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Publisher: Tehran University of Medical Sciences   (Total: 19 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 19 of 19 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academic J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Audiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Basic and Clinical Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.272, h-index: 4)
DARU J. of Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.495, h-index: 21)
Dermatology and Cosmetic     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hayat : J. of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 3)
Hospital     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Hospital Research     Open Access  
Iranian J. of Epidemiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.186, h-index: 3)
Iranian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.196, h-index: 8)
Iranian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (SJR: 0.326, h-index: 20)
J. of Dental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.245, h-index: 4)
Medical J. of the Islamic Republic of Iran     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.209, h-index: 6)
Modern Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nanomedicine Research J.     Open Access  
Tehran University Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.122, h-index: 6)
Transport Phenomena in Nano and Micro Scales     Open Access  
Journal Cover Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgical Sciences
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  • Laparoscopic Splenectomy for Isolated Splenic Hydatid Cyst: Why Should it
           Be Done'

    • Abstract: Conclusions: Here, we discuss the pathogenesis of the rare entity of splenic hydatid cysts and the various treatment options available.,Background: Hydatid cyst, a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is the only recognized parasitic cysts of the spleen and is known to be at least twice as common as the non-parasitic variety.,Case Presentation: A 35 year old woman presented with a one-year history of dull pain and a dragging sensation in her left hypochondrium. Ultrasonography revealed a hydatid cyst in the lower part of the spleen. Laparoscopic splenectomy along with hydatid cyst was done. Her post-operative phase was uneventful.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 Dec 2013 00:00:00 +033
  • Intrahepatic Glissonian Approach in laparoscopic Right Hepatectomy

    • Abstract: Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery is still uncommon for major liver resections. The intrahepatic Glissonian approach is a fast and secure way to control the hepatic pedicle.,Case Presentation: A patient diagnosed with stenosing sigmoid adenocarcinoma (T3 N1 M+) (N+, positive lymph nodes, M+ positive metastatic desease)with synchronous liver metastases in segments 7 (8 mm), 6-7 (6 cm) and 3 (12 mm) was recruited to the study. Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy was performed; after a partial response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, a right hepatectomy was performed. Surgery was performed in the modified Lloyd Davies position by placing 5 trocars. The hepatic pedicle was controlled by the intrahepatic individualized section of the right Glissonian anterior and posterior pedicles. The operation lasted for 5 hours. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the fourth postoperative day. The final histopathology showed metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma in seg
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Nov 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Endoscopic Excision of Angular Dermoid in a Pediatric Patient: a Case

    • Abstract: : A 10 year old boy presented with swelling on the temporal side of the left eyebrow since birth. With the diagnosis of angular dermoid, we chose subcutaneous endoscopic excision for its treatment, as direct excision of dermoid cysts of the eyebrow might have caused a prominent facial scar for him, which can be completely avoided with an endoscopic approach that places the incision in the hair-bearing portion of the scalp.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Nov 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Port Site Interparietal Hernia After Laparoscopic Splenectomy: A Case

    • Abstract: : Laparoscopic trocar site interparietal hernia is a rare type of incisional hernia, which has been rarely reported. This type of hernia is usually observed when the fascia or peritoneum is not repaired or not completely closed. This complication may lead to some serious problems. We aimed to report a case of port site interparietal hernia after laparoscopic splenectomy.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Perioperative Management of Bariatric Surgery in a Patient with
           Transposition of the Great Arteries Following an Atrial Level Switch

    • Abstract: Introduction: Patients with palliated congenital heart disease may present later in life for major, non-cardiac surgical procedures. Although alternative surgical techniques are now available for the treatment of the transposition of the great arteries (TGA), an atrial level baffle (Mustard or Senning procedure) was previously performed. Long-term adverse effects of the atrial level switch include myocardial dysfunction, rhythm disturbances requiring pacemaker placement, pulmonary hypertension and baffle obstruction.,Case report: We present a 23-year-old woman, who had undergone an atrial level switch during infancy for palliation of TGA and now presents for laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy for the treatment of obesity.,Conclusions: The long term end-organ effects of an atrial level switch for TGA are reviewed and the perioperative of these patients is discussed.
      PubDate: Sun, 13 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Indications and Considerations in Minimally Invasive Video-Assisted

    • Abstract: Background: The phrase “minimally invasive” is used loosely due to the wide range of surgical options and generally means a procedure not involving a large open incision. In 1998, Dr. Paolo Miccoli at the University of Pisa developed a technique of minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) for patients presenting with small thyroid nodules. The procedure involves a smaller incision, limited exposure, and endoscopic magnification to better visualize the smaller surgical field. From this point, thyroidectomy or hemi-thyroidectomy is performed using endoscopic instrumentation. Indications were initially limited to single, small non-malignant thyroid nodules, however the indications have gradually expanded since this surgery’s initial implementation.,Objectives: We feel that this article provides an up-to-date research on the MIVAT procedure, while highlighting its rapidly expanding indications and excellent outcomes.,Patients and Methods: The current patient selection criteria includes small
      PubDate: Sun, 13 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Adhesions after Laparoscopic Ovarian Drilling in the Treatment of Women
           with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Should it be a Concern'

