Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 43 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. Law Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Management and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Journal of Sustainable Development
Number of Followers: 30  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1913-9063 - ISSN (Online) 1913-9071
Published by CCSE Homepage  [43 journals]
  • Reviewer Acknowledgements for Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 13,
           No. 4

    • Abstract: Reviewer Acknowledgements for Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2020
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 04:04:16 +000
       
  • Sustainable Development and Ecological Modernization: Boundary Discourses
           between “Strong” and “Weak” Approaches

    • Abstract: The concepts of “sustainable development” and “ecological modernization” are todays’ main discourses of action on the global environmental crisis. However, the quest of priorities interpretation within concepts is raised: there is a path dependence of the hegemonic worldview of techno-economic progress that was supposed to be overcome. The objective of this text is to analyse how this dependence influenced the evolution of such concepts and their operational proposals. Methodologically, the research is based on a literature review on discourses of these concepts. A typology of “strong” and “weak” discourses highlights the possibilities of “business as usual” in its operational interpretation as well as the ways to overcome it. The results show that the confrontation between them lead to a conceptual evolution of sustainable development and ecological modernization that merges into a common agenda: the governance of ambivalence between economic and social progress and environmental frontiers. The text concludes by proposing the existence of a discursive game between “survival” and “tranquillity”. This highlights an essential tension between environmental mitigation and institutional change that has accompanied the political agenda in the past 50 years. The resulting reflexive governance as a choice implies a broad participation in decision-making processes so that environmental trade-offs are collectively discussed, and responsibilities are shared. Notwithstanding, the article claims that this essential tension further implies questioning if governance may not also be a new discourse of appeasement and political unaccountability.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 04:01:42 +000
       
  • The Social Sustainability of Public Debt in the Framework of Middle East
           

    • Abstract: The paper’s main objective is to analyze the social sustainability of the external public debt of some MENA countries, namely, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, and Turkey between 1990 and 2018. The study carries out a dual statistical and econometric analysis to determine the impact of external public debt on the population welfare. The first analysis aims to examine the evolution of the debt social sustainability indicators and the second uses the Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) panel data estimation technique.Statistical analysis reveals that the external public debt service weighs heavily on public spending in health, education, and public investment. While the econometric study establishes that the ratio of external public debt as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has a negative effect on the population’s standards of living.The study concludes that external public debt in MENA countries has been used to finance non-productive expenditures, which have no effect on the population’s living conditions. It highlights the need to consider the views of both debtors and creditors to achieve a comprehensive and sustainable approach to public debt. The latter should integrate the social and environmental consequences of debt on the well-being and living conditions of the population.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 03:59:15 +000
       
  • Evaluating the Energy Metabolic System in Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: Fast growing economy of Sri Lanka with an annual GDP growth rate of 5% has significantly increased demand for energy. As energy supply must grow in a sustainable way to meet the demand, concern over the environmental impact of energy flows have been gaining attention during policy development and implementation. Therefore, there is a need of comprehensively evaluating energy metabolic system in Sri Lanka to identify resource dependencies of the country that must be addressed to increase the sustainability. A conceptual energy metabolic model was developed identifying economic, social and demographic variables affecting energy demand, transformation and supply and GHG emissions in Sri Lanka. Developed model was used to evaluate the current energy flows and forecast the behaviour of energy metabolism while assessing the sustainability of the energy system using number of sustainability indicators.Developed model indicates an average annual growth rate of 4.06% in energy demand, 4.17% in non-renewable energy supply and 3.36% in GHG emissions. Transport sector has the highest GHG emissions percentage of 73%. Sustainability evaluation of the energy metabolic system shows that Sri Lanka is becoming more efficient and less energy intensive over the years. However, increase in GHG emissions per capita and emission intensity has a negative impact on the environmental sustainability while increase renewable energy share in total energy supply can be considered positive. The findings of the research give new insights to the energy system of Sri Lanka which enable energy planners to implement policies to transition towards a more secure and sustainable energy system.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jul 2020 07:50:58 +000
       
  • Land Use Dynamics and Variations in Sprawl across Municipalities in the
           Bamenda Urban-scape from 1996-2018

