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Publisher: Science and Education Publishing   (Total: 72 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 72 of 72 Journals sorted alphabetically
American J. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American J. of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
American J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Cancer Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American J. of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
American J. of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
American J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American J. of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American J. of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
American J. of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American J. of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American J. of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Materials Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
American J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American J. of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Microbiological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Modeling and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Nanomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American J. of Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American J. of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
American J. of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Zoological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Intl. J. of Celiac Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Econometrics and Financial Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Intl. Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Automation and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Biomedical Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Computer Networks     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Computer Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Finance and Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
J. of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Geosciences and Geomatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Turkish J. of Analysis and Number Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
World J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World J. of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World J. of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal Cover
American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Number of Followers: 26  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2328-4056 - ISSN (Online) 2328-4064
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [72 journals]
  • Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Escherichia coli Isolated from
           Olive Baboon (Papio anubis) Gut

    • Authors: Waititu Kenneth Kariuki; Kimang’a Andrew Nyerere, Kariuki Samuel, Obiero Jael Apondi
      Pages: 38 - 45
      Abstract: Background: Antimicrobial resistance is widely acknowledged as a global health problem that has resulted in devastating emerging and re-emerging conditions which are difficult to manage due to limited or unavailable intervention options. It is deepened by the fact that genes encoding for antimicrobial resistance can be transferred horizontally by mobile genetic elements. Escherichia coli is primarily a gut microbial flora in warm-blooded animals including non-human primates that can acquire any of these gene elements from other resistant bacterial strains resulting in their transmission between humans and animals. This study aimed to determine antimicrobial susceptibility of E. coli against commonly used agents as well as production of extended spectrum β-lactamases. Methods: E. coli was isolated from stool samples that were collected from sixty-two captive and sixty-two wild baboons using culture-based methods. The isolates were subjected to fourteen antimicrobial agents followed by characterization of three putative resistance genes; blaCTX-M, blaTEM and blaSHV using polymerase chain reaction. Results: E. coli isolates from both groups of animals were resistant to all antimicrobial agents except Ciprofloxacin. Prevalence of Ampicillin resistance was high in E. coli isolated from both captive (32.3%) and wild (35.5%) baboons. There was higher prevalence of ESBLs in E. coli isolated from wild (17.7%) than captive (14.5%) baboons. Conclusion: As reservoirs of ESBL producing E. coli type, baboons could play a potential role in antibiotic resistant plasmids transmission to the environment and other animals including humans.
      PubDate: 2018-08-21
      DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-6-2-1
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Rare Case of Chronic Diarrhoea in an Immunocompetent Host

    • Authors: Ujwal Gajula; M.S. Revathy, Ashok Parameshwaran
      Pages: 46 - 50
      Abstract: Chronic diarrhoea is one of the common presenting symptoms of patients attending gastroenterology clinics. Cyclosporacayetanensis is a protozoan parasite causing intestinal infections. Most of these infections are self-limiting in immunocompetent individuals. However prolonged course of infection is often observed in immunocompromised individuals and rarely in normal individuals. In our case report, 50-year-old patient from west Bengal, India presented with chronic small bowel type of diarrhoea with significant weight loss. Serology for HIV was negative. Endoscopic biopsy from duodenum showed villous atrophy and crypt hyperplasia mimicking sprue with presence of oval round structures within parasitophorous vacuoles located in the supra nuclear cytoplasm of enterocytes, consistent with cyclospora infestation. Same biopsy also showed CMV inclusion bodies in the background. He was managed with oral Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for cyclospora and valganciclovir for CMV. Conclusion: Mixed infection of cyclospora and cytomegalovirus presenting as chronic diarrhoea was rarely reported in an immunocompetent individual. Duodenal biopsy may help in differentiating parasitic infections from tropical sprue by demonstrating various forms of pathogens in histology.
      PubDate: 2018-08-29
      DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-6-2-2
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Identification and Molecular Characterization of Alpha Papillomavirus from
           Male Olive Baboons (Papio anubis) Maintained in a Captive Colony

