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Publisher: Ubiquity Press Limited   (Total: 35 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 35 of 35 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archaeology Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Architectural Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Belgian J. of Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Comics Grid : J. of Comics Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Data Science J.     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.244, h-index: 11)
Glocality     Open Access  
Glossa : A J. of General Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insights : the UKSG journal     Open Access   (Followers: 127, SJR: 0.204, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.746, h-index: 9)
Intl. Review of Social Psychology / Revue Intl.e de Psychologie Sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Circadian Rhythms     Open Access   (SJR: 0.877, h-index: 20)
J. of Conservation and Museum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
J. of European Psychology Students     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Interactive Media in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Molecular Signaling     Open Access   (SJR: 1.705, h-index: 23)
J. of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Open Humanities Data     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Open Psychology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Open Research Software     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Portuguese Linguistics     Open Access  
Laboratory Phonology : J. of the Association for Laboratory Phonology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
MaHKUscript. J. of Fine Art Research     Open Access  
Open Health Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open J. of Bioresources     Open Access  
Open Quaternary     Open Access  
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Present Pasts     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Psychologica Belgica     Open Access   (SJR: 0.224, h-index: 23)
Secularism and Nonreligion     Open Access  
Stability : Intl. J. of Security and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Utrecht J. of Intl. and European Law     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Worldwide Waste : J. of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
Journal Cover Laboratory Phonology : Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology
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   ISSN (Print) 1868-6346 - ISSN (Online) 1868-6354
   Published by Ubiquity Press Limited Homepage  [35 journals]
  • Introducing prosodic variability

    • Abstract: Published on 2018-02-21 17:40:50
       
  • Online perception of glottalized coda stops in American English

    • Abstract: In American English, voiceless codas /t/ and /p/ are often glottalized: They have glottal constriction that results in creaky voice on the preceding vowel. Previous claims suggest that such glottalization can serve to enhance /t/ or, more generally, voicelessness of coda stops. In this study, we examine the timecourse of word recognition to test whether glottalization facilitates the perception of words ending in voiceless /t/ and /p/, which is expected if glottalization is in fact enhancing. Sixty American English listeners participated in an eye-tracking study, where they heard resynthesized glottalized and non-glottalized versions of CVC English words ending in /p, t, b, d/ while looking at a display with two words presented orthographically. Target words were presented with a minimal pair differing in place of articulation (e.g., cop-cot), or voicing, (e.g., bat-bad, cap-cab). Although there is little evidence that glottalization facilitates recognition of words ending in /t/ or /p/, there is a strong inhibitory effect: Words ending in voiced stops are recognized more slowly and poorly when the preceding vowel was glottalized. These findings lend little support to a listener-driven, enhancement-based explanation for the occurrence of coda glottalization in American English. On the other hand, they suggest that glottalized instances of coda /t/ and /p/, but not of coda /d/ and /b/, are perceived as equally good variants of these sounds. Published on 2018-02-14 15:00:39
       
  • Evidence and characterization of a glide-vowel distinction in American
           English

    • Abstract: This study tests whether native speakers of American English exhibit a glide-vowel distinction ([j]-[i]) in a speech elicitation experiment. When reading sentences out loud, participants’ pronunciations of 4 near-minimal pairs of pre-existing lexical items (e.g., Eston[iə] vs. pneumon[jə]) exhibit significant differences when acoustically measured, confirming the presence of a [j]-[i] distinction. This distinction is also found to be productively extended to the production of 20 near-minimal pairs of nonce words (e.g., Súmia → [sumiə] vs. Fímya → [fimjə]), diversified and balanced along different phonologically relevant factors of the surrounding environment. Multiple acoustic measurements are compared to test what aspects most consistently convey the distinction: F2 (frontness), F1 (height), intensity, vocalic sequence duration, transition earliness, and transition speed. This serves the purpose of documenting the distinction’s acoustic phonetic realization. It also serves in the comparison of phonological representations. Multiple types of previously proposed phonological representations are considered along with the competing predictions they generate regarding the acoustic measurements performed. Results suggest that the primary and most consistent characteristic of the distinction is earliness of transition into the following vowel, with results also suggesting that the [j] glide has a greater degree of constriction. The [j] glide is found to have a significantly less anterior articulation, challenging the application of a representation based on place or articulator differences that would predict [j] to be more anterior. Published on 2018-02-07 18:40:45
       
