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Publisher: RMIT Publishing   (Total: 400 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 400 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Accounting, Accountability & Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACORN : The J. of Perioperative Nursing in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agenda: A J. of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 8)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AIMA Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
AJP : The Australian J. of Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 5)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anglican Historical Society J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 11)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Appita J.: J. of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 27)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arena J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Art Monthly Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Artlink     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.672, h-index: 51)
Asia Pacific J. of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aurora J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 8)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Drama Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 2)
Australasian Epidemiologist     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Historical Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian J. of Early Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 1)
Australasian J. of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 3)
Australasian J. of Human Security, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian J. of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian J. of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Law Management J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Leisure Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Parks and Leisure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Plant Conservation: J. of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Public Libraries and Information Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian and New Zealand Continence J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Bookseller & Publisher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Bulletin of Labour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Canegrower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, h-index: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 31)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 6)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.252, h-index: 24)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Holstein J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Australian Intl. Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian J. of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 3)
Australian J. of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.159, h-index: 7)
Australian J. of Advanced Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.225, h-index: 26)
Australian J. of Asian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian J. of Cancer Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.17, h-index: 3)
Australian J. of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.401, h-index: 18)
Australian J. of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 5)
Australian J. of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 7)
Australian J. of Language and Literacy, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 9)
Australian J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian J. of Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 4)
Australian J. of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.122, h-index: 5)
Australian J. of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J. of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian J. of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J. of Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.178, h-index: 20)
Australian J. of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 8)
Australian J. of Water Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.226, h-index: 9)
Australian J. on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J.ism Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Nursing J. : ANJ     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Orthoptic J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Tax Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Voice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bar News: The J. of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
BOCSAR NSW Alcohol Studies Bulletins     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bookseller + Publisher Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.31, h-index: 19)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brolga: An Australian J. about Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.143, h-index: 10)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Childrenz Issues: J. of the Children's Issues Centre     Full-text available via subscription  
Chiropractic J. of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 3)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The J. of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.567, h-index: 27)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Connect     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary PNG Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Context: J. of Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corporate Governance Law Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.737, h-index: 24)
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Dance Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
DANZ Quarterly: New Zealand Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Early Days: J. of the Royal Western Australian Historical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Early Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
EarthSong J.: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
East Asian Archives of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 7)
Educare News: The National Newspaper for All Non-government Schools     Full-text available via subscription  
Educating Young Children: Learning and Teaching in the Early Childhood Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Education in Rural Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Research and Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Educational Research J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Electronic J. of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Employment Relations Record     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 6)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Extempore     Full-text available via subscription  
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.259, h-index: 8)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Fijian Studies: A J. of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Health Professional Education : A Multi-disciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fourth World J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontline     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gambling Research: J. of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gay and Lesbian Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gender Impact Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gestalt J. of Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Government News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Great Circle: J. of the Australian Association for Maritime History, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Grief Matters : The Australian J. of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
He Puna Korero: J. of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion J. of Australia : Official J. of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 19)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Heritage Matters : The Magazine for New Zealanders Restoring, Preserving and Enjoying Our Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
High Court Quarterly Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
History of Economics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
HIV Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Hong Kong J. of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.173, h-index: 7)
Idiom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Impact     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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Instyle     Full-text available via subscription  
Intellectual Disability Australasia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intl. Employment Relations Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Breastfeeding Review
  [SJR: 0.31]   [H-I: 19]   [17 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0729-2759
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Volume 25 Issue 3 - Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding
           breastfeeding in postpartum mothers at a tertiary care institute during a
           public health awareness campaign
    • Abstract: Naik, Shilpa N; Verma, Akanksha; Dhumal, Gauri G
      Breastfeeding is important to both the mother and child. World Breastfeeding Week oh sewed as a public health campaign in India, has played an important role in increasing knowledge and awareness about breastfeeding.

      This study aimed to find out the existing knowledge, attitudes and practices of breastfeeding (KAP) among the postpartum mothers in our tertiary care institute and the impact of age, parity and mode of delivery, educational and socioeconomic status on KAP.

      A structured questionnaire was administered to 100 postpartum mothers in the age group 18-45 years during their institute stay after delivery, based on simple random sampling. The maximum correct KAP responses were obtained from those aged between 30-40 years (86.7%). Similarly, those who delivered vaginally had a higher (86.7%) KAP score compared to caesarean-delivered patients (60%).

      More than 60% of delivered women were aware of infant feeding options immediately after delivery. Overall, 65% women were aware of continuing breastfeeding despite of maternal or neonatal illness.

      This study revealed high scores for knowledge and practice-based questions as compared to the attitude-based questions, which needs to be addressed.

      Though this was a part of the World Breastfeeding Week celebration where breastfeeding awareness is focused on and widely communicated, it should be an ongoing activity to maintain the impact of this awareness program.

      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 16:47:08 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 3 - Breastfeeding a child with down syndrome through
           leukaemia
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Miller, Heather
      Breastfeeding is the normal way of feeding human infants and the World Health Organization recommends infants be breastfed exclusively to 6 months with ongoing breastfeeding to 2 years and beyond. Sometimes young children must be hospitalised and hospital staff or mothers may have concerns about whether ongoing breastfeeding is appropriate or possible in those difficult circumstances. This case study reports how one dyad maintained breastfeeding throughout the young child's hospitalisation and treatment for leukaemia and the apparent advantages to the child of their continuing breastfeeding relationship.

      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 16:47:08 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 3 - Multitasking breastfeeding mamas: Middle class women
           balancing their reproductive and productive lives in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
           
    • Abstract: Spagnoletti, Belinda RM; Bennett, Linda R; Kermode, Michelle; Wilopo, Siswanto A
      This qualitative study explored in depth the lived experiences of middle class women in Yogyakarta, Indonesia as they attempted to juggle their unpaid reproductive work with paid work in the formal sector or with university study. Our analysis reveals the challenges encountered by middle class women when they decide to exclusively breastfeed whilst also participating in work and tertiary study. We explicate the legal framework underpinning exclusive breastfeeding and maternity leave, and identify significant gaps between labour and exclusive breastfeeding legislation and the implementation of these laws in workplaces and universities. The tensions between the gendered expectations of women's contributions to reproductive and productive work are also exposed. Drawing on our findings, we assert the importance of social support and the collective nature of reproductive agency exercised by Indonesian women who seek to exclusively breastfeed while working or studying.

      PubDate: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 16:47:08 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 2 - 'He was teaching us': Responsive breastfeeding in a
           baby with laryngomalacia
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Bollella, Daniella
      Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in children. In most cases it is relatively benign, needs no medical intervention and resolves as the infant grows. This report of a case study records the experience of a family whose first child had laryngomalacia and how they learned from him to manage it.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 2 - Infant reflux - not as simple as we might think
    • Abstract: Anderson, Joy C
      Many Australian infants are being diagnosed as having 'reflux' based on symptoms alone, rather than on diagnostic tests. They are then prescribed medication. Research has clearly demonstrated that these medications are ineffective in infants and pose significant risks. Observation has suggested that there are many possible causes of irritability and vomiting in infants, including lactose overload, food sensitivity, tongue-tie and Eustachian-tube irritation, although there is little in the literature to guide practice. However, after medical issues have been ruled out, each of these might be considered, and appropriate referrals made, to assist parents and unsettled infants.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 2 - Italian women who did not intend to breastfeed: A
           descriptive study
    • Abstract: Mauri, Paola Agnese; Soldi, Marta; Cortinovis, Ivan; Bertora, Francesca; Contini, Norma Nilde Guerrini
      The aim of this study is to identify some characteristics of women who, before having delivered their babies, decide not to breastfeed. To date there are no Italian studies trying to understand characteristics and reasons of mothers who do not want to breastfeed.

      In Italy at the time of discharge from hospitals 2 - 3% of women have already made the decision to inhibit the onset of lactation. In this descriptive study women suppressed their milk supply with some medication straight after delivery as they did not wish to breastfeed. One hundred and ninety-two mothers from a hospital in Northern Italy, taking Cabergoline 1 mg by mouth after delivery, were studied with Multiple Correspondence Analysis and Cluster Analysis. Variables analysed were taken from clinical records and by interviewing each woman once.

