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Publisher: Ubiquity Press Limited   (Total: 36 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archaeology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Architectural Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Belgian J. of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comics Grid : J. of Comics Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Data Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.244, h-index: 11)
Glocality     Open Access  
Glossa : A J. of General Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Insights : the UKSG journal     Open Access   (Followers: 108, SJR: 0.204, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.746, h-index: 9)
Intl. Review of Social Psychology / Revue Intl.e de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access  
J. of Circadian Rhythms     Open Access   (SJR: 0.877, h-index: 20)
J. of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
J. of European Psychology Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Interactive Media in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Molecular Signaling     Open Access   (SJR: 1.705, h-index: 23)
J. of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Open Psychology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Open Research Software     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Portuguese Linguistics     Open Access  
Laboratory Phonology : J. of the Association for Laboratory Phonology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Le foucaldien     Open Access  
MaHKUscript. J. of Fine Art Research     Open Access  
Open Health Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Bioresources     Open Access  
Open Quaternary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Present Pasts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.224, h-index: 23)
Secularism and Nonreligion     Open Access  
Stability : Intl. J. of Security and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Utrecht J. of Intl. and European Law     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Worldwide Waste : J. of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
Journal Cover Open Quaternary
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2055-298X
   Published by Ubiquity Press Limited Homepage  [36 journals]
  • Genetic Insight into an Extinct Population of Asian Elephants (Elephas
           maximus) in the Near East

    • Abstract: The current range of the Asian elephant is fragmented and restricted to southern Asia. Its historical range was far wider and extended from Anatolia and the Levant to Central China. The fossil record from these peripheral populations is scant and we know little of their relationship to modern Asian elephants. To gain a first insight to the genetic affinity of an E. maximus population that once inhabited Turkey we sequenced ca. 570 bp mtDNA from four individuals dating to ~3500 cal. BP. We show that these elephants carried a rare haplotype previously only observed in one modern elephant from Thailand. These results clarify the taxonomic identity of specimens with indeterminate morphologies and show that this ancient population groups within extant genetic variation. By placing the age of the common ancestor of this haplotype in the interval 3.7–58.7 kya (mean = 23.5 kya) we show that range-wide connectivity occurred at some time or times since the start of MIS 3, ~57 kya, probably reflecting range and population expansion during a favourable climatic episode. The genetic data do not distinguish natural versus anthropogenic origin of the Near Eastern Bronze Age population, but together with archaeological and paleoclimatic data they allow the possibility of a natural westward expansion around that time. Published on 2018-03-21 11:54:37
  • Provisioning the Early Bronze Age City of Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel:
           Isotopic Analyses of Domestic Livestock Management Patterns

    • Abstract: It is often assumed that domestic animals in early urban Near Eastern centres either are a reflection of the local pastoral economy, or were raised at a distance by pastoral specialists. In this paper, we test these assumptions through detailed isotopic analyses (carbon, oxygen and strontium) of caprines (sheep and goat) from Tell es-Safi/Gath, an Early Bronze Age urban centre in central Israel. The isotopic analyses demonstrate that the bulk of the caprines were raised within the general vicinity of the site, suggesting that the majority of food resources were largely produced at the local level, within the territory of the city-state, and not at a distance by specialised pastoralists. It is the rare specimen that comes from a great distance and would have entered the local system through long distance trade networks. Published on 2018-02-05 15:31:23
  • Hens, Health and Husbandry: Integrated Approaches to Past Poultry-keeping
           in England

    • Abstract: This paper sheds new light on aspects of Roman and Anglo-Saxon chicken (Gallus gallus) husbandry and health through integrating analyses of chicken skeletal remains and eggshell from five archaeological sites in England (Fishbourne Roman Palace, Flixborough, Lyminge, Princesshay, and Uley). In addition to standardised archaeozoological study, over 10,400 chicken elements from these sites were subjected to palaeopathological and metrical analyses to clarify the relationship between husbandry methods and signs of disease and injury. Radiographic examination contributed to differential diagnosis of lesions and identification of medullary bone in complete appendicular elements. Eggshell examination was conducted on material from Flixborough using Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry and Scanning Electron Microscopy to identify species and developmental stage. Combined, these techniques demonstrate previously-unknown patterns of egg production and consumption. By integrating these approaches, our results reveal previously unconsidered aspects of chicken husbandry and illuminate the broader value and social impact of past chicken-human relationships from the first millennium AD. Published on 2017-08-23 12:30:54
  • Variability in Bioavailable 87Sr/86Sr in the North American Midcontinent

