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Publisher: Ubiquity Press Limited   (Total: 36 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 36 of 36 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archaeology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Architectural Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Belgian J. of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.167, CiteScore: 0)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comics Grid : J. of Comics Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Data Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 1)
Glocality     Open Access  
Glossa : A J. of General Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Insights : the UKSG journal     Open Access   (Followers: 100, SJR: 0.473, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Review of Social Psychology / Revue Intl.e de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (SJR: 0.421, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Circadian Rhythms     Open Access   (SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
J. of European Psychology Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Interactive Media in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Molecular Signaling     Open Access   (SJR: 0.677, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
J. of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Open Psychology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Open Research Software     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Portuguese Linguistics     Open Access  
Laboratory Phonology : J. of the Association for Laboratory Phonology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Le foucaldien     Open Access  
MaHKUscript. J. of Fine Art Research     Open Access  
Open Health Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Bioresources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Quaternary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Present Pasts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.426, CiteScore: 1)
Secularism and Nonreligion     Open Access  
Stability : Intl. J. of Security and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.438, CiteScore: 1)
Utrecht J. of Intl. and European Law     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Worldwide Waste : J. of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
Journal Cover
Laboratory Phonology : Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1868-6346 - ISSN (Online) 1868-6354
Published by Ubiquity Press Limited Homepage  [36 journals]
  • The gradient influence of temporal extent of coarticulation on vowel and
           speaker perception

    • Abstract: Coarticulation makes vowels in context acoustically different from context-free vowels. Listeners sometimes compensate by ascribing these acoustic effects to their source, but the conditions under which they do so have not yet been fully pinpointed. Ohala (1993) had suggested that acoustic effects which are temporally more distant from their source should be more susceptible to misattribution. In three experiments, we tested this hypothesis by varying the temporal extent of coda-triggered coarticulation on vowels and investigating its influence on two different perceptual behaviors: speaker-model representation and vowel-phoneme identification. Experiment 1 asked listeners to estimate speaker height based on /giC/ and /gɪC/ nonsense tokens produced by twelve female speakers. Results indicated a gradient effect: Within lax /ɪ/, greater temporal extent of coarticulation correlated with taller height judgments. Experiment 2a was similar, except that temporal extent of coarticulation in the tokens varied across a wider range of values than in Experiment 1. Results again indicated a gradient effect: Within lax /ɪ/, greater temporal extent of coarticulation correlated with taller height judgments. In Experiment 2b, listeners performed an AXB vowel-phoneme discrimination task. Results showed that greater temporal extent of coarticulation correlated with greater likelihood of listeners judging an intended /ɪ/ token to contain the vowel /ʌ/. Taken together, our results indicate that temporal extent of coarticulation affects both speaker-models and interpretation of vowel identity. Published on 2018-08-06 11:25:00
       
  • Resilience of English vowel perception across regional accent variation

    • Abstract: In two categorization experiments using phonotactically legal nonce words, we tested Australian English listeners’ perception of all vowels in their own accent as well as in four less familiar regional varieties of English which differ in how their vowel realizations diverge from Australian English: London, Yorkshire, Newcastle (UK), and New Zealand. Results of Experiment 1 indicated that amongst the vowel differences described in sociophonetic studies and attested in our stimulus materials, only a small subset caused greater perceptual difficulty for Australian listeners than for the corresponding Australian English vowels. We discuss this perceptual tolerance for vowel variation in terms of how perceptual assimilation of phonetic details into abstract vowel categories may contribute to recognizing words across variable pronunciations. Experiment 2 determined whether short-term multi-talker exposure would facilitate accent adaptation, particularly for those vowels that proved more difficult to categorize in Experiment 1. For each accent separately, participants listened to a pre-test passage in the nonce word accent but told by novel talkers before completing the same task as in Experiment 1. In contrast to previous studies showing rapid adaptation to talker-specific variation, our listeners’ subsequent vowel assimilations were largely unaffected by exposure to other talkers’ accent-specific variation.  Published on 2018-07-17 15:43:13
       
  • What happens to large changes' Saltation produces well-liked outputs
           that are hard to generate

