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Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 41 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 41 of 41 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Management and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Environment and Pollution
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1927-0909 - ISSN (Online) 1927-0917
Published by CCSE Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Stability and Maturity of Different Poultry Manures and Potential
           Utilization for Horticultural Production

    • Authors: Mebelo Mataa, Namakau Manzi, Kalaluka Munyinda
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This study evaluated stability, maturity and the efficacy of different poultry litter for possible use in container plant production. Three types of poultry manure- Battery cage (BC), Deep litter (DL) and Free range (FR) were used, with Kraal manure (KM) as a comparison. The experiment was set up as a Split- split design with 6 replications. Composting period was main plot, poultry manure type the split plot and mixing ratio as the split- split plot. The litter was mixed with garden soil in 2 ratios (3:1 and 1:1 soil: manure ratio) and tested for up to 12 weeks. Rape (Brassica napus) was used as a bioassay for maturity, which was determined at 1 month, 2 months and 3 months. The pH declined slightly from 7 to about 6 for all treatments except for the kraal manure. Respiration trends were similar to electrical conductivity. Within 2 weeks of curing the respiration rate for all manures declined to below 4 mg CO2- C/ kg. At the end of 12 weeks curing Battery cage had highest total nitrogen (2.32 %), followed by Free range (1.25 %), Deep litter (0.73 %) and Kraal manure was lowest at 0.35 %). Maturity (rape survival) increased with compositing time. After 3 months of curing Kraal manure had highest survivability of rape. The DL at 1:1 ratio had the lowest survival of 67%. At 12 weeks except for BC at 3:1 all treatments had 100 % survival. The results showed that nitrogen rich manures (DL and BC) needed longer curing in order for them to reach maturity.
      PubDate: 2018-07-16
      DOI: 10.5539/ep.v7n2p1
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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