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Publisher: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences   (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 14 of 14 Journals sorted alphabetically
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Avicenna J. of Phytomedicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Iranian J. of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Iranian J. of Medical Physics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, h-index: 4)
Iranian J. of Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian J. of Otorhinolaryngology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.266, h-index: 4)
J. of Cardio-Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Evidence-based Care     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Midwifery and Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Nanomedicine J.     Open Access  
Reviews in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
  [SJR: 0.266]   [H-I: 4]   [0 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2251-7251 - ISSN (Online) 2251-726X
   Published by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Total Endoscopic Approach in Glomus Tympanicum Surgery

    • Abstract: Introduction: Glomus tympanicum (GT) is a benign primary tumor of the middle ear. The evolution of endoscopic ear surgery has allowed for an alternative approach to managing this vascular tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an endoscopic approach in GT surgery, and also to investigate its applicability and feasibility.   Materials and Methods: Prospectively, 13 class I and II patients, according to the Glasscock-Jackson glomus classification, were candidates for management via a transcanal endoscopic approach. Patients were categorized into three groups according to the location of the tumor in the middle ear. Group A consisted of patients with tumors located anteriorly while occupying the Eustachian tube. Group B were patients with tumors located on the promontory with entirely visible tumor borders. Patients in Group C had tumors that occupied the entire middle ear. Under specially designed flap elevation and hemostasis, the tumors were completely removed using an endoscopic technique.   Results: Based on the classification criteria, three patients fell into Group A (30%), six into Group B (46%), and three into Group C (23%). The principal chief complaint was pulsatile tinnitus that disappeared after surgery in most cases. Hearing status was mostly mixed hearing loss. No change was detected in bone conduction after surgery, but air conduction was improved in nine cases. No major complication or recurrence was observed over 30 months of follow up.   Conclusion: Improved exposure and access in the endoscopic transcanal approach to GT leads to safe, rapid, and reliable tumor removal, as well as allowing comfortable surgery for both the surgeon and most patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • A comparison between cold dissection tonsillectomy with harmonic scalpel

    • Abstract: Introduction: This study aimed to compare operation time, intraoperative bleeding and postoperative pain between cold dissection tonsillectomy and harmonic scalpel tonsillectomy.  Materials and Methods: In this single-blinded clinical trial, 32 patients aged 14–48 were enrolled. Each patient randomly underwent tonsillectomy using the harmonic scalpel on one side and cold dissection on the other side. Operation time and bleeding volume were measured during surgery. The pain intensity level on each side was recorded on the first and seventh postoperative days.  Results: The mean volume of intraoperative bleeding was 9.59 ml on the harmonic side and 74.38 ml on the cold dissection side; which represents a significantly lower amount on the harmonic side (P<0.001). The mean time of tonsillectomy was 427.63±196.32 s for the harmonic side and 711 271.88 s for the cold dissection side (P<0.001). The mean pain intensity level on the first postoperative day was 3.88 on the harmonic side and 6.19 on the cold dissection site (P<0.001).  Conclusion: Mean operation time, volume of bleeding and pain intensity level on the first postoperative day were all statistically lower on the harmonic side.    
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Pattern of Gustatory Impairment and Its Recovery after Head and Neck

    • Abstract: Introduction: Themajority of patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy frequently complain of changes in their taste perception, and other distressing symptoms affecting their quality of life. This study was undertaken to determine the pattern of gustatory impairment and its recovery in irradiated head and neck cancer patients in India.   Materials and Methods: Thirty patients undergoing radical head and neck irradiation were enrolled and assessed for the four basic taste quality (sweet, salt, sour and bitter) by a forced three-choice stimulus drop technique measuring their taste recognition thresholds at baseline, weekly during radiation therapy (RT) and every month for 6 months following completion of RT.   Results: The maximum taste loss for any taste quality developed after the third week of RT. Irrespective of the taste quality, the majority of patients developed their maximum taste loss in the fourth to sixth week. The maximum taste loss was highest (100%) for the bitter taste and least (40.7%) for the sweet taste. Taste recovery for sweet, salt and sour taste qualities started from the first month onwards, but not for bitter taste. All taste qualities were severely affected in patients with primary involvement of the oral cavity and oropharynx as compared with nasopharynx, hypopharynx and laryngeal tumors.   Conclusions: Taste dysfunction is a frequently ignored adverse effect of head and neck cancer treatment, seriously affecting the patient’s quality of life. Clinicians must make patients aware of this specific gustatory dysfunction and its pattern of recovery. Future efforts should be directed towards minimizing this dysfunction, specifically in tumors arising from the oral cavity and oropharynx.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Otologic Manifestations and Progression in Patients with Wegener’s
           granulomatosis: A Survey ...