      Five clusters were found: each group describes a different profile of women who intended not to breastfeed.

      This study revealed that variables linked to the choice of inhibiting the onset of lactation are complex. Each woman is unique and some factors, which have emerged from clusters, can help health professionals to target appropriate interventions, as it is very important to counsel mothers about the best way of feeding newborns.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 2 - Modes of breastfeeding mother support after hospital
           discharge
    • Abstract: Thorley, Virginia
      Breastfeeding is important for providing optimal infant nutrition and protection from many infectious and non-infectious conditions (Allen, Perrin, and Fogleman, 2013; Eidelman and Schanler, 2012). It is an ancient, but simple, public health measure for infants and young children, while also benefiting the mother, the family and the community. It is also important economically. This was demonstrated in a recent paper that examined the costs of not breastfeeding against the cost of providing support for breastfeeding (Holla, lellamo, Gupta, Dadhich, and Smith, 2013). Yet, few countries have achieved their national breastfeeding goals. The objectives of this commentary are to describe why mothers need support to continue breastfeeding and the kinds of support that exist.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - Bringing babies and breasts into workplaces: Support
           for breastfeeding mothers in workplaces and childcare services at the
           Australian National University
    • Abstract: Smith, Julie; Javanparast, Sara; Craig, Lyn
      In 1999, two leading Australian academics challenged Australian universities to lead moves to better manage employees' maternity and breastfeeding needs, and 'bring babies and breasts into workplaces'. This paper addresses the question of how universities cope with the need for women to breastfeed, by exploring barriers facing women who combine breastfeeding and paid work at the Australian National University (ANU). Data were collected through online surveys in 2013 using mixed method, case study design, nested within a larger national study. Participants were 64 working mothers of children aged 0-2 years from the ANU community of employees and users of on-campus child care. Responses highlighted the ad hoc nature of support for breastfeeding at ANU. Lack of organisational support for breastfeeding resulted in adverse consequences for some ANU staff. These included high work-related stresses and premature cessation of breastfeeding among women who had intended to breastfeed their infants in line with health recommendations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - Three experienced lactation consultants reflect upon
           the oral tie phenomenon
    • Abstract: Wattis, Lois; Kam, Renee; Douglas, Pamela
      I've dashed into a coffee shop and ordered my take-away flat white. While waiting I observe a group of three mothers sitting outdoors with prams carefully arranged not to obstruct the flow of customers, enjoying a coffee and chat with babes in arms.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - Cleft lip and palates and breastfeeding
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      Cleft palate and cleft lip and palate are relatively common birth anomalies which complicate infant feeding and may render at-the-breast feeding impossible. There is little experimental evidence to guide mothers who want to breastfeed babies with oral clefts, so expert opinion and adaptation to individual babies' needs comprise best practice. Mother/infant dyads will vary in their capacity to feed breastmilk and health professionals helping them must balance encouragement with a realistic understanding of what may be possible. This paper seeks to compare the parental experience of two Australian mothers with the published literature.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - Perspectives of key stakeholders and experts in infant
           feeding on the implementation of the Australian National Breastfeeding
           Strategy 2010-2015
    • Abstract: Hull, Naomi S; Schubert, Lisa C; Smith, Julie P
      Breastfeeding is widely accepted as an important public health issue for babies and their mothers. Yet, despite this, Australia continues to struggle with reaching global targets for breastfeeding indicators. In 2007, the Best Start Parliamentary Inquiry Report was released and set the stage for the Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy [2010-2015), which was announced in November 2009, with the vision to increase Australia's breastfeeding rates of infants at 6 months of age and beyond. The aim of this research project was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders in the field of infant feeding in Australia on the implementation of the strategy, barriers and enablers to its successful implementation and actions that were still needed. Using qualitative research methods of in-depth, semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis, this study identifies main themes of these perceptions about the strategy implementation and some recommendations for future strategies and further research. The main themes identified were initial opinions of the strategy as a blueprint for action, the strategy as a driver for action, lessons learned and recommendations for the future. For success in improving implementation of national breastfeeding strategies, it is recommended that Australia establish an independent breastfeeding/infant feeding committee, increase the political prioritisation of issues surrounding infant feeding and strengthen the regulation of the marketing of breastmilk substitutes.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - New Zealand women talk about breastfeeding support
           from male family members
    • Abstract: Alianmoghaddam, Narges; Phibbs, Suzanne; Benn, Cheryl
      Aim: Little research has been done to investigate the influence of male family members' support for breastfeeding. This article considers the influence of male partners and other male family members on the initiation and duration of exclusive breastfeeding.

      Methods: Thirty heterosexual New Zealand women who had identified in a short antenatal questionnaire that they intended to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months were recruited. The qualitative research included a face-to-face postpartum interview followed by monthly audio-recorded telephone interviews that stopped at 6 months. The participants' narratives were analysed using thematic analysis.

      Key findings: Five key themes related to breastfeeding support from male family members were identified: a) male partners did not have enough knowledge about breastfeeding, b) male partners wanted to share infant feeding, c) participants received emotional and practical support from their male partners, d) male partners supported breastfeeding in public, e) some women received crucial breastfeeding support from male family members who were not the father of the baby.

      Conclusion: Comments from participants suggest that some New Zealand men are actively involved in supporting breastfeeding in their nuclear and extended families. Several participants suggested that male support was as effective as support from female family members.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 25 Issue 1 - Breastfeeding policy: The foundation for improving
           Australia's health
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer; Binns, Colin
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 3 - Selection criteria for wet-nurses: Ancient
           recommendations that survived across time
    • Abstract: Thorley, Virginia; Sioda, Tomasz
      This article will describe the content of the key criteria for the selection of wet nurses that persisted across time and the authors who transmitted this advice. Where relevant, it will include variations, such as additional recommendations or a different weighting being given to one or other criterion by a particular author. The focus is on the selection of a wet nurse for the employer's baby. The factors that led a woman to enter this employment and the consequences for her own baby will not be addressed here as they will be discussed elsewhere.

      The article is an historical one, drawing on primary sources, where possible, and important secondary sources.

      Guidelines for the selection of wet-nurses have existed from antiquity to the early 20th century. The key recommendations managed to survive across the centuries because they were considered useful by influential ancient and Early Modern and later authors who passed them on through copying and translations. It is tempting to assume that the prescriptive advice was followed by physicians and mothers. However, the discussion will raise doubts about whether the criteria were adhered to by physicians and parents, particularly when wet nurses were in scarce supply.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 3 - A partnership between researchers and breastfeeding
           advocates to support safe alcohol consumption during breastfeeding
    • Abstract: Giglia, Roslyn
      In 2009 the first national and international guideline providing direction for breastfeeding women on drinking alcohol was included in the National Health and Medical Research Council Australian guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol. In the absence of an accompanying education campaign for the guidelines, the Australian Breastfeeding Association was able to fill this gap and work in partnership with a breastfeeding researcher to develop an education resource for Australian women that was also a national and international first. This commentary outlines the journey of the research that informed the development of the resource and the integral involvement of the Australian Breastfeeding Association throughout.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 3 - Tongue-tie in the newborn: Follow-up in the first 6
           months
    • Abstract: McGoldrick, Russell; Solari, Donna; Hogan, Monica; Corrigan, Irene; Cutting, Allison; Shadbolt, Bruce; Todd, David A
      Background: Over the last decade, a number of studies have demonstrated that early division of tongue-tie (TT) is associated with significant feeding benefits to both mother and baby. Notwithstanding, it remains a controversial procedure. We examined the breastfeeding outcomes of a cohort of babies at 1-2 weeks (follow-up 1) and 3-5 months (follow-up 2), post-TT division.