  • Morpho-phonological regularities influence the dynamics of real-time word
           recognition: Evidence from artificial language learning

    • Abstract: Phonological alternations are attested in many of the world’s languages. In production, these robustly generalize to new words and contexts, suggesting that talkers and listeners of a language have internalized them in some form. However, it is unclear whether listeners’ knowledge of phonological alternations is used during real-time spoken word recognition. The present study asks whether listeners use knowledge of phonological alternations to modulate activation of competitor forms during real-time word recognition. In two experiments, listeners learned an artificial language with phonological alternations. We then used eye-tracking in the visual world paradigm to assess real-time spoken word recognition. We examined fixations to competitors that would be a match to the input because of the learned phonological alternation. Results showed that listeners do use phonological alternations in real time. Given a [t] ~ [d] alternation and an auditory stimulus with a surface [d], listeners fixated the [t]-competitor more than one that could not alternate with [d]. They were even able to generalize this to words that had not been learned in their alternated form. However, not all alternations showed the same pattern; listeners did not use a [d] ~ [z] alternation in the same way. Implications for various models of word recognition are discussed. Published on 2018-01-23 15:16:52
       
  • Iconicity correlated with vowel harmony in Korean ideophones

    • Abstract: This paper aims to establish connections between the following phenomena pertaining to Korean ideophonic vowel harmony: A set of vowel patterns classified (phonologically) as ‘harmonic,’ ‘neutral,’ and ‘disharmonic’; a set of ideophones classified (semantically) as onomatopoeic vs. cross-modal; and a set of form-meaning mappings classified (semiotically) as higher vs. lower in iconicity. Onomatopoeic ideophones represent sounds in the external world by linguistic sounds. To do so effectively requires taking whatever phonological and phonotactic liberties are needed. This predicts that (a) onomatopoeic ideophones will show great diversity in harmony patterns and, in contrast, (b) cross-modal ideophones that capture sensory imagery by using more abstract iconic mappings (Dingemanse et al., 2016) will have more ‘room’ to conform to vowel harmony. To test these hypotheses, the distribution of harmony patterns in onomatopoeic vs. cross-modal ideophones was examined, using a written corpus of Korean ideophonic stems. The results supported the hypotheses by revealing that onomatopoeic ideophones are skewed toward a larger proportion of disharmonic forms compared to cross-modal ideophones.  Published on 2018-01-23 15:02:34
       
  • The role of duration in the perception of vowel merger

    • Abstract: Speakers with vowel categories that are considered merged by traditional measures (e.g., F1 and F2 measurements at a single time point) may contrast vowel classes in dimensions beyond vowel quality, such as duration. Durational differences among vowel classes have been observed to persist even in cases of spectral overlap (e.g., Fridland et al., 2014; Labov & Baranowski, 2006), suggesting that duration may serve as a contrastive cue among spectrally-merged or near-merged vowel classes. This paper examines the role of duration in perception in two communities: Youngstown, OH, which exhibits multiple patterns of merger and distinction among POOL-, PULL-, and POLE-CLASS words, and Burlington, VT, whose residents are largely unmerged. This paper presents the results of a forced-choice identification task consisting of lexical stimuli with synthetically manipulated vowel-liquid durations, analyzed in light of participants’ production data. Results indicate that duration influences vowel categorization and is utilized more extensively when spectral cues are diminished or unavailable. Published on 2017-12-13 15:06:11
       
  • Talker and background noise specificity in spoken word recognition memory

    • Abstract: Prior research has demonstrated that listeners are sensitive to changes in the indexical (talker-specific) characteristics of speech input, suggesting that these signal-intrinsic features are integrally encoded in memory for spoken words. Given that listeners frequently must contend with concurrent environmental noise, to what extent do they also encode signal-extrinsic details' Native English listeners’ explicit memory for spoken English monosyllabic and disyllabic words was assessed as a function of consistency versus variation in the talker’s voice (talker condition) and background noise (noise condition) using a delayed recognition memory paradigm. The speech and noise signals were spectrally-separated, such that changes in a simultaneously presented non-speech signal (background noise) from exposure to test would not be accompanied by concomitant changes in the target speech signal. The results revealed that listeners can encode both signal-intrinsic talker and signal-extrinsic noise information into integrated cognitive representations, critically even when the two auditory streams are spectrally non-overlapping. However, the extent to which extra-linguistic episodic information is encoded alongside linguistic information appears to be modulated by syllabic characteristics, with specificity effects found only for monosyllabic items. These findings suggest that encoding and retrieval of episodic information during spoken word processing may be modulated by lexical characteristics. Published on 2017-11-21 17:30:15
       