    • Abstract: Introduction: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; also known as Wegener’s granulomatosis) is a primary systemic vasculitis involving the ear, nose and throat system (ENT) and lower respiratory tract. Because of the lack of knowledge regarding the clinical findings of GPA due to the limited number of studies, the current study was designed to investigate the prevalence and nature of the otology manifestations in the disease course.   Materials and Methods: In the current prospective study, patients with a diagnosis of GPA from 2012–2016 were included.  A definitive diagnosis was made based on the history, physical examination (otomicroscopy, Rinne and Weber test), audiometry, tympanometry, cytoplasmic and perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (C-ANCA and P-ANCA) investigations, and pathologic studies.   Results: Twenty-seven male and 28 female patients aged 41.6±15.3 years were enrolled. Ear involvement was found in 20 patients (36.3%), and the most prevalent symptom was loss of hearing followed by otalgia and tinnitus. Tinnitus improved in none of the patients. The most prevalent sign was otitis serous followed by mastoiditis and external otitis. The most important audiometry finding was sensorineural hearing loss. Pathological studies using pulmonary samples were more useful for diagnosis.   Conclusions: Precise clinical examination is crucial for the early diagnosis of GPA. Otological manifestations are common, especially loss of hearing and otitis serous, and can be the first sign of this disease. Early diagnosis can lead to better treatment of Wegener’s granulomatosis.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Controlled vs Spontaneous Ventilation for Bronchoscopy in Children with
           Tracheobronchial ...

    • Abstract: Introduction Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration is a common life-threatening condition in children. There are controversies in the management of this condition, including the type of ventilation during bronchoscopy.  This study aims to compare anesthesia with controlled ventilation versus spontaneous ventilation in rigid bronchoscopy in children with foreign body aspiration. Materials and Methods:Patients who were candidates for rigid bronchoscopy due to foreign body aspiration were randomly assigned to either anesthesia with spontaneous ventilation or controlled ventilation. End tidal CO2 (ETCO2), electrocardiogram (ECG), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SpO2), non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) and complications and accidents during the surgery and recovery were recorded for each patient. Surgeon comfort during the procedure was also evaluated for each patient. A 20% change in HR or NIBP was considered significant. SpO2 values under 90% are considered desaturation. Results: Fifty-one patients (31 male and 20 female) entered the study. The mean age was 26.76 months, ranging from 6 to 100 months. Choking and cough were present in 94% and 96.1% of the patients, respectively. Nuts were the most common foreign body (76.9%). The controlled ventilation group had significantly fewer complications, and surgeon comfort was significantly higher in this group. Oxygen desaturation was significantly more prevalent in the spontaneous ventilation group during laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (P<0.001).  Conclusion: Controlled ventilation has the potential to be used as an effective alternative option in anesthesia for patients with suspected foreign body aspiration.    
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Methylprednisolone Versus Dexamethasone for Control of Vertigo in Patients
           with Definite ...

    • Abstract: Introduction: Definite Meniere's diseaseis associated with two or more definitive periods of vertigo along with hearing loss, plus tinnitus or aural fullness or both. This study aimed to compare the effect of intratympanic dexamethasone and methylprednisolone on the functional-level scale of pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and class outcome measures of vertigo.  Materials and Methods: In this clinical study, 69 patients with definite Meniere's disease, referred to the tertiary otolaryngology center, were randomly assigned to two groups: 36 patients were treated with intratympanic dexamethasone (4mg/dl) and 33 patients were treated with intratympanic methylprednisolone (40mg/dl). Each group received three weekly injections. After a follow-up of 1 and 6 months, PTA changes and vertigo control were evaluated.  Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups with regard to control of vertigo (P=0.866, P=0.879 for 1 and 6 months post injection, respectively). PTA improvement was statistically significantly higher in the methylprednisolone group (P=0.006).  Conclusion: In summary, intratympanic corticosteroid is an effective treatment for Meniere's disease and can prevent other invasive treatments. Intratympanic methylprednisolone can improve hearing level to a greater extent than intratympanic dexamethasone, but the two groups were similarly beneficial in controlling vertigo. However, there was a trend toward a more sustained benefit with methylprednisolone.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Solitary Head and Neck Cysticercosis: A Series of Rare Cases

