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Publisher: Ubiquity Press Limited   (Total: 47 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 47 of 47 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archaeology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Architectural Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Belgian J. of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comics Grid : J. of Comics Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cultural Science J.     Open Access  
Data Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Molecular and Clinical Medicine     Open Access  
Future Cities and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Glocality     Open Access  
Glossa : A J. of General Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
Insights : the UKSG journal     Open Access   (Followers: 108, SJR: 0.473, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Review of Social Psychology / Revue Intl.e de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Circadian Rhythms     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Cognition     Open Access  
J. of Computer Applications in Archaeology     Open Access  
J. of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
J. of European Psychology Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Interactive Media in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Molecular Signaling     Open Access   (SJR: 0.677, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Open Hardware     Open Access  
J. of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Open Psychology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Open Research Software     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Portuguese Linguistics     Open Access  
KULA : knowldge creation, dissemination, and preservation studies     Open Access  
Laboratory Phonology : J. of the Association for Laboratory Phonology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Le foucaldien     Open Access  
MaHKUscript. J. of Fine Art Research     Open Access  
Metaphysics     Open Access  
Open Health Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Bioresources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Quaternary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Physical Activity and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Present Pasts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.426, CiteScore: 1)
Secularism and Nonreligion     Open Access  
Tilburg Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.289, CiteScore: 0)
Transactions of the Intl. Society for Music Information Retrieval     Open Access  
Utrecht J. of Intl. and European Law     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Worldwide Waste : J. of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
Journal Cover
Open Quaternary
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2055-298X
Published by Ubiquity Press Limited Homepage  [47 journals]
  • Testing the Utility of Geochemical Proxies to Reconstruct Holocene Coastal
           Environments and Relative Sea Level: A Case Study from Hungry Bay, Bermuda

    • Abstract: On low-lying, tropical and sub-tropical coastlines freshwater marshes may be replaced by salt‑tolerant mangroves in response to relative sea-level rise. Pollen analysis of radiocarbon‑dated sediment cores showed that such a change occurred in Hungry Bay, Bermuda during the late Holocene. This well-established paleoenvironmental trajectory provides an opportunity to explore if geochemical proxies (bulk-sediment δ13C and Rock-Eval pyrolysis) can reconstruct known environmental changes and relative sea level. We characterized surface sediment from depositional environments in Bermuda (freshwater wetlands, saline mangroves, and wrack composed of Sargassum natans macroalgae) using geochemical measurements and demonstrate that a multi-proxy approach can objectively distinguish among these environments. However, application of these techniques to the transgressive sediment succession beneath Hungry Bay suggests that freshwater peat and mangrove peat cannot be reliably distinguished in the sedimentary record, possibly because of post‑depositional convergence of geochemical characteristics on decadal to multi‑century timescales and/or the relatively small number of modern samples analyzed. Sediment that includes substantial contributions from Sargassum is readily identified by geochemistry, but has a limited spatial extent. Radiocarbon dating indicates that beginning at –700 CE, episodic marine incursions into Hungry Bay (e.g., during storms) carried Sargassum that accumulated as wrack and thickened through repeated depositional events until ~300 CE. It took a further ~550 years for a peat‑forming mangrove community to colonize Hungry Bay, which then accumulated sediment rapidly, but likely out of equilibrium with regional relative sea-level rise. Published on 2019-02-05 10:13:46
  • Quantitative Late Quaternary Climate Reconstruction from Plant Macrofossil
           Communities in Western North America

    • Abstract: The Late Quaternary packrat (Neotoma spp.) midden plant macrofossil record in western North America is an exceptional record of biotic change that provides strong evidence of past climate. In this study, we generate quantitative estimates of climate from plant community composition of more than 600 individual paleomiddens over the past 50,000 years. Here we present the first large-scale application of CRACLE (Climate Reconstruction Analysis using Coexistence Likelihood Estimation), a quantitative climate inference method that uses plant community composition as a climate proxy under the individualistic concept of plant community assembly. The results are spatiotemporally specific estimates of temperature, precipitation, available moisture, and seasonal patterns that are consistent with well understood global climate patterns but provide previously unavailable detail and precision of the regional paleoclimate in western North America. Rapid warming is estimated at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, at a conservative estimate of ca. 1°C per millennium. Previously projected future temperature increases suggest a rate of increase of more than 2°C over the next century, an astonishing 10× the rate experienced at any point during the past 50,000 years in Western North America. These analyses form a baseline demonstration of how the growing paleoecological record of packrat midden plant macrofossils can provide quantitative estimates of paleoclimate that aid in understanding the complexities of, and biotic responses to the regional climate system. This work is the first synthetic application of any paleoclimate estimation method to packrat midden plant macrofossils. Published on 2018-12-19 00:00:00
  • Taking Fire Science and Practice to the Next Level: Report from the PAGES
           Global Paleofire Working Group Workshop 2017 in Montreal, Canada –
           Paleofire Knowledge for Current and Future Ecosystem Management