  • Revisiting acoustic correlates of pharyngealization in Jordanian and
           Moroccan Arabic: Implications for formal representations

    • Abstract: This exploratory study of Jordanian and Moroccan Arabic (JA and MA) aims to evaluate whether pharyngealization is associated with an epilaryngeal constriction which causes ‘retraction’ and tense voice quality in surrounding vowels, following the Laryngeal Articulator Model (LAM) (Esling, 2005). Twenty male speakers (10 per dialect) produced vowels preceded by /d or dˤ/. Thirteen acoustic correlates obtained at the onset and midpoint were used to assess this type of constriction. A predictive modeling approach was used; starting with Bayesian Generalized Linear Mixed Effects modeling followed by Conditional Random Forest for classification. Vowels in the pharyngealized context were more open (higher F1, Z1-Z0), more back (lower F2, higher Z3-Z2), more compact (lower Z2-Z1), and showed spectral divergence (higher Z3-Z2). Voice quality results showed these vowels to be produced with a tense voice. High classification rates of 93.5% for JA and 91.1% for MA were obtained and variable importance score showed formant-based measures outperform voice quality ones. This suggests pharyngealization has ‘retraction,’ with a back and down gesture, as a primary correlate followed by [+CONSTRICTED GLOTTIS]. The implications of these results provide strong support for LAM, the feature [+CET], and the use of the epilarynx to describe pharyngealization. Published on 2017-11-20 18:16:14
       
  • Duration, vowel quality, and the rhythmic pattern of English

    • Abstract: Languages with binary stress systems frequently tolerate a stress lapse over the final two syllables, but almost none tolerate a word-initial stress lapse. Lunden (to appear) argues that this lapse asymmetry can be explained by the presence of word-level final lengthening, which can then create the perception of prominence alternation in languages that use duration as stress correlate. The results of a production and a perception study with English speakers are presented which compare /ɑ/s that occur under stress lapse to /ɑ/s in non-stress-lapse positions. While word-final unstressed /ɑ/ is always longer than non-final unstressed /ɑ/, it is significantly longer when immediately following an unstressed syllable. Similarly, unstressed word-final /ɑ/ has a higher F1 and lower F2 than non-final unstressed /ɑ/, but word-finally this less-reduced vowel is closer to a full vowel when the final syllable is part of a stress lapse. The perception study finds that these differences have perceptual consequences that can lead to a perceived continued rhythm in stress lapse. The phonetic differences explain why a word-final unstressed vowel can be perceived as relatively strong when following an unstressed syllable but as relatively weak when following a stressed syllable. Published on 2017-11-13 15:35:26
       
  • Context-dependent articulation of consonant gemination in Estonian

    • Abstract: The three-way quantity system is a well-known phonological feature of Estonian. In a number of studies it has been shown that quantity is realized in a disyllabic foot by the stressed-to-unstressed syllable rhyme duration ratio and also by pitch movement as the secondary cue. The stressed syllable rhyme duration is achieved by combining the length of the vowel and the coda consonant, which enables minimal septets of CVCV-sequences based on segmental duration. In this study we analyze articulatory (EMA) recordings from four native Estonian speakers producing all possible quantity combinations of intervocalic bilabial stops in two vocalic contexts (/ɑ-i/ vs. /i-ɑ/). The analysis shows that kinematic characteristics (gesture duration, spatial extent, and peak velocity) are primarily affected by quantity on the segmental level: Phonologically longer segments are produced by longer and larger lip closing gestures and, in reverse, shorter and smaller lip opening movements. Tongue transition gesture is consistently lengthened and slowed down by increasing consonant quantity. In general, both kinematic characteristics and inter-gestural coordination are influenced by non-linear interactions between segmental quantity levels as well as vocalic context. Published on 2017-11-03 16:15:06
       
 
 
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