    • Abstract: Worldwide urban areas are having increasing influence over the surrounding landscape. Peri-urban regions of the world are facing challenges which results from sprawl with increasing problems of social segregation, wasted land and greater distance to work. This study seeks to examine the trends in land use dynamics, urban sprawl and associated development implications in the Bamenda Municipalities from 1996 to 2018. The study made use of the survey, historical and correlational research designs. The purposive and snowball techniques were used to collect data. Spatiotemporal analyses were carried out on Landsat Images for 1996, 2008, and 2018 obtained from Earth Explorer, Erdas Image 2014 and changes detected from the maps digitized. The SPSS version 21 and MS Excel 2016 were used to analyze quantitative and qualitative data. The former employed the Pearson correlation analysis. Analysis of land use/land cover change detection reveals that built-up area has increased significantly from 1996 to 2018 at the detriment of forest, wetland and agricultural land at different rates within each municipality. These changes have led to invasion of risk zones, high land values, uncoordinated, uncontrolled and unplanned urban growth. The study suggests that proactive planning, use of GIS to monitor land use activities, effective implementation of existing town planning norms and building regulations, are invaluable strategies to sustainably manage urban growth in Bamenda.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jul 2020 07:46:42 +000
       
  • Assessment of the Spatial Relationship between Air Pollutants in Kaduna
           Metropolis, Nigeria

    • Abstract: This study analyzes the varying spatial relationship between air pollutants [Carbon monoxide (CO), Sulphur dioxide (SO2), Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10)] in Kaduna metropolis. This was aimed at having more insight into be characteristics of air pollutants in the study area, which was geared towards efficient environmental management of the city. Validated portable pollutant monitors (MSA Altair 5x Gas Detectora, CO2 meter Model AZ-0002-DL and CW-HAT200 Particulate Counter) were utilized for data collection, on the concentration of air pollutants CO and SO2; CO2 and particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10) respectively. Pearson correlation and Geographical Weighed Regression (GWR) were used for data analysis, whereas, maps and tables were utilized for data presentation. The findings revealed that a non - perfect positive linear relationship exists between the air pollutants. The GWR model revealed that the distribution of the local R2 values vary spatially across Kaduna Metropolis, indicating that there is a spatially varying relationship between the air pollutants. Higher R2 values were mostly in the central and southern part of the metropolis except for PM2.5 and PM10 in the Northern part of the metropolis. The finding further reveals that CO has the strongest association with SO2, SO2 has the strongest association with PM2.5 and PM10, CO2 with SO2, PM10 has the highest association with PM2.5, likewise PM2.5 with PM10. The use of GWR to establish the existence of locally varying relationship between the air pollutants was successful. Hence, this study recommends the use of GWR to model air pollutants in cities with limited monitoring capability.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:45:02 +000
       
  • Sense of Place and Placelessness of Urban Open Spaces in Dar es Salaam

    • Abstract: Provision of urban open spaces, such as parks and squares has been manifested during planning and designing of cities with the goal of enhancing ecological, social and economic benefits. Socially, it is argued that urban open spaces offer urban residents solace and recreational platforms where residents can interact and perform active and passive recreational activities. Through observations and interviews conducted in two urban squares in Dar es Salaam, it has been revealed that the spaces do not produce a sense of place to its users due to low frequency of visitors and unintended uses. This paper concludes that in order to enhance sense of place, the provision of urban open spaces should address the socio-cultural everyday experiences and desires of the target population.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:40:23 +000
       
  • Sustainable Development in Healthcare Facilities. Case Study: Swedish and
           Greek Hospital

    • Abstract: In the past few years sustainable development has been in the center of attention among organizations around the world. The literature focuses mostly on the industry sector for its negative impact on the environment. However, a cautious study reveals that the healthcare sector similarly contributes to the climate change with a negative effect. The purpose of this study aims to analyze the ways (actions and plans) in which sustainable development is incorporated between a Greek and a Swedish healthcare facility. Relevant global literature and data were utilized together with the environmental reports of the two hospitals. In addition, a combined survey (interviews and quantitative research) was completed at the Greek facility to draw conclusions on the personnel’s knowledge and habits regarding sustainable development. The results highlighted the necessity to achieve sustainable development and the manner in which it has to be integrated into healthcare. Furthermore, the differences in actions that follow both the Greek and the Swedish hospital are pointed out, as well as similarities, with solutions adapted to the reality of its country individually. The outcome highlighted the significance of accomplishing sustainability in healthcare as well as in any other organization. Additionally, there are a lot of opportunities for improvement towards this goal. Solutions to various issues and possible ways of improvement are proposed, while the need for a new research at Greek national level is highlighted, so that sustainability actions can be adjusted to the Greek reality in the healthcare field.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:37:53 +000
       