      Methods: We undertook a cohort study on all mother/baby dyads who had a TT divided at Canberra Hospital between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2014. We contacted the mothers of both follow-up groups by telephone, focusing on breastfeeding and maternal pain.

      Results: Follow-up 1 consisted of 116/182 (63.7%) of mothers in the study; contacted at 12.4+-7.8 days post-division. Of these, 107/116 (92.2%) were still breastfeeding, with 11/15 (73.3%) of the mothers who had ceased breastfeeding before division having re-established it at the time of follow-up (p < 0.00l). Additionally, 90/101 (89.1%) valid responses reported decreased nipple pain following TT division. Follow-up 2 consisted of 112/182 (61.5%) of all mothers in the study; contacted at 3.7+-1.8 months of age. Of these, 86/112 (76.8%) were still breastfeeding, with 11/15 (73.3%) of mothers who had ceased breastfeeding before division having re-established it at follow-up (p < 0.001). Conclusion: A divided TT was associated with benefits at both periods of follow-up. There was (i) an increase in overall breastfeeding rates and (ii) a decrease in maternal pain.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 3 - From royal wet nurses to facebook: The evolution of
           breastmilk sharing
    • Abstract: Baumgartel, Kelley L; Sneeringer, Larissa; Cohen, Susa M
      Wet-nursing was an essential practice that allowed for infant survival after many mothers died in childbirth. The story of wet-nursing is complicated by both religious pressures and cultural expectations of women. It is likely that these historical practices have shaped our current social, political and legislative environments regarding breastfeeding. The aim of this article is to provide a historical perspective on the practice of wet-nursing, with a focus on: 1) social views of wet nurses, 2) breastmilk evaluation and 3) the ideal wet nurse. Historical perspectives from Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and Rome, 19th and 20th century America and current practices are examined. An appreciation for the evolution of breastmilk sharing provides clinicians and lactation advocates with the historical origins which provided the template for current practice as it relates to donor milk, breastfeeding culture and relevant legislation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 3 - The roles of zinc in lactation
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Kam, Renee
      Zinc is a mineral which has many important functions in the body. Its role in human health has been appreciated only relatively recently and there is still research to be done to reveal the ways in which it functions. Zinc is important at the cellular level, in every organ and body system. It is said to play three major biological roles: catalytic, structural and regulatory.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Still LEAPing to wrong conclusions'
    • Abstract: Minchin, Maureen
      Media reports and research realities: For some time a spate of media reports has claimed - sometimes ahead of publication of the trial protocol and data - that 'early' introduction of foods other than breastmilk may prevent the development of allergy. In popular understanding, 'early' is under 6 months of age, or around 4 months, which - though set by the American Academy of Pediatrics only in 1980 - has assumed an unwarranted status as the 'traditional' age. 'Late' in popular understanding means at or after 6 months, as the World Health Organization recommends globally.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Low level laser therapy for breastfeeding problems
    • Abstract: Buck, Miranda L; Eckereder, Gabi; Amir, Lisa H
      Breast and nipple pain, nipple damage and mastitis are common reasons given by women for their early cessation of breastfeeding. There are a limited number of effective therapies available to support healing of damaged nipples during lactation. Low level laser therapy is a painless treatment, which appears to accelerate wound healing and ease pain. We present two case studies, which demonstrate the use of low level laser therapy in clinical practice.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Feelings of failure: Early weaning
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      ... it was horrible - a difficult, painful and agonizing process. ... Nothing I tried made it anything but torture. Finally, my son got a mouthful of blood, and I gave up. I felt like a failure. It added to my depression, made me question my ability to mother, and caused my infant to lose too much weight. (The American Dietetic Association's) position paper has no loopholes for us 'failures', no compassion for those of us too poor to rent an electric pump ... Could you please let us off the hook' (Saban, 2002, p. 24)

      I can't say what a devastating experience failing to breastfeed Bianca was for me. I was left feeling like I'd failed her as a mother, and even as a woman. I found it difficult to talk about, and was loath to bottle feed Bianca in public.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Engaging mothers: Breastfeeding experiences recounted
           (EMBER). A pilot study
    • Abstract: Prendergast, Ellen; James, Jennifer
      Background: There is an abundance of published literature that describes the short- and long-term effects of breastfeeding for both the infant and mother. Despite the majority of women having good intentions to breastfeed, challenges that they encounter place their breastfeeding journey in jeopardy. Improving breastfeeding rates and durations is a significant public health priority at a local, national and international level.

      Aim: This pilot study aimed to identify and describe participating women's breastfeeding experiences in order to better understand why some achieve their breastfeeding goals, despite experiencing challenge and others do not.

      Method: A qualitative methodology was chosen to allow these mothers to have their voices heard. Twenty Australian Breastfeeding Association trainee counsellors, who were undertaking the Certificate IV in Breastfeeding Education, gave permission for the examination and analysis of their de-identified reflections on their own breastfeeding experiences. Data was examined and thematically analysed into identified themes.

      Results: Participants' breastfeeding experiences were identified into six themes: 1. expectation of breastfeeding, 2. motivation to breastfeed, 3. support to maintain breastfeeding, 4. returning to work, 5. the experience of breastfeeding and 6. social attitude to public breastfeeding. The responses and experiences were varied, with each woman describing a particular event that had a significant impact on her breastfeeding journey.

      Conclusion: It is not completely understood why some mothers continue with their breastfeeding journey, whilst others discontinue earlier than they had planned. Women in this pilot study reported that support, acceptability of breastfeeding to their family and social circle, public breastfeeding, issues around infant sleep and maternal fatigue were all significant issues for them as they navigated breastfeeding for the first time.

      Findings from this pilot study will be used to inform the development of a larger study which will further explore women's decision making, as well as identify what supports are needed to improve women's experience of breastfeeding.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes and training
           amongst Australian community pharmacists
    • Abstract: Ryan, Morgan; Smith, Julie
      Introduction: Pharmacists are one of the most accessible and trusted professionals in the Australian health care system and can have a large impact in supporting and encouraging breastfeeding.

      Aim: This study aimed to research the knowledge, attitudes and training satisfaction of Australian pharmacists in the area of infant nutrition and breastfeeding.

      Design, setting and participants: The mixed method study involved quantitative data collection via an online survey and qualitative data collected via separate semi-structured interviews. All registered pharmacists in the Australian Capital Territory and surrounding regional areas were eligible. Participants were recruited via emailed information sheets and individual onsite recruitment.

      Key findings: Positive attitudes towards and a desire to support and advocate for breastfeeding by pharmacists were hampered by a lack of knowledge, confidence, training and education.

      Conclusions and future implications: Government or other non-profit organisations can enhance community-based support for breastfeeding, including developing new education and training programs for pharmacy students and pharmacists.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 2 - Breastfeeding mothers' experiences of bedsharing: A
           qualitative study
    • Abstract: Bailey, Cate
      Many cultures around the world routinely practise bedsharing by the mother-infant dyad. Bedsharing in these cultures is believed to ensure a safe and comfortable night's sleep for both mother and infant, as well as supporting breastfeeding. Nonetheless, this practice is at odds with dominant Western cultural ideals about child rearing and is recommended against by public health campaigns regarding SIDS. The current qualitative study aimed to explore the lived experiences of breastfeeding mothers who bed-shared with their infants in a Western cultural setting. In-depth interviews were conducted with six multiparous mothers and were analysed using a phenomenological framework. Seven themes were identified, including mothers' increased sleep quality and/or quantity, easier infant settling and a strong relationship with breastfeeding ease and duration. Given that many mothers bed-share, public policies need to be inclusive of this practice in order to lessen the likelihood of unsafe bedsharing practices.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 1 - The faces of breastfeeding support: Experiences of
           mothers seeking breastfeeding support online
    • Abstract: Bridges, Nicole
      The aim of this study was to advance understanding of the experiences of mothers using closed Facebook groups attached to the Australian Breastfeeding Association (ABA) and how these mothers find and share breastfeeding support and information using this forum.