    • Abstract: Context: In order to restore ovulation, puncturing ovaries with a needle powered by electricity, under laparoscopic observation, in women with anovulatory infertility with polycystic ovarian syndrome is called laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD). Although peri-adnexial adhesion after the surgery is inevitable, there is lack of evidence regarding the clinical significance. The objective of the present study is to review the available literature in order to determine the rate of periadnexial adhesions following LOD, and to assess the effect of these adhesions on pregnancy rates.,Evidence Acquisition: Electronic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE for English-language and non-English-language articles from 1984 to 2012 and manual search of bibliographies from identified articles were evaluated. Sixteen articles were found to be eligible to obtain main outcome measures. Post-operative adhesion rates were reported to be 0-100% (mean 35.5%, 95%CI: 30.8-40.4) while pregnancy rates after the procedure in these articles were
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Single Incision Lift Laparoscopic Surgeries [Sills]: Taking Modern Surgery
           to the Poor

    • Abstract: : Laparoscopic surgery is now an integral part of the operative repertoire. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a new technique developed for performing operations without a visible scar. Pneumoperitoneum, as a necessary precondition of laparoscopic procedures, represents the restriction of the surgeon's freedom of movement and can lead to rare but typical complications. The Single Incision Lift Laparoscopic surgery is advantageous. We presented our experience of 194 surgeries carries out this method since March 2012. This procedure is ideal in rural areas because it is cheap, safe and simple.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Comparing Outcomes of Two Methods of Bariatric Surgery (LSG and LAGB) in
           Southern Iran

    • Abstract: Background: Since morbid obesity is known as a major cause of psychosocial problems beside its common adverse effects like cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, a lot of researches have been performed to find an effective treatment including surgery. Surgical methods were improved by invention of minimal invasive surgeries. Laparascopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) and Laparascopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) are the methods which have become common in most of developed countries.,Objectives: Due to cultural, economic and social differences between our country and developed countries, we have designed this research to compare the efficacy and complication of these two methods six months after operation in hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.,Patients and Methods: Documents of patients operated with one of these two methods were reviewed, and necessary information was inserted in prepared forms. We called patients if further information was needed. Then this data was analyzed with
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Intraluminal Clot Formation Causing Obstruction After Laparoscopic
           Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

    • Abstract: Abstract: Bowel obstruction is a known complication after bariatric surgery especially Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The known etiologies include internal hernia, jejunojejunostomy stricture, ileus, intussusceptions, superior mesenteric artery syndrome, incarcerated port site hernia, and adhesions. Blood clot is a rare cause of small intestinal obstruction after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. We elucidate a rare case of small bowel obstruction after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass due to blood clot in about 90 cm distant from ileocecal valve.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Oct 2013 03:30:00 +033
  • Parenchyma-Sparing Pancreatectomy for Benign Pancreatic Neoplasms

    • Abstract: Context: The current literature suggests that minimally invasive surgery is associated with faster recovery and less morbidity than open surgery. Parenchyma-sparing pancreatectomy is minimally invasive surgery, including enucleation, inferior head pancreatectomy, spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, and central pancreatectomy, combined pancreatectomy such as inferior head pancreatectomy plus spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, and subtotal distal pancreatectomy (spleen-preserving).,Evidence Acquisition: Parenchyma-sparing pancreatic resection is mainly used for benign neoplasms, including intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), mucinous cystadenoma, serous cystadenoma, and small sized neuroendocrine tumors including insulinoma. ,Results: Parenchyma-sparing pancreatectomy can be applied for benign pancreatic lesions. Assistance with pancreatic stenting and/or laparoscopy is recommended in some cases to prevent from complications. ,Conclusions: Recent advancements of surgical techniques have al
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Laparoscopic Gonadectomy in Patients with Mosaic Turner Syndrome and
           Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: A Report of 2 Cases and Review
           of the Surgical Aspects

    • Abstract: Introduction: Women with mosaic Turner syndrome (TS) bearing the presence of Y chromosome material or with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is at risk of gonadal malignancy. Two patients with characteristic features of these uncommon disorders are reported, and the surgical techniques of laparoscopic gonadectomy are reviewed and discussed. The aim of the present study is to report 2 clinical cases and review the surgical aspects of laparoscopic gonadectomy. ,Case Presentation: Both patients had gonadectomy performed by laparoscopy.,Conclusions: Laparoscopic gonadectomy can be performed in individuals with TS and CAIS. Different surgical strategies have to be considered for gonads in different locations. Gonadectomy by laparoscopy should be considered for these young patients with clinical, psychological, and cosmetic benefits.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Laparoscopic Splenic-Preserving Distal Pancreatectomy for Management of
           Pancreatic Body Lesion with Splenic Vessels Involvement: A Case Report

    • Abstract: : Abstract,: Distal pancreatectomy has been a standard technique for pancreatic body and tail lesions for years ago. Recently, it is being performed laparoscopically in a perfect manner. There are two common methods for this procedure. One is distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy and the other is distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation. In patients with splenic vessels involvement, it is not recommended to save the spleen, because of existing chance of splenic ischemia. On the other hand, after splenectomy there is great chance of immune system problems and fatal infections. This report, presents a patient who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy due to cystic tumor of pancreatic body with splenic vessels involvement and ligation of them was necessary and the spleen was saved successfully with no following complications.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Management of an Abdominal Pregnancy by Laparoscopy: A Case Report and
           Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Introduction: Since abdominal pregnancies are mostly complicated, they are usually managed by laparotomy, but laparoscopy is an alternative method which some surgeons perform instead of laparotomy; especially in advanced pregnancy.,Case Presentation: We reported a 31 year old woman with last menstrual period of 18 weeks who had supra pubic pain and vaginal bleeding. After sonographic evaluations, abdominal pregnancy was diagnosed and the patient underwent laparoscopic surgery for termination of pregnancy. One year after this successful operation, the patient experienced a normal intrauterine pregnancy.,Discussion: Laparoscopy is a successful alternative method of surdery for abdominal pregnancies which can be done by experienced surgeons especially at gestational age of 18 weeks.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Laparoscopic Surgery Education and a Multinational Project for Distance

