Publisher: Macrothink Institute   (Total: 47 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Finance & Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Education and Linguistics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Environmental Management and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global J. of Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Resource Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Finance and Banking     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Accounting and Financial Reporting     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of English Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Human Resource Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Industrial Marketing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Learning and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Management Innovation Systems     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Regional Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. Research in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Issues in Economics and Business     Open Access  
Issues in Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. for the Study of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Applied Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Asian Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Biology and Life Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Corporate Governance Research     Open Access  
J. of Education and Training     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Educational Issues     Open Access  
J. of Entrepreneurship and Business Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Environment and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
J. of Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Food Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Public Administration and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
J. of Safety Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Studies in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Research in Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Research in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Journal of Public Administration and Governance
Number of Followers: 29  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2161-7104
Published by Macrothink Institute Homepage  [47 journals]
  • The Nexus Between Good Governance Indicators And Human Development Index
           In Africa: An Econometric Analysis

    • Authors: Paulos C Tsegaw
      Pages: 1 - 19
      Abstract: This study examines the association between good governance indicators and the human development index in Africa. Accordingly, it uses the panel data of 49 African countries from 2000-2018 on the six World Bank governance indicators (WGIs) and the UNDP aggregate human development index (HDI). The data are analyzed using descriptive statistics and panel regression analysis. The descriptive statistical analysis shows that most of the countries that are scoring high in the governance indicators are also scoring high in the human development index. It also indicates that Africa's average score in all governance indicators from 2000-2018 ranges between 36.2 % and 40.4%, while the score for human development was 50.8%. Using a one-year moving average, the calculated improvement rates for the eighteen years in all the governance and human development indicators were meager. The finding from the panel regression analysis attests only the three good governance indicators - the rule of law, regulatory quality, and political stability and absence of violence - are significantly and directly associated with the human development index. The finding implies that policy makers in African countries should give emphasis on these three good governance indicators to augment their human development effort.
      PubDate: 2020-03-31
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16598
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Economic Growth in
           ASEAN-5 Countries

    • Authors: Amy Huong Yong Jing, Rossazana Ab-Rahim
      Pages: 20 - 33
      Abstract: Digital economy generally refers to a digital technology-based economy. The embrace of digital economy is transforming a nation's economic growth. Countries blessed with successful digitisation will improve their economic performance; hence, it could increase country's GDP growth. In this respect, ASEAN-5 countries becoming a major economic force driver in Asia as well as to the global growth. The goal of this research is therefore to investigate the relationship between ICT and economic growth in the ASEAN-5 countries over the 2003 to 2018 study period. Using static and dynamic panel data estimation, results shows that fixed telephone line subscription has the greatest impact on ICT on economic growth. The findings suggest countries shall focus on the innovation of ICT especially on the mobile-cellular telephone subscription and fixed telephone line subscription to achieve economic growth. Investments in ICT infrastructure foster co-operation in ICT technology as well as advancing ICT particularly on the rise in jobs in the ICT sector, transforming government services into digital form to enhance economic growth in the country.
      PubDate: 2020-03-31
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16589
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Analysis of the Determinants of Tax Policy Compliance in Nigeria

    • Authors: Robert Dibie, Raphael Dibie
      Pages: 34 - 62
      Abstract: This paper examines the factors that determines tax policy compliance and the impediments to effective tax administration in Nigeria. The objectives are to: (a) determine if there is a relationship between knowledge of tax laws and compliance in Nigeria; and (b) if there is a positive relationship between corruption and tax compliance. The paper argues that taxpayers’ knowledge of Nigerian tax laws could positively influence citizens attitude and behavior towards compliance. The primary data were derived from interviews, and questionnaires. The conceptual frameworks are based on strategic and benchmark approaches, and principal agent model. The data analysis shows that there is a strong positive relationship between lack of tax knowledge, low level of education and tax compliance in Nigeria. The findings of this study also reveal that there is a strong positive correlation between corruption and tax evasion. The inadequate use of information technology in tax administration, and lack of government incentives as well as poor working condition have negative correlation with tax collection management. There is however significant relationship between inappropriate assessment system, poor economic situation in the country, and lower tax compliance rate in the country. Some benchmark strategic policy recommendations are provided on how to better implement tax compliance laws in Nigeria in the future.
      PubDate: 2020-04-29
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16934
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Migration and Employment Policy and Their Impact on Social Integration:
           Evidence From Nigeria