      The study involved members of three closed Facebook groups that were chosen as interesting cases for study, based on the volume and nature of their posts. Members of these three groups then participated in online depth interviews and online semi-structured focus groups.

      The overarching theme identified was support, with four sub-themes that describe the nature of online breastfeeding support within the Facebook environment. These sub-themes are: community complementary, immediate and information. It was found that social networking sites (SNSs) provide support from the trusted community. It is immediate, it complements existing support or services that ABA provides and also provides practical and valuable information for its users.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 1 - Why bacteria are the basis of breastfeeding
    • Abstract: Lin, Steven
      The role of breastfeeding in a child's lifelong health has long been appreciated (Goldman, 1993). The nutritional, immunological and emotional benefits that breastfeeding provides make it the most intimate of maternal gifts. However, recent discoveries are revealing even deeper connections showing why breastfeeding is far more precious than we first thought.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 1 - Breastfeeding with cystic fibrosis
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Sappl, Pia G
      As more effective treatments for cystic fibrosis [CF) have become available, so the life expectancy of people with CF has extended and it is now common for women with CF to face the decision of whether to have children. For women with CF, pregnancy and motherhood present extra challenges. The daily routine of people with CF includes physiotherapy and medication regimens which Cystic Fibrosis Australia describe as 'lifelong, ongoing and relentless' [Cystic Fibrosis Australia, 2015, About cystic fibrosis, para 6). Women with CF need to maintain that routine through pregnancy and parenthood. At a time when most parents are able to rely on their own youth and health to allow them to focus on their child's needs [and find that hard enough), parents with CF need to continue to give high priority to their own health, to be able to be there for their child.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 24 Issue 1 - Infant-feeding practices and American Indian infants'
           gut microbiome: Rationale of the pilot study
    • Abstract: Zamora-Kapoor, Anna; Sinclair, Ka'imi
      This study aims to examine the relationship between infant-feeding practices and American Indian infants' gut microbiome - laying the foundation of a research program aimed at identifying potential aetiologies of childhood obesity in this population. Previous studies have emphasised the high prevalence of obesity in American Indian infants, but its underlying causes remain unclear. We received funding from the University of Washington to examine attitudes towards breastfeeding and formula feeding in American Indian mothers, their dietary and physical activity habits and the yield, quality and diversity of their infants' gut microbiome. Our study combines the strengths of qualitative and quantitative data with DNA sequencing. Results will be used to propose a larger study aimed at clarifying aetiologies of childhood obesity in this population and to identify prevention strategies. This protocol describes the theoretical basis of the study, rationale for the target population, study design, participant recruitment and data analysis plan.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 3 - Shaken but not broken: Supporting breastfeeding women
           after the 2011 Christchurch New Zealand earthquake
    • Abstract: Hargest-Slade, Anna Claire; Gribble, Karleen D
      The 2011 Christchurch New Zealand earthquake adversely affected large numbers of people and resulted in many mothers and infants evacuating the city. In the town of Timaru, an emergency day-stay breastfeeding service assisted evacuee women. The service was established after media messaging alerted mothers to the importance of breastfeeding and the location of breastfeeding assistance. The local hospital provided rooms for the breastfeeding support service, which delivered counselling to mothers experiencing breastfeeding challenges. The vulnerability of infants in emergencies demands that governments and aid organisations plan to support their wellbeing and access to safe food and liquid. Plans should be developed in accordance with the Emergency Nutrition Network's Operational guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies and include breastfed and formula-fed infants. Many countries have existing health resources and personnel with the expertise to support infant feeding in emergencies. However, only comprehensive pre-emergency planning can ensure that infants are protected.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 3 - Development of oral tolerance to allergens via
           breastmilk
    • Abstract: Tawia, Susan
      Immune responses induced in early life to environmental and dietary antigens will be decisive for children and their adult response to these antigens, and they will condition development of immune-mediated diseases such as allergies and autoimmunity. Maternal influence on neonatal tolerance induction through breast-feeding is probably of great importance because of dietary and environmental antigen transfer through breast milk and the pleiotropic effects of breast-feeding on gut and immune system maturation. In addition, maternal history and maternal sensitization to common environmental and food antigens will probably affect antigen transfer to the breastfed child along with tolerance induction.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 3 - PCOS, breast hypoplasia and low milk supply: A case
           study
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Rowan, Marnie K
      Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and breast hypoplasia are associated with low milk production. This case study reports the experience of a woman with both conditions.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 3 - Challenges in the treatment of lactational mastitis
           for general practitioners
    • Abstract: Topic, Zeljka; Amir, Lisa H; Zakarija-Grkovic, Irena
      Objectives: To determine how GPs manage breastfeeding women with mastitis and how confident they are in treating women with breast conditions that occur during lactation.

      Design, participants and setting: A cross-sectional survey conducted among all Croatian GPs.

      Key findings: Sixty-four per cent of the total number of respondents (171/268) had seen a patient with lactational mastitis (LM) in the previous 12 months. Among respondents who recommended medication for the treatment of LM, 93% prescribed an antibiotic (122/131). Fifteen per cent of respondents who gave advice on infant feeding advised alternative feeding methods. Approximately half (47%) felt completely confident when treating LM while more than half (57%) felt partially confident when treating other breast conditions that can occur during lactation.

      Conclusion: The management of LM among Croatian GPs is not in full compliance with current recommendations.

      Future implications: There is a need for further training of Croatian GPs in the management of mastitis.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 3 - Women's experiences of learning to breastfeed
    • Abstract: Sheeran, Leanne; Buchanan, Kerrie; Welch, Anthony; Jones, Linda K
      Aim: This research explores women's experiences of learning to breastfeed.

      Design: A purposive cohort of healthy mothers participated in individual audio recorded interviews late pregnancy and then 2 and 8 weeks after birth. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using van Manen's approach.

      Setting and participants: Participants were 13 first time mothers based in a rural municipality in Victoria, Australia.

      Key findings: Women's voices gave rich descriptions of their experience of learning to breastfeed. Women shared the physicality of having 'great big engorged breasts' or 'sore nipples', and 'learning to latch' while 'having so very many things happening'.

      Conclusion: Many participants felt overwhelmed with learning to breastfeed at the same time as coping with caesarean wounds, perineal trauma, uterine bleeding and extreme fatigue.

      Future implications: Parenting education needs to be offered early in pregnancy so couples can explore birthing and its potential outcomes and to introduce infant cues and behaviours as a base for understanding how these impact on breastfeeding and problem solving.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Research summaries
    • Abstract: Robertson, Colleen
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Letter to editor
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Vitamin D and breastfeeding: An update
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      Over the past two decades or so, vitamin D has become a matter of renewed interest to nutritionists and researchers around the world. The observation of a number of cases of rickets in developed countries was one element in this upsurge of interest. Another was the discovery of vitamin D receptors in numerous tissues throughout the human body, which suggests that vitamin D might be involved in many body systems, in addition to its accepted role in bone metabolism. Some preliminary studies have found correlations between vitamin D deficiency and non-bone, chronic diseases, but more research is needed to confirm or refute the initial findings. Possible associations between maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, infant vitamin D deficiency and long-term health have particular importance to clinicians in the area of perinatal health. Adequate calcium intake and absorption is vital to infants and children during bone growth. A healthy serum level of vitamin D is part of that process.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Antenatal information sources for maternal and infant
           diet
    • Abstract: Newby, Ruth; Brodribb, Wendy; Ware, Robert S; Davies, Peter SW
      This report describes information sources accessed by pregnant women around antenatal and early infant diet. Australian women in their first pregnancy (n=277) responded to questionnaires online and on paper between June 2010 and March 2011 as part of the Feeding Queensland Babies Study. Antenatal information sources are reported for maternal diet, breastfeeding and formula-feeding.

