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Publisher: Science and Education Publishing   (Total: 72 journals)

American J. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Cancer Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American J. of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
American J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American J. of Information Systems     Open Access  
American J. of Materials Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
American J. of Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access  
American J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American J. of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
American J. of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Microbiological Research     Open Access  
American J. of Modeling and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Nanomaterials     Open Access  
American J. of Numerical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American J. of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Zoological Research     Open Access  
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access  
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Celiac Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Econometrics and Financial Management     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Physics     Open Access  
Intl. Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access  
J. of Automation and Control     Open Access  
J. of Biomedical Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
J. of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Cancer Research and Treatment     Open Access  
J. of Computer Networks     Open Access  
J. of Computer Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access  
J. of Finance and Accounting     Open Access  
J. of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access  
J. of Food Security     Open Access  
J. of Geosciences and Geomatics     Open Access  
J. of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access  
J. of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access  
J. of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering     Open Access  
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access  
Sustainable Energy     Open Access  
Turkish J. of Analysis and Number Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access  
World J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access  
World J. of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
World J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access  
Journal Cover   American Journal of Medical and Biological Research
  [5 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2328-4080 - ISSN (Online) 2328-4099
   Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [72 journals]
  • The Immunomodulatory, Antimicrobial and Bactericidal Efficacy of Commonly
           Used Commercial Household Disinfectants, Sterilizers and Antiseptics in
           Vitro: Laboratory Assessment of Anti-Inflammatory Infection Control
           Mechanisms and Comparative Biochemical Analysis of the Microbial Growth of
           Gram-Negative Bacteria

    • Authors: Niveen M. Masri; Lama B. Hanbali, John J. Haddad
      Pages: 1 - 32
      Abstract: Background: Immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory and microbial infection control strategies characterize the spiral evolution of public awareness of health safety issues. This is substantiated with burgeoning number of cases of microbial contamination and/or infection in myriad healthcare settings, at the hospital, and even at home. Previously, we have investigated and identified laboratory parameters in the assessment of the antimicrobial effects of a myriad of commercial disinfectants on the growth of pathogenic and saprophytic gram-positive bacteria. The present sequel study investigates the antimicrobial/bactericidal effects of commercially available disinfectants, sterilizers, antiseptics, and chlorhexidine-containing detergents on the growth of saprophytic and pathogenic gram-negative bacteria in vitro. It is an unprecedented wide canopy enveloping standardized comparative assessments of the antimicrobial efficiency of consumer-targeted household detergents, curbing and containing microbial infection, inflammation and contamination propensity. Methods: Given the medical significance and impact of public infection control, we have meticulously examined at least 22 different detergents categorized into four classes (each category comprises a variety of commercially available products commonly used by the public): i) Class A – Daily Mouthwash; ii) Class B – Toilet Bowl Cleaners/Bleaches/Sanitizers; iii) Class C – Surface and Floor Mopping Cleaners/Detergents; and iv) Class D – Hand and Body Wash Gels. Whilst the canonical menu of active ingredients varies among those aforementioned classes, antimicrobial components are well established. Results: Regarding Class A, the most effective against Citrobacter koseri is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Enterobacter cloacae is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Escherichia coli is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Escherichia coli ESBL is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Klebsiella pneumoniae is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Proteus vulgaris is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; Pseudomonas aeruginosa is ‘Perio.Kin Chlorhexidina 0.20 %’; Salmonella typhimurium is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’; and Shigella sonnei is ‘Colgate Plax Mouthwash’. Regarding Class B, the most effective against C. koseri is ‘Harpic Power Plus Disinfectant’; E. cloacae is ‘WC Net Bleach Gel’; E. coli is ‘WC Net Bleach Gel’; E. coli ESBL is ‘WC Net Bleach Gel’; K. pneumoniae are ‘WC Net Bleach Gel’ and ‘Harpic Power Plus Disinfectant’; P. vulgaris is ‘Spartan Max WC Lavender’; P. aeruginosa is ‘WC Net Bleach Gel’; S. typhimurium is ‘Clorox Bleach Rain Clean’; and S. sonnei is ‘Harpic Power Plus Disinfectant’. Regarding Class C, the most effective against C. koseri is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; E. cloacae is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; E. coli is ‘Vim Cream Multipurpose Fast Rinsing’; E. coli ESBL is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; K. pneumoniae is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; P. vulgaris is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; P. aeruginosa is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; S. typhimurium is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’; and S. sonnei is ‘Dettol Antiseptic/Disinfectant’. Regarding Class D, the most effective against C. koseri, E. cloacae, E. coli, E. coli ESBL, K. pneumoniae, P. vulgaris, P. aeruginosa, S. typhimurium, and S. sonnei is unprecedentedly the ‘HiGeen Hand and Body Wash Gel’.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2015)
       
 
 
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