    • Abstract: This report summarizes the outcome of the PAGES Global Paleofire Working Group workshop 2017 that took place in Montreal, Canada – Paleofire knowledge for current and future ecosystem management. The workshop aimed to (1) discuss the importance of past fire or paleofire research, focused on long-term influence of fire on the environments worldwide, in nature conservation, (2) find ways to integrate scientific achievements of paleofire research into ecosystem management practices, and (3) start the dialogue with ecosystem managers, practitioners and policymakers (EMPPs). With this report, the members of the Global Paleofire Working Group would like to open a discussion about how igniting new collaborations with EMPPs and make paleofire data useful for fire risk management. We recognized four main challenges in communication and cooperation between scientists and EMPPs: little awareness of EMPPs about paleofire research, differences in professional language used in an operational context by scientists and EMPPs, scientific data availability, and costs of paleoecological expertise. Moreover, we indicate the way to improve the communication between scientists and EMPPs by proposing a scheme of cooperation between both groups. We want to encourage researchers working in various fields of paleoecology to open up for the cooperation with EMPPs in the future, especially helping to create ecosystem management plans, because paleoecological data carry important information about the evolution of ecosystems that is vital in the context of global change. Published on 2018-10-11 11:28:15
  • What Makes a Dog' Stable Isotope Analysis and Human-canid
           Relationships at Arroyo Hondo Pueblo

    • Abstract: Domesticated animals in the prehispanic American Southwest/Mexican Northwest functioned in many roles, but these roles seem to have varied across time and space. In this study, we use bone collagen and apatite carbon (δ13Ccol/ap) and nitrogen (δ15N) stable isotopes to investigate the role(s) of seven canids from Arroyo Hondo Pueblo (LA 12), a 14th century site in the northern Rio Grande, New Mexico. Results indicate that in some cases, coyotes seem to have been treated like dogs; in others, dogs seem to have been treated like their wild relatives. In all cases, canids were treated differently than domestic turkeys. We conclude that ethnographic, genetic, geochemical and site-specific contextual data are required to understand the roles of dogs and wild canids in Ancestral Puebloan contexts.Social Media: New isotopic data, combined with previously published provenience and aDNA information, suggest different classifications of canids by Ancestral Puebloans at Arroyo Hondo Pueblo. Published on 2018-09-18 14:16:07
  • Roads and Military Provisioning During the French and Indian War
           (1754–1763): The Faunal Remains of Fort Shirley, PA in Context

    • Abstract: Early British generals faced serious challenges in delivering and storing sufficient provisions for 18th century British soldiers and colonial militia. This analysis investigates the influence of developed road systems that facilitated delivery of provisions and resulted in distinctive dietary patterning. The comparison of faunal data from forts located on major road systems with frontier garrisons and associated Native American villages like Fort Shirley and Aughwick Old Town, a short-lived (1754–1756) French and Indian War frontier fortification in central Pennsylvania, indicates a significantly reduced reliance on domestic livestock at these more inaccessible locations. These results suggest that road infrastructure heavily influenced military provisioning, encouraged adaptation to frontier living through reliance on wild game, and resulted in varied dietary practices at military installations in eastern North America. Published on 2018-07-16 13:17:19
  • The Final Palaeolithic Hunter-Gatherer Colonisation of Lithuania in Light
           of Recent Palaeoenvironmental Research

    • Abstract: This paper critically reviews the culture-historical framework for the re-colonisation of Lithuania during the Final Palaeolithic in the light of recent palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental data. We argue that the existing chronology of the Final Palaeolithic in Lithuania suffers from an undue western European orientation grounded in research history, and that it likely requires reconsideration. The lack of well-constrained excavations, the paucity of both radiocarbon dates and of palaeoenvironmental data pertinent to the Last Glacial-Interglacial Transition (LGIT) lead us to be cautious with regard to the existing chronology. In reviewing the typological classification of the relevant lithic material, we argue in particular that there is a lack of reliable evidence not only for Hamburgian occupation but also for any substantive Federmessergruppen, Brommean and Ahrensburgian presence. Whilst Swiderian sites are better represented, a large majority of these may date to the early Holocene. In light of the current evidence, we question the usefulness of existing archaeological taxonomies for this period and favour a model of punctuated colonisation for the Lithuanian territory, where periodic and ephemeral forager presences are interspersed with longer periods of depopulation. In closing, we outline avenues for future research in the region. Published on 2018-06-27 13:51:10
  • Ancient DNA Analysis and Stable Isotope Ecology of Sea Turtles
           (Cheloniidae) from the Gold Rush-era (1850s) Eastern Pacific Ocean