    • Abstract: Discussions: Low-bandwidth, internet-based telemedicine is effective and inexpensive. Surgeons living in remote areas, distant countries and especially those with limited resources , can follow the videoscopic courses, meetings, and live surgeries organized by experienced centers, on their computer screen, in real-time and interactively.,Results: Surgeon applicants who have a computer and basic internet connection will be easily connected online to the operation and conference rooms, and follow in real time and even use it interactively. ,Materials and Methods: Having the “Portable Wireless Live Video/Audio Transmission System (IMD) and using Digital Video Transport System (DVTS) and the audio and video content from the operation room or meeting room can be transmitted easily to the remote sites. ,Background: Videoscopic surgery is one of the most important innovations in surgery, and has brought great benefit to patients thanks to its minimally invasive character,Objectives: The main objective is to promot
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Evaluating the Risk Factors of Closed Laparoscopic Surgery in Patients
           with Previous Gynecologic Surgery

    • Abstract: Background: Development of complications during gynecologic laparoscopic surgery depends on many factors such as history of previous laparotomies. This factor usually increases the veres and first trocar complications. ,Objectives: In this study, we compared all operative complications between the patients with and without previous abdominal surgery. ,Patients and Methods: All operative complications due to the first trocar insertion complications were recorded for 100 women who had laparoscopic surgery history during 2005-2010, and were compared with 100 age range in control groups. Influence of different parameters on the risk of adverse complications after surgery was also taken into account.,Results: In both case and control groups, there is no major complication due to the insertion of the first torcar or other procedures of laparoscopy. Adhesion bands were identified in 69 of cases and 24% of them were lysed during laparoscopic surgery; but abdominal wall adhesions were not observed in any patients of c
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Efficacy of Diclofenac Rectal Suppository in Patients with Laparoscopic
           Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Double Blinded Clinical Trial

    • Abstract: Background: Post laparoscopic cholecystectomy pain management can reduce recovery and discharge time. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids are used for this purpose.,Objectives: This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of diclofenac rectal suppository for the management of postoperative pain.,Patients and Methods: Forty four patients were randomized to receive either 100 mg diclofenac rectal suppository or placebo at the time of recovery and three hours later after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Postoperative visual analogue pain scale (VAS, ranges 0 to 10 cm) and adverse reactions were recorded over a 24-hour period. If VAS score was ≥ 7, 25mg, pethedin was given intravenously as a rescue analgesic.,Results: In both groups, VAS score was reduced in 24 hours. It was statistically lower in diclofenac group rather than placebo group in all intervals except at the time of recovery. Moreover, the mean pethedin consumption dose and the incidence of administration of postoperative rescue
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Determination of the Effect of Vaginal Misoprostol in Cervical Ripening
           Before the Operative Hysteroscopy in Premenopausal Women without History
           of Normal Vaginal Delivery

    • Abstract: Background: With the advent of hystroscopic surgery, abnormalities confined to the uterine cavity such as endometrial polyps, submucous myomas, uterine septae and synechia , were supposed to be treated effectively. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is the gold standard for investigating the intrauterine diseases as it allows for biopsy and removal of lesions.,Objectives: Forty premenopausal women without the history of normal vaginal delivery eligible for operative hysteroscopy were recruited. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 400 microgram vaginal misoprostol or no treatment, 10-12 hours before operative hysteroscopy. Main outcome measures were cervical width and duration of cervical dilatation.,Results: Patients using vaginal misoprostol in treatment group had significantly greater cervical width compared with control group patients (mean: 7.85 vs. 5.80, P = 0.024). ,Conclusions: The mean duration of cervical dilatation in misoprostol group was significantly lower than that of control group (30.50 s vs. 52.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Aug 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Totally Extraperitoneal Endoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair Using Mini
           Instruments: Pushing the Boundaries of Minimally Invasive Hernia Surgery

