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Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers   (Total: 229 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 229 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.228, CiteScore: 0)
African J. of Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
African Yearbook of Intl. Law Online : Annuaire Africain de droit international Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Al-Bayan : J. of Qur’an and Hadith Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.692, CiteScore: 1)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Animal Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 1)
Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze     Hybrid Journal  
Annali Sezione Orientale     Hybrid Journal  
Arab Law Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Arabica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
Aramaic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.246, CiteScore: 1)
Aries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 0)
Art & Perception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.463, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific J. on Human Rights and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.104, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Ocean Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.141, CiteScore: 0)
Asian Review of World Histories     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asiascape : Digital Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Review of Intl. and European Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avant-Garde Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Baltic Yearbook of Intl. Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.808, CiteScore: 1)
Biblical Interpretation A J. of Contemporary Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Bijdragen tot de taal-, land- en volkenkunde / J. of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Brill Open Biology     Open Access  
Brill's Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Canadian-American Slavic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.129, CiteScore: 0)
Central Asian Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
China Nonprofit Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Global Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 0.203, CiteScore: 0)
Climate law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.372, CiteScore: 1)
Cognitive Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
Computing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Crustaceana     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.306, CiteScore: 1)
Dead Sea Discoveries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.169, CiteScore: 0)
Die Welt des Islams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.122, CiteScore: 0)
Early Science and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.241, CiteScore: 0)
East Asian Publishing and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.148, CiteScore: 0)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Ecclesial Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ecclesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.217, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Comparative Law and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European J. of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 398, SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of East Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.175, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Health Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Migration and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
Experiment : A J. of Russian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Explorations in Renaissance Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Fascism     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of Economics in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.134, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of Education in China     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.185, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of History in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of Law in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.103, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of Literary Studies in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
Frontiers of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers of Philosophy in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
Global J. of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Global Responsibility to Protect     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.371, CiteScore: 1)
Grazer Philosophische Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.254, CiteScore: 0)
Greek and Roman Musical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Grotiana     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Hague J. of Diplomacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Hawwa     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.122, CiteScore: 0)
Helsinki Monitor     Hybrid Journal  
Historical Materialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.286, CiteScore: 0)
Historiography East and West     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Horizons in Biblical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Human Rights Case Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IAWA J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.771, CiteScore: 1)
IMAGES     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Indo-European Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indo-Iranian J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Inner Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Insect Systematics & Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.447, CiteScore: 1)
Intellectual History of the Islamicate World     Hybrid Journal  
Intl. Bibliography of Military History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Intl. Community Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. Criminal Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.481, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. for the Study of Skepticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Children's Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Chinese Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.164, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Marine and Coastal Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Public Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of the Platonic Tradition     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. on Minority and Group Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. Labor Rights Case Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Intl. Labour Law Reports Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Intl. Negotiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. Organizations Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. Review of Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Iran and the Caucasus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Islamic Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.294, CiteScore: 0)
Italian Yearbook of Intl. Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. for European Environmental & Planning Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.271, CiteScore: 0)
J. for the Study of Judaism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 0)
J. for the Study of the Historical Jesus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Abbasid Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of African Military History     Hybrid Journal  
J. of American-East Asian Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
J. of Ancient Near Eastern Religions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.149, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Arabic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Chinese Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Chinese Military History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Chinese Overseas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.122, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.409, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Crustacean Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Early American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Early Modern History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
J. of East Asian Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
J. of Egyptian History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Empirical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Greek Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Intl. Humanitarian Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Intl. Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338, SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Islamic Manuscripts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Jesuit Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Jewish Languages     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
J. of Jewish Thought and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.121, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Language Contact     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Law, Religion and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.201, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Migration History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
