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Journal of Public Administration and Governance
Number of Followers: 29  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2161-7104
Published by Macrothink Institute Homepage  [47 journals]
  • The Implication of the Strategic Implementation Style and Middle
           Management Effort in Public Organization Strategic Management
           Implementation and Its Organizational Performance

    • Authors: Bienmali Kombate, Muganga Emmanuel, Kouadio Konan Richard
      Pages: 1 - 25
      Abstract: Strategic management implementation in public sector study has nowadays become the most commonly researched area among public administration scholars and researchers. However, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no attempt to investigate the influence of the implementation style and the middle management on the Strategic Management Implementation (SMI) and organizational performance (OP).  There is a paucity of studies that have been undertaken in developing countries. This study aims to fulfil this research gap, investigated in the moderated mediation effect of the combination of the implementation style and middle management effort in the relationship between SMI and OP. The study data was collected on a sample of 468 public managers in the Togolese central government organizations. The findings show that public organisations that opt for logical implementation style in its program implementation result in a non-significant estimate at the mean and 1SD below the middle management effort (W). However, in the organization that applies incremental implementation style in its program implementation, the estimates at mean, 1SD below and 1SD above the mean of the W are all statistically significant. Developing country public sector organisations characterized by traditional bureaucracy and lack of administrative reform program implementation that opt for logical implementation style will likely decrease performance.
      PubDate: 2021-01-04
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18150
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Legislative Cross-carpeting, Multiparty System and the Challenges of
           Democratic Good Governance in Nigeria

    • Authors: Mayowa Joseph OLURO, Johnson Olawale BAMIGBOSE
      Pages: 26 - 39
      Abstract: The legislature is unarguably the fulcrum upon which democracy rests. Democracy, in this context, is representative government. Thus, the institution of the legislature as an assembly of elected representatives becomes the engine room of the structural framework upon which democratic governance is built. As history has shown, the beauty of legislature is greatly enhanced by a healthy multi-party system wherein elected representatives from different party backgrounds engage one another alongside party ideological positions with a view to deliberating on issue of governance and socio-economic well-being of the people. Legislative cross-carpeting in Nigeria is becoming a norm rather than exigency, and is taking a negative toll on the capacity of legislatures to fulfill their mandates as against functioning as merely rubber-stamp annexes of the executive/ruling party. This study examines the impacts of the wanton cross-carpeting, often times bereft of any ideological underpinning, that have characterized legislative assemblies in Nigeria and its implications on good governance. Among others, it concludes that concrete legal and political frameworks must be developed to check the direction of cross-carpeting in Nigeria’s legislative houses if good governance is to be entrenched.
      PubDate: 2021-01-03
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18151
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Public-Private Partnership (PPP) as an Alternative Model to Public
           Infrastructure Development and Service Delivery: The Case of PPP-Public
           Markets in the Philippines

    • Authors: JACK B. ISOLANA
      Pages: 40 - 52
      Abstract: The study examined the internalization of core-values of New Public Management (NPM) among Local Government Units (LGUs) in the Philippines in their effort to reform the management and operation of public markets.  Using Public-Private Partnership (PPP) as a framework of NPM for infrastructure development and service delivery, the study assessed the performance of PPP/BOT Public Markets in addressing the perennial problems of public markets in the Philippines. It inquired whether or not PPP as an instrument of reform has improved the management and operation of public markets.To substantiate the assessment, five pioneering PPP public markets in the country were examined, namely; Mandaluyong Public Market in Mandaluyong City, Carmen and Cogon Public Markets in Cagayan de Oro City, Suki Market in Quezon City, and Bocaue Public Market in Bocaue, Bulacan. It used organization and management, the scope of facilities and services, LGU-revenue income and expenditures, and income of market vendors, and client satisfaction on the quality of facilities and services as performance indicators. The data of the study were obtained through combined research methodologies such as case study, content analysis, ocular inspection, and interviews with the city and municipal administrators, market administrators, market vendors, and officers of market vendors associations.The study shows that while PPP has improved the performance of public markets during the early years of operation, these gains and all advances were not sustained by the LGUs when management and operation of public markets were turned over to them from the private project proponent-operators. The study argued that in order to sustain public-private partnerships in the operation of the public market, it is imperative to institutionalize reforms in the structure, processes, mindsets of the leaders, and stakeholders. The institutionalization of NPM’s core values can be carried out effectively through localization of PPP as a policy so that the necessary legal and institutional frameworks for PPP will be anchored based on the need, strength, and weaknesses of the LGU concerned.The study makes a positive contribution to the on-going discourse on public sector reform in the Philippines particularly at the local level using PPP as a model. It enriches not only the literature of Public Administration but also provides valuable lessons in the praxis of governance.
      PubDate: 2021-01-16
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18213
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Attempts of Fully Controlling Bureaucracy: Quae Merito'

