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Publisher: Science and Education Publishing   (Total: 72 journals)

American J. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Cancer Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American J. of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American J. of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American J. of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Materials Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
American J. of Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American J. of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
American J. of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American J. of Microbiological Research     Open Access  
American J. of Modeling and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Nanomaterials     Open Access  
American J. of Numerical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American J. of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Zoological Research     Open Access  
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access  
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Celiac Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Econometrics and Financial Management     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Physics     Open Access  
Intl. Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access  
J. of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Biomedical Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
J. of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Cancer Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Computer Networks     Open Access  
J. of Computer Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Finance and Accounting     Open Access  
J. of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 11)
J. of Food Security     Open Access  
J. of Geosciences and Geomatics     Open Access  
J. of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access  
J. of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access  
J. of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access  
Sustainable Energy     Open Access  
Turkish J. of Analysis and Number Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access  
World J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access  
World J. of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
World J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access  
Journal Cover   American Journal of Educational Research
  [35 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2327-6126 - ISSN (Online) 2327-6150
   Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [72 journals]
  • Using Pattern of Internet and E-resources by the Students and Faculty
           Members of a Private University in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md. Maidul Islam; Umme Habiba
      Pages: 541 - 546
      Abstract: The main objective of this study is to find out the using pattern of internet and e-resources by the Eastern University (EU) students and faculty members. A printed version of the questionnaire was distributed in the respective students and faculty members of EU. To analyze the influence of demographic information on overall satisfaction on internet and e-resources simple frequency were carried out. The results showed that students and faculty members are generally satisfied with the current level of internet and e-resources. They identified limited number of titles, difficulty in finding information, limited access to computers and slow download speed as major constraints. These constraints do affect internet and e-resources use in a private university. However, these constraints are mainly related to the poor IT infrastructure and limited access to internet and e-resources, which may also lead to other constraints such as an unwillingness to use the internet and e-resources regularly and consequently low satisfaction with such resources.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Identifying Dimensions of Creative Thinking in Preschool Children during
           Implementation of Philosophy for Children (P4C) Program: A Directed
           Content Analysis

    • Authors: Yahya Ghaedi; Mona Mahdian, Fatemeh Khoshnavay Fomani
      Pages: 547 - 551
      Abstract: Background: fostering creativity thinking in children needs a program with focusing on process and let children expressing their own ideas and listening to others ideas as well challenging them and creating new ideas. To develop creativity in children teachers should be able to accept children uniqueness and their idea. Before children start the school, they need learning experiences to promote their cognitive, social, moral and emotional development and this lays the foundation for later success at school. One of the programs that developed for enhancing creative thinking alongside other thinking and social skills is philosophy for children (P4C).Implementing this program on school age children have shown effectiveness of P4C on creative thinking but little is known about this related to preschool children. Objectives: The aim of this study is identifying the elements of creativity thinking based on Torrance creative thinking framework during implementing P4C program for preschool children. Materials and Methods: A qualitative design with directed content analysis was conducted to explore four aspects of creative thinking during implementing P4C program. 6 healthy children five to six years old selected from one preschool in Tehran and P4C program conducted for 16 sessions. All of the sessions recorded and after each session all events of the recorded films were transcript. Torrance creative thinking aspects were the framework in this study and data and codes classified into these four elements and their definitions as main criterion. The codes emerged from data, compared to the main framework and if they matched with the definitions and evidences, they classified as a sub group of the themes. Results: All four aspects of creative thinking were seen in codes and categories. Even in first days of running the program there was a little evidence for creative thinking but gradually the related creativity codes emerged. Conclusion: according to finding implementation of P4C program helps preschool children to develop their creativity thinking. More investigation is needed to empower these results and answer to the questions about why and how this is happened.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Accuracy of Parameter Estimation and Concordance Method Based on Item
           Response Theory

