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Publisher: RMIT Publishing   (Total: 399 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 399 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Accounting, Accountability & Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACORN : The J. of Perioperative Nursing in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.198, CiteScore: 0)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.122, CiteScore: 0)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agenda: A J. of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AIMA Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
AJP : The Australian J. of Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anglican Historical Society J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Appita J.: J. of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.168, CiteScore: 0)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arena J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Art Monthly Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Artlink     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.697, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Aurora J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
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Australasian Epidemiologist     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Historical Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 0)
Australasian J. of Early Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian J. of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Australasian J. of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.144, CiteScore: 0)
Australasian J. of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian J. of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Australasian Law Management J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Leisure Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Parks and Leisure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Plant Conservation: J. of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Public Libraries and Information Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian and New Zealand Continence J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Bookseller & Publisher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Bulletin of Labour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Canegrower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.317, CiteScore: 1)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.209, CiteScore: 0)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Holstein J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Australian Intl. Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian J. of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.116, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Advanced Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Asian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian J. of Cancer Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.158, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian J. of Language and Literacy, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian J. of Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian J. of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J. of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian J. of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.549, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.511, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. of Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.399, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Water Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.156, CiteScore: 0)
Australian J. on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J.ism Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Nursing J. : ANJ     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Orthoptic J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Tax Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Voice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bar News: The J. of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
BOCSAR NSW Alcohol Studies Bulletins     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bookseller + Publisher Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.183, CiteScore: 0)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brolga: An Australian J. about Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Childrenz Issues: J. of the Children's Issues Centre     Full-text available via subscription  
Chiropractic J. of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The J. of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.563, CiteScore: 1)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Connect     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary PNG Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Context: J. of Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corporate Governance Law Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.032, CiteScore: 1)
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Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dance Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
DANZ Quarterly: New Zealand Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Early Days: J. of the Royal Western Australian Historical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Early Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
EarthSong J.: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
East Asian Archives of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Educare News: The National Newspaper for All Non-government Schools     Full-text available via subscription  
Educating Young Children: Learning and Teaching in the Early Childhood Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Education in Rural Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Research and Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Educational Research J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Electronic J. of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Employment Relations Record     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.18, CiteScore: 0)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Extempore     Full-text available via subscription  
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.228, CiteScore: 1)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Fijian Studies: A J. of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Health Professional Education : A Multi-disciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fourth World J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontline     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gambling Research: J. of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gay and Lesbian Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gender Impact Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gestalt J. of Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
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He Puna Korero: J. of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
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Journal Cover
Australian Orthoptic Journal
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0814-0936
Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [399 journals]
  • Volume 48 Guidelines for authors
    • PubDate: Mon, 12 Feb 2018 11:35:36 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Named lectures, prizes and awards of Orthoptics Australia
    • PubDate: Tue, 5 Dec 2017 10:11:24 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Selected abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 73rd annual
           scientific conference held in Melbourne 20th to 22nd November 2016
    • PubDate: Tue, 5 Dec 2017 10:11:08 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 The 2016 Patricia Lance lecture 50 years: The development of
           research and publication in the Australian orthoptic journal
    • Abstract: Santamaria, Linda
      This lecture was presented in honour and memory of Patricia Mary Lance in recognition of her contribution to orthoptics in the fields of research, education and the association, both in Australia and internationally.

      After seven years of publishing the transactions of the annual scientific meetings, the first titled edition of the Australian Orthoptic Journal was published in 1966 as Volume 8, which means that 2016 marked 50 years of our journal with its current name. This anniversary provided an opportune time to look back over the journal and its development over the decades, from the very first orthoptic paper in the transactions of the 1959 meeting, which was by Patricia Lance, to the latest research publications in 2015.

      Over this time the changes in society, culture, education and technology have all affected the development of research and this has been reflected in our journal.

      PubDate: Tue, 5 Dec 2017 10:08:07 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Unusual deviations from standard postoperative instructions and
           subsequent review of protocol
    • Abstract: Lu, Phillip; Sutton, Gerard; Hodge, Chris
      The orthoptist plays an essential role in patient education and practice management. We present three unusual episodes of patient medication misuse, including two patients who mistakenly placed alternative liquids into their eye following surgery and a further patient who continued to use their medication after the family dog had used the bottle as a chewing device. Vision and safety outcomes varied considerably between cases. An orthoptist-driven review of postoperative standing orders was undertaken to reduce the risk of future occurrences. Supplementary graphics of the medications were added to the information forms. Patients were further requested to return accompanied to postoperative information visits to aid recall and emphasise proper protocol. Anecdotally there has been a reduction in medication-related enquiries following the intervention and no additional cases of ocular injury.

      PubDate: Tue, 5 Dec 2017 10:07:31 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Cataract surgical outcomes: A five-year audit
    • Abstract: Santamaria, Linda; Chen, Christine; Favilla, Marcel
      Aim: Cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation is the most common elective procedure in Australia. In order to ensure best clinical practice, outcome results must be compared with nationally or internationally accepted benchmarks. The aim of this paper was to present the clinical outcomes audit for a five-year period from 2008 to 2012 and compare to these benchmarks.

      Method: A random sample of 1,734 patients was selected over a five-year period. Preoperative, surgical and postoperative data was recorded, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction and the VF-14 visual function questionnaire.

      Results: In 2012, the mean final BCVA was 6/7 (0.87 decimal, 95%CI 0.84 0.90) significantly increased from 6/15 preoperatively (0.41 decimal, 95%CI 0.39 0.43, p < 0.001), with 97% achieving 6/12 (0.50 decimal) or better and 52% achieving 6/6 (1.0 decimal) or better, with no significant differences over the five-year period. The mean refractive prediction error varied from -0.03 to -0.13 dioptres (DS), with 89 to 94% achieving a refractive prediction error within +-1.00 DS and 64 to 75% within +-0.50 DS. The VF-14 visual function postoperative mean for 2012 was 84.90 (95%CI 82.25 87.54) significantly increased from 70.34 preoperatively (95%CI 67.89 72.79, p < 0.001), similar over the five-year period.

      Conclusions: The Monash Health clinical outcomes of both visual acuity and refraction were within recommended benchmarks. With increasing pressure on the public health system an efficient and cost-effective service with the highest level of care is essential. A continual auditing process assesses this care and ensures the maintenance of quality outcomes.

      PubDate: Tue, 5 Dec 2017 10:03:48 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 The current relevance of paediatric strabismus care in Australia
    • Abstract: Brennan, Louise; Crofts, Stephanie
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Investigating the effectiveness of an orthoptist-led diabetic
           retinopathy screening clinic
    • Abstract: Crameri, Allanah; Koklanis, Konstandina; Dayoub, Zeina; Gazarek, Jana
      Aim: To determine the effectiveness of the orthoptist-led diabetic retinopathy screening clinic at Northern Health by investigating the diagnostic agreement between orthoptists and ophthalmologists.