    • Authors: Taiwo A. Olaiya
      Pages: 63 - 84
      Abstract: Scholars have long sought answers for the socio-economic and political discomfort of immigrants. Migrants became underclass and exploited in their new environment. In a field survey conducted in Ondo State, Nigeria, the study examined the ontological submissions about immigrants’ plight for employment and the host community’s potentials at tapping high skills available among the migrants. The study anchored on Talcott Parson’s AGIL- Social System Theory of societal survival, most especially its functional prerequisites, notably adaptation, goal, integration and pattern maintenance. The overall finding emerging from the study is that social integration links positively to migrants’ acquired work ethics, acceptance into formal workforce, and socio-communal interactions. Consequently, standardised integration of skilled-migrants into workforce shaped cordial relationship and lasting peace between migrants and the host community.
      PubDate: 2020-04-30
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16719
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Drinking Age Policy Implementation and the Practice of Federal Law in the
           United States

    • Authors: Godwin Ihemeje, Grace Ihemeje
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Readjusting a standardized national drinking age, particularly in the area of implementation has been a matter of concern to scholars of political science and health sciences. It is instructive to note that the national legal drinking age of 21 years is a primary alcohol-control policy initiated and implemented since 1985 in the United States. Different groups have raised public debate on the minimum drinking age and proposed reducing it to 18 years. However, recent trends in alcohol drinking and related consequences, comparative effect of the minimum legal drinking ages of 21 years and 18 years, research on drinking among  high school and college students related to minimum legal drinking age are critically reviewed, using secondary data sources. This article therefore seeks to support the minimum drinking age of 21 years, rather than lowering it to 18 years. Concerted interventional roles are essential by the assistance of non-governmental organizations, public health experts, legal experts, and public office holders; for the purpose of influencing healthy decisions about alcohol among the early adults and thereby leading to reduction in alcohol consumption and its negative impacts.
      PubDate: 2020-04-30
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.15173
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Bringing Network Governance into the field of Violence and Integrity in

    • Authors: Vidar Stevens, Tine Vertommen
      Pages: 93 - 107
      Abstract: To date, the knowledge base on the topic of violence and integrity in sports is limited, the scientific community is relatively small, and the research field is in its infancy. The few researchers have predominantly been working in silos, and, consequently, initial studies have examined this issue with a singular discipline approach. Violence in sport is a multifaceted issue that has physical, psychological, social and organizational consequences. The fragmentation of the research efforts in this area thus far has limited the possibility of formulating a clear, collaborative and international agenda for future research. In this article, we aim to build on previous research, but also borrow insights from public administration, to pave the way for new studies that look from a governance perspective at policy strategies for the prevention of interpersonal violence against young athletes in sports. Particularly, we aim, in line with the Dutch policy development, to discuss the value of local networks, and its challenges, as vehicles of collaboration and prevention.
      PubDate: 2020-04-30
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16778
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Integrating Business CSR With Local Government Development Program:
           Business Perception

    • Authors: Abdul Nadjib, Rabin Ibnu Zainal
      Pages: 108 - 122
      Abstract: The mandate of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Indonesia through various laws and regulations, provide an alternative source of funding for local government for the development and the provision of basic services in their area. However, the process of integrating business CSR with local development program must consider the perception of all relevant stakeholders, namely local government officials and staff or managers managing CSR programs in the company. Business CSR are often placed as an instrument for companies to achieve its interest, such as to obtain a social license, reputation and security of business. This study is aimed at understanding business perceptions in integrating business CSR with local development program. The study took place in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatra province, which is known as a regent where many mining and plantation companies operating in the region. The method used is a descriptive qualitative research method by conducting unstructured interviews with managers and staff of 10 business companies in this region. The study found that there were differences in perceptions of managers and staff towards the integration of CSR with local development programs. The differences of perception is occurred as the local government is still not adopted the business interests. This can be used as a guideline for all parties as a first step to integrate CSR programs with regional development planning.
      PubDate: 2020-04-30
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16611
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Governance in Land Acquisition Process: A Study on Shreehatta Economic
           Zone, Moulovibazar, Sylhet