J. of Modern Russian History and Historiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
J. of Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Muslims in Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Pentecostal Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Persianate Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Phenomenological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Reformed Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Religion in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Religion in Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.175, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Religion in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Sufi Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Economic and Social History of the Orient     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the History of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
J. of World Investment & Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
J. of Youth and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Korean J. of Intl. and Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
KronoScope     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.129, CiteScore: 0)
Language Dynamics and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.289, CiteScore: 1)
Law and Practice of Intl. Courts and Tribunals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 0)
Logos : J. of the World Book Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Lusotopie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Matatu - J. for African Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Méthexis Intl. J. for Ancient Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.318, CiteScore: 1)
Middle East J. of Culture and Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Middle East Law and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.228, CiteScore: 0)
Mission Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Mnemosyne     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.161, CiteScore: 0)
Multisensory Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.834, CiteScore: 2)
Muqarnas Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
NAN Nü     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
Nematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 1)
Netherlands Yearbook for History of Art / Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
New West Indian Guide     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nordic J. of Intl. Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.208, CiteScore: 0)
Novum Testamentum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Numen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Nuncius     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Ocean Yearbook Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Oriens     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Oriente Moderno     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Oud Holland - Quarterly for Dutch Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Palestine Yearbook of Intl. Law Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Perspectives on Global Development and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Philosophia Reformata     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Phronesis : A journal for Ancient Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
Pneuma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.234, CiteScore: 0)
Polis : The J. of the Society for Greek Political Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Quaerendo     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Religion and Human Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Religion and the Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Religion and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Research in Phenomenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Central and East European Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.205, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Rabbinic Judaism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Review of Religion and Chinese Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.808
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0005-7959 - ISSN (Online) 1568-539X
Published by Brill Academic Publishers Homepage  [229 journals]
  • The phone walkers: a study of human dependence on inactive mobile devices
    • Authors: Laura P. Schaposnik; James Unwin
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 26The development of mobile phones has largely increased human interactions. Whilst the use of these devices for communication has received significant attention, there has been little analysis of more passive interactions. Through census data on casual social groups, this work suggests a clear pattern of mobile phones being carried in people’s hands, without the person using it (that is, not looking at it). Moreover, this study suggests that when individuals join members of the opposite sex there is a clear tendency to stop holding mobile phones whilst walking. Although it is not clear why people hold their phones whilst walking in such large proportions (38% of solitary women, and 31% of solitary men), we highlight several possible explanation for holding the device, including the need to advertise status and affluence, to maintain immediate connection with friends and family, and to mitigate feelings related to anxiety and security.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25T00:00:00Z
  • Resource variability and the collapse of a dominance hierarchy in a colour
           polymorphic species
    • Authors: Dawson M. Brown; Matthew S. Lattanzio
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 21Intraspecific social dominance hierarchies should be influenced by environmental variation; however, in colour polymorphic species, dominance hierarchies are often assumed fixed, and thus insensitive to environmental variability. We ran a series of experiments using the colour polymorphic long-tailed brush lizard (Urosaurus graciosus) to challenge this assumption. We staged contests between orange and yellow morph males over a single heated perch, two perches at the same temperature, or two perches differing in temperature. Our first experiment revealed that orange-throated males are socially dominant. However, this hierarchy collapsed in our other experiments as yellow males became more aggressive. Interestingly, both males only ever secured their own perch where the perches differed in temperature. These findings mirror observations of morph behavioural flexibility in nature and studies of behaviour–environment interactions in non-polymorphic taxa. We conclude that colour morphs may have an underappreciated ability to assess resource-level changes and respond with concomitant flexibility in behaviour.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22T00:00:00Z
  • A common heritage of behaviour systems (Advance Article)
    • Authors: Robert Ian Bowers
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 28Behaviour systems theory had its beginnings with Nikolaas Tinbergen’s “hierarchical systems”, an aspect of his thinking and writing that he conspicuously left out of his very memorable 1963 manifesto. This starting point has since been developed within psychology, where it has provided numerous advances. Tinbergen’s aspiration for behaviour systems had been principled integration of ethology with physiology, but the bridge among sciences it ultimately provided led to psychology. To an ethology audience, this paper attempts to reintroduce behaviour systems as a part of Tinbergen’s legacy to make accessible the theoretical developments of behaviour systems theory that have occurred outside of ethology over the last several decades. To a psychology audience, the paper serves as a reminder of the ethological origins of behaviour systems. Both sciences and their integration stand to benefit from recognising this point of common heritage.
      PubDate: 2018-05-15T00:00:00Z
  • Clonal fish are more aggressive to distant relatives in a low resource
           environment (Advance Article)
    • Authors: Amber M. Makowicz; Tana Moore Ingo Schlupp
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 17Kin selection explains conditions under which closely related individuals should be less antagonistic towards one another. One benefit of kin selection is a reduction in aggression towards kin in various social contexts, such as foraging. In the gynogenetic Amazon molly, females have been shown to differentiate between clone types, preferring to associate with clonal sisters to non-sisters, regulating their aggressive behaviours accordingly. We ask if Amazon mollies in resource-limited environments retain the ability to regulate aggressive behaviours according to relatedness. We found that focal females regulated their aggressive behaviours depending on partner type. Females spent more time behaving aggressively towards the heterospecific females than either of the clonal lineages, and towards non-sister clones compared to clonal sisters. We are able to confirm that kin discrimination is maintained, resulting in females showing more aggression towards heterospecific females and non-sister clones in a food-limited environment, and that this aggression scales with relatedness.
