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Publisher: Sciedu Press   (Total: 16 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 16 of 16 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounting and Finance Research     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Nursing Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intl. J. of Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of English Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Financial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Higher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
J. of Curriculum and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
J. of Hospital Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Nursing Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Research in World Economy     Open Access  
World J. of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World J. of English Language     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World J. of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Research in World Economy
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1923-3981 - ISSN (Online) 1923-399X
Published by Sciedu Press Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Will Inequality Affect Growth' Evidence from USA and China since 1980

    • Authors: Yongqing Wang
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Income inequality may hinder economic growth is a widespread concern. The results from previous literature are mixed. Although both USA and China is an excellent case study by itself, it is even interesting to compare them given they are the two largest economies in the world, and yet completely different from each other. We employ annual data from 1980 to 2012 and apply cointegration to study the effects of income inequality on real GDP per capita and real GDP of both USA and China. We also include the exchange rate into the model to examine possible effects of depreciation on growth. The main findings are: first, depreciation does not affect the growth of USA. Second, depreciation promotes growth of China in the short-run, but may hurt its growth in the long-run. Third, income inequality will hurt growth of USA in the short-run, while it encourages its growth in the long-run. Finally, income inequality may promote growth of China in both short-run and long-run.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p1
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • An Empirical Study on the Stock Price Volatility of Small and Medium
           Enterprise Board in China

    • Authors: Qishui Chi, Jieyi Huo
      First page: 12
      Abstract: This article utilizes structural change method to examine the fluctuation characteristics of stock prices of China’s small and medium enterprises. This study indicates that time series of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises stock prices are not characterized by mean reversion. Therefore, the policy bailouts in the market including the rescue package of the government in June 2015 are ineffective because they are offset by other factors. The long-run growth of stock prices depends on the supply and demand situation in capital market as well as the growth of national economy but has no connection with the policy bailouts.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p12
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The Positive Role of Small Businesses in Scaling down the Shadow Economy
           Phenomenon and Its Negative Impact on the Private Sector and the National
           Economy: An Exploratory Study in the Province of Jeddah

    • Authors: Nayef Al-Ghamri
      First page: 25
      Abstract: The shadow economy phenomenon is widespread and has detrimental effects on the business sector and the national economy. The philosophy of shadow economy involves complex and overlapping perceptions related to conducting legal as well as illegal businesses. The shadow economy is not a new concept but one that has existed since the first known system of tax levies, and that has spread throughout the developed and developing countries of the world in equal measure. Shadow economy is often associated with illegally-gained proceeds (dirty money) originating from unethical and unlawful small businesses such as sexual slavery/exploitation and the drug trade. It is considered as detrimental to national economies and is rapidly spreading globally in the modern era. Weak, poorly designed or implemented controls by some countries, in addition to administrative corruption, have significantly contributed to the emergence and spread of shadow economies. The expanding scale and growth of shadow economies comes in spite of international efforts to enforce laws and regulations on this issue. The phenomenon has continued to spread despite global efforts to create and increase public awareness on the issue and notwithstanding dissemination of information to increase knowledge of the risks arising from this phenomenon and its economic impacts. Based on the severe threats shadow economies constitute and their effects on economic and social order, the subject has been recently included in the syllabus and course design of international as well as Arab universities. Legitimate and illegitimate business owners and individuals engage in shadow economies, whereby they attempt to evade payment of state taxes by benefiting from widely pervasive administrative corruption.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p25
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Characteristics of Consumers' Behavior in Shopping of Food Products
           in the Market of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Authors: Beriz Civic, Damir Cilimkovic
      First page: 49
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to systematize factors influencing consumers' decisions relating to the purchase of food products in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), to determine their importance for consumers and establish consumer perception of domestic food products in relation to the imported ones on BiH market. In the paper, factor analysis was used which showed that the first factor included a group of quality-related features. The second factor includes features related to the brand image, i.e. its market positioning. Although BiH has a much lower level of living standard than developed countries, the price is not the main criterion when deciding about purchasing food products. In addition, research results show that there is a high level of consumer confidence in domestic food products in BiH.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p49
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The Impact of Public Health Expenditure on Economic Development –
           Evidence from Prefecture-Level Panel Data of Shandong Province

