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Publisher: American Institute of Pakistan Studies   (Total: 1 journals)

Pakistaniaat : A J. of Pakistan Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistaniaat : A Journal of Pakistan Studies
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1948-6529 - ISSN (Online) 1946-5343
     Published by American Institute of Pakistan Studies Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Pakistaniaat: A Five-Year Journey

    • Authors: Masood Ashraf Raja
      PubDate: 2013-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Snow-pact

    • Authors: Rizwan Akhtar
      PubDate: 2013-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • The Punjabi Humor

    • Authors: Rizwan Akhtar
      PubDate: 2013-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Heer-Ranjha: A folk tale from Pakistan

    • Authors: Muhammad Sheeraz
      PubDate: 2013-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • The Significance of Socio-Political Context in Shaping the Authenticity of
           Jamaat-i-Islami’s Gender Discourse

    • Authors: Shahbaz Cheema
      Abstract: This paper analyses an important series of episodes in politico-legal history of Pakistan from a particular perspective. It is generally contended by Islamic religious discourses that whatever has been presented by them that is the only authentic manifestation of the divine sources, i.e. the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. The paper problematizes the above contention and argues that the link between the divine sources and its human interpretations is not so straight forward. Without denying or undermining the role of the divine sources, it is argued that there are many factors which help formulate the authentic stances of the religious discourses and one of them is socio-political context of a particular discourse. To substantiate the above argument, the paper analyses the gender discourse of the Jamaat-i-Islami, Pakistan. The analysis underscores the relevance and scope of those socio-political factors which have played a significant role in construction of authentic stances of the Jamaat-i-Islami’s gender discourse at different stages of its formation.
      PubDate: 2013-10-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Hassan Askari: Bringing Urdu Criticism to the Metropolitan Readers

    • Authors: Ambrina Qayyum
      PubDate: 2013-09-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Review of Parchment of Kashmir

    • Authors: David Taylor
      PubDate: 2013-09-19
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Sanctions as a Tool in US Foreign Policy: A Case Study of Pakistan

    • Authors: Muhammad Fiaz Anwar
      Abstract: Pak-US relations from the beginning have been developed between close friendship and serious friction-reflecting the change of international and regional politics. This nature of relationship can easily be observed with respect of US policy of sanctions against Pakistan, during the period of 1990-2001.During Afghan War Pakistan as front line state, played a key role as an ally in US policy of containment of USSR. But after the dismemberment of USSR, and with the change of US interests in the region, US imposed sanctions against PakistanThis study will evaluate the role of US sanctions in the course of relations between the two countries. US sanctions against Pakistan will be analyzed in the light of sanctions as a foreign policy tool and final result in achieving its policy objectives in Pakistan mainly nonproliferation.The study will also give an understanding about the nature of relationship between a superpower having its global interests and a small state with only regional interests. The study will highlight change in US priorities with change in international situation and change in US policy towards Pakistan; and its domestic and international impact. This study will also explore whether the path of sanctions brings fruitful results or it hinders development of the target country.
      PubDate: 2013-09-03
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • “Unwilled Choices”: The Exilic Perspectives on Home and
           Location in the Works of Zulfikar Ghose and Mohsin Hamid

    • Authors: Muhammad Safeer Awan
      Abstract: For many immigrants, geographical dislocations and cultural shocks often entail traumatic experiences. This is one of the many paradoxes of the contemporary world that, on the one hand, people live in an increasingly borderless world where cultural, economic and political frontiers are eroding due to global communications system and post-industrial technologies; and, on the other hand, since September-11, the world has been experiencing a new wave of xenophobia in public, and megalomania among many world leaders and politicians, resulting into the closing of borders and an irrational fear of the ‘other’ or the new “barbarians”. Until September-11 happened, American cultural production seemed to achieve what Ralph Waldo Emerson prophesied about in 1845: “In this continent – asylum of all nations – we will construct a new race, a new religion, a new state, a new literature which will be as vigorous as the new Europe which came out of the Dark Ages”. September-11 caused a sort of abortion of history – history moving in a linear, progressive fashion was disrupted with a jolt of epic proportions, creating hiatus in the Emersonian dream. In order to negotiate this disruption in the experience of the South Asian-American immigrants and investigate the issues of identity, exile, Home, and cross-culturality, in this study I have selected two writers of Pakistani origin: Zulfikar Ghose, with his rich experience of multiple exiles, is the prototype writer in exile; and Mohsin Hamid, an emerging voice in the post-September11 scenario. In his novel, The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007), Hamid encapsulates the dilemma of American Muslims since that fateful day. By discussing the work of two writers who, despite being contemporaries, represent two different perspectives on ‘home’ and exile (September-11 being the cut-off point), I try here to establish the difference between the pre- and post-September 11 exilic perspectives by analyzing Ghose’s protagonist in Tripple Mirror of the Self, representing exile in the classical sense of the word, and that of Hamid as a divided, liminal figure trying to exist on the threshold of cultures and rediscovering his cultural roots in the wake of September 11 events.
      PubDate: 2013-09-03
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Abul Hashim-the unsung hero of the freedom struggle