    • Authors: Sabina Yasmin, Ruhi Begum, Muhammad Mustofa Kamal
      Pages: 123 - 140
      Abstract: Land acquisition in Bangladesh for development activities is considered a critical issue. This study attempts to explore the existing scenario of the governance in the land acquisition process at Shreehatta Economic Zone, Moulovibazar, Bangladesh. This study is based on both the primary and secondary sources of data. The primary data was collected from 55 respondents which include both administrative officials and the project affected people and the secondary data was collected from different renowned journals, official documents of the administration, newspapers, and other relevant sources. The study reveals that there exists malpractices in the land acquisition process, where project-affected people do not get fair compensation and they are forced to pay bribe for getting compensation. In spite of having national and international guidelines for land acquisition, officials unethically acquire the agricultural land by misusing their discretionary power which leads the project affected people to more vulnerability.
      PubDate: 2020-05-12
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17015
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • The Impact of Social Accountability Mechanisms on Fiscal Management
           Challenges Facing Goromonzi Rural District Council, Zimbabwe

    • Authors: Trust Madhovi
      Pages: 141 - 160
      Abstract: This paper examines the impact of social accountability mechanisms on the fiscal management challenges facing local government bodies in Zimbabwe. The paper hypothesises that there is a positive relationship between the use of social accountability mechanisms or tools by local authorities and the effectiveness of their fiscal management policies to mobilize more revenue for service delivery. In this study, both quantitative and qualitative methods are adopted in gathering and analysing data from central government officials, Goromonzi Rural District Council employees and members of the public. The results of the study reveal that the local government body faces a number of fiscal management challenges that include a shrinking tax base, non-payment of taxes, resistance to successive budgets; lack of implementation; lack of monitoring and evaluation. Council has implemented participatory budgeting to deal with some of these challenges. While results show a significant improvement in tax collection, some of the challenges have persisted. The paper proposes some recommendations useful to central government, policy makers, civil society organisations, local government officials and the general public. The paper manages to demonstrate that the implementation of social accountability tools can have positive impacts on the fiscal management challenges facing local governments. 
      PubDate: 2020-05-24
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16825
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Analysis of the Factors for Sustainable Development of Oil and Gas
           Resources in Tanzania

    • Authors: Mashala Lameck Yusuph, Kisumbe Lazaro Alman
      Pages: 161 - 180
      Abstract: Oil and natural gas have increasingly become potential resources for the socio-economic development of Tanzania. Understanding the factors on its sustainability remains of critical importance. This study intended to analyze the factors for the sustainable development of oil and gas resources in Tanzania. We collected quantitative data from 250 participants through a questionnaire, whereas data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results show that institutional development, enterprise development, and good governance are pertinent factors for the sustainable development of oil and gas resources in Tanzania. The study offers the implication that to realize the benefits of oil and gas resources for the long-term development of Tanzania, policymakers should ensure institutional and enterprise development, and promotion of governance framework to enhance transparency and accountability in the oil and gas sector. Moreover, we recommend that the realization of long-term extraction and sustainable development of oil and gas resources in Tanzania, robust policies, strategies, good governance frameworks and combined efforts of the government, oil companies, and private sector, civil organizations, and citizens’ participation in the management of oil and gas resources is of critical importance.
      PubDate: 2020-05-24
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16869
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Performance Appraisal Experiences and Its Implications on Human Resource
           Decisions in Decentralized Health Services in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania

