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Publisher: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences   (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 14 of 14 Journals sorted alphabetically
Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Avicenna J. of Phytomedicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Iranian J. of Basic Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Iranian J. of Medical Physics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.138, h-index: 4)
Iranian J. of Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Iranian J. of Otorhinolaryngology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.266, h-index: 4)
J. of Cardio-Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Evidence-based Care     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Midwifery and Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Nanomedicine J.     Open Access  
Reviews in Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
  [SJR: 0.266]   [H-I: 4]   [0 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2251-7251 - ISSN (Online) 2251-726X
   Published by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Tonsillar Lymphoma in Children According to Age Group: A Systematic Review

    • Abstract: Introduction: Lymphoma is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck occurring during childhood. Early diagnosis is very important in terms of prognosis in patients with tonsillar lymphoma.Our objective was to evaluate the clinical manifestations of pediatric tonsillar lymphoma according to different age groups.  Materials and Methods: A systematic review of available English, Spanish, or Portuguese literature from January 1996 to June 2012 was performedin the BIREME, Cochrane, IBECS, Lilacs, PubMed/Medline, SCIELO, and Scopus databases, using “tonsillar lymphoma” and “children” as keywords. Inclusion criteria were pediatric case reports, patients aged up to 18 years, and information on clinical features at the time of diagnosis.  Results: Out of 87 identified publications, 13 articles were selected describing 53 patients. Tonsillar asymmetry was the most common sign. Snoring is a common sign in patients aged under 5 years; clinical lymphadenopathy is frequent among patients aged between 6 and 10 years; and dysphagia is a common sign in patients between 11 and 18 years of age. Burkitt’s lymphoma is the most common form among all ages studied, followed by B-cell lymphoma.  Conclusion: Clinical manifestations differ according to age group. However, tonsillar asymmetry is the most frequent sign regardless of age group.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Enhancing Working Memory Capacity in Persian Cochlear Implanted Children:
           A Clinical Trial Study

    • Abstract: Introduction: Sensory deprivations such as hearing impairment that affect sensory input have a secondary impact on cognitive functions such as working memory (WM). WM capacity is an important cognitive component that processes language-related activities. Moreover, several studies have shown a deficit in WM in children with a cochlear implant (CI). We aimed to assess the performance of children with CIs in pre- and post-training sessions and compare their scores on a battery of WM tests to investigate the efficacy of a WM training program.  Materials and Methods: Twenty-five children aged 7–10 years with a CI participated in this study. To train their WM, a computer game was used. In order to examine auditory WM, a test battery including standardized digit span (forward and backward variations), non-word and sentence repetition (subtest of the Test of Language Development–Primary) were assessed in pre- and post-training test sessions at Shiraz Implant Center.   Results: There were statistically significant differences between pre- and post-training test scores on all subtests. Test score differences were statistically significant for forward digit span (P=0.003), backward digit span (P=0.001), non-word repetition (P=0.001), and sentence repetition tasks (P=0.003) before and after training sessions.  Conclusion: Training may enhance WM capacity. With regards to the importance of WM in literacy and learning, it seems applying such intervention programs may be helpful in the rehabilitation of implanted children.    
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Effect of Early Vestibular Rehabilitation on Vertigo and Unsteadiness in
           Patients with Acute ...

    • Abstract: Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma.  Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: one group received medical therapy (Betaserc) and the other received rehabilitation and medical therapy. An individualized vestibular rehabilitation program was designed that was then revised and verified by a joint committee of vestibular rehabilitation groups. The effectiveness of interventions was measured using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) by comparing the results before and after therapy.  Results: The physical conditions and DHI scores of patients in both groups were similar at baseline. After 1 month of rehabilitation, patients receiving vestibular rehabilitation and medication showed greater progress than patients receiving medication only (P=0.000).  Conclusion: Vestibular rehabilitation can aid in the recovery from vertigo and increase the stability of head trauma patients. Simultaneous treatment with medicine and vestibular rehabilitation exercises can result in quicker and better therapeutic effects.    
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Islamic attitude and Rhinoplasty