    • Authors: Asma Zia Ullah
      Abstract: Abul Hashim was one of the greatest leading figures in the history of Bengal’s freedom struggle. Born in a time when the British Raj in India had begun to convulse under its own weight, Hashim’s political philosophy, though shaped by larger Muslim sentiments, was also marked by his independent thinking and sense of justice. He was no demagogue trying to rouse the emotions of his people by crying socialism,in fact, he took drastic measures to revamp the Bengal Muslim League and made it a party of the people. Very few leaders of the 20th century had the twin traits of loyalty of purpose and exceptional abilities to turn their goals into reality. Some succeeded, some perished in the struggle but it’s the struggle which makes man a hero.Abul Hashim’s life is also a tale of that struggle, first against the imperialist power then against the elite feudal industrialist coterie of politicians who dominated the Muslim League. This paper will try to prove that Abul Hashim was one of the most charismatic leaders of Bengal freedom struggle who not only revitalized the League by setting it free from elitist monopoly and opening its doors for the poor but also refused to toe the line of Central leadership over the provincial autonomy of Bengal.
      PubDate: 2013-09-03
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Borrowing and Code Mixing in Pakistani Children’s Magazines:
           Practices and Functions

    • Authors: Sarwet Rasul
      Abstract: One of the dimensions of spread of English is heavy borrowing and mixing of English words/phrases in other languages of the world. As far as Pakistan is concerned, English vocabulary is frequently borrowed and mixed in Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. The tendency of borrowing and mixing is not restricted to the spoken discourse rather is evident in the written discourse as well. The present paper explores how far this trend is exhibited in Pakistani children’s magazines. Two Children’s monthly magazines – Taalim-o-tarbiyat and Nonihal – are taken as a sample for the current research. Practices of borrowings and code mixing in these magazines are explored to examine their nature, frequency, causes, and functions. These explorations are interesting in the backdrop of general claims that these magazines use stylized Urdu syntax, and assert that they are working for the perpetuation and dissemination of standard Urdu.
      PubDate: 2013-09-03
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Book Review of "Women's NGOs in Pakistan"

    • Authors: David Waterman
      PubDate: 2013-04-08
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Uzma Aslam Khan's "Thinner Than Skin"

    • Authors: Andrew Tolle
      PubDate: 2013-02-26
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • Logical Placement of the Poetic Language: Coloring Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s
           Zindan Nama

    • Authors: Waseem Anwar
      Abstract: This being the “Faiz” number, thanks to the Editorial Board of “Pakistaniaat” on whose information and demand I could join in paying homage to our one beloved and “forlorn son” of Lahore.  Faiz Ahmed Faiz, born in Sialkot, is owned as much by the city of many lights Lahore as by the vibrant dawns and dusks anywhere in the world.  He celebrated Lahore, its day-breaking darkness, its illumination, struggling all his life for a true spirit of human freedom and freewill.  The poetic flights of Faiz’s ideals hover around Lahore like a migratory bird; he did not give in to the oppressive forces, made no compromise with them on his principles and vision!
      PubDate: 2013-01-30
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2013)
  • A Note on the Poetic Aesthetic of Faiz