    • Authors: Wardani Rahayu
      Pages: 552 - 555
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate estimation and concordance method’s accuracy parameter based on item response theory. Estimation method used were Joint Maximum Likelihood, Bayesian and Bayesian Modal; and concordance method used were mean and sigma method, and robust mean and sigma method with sample size of 500 and 800. Data source used was test of tryout of Senior High School year 2012. Hypothesis testing on comparative values of root mean square difference (RMSD) using one way anova and t test. The results were parameter estimation method of Joint Maximum Likelihood, Bayesian and Bayes Modal on two logistic model parameters that produced similar estimation result using sample size more than 500, robust mean and sigma method was more accurate than mean and sigma method.
      PubDate: 2015-04-16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Assessing In-Service Needs of Basic School Natural Science Teachers in New
           Juaben Municipality, Ghana

    • Authors: Ernest Ngman-Wara; Thomas Tachie Young, Sylvester Kosi Mawusi
      Pages: 556 - 563
      Abstract: This study investigated in-service needs of basic school Natural Science teachers in the New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The study was to ascertain the in-service needs of 234 Natural Science teachers across gender. A questionnaire was used to collect data on the teachers’ feedback on eight dimensions of science teachers’ needs: generic pedagogical knowledge and skills, knowledge and skills in science subjects, managing and delivering science instruction, diagnosing and evaluating students, planning science instruction, administering science instructional facilities and equipment, integration of multimedia technology and the use of English language in science instruction. Data were descriptively analyzed, followed by chi square analysis. Results of the descriptive analysis demonstrate that the topmost in-service needs of Natural Science teachers were the acquisition of knowledge and skills in science subjects, generic pedagogical knowledge and skills and planning of science instruction. The chi square analysis did not yield significant association between gender and science teachers’ needs in all dimensions except knowledge and skills in science subjects. It was recommended among others that in-service organisers need to assess the in-service needs of participants before providing INSET services.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Environmental Health Hazards and Rural Community Development in Abia State
           of Nigeria

    • Authors: MODEBELU M. N; DUVIE A. N.
      Pages: 564 - 569
      Abstract: The study assessed the influence of environmental hazards on the development of rural communities in Abia state. The population of the study was one thousand seven hundred and seventy-two (1,772) executive members in one hundred and seventy-five (175) Community Development Associations. A sample of five hundred and nine (509) executive members from seventy (70) Community Development Associations was drawn through proportionate stratified sampling technique. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Researchers’ self-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. It was face and content validated by two experts in Educational Administration and Educational Measurement/Evaluation from Abia State University, Uturu. The reliability of the instrument was pilot-tested on 25 executive members of Ayamele and Ifite-Ogwari Community Development Associations, both are Local Government Areas in Anambra State. Reliability coefficient of 0.88 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha estimate. Data from the research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. Also, the null hypotheses were tested for using t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed the influence of deforestation, agricultural development and industries and technology on the environment. The study therefore recommended among others that Abia State Government should organize seminars, workshop and conferences for Community Development Associations Executive Officers and other community leaders on the issues concerning environmental protection.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Effects of Dehumanizing Communication Reified in Higher Institutions of
           Learning: Issues and Suggestions

    • Authors: Modebelu Melody Ndidi
      Pages: 570 - 575
      Abstract: This paper examines the effects of dehumanizing communication reified in higher institutions of learning, among undergraduates and lecturers. Dehumanization is the act of degrading people with respect to their best qualities and denial of humanness to others. On the other hand communication is human interaction and learning. Communication becomes rude when it is deliberately directed resulting in dehumanizing communication. The paper therefore examines dehumanizing communication in terms of its being intentional and unintentional and dehumanizing communication between lecturers and students and among students. It also took a swipe on the effects of dehumanizing communication on students and lecturers as well as proffer solutions to mitigating effect of dehumanizing communication between lecturer and students and among students. The suggested solutions among others include, inter-group dialogue programme among contending groups in the student community, establishment of multicultural centers on campus in order to bring contending groups together i.e. lecturers and students of all races and ethnicity. A compulsory course on “pedagogy of positiveness” is also recommended in the university curriculum to instill in the students the value of respecting people who may be different.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Writing Professional Genres in a Second Language: Results from a Spanish
           University Clil Context