    • Abstract: Introduction: Although the psychological aspects of rhinoplasty have been fully investigated in the medical literature, the religiosity of rhinoplasty candidates has not been taken into consideration.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the religious attitudes of 157 rhinoplasty candidates were compared with those of 74 subjects who had not requested rhinoplasty. A domestic validated reliable questionnaire was completed by all subjects to classify them with respect to religious attitude. Other factors such as age, sex and economic and educational status were also taken into consideration. From the surgeon’s perspective, subjects were put into three categories: subjects who had a relative indication for rhinoplasty (Category.1), subjects with a well-defined nose based on accepted standards of facial aesthetic analysis (Category.2) and finally subjects with a severely deformed nose, such as deviated nose or nasal cleft lip deformity (Category.3). Results: The mean age among subjects was 28.63 ± 7.05 years, and the majority were female (87%). The two groups of participants (those who did and did not express a desire for rhinoplasty) were analyzed from the point view of age, sex, economic and educational status. The economic and educational status of the two groups did not differ significantly (P>0.05). The religious score showed a significant difference between those who were interested in rhinoplasty (122.75±23.49) and those were not interested (138.78±21.85; P<0.001). Conclusion: Religion may affect a patient’s decision to undergo rhinoplasty surgery, such that persons with a higher religious attitude tend to undertake it less often. However, individuals with major nasal deformities tend to decide undertake the surgery, irrespective of religious beliefs.      
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Reliability of the
           Northwestern ...

    • Abstract: Introduction: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) require proper tools to detect dysphagia in the early stages. One of these screening tools is the Northwestern Dysphagia Patient Check Sheet (NDPCS). However, this tool needs to be adapted, validated, and shown to be reliable for the Persian culture. The aim of the present study was to report the validity and reliability of the Persian NDPCS (P-NDPCS).   Materials and Methods: The NDPCS has 28 items and five sections. Beaton’s guidelines were followed in terms of the translation process. To report the content validity index (CVI) and the content validity ratio (CVR), eight SLTs experienced in swallowing disorders examined the content and face validities of the P-NDPCS in terms of the quality of translation, fluency, understandability, and the cultural context. In total, 140 patients with neurogenic and mechanical dysphagia were evaluated using the P-NDPCS. Internal consistency reliability was investigated using the Kuder–Richardson formula 20. The interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for test-retest reliability.   Results: The P-NDPCS preserved the 28 items and the five categories of the original version. However, semantic and food adjustments were applied due to cultural differences. The scoring system was changed from safe/unsafe to yes/no for four subsections and to normal/abnormal for the oromotor section. Food requirements were also changed. The CVR and CVI were both 75%. The P-NDPCS was shown to have good content validity. The internal reliability was 0.95, indicating excellent reliability.   Conclusion: The equivalence between the original version of the NDPCS and the P-NDPCS was preserved. Our findings indicate that the P-NDPCSis a valid and reliable screening tool for the diagnosis of dysphagia in the early phase.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Results of Type I Tympanoplasty Using Fascia with or without Cartilage
           Reinforcement: 10 ...

    • Abstract: Introduction: There remains controversy about the optimal kind of graft to repair tympanic membrane. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical and auditory outcomes of type I tympanoplasty using fascia with or without cartilage reinforcement.   Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2005 to 2015. All cases were surgically treated by a single surgeon. We excluded cases in which the etiology of chronic otitis media was cholesteatoma. According to the use of cartilage reinforcement in the posterosuperior part of the graft, patients were divided into two groups, and the results of anatomical and auditory evaluation were compared between the two groups. The anatomical outcome was grafting success and the auditory outcome was improvement of air bone gap (ABG).   Results: A total of 320 patients were classified in Group A (tympanoplasty with fascia temporalis only) and 346 were in Group B (tympanoplasty with cartilage reinforcement). All patients were followed for at least 2 years. The overall success rate in the two groups was 91.6% and 93.4%, respectively (P=0.3). The most common cause of failure in the two groups was re-perforation (5.6% and 3.8%, respectively). The improvement of ABG in two groups was 18.5 dB and 3.2 dB, respectively. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001).   Conclusion: In patients with dry perforation of the tympanic membrane, the anatomical success with tympanoplasty with fascia only or with cartilage reinforcement was similar. However, hearing improvement in the fascia only group was greater than in the group undergoing cartilage reinforcement.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Malignant Melanoma of the External Auditory Canal:A Rare Entity