      PubDate: 2018-05-09T00:00:00Z
  • Development of activity rates in fledgling songbirds: when do young birds
           begin to behave like adults'
    • Authors: Todd M. Jones; Jeffrey D. Brawn Michael P. Ward
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 14Logistical and technological limitations have constrained the characterization of behavioural development in songbirds, particularly during the post-fledging period. Recently, advances in radio-telemetry technology — automated radio-telemetry systems (ARTS) capable of recording continuous, high-resolution spatial-temporal data on radio-tagged birds — have opened the door to more comprehensive examinations of fledgling behaviour. We examined development of activity rates (number of times a bird was determined to have moved per number of detections, per hour) in fledgling Dickcissels using ARTS established at two grassland sites in east-central Illinois, USA. Specifically, we described general patterns of fledgling activity rates and determined the age at which fledglings began exhibiting activity rates like adults. We found that juveniles decreased activity rates immediately following fledging, likely to avoid detection by snakes and other predators, but increased activity levels throughout the rest of the post-fledging period. Peak hours of fledgling activity occurred around 0700 and 1800 h for all ages, with consistently low activity rates at night. On average, fledglings began exhibiting adult-like activity rates approximately 22 days after fledging, around roughly the same time they stopped being fed by adults. While our study provides important insights into development of fledgling behaviour in the Dickcissel, it remains unclear how patterns of behavioural development vary within and among species.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08T00:00:00Z
  • Quantifying direct and indirect contacts for the potential transmission of
           infection between species using a multilayer contact network (Advance
    • Authors: Matthew J. Silk; Julian A. Drewe, Richard J. Delahay, Nicola Weber, Lucy C. Steward, Jared Wilson-Aggarwal, Mike Boots, David J. Hodgson, Darren P. Croft Robbie A. McDonald
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 27Detecting opportunities for between-species transmission of pathogens can be challenging, particularly if rare behaviours or environmental transmission are involved. We present a multilayer network framework to quantify transmission potential in multi-host systems, incorporating environmental transmission, by using empirical data on direct and indirect contacts between European badgers Meles meles and domestic cattle. We identify that indirect contacts via the environment at badger latrines on pasture are likely to be important for transmission within badger populations and between badgers and cattle. We also find a positive correlation between the role of individual badgers within the badger social network, and their role in the overall badger-cattle-environment network, suggesting that the same behavioural traits contribute to the role of individual badgers in within- and between-species transmission. These findings have implications for disease management interventions in this system, and our novel network approach can provide general insights into transmission in other multi-host disease systems.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08T00:00:00Z
  • The function of play bows in Canis lupus and its variants: a comparison of
           dingo (Canis lupus dingo), dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and wolf puppies
           (Canis lupus) (Advance Article)
    • Authors: Sarah-Elizabeth Byosiere; Julia Espinosa Bradley P. Smith
      Abstract: Play bows represent a common, highly stereotyped behaviour across the genus Canis. However, much of what we know is limited to the wolf and its domestic derivative, the domestic dog. Here we continue to look at the function of play bows among subspecies/variants of Canis lupus by including the dingo. Comparing dingoes to wolves and dogs may provide further insight into the impact of domestication on play behaviour. We analysed play bows in three-to-six month old dingo puppies and compared the results to previous studies of wolves and dogs. The function of play bows in dingoes appears consistent with those observed in dogs and wolf puppies. However, subtle intraspecific differences (such as the frequency and duration of play bows, and vocalizations during play) were apparent, and warrant further investigation in the genus Canis, as well as the Family Canidae more broadly.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08T00:00:00Z
  • Do European hedgehogs select substrates when they defecate'
    • Authors: Francisco Javier de Miguel; Sara Ruiz-Montero, Héctor San Andrés Lucía Arregui
      First page: 253
      Abstract: Source: Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 253 - 264Like most mammals, European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) are nocturnal animals, with a notable sense of smell. This fact suggests that faeces could play a communicative role in this species, and therefore hedgehogs could choose the location of their faeces in order to increase their detectability. To verify this assumption, the spatial distribution of faeces of European hedgehog in a suburban forest (Valdelatas, Madrid) was analysed. The study lasted eight months, during which we sampled three transects fortnightly. The data obtained show that faeces were placed on clear substrates which were visually highlighted (territorial mark amplification). Besides, hedgehogs placed the faeces in the lateral regions of the trails, not far from their margins. These results seem to indicate that European hedgehogs select the places where to defecate, apparently seeking a trade-off between detectability and safety for its marking behaviour, and they put on the table the possibility that this species uses their faeces as communicative marks.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16T00:00:00Z