    • Abstract: Background: Inguinal hernia is the most prevalent surgical disease in clinical practice. Endoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to be slightly superior to open approaches. Recent modifications in the minilaparoscopic technique may improve the totally extraperitoneal repair (TEP) results.,Objectives: We have performed a prospective study to analyze the feasibility of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair using mini instruments. Main measured outcomes included postoperative pain, return to work activities and aesthetics. Technical aspects, including operative time and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also analyzed.,Patients and Methods: From October, 2009 to May, 2011 consecutive patients undergoing TEP inguinal hernia repair using mini-instruments were included in the study protocol. Exclusion criteria was the same as for standard laparoscopic hernia repair. In all cases, a standardized laparoscopic technique using mini instruments was performed. A study protocol was applied prospect
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Apr 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Prophylactic Anti-Emetic Effect of Dexamethasone and Metoclopramide on the
           Nausea and Vomiting Induced by Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomized,
           Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    • Abstract: Conclusions: Dexamethasone 8mg is a better anti-emetic agent than metoclopramide for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.,Objectives: This study evaluates the prophylactic anti-emetic effect of dexamethasone in comparison with metoclopramide and placebo for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.,Patients and Methods: In Mostafa Khomeini hospital, a teaching hospital of Shahed University, Tehran, Iran, a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study on 161 patients undergoing general anesthesia for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy was run.One hundred sixty one patients (124 females and 37 males) requiring general anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were studied. The dexamethasone group (n = 53) received dexamethasone 8mg IV, the metoclopramide group (n = 55) received metoclopramide 10mg IV and the placebo group (n = 53) received 2ml saline IV at the induction of a
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Apr 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Correlating Radiology with Thoracoscopic Findings in a Case of Primary
           Spontaneous Pneumothorax in a Child

    • Abstract: Conclusions: In cases of pontaneous pneumothorax, Chest X ray and Computerised Tomographic scan have limitations. CT scan in combination with video assisted thoracoscopic surgery improves diagnostic accuracy and facilitates appropriate management of non-resolving spontaneous pneumothorax.,Objectives: A 15 year old boy presented to the referring hospital with a right sided spontaneous pneumothorax which occurred whilst playing football,Case report: A 15 year old boy presented to the referring hospital with a right sided spontaneous pneumothorax which occurred whilst playing football. His symptoms were shortness of breath and right pleurisy chest pain. His oxygen saturations were more than 95% on air. A needle aspiration was performed yielding 2300mls of air, however the pneumothorax persisted.,Background: Spontaneous pneumothorax hardly occurs in healthy children. Diagnosing its etiology can be difficult. Chest X ray and Computerized Tomographic scan (CT) are useful investigations but have limitations. CT scan
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Totally Laparoscopic Repair of an Acutely Inflammed Amyand’s Hernia

    • Abstract: Introduction: Amyand’s hernia – the presence of appendix within an inguinal hernia sac poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the acute setting.,Case Presentation: We report the case of a female patient on long-term corticosteroid therapy that was found at laparoscopy to have an inflamed appendix incarcerated within a right inguinal hernia. A 62-year-old Caucasian female presented with a short history of sudden-onset pain in the right groin. Her past medical history included polymyalgia rheumatic for which she had been treated over the past 4 years with oral prednisolone. The studied case was successfully treated through laparoscopic appendectomy and laparoscopic suturing of the deep inguinal ring.,Discussion: This totally laparoscopic approach may be of use in cases where definitive treatment with mesh cannot be undertaken and the avoidance of large wounds is desirable.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Mar 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Five Years’ Experience on Hysteroscopy in Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

    • Abstract: Background: Hysteroscopy is the gold standard method for diagnosis of intrauterine pathologies. Current study is a review of hysteroscopic findings performed over a period of 5 years in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).,Objective: The aim of this study was a review of hysteroscopic findings performed over a period of 5 years in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).,Patients and Materials: This descriptive analytic study was conducted prospectively on patients in reproductive, premenopausal or postmenopausal ages referring to our hospital with complaint of AUB. All patients underwent hysteroscopy (either diagnostic or therapeutic) by the same surgeons. Analysis was performed on the base of the hysteroscopic findings.,Results: In our population study (379 patients) major menstrual pattern was menometrorrhagia. The most common diagnoses at operative hysteroscopy were endometrial polyps (17.8%), hyperplastic endometrium (15.2%), and uterine submucosal myoma (9.7%).The most common findings in
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • Harmonic Scalpel is more Secure than Conventional Methods in Total
           Thyroidectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    • Abstract: Conclusions: HS in total thyroidectomy, reduces operating time, blood loss, postoperative pain, drainage volume, voice changes, and postoperative hypocalcemia, compared to conventional techniques.,Background: Traditional haemostatic techniques in total thyroidectomy may cause some damages to surrounding tissues. It is believed that these damages can be reduced using ultrasonic dissector devices like Harmonic Scalpel (HS).,Objective: In this study, we investigated the efficacy of ultrasonic dissectors (HS) versus conventional techniques (Clamp and Tie).,Patients and Methods: A single blinded randomized clinical trial was performed at a referral educational center. Sixty eight eligible participants were enrolled and assigned to conventional group (operated with Clamp and Tie technique) and HS group (operated with Harmonic Scalpel). The following items were recorded in both groups: haemostatic technique, operative blood loss, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, pathology, thyroid weight, postoperative
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2013 00:00:00 +043
  • The Metabolic Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Review

    • Abstract: : Bariatric surgery, as a whole, is the only proven modality to manage the severely obese. The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most recent tool in the armamentarium of bariatric surgery. Once used as the first-stage in a two-stage procedure for the super-obese patient, it is now used as a primary bariatric procedure. Involving the resection of the greater curvature of the stomach, it has been shown to achieve clinically significant excess weight loss and improvements in obesity-related co-morbidities. Its mechanism of action was originally classified as being a restrictive procedure, similar to laparoscopic gastric banding, but is now known to be far more complex. The pronounced effects of LSG on gut hormones such as ghrelin, PYY and incretins, allow this bariatric intervention to be adequately compared to the more historically classified malabsorptive procedures like the gastric bypass. In this review, we explore the metabolic effects and outcomes of LSG in producing significant weight loss and
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Mar 2013 00:00:00 +033
  • Laparoscopic Restorative Proctocolectomy Without Diverting Loop Ileostomy
           in Patients With Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