      Method: This study was a retrospective audit of 1,097 patients booked at the Northern Health orthoptist-led screening clinic. The demographic data and clinical assessment findings were recorded for the 101 included patients (192 eyes). The orthoptists' diabetic retinopathy diagnoses were compared with those made by the ophthalmologists using a kappa analysis.

      Results: Substantial agreement was observed between the orthoptists and ophthalmologists in relation to the diagnosis and detection of diabetic retinopathy (k = 0.660, p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Letter to the editor: The national disability insurance scheme:
           Positive implications for current and future orthoptic practice
    • Abstract: Fitzpatrick, Julie
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 A missed case of acute macular neuroretinopathy
    • Abstract: Marshall, Stephanie
      Acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) is a rare disease of the outer retina, most commonly presenting with a central or paracentral scotoma, wedge-shaped foveal lesions and hyper-reflective lesions, followed by thinning at the inner segment-outer segment junction. Patients report central/paracentral scotomas which correlate with visual field defects as detected by Amsler grid and automated static visual field testing. The case presented in this paper demonstrates the diagnosis of AMN in the absence of the full range of disease markers and highlights the importance of high density optical coherence tomography scanning in aiding the diagnoses of previously missed clinical conditions.

      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state committees and
           university training programs
    • PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 48 Presidents of Orthoptics Australia; Editors and reviewers of the
           Australian Orthoptic Journal
    • PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 19:34:19 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Blended learning strategy: Application for orthoptic teaching
    • Abstract: Vukicevic, Meri
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Use of MAIA microperimetry in routine tertiary retinal practice
    • Abstract: Mack, Heather; Boyle, Jessica; Vukicevic, Meri; Heriot, Wilson
      Background: Microperimetry is well established as a psychophysical outcome measure in clinical trials and is increasingly used in routine retinal practice for patients with visual symptoms. However, there is sparse evidence indicating the value of microperimetry in the clinical setting as distinct from the research setting. The aim of this study was to describe the usefulness of the MAIA microperimeter in tertiary retinal practice.

      Method: A total of 80 eyes of 48 patients presenting to a private tertiary medical and surgical retina practice were retrospectively reviewed. Sixty-two eyes had retinal or macular pathology and nine had no retinal or macular pathology clinically present. Diagnosis classification information was missing for nine eyes. Visual acuity, clinical examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Macular Integrity Assessment (MAIA) microperimetry were performed, and presenting symptoms recorded. Primary outcome measures were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA; LogMAR letters), macular integrity index (MII), average threshold sensitivity (ATS; dB) and test duration (minutes). Secondary outcome measures were pattern of visual field loss and fixation stability.

      Results: MII was strongly related to BCVA and ATS (Spearman's rho = -0.305, p = 0.006; r = -0.767, p < 0.0001 respectively). Four groups were identified, including three abnormal groups and one normal group: i) focal scotoma (21 eyes); ii) reduced average threshold with poor fixation (31 eyes); iii) reduced average threshold with normal fixation (20 eyes); and iv) normal (8 eyes). MII (p < 0.0001) and ATS (p < 0.0001) were significantly different between abnormal and normal eyes. Overlap was present in results of abnormal and normal eyes, and no sole microperimetry outcome measure was unequivocally able to distinguish between the three abnormal groups, or between normal and abnormal eyes.

      Conclusions: MAIA MII is strongly related to ATS and BCVA. Different patterns of visual field loss are described, but no single microperimetry parameter distinguished normal from abnormal patients. It is crucial to interpret microperimetry results appropriately in the clinical context.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Manifest strabismus in children previously diagnosed with
           pseudostrabismus
    • Abstract: Bloch, Edward; Orlans, Harry O; Uddin, Nabil; Jones, Alistair; Jain, Saurabh
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Amblyopia in older patients: Can treatment work'
    • Abstract: Pat, Eyal; Jolly, Neryla
      Aim: This paper aims to review the clinical outcomes of three patients with amblyopia who were treated beyond the critical period of 6 to 8 years of age.

      Method: Three case studies are presented of patients with previously untreated monocular amblyopia, aged between 9 and 17 years. Guided by the active management and monitoring skill of an orthoptist, each patient undertook a combination of regular clinical visits for sensory and motor visual training, combined with home occlusion treatment.

      Results: Each patient achieved improved visual acuity; the fastest and best result occurred in the oldest patient. All patients demonstrated the use of bifoveal fixation with a good level of sensory and motor fusion, with stereopsis in free space. Decompensation of orthophoria in one patient followed the occlusion treatment, however this then returned to binocular single vision following fusion training. Conclusions: Amblyopia treatment in older children can result in improvement of visual acuity. Integral to the success of the process is the role of the orthoptist in motivating the patient to activate the amblyopic eye during the treatment procedures, including individual choice of the time and place for the use of the occlusion.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Reporting for the National Disability Insurance Scheme:
           Incorporating the functional impact of vision impairment
    • Abstract: Silveira, Sue
      The Commonwealth of Australia has recently adopted a new innovative system of supporting people with disability; the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Its objectives are grounded in a disability rights framework that endeavours to support people with permanent and significant disability in improved independence, community involvement, education, employment, health and well-being. To align with NDIS objectives, a major shift in perspective has occurred that moves disability service provision from a traditional funding scheme based entirely on the presence of a health condition, to one focussed on the functional impact of the person's health condition. However, despite this new approach, the capacity of a person with vision impairment to meet NDIS eligibility criteria for funding will not be judged by measures that indicate the functional impact of their vision impairment. Rather, the person's clinical measurements such as visual acuity and visual fields will be applied to predetermined criteria that have been deemed as suitable indicators of vision impairment.