  • Personality and the retention of neophobic predator avoidance in wild
           caught Trinidadian guppies
    • Authors: Grant E. Brown; Pierre J.C. Chuard, Ebony E.M. Demers, Indar W. Ramnarine, Douglas P. Chivers Maud C.O. Ferrari
      First page: 265
      Abstract: Source: Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 265 - 278Neophobic predator avoidance allows prey to reduce the risk of predation but is costly in terms of reduced foraging or courtship opportunities if the novel cues do not represent an actual threat. Consequently, neophobic responses to novel cues should wane with repeated exposures in the absence of an actual threat. We tested the prediction that individual personality traits shape the retention of neophobic predator avoidance in wild-caught guppies. Using extinction trials, we demonstrate that personality (measured as latency to escape or approach a novel object) did not influence the initial response of wild-caught Trinidadian guppies to a novel odour; bolder and shyer guppies both exhibited similarly strong avoidance responses. However, after several exposures, shyer guppies maintain an avoidance response, and bolder guppies no longer respond. Our results highlight the complex nature of the antipredator algorithm of prey, whereby past experience, acute risk, and individual tactics shape neophobic predator avoidance patterns.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16T00:00:00Z
  • Territorial fish distinguish familiar neighbours individually
    • Authors: Taiga Saeki; Shumpei Sogawa, Takashi Hotta Masanori Kohda
      First page: 279
      Abstract: Source: Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 279 - 293True individual recognition (TIR), the ability to distinguish multiple familiar members individually, is more elaborate than class-level recognition, and evidence for the ability to perform TIR is reported from primates, some other social mammals, birds and lizard in vertebrates. These animals exhibit a highly social structure, wherein TIR is essential for their social interactions. Such high sociality has been documented in fish, but clear evidence of TIR has been limited. The cichlid, Neolamprologus pulcher, a cooperative breeder that guards a territory, exhibits the dear enemy relationship. Here, we show that this fish distinguishes two familiar neighbours individually, i.e., TIR ability, using one-way mirrors in experimental tanks. Focal fish established the dear enemy relationship with two neighbours, NA and NB, and displayed limited aggression towards these familiar neighbours. However, their aggressiveness towards neighbour NB increased when they were shifted from the original side of the tank after NA was removed, suggesting that they distinguished NB from NA or regarded NB as a stranger. Interestingly, this aggression level against the shifted neighbour NB largely decreased within 1 min. This decrease contrasted with the longer and more frequent aggressiveness towards unfamiliar strangers. These results suggest that focal fish recognised neighbour NB as a familiar stranger but probably punished NB that moved beyond its territory, that is, betrayed the dear enemy relationship. We prevented the effects of the behavioural reactions of exposed individuals using a one-way mirror. Thus, we conclude that this fish species displays TIR and discuss that TIR is prevalent in territorial animals in which the dear enemy effect is common.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16T00:00:00Z
  • Costs and benefits of post-weaning associations in mountain goats
    • Authors: Karina Charest Castro; Mathieu Leblond Steeve D. Côté
      First page: 295
      Abstract: Source: Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 295 - 326To better understand the potential costs and benefits of prolonged parental care in gregarious species, we studied post-weaning associations in a marked population of mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus) monitored for 22 years. We calculated the occurrence and frequency of associations involving 1- and 2-year-old juveniles. We investigated (1) the influence of maternal characteristics and population size on the formation of post-weaning associations, (2) the short-term costs of associations on maternal reproductive success, and (3) the short-term benefits of associations on life-history traits of juveniles. We found that barren mothers associated more frequently with 1-year-olds than summer yeld and lactating mothers. Associations with 2-year-olds tended to increase the probability that a mother would be barren the following year. Post-weaning associations did not influence the body mass of newborn kids nor the body mass and survival of juveniles. We discuss how benefits for associated juveniles may appear later in life.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16T00:00:00Z
  • Effect of nestlings’ age on parental responses to a predatory snake
    • Authors: Jung Moon Ha; Keesan Lee, Eun Jeong Yang, Woo Joo Kim, Ho Kyeong Song, In Je Hwang, Sang-im Lee Piotr G. Jablonski
      First page: 327
      Abstract: Source: Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 327 - 336Predator-specific alarm calls may have a variety of context-specific functions. Parents of the oriental tit, Parus minor, use the ‘jar’ call in response to the presence of a snake near the nests, and the nestlings respond by escaping the nest cavity. This specific function can be observed only when nestlings are able to fledge. Do tits use the ‘jar’ call only in a situation when nestlings are physically able to jump out of the nest' We measured parental responses to live snake in 8 nests. The use of ‘jar’ call by parents was not modified by the ability of their nestlings to escape out of the nest. This suggests that fledging in response to ‘jar’ call by old nestlings evolved later than the evolutionary emergence of referential snake alarm calls, and that the ancestral function of ‘jar’ call was probably not related to triggering of fledging in old nestlings.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16T00:00:00Z