    • Abstract: : Background: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a well-known entity for specialistand it has near 100% chance of malignant changes if does not managed surgically. In orderto reduce the disadvantages of laparatomy and diverting ileostomy we present ourresults of laparoscopic total proctocolectomy without diverting ileostomy.Objectives: The aim of this study was to present the results of laparoscopic total proctocolectomyand J pouch ileoanal anastomosis without diverting ileostomy in managingpatients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).Patients and Methods: Hospital records of 19 patients who were diagnosed with FAP and underwentlaparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy without ileostomy were retrospectivelyevaluated in this study. Early complications and demographic data were considered.Results: The mean age of patients was 34 years, with a standard deviation of 4.3 years. Themost common presenting symptom was rectal bleeding. Two weeks after the operation,no leakage was dete
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 00:00:00 +033
  • Endoscopic Endonasal Removal of a Large Petrous-Apex Epidermoid Tumor With
           Clival Involvement and Intradural Invasion

    • Abstract: : Introduction: Epidermoid tumors comprise 1% of intracranial tumors. Although reported, intraosseous epidermoid tumors are even more rare. Cystic lesions of the petrous apex are uncommon and surgically challenging; the most rare pathology is presumed to be epidermoid.Case Presentation: This is a case of a 61-year-old woman with a large skull-base tumor extending inferiorly from the C1-C2 articulation and superiorly to the tuberculum sella. The lesion replaced the left-sided petrous apex, and the lateral extension of the tumor reached the styloid process. The tumor displayed intradural invasion medial to the internal auditory meatus, producing an intra-axial mass at the level of the upper pons. The patient presented with a 4-month history of headache and total unilateral deafness. Under image guidance, an endoscopic endonasal approach was used to totally resect the tumor. By following the tumor’s dural defect, the intra-axial part of the tumor was safely resected, and the dural defect was successfully rep
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 00:00:00 +033
  • Endometrial Tuberculosis and Secondary Amenorrhea: A Report of Three Cases
           in Sudan

    • Abstract: : Background: Female genital tuberculosis is an important cause of secondary amenorrhea and infertility in developing countries where tuberculosis is endemic. Objectives: We present three cases in which endometrial tuberculosis was a cause of secondary amenorrhea and infertility.Patients and Methods: In a retrospective study from January 2007 to June 2010, we conducted 1010 laparoscopies for infertile patients. Among these patients, three had secondary amenorrhea and infertility; therefore, they underwent hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy.Results: The laparoscopic findings showed normal uterus and ovaries in all three patients; although the fallopian tubes were patent in one patient, they blocked in the other two. Hysteroscopy findings revealed that the endometrial layer was atrophied in all three patients, and biopsy results revealed the presence of acid-fast bacilli using Zeihl-Neelsen stain.Conclusions: Patients with genital tuberculosis may have no documented history of tuberculosis or may have ev
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 00:00:00 +033
  • Changes in Lipid Profile and Insulin Resistance in Morbidly Obese Patients
           Following Laparoscopic Total Gastric Vertical Plication

    • Abstract: : Background: Obesity has emerged as one of the most serious public health concerns in the 21st century. The consequences of this chronic disorder are serious. Bariatric surgery has been shown to eliminate comorbid conditions associated with obesity. Currently it is considered to be the only successful, long-term therapy for morbidly obese subjects.Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight reduction following laparoscopic total gastric vertical plication on anthropometric indices, lipid profile and insulin resistance in morbidly obese patients.Patients and Methods: 15 severely obese patients aged 32.4 ± 10 yr were enrolled in this prospective study. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), triglycerides (TG), fasting glucose, fasting insulin and insulin sensitivity were measured before and 6 weeks after laparoscopic total gastric vertical plication (LTGVP).
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Dec 2012 00:00:00 +033
  • Effect of prophylactic gabapentin on post operative nausea and vomiting
           after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized controlled trial

    • Abstract: : Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent and unpleasant adverse event associated with surgery. The reported incidence of PONV after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is quite high. Despite the use of different drugs to prevent or relieve PONV, it continues to be undermanaged. Recently, studies have been undertaken to determine if gabapentin can be useful for the prevention of PONV. Objectives: We assessed the effect of perioperative gabapentin administration on PONV after LC. Patients and Methods: We enrolled 92 patients scheduled to undergo LC for a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Patients were divided into two groups of 46 patients. The intervention group received two doses of 600 mg gabapentin: one dose two hours before surgery and one dose six hours after surgery. Similarly Control group received capsules in the same size and shape as gabapentin capsules. All Patients were observed for PONV and adverse effects of the drug for 24 h. Metoclopramid (10 mg)
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Dec 2012 00:00:00 +033
  • Minimally Invasive Technique for Removal of Giant Serous Cyst Adenoma of
           the Ovary

    • Abstract: Case Presentation: We report a case where a substantial right ovarian cyst in a 13 year old was removed through a single incision in the superior umbilical fold leaving no discernable scar. The placement of a purse string facilitated safe decompression of the cyst allowing delivery into the wound where the lining was stripped before being returned to the abdomen.,Conclusions: Subsequent single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) port placement through the same wound allowed for a full inspection of the pelvis and abdomen. This approach represents an advance on conventional surgery and is a tenable alternative to an exclusive laparoscopic technique.,Background: Large ovarian cysts are rarely seen in the paediatric population and can now be managed by a variety of surgical approaches.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Dec 2012 03:30:00 +033
  • Bed Balancing in Surgical Wards via Block Scheduling