  • Impacts of Green Office Projects in Thailand: An Evaluation Consistent
           with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    • Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the environmental, economic, and social impacts of a green office project in Thailand, that is consistent with sustainable development goals (SDGs), to analyze and present the result of the study of the environmental, economic, and social impact of green office, and to evaluate satisfaction in the green office project operation. Evaluated the operating steps of green office projects, using new green office evaluation criteria, under Department of Environmental Quality Promotion (DEQP), by collecting preliminary data through questionnaires from 73 agencies, by monitoring and analyzing the project operation of participating organizations to certify as green office standard during 2015 to 2017. Besides, qualitative data were collected through the in-depth interview from 25 representative agencies, selected on the criteria of readiness to provide information and to evaluate their satisfaction in the green office project’s operation. The value of the green office project was 299 million Baht for all participant organizations equal to 1.4 million Baht/office/year. And this could be divided into economic compensation, (262.5 million Baht), social compensation (28.5 million Baht), and environmental compensation (7.55 million Baht). Evaluation of satisfaction found that most agencies (79.45%) have high satisfaction to certification on the evaluation result of national auditors, benefit on staffs’ knowledge, understanding, and observation of the importance of green office operation (86.63%), and the advantage of green office operation in their office (90.41%). The study further suggests that green office projects should be supported as a national policy to all agencies for continuous enhancement or development of the standard, to be an international level according to sustainable development goals (SDGs).
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:34:32 +000
       
  • Nudging in Supermarkets to Reduce Plastic Bag Consumption among Customers:
           A Framework for Change

    • Abstract: Despite good intentions, the increasing number of plastic bag bans aimed at alleviating marine plastic pollution saw a correlated increase in the number of unintended consequences that emerged alongside the bans, suggesting that human behavior towards plastic bag consumption have not changed, but merely shifted, and are feeding into other major international environmental catastrophes. Nudge theory, which helps people make better choices for themselves without inhibiting their free will, is a potential solution that has been shown to play a subtle but important role in providing options under circumstances where complex information needs to be streamlined for the wider community, avoiding any unintended consequences and behavioural shifts that might arise from instruments that diminishes autonomy. It is therefore timely to look into the insights of nudge theory to encourage a positive behavioural change to reduce plastic bag consumption. Here we apply a systematic literature review to show how successful applications of nudges in supermarkets can be leveraged to reduce plastic bag consumption. We find that the current applications of nudges in various industries worldwide, including supermarkets have produced positive and encouraging results, as well as producing lasting behavioural change among the wider community. Supermarkets are identified as a powerful deployment site of these nudges due to their positioning as a dominant provider of plastic bags to the wider community, as well as being the largest and leading provider of daily food needs. Finally, we synthesise our findings to produce a coherent and testable framework of actionable interventions that supermarkets can employ to nudge customers towards reduced plastic bag reliance, accompanied with a visual timeline of a customer shopping in a supermarket experiencing these nudges.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:31:40 +000
       
  • Reassessing the Impact of Financial Services on Urban Manufacturing Firms:
           An Impact Evaluation Method in Ethiopia

    • Abstract: The stock of financial literature reveals emerging and conflicting stands on the effect of finance on the performance of the economy. The previous thoughts considered finance into account as an important driving force to growth through its role in intermediation, reduction of transaction costs and risk, and efficient uses of resources. Nevertheless, the newly emerging thoughts focus on the vanishing effect of finance due to its stiff competition over resources with the rest of the economy. The dialogues also reflected in the process of industrialization and promoting the manufacturing sector. Therefore, the general objective of this study is to reexamine the impact of financial services on the performance of manufacturing firms in Ethiopia with a special focus on firms in Addis Ababa. The study used propensity score matching method. The result shows that those who access finance has increased their operating margin profit by 2.6 on average in comparison with the non-treated groups. The treated groups have 0.42 greater net return on a net asset than non-treated groups on average. Therefore, the study suggests that financial institutions should increase their involvement to expand the accessibility of financial products to manufacturing firms that are the expected engines of sustainable growth and economic transformation.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:30:05 +000
       