    • Authors: Maria Del Mar Sanchez Perez; Maria Sagrario Salaberri Ramiro
      Pages: 576 - 580
      Abstract: Bilingual educational programmes and projects have increased during the last few years and are currently being implemented in different Spanish universities through new teaching approaches such as CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) or EMI (English-Medium Instruction). Research conducted at university level reveal that university students often have difficulty in performing the cognitive and discursive operations involved in the comprehension and production of written texts. These difficulties aggravate when this written performance is conducted in a non-native language, which is being increasingly demanded to university students participating in CLIL programmes. In Higher Education, both lecturers and students belong to certain communities of knowledge and practice, thus the second language needs to be acquired considering the different genre types used in different subjects as products connected to particular fields of knowledge. The present study analyses the written production of a professional genre type by Engineering university students in a second language (English) at a Spanish university. Results show the relationship between their academic performance (content achievement) and their linguistic awareness of the genre produced in a second language, being the higher marked texts (in terms of content performance) those which show a better writing (language) performance. These differences are more remarkable at a textual and discourse level. Fewer differences between higher and lower-marked texts are found at a sentence level.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Entry-Level Biology Courses for Majors and Non-Majors: Performance and
           Assessment

    • Authors: Mamta Singh; Sandra West
      Pages: 581 - 587
      Abstract: The purpose of the study was to assess students’ performance in entry-level biology courses. The instruments used for this study were pre-post content knowledge tests to address two research questions: 1. Did students’ scores improve from pre-to post- tests and were there differences between cohort one and cohort two on the content knowledge test in Functional and Orgaismal Biology? 2. Did students correctly answer more questions at the three higher levels of Bloom’s taxonomy test from pre-to post-tests and were there differences in cohorts on the content knowledge in Functional Biology and Organismal Biology? The results indicated that students’ scores on the content knowledge tests increased from pre-to post- tests and the difference was statistically significant (P
      PubDate: 2015-04-21
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Global Oil Industry Conflict: An Apocalyptic End?

    • Authors: Beloveth Odochi Nwankwo
      Pages: 588 - 593
      Abstract: This study is aimed at analyzing the perennial global conflicts over oil resources. Oil has been branded a curse hence, most countries with the abundance oil natural resources has been faced with violent conflicts, either caused by oil or exacerbated by oil. Therefore, this study is determined to identify the attributes of oil that makes it conflict prone. Most importantly, the article would analyze from history to present day, how oil has contributed to conflict and genocide as well as providing practical examples of countries that have experienced oil warfare agony. After evaluating the impact of oil resources in terms of conflict, this study will provide recommendations on how this conflict can be resolved by the use of permanent measures, such as the provision of energy through other means apart from oil; in order to avoid oil causing a world apocalypse.
      PubDate: 2015-04-22
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Self-Evaluated Evidence-Based Medicine Skills Improve among Last Year
           Medical Student, within Nine Weeks, When Introducing a Blended EBM
           Teaching Approach

    • Authors: Daniel Novak; Már Tulinius
      Pages: 594 - 598
      Abstract: The practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) is important for medical students to master to optimize their future clinical decision-making and improve the quality of health care. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish final-year medical students’ self-evaluated EBM skills and to evaluate the effect of actively teaching EBM during a nine-week pediatric course. A control group (n=39) and an intervention group (n=44) consisted of last year medical students enrolled in a nine week pediatric course. Both groups only differed by the year of starting the studies: year 2012 vs year 2013. Students anonymously self-evaluated their EBM skills at the beginning and at the end of the course. The intervention consisted of blended EBM teaching by medical teachers in both class room and clinical settings. The control group did not receive an intervention. The participation rate in the intervention group was 91% (40/44) and in the control group 75% (29/39). Students’ overall baseline EBM skills score was 5.1 (on a scale of 10) in the intervention group and 5.5 in the control group. After the intervention, searching for EBM increased by 1.45 (95% CI: 0.78–2.11), critically appraising EBM increased by 1.51 (95% CI: 0.88–2.15), and applying EBM in patient care increased by 2.08 (95% CI: 1.46–2.70). The findings show that many final-year Swedish medical students rate their own EBM skills as low. However, it is possible with a small investment of time from the medical teacher during a nine-week pediatric course to significantly improve students’ self-evaluated EBM skills.
      PubDate: 2015-04-22
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Leading as Fugitives: the Case of Militant Groups in Nigeria’s Oil
           Producing Communities