      This paper examined the existing professional literature that questions the application of clinical measurements to determine the functional impact of a person's vision impairment. Several models that recognise vision as a more complex entity were discussed. It is suggested that a broader approach to the assessment of a person's vision inclusive of both the clinical and functional domains, will assist ophthalmic reporting to more closely align with NDIS objectives, to enhance the support of Australians with vision impairment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state committees and
           university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Presidents of Orthoptics Australia and editors of the Australian
           orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Named lectures, prizes and awards of Orthoptics Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 47 Selected abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 72nd annual
           scientific conference held in Wellington 1 to 4 November 2015
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Laser pointer retinal injury: A case report
    • Abstract: Vukicevic, Meri; Gin, Trevor; Keel, Stuart
      A healthy 15-year-old boy presented with decreased visual acuity and central blur in the right eye following the misapplication of a green laser pointer. Focal retinal pigment epithelial disturbance at the fovea was revealed on optical coherence tomography and ophthalmoscopy examination. Visual function remained impaired 9 weeks following the incident, however it is unclear whether the misuse of laser pointers results in a permanent decrease in vision. This case emphasises that laser pointer devices may cause macular injury when used inappropriately.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 The development of aphakic glaucoma following lensectomy in
           congenital cataract in a NSW children's hospital
    • Abstract: Crofts, Stephanie; Geering, Katie
      Congenital cataract affects children and their vision from an early age and as such early diagnosis and treatment is vital. Following surgical lensectomy, children with congenital cataract will either have an intraocular lens inserted, be fitted with an aphakic contact lens or be prescribed aphakic spectacles. One possible complication of lensectomy in these children is aphakic glaucoma. The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of aphakic glaucoma in children with congenital cataract following lensectomy. A retrospective review of children presenting to the eye clinic at The Children's Hospital at Westmead NSW with congenital cataracts between 2008 and 2010 was performed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Orthoptic education in NSW: New beginnings
    • Abstract: Rose, Kathryn
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Indication for anti-VEGF treatment for neovascular age-related
           macular degeneration based on optical coherence tomography interpretation:
           Decision agreement rate between orthoptist and ophthalmologist
    • Abstract: Lim, Yong Ern; Vukicevic, Meri; Koklanis, Konstandina; Boyle, Jessica
      Objective: Although orthoptists play an integral role in the care of patients with chronic eye diseases, the clinical decision making of orthoptists within this setting has not often been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter-rater agreement between orthoptists and an ophthalmologist in determining whether anti-VEGF treatment for neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is required based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) interpretation.

      Methods: A retrospective audit was conducted of patient data from a private ophthalmology practice. Data collected included details pertaining to patient demographics and clinical assessment, OCT retinal thickness, and the treatment decisions of five orthoptists and one senior vitreoretinal ophthalmologist when interpreting OCT scans. The inter-rater agreement between the orthoptists and the ophthalmologist was calculated as a percentage and the kappa (κ) statistic computed.

      Results: Of a total 669 treatment decisions made, on 619 occasions (92.5%) agreement was found between the orthoptists and the ophthalmologist (κ = 0.85; 95%CI 3.43 - 1.26, p < 0.001) representing an almost perfect agreement.

      Conclusion: Agreement between the orthoptists and ophthalmologist in AMD clinical decision making is very high suggesting that orthoptists could potentially have a greater involvement in shared-care models within specialist eye clinics.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches and
           university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Presidents of Orthoptics Australia and editors of the Australian
           orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Named lectures, prizes and awards of Orthoptics Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Selected abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 71st Annual
           Scientific Conference held in Brisbane 23 to 26 November 2014
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Profile of the Australian orthoptic workforce 2012/13
    • Abstract: Koklanis, Konstandina; Vukicevic, Meri
      Purpose: This paper presents the findings of the Orthoptics Australia 2012/13 orthoptic workforce study.

      Methods: An online survey was sent to Orthoptics Australia members and promoted to non-members by colleagues, via social media and at various continuing education events. Data was collected from October 2012 to April 2013 using the online survey tool Survey Monkey.

      Results: Four-hundred-and-fifteen orthoptists completed the online survey. Results indicate that the female to male ratio is 9.6:1 with the average age of orthoptists 37 years and 61.5% of orthoptists under the age of 40. The majority (81.7%) of orthoptists reside in New South Wales or Victoria and most (81.1%) work in metropolitan areas. Orthoptists work in a diverse range of clinical areas, including advanced practice, with 91.8% working in specialist public or private eye clinics, 52.8% working full-time and 42% having a career interruption at some point. Overall 27.2% of orthoptists indicated that they would be leaving the profession within the next five years.

      Conclusions: This study provides a valuable dataset which should be further explored with finer analysis of the workforce.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 46 Reframing vision impairment for the Australian National
           Disability Insurance Scheme
    • Abstract: Silveira, Sue
      Australia has recently undergone a major shift in the way people with disability are supported, with the implementation in 2013 of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). Disability support including people with vision impairment will be determined using a series of validated tools to develop a negotiated plan between the NDIS and the person. Due to the immediate roll-out of the NDIS, an urgent need exists for access to suitable tools for the planning process. Discussions in 2014 between the National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA) and key stakeholder organisations revealed that a tool to measure the severity of a person's vision impairment is not currently available.