  • Evaluating the Building Technology Stimulus Initiative Offered by Ministry
           of Housing within the Kingdom’s Vision 2030

    • Abstract: The ministry of housing recently developed a new initiative to support the housing sector in Saudi Arabia, which is the building technology stimulus initiative (BTSI). The needs of this initiative arose due to the high demands of housing units. The importance of the BTSI appears on its ability to reduce the construction period time and to provide a better life cycle with reasonable prices. This paper aims to assess the positive and negative aspects of this initiative in social, economic, and environmental sides. It explains how this initiative can fulfillment the kingdom’s vision of 2030. The paper adopts a descriptive analysis of BTSI based on the reports of the Ministry of Housing and the National Vision 2030. The survey was designed to evaluate the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of the BTSI from the perspective of (72) specialists and academics in the scope of housing and building technology. The survey has been analyzed using the SPSS software and the Google Drive charts. The results show that BTSI can help to reduce the period time for housing construction, the use of skilled labor, and increase the high-level professional career opportunities. More, over, The BTSI can provide a healthy environment and reduce visual pollution and waste. In case of mass production, The BTSI contributes to reducing the cost of housing provided by the Ministry of Housing for low-income people. Finally, the paper proposes a gradual transition toward construction technology in the Ministry of Housing projects and the development of policies to motivate the private sector to invest in building technology in partnership with international construction firms.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:27:40 +000
       
  • Review of the Evidence: The Interface between Poverty, Livelihoods,
           Institutions, and Community Development

    • Abstract: This paper seeks to critically review the existing literature on the links or interfaces between poverty, livelihoods, institutions, and community development. This discussion gives a clear understanding of how poverty is created and gives a clue of how sustainable policy intervention could be developed. The study adopted the Sustainable Livelihood Approach as an overall theoretical framework that guides this discussion. The reviewed literature shows that there are strong and complex interfaces between poverty, livelihoods, institutions and community development and they influence each other in several ways. The interfaces between these concepts influence the choices and nature of livelihood strategies that people employ to pursue their livelihood outcomes. The livelihood outcomes may be positive or negative and it is determined by how these concepts are linked together. For instance, the existing empirical evidences shows that having access to livelihood assets, investment in infrastructure, presence of enabling policy and institution result in positive livelihood outcomes whereas lack of access to assets, increased vulnerabilities, low investment in infrastructures, lack of popular participation, poverty and weak policy and institution together result in adopting of failed livelihood strategies which in turn resulted in negative livelihood outcomes. Thus, to formulate policies, strategies and programs that can effectively address poverty and result in sustainable development, policy makers should consider and understand the connection between these concepts before the formulation of policy, strategies or programs. Without understand this it is difficult to formulate policies, programs, and strategies that can positively contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable development.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:25:04 +000
       
  • Climate Inaction in Business Management: An Exploratory Review of the
           Literature

    • Abstract: Climate change is considered as one of the major threats for the international community due to its negative consequences in the financial, social, and environmental issues. Companies, who are considered as an essential element in the mitigation process, have exerted corporate inactivity to address climate change that has led to the increment of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, contributing to climate change over the last decade. The objective of this review is to explore, summarize, and analyze the state of knowledge in the business and management literature about climate inaction that guides future researches to diminish this corporate inactivity, enhancing the practices aimed to reduce such emissions. The review was developed through the narrative method in order to acquire a broad perspective of the phenomenon through the examination of 24 articles from the Web of Science from 1998 to 2018. Our findings indicate that climate inaction is nascent and fragmented literature where the company is identified as one of the main actors, being this approach developed from different perspectives that guide to decrease such corporate inactivity, and motivating the corporate action. The inclusion of the concept of climate inaction might lead to an understanding of the mechanisms for climate mitigation, providing a guide for future research in the field of environmental performance.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:22:10 +000
       