    • Abstract: Introduction: Although malignant melanomas (MM) are common in the head and neck region; primary malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) is rare.   Case Report: We present the case of a 50-year-old symptomatic man with a malignant melanoma of the external auditory canal, which clinically masqueraded as a haemangioma. The patient subsequently developed extensive loco-regional metastasis, requiring extensive surgery. We describe the clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, both clinical and pathological in terms of other pigmented lesions in the external auditory canal, detailed histopathology, and literature review.   Conclusion: We want to emphasize the importance of immediate and adequate biopsy of any pigmented lesion in the head and neck region to rule out  MM. Also, we emphasize the importance of deep biopsy for proper histopathological assessment in addition to distinguishing it from benign melanocytic nevi, in order to initiate treatment.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Sudden Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss Secondary to Cerebral Venous

    • Abstract: Introduction: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an important otological emergency. Up to 90% of the cases are idiopathic. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an extremely rare identifiable cause as it only represents 0.5% of all strokes.   Case Report: In this paper, an unusual case of bilateral SSNHL secondary to bilateral CVT with rapid and complete recovery is reported. The patient presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss associated with some neurological symptoms. Initial computed tomography (CT) venography revealed a CVT of bilateral transverse sinuses. The patient was started on an anticoagulant and imaging was repeated after five days, revealing the absence of the thrombosis. Serial pure tone audiometry (PTA) showed complete recovery of bilateral hearing within 10 days.   Conclusion: Early detection and intervention may fasten hearing recovery and improve the quality of life. The immediate restoration of venous blood flow and intracranial pressure may lead to the complete recovery of bilateral hearing loss.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Surgery and Anesthesia Management for Intraoral Synechia: A Case Report

    • Abstract: Introduction: Intraoral synechia is a rare congenital condition, generally associated with other maxillo-facial malformations. We present a neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies.   Case Report: In this paper, we present a 19-day-old male neonate with congenital intraoral bilateral synechia without any other facial anomalies. We review the literature to discuss the surgical andanesthesia management of this rare congenital disease.   Conclusion: The disease manifested with a wide spectrum of symptoms. Most cases need surgery and airway management. In patients with a low risk of bleeding or a compromised airway, it is possible to manage them withfacemask-inhalation anesthesia and maintain spontaneous breathing.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
  • Case Report of an open Neck Procedure Complication Associated with
           Laryngeal Mask Airway Use

    • Abstract: Introduction: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe method to establish airway control during general anaesthesia. In otolaryngology surgery, the use of a LMA is well established in ear surgery; however, the use of a LMA during open neck procedures remains controversial. We report a case in which the pharyngeal distortion by the LMA cuff resulted in an iatrogenic complication.   Case Report: A 38-year-old female with a background of multiple myeloma was referred to the otolaryngology team for an open cervical lymph node biopsy. The patient was in remission after a 2 year post chemotherapy treatment, but now presented with a 4-week history of persistent nodal enlargement. During the elective procedure, pharyngeal distortion from the laryngeal airway mask used for airway management resulted in an iatrogenic pharyngeal injury. This case is reported to highlight the importance of communication between the surgeon and anesthetist about the mode of airway management in open neck surgery.   Conclusion: Communication between the otolaryngologist and anesthetist is pertinent when selecting the method of airway management in open neck procedures. A LMA should be used with caution during open neck procedures, with the surgeon recognizing the potential for pharyngeal distortion.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:30:00 +010
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