Abstract: Many astrophysical and cosmological observations suggest that the matter in the universe is mostly of the dark matter type whose behavior goes beyond the Standard Model description. Hence it is justifiable to take a drastically different approach to the dark matter particles which is here done through the bicubic equation of limiting particle velocity formalism.The bicubic equation discriminant $D$ in this undertaking satisfy $D\succeq 0 $ determined by the congruent parameter $z$ satisfying $z^{2}\succeq 1$, where formally $z(m)=3\sqrt{3}mv^{2}/2E$, \ with $m$, $v$, and $E$ being respectively, particle mass, velocity and energy. Also nonlinearly related to the the particle congruent parameter $z$ is the particle congruent angle $% \alpha $ . These two dimensionless\ parameters $z$ \ and $\alpha $ simplify expressions in the bicubic equation limiting particle velocity formalism when evaluating the three particle limiting velocities, $c_{1},$ $c_{2}$\ and $c_{3},$ (primary, obscure and normal) in terms of the ordinary particle velocity, $v$. Corresponding to these limiting velocities \ one then deduces, with equal values, dark matter particle energies $E\left(c_{1}\right) $, $E\left( c_{2}\right) $ and $E\left( c_{3}\right) $. The exemplary values of the congruent parameters are in these regions, $1\preceq z\prec 3\sqrt{3}$ $/2$ and $\pi /2\succeq \alpha \succeq \pi /3$ . Already within these ranges of congruent parameters, the bicubic formalism yields for squares of particle limiting velocities that $c_{1}^{2}$ and $c_{2}^{2}$ are complex conjugate to each other, $c_{1}^{2\ast }=c_{2}^{2}$ ,and that $% c_{3\text{ }}^{2}$is real. The imaginary portions of $c_{1}^{2}$ and $% c_{2}^{2}$ do not change the realities of numerically equal to each other dark matter energies $E\left( c_{i}\right) ,i=1,2,3.$ In fact, real $E\left(c_{1,2}\right) $ energies can be equally evaluated with $c_{1,2}^{2}$ or $% \func{Re}$ $c_{1,2}^{2}$ or even with $\func{Im}c_{1,2}^{2}$ so that in new notation, $E\left( _{1,2}^{2}\right) =E\left( \func{Re}c_{1,2}^{2}\right) =E\left( \func{Im}c_{1,2}^{2}\right) $ $=E\left( c_{3}^{2}\right) $ all with the same real values. However, in these notations, the real particle momenta are $\overrightarrow{p}\left( (\func{Re}c_{1,2}^{2}\right) $ and $\\overrightarrow{p}\left( (c_{3}^{2}\right) $, defined with respective energies and, while in similar forms , numerically are different from eachother. PubDate: Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:12:18 +000

Abstract: The potentially imminent and existential threat from a nuclear electromagnetic pulse are arguably inflated, voiced to garner attention to the true issue, that today’s microelectronics are incredibly vulnerable to electromagnetic damage caused by sudden voltage spikes from the electromagnetic pollution. Additionally, a nuclear electromagnetic pulse does not need to be detonated in outer space to cause signification disruption to communications systems’ data and information flow across the celestial domain. High altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) detonations do not need to occur in outer space to have wide ranging effects; in describing electromagnetic pulses, the high-altitude moniker is tied to any detonation above nineteen miles (thirty point-five kilometers). High altitude electromagnetic pulse detonations ranging from fifty to one hundred kilometers can project wave effects into outer space and affect spacecraft through both direct damage (contemporary views regarding electromagnetic pulse) and radiation-induced torques on the solar arrays, misaligning satellite antennas and sensors. If an actor – state or otherwise – wished to compete or contest another along the congested celestial lines of communications (CLOCs), it can be done at great distance from the affected entity by use of a high altitude electromagnetic pulse on the ‘far side’ of the orbit. Additionally, the historic maritime tactic of blockade has applicability in space; yesterday’s ships are today’s gamma ray damage to microelectronics. Furthermore, the employment of a nuclear weapon-delivered high-altitude electromagnetic pulse remains a treaty violation, for those who are a party to. However, greater jurisprudence study is lacking regarding this matter, and the accompanying concern of transboundary harm as it relates to territorial sovereignty. In summary, an actor can contest another’s use of the celestial lines of communications by detonating a nuclear weapon, at high-altitude but within the atmosphere (i.e., below one hundred kilometers), and within the lateral boundaries of their sovereign territory and associated territorial waters, and allow wave’s effects to radiate widely to interrupt operations and possibly inflict permanent damage, all without being in violation of treaty or customary law. This manuscript substantiates the prequel baseline for follow-on research on mitigation of the deleterious effects on communication system circuits in attempts to void the blockage on celestial lines of communications, and the sequel is briefly introduced with a short description of the state-of-the-art research. PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:14:26 +000