    • Abstract: Strontium (Sr) isotope tracers are useful for understanding provenance and mobility in biological materials across multiple disciplines. However, the impact of these techniques is highly dependent on the construction of appropriate comparative baselines (i.e., an isoscape). We present the results of a systematic survey of 87Sr/86Sr values from grasses in the North American Midcontinent with a particular emphasis on sedimentary systems. Although 87Sr/86Sr values are highly variable across the region, the Sr isoscape shows multi-scalar patterns that are dependent on local-to-regional trends in surficial geology. High values are found in bedrock-dominated areas such as the Black Hills (SD) and Ozark Uplift (MO), or formerly glaciated areas where surface deposits are dominated by ice-transported Precambrian clasts. The lowest values are found in river valleys that incorporate eroded Neogene sediments into terrace formation. Intermediate values are found in upland loess and alluvial deposits which blanket much of the study area. We demonstrate trends in large-scale variability of the Midcontinent’s 87Sr/86Sr isoscape and suggest that future refinement focus on sub-regional trends in Sr isotope variability. Published on 2017-06-07 14:01:05
  • Correction: The Draft Genome of Extinct European Aurochs and its
           Implications for De-Extinction

    • Abstract: This article details a correction to the article: Sinding, M-H.S. & Gilbert, M.T.P. 2016 The Draft Genome of Extinct European Aurochs and its Implications for De-Extinction. Open Quaternary. 2(7):
      DOI : Published on 2017-05-08 16:20:09
  • A Modest Addendum to the English Sediment Core Meta-Database

    • Abstract: Compilations of previous studies provide researchers with a source of valuable secondary data for re-analysis, an access route to identify relevant literature and an opportunity to systematically evaluate the research which is conducted and published. Recently Suggitt et al. (2015 Veg Hist Archbot 24, 743–747) presented a valuable compilation of core records for England. Here we present an extended version of this English Sediment Core Meta-database which includes data for 100 additional cores and improves the consistency of presentation. Despite these additions there are clearly large gaps remaining. Maximising the value of such meta-databases requires a community effort and we hope that this contribution will be a first step towards achieving this. Published on 2017-02-20 16:57:39
  • Catch Per Unit Research Effort: Sampling Intensity, Chronological
           Uncertainty, and the Onset of Marine Fish Consumption in Historic London

    • Abstract: As the cumulative volume of ecofactual data from archaeological sites mounts, the analytical tools required for its synthesis have not always kept pace. While recent attention has been devoted to spatial aspects of meta-analysis, the methodological challenges of chronological synthesis have been somewhat neglected. Nowhere is this issue more acute than for urban sites, where complex, well-dated stratigraphy; rich organic remains; and multiple small- to medium-scale excavations often lead to an abundance of small datasets with cross-cutting phasing and varied chronological resolution. Individually these may be of limited value, but together they can represent the environmental and socioeconomic history of a city. The challenge lies in developing tools for effective synthesis.This paper demonstrates a new approach to chronological meta-analysis of ecofactual data, based upon (a) use of simulation to deal with dating uncertainty, and (b) calibration of results for variable research intensity. We apply this approach to a large body of historic-period fish bone data from London, revealing otherwise undetectable detail regarding one of the most profound shifts in medieval English economic and environmental history: the sudden onset of marine fishing commonly known as the Fish Event Horizon. Most importantly, we show that this phenomenon predates any visible decline in deposition of freshwater fish, and hence cannot have been driven by depletion of inland fisheries as has sometimes been suggested. The R package developed for this research, archSeries, is freely available. Published on 2017-01-20 00:00:00
  • The Draft Genome of Extinct European Aurochs and its Implications for