    • Abstract: Background: Operating room (OR) planning involves the creation of a “master surgical schedule” in which surgeons are assigned to specific operating rooms (ORs) on specific days of a week. The master schedule is typically one or two weeks long repeatable for several months.,Objectives: The purpose of this study was to recommend using a mathematical program to generate a rotation in a way that the limited operating room capacity could be distributed based on smoothing expected demand for in-patient beds.,Patients and Methods: This study concentrated on the service-level scheduling at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada, to build such a model. We assumed that the number of blocks (days) for each surgeon was given, and that the expected case-mix for each surgeon was chosen by random sampling based on historical data. The goal was to assign surgeons to the blocks so tat bed occupancy in the wards would become as stable as possible during the week. The planning problem was first formulated as a
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Dec 2012 03:30:00 +033
  • Tension-Free Mesh Inguinal Hernia Repair; Laparoscopic or Open'

    • Abstract: Conclusions: Laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair has longer operation time and more cost than the open technique. Local wound complications were more prevalent in the open repair. The postoperative pain, the hospital stay, the scrotal-related complications as well as the recurrence rates were the same in the both groups. The laparoscopy can detect and treat other intra-abdominal pathologies which have not been diagnosed preoperatively.,Results: The study included 217 cases; 114 in the group I and 103 in the group II. The operation time was significantly longer in the TAPP group (76.5 ± 18 vs. 67.6 ± 20 minutes). However, the overall hospital stay was less (2.6 ±0.79 vs. 2.9 ±0.87 days.) Early postoperative pain scores in the groups I and II were 0.95 ± 1.36 and 1.48 ± 1.47 and long-term pain and numbness were9% and 7.5% respectively, which were not significantly different between the two groups. The postoperative scrotal-related complications occurred more in the laparoscopic group (15% vs. 7.5%).
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Dec 2012 00:00:00 +033
  • Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Thymectomy as an Optimal Treatment in
           Myasthenia Gravis

    • Abstract: Objectives: After the introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy, there has been increased interest in the use of this technique for myasthenia gravis. We conducted a retrospective study to assess the safety and efficacy of VATS thymectomy in treatment of myasthenia gravis.,Patients and Methods: The medical records of 50 patients who underwent VATS thymectomy for the treatment of myasthenia gravis between May 2005 and June 2010 in Afzalipour Hospital, (affiliated to Kerman Medical University of Sciences, Iran) were reviewed. The patients were examined for response to treatment; for patients who were not available for examination, data was obtained through telephone conversations.,Background: Myasthenia gravis is a neurological disorder characterized by muscle weakness. The role of thoracoscopic thymectomy in the treatment of this disease is controversial, but has some advantages that include less pain, shorter hospital stays, and better cosmetic results.,Results: Forty-three of 50
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Dec 2012 00:00:00 +033
  • Effect of Ondansetron and Dexametasone on Post-Operative Nausea and
           Vomiting in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    • Abstract: Results: The complete response was observed in 62.2, 68.2 and 89.6 percent of O, D, and OD groups, respectively. The frequency of complete response was significantly lower in OD-group (P = 0.011 vs. the D and P = 0.005 vs. the O group). The need for the antiemetic drug in groups O, D, and OD was 28.3, 22.8, and 6.2, respectively. The incidence of vomiting and failure in prophylaxis was observed in D-group during the first six hrs. The highest need for the anti-vomiting drug within the 6 to 24 hours of post operation was observed in group O compared to the group OD (P = 0.012).,Patients and Methods: One hundred fifty patients with ASA class I and II aged between 20-65 years voluntarily participated in this double-blind randomized prospective study. The patients were randomly divided into three groups of 50. All the participants faced general anesthetic procedure whereas each group received different treatment regimen as follow: the O-group, 4 mg ondansetrone, the D-group, 8 mg dexamethasone, and the OD –grou
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Dec 2012 00:00:00 +033
  • Does Diagnostic Laparoscopy Have Value in Unexplained Infertile
           Couple' A Review of the Current Literature

    • Abstract: Context: Correct timing of diagnostic laparoscopy for unexplained infertility management remains as a debate for clinicians. A cost-effective strategy of diagnostic laparoscopy utilization for unexplained infertile patients is much needed.,Evidence Acquisition: Detailed evaluation of the articles extracted from a “Pubmed” and “Cochrane database” search using “unexplained infertility and diagnostic laparoscopy” word group between 1993 and 2012 was the preparation style of this review.,Results: Diagnostic laparoscopy should be considered when there are abnormal hysterosalpingography results, a past history of pelvic infection, pelvic surgery and/or unexplained secondary infertility during management of an unexplained infertile couple. Currently, omitting diagnostic laparoscopy following a normal hysterosalpingography in couples suspected to have unexplained infertility and proceeding with ovulation induction for several cycles before referring to assisted reproductive techniques are recommended. The
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Nov 2012 03:30:00 +033
  • A Comparison Between Two Different Prophylactic Doses of Unfractionated
           Heparin for Deep Venous Thrombosis Prevention in Laparoscopic Bariatric