Abstract: At the beginning of 1995, I was looking to produce a new concept of the Astronomical Period (AP) which may be determined by the shortest period of Lunar years which this period includes leap years and common years, just to get a simple formula for calculating the average length of the lunar year where I finally deduced the first formula about this average by using the simple math (the four elementary arithmetic operations).By this rule, I methodically educed what I essentially considered it as an acceptable consequence which, indeed, encouraged me to do more research about the best resources that required to deal with the concept of (AP) where I found something like the hidden signals in Islamic Holy Book (The Great Qur’an) which led me by the elicitation method to get the perfect astronomical constants besides of an evolving conclusion about what I considered it as a scientific guide to the universal code.What the exiting in this research is: these (perfect astronomical constants) had successfully passed the test of three physical laws in motion which means that the hypothesis of this research (elicitation method) is not arbitrary, and the conclusions of this research had truly deduced by innovative scientific basis. PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:12:32 +000

Abstract: The use of adsorption in Thermal Energy Storage has gained considerable research interest of late. Some applications have focused on the use of TES for transformation of low temperature heat in applications such as cooling and heating. Zeolite and water have been studied as suitable materials. Their characteristics as environmentally friendly materials and high affinity makes them conspicuous. The unique properties of zeolites to hold adsorbed water/heat with very minimal loss is also significant. With the aid of a dynamo, a Stirling engine as heat engine and the adsorption energy storage system serving as heat pump was used to generate electricity. The relationship between electricity generation and temperature was investigated. The obtained average temperature and pressure of the zeolite - water adsorption heat pump was also compared with the basic adsorption cycle. PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:11:03 +000

Abstract: In our approach we have combined knowledge of Old Masters (working in this field before the year 1905), New Masters (working in this field after the year 1905) and Dissidents under the guidance of Louis de Broglie and David Bohm. Based on the great works of Wilhelm Wien and Max Planck we have presented a new look on the “Wien Peaks” and the Planck Distribution Function and proposed the “core-shell” model of the photon. There are known many “Wien Peaks” defined for different contexts. We have introduced a thermodynamic approach to define the Wien Photopic Peak at the wavelength λ = 555 nm and the Wien Scotopic Peak at the wavelength λ = 501 nm to document why Nature excellently optimized the human vision at those wavelengths. There could be discovered many more the so-called Wien Thermodynamic Peaks for other physical and chemical processes. We have attempted to describe the so-called Planck oscillators as coupled oscillations of geons and dyons. We have decomposed the Planck distribution function in two parts. Inspired by the Bohm Diffusion and the Bohm Sheath Criterion we have defined the plasma coupling constant that couple oscillations of geons and photons. The difference of the Planck least action of photons and the least action of geons might define the Barrier of Determinacy that create a limit for the resolution in the Microworld. We have newly formulated the Hubble cooling constant and inserted it into the Newton-Zwicky Cooling Law of photons for the description of the cooling of old photons. This proposed view on Planck´s Oscillators might open a new way for the description of “Heat” and “Light” processes. PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:08:11 +000

Abstract: We propose a Quantum model of Inertia using two main hypotheses, (i) existence of a general isotropic flux of Quanta (named “Universons”, which differ from Gravitons), propagating at light velocity into the Universe, (ii) a very short time duration interaction of these Quanta with elementary massive matter particles, with temporary momentum transfer (really a 2π phase shift of the wave function). Model parameters values are obtained from observations. The natural flux has Random Fluctuations in intensity and in direction, predicted to be the cause of Gravitational acceleration, a model of Gravitation is deduced. Predictions of the two models are confirmed by free fall of cold Neutrons; and by strong electrons accelerations into superconducting devices. A supplementary Cosmological acceleration H0 c, from Universe expansion, is predicted and confirmed by Astronomical observations. Galaxies rotation velocities are predicted from quantum fluctuations and H0c effect, solving the enigma that required Cold Dark Matter mass hypothesis. The cosmological concordance model has therefore to be strongly modified, and the isotropic flux expansion could also explain observations without “Dark Energy”. PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:06:31 +000

Abstract: We demonstrate that it is by considering the existence of an “ether” that one can define the notions of time, velocity and mass, and prove that Einstein’s second principle implies the existence of this ether since the light propagates independently of its emitter velocity. Then, that the particle velocity is a group velocity different from the phase velocity when the particle is massive. One interprets then the Morley-Michelson experiment in the frame of the ether. Let be L0 a fixed distance between two points immobile in a long vehicle in the ether, and let a photon that, when this vehicle is immobile relatively to the ether, travels the distance L0 in this vehicle. An observer immobile in the immobile vehicle sees that the distance traveled by the photon is also L0 . But, if the vehicle moves, e.g., at the velocity V relatively to the ether, and the photon at the velocity c also relatively to the ether, then an observer immobile in the moving vehicle will find that the distance traveled by this photon is not L0 but is L(V) defined by L(V)=L(0)1-V/c2 ). We prove then that L(V) PubDate: Fri, 31 Jul 2020 23:04:30 +000