      Pregnant women sought and encountered information for their own and their infants' diet from many sources. Health care professionals provided antenatal dietary information for 80% of respondents and infant feeding advice for 69%. Relatives or friends were the respondents' largest reported information source for infant feeding, reported by 78%. Information on artificial baby milk was accessed on television by 77% and on the internet by 52% of respondents. Health care professionals should proactively support clients' informational needs and address encountered nutrition misinformation. Further research is necessary to establish the nature and accuracy of dietary information in the mass media.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 2 - Weighing in on obesity and breastfeeding: Factors
           possibly related to lower breastfeeding rates in women with higher BMIs
    • Abstract: Kendall-Tackett, Kathleen
      Obesity has become a major public health concern in many industrialised countries. This concern is frequently accompanied by initiatives and much public hand wringing, designed to address the 'obesity epidemic.' When I hear of these initiatives, I am of two minds. First, I applaud efforts to curb some of our dietary excesses, including our love affair with food that is just not good for us. When we combine our dietary excesses with a lack of exercise and high levels of stress, we have the makings of a public health disaster. For these reasons, I strongly support the goals of improving our diet and encouraging people to exercise.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - The new paradigm for depression in new mothers:
           Current findings on maternal depression, breastfeeding and resiliency
           across the lifespan
    • Abstract: Kendall-Tackett, Kathleen
      Over the past three decades, researchers in the field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) have found that depression is caused by high levels of inflammatory molecules, known as proinflammatory cytokines, in the plasma. Maes and Smith first documented this in postnatal women in 1998, noting that new mothers who had the postpartum blues had higher levels of these inflammatory cytokines than mothers who did not (Maes and Smith, 1998). They concluded that the postpartum blues were caused by an activated inflammatory response system (IRS). In a later paper, Maes and colleagues noted that 'it is generally accepted that in the early puerperium, there is an increased inflammatory responsivity in the serum suggesting an activation of the inflammatory response system' (Maes, Bosmans, and Ombelet, 2004, p. 71).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Tongue-tie in the newborn: Early diagnosis and
           division prevents poor breastfeeding outcomes
    • Abstract: Todd, David A; Hogan, Monica J
      Background: In 2011, the Centenary Hospital Neonatal Department guidelines were modified and recommended delaying the division of infant tongue-tie (TT) until after 7 days of life. This paper looks at the effect of these guidelines in practice by comparing patient characteristics and breastfeeding practices before and after the change.

      Methods: We used prospective data from mothers and babies who had TT division to compare breastfeeding practices in 2008 and 2011. Data included: gestational age (GA), birth-weight (BWt), gender, age at TT division, degrees of TT and maternal feeding pre/post TT division.

      Results: There were no significant differences between the 2 years in the rate of TT division, 115/2471 (4.7%) vs 144/2891 (5.0%) (TT divided/birth number) or GA 39.6+/-1.2 vs 39.5+/-1.2 (weeks); BWt 3.48+/-0.45 vs 3.52+/-0.50 (kg); and Male:Female 77:38 (2.0: 1.0) vs 91:53 (1.7:1.0). There was, however, an increase in the age the TT was divided 6.5+/-4.5 vs 9.7+/-6.2 (days) p90%) of mothers noted an immediate improvement in feeding and decreased nipple pain. No significant complications occurred.

      Conclusion: The rate of TT division did not change after the implementation of new guidelines post 2011. However, there has been a significant increase in the age at TT division and the number of mothers unable to breastfeed, primarily due to nipple pain and poor attachment. If feeding is problematic, the TT should be divided as early as possible to reduce breastfeeding cessation and improve breastfeeding satisfaction.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Case study: White spot and lecithin
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      'White spot' is also known as nipple bleb or milk blister and is a breastfeeding problem that can be associated with severe nipple pain. There are many suggested management techniques for white spot and very little relevant research. Even the nature of the white spot has been unclear. Many women describe white spot as skin covering the opening of a duct at the nipple surface which must be pierced by a needle, but others have described expressing to clear it and finding a semi-solid string of milk emerging from the duct.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Harnessing breastmilk composition to improve a preterm
           infant's growth rate - a case study
    • Abstract: Galloway, Christina; Howells, Janet
      The increasing survival of preterm infants brings difficulties in achieving the best growth rates for them while in neonatal intensive care units (NICU5). This paper describes an innovative approach of using breastmilk to maximise a preterm infant's growth rate. Using a novel feeding plan, an improved rate of growth was achieved in a preterm infant despite fluid restriction. The feeding plan involved alternating stored preterm milk, which is known to be high in protein, with fresh hindmilk, milk collected at the end of an expression, which is higher in fat. A subsequent review of the literature found that this approach had not been described elsewhere. Counselling, education and support to mothers that enables the harnessing of breastmilk composition, or lactoengineering, could improve growth rates in preterm infants.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 23 Issue 1 - Research summaries
    • Abstract: Robertson, Colleen
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Infant feeding practices among Sudanese women now
           living in regional south east Queensland, Australia
    • Abstract: Tyler, Lee; Kirby, Rosemarie; Rogers, Cath
      The purpose of this research was to highlight and compare immigrant Sudanese women's infant feeding choices and patterns before and after moving to a regional city in Queensland, Australia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 Sudanese mothers who had birthed and breastfed babies both in Africa and Toowoomba. This qualitative research project supported previous research indicating a trend for immigrant women's breastfeeding duration to decline when they moved to another country. The outcomes of this research suggest that the reasons for this decline are complex. The authors conclude that a lack of social support, language difficulties and wanting to fit in with particular Western practices are contributing factors.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Reframing what we tell parents about normal infant
           sleep and how we support them
    • Abstract: Ball, Helen L
      Sleep is an issue with which parents of new babies often struggle, particularly when contemporary lifestyles, parental sleep needs and infant biology conflict (Meltzer & Montgomery-Downs, 2011). Recent historical trends in Western infant care have led to misperceptions of normal infant sleep development. When we enquire whether a young baby 'sleeps through the night' this reinforces the idea that prolonged infant sleep is important and should be achieved early. It also does not recognise the role of night feeding in successful breastfeeding as breastfed babies wake more frequently during the night than non-breastfed babies (Galbally, Lewis, McEgan, Scalzo, and Islam 2013). Consequently, what we tell parents about normal infant sleep, and how we provide support, requires reframing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Failure to launch
    • Abstract: Hazelbaker, Alison
      In the early 1990s, a disturbing trend took hold in the United States that has changed the course of childbirth yet again, but not for the better. The use of epidural analgesia has increased rapidly, with the vast majority of women choosing to use it during their births. In my community, nearly 95% of women are medicated in this way; the national average is 75%, as it is in Canada.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Existential vulnerability can be evoked by severe
           difficulties with initial breastfeeding: A lifeworld hermeneutical single
           case study for research on complex breastfeeding phenomena
    • Abstract: Palmer, Lina; Carlsson, Gunilla; Brunt, David; Nystrom, Maria
      Many mothers initiate breastfeeding, but some of these experience difficulties. This study has two aims in order to contribute to the development of optimal care for these mothers: firstly to explain and understand the existential meanings of one mother's severe initial breastfeeding difficulties and how these meanings affected her continued breastfeeding and secondly, to reflect on a method for applying lifeworld hermeneutics to research on complex breastfeeding phenomena. This is an approach that acknowledges and focuses on the concrete and lived existence and what it means for humans. Within this approach, humans are understood as whole human beings interacting in the world. The study was conducted using lifeworld interviews with Anna, focusing on meanings of her difficult lived experience of initial breastfeeding. The existential interpretation suggests that such an experience can evoke existential vulnerability, a vulnerability that becomes evident in shameful feelings, such as dislike of breastfeeding, aversion to the milk-producing body and anger towards the child. Anna continued breastfeeding as a way to rid herself of the shame, hoping to be confirmed as a good mother. Such an experience may have negative consequences for the mother-child relationship and it can create fear for future breastfeeding. This study concludes that carers should be aware of individual existential dimensions for breastfeeding mothers.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Probiotics are the new black
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth; Tawia, Susan
      Over recent years medical and scientific literature has exploded with research on the gut microbiome and its possible role in human health and disease. Everything from heart disease to preterm birth, obesity to depression is potentially linked to interactions between a person and his or her occupying population of microorganisms.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - The discontented little baby book [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Jeffcoat, Helen
      Review(s) of: The discontented little baby book, by Dr Pamela Douglas, University of Queensland, Press, 2014, RRP $23.95, ISBN 978 0 7022 5322 5.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - Research summaries
    • Abstract: Robertson, Colleen
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 3 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Tongue-tie in the newborn: What, when, who and
           how': Exploring tongue-tie division
    • Abstract: Todd, David A
      The division of tongue-tie (TT) in babies with feeding problems has become a more accepted procedure in recent years (Rowley and Arul 2013). Although case series reports had described the benefits of division in problematic breastfeeding (Ballard, Auer and Khoury et al 2002; Notestine 1990), it was not until randomised controlled trials (RCTs) provided significant evidence of improvement that the procedure became more accepted (Berry, Griffiths and Westcott 2012; Buryk, Bloom and Shope 2011; Dollberg et al 2006; Emond et al 2014; Hogan, Westcott and Griffiths 2005). However there are still several areas of debate. These include: 1) what type of TT produces problems with feeding and thus what type of TT should be divided, 2) who should have the procedure, 3) when should the TT division be performed and 4) how should the TT be divided. In this review I will discuss these areas of debate and shed some light on this very common but often devastating congenital condition.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Does intimate partner violence impact on women's
           initiation and duration of breastfeeding'
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer P; Taft, Angela; Amir, Lisa H; Agius, Paul
      Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is prevalent among recent mothers and negatively impacts their physical and emotional health. Furthermore, the negative influence of IPV on parenting capacity and children's development is well described. However, it is unclear whether there is any relationship between IPV and method of infant feeding. Little is known about how women who are subjected to IPV make decisions about infant feeding or whether living in this context impacts on their experience of breastfeeding. With what is known about the importance of breastfeeding, particularly for vulnerable populations, research is essential to inform clinical practice and to develop appropriate community support strategies.