    • Authors: Aysha Munira Rasheed
      Abstract: Faiz’s championship for a classless society has a conscious voice in his poetry. His attempt is to uphold the tenets of Communism and the cause of the deprived, the underdog “yeh galion ke awara bekar Kutte” (Faiz  Nuskha Haai Wafa 71) which is well manifest in his poetry. His voice is robust with optimism, courage and strength. In him, there is a celebration of not only the intellect which is often a prerogative of the upper class that can afford time and energy to spend for the acquisition of intellectual prowess and aesthetic taste; but there is also a bonhomie about physical strength that the proletariat are more associated with as theirs is real struggle of the body and its sustenance. Hands, mouth and lips, voice, a tall and erect body accustomed to hard work are the main sources of power. His poetry enthuses many and is appreciated by many. Some of his poems are in Punjabi aiming at the Punjabi peasantry. Is Faiz’s appeal really universal, cutting across the class borders? The aesthetic peculiar to Faiz that he perhaps shares only with Ghalib, involves an amalgamation of high and low styles and diction. His conversational style admixes with Arab-Persian lexical chunks. It was something inevitable for his lack of control of the language that draws its aesthetic conventions in an intellectual hybridity resulting from its historical contact and association with Arabic and Persian, once languages of the intellectual as well as emotional make-up of the learned class. A reading of his poetry against its grain reveals the fault lines inherent in his aesthetic. It is ironic that crux of his message is for the proletariat of the society who cannot read him with felicity as they lack the pre-requisite literary competence and are beyond the purview and leisure of reading sessions. Major Mohammed Is’haaq’s “Roodad-e-Qafas” (Faiz Zindan Naama 9), epitomises warring nature of the ideology, theme and aesthetic that inheres Faiz’s poetry. Mohammed Is’haaq’s sense of honour associated with the task of writing an introduction to Faiz’s poetry, his alleged plebeian background and his hyperbolic confession of nervousness for the said task (in a language that again belies the said words) affirms the opposing threads of potential interpretations that make apparent that the unity of his voice and theme remain elusive and indeterminate. The question whether Faiz may infuse the real underdogs with the real zeal, ardour and passion, as he talks about the uplift of their lot demands an attempt to affirm an answer or lack thereof. The paper is an experiment with the trailing of the fissures and gaps that leave any interpretation of Faiz’s poetry indeterminate without undermining the effect it has on a particular class that controls, defines and patents aesthetic sense.
      PubDate: 2012-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2012)
  • Twin Poets Who Lived Apart: Nazim Hikmet and Faiz Ahmed Faiz

    • Authors: Qaisar Abbas
      Abstract: The two twentieth century poets, Nazim Hikmet of Turkey and Faiz Ahmed Faiz of Pakistan, were so similar in their political struggles and poetic discourse; they look like twin poets who lived apart in different societies. Both are remembered as poets who juxtaposed ideological sensibilities with romantic imageries in their poetry. Both fought against tyrannies of their rulers and were invariably imprisoned and exiled from their own countries. The paper, citing their work and life experiences, draws parallels from their ideological and poetic discourse.
      PubDate: 2012-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2012)
  • Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s Salvific Ethics and the Uneven World

    • Authors: Shabir Hussain Ganaie
      Abstract: ABSTRACT Faiz Ahmad Faiz’s Salvific Ethic and the Uneven world   Faiz Ahmed Faiz has a place among the greatest of Urdu poets ever born. His works as well as his life has inspired people from all walks of life. He brought path-breaking changes to the way Urdu poetry was written. Faiz combined socio-political messages, revolutionary ideas and romantic idealism with the sweetness of the Urdu language, thus creating an exhilarating oeuvre. He symbolized all that is humane, dignified, refined, brave, and challenging. His poetry reflects his intellectual resentment and resistance against an unjust and archaic social order, which he rejects on rational grounds as anti-human; yet his poetry has no bitterness.  He wrote against the excesses of ruling elite and challenged colonial and feudal values. Faiz's poetry exhibits a strong sense of commitment to lower-class people. He saw the world around him plagued by the evils and the dark forces of materialism, commercialism and commodity fetishism. He saw nations engaged in wars and the hearts of people full of hatred and cruelty.  He took the challenge to make the world a better place to live.  He used his poetic art as a vehicle to register a protest against the brutal and malicious forces. Fiaz gave voice to the voiceless and suffered with the suffering humanity of his times and his love of humanity is free from the prejudice of color, race or nationality. He sang a song burning with thunder and revolutionary fire but at the same time endowed it with the delicacy of beauty and love.  In my paper I will try to show how Faiz   makes use of  love and beauty to promote social and moral values and does not desist to use the language of love and beauty even while writing about political issues. How he made the agony of love the essence of his existence and imagination and used it to come to terms with the chaos and the anarchy of the modern world. The paper will also talk about Faiz’s redemptive ethics ,his emphasis on the sweet emotions of love and beauty, as an alternative vision to set right the wrongs of the jaded and bumpy world of present times.  
      PubDate: 2012-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 5 (2012)
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