    • Abstract: Historical and archaeological evidence documents the importation of sea turtles from the eastern Pacific Ocean (Baja California) to California during the Gold Rush (1848–1855) and through the end of 19th century, but it is unknown whether these 19th century sea turtles foraged in similar ways to their modern counterparts. To identify the species of two Gold Rush-era sea turtle specimens recovered from archaeological deposits in San Francisco, California, we first analyze ancient DNA (aDNA). We then analyze carbon (δ13Ccol), nitrogen (δ15N), and hydrogen (δD) stable isotopes of bone collagen and carbon (δ13Cap) and oxygen (δ18Oap) stable isotopes of bone apatite to test if eastern Pacific sea turtle diets have changed over the past 160 years. Ancient DNA confirms that both archaeological specimens are green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas). The stable isotope values from the 19th-century specimens are statistically indistinguishable from the modern comparatives in both δ13Ccoland δ15N, suggesting that green sea turtle dietary intake has remained relatively unchanged since the 1850s. However, the values are unclear for δD and δ18Oapand require additional research.Social Media: Ancient DNA and isotopic analysis of 1850s sea turtles suggest stability in sea turtle foraging through time despite environmental changes. Published on 2018-05-30 13:15:54
  • Genetic Insight into an Extinct Population of Asian Elephants (Elephas
           maximus) in the Near East

    • Abstract: The current range of the Asian elephant is fragmented and restricted to southern Asia. Its historical range was far wider and extended from Anatolia and the Levant to Central China. The fossil record from these peripheral populations is scant and we know little of their relationship to modern Asian elephants. To gain a first insight to the genetic affinity of an E. maximus population that once inhabited Turkey we sequenced ca. 570 bp mtDNA from four individuals dating to ~3500 cal. BP. We show that these elephants carried a rare haplotype previously only observed in one modern elephant from Thailand. These results clarify the taxonomic identity of specimens with indeterminate morphologies and show that this ancient population groups within extant genetic variation. By placing the age of the common ancestor of this haplotype in the interval 3.7–58.7 kya (mean = 23.5 kya) we show that range-wide connectivity occurred at some time or times since the start of MIS 3, ~57 kya, probably reflecting range and population expansion during a favourable climatic episode. The genetic data do not distinguish natural versus anthropogenic origin of the Near Eastern Bronze Age population, but together with archaeological and paleoclimatic data they allow the possibility of a natural westward expansion around that time. Published on 2018-03-21 11:54:37
  • Provisioning the Early Bronze Age City of Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel:
           Isotopic Analyses of Domestic Livestock Management Patterns

    • Abstract: It is often assumed that domestic animals in early urban Near Eastern centres either are a reflection of the local pastoral economy, or were raised at a distance by pastoral specialists. In this paper, we test these assumptions through detailed isotopic analyses (carbon, oxygen and strontium) of caprines (sheep and goat) from Tell es-Safi/Gath, an Early Bronze Age urban centre in central Israel. The isotopic analyses demonstrate that the bulk of the caprines were raised within the general vicinity of the site, suggesting that the majority of food resources were largely produced at the local level, within the territory of the city-state, and not at a distance by specialised pastoralists. It is the rare specimen that comes from a great distance and would have entered the local system through long distance trade networks. Published on 2018-02-05 15:31:23
  • Hens, Health and Husbandry: Integrated Approaches to Past Poultry-keeping
           in England

    • Abstract: This paper sheds new light on aspects of Roman and Anglo-Saxon chicken (Gallus gallus) husbandry and health through integrating analyses of chicken skeletal remains and eggshell from five archaeological sites in England (Fishbourne Roman Palace, Flixborough, Lyminge, Princesshay, and Uley). In addition to standardised archaeozoological study, over 10,400 chicken elements from these sites were subjected to palaeopathological and metrical analyses to clarify the relationship between husbandry methods and signs of disease and injury. Radiographic examination contributed to differential diagnosis of lesions and identification of medullary bone in complete appendicular elements. Eggshell examination was conducted on material from Flixborough using Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry and Scanning Electron Microscopy to identify species and developmental stage. Combined, these techniques demonstrate previously-unknown patterns of egg production and consumption. By integrating these approaches, our results reveal previously unconsidered aspects of chicken husbandry and illuminate the broader value and social impact of past chicken-human relationships from the first millennium AD. Published on 2017-08-23 12:30:54
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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