      Methods: This paper describes an analysis of data from a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial: Improving maternal and child health nurse care for vulnerable mothers (MOVE). The MOVE trial was conducted in the north-western suburbs of Melbourne, Australia from April 2010 - April 2011 and involved 80 maternal and child health centres, 160 nurses and 2621 women who completed a survey. Intimate partner violence was measured using the Composite Abuse Scale.

      Results: Ninety-six per cent (n=2111) of participating women initiated breastfeeding, with 80% (n=1776) and 74% (n=1537) indicating 'any' breastfeeding at 3 and 6 months respectively. Respondents tended to be older, well-educated with a household income >$70,000 per annum compared to the general population. The characteristics of women from the IPV and non-IPV groups were similar and together were comparable to all women who gave birth in north-west Melbourne. The reported prevalence of IPV in this survey was 6.3% (n-138), which maybe an underestimate. Breastfeeding rates did not significantly differ between IPV and non-IPV groups.

      Conclusions: Our findings suggest that women who experience IPV are just as likely to breastfeed as the broader population of women. While this analysis provides a snapshot of breastfeeding rates for this group of women, it does not capture women's experience of IPV as it relates to feeding a baby. In order to better identify infant feeding in the context of IPV, qualitative research is also necessary to investigate in a way that fully engages victims/survivors, giving them the opportunity to give voice to their experiences.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Becoming mum [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Valentine-Berrett, Alyce
      Review(s) of: Becoming mum, by Dr Koa Whittingham, Pivotal Publishing, Brisbane, 2013, RRP $35.99, ISBN 978-0-9922726-0-9.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Research summaries
    • Abstract: Robertson, Colleen
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Australian breastfeeding association 50 years
           1964-2014
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Observable essential fatty acid deficiency markers and
           Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Abstract: Austin, David W; Busija, Lucy; Brown, Christine M
      Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been associated with essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiencies, with some researchers theorising that dysregulation of phospholipid metabolism may form part of the biological basis for ASD. This pilot study compared observable signs of fatty acid status of 19 children with an ASD diagnosis to 23 of their typically developing siblings. A pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding history was also obtained from their parents, which included a measure of infant intake of fatty acid rich colostrum immediately post-partum. When considered within their family group, those infants not breastfed (with colostrum) within the first hour of life and who had a history of fatty acid deficiency symptoms were more likely to have an ASD diagnosis. Other variables such as formula use, duration of breastfeeding, gestational age and Apgar scores were not associated with group membership. The results of this study are consistent with previous research showing a relationship between fatty acid metabolism, breastfeeding and ASD such that early infant feeding practices and the influence this has on the fatty acid metabolism of the child maybe a risk factor for ASD.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 2 - Milk supply related to childhood leukaemia treatment
    • Abstract: Hall, Gillian; McGuire, Elizabeth
      This literature review and case study answers the question: 'Do the late effects of childhood cranial radiation therapy include impacts on breastfeeding'' PubMed was searched for papers using the terms lactation and cranial radiotherapy or childhood cranial radiotherapy. The case study was written from one authors experience of helping a mother with a history of childhood cranial radiation therapy. The few available studies report a high rate of lactation failure in women who were treated with cranial radiation therapy for childhood cancer, but the exceptions indicate that lactation failure is not inevitable in this group of mothers. Breastfeeding may ameliorate some of the adverse effects of cranial radiation therapy. Health professionals caring for mothers with a history of cranial radiation therapy must balance encouraging women to breastfeed with preparing them for the possibility that they may be unable to do so.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Heal the mother, heal the baby: Epigenetics,
           breastfeeding and the human microbiome
    • Abstract: Tow, Jennifer
      Epigenetics is undoubtedly the fastest-growing area of scientific research, shedding new light on virtually every applicable field of inquiry. In 2011, a Google search for the keywords 'epigenetic and PubMed' revealed 440,000 matches, while the same search in February 2014 reveals 2,960,000 matches. Within the fields of anthropology, medicine, mental health, sociology, nutrition and others, an explosion in research and insight is forcing us to relinquish long-held beliefs about ourselves as individuals and about the human species.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - 'A better alternative': Why women use peer-to-peer
           shared milk
    • Abstract: Gribble, Karleen D
      The process by which women came to use internet-facilitated peer-to-peer shared milk was explored via a written questionnaire administered to 41 peer milk recipients from five countries. Respondents were universally unable to provide some or all of the milk their infants required. Twenty-nine dyads had a medical condition that could have affected their ability to breastfeed. Many respondents had had great difficulty in finding health workers who could assist them with their breastfeeding challenges. Before obtaining peer-shared milk, respondents had tried to increase their own milk supply, used infant formula or sought donor milk from personal contacts. Health workers dealing with breastfeeding women require greater training in the recognition and treatment of conditions that adversely affect breastfeeding including a physiological incapacity to fully breastfeed. Peer-to-peer milk recipients appear to be very satisfied with the solution milk sharing provides to their problem of being unable to fully breastfeed their infants.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Assumptions and advice: Mothers and Queensland
           well-baby clinics. A review
    • Abstract: Thorley, Virginia
      In 20th century Australia, free well-baby clinics were run by maternal and child health nurses, although the funding and organisational structure varied from state to state. It was assumed that women who attended followed the advice assiduously; yet attendance did not necessarily equate to practice. In Queensland, the state government's free Maternal and Child Welfare Service (MCW) advised mothers on infant feeding and care through well-baby clinics throughout the state, a correspondence section for mothers in remote areas and a railcar clinic to some western towns, under the state government's policy of covering every mother and baby in Queensland. Women in Queensland, as in other states, were exposed to other influences on how to feed babies and often exercised agency in making their own decisions according to their circumstances and their own judgment. This review will place research from Queensland on women's reasons for attending the clinics and adherence to the advice provided, during the period 1920-1965, within a wider context. This includes research on barriers to following advice, counselling versus imparting information and the mother's self-efficacy. The message for today is that adherence to advice still cannot be assumed and mothers' own circumstances need to be factored in.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Research summaries
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Exclusively pumping breast milk [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Jeffcoat, Helen
      Review(s) of: Exclusively pumping breast milk, by Stephanie Casemore, Gray Lion Publishing, Napanee (Canada), 2014, 2nd edition, RRP $19.95, ISBN 978 0 9736142 2 0.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 22 Issue 1 - Early weight loss and weight gain in healthy,
           full-term, exclusively-breastfed infants
    • Abstract: Tawia, Susan; McGuire, Liz
      All infants lose weight after they are born, no matter what or how they are fed. However, there are conflicting opinions about what constitutes a normal newborn weight loss, especially in exclusively-breastfed infants, and about when interventions, such as supplemental feedings, should be considered. This review will: - resent evidence for the amount and timing of initial weight loss and timing of birth weight recovery. - plain the normal physiology of the newborn infant in the early days of life. - termine whether intrapartum intravenous (IV) fluids cause excessive weight loss in some newborn infants. - esent information which should allow health professionals to make an informed assessment of what is contributing to an individual newborn infant's weight loss.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Breastfeeding, brain structure and function, cognitive
           development and educational attainment
    • Abstract: Tawia, Susan