      It is vital that eye health professionals become aware of the NDIS process and the reporting requirements. It is also crucial that eye health professionals as experts support the development of the NDIS tools, to ensure the outcome considers the person's broad visual function rather than relying exclusively on clinical measurements to best define the person's support needs. This paper aims to report on a preliminary method rather than a tool that has been developed and recommended to the NDIA. The method has drawn on the Model of Visual Functioning, proposed by Corn (1983) that portrays vision as a multifactorial and complex entity. The method reflects the model's approach by adjusting the severity of a person's vision impairment when additional factors are present that impact on the person's visual function. The strengths and limitations of the method are also discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 A case study and literature review of coexisting dissociated
           vertical and horizontal deviations
    • Abstract: Norris, Cassandra; Santamaria, Linda
      Adequate treatment of dissociated deviations has eluded eye care professionals since its discovery in 1895. This case-based investigation presents a review of the various treatment methods that have been advocated for both dissociated vertical and dissociated horizontal deviations, particularly in the presence of a consecutive exotropia and inferior oblique overaction. This difficult case provided an excellent opportunity to elucidate how surgery options change in the presence of multiple ocular anomalies.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 The relationship between the clinical assessment, temporal
           artery biopsy and the positive diagnosis of giant cell arteritis
    • Abstract: Duffy, Natalie
      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the clinical assessment, histology report and the positive diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. Methods: In 2011, a retrospective study (2005-2011) of 40 diagnosed temporal artery biopsy patients was conducted at an ophthalmic practice in Sydney, NSW. All patients had been consulted by the same neuro-ophthalmologist prior to the biopsy. Relevant data was extracted from patients' records and entered into a database for statistical analysis. A scoring system was developed for each sign and symptom to facilitate analysis. Patients with incomplete or inaccurate records were excluded from the study. Results: A total of 40 patients were included in the study. The average age of participants was 78 years (range 55 to 92). At initial presentation, common signs included headache (87%), jaw claudication (45%) and a change in vision (50%). Blood testing revealed raised inflammatory markers of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (55%) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (90%) at presentation. A positive final diagnosis of temporal arteritis was made in 72.5% of all patients, despite only 52.5% of cases returning a positive temporal artery biopsy result. Conclusion: This study has supported the importance of a temporal artery biopsy in combination with a detailed clinical assessment in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. In an ophthalmic setting a temporal artery biopsy is a useful tool to assist diagnosis, however with a false-negative risk careful clinical evaluation by the orthoptist and neuro-ophthalmologist will ensure that giant cell arteritis is promptly detected in patients.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Orthoptics at the crossroads: Matching future workforce needs
    • Abstract: Scheetz, Jane; Koklanis, Konstandina; Long, Maureen; Morris, Meg E
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches and
           university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Presidents of Orthoptics Australia and editors of the Australian
           orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Named lectures, prizes and awards of Orthoptics Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Selected abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 70th annual
           scientific conference held in Hobart 3 to 6 November 2013
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 Charles Bonnet visual hallucinations in children: A systematic
           review
    • Abstract: Vukicevic, Meri; Keel, Stuart
      Visual pathway lesions are known to cause visual hallucinations and when they are complex, are described as Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). CBS hallucinations are common in adults and prevalence rates may be up to 40%. Very little is known about the prevalence and characteristics of CBS in children. If the postulated theories as to the cause of CBS are correct, 'sensory deprivation' or 'release', then it stands to reason that children also suffer from this disorder. A systematic review was conducted to identify reports of CBS in children and compare the findings to that reported in the literature concerning adults.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 A case report: Complicated traumatic hyphaema
    • Abstract: Khuat, Khoi; Dickeson, Elaina
      A 72-year-old male presented with a left traumatic hyphaema due to blunt trauma. Clinical examination found a 60% hyphaema and a mild increase in intraocular pressure. The hyphaema was slowly resolving with the patient suffering a secondary haemorrhage and a reduction in visual acuity. The patient was taking anticoagulant medication, which predisposed him to developing a secondary haemorrhage. The secondary haemorrhage was surgically cleared but an improvement in visual acuity was not seen. A traumatic cataract was found upon slit lamp examination and was surgically removed resulting in an improvement in vision.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 45 The multidisciplinary glaucoma monitoring clinic at the Royal
           Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital
    • Abstract: Gleeson, Debra
      An ageing population worldwide is and will increasingly overburden existing eye health services due to an associated increase in age-related ocular disease. This has necessitated the development of different eye care schemes to alleviate this problem, particularly in the area of glaucoma. These schemes utilise community optometrists, and hospital-based optometrists, orthoptists and ophthalmic nurses. The various schemes have aided in a range of ways, from reducing false-positive glaucoma referrals to hospital clinics, to diagnosing, monitoring and in some cases treating suitable glaucoma patients. The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital (RVEEH) Glaucoma Monitoring Clinic (EGMON) which started in 2007 utilises a multidisciplinary team of ophthalmic consultants, optometrists, orthoptists and ophthalmic nurses. The EGMON Clinic was set up in response to increasing numbers attending the RVEEH glaucoma clinics, the largest tertiary glaucoma service in Victoria. This was affecting the availability of appointments for new and review patients. Orthoptists have the theoretical knowledge and the clinical background to play an important role in the provision of services to patients with glaucoma and other types of chronic eye disease. This study describes the establishment of the multidisciplinary EGMON Clinic at the RVEEH and the clinical protocols and processes used in the clinic. The outcomes and the results of the patient survey on the effectiveness of the clinic are also discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches
           and university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Presidents of orthoptics Australia and editors of the
           Australian orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Named lectures, prizes and awards of orthoptics
           Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - A case study: Management options for a patient with
           congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles
    • Abstract: Vogrin, Frances; Zhang, Kailin Karen
      Congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles is a relatively static congenital disorder leading to restrictive extraocular movements. The need for early intervention is vital to alleviate the development of an abnormal head posture and to lower the risk of amblyopia. A case of an 18-year-old male with congenital fibrosis, bilateral blepharoptosis, chin-up head posture, and external ophthalmoplegia is presented. His mother and older brother also exhibited similar clinical signs, thereby suggesting a familial pattern. Surgical management is discussed in light of the patient's presentation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Ocular Myositis: A case study
    • Abstract: Lai, Melanie
      Orbital myositis is an uncommon inflammatory condition resulting in variable degrees of restriction of the extraocular muscles. A case of a 15-year-old girl is presented, highlighting the importance of differential diagnosis from other ocular conditions that can cause extraocular muscle restrictions.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and uveitis in a
           paediatric Sydney population
    • Abstract: Geering, Katie; Crofts, Stephanie
      Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an inflammatory condition that affects 1 in 1,000 children in Australia. JIA can be defined by inflammation in one or more joints for a period of at least six weeks, with an onset younger than 16 years of age. JIA is sub-classified into different types depending on the number of joints affected, the rheumatoid factor and whether other systemic conditions are present. JIA can be associated with uveitis, a serious and chronic ocular complication which is often difficult to manage and can result in visual loss. The risk of development of uveitis differs dependent on the type of JIA present. An ophthalmology assessment forms a vital part of the assessment for children with JIA. The aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of visual complications associated with children who have a diagnosis of JIA. A retrospective review of children presenting to the Eye Clinic at The Children's Hospital Westmead with JIA over a twelve-month period between 2009 and 2010 was performed. This paper emphasises the need for ophthalmology review in this cohort of children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 1 - Ocular complications of Mucopolysaccharidoses
    • Abstract: Ramlee, Azura; Flaherty, Maree; Silveira, Sue; Sillence, David
      Purpose: To study the extent of ocular involvement among children with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) at The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia. Methods: This study consists of a retrospective consecutive case series, with review of medical records of children with confirmed diagnosis of MPS from 1997 to 2009. Results: Forty-five children had MPS but only 29 had a record of previous formal ocular assessment. Of these, more than half had documented ocular involvement, including corneal clouding, common among the MPS I subtypes and MPS VI (Maroteaux-Lamy) patients. Posterior segment changes, including pigmentary retinopathy, epiretinal membranes and optic disc changes were more common in MPS II (Hunter). Two children with MPS VI were also noted to have epiretinal membranes and this is likely to be a previously unrecognised association of MPS VI. Only 7 out of 18 children with MPS III (Sanfilippo) were examined, and clinically none were found to have retinopathy. Among those who were cooperative for vision assessment, four were found to see 6/12 or better, while the majority had best corrected vision between 6/15 and 6/60. Three patients had documented disease progression leading to blindness. All four MPS VI patients receiving enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) had stable visual acuity with no ocular progression (6.5 years mean follow-up). However progression of corneal clouding was noted in the only MPS I patient receiving ERT. Conclusion: Ocular involvement in MPS may cause significant vision impairment. Formal ophthalmic review is important for early detection and treatment to help achieve the best visual outcome.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Predictors of retinal vascular calibre: A review
    • Abstract: Keel, Stuart; Koklanis, Konstandina; Vukicevic, Meri; Istiopoulos, Catherine; Brazionis, Laima
      Retinal vascular calibre assessment offers a unique, non-invasive research tool to better understand the pathophysiology of the body's microvasculature and aid in the prediction of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and metabolic related diseases. However, to fully understand the relationship between the microvascular alterations that occur in the retina and the role they play in human disease it is important to recognise the impact of genes, ethnicity, prenatal, perinatal and postnatal factors on retinal vascular calibre. This review highlights a range of genetic, ocular, systemic and birth parameters, most notably that of ethnicity and birth size, that appear to have a profound effect on retinal vascular calibre and therefore must be taken into account as a source of variation when determining the clinical significance systemic factors have on retinal vasculature.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - 'Culture in the clinic': A review of the public health
           challenge of preventing age-related low vision or blindness in African
           Americans: With implications for eye health care in Australia
    • Abstract: Fitzpatrick, Julie
      There is a body of evidence indicating African Americans are at a higher risk of developing blindness or low vision from ageing-related eye conditions, largely due to lack of attendance at eye screenings or non-compliance with treatment. Three eye conditions which will be discussed in this context are cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this literature review is to demonstrate that, when planning programs such as eye screenings, it is important to consider the cultural needs of the client group under study. This paper attempts to demonstrate how addressing cultural needs and culturally-determined barriers to eye screening attendance could greatly enhance program success. Australia's cultural mix indicates there is a need to consider all races when planning programs. Using this holistic approach in a similar manner but applied to more local populations, such as indigenous Australians could also enhance eye screening attendance rates for these subjects. The literature suggests the health issue of low vision or blindness in African Americans is largely attributable to geographic and culturally-determined behavioural factors posing a barrier to seeking professional eye screening and treatment. Also, culturally determined barriers to modifying diet and lifestyle habits influence control of sight-threatening diabetes resulting in poorer vision, which generally deteriorates with age. It has been reported that African Americans would benefit from public health intervention to help prevent or minimise low vision. If this health issue is successfully addressed, there could be significant reductions in the economic health care burden in regions where this population resides, and patients could enjoy a better quality of life.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Improved visual acuity in patients with congenital
           nystagmus following Anderson-Kestenbaum procedures
    • Abstract: Norman, Stephanie C; Green, Julie F; Elder, James E
      This retrospective study conducted within a large paediatric clinical practice identified eleven patients who were operated on during the period of 1996-2011, using the Anderson-Kestenbaum procedure. These patients, aged 4 to 17 years, were operated on by the same surgeon. Visual acuity was measured using age-appropriate linear or single optotypes and results were compared pre- and post-operatively. Observations of head posture by ophthalmologist, orthoptist and parent were recorded pre- and post-operatively. Results showed the Anderson-Kestenbaum procedure reduced the compensatory head posture and improved visual acuity in 75% of patients, with a mean improvement in visual acuity of 3.75 letters. Patients showed minimal residual head posture. This study is limited by its retrospective nature and small subject numbers.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches
           and university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Presidents of Orthoptics Australia and editors of the
           Australian orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Named lectures, prizes and awards of Orthoptics
           Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 44 Issue 2 - Selected abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 69th
           annual scientific conference held in Melbourne 25 to 28 November 2012
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches
           and university training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Presidents of orthoptics Australia and editors of the
           Australian orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Named lectures, prizes and awards of orthoptics
           Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Selected abstracts from the orthoptics Australia 68th
           annual scientific conference held in Canberra 20 to 22 November 2011
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Effect of vertical interline spacing on word
           recognition and reading speed using the peripheral retina
    • Abstract: O'Connor, Alannah; Vukicevic, Meri
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of increasing the spacing between sentences upon word recognition speed and word recognition accuracy when using the peripheral retina. By identifying optimal interline spacing for patients with central field loss, this could determine guidelines for best presentation of written materials in the presence of central scotoma. Seventeen participants with no ocular pathology were recruited and asked to read words with their fovea and peripheral retina (at 6 degrees from the fovea) whilst their fixation was monitored using an infra-red eye tracker. Whilst improvement in reading speed can be gained by increasing interline spacing to 1.5x when reading with the fovea, there is no effect (or detriment) of manipulating interline spacing when reading with the peripheral retina. There is also no effect on word recognition accuracy.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - Visual Screening Competencies Questionnaire (VSCQ) and
           orthoptic practice
    • Abstract: Lanca, Carla Costa; Carolino, Elisabete; Nunes, Carla
      The identification of core competencies which are important for undertaking accurate visual screening by orthoptists is considered in this study. The aim was to construct and validate a questionnaire for orthoptists to assess visual screening competency. This study comprised three steps. The first step involved a 69-item self-assessment questionnaire constructed to assess orthoptists' perception of their competencies in visual screening programs for children. This questionnaire was constructed with statements from the Orthoptic Benchmark Statement for Health Care Programmes (Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education, United Kingdom) and included three competency dimensions: interpersonal (IP), instrumental (IT) and systemic (ST). The second step involved questionnaire translation. Statements were translated into Portuguese and survey items were then reviewed by two experts. The third step involved questionnaire validation for internal consistency (n = 36 orthoptists) and factorial dimension analysis (n = 58 orthoptists). Questionnaire dimensions presented the following internal consistency: alpha (ST) = 0.916; alpha (IP) = 0.949; alpha (IT) = 0.892. After performing the factorial analysis of principal components, results showed a total explained variance of 61.21% (KMO = 0.795). The IP dimension demonstrated 35.88% of the variance and IT 14.45% of the variance. Each dimension item was shown to be a good measure of ST, IP and IT. The questionnaire provides a method of measurement of orthoptists' perception of their competencies in the visual screening of children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 2 - A child with myasthenia gravis and defective