    • Authors: Kisumbe Lazaro Alman, Mashala Lameck Yusuph
      Pages: 181 - 193
      Abstract: The study investigated the Performance Appraisal Experiences and its Implications on Human Resource (HR) Decisions in the decentralized health service in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania. The region was selected because over different periods it revealed poor performance in health service delivery whose causes remained unfolded. An explanatory Survey research design with a mixed approach was employed, whereas the survey tool was used to collect data from 287 respondents. The findings revealed that even though the team performance is evaluated through the Quality Improvement Teams, the individual employee’s performance is ineffectively evaluated due to the ineffective use of the Open Performance, Review and Appraisal System (OPRAS). The ineffective use of OPRAS instrument is linked to several factors including the complexity of the instrument; inadequate availability of funds to implement the set targets; shortage of the human resources in the facilities making overwhelmed by the responsibilities; the OPRAS process being time-consuming and inadequate commitment on the use of the instrument. Thus, when the individual performance is ineffectively appraised, human resource decisions such as training and compensation for employees’ performance remain uninformed, hence affecting both their quality and human resource performance. It was thus, recommended inter alia, simplification of the OPRAS instrument and customization of it to suit the health sector settings, frequent provision of training on the application of OPRAS, and linking OPRAS results with the immediate rewards to enhance employees’ commitment to the instrument. Additionally, the establishment of the mechanism to enforce the use of OPRAS in assessing employees’ performance in health facilities and ensuring that the appraisal results are linked to the human resource decisions are of paramount importance for improving human resource decisions and for performance improvement in health facilities.
      PubDate: 2020-05-25
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16870
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Energy Consumption and Economic Growth Nexus in China: Autoregressive
           Distributed Lag (ARDL)

    • Authors: Wan-Lin Yong, Jerome Kueh, Yong Sze Wei, Jang-Haw Tiang
      Pages: 194 - 212
      Abstract: This paper intends to investigate the nexus between energy consumption, carbon dioxide emission, total export and economic growth of China from 1971 to 2014. This study adopted Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds test to examine the existence of short-run and long-run relationships among the variables. Empirical findings indicated that energy consumption contribute to economic growth while carbon dioxide emission is impeding the growth. There is a positive long-run relationship between both energy consumption and total export with economic growth of China. However, a negative relationship is observed between carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth. Hence, in terms of policy recommendation, policymakers can implement a balance environment-economic policy; reduce the carbon dioxide emission by imposing carbon tax; promote renewable energy among the industries and households and promoting reserves forest policy is needed for aspiration of sustainable growth for both environmental and economic.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16900
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Competing Multiple Accountability Mechanisms and Public Administrators’
           Responses in the Health Sector in Kenya

    • Authors: Karumba; Kenneth
      Pages: 213 - 232
      Abstract: Accountability in public sector is a complex concept. Public administrators are held accountable by multiple mechanisms of accountability. It is unclear in the public health sector in Kenya which of the four mechanisms of hierarchical, professional, legal and political accountability dominates accountability responses of hospital administrators. The objective of this study was to assess which among the competing multiple accountability mechanism is accorded priority in the health sector in Kenya. The study adopted a case study design targeting hospital administrators from 36 public hospitals in 14 Counties in Kenya. The study found out that professional accountability tend to be given precedence over other forms of public accountability in ordinary conditions and hierarchical accountability under crisis situations. The study concluded that hospital administrators are confronted with all the four mechanisms, but their intensity on accountability vary.
      PubDate: 2020-06-02
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17140
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Political Instability and Economic Growth in the State of Yemen Analysis

    • Authors: Najeeb Alomaisi
      Pages: 233 - 260
      Abstract: This paper explores the drivers of political instability and how political instability affects the economy in the context of Yemen. It is a low country income, although the critical location is at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula with 200 islands. The country is rife with terrorists and lives under much socio-political strife. We implemented an empirical model to test the correlations and multiple regression between political instability and economic growth. The study found that there is a high negative correlation between volatility and economic growth with negative correlations value. Furthermore, we investigate the significance of the regression -enter method- stepwise method which show the existence of the impact of the political instability index conflict, and civil war in economic growth.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16311
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Evaluation of Corporate Social Responsibility Performance in Air Transport

