 1 US fl. oz = 29·57 ml), reduced ≥12 ounces, achieved ≤8 ounce intake). Generalized linear models tested for significant effects of baseline characteristics on engagement indicators and of baseline characteristics and engagement indicators on SSB outcomes.Setting:South-west Virginia, USA, a rural, medically underserved region.Participants:Participants’ (n 155) mean age was 41 years; most were female (81 %), White (91 %) and earned ≤$US 20 000 per annum (61 %).Results:All final models were significant. Engagement models predicted 12–17 % of variance, with age being a significant predictor in all three models. SSB outcome models explained 5–70 % of variance. Number of classes attended was a significant predictor of SSB ounce reduction (β = −6·12, P < 0·01). Baseline SSB intake significantly predicted SSB ounce reduction (β = −0·90, P < 0·001) and achieved ≤8 ounce intake (β = 0·98, P < 0·05).Conclusions:The study identifies several participant baseline characteristics that may impact engagement in and outcomes from a community-based intervention targeting SSB intake. Findings suggest greater attendance of SIPsmartER classes is associated with greater reduction in overall SSB intake; yet engagement variables did not predict other outcomes. Findings will inform the future implementation of SIPsmartER and research studies of similar design and intent.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019003392
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
  • Commitment&rft.title=Public+Health+Nutrition&rft.issn=1368-9800&,+Rachel+Carey&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1368980019002003">The politics of voluntary self-regulation: insights from the development
           and promotion of the Australian Beverages Council’s Commitment
    • Authors: Jennifer Lacy-Nichols; Gyorgy Scrinis, Rachel Carey
      Pages: 564 - 575
      Abstract: Objective:To analyse the evolution of the soft drink industry’s use of self-regulation as a response to obesity and examine the motivations driving its development and the strategies used to promote it to policy makers.Design:We used a data set of industry documents published by the Australian Beverages Council (ABC) between 1998 and 2016. We analysed how the ABC voiced its political motivations about self-regulation and what internal nutrition policies it developed prior to its public launch of self-regulation. We also analysed two promotional strategies: funding research and writing policy submissions.Setting:Australia.Results:Between 1998 and 2006, the ABC shifted from a defensive strategy that denied the role of its products in obesity to more conciliatory strategy that emphasised the role of the soft drink industry in solutions to obesity. The ABC deliberately timed the launch of its self-regulation to coincide with an international public health congress. Following its launch, the ABC funded research demonstrating the efficacy of self-regulation and wrote submissions to government nutrition policies arguing that further regulation was unnecessary.Conclusions:The soft drink industry uses self-regulation to bolster its reputation and influence nutrition policy. Strategic timing plays a key role in the political influence of self-regulation.
      PubDate: 2020-02-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1368980019002003
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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