  • User-Related Issues in Design and Use of Smartgrids Seen as Complex
           Sociotechnical Systems: Example of the VERTPOM Project

    • Abstract: The impact of human activities on the environment is no longer to be demonstrated today and concerns many fields. With a view to environmental protection, applied to global warming limitation and fossil fuels preservation, Smartgrids are currently emerging, especially, under the impetus of European and French legislation. In emerging technologies, end-user-related issues, articulated with the design process, continue to raise conceptual, methodological and operational questions. The perspective of complex sociotechnical systems is useful for Smartgrids and to underline the necessary multidisciplinary approach to design. Yet raised for decades, the articulation of multidisciplinary approaches in the design of complex systems still questions fundamental problems today. These questions are all more unresolved in the context of innovative technologies such as Smartgrids. The objective of this paper is to propose 1) a conceptual reflection applied to the design of these Smartgrids seen as emerging sociotechnical systems, and 2) a case study by illustrating with the VERTPOM project. On the one hand, we discuss four fundamental points in user-centered design of Smartgrids: we describe the legislative impulses for the rollout of smart metters and the emergence of Smartgrids, we highlight the supplier/consumer synergy that is essential for efficient energy management, we explain the importance of adapting systems to the wide public in domestic, professional and public situations in the context of consumer control of energy demand, and we address the issue of the more traditional field of supervision and control of complex dynamic processes by operators. On the other hand, we present the VERTPOM project aiming at developing a set of digital tools for energy management and energy efficiency in order to make a positive energy territory that produces more energy than it consumes by introducing the project and its actors and explaining how design acceptable Smartgrids for consumers and operators of energy suppliers.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:18:22 +000
       
  • Potential of Jackfruit Waste for Biogas, Briquettes and as a Carbondioxide
           Sink-A Review

    • Abstract: One of the key aspects of a green economic development model of a country is to develop indigenous resources and local expertise while utilizing sustainable technologies. This review explored the possibilities of utilizing jackfruit waste for production of biogas, briquettes and biochar. In many of the developing countries, there is huge potential for organic waste conversion into appropriate energy solutions. These can contribute to developing rural areas especially small holder farmers and diversifying the available energy sources. Biomass waste like jackfruit waste when managed well can produce bio-energy, but also the GHG emissions need to be reduced from unmanaged, decomposing organic material. When put to use, agricultural biowastes like jackfruit waste could be used as raw materials in the production of bio-products (biofuels, biochar, bio pesticides), briquettes, among others. The biochar can be mixed with the soil producing carbon-rich soils and contribute to CO2 sequestration and soil fertility. This paper reviews works focused on using jackfruit waste for anaerobically producing of biogas, briquettes and biochar for improved crop production. The paper concluded that jackfruit waste can anaerobically decompose to produce biogas and it can also be used for briquette production. It was further concluded that jackfruit waste can undergo decomposition at high temperatures to produce biochar which can be incorporated into the soil creating a CO2 sink hence helping in mitigating the effects of the climate change.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:15:24 +000
       
  • A Model to Estimate Stored Carbon in the Upland Forests of the Wanggu
           Watershed

    • Abstract: Climate change coupled with deforestation has brought about an increase in greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. One way to control climate change is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by maintaining the integrity of natural forests and increasing the density of tree populations. This research aimed to (a) identifies the density of stand trees in the upland forests of the Wanggu Watershed; (b) analyze the potential carbon stocks contained in the upstream forests of the Wanggu Watershed; (c) develop a model to estimate potential carbon stocks in the upland forests of the Wanggu Watershed. The land cover classification in this study used the guided classification with the Object-Based Image algorithm. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was employed as an indicator of vegetation cover density. Field measurements were carried out by calculating the diameter of the stand trees in 30 observation plots. Field biomass values were obtained through allometric equations. Regression analysis was conducted to determine the correlation between NDVI densities and field biomass. The results showed that the best equation for estimating potential carbon stocks in the Wanggu Watershed forest area was y = 3.48 (Exp. 7,435x), with an R2 of 50.2%. Potential above ground biomass carbon in the Wanggu Watershed based on NDVI values was 414,043.26 tons in 2019, consist of protected forest areas of 279,070.15 tons and production forests of 134,973.11 tons. While total above biomass carbon based on field measurement reached 529,541.01 tons, consist of protected forests of 419,197.82 tons and production forests of 110,343.20 tons.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 09:12:49 +000
       