    • Authors: Jochelle Greaves Siew
      Pages: 53 - 64
      Abstract: The performance of government bureaucrats profoundly impacts the daily lives of citizens, with their unseen decisions affecting, inter alia, the safety of society, public education standards, and working conditions. Still, scholars dispute the power of bureaucrats, and whether and how it should be controlled. Some contend that bureaucratic activity must be firmly controlled since bureaucrats are expected to shirk their responsibilities. Contrarily, others postulate that a trust-based system would be better-suited as bureaucrats subscribe to values related to public interest, professional norms, and organisational loyalty. This article conducts a review of relevant literature on ‘top-down’ and ‘trust-based’ control mechanisms in order to recommend suitable approaches for controlling bureaucratic activity, considering the factors which affect the nature of their work. It is shown that a trust-based model is appropriate as it results in an equilibrium being achieved, with discretion utilised as a tool for implementation, whilst bureaucratic activity is monitored and controlled in a less intrusive and demotivating manner. While command-and-control methods produce better results in cases where short-term cost control and productivity are in question, this approach is unsustainable in the long-run due to inherently faulty assumptions about bureaucratic motivation. This article also recognises that multiple mechanisms of control might be necessary, depending on what is appropriate according to political judgements on contexts and organisational goals. Bureaucrats are accountable in different ways, at several levels and to varying degrees, so the mechanisms used to monitor and control them should reflect this reality.
      PubDate: 2021-01-15
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18008
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Informal Practices in Public Administrations in Cameroon

    • Authors: Michael TAOYANG WARAI
      Pages: 65 - 84
      Abstract: The article questions the practices of violation of the law and the link between illegality and administrative practices, with a focus on administrative services. In this paper, I propose to study the experience of Cameroon, a country where formality and informality work hand in hand. Precisely, administrative practices have for some time seen the proliferation of unconventional practices in the management of administrative services. The assessment is the use of informality that rub shoulders with the formal rules established by the legislator. The informal management of administrative services can be explained on the one hand by the state crisis which results in the state registry struggling to take. Administrative burdens as an institutional factor should not also be overlooked as an explanatory factor for this practice. Informality, therefore, becomes an alternative to bypass regulatory frameworks. The objective of this article is to stimulate reflection on the role that informality can play in administrative practices in Cameroon. Starting from the principle of methodological individualism, we demonstrate that informality is a vector of underdevelopment, and this way of doing must retain the attention of governments to overcome this practice.
      PubDate: 2021-01-15
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.17986
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Adaptability Features, Proactivity, and Change Readiness: An Empirical
           Investigation of Public Sector Organisations

    • Authors: Fee Cheng Tan, Devika Nadarajah
      Pages: 85 - 96
      Abstract: This study examined the mediating role of proactivity in the effects of five adaptability features (i.e. work stress coping, creativity, dealing with uncertainty, training and learning, and interpersonal adaptability) on employees’ change readiness. A total of 379 employees of public sector organisations in Malaysia participated in the study. Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) was employed to analyse the proposed model. The results indicate that out of the five adaptability features, three (dealing with uncertainty, training and learning, and interpersonal adaptability) significantly predict proactivity. Proactivity was also found to mediate the effects of these three adaptability features on change readiness. This paper contributes to the change readiness literature by identifying proactivity as mediator in the relationship between adaptability features and change readiness, which has received relatively scant attention. Practical and theoretical contributions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-01-16
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18006
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Political Leadership in Policy Implementation: Case Study of Rural
           Transport Accessibility in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, Malaysia

    • Authors: Maria Mohd Ismail, Raja Noriza Raja Ariffin
      Pages: 97 - 106
      Abstract: Politics plays a major role in every aspect of the government development plan. Kelantan is an interesting case in understanding the different political leadership involved in the implementation process. This study reports how politics influenced the development of rural transport accessibility in Kuala Krai, Kelantan. In-depth interviews were conducted among 33 respondents; 13 policymakers from the federal, state and local level and 20 villagers covering all the three sub-districts in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, Malaysia. The findings were presented based on the emerging themes emerged from the analysis. The findings confirmed that politics is the primary mover in formulating and implementing any transport accessibility plan in the study area. The findings also provided ultimate insights for policymakers at multiple decision-making level involved in formulating and implementing for an accessible rural transport system for the rural communities.
      PubDate: 2021-01-16
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.17961
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • A Path Dependency Approach to Governance Practices at a Public University
           of the Western Cape, South Africa