           accommodation: A case study
    • Abstract: Pedemont, Karen; Jolly, Neryla; Rose, Loreto
      Background: This case details a 14-year old female with myasthenia gravis (MG) who on presentation had ocular symptoms, which included bilateral ptosis and vertical diplopia. Four weeks after the onset of the MG she developed accommodative insufficiency. This condition has not been reported before in childhood MG, but has been documented in adult onset MG. The onset in this case was later in the course of the disease, not initially, as found in the adult cases reviewed in the literature. Method: Measurements were taken at different stages over an 18-month period to determine the impact of medication and fatigue. Tests for near vision, accommodation, convergence, bar reading and near deviation were performed. Results: All measurements were reduced and further affected by fatigue with the exception of the size of the near deviation. The patient was symptom-free by 15 weeks post onset. Eighteen months later the patient remained symptom-free with all measurements normal with the exception of accommodation, which remained below normal and affected by fatigue after reading. Conclusion: This single case highlights the occurrence of smooth muscle involvement in MG and its debilitating effect. It is recommended that testing of accommodation function becomes standard practice in patients with MG and the use of additional plus lenses considered if required.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Orthoptics Australia office bearers, state branches
           and University training programs
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Presidents of orthoptics Australia and editors of the
           Australian orthoptic journal
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Named lectures, prizes and awards of orthoptics
           Australia
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Two case studies: Eccentric fixation and amblyopia - a
           challenge to the treating practitioner
    • Abstract: Boyle, Jessica; Santamaria, Linda
      Two cases of eccentric fixation in the presence of strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia are presented, both of which failed to respond to therapeutic efforts. A brief account of past and present treatment modalities used in the management of eccentric fixation is provided, including a discussion as to the limitations and efficacy of each. Analysis of the literature reveals that regardless of the treatment method employed, a population of "incurable" patients exist who fail to improve despite treatment efforts. Treatment outcome is dependent upon a multitude of factors and the potential reasons as to why this sub-group of patients with eccentric fixation fail to show improvement are discussed. This paper serves to highlight the challenges that such cases pose to the treating eye care practitioner and encourages the need for further research in this area; an area where little is known even today.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Orthoptic interventions in stroke patients
    • Abstract: Macfarlane, Ann; Jolly, Neryla; Thompson, Kate
      Patients admitted to hospital following a stroke, as part of the recovery process may require active intervention to relieve visual symptoms. The interventions include therapy, correct use of or modification to spectacles (including use of prisms), appropriate occlusion or the adoption of compensatory strategies to support ocular comfort. This paper falls into two sections. It initially provides an overview of the strategies currently used for vision problems found in patients who have had a stroke. It refers to the general indictors for intervention and the possible strategies that can be used. The second part of the paper looks at outcomes citing patient responses from a 2008 report to the Statewide Ophthalmology Service of the Greater Metropolitan Clinical Taskforce. The strategies reported include therapy, correct optical use, occlusion and diplopia relief and strategies to maximise ocular comfort. Approaches used are often simple and very effective in terms of patient comfort or educating other team members about the need to support a compensatory strategy. Some strategies require active follow-up with variable outcomes. The outcomes support the benefits of orthoptic intervention in the care of patients recovering from stroke.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - 'Does size matter'': An investigation of
           Anisometropia, Aniseikonia and Anisophoria
    • Abstract: Saba, Kristen L; Fitzsimons, Ross
      Aim: To examine how acquired anisometropia commonly gives rise to symptoms of diplopia in patients and to differentiate the cause of these symptoms in terms of aniseikonia and anisophoria. Method: Twenty-one patients with acquired anisometropia >1.00 D and astigmatism
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Clinical management of coats disease: A case study
    • Abstract: Drowley, Christopher R; O'Day, Justin
      Coats disease, is a rare unilateral retinal vascular disease of unknown aetiology though there may be a genetic predisposition to the disorder. If left untreated, severe and permanent vision loss can occur due to total exudative retinal detachment. Early intervention and close monitoring remains the most effective way to prevent potential vision loss and the progression to a blind and painful eye. This report describes the case of a 15 year-old healthy male who presented with a one-month history of unilateral blurred central vision. Fundus examination revealed a peripheral retinal vascular lesion which resulted in lipid deposits in the macular region. The patient was treated with argon laser panretinal photocoagulation and monitored over an 18-month period. He demonstrated a slow though significant resolution of the maculopathy which correlated with an improvement in visual acuity. This case highlights that early presentation followed with an appropriate management regime can result in a successful visual outcome.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 43 Issue 1 - Zoran Georgievski
    • Abstract: Koklanis, Connie
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 2 - Selected Abstracts from the Orthoptics Australia 67th
           Annual Scientific Conference Held in Adelaide 21-24 November 2010
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 2 - Monocular Nystagmus in a Case of Septo-optic Dysplasia
    • Abstract: Moorhead, Rebecca; Moon, Maria
      A case of septo-optic dysplasia in a 2-year old boy is presented. The variable symptoms and characteristics of the disorder are described in relation to its aetiology, with particular emphasis on the unusual occurrence of monocular nystagmus.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 2 - Spontaneous Resolution of Early Onset Esotropia: Two
           Case Studies
    • Abstract: Parsons, Lora
      The case studies of two infants who both presented with a large angle early onset esotropia that resolved completely within the first 12 months of life are presented. Spontaneous resolution of early onset esotropia is uncommon and these two cases highlight the importance of examining infants carefully and repeatedly prior to early surgical intervention.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 2 - Minimising Sun-related Damage to Australian Children's
           Eyes
    • Abstract: Silveira, Sue
      Australian children and their families live and enjoy an outdoor lifestyle in an environment with variable and at times, high ultraviolet radiation levels. Generally they have been successfully educated to care for their skin against sun damage. However a similar message regarding the need for eye care has not been as forthcoming. Recent research has shown evidence of sun damage in young Australian children's eyes and indicates the need for eye sun protection. Developing strategies such as wearing hats and sunglasses which aim to minimise eye damage are indicated. In doing this the link between sun avoidance and vitamin D deficiency-related disease needs to be considered. This paper presents a review of the scientific literature which reports on the prevalence of sun-related eye changes and damage in children's eyes. Possible prevention strategies which offer protection to Australian children's eyes such as sunscreen, sunglasses and hats will be discussed. The need for research in this area will also be highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 2 - Parental Predictors of Poor Visual Outcome with
           Occlusion Treatment for Unilateral Amblyopia
    • Abstract: Costa Lanca, Carla; Carolino, Elisabete