    • Abstract: Whether as a cave painting, a mounted skeleton in a museum, or as described in ancient texts, the extinct aurochs has long mesmerized humans. In the context of genetics, aurochs have been targeted since the early days of the establishment of ancient DNA techniques, and for two decades analyses of its mitochondrial genome have considerably deepened our knowledge of this animal. These studies have produced major discoveries, such as how cattle were domesticated from aurochs through at least two separate events. However, answers to many other aspects of its evolutionary history require more than the sequence from a single non-recombining marker such as the mitochondrial genome. Of these questions, perhaps one of the most fascinating is whether domestic cattle and wild aurochs continued to cross-breed following the initial domestication event, and if so, to what extent' Resolving this question would provide valuable new insights into how our ancestors domesticated cattle and subsequently manipulated their gene pool. In addition, it will become increasingly relevant as we enter the de-extinction debate. Are we witnessing the recovery of information that might, in the not too distant future, allow the re-creation of aurochs through selective back breeding of carefully chosen modern cattle lineages'A correction article relating to this publication can be found here: Published on 2016-09-27 13:10:56
  • Between the Danube and the Deep Blue Sea: Zooarchaeological Meta-Analysis
           Reveals Variability in the Spread and Development of Neolithic Farming
           across the Western Balkans

    • Abstract: The first spread of farming practices into Europe in the Neolithic period involves two distinct ‘streams’, respectively around the Mediterranean littoral and along the Danube corridor to central Europe. In this paper we explore variation in Neolithic animal use practices within and between these streams, focusing on the first region in which they are clearly distinct (and yet still in close proximity): the western Balkans. We employ rigorous and reproducible meta-analysis of all available zooarchaeological data from the region to test hypotheses (a) that each stream featured a coherent ‘package’ of herding and hunting practices in the earliest Neolithic, and (b) that these subsequently diverged in response to local conditions and changing cultural preferences.The results partially uphold these hypotheses, while underlining that Neolithisation was a complex and varied process. A coherent, stable, caprine-based ‘package’ is seen in the coastal stream, albeit with some diversification linked to expansion northwards and inland. Accounting for a severe, systematic bias in bone recovery methodology between streams, we show that sheep and goats also played a major role across the continental stream in the earliest Neolithic (c.6100–5800 BC). This was followed by a geographically staggered transition over c.500 years to an economy focused on cattle, with significant levels of hunting in some areas – a pattern we interpret in terms of gradual adaptation to local conditions, perhaps mediated by varying degrees of cultural conservatism. Subsequent westward expansion carried with it elements of this new pattern, which persisted through the middle and late Neolithic. Published on 2016-09-15 16:09:12
  • Edaphic and Topographic Constraints on Exploitation of the Central Kenya
           Rift by Large Mammals and Early Hominins

    • Abstract: Our aim in this paper is to create a palaeoenvironmental and spatio-temporal framework for interpreting human land use and exploitation of large mammals in the Central Kenya Rift over the past 2 million years, with particular reference to the Nakuru-Elmenteita-Naivasha basin and its adjacent rift flanks on the Kinangop Plateau and Mau escarpment. We pay particular attention to the tectonic and volcanic history of the region, and to the system of lakes that have undergone periodic expansion and contraction during the Pleistocene in response to climatic and tectonic controls. We use this information to reconstruct topographic features as they would have existed at different periods of the past and their likely influence on patterns of large-mammal movements. In addition we present a systematic mapping of variations in the mineral nutrients of soils – soil edaphics – based on 150 analyses of trace elements in modern soil and vegetation samples. Soil edaphics play an important role in animal and human health today, with serious deficiencies in some areas, and would have exerted an important constraint on animal distributions and movements in the past. We show how soil-edaphic properties vary across the region and demonstrate a close relationship between them and the underlying geology and sediments, which allows us to project patterns back into the past and extrapolate them over larger areas. Using this combination of variables, we construct maps that help to place archaeological sites into their wider regional setting. We focus in particular on the Acheulean site of Kariandusi and show that it occupied a unique window of opportunity in place and time for trapping mammals constrained to move through a narrowly defined topographic bottleneck between edaphically-rich areas. We infer that the site was used for a simple form of ambush hunting and briefly explore the implications for differential site use, formation, preservation and visibility. Published on 2016-07-12 14:01:12
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Heriot-Watt University
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