    • Authors: Lin Li, Maoguo Wu, Zhenyu Wu
      First page: 59
      Abstract: Public health expenditure is an indispensable part of social economy. The public has always paid close attention to public health expenditure. In order to study the quantitative relation between public health expenditure and social economic development, this paper investigates prefecture-level cities in Shandong Province, due to the unique characteristics of Shandong Province. Making theoretical and empirical contributions, this paper augments the Cobb-Douglas production function with public health expenditure and empirically analyzes economic development of prefecture- level cities in Shandong Province. A panel data set is established, followed by multivariate regression analysis. Empirical results find that public health expenditure per capita and coverage of medical insurance can significantly promote social economic development. However, the expansion and growth of the number of health institutions does not necessarily promote economic development. Instead, it may even hold back economic development by causing personnel redundancy and waste of resources. If the government transfers its investment focus from the scale and the speed of development of medical services to their fairness and efficiency, public health expenditure may vastly improve both public health and economic development.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p59
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Societal Dimension of Energy Consumption – Exploring Environmental
           Inequality in China

    • Authors: Guiying Cao, Junlian Gao, Ming Ren, Tatiana Ermolieva, Xiangyang Xu, Elena Rovenskaya
      First page: 66
      Abstract: From the social-ecological nexus perspective, environmental inequality is embedded in its root of social problem arising from income inequality. “The urgent global challenges of sustainability and equity must be addressed together” (IPCC2011). This paper intends to explore the link between house income inequality and environmental vulnerability in Rural of China. In the process of rural to urban dominated economy transformation, social structures are changing, and ecosystems are facing stress. Given China's dynamic economic and environmental situation, we aim to provide an assessment in the inequality of energy use and environmental effects in two different systems of urban and rural region in China. The paper deals with three questions: 1. how has household expenditure linked with the energy use directly and indirectly; 2. how has China challenged by inequalities between rural and urban household on the residential energy consumption; 3. how high is the emission estimated in the rural residential energy use' The analysis results indicate obviously that almost half rural family still use no-commercial energy and thus coal is the main commercial energy sources; the per capital CO2 emissions of rural region is much higher than urban region, which is driven by low energy efficiency and less advanced public infrastructure. It address the equity issues that policy should focus on energy affordability and promoting a transition away from biomass to other modern energy sources in rural China. In the paper, the input-output table is employed for accounting the indirect residential energy use and emissions, which is associated with the eight sectors of household expenditure. The data sources are from various household serveries and energy statistics in the period of 1990 to 2016.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p66
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Linkages between Trade Openness, Productivity and Industrialization in
           Nigeria: A Co-integration Test

    • Authors: Ilemona Adofu, Innocent Okwanya
      First page: 78
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of trade openness and total factor productivity on industrial output in Nigeria. The data used for this analysis covers the period 1981-2015. The paper employs the VAR model in estimating the effect of trade openness on industrial output. The impulse response function and the variance decomposition are used to examine the response of industrial output to shocks in trade openness and total factor productivity. The results show that trade openness has a positive increasing effect on industrial output in Nigeria while the effect of total factor productivity on industrial output is found to be insignificant. The impulse response function shows over the long run period tfP negative effect on industrial output in Nigeria. The findings of this study certainly have important policy implications: it suggests that policies geared towards increasing trade openness should be encouraged as this tends to improve industrial output. This study contributes to economics literature by looking at the degree to which trade openness and total factor productivity influence industrial output in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p78
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Trade Protectionism and Intra-industry Trade: A USA - EU Comparison

    • Authors: Alexandra Ferreira-Lopes, Candida Sousa, Helena Carvalho, Nuno Crespo
      First page: 88
      Abstract: The aim of this work is to find patterns for products included in the customs tariffs of the USA and the EU (composed of over 5000 products disaggregated at the 6 digit-level) which share similarities, defined by a set of international trade variables, namely the index of revealed comparative advantages (RCA), the Grubel-Lloyd index, and other indicators of international trade. There is a strand in the literature advancing a theory that links the degree of intra-industry trade with the level of protectionism. In order to test this theory we use cluster analysis as a method of data analysis and the Grubel-Lloyd index as a classification variable between groups. For each of the analyzed regions we obtain four different groups. Thereafter each of these four clusters are further characterized with the help of the other international trade indicators and the tariffs. Finally, we establish a comparison between the two regions by examining possible differences and similarities. The results show a significant difference in the tariffs applied between the USA and the EU, with the USA presenting a lower level of protectionism. Additionally, the results for the USA show a positive relationship between the degree of intra-industry trade and a lower level of protectionism, while for the EU the results are not conclusive.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.5430/rwe.v8n2p88
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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