      There is considerable evidence that consistently shows that artificially-fed infants have lower intelligent quotients (IQ) than breastfed infants. IQ is a measure of cognitive ability or intelligence. Cognitive development refers to growth in a range of thinking and learning skills including language, attention, planning, problem solving and memory. Breastfeeding optimises brain development and consequently optimises cognitive development and intelligence. This paper reviews the most recent evidence for an effect of breastfeeding on cognitive development, but goes beyond IQ, beyond just a number, and looks at just what kind of brain development happens when infants are breastfed and what developmental, educational and social consequences occur when infants are artificially fed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Breastfeeding and high maternal body mass index
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      Weight stigma and discrimination are unfortunately a fairly routine part of experience for many larger people in Western society. As well as suffering unfair negative attitudes socially, they have increased health risks for numerous conditions and now evidence has accumulated that maternal weight affects breastfeeding. In particular, women with a high body mass index (BMI) have lower breastfeeding rates than women with a BMI within the normal range. If a physiological or pathological mechanism underlies this observation, it would be expected that the effect would be seen across demographics, whereas, if social or cultural mechanisms are the root cause, it is likely to differ between countries or social subgroups. Women with high BMI have been shown to differ from others in their prolactin response to suckling during lactation, implying a physiological explanation. However, not all studies have found breastfeeding rates differ by BMI, suggesting that physiology does not have a decisive role. If that is the case, health professionals supporting pregnant and post-partum women may be able to influence breastfeeding outcomes for larger women and their infants. Throughout this paper I have used quotes from case histories from two women, one with a BMI of >35 and one with a BMI of 48, pm-pregnancy. Both women have postgraduate qualifications and both breastfed without using any breastmilk substitutes and continued to breastfeed beyond 2 years.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Milk sharing: How it undermines breastfeeding
    • Abstract: Jones, Frances
      Milk sharing is not a new idea. The provision of human milk for a child not biologically related to the mother is probably as old as the human race. Current practices around the sharing of milk present dilemmas for both mothers and health care providers. For mothers, is it safe to use another's milk' For health care providers, how to answer questions about milk sharing' This article discusses these issues and poses other issues for both health care providers and mothers to consider Why is there such a perceived need for stranger-to-stranger milk sharing and does the proliferation of stranger-to- stranger milk sharing websites decrease the availability of pasteurised donor milk for vulnerable preterm infants' Since the majority of mothers should be able to breastfeed their own babies, why is there such a demand for informal milk sharing and how did we get to this point' In order to understand where we are, it is important to be aware ofthe history of infant feeding and milk sharing and how we reached the current situation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Rusty pipe syndrome: Counselling a key intervention
    • Abstract: Faridi, MMA; Dewan, Pooja; Batra, Prerna
      Presence of blood in the breastmilk renders a rusty or brownish colourto it; this entity is known as 'rustypipe syndrome'. Although this is a self-limiting condition, it can be particularly intimidating for mothers and may act as a psychological barrier to successful breastfeeding. We describe this entity in two mothers who had spontaneous blood-stained breastmilk from both breasts in the early post-partum period and were worried about feeding their infants. Subsequent to proper counselling with the use of skills like active listening, accepting their concerns, building confidence by providing relevant information in simple language and by giving suggestions and avoiding commands, both mothers were able to successfully breastfeed their offspring.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Female Public Jordanian University undergraduate
           students' intentions and attitudes toward breastfeeding: Application of
           self-objectification theory
    • Abstract: Al-Ali, Nahla; Hatamleh, Reem; Khader, Yousef
      Background: Breastfeeding is the natural way of feeding infants and an important public health issue. Representation of women as sexual objects by highlighting their bodies as mainly for the desire of men causes women to prioritise their physical appearance and internalise sexual objectification of their bodies. Such ideologies make women less comfortable to accept other functions of their bodies such as the reproductive functions, including breastfeeding and childbirth. Objectives: To describe, in a sample of female undergraduate students, attitudes toward breastfeeding level of self- objectification and to examine whether women's attitudes and the intention of breastfeeding is related to the level of self-objectification. Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional design was used. All female undergraduate university students, attending a large university in the Northern part of Jordan were eligible to participate. A convenience sample of 600 female students from both health professional and non-health professional schools were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire designed to collect data on students' intentions and attitudes toward breastfeeding and self-objectification, with a response rate of 82.6% (n=496J. Ethical approval was obtained from the Scientific Research Board of the Jordan University of Science and Technology prior to the start of the study. Results: The majority of the students gave favourable responses towards the attitude statements and reported a commitment to breastfeeding. Students' attitudes toward breastfeeding correlated significantly with self-objectification. Participants with negative attitudes towards breastfeeding were more likely to internalise and accept the socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance (r=-0.098, p=0.029). Participants' intention to breastfeed correlated negatively with self- objectification and those who intended to breastfeed were more likely to reject the socio-cultural attitudes towards the 'appearance' subscale (r=0.097, p=0.031). Conclusion: The results ofthis study support the relationship between self-objectification and Jordanian youngwomen's attitudes and intention to breastfeed and reinforce that in a culture where breastfeeding is encouraged, accepted and widely practised, positive attitudes to breastfeeding intention prevail.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - The newborn baby manual [Book Review]
    • Abstract: ABA Book Review Working Group
      Review(s) of: The newborn baby manual, by Renee Kam, Jane Curry Publishing 2013, RRP $29.95, ISBN 9781922190369 pbk, 240 p.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Research summaries
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - Breastfeeding experiences of Aboriginal and Torres
           Strait Islander mothers in an urban setting in Brisbane
    • Abstract: Foley, Wendy; Schubert, Lisa; Denaro, Tara
      Study aim: This study examined urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers' breastfeeding experiences to inform support for mothers and their families. Study design: The research took a strengths approach, using qualitative methodology Twenty semi-structured in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted and analysed thematically. Setting and participants: Indigenous mothers of infants 3 to 12 months were recruited through a Brisbane Indigenous health service. Key findings: All mothers recounted considerable physical and emotional energy invested in breastfeeding. Although early introduction of formula made sense for some mothers under stressful circumstances, timely pro-breastfeeding support from family and health professionals facilitated continued breastfeeding. Professional and social/family contacts play key roles in steering infant feeding outcomes. Conclusions: Mothers' experiences strongly influence infant feeding strategies. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community strengths are underutilised in supporting breastfeeding mothers. Future implications: Indigenous mothers, family and community strengths present points for engagement in future breastfeeding promotion and support initiatives.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 3 - 'Breastfeeding feels so delicate' How mothers of
           breastfed preschool children experience being treated by preschool
           teachers
    • Abstract: Olanders, Marit
      More than 90% of all children 2-6 years of age attend preschool in Sweden. The aim of this study is to increase our understanding of how mothers who breastfeed preschool children experience being treated by preschool staff. Design: Semi-structured interviews with qualitative content analysis. Setting: Requests for participation in the study were published on breastfeeding or parent-related internet forums. Participants: Ten mothers who had breastfed while their children had attended preschool were interviewed. Key findings: All mothers felt breastfeeding beyond infancy made them 'different', which made them feel vulnerable. Breastfeeding was often met with silence from preschool staff, which the mothers feared to be a sign of dislike. Breastfeeding could also be suspected to cause problems. Conclusions: It is important that preschool teachers are aware that some preschool children continue to breastfeed and that they are prepared to interact with families appropriately. Future implications: More research about different aspects of breastfeeding beyond infancy is clearly needed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Meet our head office teams