    • Abstract: Background: Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) is a major risk of morbidity and mortality in morbid obese patients underwent bariatric surgery. There are some controversies in different kind of prophylactic strategies for DVT in laparoscopic bariatric surgeries. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is an available and reversible anticoagulant used for DVT prophylaxis.,Objectives: This study aimed to compare clinical results of two different dosage regimes of unfractionated heparin for short term prophylaxis of DVT after bariatric surgery.,Patients and Methods: 139 patients with morbid obesity who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and laparoscopic gastric banding) were evaluated in two groups: group A received 5000 IU unfractionated heparin q12h and group B received the same dose but q8h ( preliminary dose received before induction of anesthesia followed by 2 or 3 times daily). All patients were evaluated by physical examination and Doppler ultra sound for D
      PubDate: Sun, 30 Sep 2012 03:30:00 +033
  • Laparoscopic Management of Omental Cyst in a Child Using Two Ports
           Technique: A Case Report and Review of Relevant Literature

    • Abstract: Background: Omental cysts are rarely intra-abdominal pathology. We report a case of omental cyst successfully resected by laparoscopy using two ports only with excellent outcome.,Case Presentation: Our patient was a seven year old girl who presented with complaints of lump in abdomen, in which laparoscopy aided in making a correct final diagnosis and the surgical management. Preoperative diagnostic work-up included Ultrasonography and Computed Tomography scan (CT scan) of abdomen which revealed huge intraabdominal cystic lesion of unknown origin. Extensive diagnostic workup did not reveal the etiology of his problem. Diagnostic laparoscopy led to the correct diagnosis and appropriate surgical treatment with complete relief of his complaint. Histopathology of the excised specimen was suggestive of lymphangioma.,Conclusions: On six months of follow up, the patient is doing well and asymptomatic with no evidence of recurrence.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery in Loss of the Guide Wire: Case Report

    • Abstract: Background: Catheterization of central veins is a routine technique which is widely used in general hospitals and medical intensive care units. It should be carefully performed and managed to prevent adverse side effects.,Case Presentation: In this case report, we describe a case of lost guide wire during central venous catheterization, which was successfully treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique.,Conclusions: Inattention is the main cause of the retained guide wires. The interventional angiography is usually successful as the first line therapy.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Meralgia Paresthetica After Bariatric Surgery in Iranian Patients

    • Abstract: Background: Meralgia paresthetica (MP) is a benign clinical syndrome of entrapment of the lateral cutaneous nerve in the thigh. Among the complications of bariatric surgery, neurologic complications are not uncommon and of these complications, MP is a frequent clinical diagnosis. Thus, knowing the clinical risk factors of MP is of great importance as they help with the differential diagnoses of MP from other serious disorders.,Objectives: To study the prevalence of MP and its clinical risk factors after bariatric surgery in a sample of Iranian morbid obese patients undergoing surgery for obesity. ,Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 163 patients (146 females and 17 males), who underwent bariatric surgery, were called one to 48 months after their surgery. After obtaining their consent, the patients were interviewed and completed a questionnaire containing history and presentation of neuropathy for this study. In addition, some of the variables of the questionnaire were filled using the patient’
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Survival and Catheter Related Complications Among Iranian End Stage Renal
           Disease Patients: Hasheminejad Kidney Center, 2010 to 2011

    • Abstract: Background: The invention of central venous catheters (CVC) for hemodialysis (HD), brought about a fundamental change in the treatment of patients who needed HD, from the late 1970’s till the present time. Nowadays the use of CVC is a common medical procedure. Increasing use of these methods necessitates clarification of the exact nature of the effects, and potential complications for surgeons.,Objectives: This study attempts to determine the frequency of CVC; complications, survival rates and outcomes in HD patients, treated at the Hasheminejad Kidney Center, Tehran from January 2010 till June 2011.,Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, we collected data (using the census method) from the records of all patients over the age of 18 years, who had been referred, from January 2010 till June 2011, for CVC insertion. Catheter sites, related complications, creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hgb), survival rate of catheters and the patients’ demographic data, were collected and analyzed.,Re
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Assessing Effect of Fascial Non-Closure in 10 mm Trocar Sites on Incidence
           of Incisional Hernia

    • Abstract: Background: Trocar site, incisional hernia is one of the serious complications of laparoscopic surgery. As a result, many surgeons prefer to close the fascia, especially in those sites where a trocar of 10 mm in size or larger has been inserted. On the other hand, suturing the fascia may lead to damage of other tissues, such as the intestines; hence, some surgeons prefer not to close the fascia.,Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the outcome of using fascial non-closure in sites of 10 mm ports and the incidence of subsequent incisional hernia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.,Patients and Methods: The current study was a cohort scheduled for surgery in the General Surgery Ward at the Shariati Hospital of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Two hundred and twenty patients were selected in a convenient manner for a cholecystectomy. A 10 mm trocar was inserted in the umbilicus and the other ports were 5 mm. None of the trocar sites was closed. All of the patients were foll
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Evaluation of Gastrografin Therapeutic Role in the Management of Small
           Bowel Obstruction