    • Authors: Dimitrios J. Dimitriou
      Pages: 261 - 278
      Abstract: The key objective of this paper is to present the dimensions and the characteristics of an airport enterprise management engagement in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). By analyzing different strategies and plans towards CSR, applied in a sample of 15 European airports, the comprehensiveness is defined, providing the assessment framework of the airports CSR effectiveness and efficiency. Conventional wisdom is to provide a CSR assessment framework applied on airport industry. The methodology based on the competitive analysis framework, driven by benchmarking analysis applied to a group of European airports engaged in different CSR strategies. Defining the key actions of the airports CSR strategy, an assessment framework to review how this strategy meets social goals is developed. The airport strategy is reviewed considering the aviation business characteristics such as, traffic and regional GDP. Based on data collected from 15 busy European airports, the comprehensiveness of CSR strategy for this business sector considering stakeholders’ theory is investigated. The outputs provide key messages to decision makers, managers, and stakeholders towards CSR comprehensiveness of the airport operators.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16645
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • The Influence of Civil Servants’ Attitude on Engagement and
           Participation in Cost Reduction Policy: A Case of Malaysia

    • Authors: Mohamad Hisyam Selamat, Foo Kok Soon
      Pages: 279 - 296
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of civil servants’ attitude on engagement and participation in cost reduction policy implementation in Malaysian public organizations. Attitude was divided into two categories, namely, attitude towards leader and attitude towards government. Civil servant engagement in the workplace was treated as the mediating variable. All these values were included in the conceptual framework. Cross-sectional survey was adopted to validate the framework. The sample size for the population of this study was determined at 400. From the analysis it was found that attitude towards leader and attitude towards government influenced participation in cost reduction policy implementation and engagement significantly. Additionally, engagement mediated the relationships between attitude towards leader, attitude towards government and participation in cost reduction policy implementation. Lastly, it was found that engagement influenced participation in cost reduction policy implementation significantly. The practical implications are the discovery of theoretical, personal, and workplace practical best practices for the participation in cost reduction policy implementation in public organizations.
      PubDate: 2020-06-12
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.16969
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Economic and Social Development

    • Authors: Youssef CHAHINE
      Pages: 297 - 310
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship is used to denote explorers and innovators in various fields. It has affected by economics, psychology, marketing, sociology, history, strategic management and human sciences. It is also considered as one of the important areas in the economies of developed industrial countries and developing ones. Therefore entrepreneurial projects make an active contribution to expansion of comprehensive economic development in all countries. This paper attempts to provide a theoretical frame work on the concept of entrepreneurship, its importance, characteristics and components. It also deals with the most important obstacles, reforms and the extent of the impact of entrepreneurshipon economic and social development of the country. Many societies face different problems related to pushing economic development forward. Hence, the role of entrepreneurship lay which affect positively and substantially in supporting this progress.
      PubDate: 2020-06-18
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17206
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Community attitude towards Community Health Fund on Health Security in
           Kalambo District, Rukwa Region, Tanzania

    • Authors: Alexander D. Kasonso, Emanuel E. Chingonikaya, Anna N. Sikira
      Pages: 311 - 326
      Abstract: Community Health Fund (CHF) is one among health insurance schemes found in Tanzania. It was established in 1996 with the aim of improving the health of people who work in informal sectors. However, since its formulation, it has not performed well; the majority of HHs are not members, and some members are withdrawing from the scheme. The overall objective was to assess the attitude of community members towards the importance of CHF for health security. Specifically, the paper assesses the attitude towards CHF interventions among members and non-members of CHF and compares the attitude between members and non-members of CHF on health security. Cross sectional research design was used in this study. Simple random sampling technique using the lottery method was employed to select 354 respondents. Data were collected using a household questionnaire survey, Focus Group Discussions guide, Key Informant Interviews checklist and documents’ reviews. Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics and content analysis were used to analyze the data. The findings show that CHF has inclusive benefits to its members as it covers costs of health treatment rather than paying money every time they attend medical treatments. Furthermore, the attitude towards CHF among members and non-members was accounted for 9.3% and 51.9 negative, 2.3% and 4.1 neutral and 88.4 and 44.0 positive. This indicates that the majority of people in the study area had a positive attitude towards CHF services. Thus, the study concludes that a great proportion of members of CHF in Kalambo District have positive attitude towards CHF intervention while the majority of non-members have negative attitude towards CHF intervention because they were not aware of it due to lack of knowledge. It is recommended that the government should mainstream CHF intervention to all communities so that non-members can join the scheme and hence get better health services.  Also, the study recommends that the CHF service providers should put more emphasis on sensitising communities against negative attitudes from non-members of CHF.
      PubDate: 2020-06-18
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17207
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Autocracy, Institutional Constraints and Land Expropriation: A Conceptual
           Analysis of Land Redistribution in Zimbabwe

