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Publisher: CCSE   (Total: 41 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 41 of 41 Journals sorted alphabetically
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cancer and Clinical Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Computer and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
English Language and Literature Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Environment and Natural Resources Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environment and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global J. of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
Intl. Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Intl. J. of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Intl. J. of English Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Intl. J. of Marketing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Intl. J. of Psychological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Statistics and Probability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
J. of Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Educational and Developmental Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
J. of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Geography and Geology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Management and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Materials Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Molecular Biology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Plant Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Network and Communication Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Review of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Environment and Natural Resources Research
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1927-0488 - ISSN (Online) 1927-0496
Published by CCSE Homepage  [41 journals]
  • Carbon dioxide retrieval of Argus 1000 space data by using GENSPECT
           line-by-line radiative transfer model

    • Abstract: The micro-spectrometer Argus 1000 being in space continuously monitors the sources and sinks of the trace gases. It is commonly believed that among other gases CO_2 is the major contributor causing the greenhouse effect. Argus 1000 along its orbit gathers the valuable spectral data that can be analyzed and retrieved. In this paper we present the retrieval of CO_2 gas in the near infrared window 1580 to 1620 nm by using line-by-line code GENSPECT. The retrieved Argus 1000 space data taken over British Columbia on May 31, 2010 indicates an enhancement of CO_2 by about 30%.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Sep 2019 21:44:42 +000
  • Woody Encroachment Extent and Its Associated Impacts on Plant and
           Herbivore Species Occurrence in Maswa Game Reserve, Tanzania

    • Abstract: Habitat degradation caused by woody plant encroachment has been a common phenomenon in savanna ecosystems. An increasing woody plant cover in open grassland reduces grazing grounds and, consecutively, impacts mammalian herbivores, but structural changes and their associated impact have rarely been assessed and quantified. We analyzed the extent of woody plant encroachment via remote sensing and used transects and plots to assess encroaching woody plant species and their associated impacts on herbaceous plant and herbivore species in Maswa Game Reserve, Tanzania. We found that woody plant cover had increased by 0.5% to 2.6% per annum over the last thirty years, while in other parts of the park it has decreased by 0.5% to 1.5% per annum. Acacia drepanolobium was the dominant encroaching woody species, and the number of stems in heavily encroached sites was seven times and three times higher than in open grassland and at medium encroached sites, respectively. In encroached plots, grazer and mixed feeder species occurrence were reduced while the presence of browser species was slightly elevated. Furthermore, our finding shows that bare ground cover is positively correlated with an increase of woody plant cover. Additionally, the number of herbaceous species slightly increased with the increase of woody plant encroachment, while the herbaceous cover was negatively correlated with the increase of woody plant cover. We suggest that fire regimes should be taken up to suppress the ongoing encroachment processes while strongly encroached sites might need mechanical intervention to control dense vegetation. This emphasis is on fire, particularly prescribed fire as a management tool of vegetation in Savanna ecosystem. We conclude that, woody plant encroachment is driven by different factors such as fire, mega-herbivores and topology that may interactively trigger woody plant encroachment in Savanna ecosystem.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Jul 2019 19:27:41 +000
  • The Importance of Bushmeat in Household Income as a Function of Distance
           from Protected Areas in the Western Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania

    • Abstract: Bushmeat hunting is widespread in villages adjacent to protected areas in Western Serengeti. However, little information is available about the role of bushmeat income in the household economy as a function of distance from the protected area boundary, preventing the formulation of informed policy for regulating this illegal trade. This study was conducted in three villages in Western Serengeti at distances of 3 (closest), 27 (intermediate) and 58km (furthest) from the boundary of Serengeti National Park to assess the contribution of bushmeat to household income. The sample consists of 246 households of which 96 hunted or traded bushmeat, identified using snowball sampling through the aid of local informers. The average income earned from bushmeat was significantly higher for bushmeat traders than hunters. The contribution of bushmeat to household income was significantly higher in Robanda the village closest to the protected area boundary compared to Rwamkoma and Kowak, the more distant villages. A Heckman sample-selection model reveals that household participation in hunting and trading bushmeat was negatively associated with distance to the protected area boundary and with the household head being female. Household reliance on bushmeat income was negatively associated with age and gender of the household head and distance to the protected area boundary. Hence, efforts to reduce involvement in hunting, and trading bushmeat should target male-headed households close to the protected area boundary.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Jul 2019 03:26:35 +000
  • Influence of Multiple Linear Infrastructure on Diversity of Small Mammals
           in Mikumi National Park, Tanzania