    • Abstract: Saltatory alternations ‘skip over’ intermediate sounds, as in k~s skipping over [t]. Recent research has argued that saltation is diachronically unstable and documented one possible cause of instability: Learners exposed to saltatory alternations may overgeneralize them to intermediate sounds. However, this research has trained participants to criterion or excluded participants who did not reach criterion accuracy on familiar sounds. In first language acquisition, learners of languages with saltatory patterns cannot hope to receive more exposure to the pattern than those learning non-saltatory patterns. For this reason, we examined learning of saltatory and non-saltatory patterns after a constant amount of training. We compared saltatory labial palatalization to non-saltatory alveolar and velar palatalization. Participants showed overgeneralization of saltatory palatalization in a judgment task. However, saltatory alternations did not result in increased rates of palatalizing similar sounds, compared to non-saltatory alternations. Instead, saltatory alternations were less likely to be produced than non-saltatory alternations. These results suggest that large, saltatory alternations may be diachronically unstable because they are harder to (learn to) produce. Instead of being overgeneralized to intermediate sounds, saltatory alternations may disappear from the language by losing productivity and being replaced with faithful mappings. Published on 2018-06-25 15:29:43
       
  • Statistical and acoustic effects on the perception of stop consonants in
           Kaqchikel (Mayan)

    • Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between speech perception and linguistic experience in Kaqchikel, a Guatemalan Mayan language. Our empirical focus is the perception of plain, ejective, and implosive stops. Drawing on an AX discrimination task, a corpus of spoken Kaqchikel, and a text corpus, we make two claims. First, we argue that speech perception is mediated by phonemic representations which include acoustic detail drawn from prior phonetic experience, as in Exemplar Theory. Second, segmental distributions also condition speech perception: The perceptual distinctiveness of a pair of phonemes is affected by their functional load and relative contextual predictability. These top-down factors influence phoneme discrimination even at relatively fast response times. We take this result as evidence that distributional factors like functional load may affect speech perception by shaping perceptual tuning during linguistic development. This study replicates and extends some key findings in speech perception in the context of a language (Kaqchikel) which is structurally and sociolinguistically different from the majority languages (like English) which have served as the basis of most work in the speech perception literature. At the practical level, our research illustrates methods for conducting corpus-based laboratory phonology with lesser-studied and under-resourced languages. Published on 2018-05-25 16:04:10
       
  • The interplay of information structure, semantics, prosody, and word
           ordering in Spanish intransitives

    • Abstract: A production experiment was run to examine how information structure and verbal semantics affect word ordering and nuclear stress placement in intransitive sentences in Venezuelan Spanish. Unaccusative verbs in Spanish are said to be more likely to be subject final (VS order) than unergative verbs, while in languages like English, this is marked with stress shift (i.e., Sv, caps show the nuclear stress). It has long been contended, however, that the semantic factors underlying split intransitivity actually affect information structure, rather than syntax directly. If so, then the effect of verbal semantics on word ordering/nuclear stress placement should be able to be overridden by information structure. Venezuelan Spanish speakers described pictures using a printed unaccusative or unergative verb in response to a question manipulating the information structure type of the subject, i.e., broad focus, theme, QUD-focus, or contrastive focus. Results showed that QUD- and contrastively focused subjects were more likely to carry nuclear stress. Subject stress was also more likely for unaccusatives, but this effect was weaker. Overall stress shift was much more frequent than subject final placement, with neither information structure type nor verb type affecting the likelihood of either response type. These results raise challenges for standard assumptions about the relationship between information structure and unaccusativity, and between final subject placement and stress shift. Published on 2018-05-25 12:48:01
       
  • Phonology modulates the illusory vowels in perceptual illusions: Evidence
           from Mandarin and English

    • Abstract: Native speakers perceive illusory vowels when presented with sound sequences that do not respect the phonotactic constraints of their language (Dupoux, Kakehi, Hirose, Pallier, & Mehler, 1999; Kabak & Idsardi, 2007). There is, however, less work on the quality of the illusory vowel. Recently, it has been claimed that the quality of the illusory vowel is also modulated by the phonology of the language, and that the phenomenon of illusory vowels can be understood as a result of the listener reverse inferring the best parse of the underlying representation given their native language phonology and the acoustics of the input stream (Durvasula & Kahng, 2015). The view predicts that listeners are likely to hear different illusory vowels in different phonological contexts. In support of this prediction, we show through two perceptual experiments that Mandarin Chinese speakers (but not American English speakers) perceive different illusory vowels in different phonotactic contexts. Specifically, when presented with phonotactically illegal alveopalatal coda consonants, Mandarin speakers perceived an illusory /i/, but in illegal alveolar stop coda contexts, they perceived a /ə/. Published on 2018-04-27 18:23:30
       
