American Journal of Educational Research    [18 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2327-6126 - ISSN (Online) 2327-6150
     Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [19 journals]
  • Detection of Communicative Behavior Patterns AMONG College Students during
           Lab Practice
    • Authors: Edgardo Ruiz Carrillo
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: The aim of this work is to detect the existence of communicative interaction patterns from the conversations among Biology students during lab practice. Observational methodology was used by creating a category system as an observation tool, and continuing with a process of re-categorization. A total of six sessions were observed and each one last one hour. It was used a software called SDIS-GSEQfor the inter-sessional sequential analysis. The results highlight that it is important for the students the use of question-answer (IAE) in its different modalities: in probability of occurrence, first are the categories of Persuading and Proposing, the next significant sequential probabilities are: Evaluating, Confirming, and Confusing; followed in sequential occurrence order by: Arguing, Classifying, Correcting, Clarifying, and Suggesting and lasting in sequential inhibitory occurrence are: Creating an opinion, Directing, and Evaluating. These are the particular ways in which students encourage their participation during laboratory practice, opening their minds to their classmates’ feedback, which invites them to revalue their initial questions and answers and encourages new discussion topics and increase learning opportunities.
      PubDate: 2014-01-05
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • A Critical Overview of Designing and Conducting Focus Group Interviews in
           Applied Linguistics Research
    • Authors: Fawzi Al Ghazali
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: This paper explored the processes of carrying out, analysing, and reporting qualitative focus group interviews in research pertaining to applied linguistics and language-related disciplines. Interviews are normally used as retrospective tools to elaborate the responses of informants in quantitative surveys with no role for exploring new aspects of beliefs and attitudes that are not included in a survey. This paper hypothesises that interviews have different natures and they can be used as preliminary research tools for exploring new areas of students’ beliefs and linguistic background and meanwhile can assist in devising questionnaire items for subsequent wider use. This non-positivist perspective reduces the role of the researcher in directing the pathway of intended research and allows the informants the opportunity to be the primary sources that feed the questionnaire with their ideas. The research reported in this paper is a part of a large-scale study which investigates students’ beliefs about autonomy in learning English language. Focus group interviews are applied to understand aspects of autonomy as represented by students, and to feed a questionnaire with ample ideas for devising its items. This movement allows for investigating students’ beliefs from an emic view; that is from the insiders’ themselves. Summarising the key features of implementing focus group interviews, the significance of this paper resides in making the complex process of carrying out focus group interviews accessible to all researchers. Gradually, it shows how the principles and conventions of qualitative research are realised in applied linguistics. At a deeper level, it discusses how ethical and validity measures are maintained and the optimal ways of analysing the given data. This paper proposes that interviews can be used as an independent research tool as they represent different settings and can enhance research with new perspectives which a closed-ended questionnaire may not reveal.
      PubDate: 2014-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • College Students’ Perceptions of Relations with Parents and Academic
           Performance
    • Authors: Kerry A. Schwanz; Linda J. Palm, Crystal R. Hill-Chapman, Samuel F. Broughton
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: The relationship between parent relations and college students’ academic performance was examined in two studies using samples of students enrolled in two southeastern liberal arts universities (N = 466). T scores on the Relations with Parents subscale on the college version of the Behavior Assessment System for Children-2 served as the measure of student perception of parent relations and academic performance was measured using official university GPA and probation/suspension data. Results for the first study indicated a significant positive correlation between parent relations scores and GPAs. Additionally a significant negative correlation was found between parent relations scores and probation/suspension status. When gender differences were examined, parent relations scores accounted for more variance in academic performance for women than men. Systematic replication of the study at a nearby liberal arts university produced findings congruent with the initial investigation. Implications for college personnel who work with academically at- risk students are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-01-06
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Planning Techniques Needed to Improve the Teaching and Learning of Basic
           Technology in the Junior Secondary Schools in Nigeria
    • Authors: Nicholas Ogbonna Onele
      Pages: 23 - 28
      Abstract: This study on the workshop planning techniques needed to improve the teaching and learning of basic technology in Nigeria adopted a survey research design. A sample of 861 respondents was selected for the study. A structured questionnaire consisting of 25 items was developed and used for data collection. The Pearson- Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument. The data collected were analyzed using Mean statistic in order to answer the research question posed for this study, while Analysis of Variance was used to test the null hypothesis at a 0.05 degree of significance. Based on the data analyzed, it was found from the study that twenty four workshop planning techniques are needed. There was no significant difference in the mean responses of the school administrators, basic technology teachers and the basic technology workshop staff on the planning techniques needed for the teaching and learning of basic technology in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-01-14
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • The Religious Ethics Impact as Evaluative Element of Culture on the
           Personality Development of the Future Teacher: The Person Measurement
           Approach
    • Authors: L. Moskalyova; S. Gurov, T. Gurova
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Personality measuring today becomes popular as it is a civilization marker for modern cultural and educational changes in society. Theoretical and methodological foundations of measuring the personality are laid in the present study as the leading principle of humanitarian studies. Human measuring approach in modern understanding is presented as a product of neoclassical science. There are shown major human systems, which are directly influenced by the religious ethics.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2013)
       
 
 
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