    • Abstract: The need for rapid development in developing countries has led to establishment of major public infrastructure even in biodiversity rich protected areas. Mikumi National Park in central Tanzania is traversed by five such major infrastructures namely an optic fibre, a busy public road, an oil pipeline, power lines and railways. We assessed diversity and abundance of small terrestrial mammals of the order Eulipotyphla and Rodentia as indicator groups in relation to impacts of such infrastructure. Animals were live trapped during wet (February-April) and dry (July- September) seasons in 2018 from three established plots along the three transects set perpendicular to each of the four infrastructures. In 10102 trap nights, we captured 453 small mammals of nine species of which Mastomys natalensis constituted 75.4 % of total catch. Diversity and abundance varied between seasons, infrastructure and plots location. Dry season had significantly higher diversity than wet season and the railway site had higher diversity than the other infrastructure. The intermediate plots (500 m from infrastructure) had significantly higher abundance of animals than immediate (0-50 m) and distant (1000 m) plots. The differences in these results can be attributed by seasonal fluctuations of animal populations, and intensity of disturbance in each infrastructure and plot. It is important to examine impacts of future infrastructure developments using small mammals.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jun 2019 03:08:29 +000
  • Strategies for Increasing the Biohydrogen Yield in Anaerobic Fermentation
           of Xylose

    • Abstract: The pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials to obtain cellulose generates a residual stream with hemicellulosic composition, mainly containing xylose. This C5 fraction is not directly fermentable by microorganisms traditionally used to produce ethanol. Hence, more promising alternatives for the C5 fraction have been studied, and acidogenic fermentation proves to be an attractive option for the production of biohydrogen, due to the possibility of using hemicellulose fractions and mixed anaerobic cultures. To reduce the activity of hydrogen-consuming microorganisms when mixed cultures are employed as inoculum to produce hydrogen by anaerobic fermentation, thermal pretreatment was selected. However, such pretreatment method also affects the activity of hydrogen-producing acidogenic bacteria, and strategies should be studied to enrich the inoculum for these bacteria and to increase hydrogen yields. Thus, this study evaluated the effect of some strategies on the biohydrogen production from xylose. The strategies adopted were thermal pretreatment of the sludge, maintenance of the incubation temperature at 35 °C, adaptation of the sludge by successive contacts with the xylose solution, and increasing inoculum to substrate ratio (I/S) from 1 to 2. This approach improved hydrogen yield approximately 30 times, from 0.03 to 0.93 mmol H2/mmol xylose. However, this yield was only 56% of the theoretical value and can still be improved.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Jun 2019 16:52:45 +000
  • Research on Visual Interpretation and Spatial Distribution Pattern of the
           Erosion Gully in Luoyugou Watershed of China

    • Abstract: There are criss-cross Ravines and gullies in the Loess Plateau, where the erosion gullies grows better. The loess material, which is loose and has the vertical jointing, is easy to suffer from the erosion; the types of erosion in this area mainly include gravitational erosion and the trench erosion. There are typical gulling erosion in Luoyugou watershed of Tianshui northern suburb, located in the interactive region of Longxi Loess plateau hill-gully area and the Longnan mountainous area. Under the support of the SPOT satellite photos in 2008 and field survey, the paper establishes the visual interpretation features of erosion gully, extracting the information of erosion gully, and uses the landscape pattern analytical method, studying the spatial distribution pattern of the erosion gully in the watershed. Finally, the paper draws the following conclusions: 1) The shapes of erosion gullies are strip or arborization, and in the black-white image, the stable erosion gullies appear deep dark color, active erosion gullies present the bright color, and half-active erosion gullies are the shallow dark color; while in color synthesis image, the color of stable erosion gullies mixes garnet, and other erosion gullies are bright green. 2) There are more erosion gullies in the study area where human activities occur frequently, such as the both sides of terraced field, the side of road and the river marshland, the both sides of terraced field have. 3) The erosion gullies in the study watershed are primarily stable ones, whose area accounts for 51.3% of the total erosion gullies, and half-active ones accounts for 18.3%. This phenomenon indicates the progress in the control of the erosion gullies in this basin. 4) From the upstream to the downstream in the research basin, the erosion gully's average shape index has the tendency to reduce gradually, illustrating that the more getting nearly to the downstream, the more the slope of erosion gully to be gentler. The data results match well with the actual terrain feature.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 13:32:13 +000
  • Benchmarking on Water Resource Utilization Efficiency of Prefecture-Level
           Cities in Jiangxi, China: A Bootstrap-DEA Approach with Three-Stage DEA