    • Abstract: Background: Small bowel obstruction is one of the most common surgical emergencies and main causes of hospital admissions. Diatrizoate Meglumine Gastrografin, a hyperosmolar water-soluble contrast agent, has been used to triage patients with small bowel obstruction for an operative or a non-operative management. It can also have a therapeutic effect by increasing the pressure gradient across obstructive sites that may result in resolving the obstruction.,Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the gastrografin effect in the resolution of small bowel obstruction.,Patients and Methods: In this cross sectional–descriptive study, gastrografin was given to patients diagnosed with small bowel obstruction in clinical and radiological grounds . The contrast passage was assessed by serial X-rays. If the contrast remained in the small bowel, a decision was made as to whether proceed to surgical intervention, based on clinical condition. The patients were divided into two groups: A, who finally required surgery,
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Surgeon Satisfaction During Endoscopic Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid
           Rhinorrhea: A Comparison Between Propofol-Remifentanil and
           Isoflurane-Remifentanil Anesthesia

    • Abstract: Background: Surgeon’s depend to a large degree on the amount of blood loss and a clear view of the surgical field, when conducting endoscopic procedures in order to achieve satisfactory outcomes. The anesthesiologist’s choice of method for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia plays a major role in achieving this goal.,Objectives: This study was performed in order to compare the two most well-known methods in this regard; total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and venous inhalational mixed anesthesia (VIMA).,Patients and Methods: This study included the endoscopic management of 89 patients with cerebrospinal leakage (CSF leakage) covering a period of nine years (1999-2008) for whom a subarachnoid injection of fluorescein was first administered, and afterwards they were maintained under general anesthesia using two distinct methods; propofol-remifentanil versus isoflurane–remifentanil (inhalational or intravenous). During the operation, hemodynamic indices, blood loss, and surgeon’s satisfaction, we
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Hem-O-Lok Clip Is Safe in Minimally Invasive General Surgery: A Single
           Center Experience and Review of Data From Food and Drug Administration

    • Abstract: Background: Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT) is a major risk of morbidity and mortality in morbid obese patients underwent bariatric surgery. There are some controversies in different kind of prophylactic strategies for DVT in laparoscopic bariatric surgeries. Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is an available and reversible anticoagulant used for DVT prophylaxis.,Objectives: This study aimed to compare clinical results of two different dosage regimes of unfractionated heparin for short term prophylaxis of DVT after bariatric surgery.,Patients and Methods : 139 patients with morbid obesity who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and laparoscopic gastric banding) were evaluated in two groups: group A received 5000 IU unfractionated heparin q12h and group B received the same dose but q8h ( preliminary dose received before induction of anesthesia followed by 2 or 3 times daily). All patients were evaluated by physical examination and Doppler ultra sound for
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Acute Appendicitis Following Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    • Abstract: Abstract: Appendicitis after age 40 is unusual, and appendicitis two days after laparoscopic hysterectomy is very rare and has not been reported to date. We describe a 44-year-old woman who had abdominal pain two days after laparoscopic hysterectomy. The pathology report indicated early appendicitis and the pain disappeared after appendectomy. In our opinion, the cause of appendicitis may have been related to the use of monopolar and bipolar coagulation during laparoscopic hysterectomy, although the coincidence of appendicitis and laparoscopic surgery may be accidental.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • A Novel Technique for Managing Complicated Branchial Cyst

    • Abstract: Abstract: In this study we present successful management of an inflamed branchial cyst by stripping the inner lining thus providing a safe and definitive treatment. We believe that this is the first report of this technique in the literature.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Laparoscopic Crural Repair With Simultaneous Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Way in
           Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Treatment Associated With Morbid Obesity

    • Abstract: Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular both as a definitive and a staged procedure for morbid obesity. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common co-morbid disease in bariatric patients.,Patients and Methods: The participants in the study were twenty patients, 14 women and 6 men, with a mean body mass index of 43.4 ± 1.9 kg/m2 and mean age of 47 years. All the subjects were eligible for LSG and eight were found to have esophagitis at pre-operative endoscopy. Patients with Barrett’s esophagus were excluded. GERD symptom questionnaire, 24-hour esophageal pH-metry, and manometry were employed as Pre-and post-procedure assessments. The mean follow-up period was eight months. Clinical outcomes were also evaluated in terms of GERD symptoms improvement or resolution, interruption of antireflux medication, and X-ray evidence of HH recurrence.,Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of LSG and hiatal hernia repair (HHR) to treat obesity, complicated by
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jun 2012 04:30:00 +043
  • Histologic Evaluation of the Gastrointestinal Tract and Pancreatic Changes
           After Laparoscopy-Assisted Distal Gastrectomy in Canine Model

    • Abstract: : Background: Total and partial gastrectomy is commonly used to treat gastric carcinoma or other benign or malignant conditions of the stomach. Laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy is an alternative approach for treating mucosal gastric cancer. Many investigators have assessed the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of this procedure.Objectives: The aim of present study is to compare the outcomes obtained using Roux-en-Y and Jejunal Loop Interposition reconstructive techniques after laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy and determine the gross pathologic and histological changes in the anastomotic area and the macroscopic and microscopic pancreatic changes 1 and 3 months after the surgery.Materials and Methods: Twelve adult healthy male mixed-breed dogs were divided randomly into 2 groups of 6 animals each. In group A, left gastroepiploic vessel and its branches, gastroepiploic ligament, and right gastroepiploic vessels were ligated and resected laparoscopically. A loop of jejunum, 20 cm distal to th
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Mar 2012 00:00:00 +033
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