    • Authors: Rose Kavurani; Johnson Kinyua, Atunga Nyachieo, Daniel Chai
      Pages: 51 - 56
      Abstract: Papillomaviruses (PVs) are ubiquitous highly diverse group of circular double stranded DNA viruses. Nearly all the human papillomavirus (HPVs) that cause cancer are clustered in Alphapapillomavirus (αPV) genera and have a common ancestor. The aim of the study was to isolate and perform molecular characterization of alphapapilloma virus from male olive baboons (Papio anubis) that are maintained in a captive colony at the Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi, Kenya and establish their evolutionary relationship with known strains responsible for various species causing cervical cancer in human. Twenty (n=20) different genital swabs from sexually active male olive baboons were collected. Positive samples for αPV by nested PCR were 9/20 (45%). The nested PCR primers targeted a conserved region of L1 major capsid gene and aided in generating amplicons of 134bp. Only three amplicons with good quality bands (1C, 2C, and 4C) were further sequenced and analysed using MEGA X, Clustal W algorithm and DnaSP 5.10.01 software. Phylogenetic analysis through Neighbour-joining method indicated a close evolutionary relationship between subtype 2C and Human papillomavirus (AB745694) which is associated with human cervical cancer. Subtype 2C was found to be more close to 1C than 4C and other sequences of JF304764, EU490515, EF558839, AB745694, FJ598133 as well as EF591300 blasted from NCBI and treated as outgroup. On analysis of genetic diversity using DnaSP software, sequences of subtype 2C and 4C were found to harbour synonymous SNPs at position four and eight respectively hence indicating that the region is more conserved. Male olive baboon harbor αPV and may be a good model for study of the pathogenesis of HPV and also for testing therapeutic agents that target αPVs in both humans and non-human primates.
      PubDate: 2018-09-11
      DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-6-2-3
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Comparison Studies of GENXPERT versus MGIT Culture of Bronchial Lavage in
           Sputum Smear Negative Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    • Authors: Abhay Uppe; Arti Sharma, Sayli Sawant, Deepak Gupta, Girija Nair
      Pages: 57 - 61
      Abstract: Introduction: Xpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, USA) is an automated real-time PCR system that simultaneously detects TB and resistance to rifampicin. The test has excellent accuracy when performed on sputum and is endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the USA Federal Drug Administration. Aims: To measure the diagnostic yield of bronchoalveolar lavage gene Xpert and compare it with traditional mycobacterial cultures in smear-negative and sputum-scarce pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: A prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in India was conducted. A total of 200 patients who were 18 years or older under evaluation for clinico‐radiological features of PTB with a history of a cough>2 weeks and a chest X‐ray with pulmonary parenchymal involvement were recruited after ensuring two consecutive sputum negative smears or inability to produce adequate sputum. A volume of one ml of BAL sample was used to detect mycobacterium tuberculosis by the G4 version of Xpert® MTB/RIF (Cepheid, USA) and by traditional mycobacterial cultures. cartridges without initial decontamination or centrifugation. Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were calculated with 95% class intervals (CIs). McNemar’s test was used for comparison of sensitivities. Result: The results showed that the AFB smear test had 76.83% (95% CI: 66.20-85.44) sensitivity, 100.0% (95% CI: 96.92-100.0) specificity with 100.% PPV and 86.13% (95%CI: 80.72-90.21) NPV compared to culture report. The Gene Xpert test had better sensitivity 84.15% (95% CI: 74.42-91.28) and good specificity 97.52% (95% CI: 92.75-99.47) with 97.52% (95% CI: 92.75-99.47) PPV and 89.84% (95% CI: 84.30-93.58) NPV compared to AFB smear test. The Gene Xpert test to detect resistance against culture report had 89.47% (95% CI: 66.86-98.70) sensitivity, 90.61% (95% CI: 85.39-94.43) specificity with 50.0% (95% CI: 38.27-61.73) PPV and 98.90% (95% CI: 95.67-99.67) NPV. Conclusion: Xpert MTB/RIF has high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of both smear positive and smear negative PTB cases with high rates of detection of RIF resistance and greater concordance with gene sequencing for RIF resistance when com- pared with culture.
      PubDate: 2018-10-12
      DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-6-2-4
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Optimising a Fusarium solani Biofilm Formation Protocol in Vitro

    • Authors: Marwan Y. Al-Maqtoofi
      Pages: 62 - 65
      Abstract: Opportunistic fungi belonging to the Fusarium solani have become increasingly recognised as life-threatening pathogens causing keratitis and disseminated fusariosis among both healthy individuals and patients with haematological malignancies. These infections are associated with biofilm formation on different biotic and abiotic surfaces. Considering, a biofilm is a virulence factor for causing infections, the aim of this study optimising and illustrating a simple, cost-effective and highly reproducible 96 well microtitre-based method for F. solani biofilm formation via using crystal violet stain. The results revealed that the possibility of using either 570nm or 595nm as a wavelength for quantifying fungal biofilm formation. The best time for crystal violet de-staining was 10 min of incubation. This model can be used in-vitro to quantify and understand the virulence factor of fungal biofilm during infections, and for antifungal susceptibility testing.
      PubDate: 2018-10-16
      DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-6-2-5
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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