      Aim: Visual acuity outcome of amblyopia treatment depends on the compliance. This study aimed to determine parental predictors of poor visual outcome with occlusion treatment in unilateral amblyopia and identify the relationship between occlusion recommendations and the patient's actual dose of occlusion reported by the parents. Methods: This study comprised three phases: refractive adaptation for a period of 18 weeks after spectacle correction; occlusion of 3 to 6 hours per day during a period of 6 months; questionnaire administration and completion by parents. Visual acuity as assessed using the Sheridan-Gardiner singles or Snellen acuity chart was used as a measure of visual outcome. Correlation analysis was used to describe the strength and direction of two variables: prescribed occlusion reported by the doctor and actual dose reported by parents. A logistic binary model was adjusted using the following variables: severity, vulnerability, self-efficacy, behaviour intentions, perceived efficacy and treatment barriers, parents' and childrens' age, and parents' level of education. Results: The study included 100 parents (mean age 38.9 years, SD approx 9.2) of 100 children (mean age 6.3 years, SD approx 2.4) with amblyopia. Twenty-eight percent of children had no improvement in visual acuity. The results showed a positive mild correlation (kappa = 0.54) between the prescribed occlusion and actual dose reported by parents. Three predictors for poor visual outcome with occlusion were identified: parents' level of education (OR = 9.28; 95%CI 1.32-65.41); treatment barriers (OR = 2.75; 95%CI 1.22-6.20); interaction between severity and vulnerability (OR = 3.64; 95%CI 1.21-10.93). Severity (OR = 0.07; 95%CI 0.00-0.72) and vulnerability (OR = 0.06; 95%CI 0.05-0.74) when considered in isolation were identified as protective factors. Conclusions: Parents frequently do not use the correct dosage of occlusion as recommended. Parents' educational level and awareness of treatment barriers were predictors of poor visual outcome. Lower levels of education represented a 9-times higher risk of having a poor visual outcome with occlusion treatment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 1 - A Case Study: Bilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia
    • Abstract: Portingale, Jade; Santamaria, Linda; Etheridge, Mark
      A 30-year old female presented with a five-day history of vertical diplopia. Clinical examination revealed bilateral restriction of adduction and nystagmus of the abducting eye, diagnosed as a bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia. A three-day course of intravenous methylprednisolone was prescribed and her signs and symptoms soon resolved. Later, magnetic resonance imaging revealed no signs of demyelination.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 1 - A Case of Orbital Cellulitis with Accompanying
           Bilateral Ptosis
    • Abstract: Norman, Stephanie; Santamaria, Linda; Biondi, Sonia
      A case study of a young male with right orbital cellulitis secondary to sinusitis is presented. Ocular signs are described, including decreased visual acuity, ptosis, proptosis, pain, and restriction of ocular movements. The patient had a number of clinical signs, including a decompensating intermittent exotropia and the continued presence of bilateral ptosis following resolution of the orbital cellulitis. It was concluded that the patient likely had previously unknown pre-existing conditions, which meant that he will continue to require ophthalmic and orthoptic management beyond the resolution of the orbital cellulitis.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 1 - A Case of Diplopia Following Monovision with Contact
           Lenses
    • Abstract: Haynes, Barbara
      A 46-year old woman presented with a 12-month history of diplopia after being prescribed monovision contact lenses. The iatrogenic anisometropia caused decompensation of an esophoria, resulting in diplopia. A normal binocular state was reinstated with glasses, but it was necessary to incorporate prisms to achieve single vision.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 1 - Electroretinography in a Paediatric Setting: A Useful
           Diagnostic Tool
    • Abstract: Crofts, Stephanie; Brennan, Louise; Scanlon, Katie
      Assessing visual behaviour in young children is a challenging task. When children present with poor vision, nystagmus, photophobia or nyctalopia, it can be difficult to determine the cause. The electroretinogram (ERG) plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of paediatric retinal eye conditions and can be a useful diagnostic tool for the paediatric ophthalmologist. The ERG records electrical activity of the retina in response to ocular stimulation with either a light or pattern source. Patients are referred to the visual electrophysiology clinic when a diagnosis is uncertain or when the ERG result will help confirm a diagnosis. When a diagnosis is confirmed the ERG can be used to monitor progression of the disease. These results, along with genetic counselling, allow patients and their families to be informed on prognosis and progression of retinal disease and its impact on vision. A retrospective review of patients attending The Children's Hospital at Westmead for ERG assessment over a two-year period from 2007 to 2009 was carried out. This paper discusses methods of paediatric ERG assessment, indications for testing and common paediatric retinal dystrophies.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 42 Issue 1 - Orthoptic Practice Variations and Effective Care: The
           Need for Clinical Practice Guidelines to Improve Care
    • Abstract: McMain, Karen
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - Selected Abstracts from the OAA 66th Annual Scientific
           Conference, Held in Brisbane, 15-18 November 2009
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - Concordant Esotropia and Bilateral Hypermetropia in
           Young Monozygotic Twins
    • Abstract: Jurgens, Melissa
      Monozygotic twins with concordant essential infantile esotropia and bilateral hypermetropia are reported. They are discussed in relation to the importance of early surgical alignment before the age of two years and the influence of high hypermetropia on visual development post operatively.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - Vision Screening of Individuals with Mild Intellectual
           Disability
    • Abstract: Hanman, Kate; Suda, Kaori; Koklanis, Konstandina; Georgievski, Zoran
      A pilot vision screening of secondary school students with mild intellectual disability was conducted as part of the La Trobe University orthoptic clinical education program. The screening included a visual acuity assessment, cover testing, examination of ocular motility, stereo acuity and convergence near point. Two hundred and nineteen participants (n = 219) aged 12 - 18 years participated. Of these, 73 (33.3%) failed the screening on the basis of reduced vision, strabismus and or nystagmus. This suggests a great prevalence of ocular disorders in children with mild intellectual disability and highlights the importance of vision screening within this community.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - Why are Males with Compressive Optic Neuropathy
           Predisposed to Developing Cranial Nerve Palsy and Binocular Vision
           Problems'
    • Abstract: Elderman, Inez Eveline; Vukicevic, Meri
      Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of diplopia and cranial nerve palsies in a group of consecutive patients presenting with suspected compressive optic neuropathy. Methods: Fifty patients aged 17 to 93 years diagnosed with a brain tumour and possible compressive optic neuropathy were referred to an outpatient orthoptic clinic. The orthoptic investigation included an ocular motility assessment to determine the characteristics of the problems reported. All patients presented with a diagnosed brain tumour and possible compressive optic neuropathy. Results: Thirteen patients (26%) presented with complaints of diplopia pre-operatively and a cranial nerve palsy was found in 8 of these patients (61.5%) and all were male. This result was statistically significant ([X squared]=
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - The Verbal Skills Used by Orthoptists During Private
           Patient Consultations
    • Abstract: Sim, Irina; Jolly, Neryla; Pepper, Karen
      Purpose: Verbal communication is an essential part of the medical consultation. It can affect the patient's level of satisfaction, compliance to treatment regimes and recommendations, and may impact on the quality of the patient-practitioner relationship. This study aims to explore the form and patterns of verbal communication that are used by orthoptists in private ophthalmic settings when consulting with patients and the impact of external factors such as experience, patient characteristics and initial or return consultations. Methods: Twelve orthoptists and 49 patients were recruited from 3 private ophthalmic practices in metropolitan New South Wales. A real-time assessment of duration of clinical tasks and coding of verbal communications into categories was performed and analysed with the SPSS program using correlation and t-tests. Results: Orthoptists were found to use extensive explanations, delivery of information and use of rapport, which increased with the orthoptists' clinical experience. Patient characteristics such as age, gender, and cultural background did not affect the duration of tests performed or the verbal communication used. Conclusion: Orthoptists use a wide range and types of verbal communications in their clinical practice. The level of the orthoptists' clinical experience influences the verbal communications used by the orthoptist. Patient characteristics had little influence on the verbal communications used.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 2 - The Importance of Evidence Based Practice
    • Abstract: Koklanis, Connie; Georgievski, Zoran
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - Double Elevator Palsy with Congenital Esotropia: A
           Case Study
    • Abstract: Hensman, Marika