  • Measuring the Thermal Comfort and the Sound Level in Design Studio Classes
           in Architecture Engineering Colleges

    • Abstract: Thermal comfort is one of the most important topics in the course Environmental Control, ARC404 assign to Architecture program in the college of architecture Engineering and Digital Design, 6 students in this course will share in the research, will distribute in three groups. This research is aiming to let the students learn and practice how to measure the thermal comfort in-studio classes focusing on the temperature, the humidity, and the noise, analysing and find solutions. The methodology of the research is based on using monitor devices; noise level smart meter, smart temperature and humidity measurement meter with data analysis by using Excel computer program as well as, distrusting a survey to know the user’s opinion. The college has three types of a studio class, one facing the courtyard, with large glass window, the second at the middle of the corridor with high-level window, the third one is far away from the courtyard without any window. The results compared by The United Nation Environut Protection Agency (EPA) noise levels. The results show that the studio class CBC09 level of sound exceed 60 dB which consider as noise. Also, the class CBC01 is the most comfortable class because of 25 C° temperature, 40% humidity and 55 DB the sound level is also exceed the limit by EPA. The conclusion of the research paper will highlight some scientific solutions in walls, ceiling and floors for the studio classes to be applied in the future.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 07:33:32 +000
       
  • Analysis of Factors Influencing Marketing Channel Choices by Smallholder
           Farmers: A Case Study of Paddy Product in Wet and Dry Season of Prey Veng
           Province, Cambodia

    • Abstract: This study analyzes factors influencing marketing channels that were chosen by paddy smallholder farmers in the wet and dry season. The aims focused on determining the factors influence marketing channel choices to be able to reveal out the need for smallholder farmers to increase their productions and investments to formulate policies to enhance them such as increasing revenue, poverty alleviation, food security, and sustainable development. The primary data was collected through structured and semi-structured interviews with 216 smallholder farmers cultivated in both seasons, 12 collectors, 12 traders, 12 millers, 6 wholesalers, and 6 retailers by analyzed with Multinomial Logit. Results revealed that socio-economic, institutional, and marketing factors were different statistically significant influence into marketing channel choices in both seasons. These findings relate to factors that need to resolve and stimulate smallholder farmers to choose the right marketing channels by suggestion to policymakers. The outcomes of policies aim to stimulate and encourage extension office to support, sharing experiences, and knowledge to smallholder farmers who older, low experiences, and low educations. To improve extension services by the focus on telecommunications, storage facilities, and rural infrastructures. Moreover, urge smallholder farmers to market participation, and enhance market competitions. Finally, the policymakers should work efforts to improve and enhance the ongoing investments in the water supporting such as small, medium, large irrigation systems, and so forth for reducing the constraints.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Jul 2020 10:40:00 +000
       
  • Feed-in-Tariff Removal in UK’s Community Energy: Analysis and
           Recommendations for Business Practices

    • Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the implications of Feed-In-Tariff (FIT) support removal in the UK’s community energy sector and make recommendations for future business practices. European countries, including the UK, have recognized the critical role of Community Energy Cooperatives (CECs) in achieving low-carbon-energy transition targets through citizen engagements. However, due to the withdrawal of FIT support and other incentives in the UK, CECs struggle to sustain their profitability and growth. The subsidy-free, market-oriented policies have necessitated that CECs explore new business opportunities in collaboration with other actors of the business ecosystems. In this paper, we reviewed the impact of FIT support removal on community groups in the UK's member states, England, Scotland, and Wales. We analyzed effective business practices that CECs could follow to improve business viability and achieve growth. Based on our review, we make three recommendations for the business practices that can help CECs to remain profitable and grow in the UK’s subsidy-free environment. We recommend that CECs 1) take part in shared ownership projects, 2) collaborate with local actors for bottom-up initiatives, and 3) explore low-interest financing models within the business ecosystem. The implication of findings from this paper includes new knowledge for CEC managers and policymakers in countries where the community energy sector is at a novice stage.
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jul 2020 13:43:41 +000
       
 
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