    • Abstract: Introduction: Cysticercosis is a disease which is caused by the infestation of the larvae Taenia solium, with humans acting as an intermediate host instead of a definitive host. Head and neck involvement including maxillofacial and oral involvement of cysticercosis is quite rare.  Case Report: We report a series of rare cases of cysticercosis of the head and neck region encountered in a tertiary hospital in Northern India with a brief review of literature and its diagnosis and management. The patients had undergone ultrasonography, FNAC and CT scan. All the cases were treated by Oral Albendazole tablets. The period of study was from August 2014 to August 2015. FNAC proved to be a highly effective way of diagnosis corroborated by imaging evidence. Treatment with albendazole was curative in all the cases.   Conclusions: Cytopathology has emerged as an excellent diagnostic modality for cysticercosis. Medical treatment with antihelminthics produces excellent results, as illustrated in our case, and can eliminate the need of surgery.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Retropharyngeal Space Schwannoma: A Rare Entity

    • Abstract: Introduction: Retropharyngeal space schwannomas are rare entities. About 20-45% of schwannomas occur in the head and neck region; however, they represent less than 1% of all head and neck tumors.  Case Report: We present the case of a 36-year-old woman complaining of dysphagia caused by a large schwannoma arising in the posterior pharyngeal wall with remarkable reduction of the oropharyngeal space. The tumor was resected through a combined transoral and cervicotomic transmandibular approach due to its dimension. No recurrence was observed after a two-year follow up.  This case represents the thirteenth case reported in international literature.  Conclusion: Preoperative settings for rare tumors such as retropharyngeal schwannomas should include radiological investigations and preoperative biopsy. In order to obtain a successful result in terms of radicality, a combined surgical approach may be necessary to completely control the extension of the lesion.      
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Missing Aspirated Impacted Denture Requiring Tracheotomy for Removal

    • Abstract: Introduction:                                                     Aspirated foreign bodies continue to present challenges to otorhinolaryngologists. Removal of impacted airway foreign bodies via conventional methods can at times pose difficulty. This may berelated to the location and type of foreign body, experience of the surgeon and anesthetist, and the availability of appropriate instruments. In adults, especially in edentulous patients, a swallowed denture usually gets lodged in the esophagus and entrance into the airway is uncommon.   Case Report:  We report a case of an uncommon foreign body (3-toothed artificial denture plate) impacted in the trachea of a 40-year-old male following an acute episode of an epileptic attack in which conventional methods of foreign body removal had failed. It was eventually removed via a direct laryngoscopy and tracheotomy technique.   Conclusion: This type of impaction of a large denture in the trachea is uncommon and late presentation after aspiration is even more rare. This unusual case of a foreign body in the airway is interesting due to its rarity, mode of entry, site of impaction, variable clinical presentation, and method of removal; and hence, prompted the authors to report this case.    
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
  • Xanthoma Disseminatum Presenting with Hoarseness

    • Abstract: Introduction: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare, benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic disorder with unknown etio-pathology. It manifests with multiple, grouped, red-brown to yellow papules and nodules involving the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs with a predilection for flexures and the face. Case Report:We report a patient who presented with disseminated xanthomatous papules and nodules involving the face, neck, trunk, axilla, groin, and oral cavity, along with hoarseness of voice. Video laryngoscopy revealed multiple yellowish nodules over the base of the tongue, vallecula, laryngeal surface of the epiglottis, ary-epiglottic folds, interarytenoid region, and subglottic region. Histopathology was suggestive of  xanthoma disseminatum and the patient was treated with tablet acitretin 25mg daily for three months without any response. Following this, the patient was prescribed tablet thalidomide 100 mg daily without any significant improvement at the end of two months. Conclusion:Xanthoma disseminatum is a very rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis that classically presents with cutaneous xanthomas, mucosal xanthomas, and diabetes insipidus. Hoarseness of voice due to lesions involving the larynx is a rare symptom. Because the disease has punctated, numerous relapses and causes morbidity to the patient, its multisystem manifestations have to be known. Therefore, xanthoma disseminatum has to be kept in mind as a differential  diagnosis for hoarseness of voice.  
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
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