      This case study follows Master JT, a young boy who has congenital esotropia in addition to a right double elevator palsy. Ocular assessment of the patient is outlined as well as management and surgical treatment. The characteristics of congenital esotropia and double elevator palsy are discussed in context with the child's presentation. The importance of performing a forced duction test to determine the classification of double elevator palsy and options or surgery is stressed. Rationale over surgical choices and likely prognosis are included.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - A Case of Brown's Syndrome in Association with
           Goldenhar Syndrome
    • Abstract: Muecke, Kara; Santamaria, Linda
      A case study of a young girl diagnosed at birth with Goldenhar syndrome is presented. Ocular features are described, including the unusual finding of Brown's syndrome, suggesting a possible teratogenic link between the two conditions.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - A Case of Triplopia: A Case of Conversion
           Disorder'
    • Abstract: Fitzpatrick, Julie
      The low vision rehabilitation orthoptist is involved in assisting clients to maximize independence despite functional vision loss, which may come in the form of reduced vision, field loss, reduced contrast sensitivity, or loss of binocular functions. In this paper, a case study of an elderly female who presented with monocular triplopia is discussed. The relationship between conversion disorder and the patient's symptoms, the importance of tailoring management to the patient's functional requirements and the role of the orthoptist within a multidisciplinary team is discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - The Use of Peer-supported 'Case Conferencing' to
           Enhance Orthoptic Students' Learning in a Clinical School Environment
    • Abstract: Robinson, Kylie; Georgievski, Zoran; Koklanis, Konstandina
      An orthoptic student 'case conferencing' program was developed and introduced at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital with the aim of enhancing students' clinical experience. The aim of this study was to report on this initiative and on students' perceptions of the program. Students presently undertake their clinical placements in differing modes, according to the semester in which they are enrolled. It was found that students undertaking the 'block' placement mode find case conferencing particularly beneficial, the key difference being the increased amount of contact time and engagement compared with students undertaking sessional placement.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - Myopia, Near Work, Atropine and Bifocals: Critical
           Reflections of the Key Literature Examining the Influence of Several
           Factors on the Progression of Myopia
    • Abstract: Elderman, Inez Eveline; Vukicevic, Meri
      In the last century there have been many studies into the factors that influence the progression of myopia. Genetics, exposure to light, intra ocular pressure, near work, stress, presence of esophoria, level of education and living environment are described as possible factors influencing myopia. Some studies 1-3 indicate that there is a possible connection between near work and myopia progression and other studies suggest that methods to delay myopia progression are negligible. The literature shows that it is impossible to measure the amount of influence each factor has on the progression of myopia as it is not possible to separate one individual factor from another. The exact mechanism that causes myopia progression is not known and there are no evidence based studies that document what the causes may be. Whilst it is known that genetics have an influence, it is also possible that reading and near work have influence on myopia. Thus, could the progression of myopia be delayed with treatment such as atropine and bifocals' The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors that may contribute to myopia progression as outlined in the literature and to consider, by comparing two key papers, whether the use of atropine and bifocals is effective treatment. In addition, important considerations from an orthoptic perspective are also described.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 41 Issue 1 - Searching AOJ Scientific Papers and Authors
    • Abstract: Georgievski, Zoran; Koklanis, Connie
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - Selected Abstracts from the 65th Annual Scientific
           Conference, Held in Melbourne, 23-26 November 2008
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - Functional Vision Assessment: Looking beyond Clinical
           Measures of Ocular Function
    • Abstract: Vukicevic, Meri
      Clinical measures of ocular function are commonly used by orthoptists in a variety of settings. However, investigation of functional vision is not often assessed nor quantified. This paper utilises three case reports to highlight the importance of investigating functional vision and describes the use of one such tool useful for this purpose.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - Are Clinical Measures Good Indicators of Performance
           of Daily Activities in Vision-impaired Children
    • Abstract: Dawson, Natalia; Fitzmaurice, Kerry
      Purpose: The aim of the study was to identify whether clinical measures of visual acuity and contrast sensitivity were good indicators of self-perceived performance of activities of daily living (ADL) tasks in vision-impaired school aged children. Methods: Clinical measures and performance of visual function were assessed in 22 participants (11 fully sighted and 11 vision-impaired children), aged 5 to 15 years. Distance acuity was assessed by LogMAR chart and contrast sensitivity was measured by Vistech grating contrast sensitivity. Additionally, colour vision was also assessed using Ishihara plates as a control. Performance of visual function was evaluated by completion of one of two modified Visual Acuity Questionnaires (VAQ). This questionnaire measured self-perceived level of difficulty in undertaking specified activities graded on a five-point Likert scale. Results of clinical measures were correlated against VAQ scores. Results: Vision impaired participants reported greater difficulty performing VAQ visual functions than sighted participants. There was an overall trend of a weak to moderate positive correlation between visual acuity and difficulty in performing daily activities measured on the VAQ and a weak to moderate negative correlation between contrast sensitivity and performing daily activities measured on the VAQ. Conclusion: Data from this study indicated that visual acuity and contrast sensitivity were weak indicators of general performance of visual function. Whilst this represents pilot data the trends demonstrated were similar to others reported in the literature. Further investigation should be undertaken in this domain of low vision, as many intervention programs are directed by clinical measures.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - The Specialised Orthoptic Role in Management of
           Contact Lens Use in Infants
    • Abstract: Sendelbeck, Stephanie; Brennan, Louise
      Contact lenses are a standard method of correcting aphakia during infancy. Aphakia in infancy occurs secondary to congenital cataracts, PHPV, ectopia lentis and some penetrating eye injuries. Contact lenses may also be used to correct high anisometropic refractive errors in infants. A retrospective review was carried out on patients attending the Eye Clinic at The Children's Hospital at Westmead who required contact lens correction over a seven year period from 2000 to 2007. This paper discusses specialised techniques related to the use of contact lenses in these infants and the orthoptists role in the management of patients with contact lenses.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - The Evolution of Colour Vision Testing
    • Abstract: French, Amanda; Rose, Kathryn; Cornell, Elaine; Thompson, Kathryn
      Colour vision testing forms an important part of the assessment of retinal pathology and congenital colour vision anomalies. Although the traditional Ishihara test and other pseudoisochromatic plates are relatively simple to use, some are not designed for the assessment of more complex acquired defects, and hue discrimination tests can be very time consuming to administer and analyse. This review outlines the theoretical development and historical evolution of colour vision tests, from the 19th until this early part of the 21st century. Based on these developments, speculation is made on how the tests will evolve in the future, with increasingly refined computer technology, and predicts that they will provide consistent and robust assessments of colour vision that will become routinely used in the clinical environment

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 2 - Looking for You, Looking for Us'
    • Abstract: Georgievski, Zoran; Koklanis, Connie
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 1 - Selected Abstracts from the OAA 64th Annual Scientific
           Conference, Held in Perth, 25 - 28 November 2007
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
  • Volume 40 Issue 1 - Suitability of Monovision Laser Correction in Patients
           with Ocular Motility Disorders
    • Abstract: Ta, Shih Shih
      This paper presents two cases which illustrate the importance of a pre-operative orthoptic examination in patients with ocular motility disorders considering monovision laser correction. The relative influence of the pre-operative orthoptic examination on the advice given to patients seeking monovision is discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:22 GMT
       
 
 
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