    • Authors: Beloveth Odochi Nwankwo
      Pages: 599 - 603
      Abstract: The activities of militia leaders made the region the hot spot of resource based violence in Nigeria and Africa. It has been observed that militant groups and their leaders in Nigeria’s oil producing states have gained prominence in recent times as there is hardly any week that their affairs are not discussed or reported in the polity. With emphasis on the context and objectives of militancy, the paper identifies the modus operandi of militia leaders in the Niger Delta. The article made use of secondary sources relevant to the topic and media reports on the situation in oil producing communities. The article maintains that the main reason militia leaders live like fugitives are to protect their goals from being endangered and also to evade possible arrest by the federal government. It would do the country more good to discover the sources of militancy, why people wake up and form militia groups.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Improving Design Performance of Students in Interior Architecture
           Undergraduate Education

    • Authors: Deniz Ayşe Yazıcıoğlu
      Pages: 604 - 609
      Abstract: Considering the developing conditions in interior architecture undergraduate education and inevitability of performing restructuring works to this end is a reality expressed also in the literature. "Performance-based design" is one of the key concepts in this approach. When the works as to interior design project performance are examined it can be observed that conducting assessments of user recognition correctly and fully at the preliminary stage of project is an important component affecting the design performance. This is because the success of interior space design is measured by considering to what extent the requirements of the users are met. In this context, the purpose of this study has been designated as the creation of documents the students will benefit from while determining user requirements at the preliminary stage of the project within the purview of "Interior Architecture Design Studio" courses within the interior design undergraduate education. The scope of the study is limited to only residential interior design projects with an eye to reach a more elaborate result. Literature and practical application resources were researched to determine the documents utilized for recognizing the users in residential interior design as methodology at the first stage in line with the scope and purpose defined. Subsequently, all the documents obtained were examined by making comparisons in a systematic manner and the shortcomings of the cited documents were revealed. And in the final stage, suggestions were made with a view to overcome these shortcomings. It will be possible to determine user requirements more accurately through utilization of documents created in line with suggestions to be made within the purview of the study at the preliminary stage of residential interior design projects by interior architecture undergraduate students and this will increase the students' success as to designing significantly.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Developing a Conceptual Framework for Considering the Complexities of
           Professional Learning and Development in the Secondary School Context

    • Authors: Camilla Highfield; Jenny Robertson
      Pages: 610 - 618
      Abstract: This paper discusses the development of a conceptual framework for scoping, provisioning and reporting the complexities of in-service Professional Learning and Development (PLD) in the New Zealand secondary school sector with a focus on middle leaders. Government-funded PLD in the New Zealand context is a research and evidence-based service provided to schools in response to high-level government policy. These PLD contracts aim to address inequalities for young people by enhancing the quality and effectiveness of leadership and teaching practices which result in increased student achievement, especially for priority students and those from minority backgrounds. The rationale for developing a conceptual framework for understanding government-funded, externally provided professional learning and development will be discussed. Recommendations for policy makers and researchers on the complex ways research evidence and policy come together in the delivery of in-service PLD for leaders and teachers in schools will be highlighted and opportunities for improvement examined.
      PubDate: 2015-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
  • Improving Accuracy of Educational Research Conclusions by Using Lisrel

    • Authors: Awaluddin Tjalla
      Pages: 619 - 623
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper are (1) to propose applying a technique of data analysis of educational variables using LISREL, (2) to construct variables including in the research model. The other benefit of this technique compared to the conventional analysis model are: (1) faulty estimate on variables relation caused by measurement error can be corrected and (2) statistical test on whether or not a theoritical model describing relation structure between variables can be carried out. The other benefit is that fit between theoritical model and data can be tested. The use of LISREL technique to analyze variable data for education is a must. Sharpness and accuracy in predicting the variables which are considered to have influence on variables can be obtained. On the contrary, measurement error which takes place from relation between research variables can be explained. Accordingly, this analysis technique is considered “comprehensive” to improve accuracy of conclusion generalization in the field of educational research which currently undergoes more complex problem.
      PubDate: 2015-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 5 (2015)
       
 
 
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