    • Authors: DUBE MAKUWERERE Langton
      Pages: 327 - 349
      Abstract: Using the Zimbabwean case, this article explores the assertion that autocracies are better placed than democracies in land redistribution because of lower institutional constraints and concentration of power which makes policy implementation easier. This is rightly so, because such political systems have the notoriety of neutralizing or eliminating the veto gauntlet which is normally strengthened by institutional autonomy.  Extant literature on land reform continues to grapple with overarching questions as to why countries redistribute land, relating to the type of conditions that incubate the need for reform and the political purpose that redistribution serve in this world. Equally important, is the need to interrogate the real beneficiaries of land reform. The study notes that in the post-Cold War globalized era of ‘fractured sovereignty’, redistribution from above remains attractive despite its protracted nature. However, against a post-colonial settler land discourse that memorializes race, privilege, dispossession, and restitution, the article evinces that land redistribution is tainted by elitism, clientelism, and partisanship which eventually distort its structural transformative power.
      PubDate: 2020-06-24
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17040
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Creative Education System at Secondary Level in Bangladesh: Teachers’
           and Students’ Perspectives

    • Authors: Sabina Yasmin
      Pages: 350 - 368
      Abstract: The creative education system is introduced in different stream of Bangladesh education towards developing the ingenious capability of students. The study is an endeavour that tries to know the possibilities and difficulties in the creative education system at the secondary level in Bangladesh from the teachers’ and students’ perceptions. It is an exploratory type of research that used primary and secondary sources of information to look for the problems, underlying the system. To collect primary data, Ambarkhana Girls’ High School & College; and Osmani Medical High School of Sylhet Sadar have been chosen as the study area. From the second tier of the chosen institutions; 60 students and 20 teachers are selected using a systematic random sampling method. The social survey method has been implied in this research and data collected through face to face interview method; along with a few well responded and informed respondents’ in-depth interview. Collected data from the respondents are then analyzed through a mixed research approach. The study findings reveal that most of the students signify the system enjoyable to study, memorizing reduced for textbooks learning, and appearance in examination turned easier. While others find the system confusing, difficult to understand questions and answer in examination hall within limited time. Besides, the system reciprocally encourages students to enrol in coaching centres for a vague idea about question pattern; lack of linkage between book and exam questions; and also, to get good marks. Findings from teachers' evaluation depict that though they welcome the system they are not well prepared to assimilate the system because of inadequate training facilities, absence of inquisitive seeking awareness program, dependence on the readymade question paper, challenges exerted on them to give students attention and proper guidance. The study recommends introducing well-researched textbooks avoiding mistakes, improving integrative classroom learning, controlling coaching business, increasing training facilities for teachers, providing awareness programs to make effective the creative education system in a competitive world of education.
      PubDate: 2020-06-24
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17236
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
  • Examining the Determinants of Privatization: The ASEAN Context

    • Authors: Chotiphun Tiaviwat
      Pages: 370 - 397
      Abstract: The paper examines economic, political, and institutional determinants of the propensity of privatization as well as the sensitivity of privatization under the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) context over the observational period from 1988 to 2008, with the Asian Financial Crisis being the median point of the observational period. This is particularly to investigate the organic progression of privatization of ASEAN nations as an isolated endogenous phenomenon. This paper, via a two-stage quantitative technique, aims to exhibit novel, and to a degree inventive insights that are unique to the context of ASEAN, as well as to identify potential policy implications directing towards how ASEAN policymakers may steer their national development policies to manufacture constructive economic, political, and institutional conditions needed to foster privatization processes. Our findings indicate that GDP per capita, current account balance, and stock market capitalization are statistically the key moving parts that contribute to the propensity of privatization as well as the sensitivity of privatization under the ASEAN context.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
      DOI: 10.5296/jpag.v10i2.17188
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
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