  • Social networks: a tool for assessing the impact of perturbations on
           wildlife behaviour and implications for pathogen transmission
    • Authors: K.L. Jones; R.C.A. Thompson S.S. Godfrey
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 42Wildlife are increasingly subject to perturbations, which can impact pathogen transmission and lead to disease emergence. While a myriad of factors influence disease dynamics in wildlife, behaviour is emerging as a major influence. In this review, we examine how perturbations alter the behaviour of individuals and how, in turn, disease transmission may be impacted, with a focus on the use of network models as a powerful tool. There are emerging hypotheses as to how networks respond to different types of perturbations. The broad effects of perturbations make predicting potential outcomes and identifying mitigation opportunities for disease emergence critical; yet, the current paucity of data makes identification of underlying trends difficult. Social network analysis facilitates a mechanistic approach to how perturbation-induced behavioural changes result in shifts in pathogen transmission. However, the field is still developing, and future work should strive to address current deficits. There is particular need for empirical data to support modelling predictions and increased inclusion of pathogen monitoring in network studies.
      PubDate: 2018-03-28T00:00:00Z
  • Associating sex-biased and seasonal behaviour with contact patterns and
           transmission risk in (Advance Article)
    • Authors: C.M. Aiello; T.C. Esque, K.E. Nussear, P.G. Emblidge P.J. Hudson
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 35Interactions between wildlife hosts act as transmission routes for directly transmitted pathogens and vary in ways that affect transmission efficiency. Identifying drivers of contact variation can allow both contact inference and estimation of transmission dynamics despite limited data. In desert tortoises, mating strategy, burrow use and seasonal change influence numerous behaviours and likely shape contact patterns. In this study, we ask to what extent tortoise contact behaviour varies between sexes and seasons, and whether space or burrow-use data can be used to infer contact characteristics consistent with those recorded by proximity loggers. We identified sex and season-biased contact behaviour in both wild and captive populations indicative of female-female avoidance and seasonal male mate-seeking behaviour. Space and burrow-use patterns were informative, but did not always predict the extent of sex or seasonal biases on contact. We discuss the implications these findings have for transmission patterns and disease mitigation in tortoise populations.
      PubDate: 2018-02-14T00:00:00Z
  • Incorporating genomic methods into contact networks to reveal new insights
           into animal behaviour and infectious disease dynamics
    • Authors: Marie L.J. Gilbertson; Nicholas M. Fountain-Jones Meggan E. Craft
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 33Utilization of contact networks has provided opportunities for assessing the dynamic interplay between pathogen transmission and host behaviour. Genomic techniques have, in their own right, provided new insight into complex questions in disease ecology, and the increasing accessibility of genomic approaches means more researchers may seek out these tools. The integration of network and genomic approaches provides opportunities to examine the interaction between behaviour and pathogen transmission in new ways and with greater resolution. While a number of studies have begun to incorporate both contact network and genomic approaches, a great deal of work has yet to be done to better integrate these techniques. In this review, we give a broad overview of how network and genomic approaches have each been used to address questions regarding the interaction of social behaviour and infectious disease, and then discuss current work and future horizons for the merging of these techniques.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02T00:00:00Z
  • Modification of host social networks by manipulative parasites
           (Advance Article)
    • Authors: Robert Poulin
      Abstract: Source: Page Count 18Social network models provide a powerful tool to estimate infection risk for individual hosts and track parasite transmission through host populations. Here, bringing together concepts from social network theory, animal personality, and parasite manipulation of host behaviour, I argue that not only are social networks shaping parasite transmission, but parasites in turn shape social networks through their effects on the behaviour of infected individuals. Firstly, I review five general categories of behaviour (mating behaviour, aggressiveness, activity levels, spatial distribution, and group formation) that are closely tied to social networks, and provide evidence that parasites can affect all of them. Secondly, I describe scenarios in which behaviour-altering parasites can modify either the role or position of individual hosts within their social network, or various structural properties (e.g., connectance, modularity) of the entire network. Experimental approaches allowing comparisons of social networks pre- versus post-infection are a promising avenue to explore the feedback loop between social networks and parasite infections.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10T00:00:00Z
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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