    • Abstract: China has long been adopted traditional data envelopment analysis (DEA) models to measure water resources utilization efficiency of different provinces and cities without bias correction of efficiency scores. In this study, the Bootstrap-DEA approach embedded 3-stage DEA models was introduced to analyze the comprehensive efficiency of water resources utilization in the different prefecture-level cities Jiangxi and tried to improve the application of this method for benchmarking and inter-regional research. It is found that the bias corrected efficiency scores of Bootstrap-DEA differ significantly from those of the traditional DEA model, which implies that Chinese researchers need to update their DEA models for more scientific calculation of water resources utilization efficiency scores. This research has helped narrow the inter-regional gap in the comprehensive efficiency measurement and improvement of water resources utilization. It is suggested that Bootstrap-DEA embedded 3-stage DEA models be widely applied into afterward research to measure comprehensive efficiency of water resources utilization in regional inter-city so as to better serve for efficiency improvement and related decision making.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jun 2019 21:00:51 +000
  • Multi-Layered Cloud Distribution Over Tropical Station Using Radiosonde
           Humidity Observations and CloudSat Measurements

    • Abstract: Owing to its importance of role played by multi-layered clouds in climate of earth’s atmosphere, a decadal observation (January, 2000 to December, 2009) from India Meteorological Department, Trivandrum regular radiosonde (00 & 12 UTC) ascents and CloudSat observations were used to study the distribution of multi-layered cloud formation at this location. Both the ground and space based observations at Trivandrum locations shows the more or less same percentage of occurrence of single-, double-, three-, four- and five-layered clouds. The important findings are: Radiosonde derived cloud ‐free cases and one to five cloud layers account for 30.63%, 42.51%, 19.76%, 5.85%, 1.08%, and 0.16% all cases, respectively, whereas CloudSat shows 47.17%, 24.74%, 6.41%, 1.81%, 0.13% of the total samples, respectively. In general, the thickness of cloud layers does not change much from summer to winter. However, the occurrences of multi-layered clouds are more frequent in the summer. Further, keeping the CloudSat limitations in view, an attempt is made to evaluate the CloudSat observations using radiosonde measurements and which has the great potential for studying the multi-layered cloud structures over the globe and important in climate point of view.
      PubDate: Tue, 18 Jun 2019 20:51:33 +000
  • Micro Combined Heat and Power Systems – Evaluation of a Sample

    • Abstract: The growing need for a secure, cost-effective, less polluting and efficient form of energy has contributed to an increasing interest in the use of micro combined heat and power (MCHP) systems. In this paper, the environmental performance and economic feasibility of a 1 kWe internal combustion engine (ICE) MCHP system in a one-family house was assessed and compared with the baseline scenario were residential energy demands are met with grid electricity and natural gas fired condensing boilers. The result of the analysis shows that MCHP systems present opportunities for savings in energy costs. Based on a social discount rate (SDR) of 5 % and a calculated 3259 operating hours, a simple payback period of about 4.8 years was derived as the time needed to recover the extra investment cost of the ICE unit. The result of the sensitivity analysis reveals that, both the running hours and price of electricity have significant effects on the payback period of the project. Considering the end of useful life period of the systems, MCHP offer a good replacement for conventional gas boilers of 90 % efficiency. However, their high initial costs (when compared to high efficiency condensing boilers), could be seen as the major factor hampering market diffusion. Also, considering the optimal environmental benefits, MCHP system produced more on-site CO2 emissions in reference to the condensing boiler but generally, annual CO2 emission is reduced by about 38 % when compared to the overall separate generation of heat and power scenario.
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 14:02:24 +000
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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