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - News and views
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Research summaries
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Childhood obesity and being breastfed
    • Abstract: Tawia, Susan
      Over the last 30 years there have been dramatic changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children in developed countries. In Australia, between 1985 and 1996, the percentage of obese boys increased from 1% to 5.4% and the percentage of obese girls increased from 0.8% to 5.9%. Over the same period, the prevalence of overweight plus obesity increased from 10.2% to 21.6% for boys and 11.6% to 24.8% for girls. Interestingly, the prevalence of obesity and overweight plus obesity in boys and girls did not continue to increase between 1996 and 2008 (Olds et al 2010). At the time, there was great concern that if overweight and obesity rates continued to increase, at the rates seen between 1985 and 1996, huge numbers of children and adults would be overweight or obese by the 2050s.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Maternal and infant sleep postpartum
    • Abstract: McGuire, Elizabeth
      There is no doubt that tiredness can be a major stress for new parents. Typically women's sleep is disrupted in late pregnancy (Signal etal 2007), labour predominantly happens at night (Olcese et al 2013) and infant needs disrupt parental sleep in the postpartum period (Signal et al 2007). In adults generally, lack of sleep or fragmented sleep is associated with daytime sleepiness, poor cognitive function and low mood. Around 25-30% of parents of infants (
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Breastfeeding information in pharmacology textbooks: A
           content analysis
    • Abstract: Amir, Lisa H; Raval, Manjri; Hussainy, Safeera Y
      Women often need to take medicines while breastfeeding and pharmacists need to provide accurate information in order to avoid undue caution about the compatibility of medicines and breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to review information provided about breastfeeding in commonly used pharmacology textbooks. We asked 15 Australian universities teaching pharmacy courses to provide a list of recommended pharmacology textbooks in 2011. Ten universities responded, generating a list of 11 textbooks that we analysed for content relating to breastfeeding. Pharmacology textbooks outline the mechanisms of actions of medicines and their use: however, only a small emphasis is placed on the safety/compatibility of medicines for women during breastfeeding. Current pharmacology textbooks recommended by Australian universities have significant gaps in their coverage of medicine use in breastfeeding.
      Authors of textbooks should address this gap, so academic staff can recommend texts with the best lactation content.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Breastfeeding mothers returning to work: experiences
           of women at one university in Victoria, Australia
    • Abstract: Gilmour, Carole; Monk, Hilary; Hall, Helen
      Working women need to juggle work, child care and family to continue to breastfeed. This qualitative study's aim was to explore women's experiences of returning to work following the birth of their baby. Focus groups were held with women within one multi-campus university, who had commenced breastfeeding at birth and had returned to work or study within 12 months. In addition, educators working with babies in childcare centres on two of the campuses were interviewed. Thematic analysis was employed used Rogoff's (2003) three planes of analysis, the individual, the interpersonal and the cultural-institutional. Three themes, proximity, flexibility, and communication, were identified relating to the factors impacting on women and their choices to breastfeed or wean on returning to work. From a socio-cultural perspective these themes can be understood as situated within the interrelated contexts of workplace, child care and family. Limitations of the study include the small number of participants and recruitment from one university.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - The impact of the Baby Friendly Health Initiative in
           the Australian health care system: A critical narrative review of the
           evidence
    • Abstract: Atchan, Marjorie; Davis, Deborah; Foureur, Maralyn
      Studies have identified that the practices of maternity facilities and health professionals are crucial to women's experience of support and breastfeeding 'success'. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched globally in 1991 to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. While a direct causal effect has not been established and critics suggest the rhetoric conflicts with women's lived experiences as new mothers, a positive association between the Initiative and breastfeeding prevalence is apparent. Internationally, impact studies have demonstrated that where the Initiative is well integrated, there is an increase in rates of breastfeeding initiation and, to a lesser extent, duration. In consideration of the known health risks associated with the use of artificial baby milks this would suggest that BFHI implementation and accreditation should be a desirable strategy for committed health facilities. However, a variation in both BFHI uptake and breastfeeding prevalence between nations has been reported. This narrative review critically discusses a variety of issues relevant to the uptake and support of breastfeeding and the BFHI, utilising Australia as a case study. Whilst it enjoys 'in principle'policy support, Australia also suffers from a lack of uniformity in uptake and perception of the benefits of BFHI at all levels of the health system. Australian and international studies have identified similar enablers and barriers to implementation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - The 10th step and beyond: Mother support for
           breastfeding [Book Review]
    • Abstract:
      Review(s) of: The 10th step and beyond: Mother support for breastfeding, Edited by Virginia Thorley, OAM PhD IBCLC FILCA and Melissa Clark Vickers, MEd IBCLC Hale, 2012, RRP $49.95, ISBN 978 0 9847746 8 5.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Breastfeeding and the developing brain
    • Abstract: Binns, Colin; James, Jennifer; Lee, Mi Kyung
      In past ages success was measured by physical strength and prowess as a warrior. But in the modern age maximising intelligence, cognitive development and language skills at the community and individual level is paramount. The influence of early nutrition and particularly breastfeeding, in cognitive development has been of research interest over the past century The first modern study published in the medical literature was in 1929 and reported on a study of 338 children aged between 7 and 11 years and found that breastfed infants performed better at school (Hoefer and Crumpton Hardy 1929). In common with many subsequent studies, exposure to breastfeeding was ascertained retrospectively with the reporting errors and risk of misclassification this is likely to bring (Binns et al 2012). A typical example of cohort studies of infant feeding and cognitive development was the Dunedin multidisciplinary health and development study, a 15- year longitudinal study that commenced in 1972 (Silva 1990). However, assessment of breastfeeding status was obtained retrospectively at the age of 3 years and breastfeeding was recorded as grouped data and not as a continuous variable (
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - Infant and young child feeding: Solid facts
    • Abstract: Cattaneo, Adriano
      The debate on infant and young child feeding (when, where, how, by whom, why) is often very heated and tends to confuse parents and health workers, as well as the public. Different positions come up against each other time and again, to the point that it becomes difficult to tell science from opinion. This would be understandable for debates occurring in popular media. The problem is that fierce discussions, ending up at times in diametrically opposed views, take place in scientific journals too, adding confusion to confusion. In this commentary I would like to establish some solid facts that I consider as undisputable (which therefore do not require references).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 2 - From the editor
    • Abstract: James, Jennifer
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - From the LRC
    • Abstract: Mortensen, Kate
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Research summaries
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Letters to the editor
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Understanding breastfeeding and how to succeed [Book
           Review]
    • Abstract: ABA Book Review Working Group
      Review(s) of: Understanding breastfeeding and how to succeed, by Elisabet Helsing and Anna, Pia Haggkvist, Hale Publishing, 2012, ISBN 9780984774609, RRP: $69.95.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Volume 21 Issue 1 - Beyond health, beyond choice: Breastfeeding
           constraints and realities [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Carroll, Katherine
      Review(s) of: Beyond health, beyond choice: Breastfeeding constraints and real, Edited by Paige Hall Smith, Bernice L. Hausman, and Miriam Labbok, 2012, Rutgers, University Press, ISBN: 9780813553047.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
 
 
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