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Publisher: Science and Education Publishing   (Total: 72 journals)

American J. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access  
American J. of Applied Psychology     Open Access  
American J. of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Cancer Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American J. of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American J. of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American J. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American J. of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American J. of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American J. of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease     Open Access  
American J. of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American J. of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American J. of Information Systems     Open Access  
American J. of Materials Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
American J. of Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access  
American J. of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access  
American J. of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American J. of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American J. of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
American J. of Medicine Studies     Open Access  
American J. of Microbiological Research     Open Access  
American J. of Modeling and Optimization     Open Access  
American J. of Nanomaterials     Open Access  
American J. of Numerical Analysis     Open Access  
American J. of Pharmacological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American J. of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American J. of Rural Development     Open Access  
American J. of Sensor Technology     Open Access  
American J. of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access  
American J. of Water Resources     Open Access  
American J. of Zoological Research     Open Access  
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Automatic Control and Information Sciences     Open Access  
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Celiac Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Dental Sciences and Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Econometrics and Financial Management     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Physics     Open Access  
Intl. Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access  
J. of Automation and Control     Open Access  
J. of Biomedical Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
J. of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Cancer Research and Treatment     Open Access  
J. of Computer Networks     Open Access  
J. of Computer Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access  
J. of Finance and Accounting     Open Access  
J. of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access  
J. of Food Security     Open Access  
J. of Geosciences and Geomatics     Open Access  
J. of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access  
J. of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access  
J. of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access  
J. of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access  
Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering     Open Access  
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research     Open Access  
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access  
Sustainable Energy     Open Access  
Turkish J. of Analysis and Number Theory     Open Access  
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access  
World J. of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
World J. of Analytical Chemistry     Open Access  
World J. of Chemical Education     Open Access  
World J. of Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
World J. of Organic Chemistry     Open Access  
Journal Cover American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
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     ISSN (Print) 2328-4056 - ISSN (Online) 2328-4064
     Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [72 journals]
  • Antibiotics Resistance of Bacteria Associated with Pneumonia in HIV/AIDS
           Patients in Nigeria

    • Authors: Ojo- Bola. O; Oluyege A.O
      Pages: 138 - 144
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the antimicrobial resistance of bacteria associated with pneumonia in HIV/AIDS and HIV negative patients attending Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State. A total of 300 sputum samples were collected (180 from HIV/AIDS patients and 120 samples from HIV negative patients diagnosed for pneumonia) and were selected by random sampling. The sputum samples were collected and examined for bacteria using microscopic, cultural and biochemical characteristics. Antibiogram was carried out by disc diffusion method. Results showed that male subjects with HIV/AIDS were more susceptible to infection by bacteria associated with pneumonia than females. The age group of 31-40 years and 71-80 years had the highest occurrence of bacterial pneumonia in HIV/AIDS and HIV negative populations respectively. The prevalence of pneumonia in HIV/AIDS and HIV negative patients was 55.6% and 43.3% respectively. A variety of bacteria was isolated in both populations with Escherichia coli (40%) predominating in HIV/AIDS patients followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (35%), S. aureus (20%) and the least was Klebsiella pneumoniae (5%). K. pneumoniae (44.2%) was the predominant bacterium in HIV-negative patients, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (30.8%) and S. aureus (25.0%) These bacterial isolates were tested for resistance to twenty antibiotics prescribed in hospitals. However, resistance to antibiotics ranged between 52.5% to 100% in HIV/AIDS patients and 18.8% to 84.6% in HIV negative patients. Multiple antibiotic resistance to nine classes of these twenty antibiotics was observed in 53.0% and 19.2% of all organisms isolated from HIV/AIDS group and HIV negative patients respectively. However, the variation in the profile of bacterial organism isolated in both populations was statistically significant; suggesting that immune status of HIV/AIDS patients predisposed them to infection by some of the bacteria.
      PubDate: 2014-11-20
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 6 (2014)
       
 
 
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