  • The singleton-geminate distinction can be rate dependent: Evidence from
           Maltese

    • Abstract: Many languages distinguish short and long consonants, or singletons and geminates. The primary acoustic correlate of this distinction is the duration of the consonants. Given that the absolute duration of speech sounds varies with speech rate, the question rises to what extent the category boundary between singletons and geminates is sensitive to the overall speech rate (i.e., rate normalization). Next to rate normalization, there are two other possible explanations how singletons and geminates might be distinguished. First, it has been suggested that despite variation in absolute duration, the two categories remain distinct; that is, even in fast speech, geminates seldom take on durations that would be typical of singletons at slow speech rates. Second, it has been suggested that, with higher speech rate, both the duration of consonants and vowels shrink, so that the duration ratio of consonant and adjacent vowel is a rate independent cue for the singleton-geminate distinction. Using production and perception data from Maltese, we show that, first, the singleton-geminate distinction is endangered by speech-rate variation and, second, consequently undergoes speech-rate normalization. Published on 2018-04-27 18:02:36
       
  • Introducing prosodic variability

    • Abstract: Published on 2018-02-21 17:40:50
       
  • Online perception of glottalized coda stops in American English

    • Abstract: In American English, voiceless codas /t/ and /p/ are often glottalized: They have glottal constriction that results in creaky voice on the preceding vowel. Previous claims suggest that such glottalization can serve to enhance /t/ or, more generally, voicelessness of coda stops. In this study, we examine the timecourse of word recognition to test whether glottalization facilitates the perception of words ending in voiceless /t/ and /p/, which is expected if glottalization is in fact enhancing. Sixty American English listeners participated in an eye-tracking study, where they heard resynthesized glottalized and non-glottalized versions of CVC English words ending in /p, t, b, d/ while looking at a display with two words presented orthographically. Target words were presented with a minimal pair differing in place of articulation (e.g., cop-cot), or voicing, (e.g., bat-bad, cap-cab). Although there is little evidence that glottalization facilitates recognition of words ending in /t/ or /p/, there is a strong inhibitory effect: Words ending in voiced stops are recognized more slowly and poorly when the preceding vowel was glottalized. These findings lend little support to a listener-driven, enhancement-based explanation for the occurrence of coda glottalization in American English. On the other hand, they suggest that glottalized instances of coda /t/ and /p/, but not of coda /d/ and /b/, are perceived as equally good variants of these sounds. Published on 2018-02-14 15:00:39
       
  • Evidence and characterization of a glide-vowel distinction in American
           English

    • Abstract: This study tests whether native speakers of American English exhibit a glide-vowel distinction ([j]-[i]) in a speech elicitation experiment. When reading sentences out loud, participants’ pronunciations of 4 near-minimal pairs of pre-existing lexical items (e.g., Eston[iə] vs. pneumon[jə]) exhibit significant differences when acoustically measured, confirming the presence of a [j]-[i] distinction. This distinction is also found to be productively extended to the production of 20 near-minimal pairs of nonce words (e.g., Súmia → [sumiə] vs. Fímya → [fimjə]), diversified and balanced along different phonologically relevant factors of the surrounding environment. Multiple acoustic measurements are compared to test what aspects most consistently convey the distinction: F2 (frontness), F1 (height), intensity, vocalic sequence duration, transition earliness, and transition speed. This serves the purpose of documenting the distinction’s acoustic phonetic realization. It also serves in the comparison of phonological representations. Multiple types of previously proposed phonological representations are considered along with the competing predictions they generate regarding the acoustic measurements performed. Results suggest that the primary and most consistent characteristic of the distinction is earliness of transition into the following vowel, with results also suggesting that the [j] glide has a greater degree of constriction. The [j] glide is found to have a significantly less anterior articulation, challenging the application of a representation based on place or articulator differences that would predict [j] to be more anterior. Published on 2018-02-07 18:40:45
       
 
 
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