    • Authors: Tom Mark Brown
      Pages: 110 - 127
      Abstract: This paper investigates the governance practices embedded within governance structures at the disposal of students at a public tertiary education institution, and student unrest as a mechanism to sway decision-making and reform policy at the case study institution of higher learning. In particular, the study is guided by a qualitative research paradigm using a structured interview tool to gather primary data using the University of the Western Cape (UWC) situated in Cape Town, South Africa, as a bounded case study, against the backdrop of the 2015-2016 #FeesMustFall (FMF) protests. It is suggested in this paper that student unrest is not the main reason, but rather a symptom of the broader inadequacies of the current participatory mechanisms available in university governance structures in general, and at the UWC. Employing a Path Dependency Theoretical (PDT) Approach. The article concludes by analyzing the findings of the empirical research, by identifying several themes and sub-themes.
      PubDate: 2021-02-01
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18095
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Chief Mohlomi: A Mosotho model of Ethics and Morality in Public
           Administration and Governance

    • Authors: Khali Mofuoa
      Pages: 128 - 143
      Abstract: Ethics or morals are learned as they are observed from people's life histories – present or past. They are best remembered in relationships with life histories of impeccable models of ethics or morals in their respective societies. People of Lesotho, known as Basotho, often refer to the high ethical standards or principles of Chief Mohlomi in public administration and governance and talk of him as one of history's great ethical or moral leaders of all time in southern Africa. But do such claims about Chief Mohlomi have substance, and do they withstand scrutiny in public administration and governance' If so, how' Drawing lessons primarily from the pre-colonial 18th-century history of the Basotho, the article explores such claims. It also sheds some light on the relevance of the legendary Chief Mohlomi in public administration and governance not often discussed in academia.
      PubDate: 2021-02-01
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.17950
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Policy Transfer: A Classification of the Extant Literature into Waves, A
           Critique of the Existing Waves and A Proposal for a New Wave

    • Authors: Lucky Benson
      Pages: 144 - 163
      Abstract: This paper presents a critical review of the extant literature on policy transfer. The aim is to classify transfer literature into waves, highlight the problems with the existing waves and propose a new wave that addresses the limitations in the extant literature. The purpose is to make theoretical contribution to the literature on policy transfer especially in the areas that the existing waves have ignored. The first part of the paper is organised around concepts associated with the extant literature on the first wave of policy transfer. The focus is on the work of Rose (1991, 1993) on lessons drawing as a driver to Dolowitz and Marsh (1996, 2000) famous literature on policy transfer. This is then followed by the second wave of policy transfer literature. The focal point of the second wave is a critique of the literature on the first wave of policy transfer. Following on for this second wave of policy transfer literature is a new wave that addresses the problems raised in the extant literature on the first and second waves of policy transfer. This is important because it provides the opportunity to cover the limitations of the first and second waves literature on policy transfer and make theoretical contributions.
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18040
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Relationship between Organizational Ethical Climate and Organizational
           Trust in Palestinian Ministries: An Empirical Approach

    • Authors: Tariq T. Jarrar, Hazril Izwar Ibrahim
      Pages: 164 - 176
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between organizational ethical climate and organizational trust in Palestinian public ministries by applying the Victor and Cullen’s (1988) framework. For this purpose, the study utilizes a sample of 178 respondents of executive-level employees in which primary data collection is conducted using survey instrument and PLS-SEM for data analysis. The study proposes that a positive relationship between ethical climate types (Caring, Independence, Rules, Law and Codes) and organizational trust, and negative relationship between (Instrumental climate) and organizational trust are all highly important for Palestinian ministries to provide trust and create positive outcome in the workplace.
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18197
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Indigenous Peoples and the Singular Socio-Political Trajectory of the
           Mbororo in Ngaoui Subdivision (Cameroon)

    • Authors: ASSANA / /
      Pages: 177 - 200
      Abstract: This study concerns the Mbororo of Ngaoui Sub-division (Cameroon). And for some good reasons: unlike those of Chad, Central African Republic (CAR) or certain regions of Cameroon such as the West, the Far North, the North and the East, where they constitute a vulnerable, dominated and marginalized group, the Mbororo of Ngaoui have succeeded in establishing themselves as a dominant group. This is due to their sedentarization caused by the boom in the cattle market, and accelerated by cross-border crimes in the 1970s. This sedentarization takes place through the diversification of their economic activities, openness to Christianity and access to health and educational infrastructures on one hand, and the relative possession of traditional power and above all, their central position in local politics on the other hand. By relying on the theory of the coloniality of power and empirical data collected in the localities where the Mbororos are highly established and their herds which are Djohong and Ngaoui. This contribution aims at analysing the singular socio-political trajectory of this Fulani fraction which does not respond to the definitional and identifying criteria enshrined in the international and Cameroonian conceptions, which makes them, indigenous, marginal and vulnerable populations respectively.
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v11i1.18017
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
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