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Publisher: RMIT Publishing   (Total: 400 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 400 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aboriginal Child at School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Accounting, Accountability & Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACORN : The J. of Perioperative Nursing in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.103, h-index: 4)
Adelaide Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agenda: A J. of Policy Analysis and Reform     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.102, h-index: 8)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AIMA Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
AJP : The Australian J. of Pharmacy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, h-index: 5)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anglican Historical Society J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.101, h-index: 11)
ANZSLA Commentator, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Appita J.: J. of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.18, h-index: 27)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arena J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Art Monthly Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Artlink     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.672, h-index: 51)
Asia Pacific J. of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aurora J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Biotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 8)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Drama Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.101, h-index: 2)
Australasian Epidemiologist     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Historical Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian J. of Early Childhood     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.174, h-index: 1)
Australasian J. of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.115, h-index: 3)
Australasian J. of Human Security, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian J. of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian J. of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Law Management J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Leisure Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Musculoskeletal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Parks and Leisure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Plant Conservation: J. of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Public Libraries and Information Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian and New Zealand Continence J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Bookseller & Publisher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Bulletin of Labour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Canegrower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, h-index: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, h-index: 31)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.141, h-index: 6)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.252, h-index: 24)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Holstein J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Australian Intl. Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian J. of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.106, h-index: 3)
Australian J. of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.159, h-index: 7)
Australian J. of Advanced Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.225, h-index: 26)
Australian J. of Asian Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian J. of Cancer Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.17, h-index: 3)
Australian J. of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.401, h-index: 18)
Australian J. of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 5)
Australian J. of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.109, h-index: 7)
Australian J. of Language and Literacy, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.399, h-index: 9)
Australian J. of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian J. of Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.129, h-index: 4)
Australian J. of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.122, h-index: 5)
Australian J. of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J. of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian J. of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian J. of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J. of Social Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.178, h-index: 20)
Australian J. of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.296, h-index: 8)
Australian J. of Water Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.226, h-index: 9)
Australian J. on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian J.ism Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 2)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.1, h-index: 6)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Nursing J. : ANJ     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Orthoptic J.     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Tax Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Voice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bar News: The J. of the NSW Bar Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
BOCSAR NSW Alcohol Studies Bulletins     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bookseller + Publisher Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Breastfeeding Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.31, h-index: 19)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brolga: An Australian J. about Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.143, h-index: 10)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Childrenz Issues: J. of the Children's Issues Centre     Full-text available via subscription  
Chiropractic J. of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 3)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Commercial Law Quarterly: The J. of the Commercial Law Association of Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.567, h-index: 27)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Connect     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary PNG Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Context: J. of Music Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corporate Governance Law Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 1.737, h-index: 24)
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Dance Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
DANZ Quarterly: New Zealand Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Deakin Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Early Days: J. of the Royal Western Australian Historical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Early Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
EarthSong J.: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
East Asian Archives of Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 7)
Educare News: The National Newspaper for All Non-government Schools     Full-text available via subscription  
Educating Young Children: Learning and Teaching in the Early Childhood Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Education in Rural Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Research and Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Educational Research J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Electronic J. of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Employment Relations Record     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.19, h-index: 6)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Extempore     Full-text available via subscription  
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.259, h-index: 8)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Fijian Studies: A J. of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Health Professional Education : A Multi-disciplinary J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fourth World J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontline     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gambling Research: J. of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gay and Lesbian Law J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Gender Impact Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geographical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gestalt J. of Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Government News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Great Circle: J. of the Australian Association for Maritime History, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Grief Matters : The Australian J. of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
He Puna Korero: J. of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion J. of Australia : Official J. of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.606, h-index: 19)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Heritage Matters : The Magazine for New Zealanders Restoring, Preserving and Enjoying Our Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
High Court Quarterly Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
History of Economics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
HIV Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
HLA News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hong Kong J. of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.173, h-index: 7)
Idiom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Impact     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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Inside Film: If     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
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Instyle     Full-text available via subscription  
Intellectual Disability Australasia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Interaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Intl. J. of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Appita Journal: Journal of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry
  [SJR: 0.18]   [H-I: 27]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1038-6807
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Australian Paper announces a major feasibility study
           for the Latrobe Valley
    • Abstract:
      An innovative project to convert household waste into energy at the Australian Paper mill in the Latrobe Valley has received backing from the Australian and Victorian Governments.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Innovations for water and fibre recovery
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - BioPRIA's ARC BioPRIA's ARC research grant success
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - ALGAS uses a Microfilter to upgrade process water from
           a conventional flotation plant
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Monash University Dean's award for excellence in
           research
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Cartonboard concentration acquisitions tighten local
           market
    • Abstract: Woods, Tim
      Cartonboard, the material used to make cereal boxes, six packs of boutique beers, long-life milk and juices, encase pharmaceuticals and high-end products like new phones and tablets is the latest fibre packaging sector to go through rationalisation and consolidation. The exercise has been underway for at least two years, and it may not be done yet.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Across the desk
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - The rise and rise of bio-refineries
    • Abstract: Allan, Russell
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Influence of fibre morphology on paper properties
    • Abstract: Watson, AJ; Dadswell, HE
      Investigations have been made on the influence of fibre length on paper strength, the experiments being designed to isolate the effect of fibre length from that of other morphological and chemical factors.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - The characterization of biobased latex dispersions by
           serum replacement
    • Abstract: Shin, Jae Y; Lee, Do Ik; Fleming, Paul D
      This paper builds upon the findings of previous work on the rheological properties and dynamic water retention properties of starch latex-containing coating colours. The previous work showed that the rheological performance of starch latex and dynamic water retention of starch latex are different from conventional cooked coating starches. In this paper, the basic nature of water-swollen starch nanoparticles and their colloidal behaviour are investigated using serum replacement.

      Serum replacement experiments showed that starch latexes are complex systems of particles and a minor fraction of soluble polymers. Increasing the degree of crosslinking decreased the soluble fraction and lowered the dispersion viscosity. Coatings applied using a cylindrical laboratory coater showed the plasticity of SB latexes acted as a lubricant during calendering and aided to improve gloss. Crosslinked biobased latexes and hydroxyethylated starch (graft polymers) improved water retention, but the use of low crosslinked Bio-A was found to lower gloss.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - 2017 calendar
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Classifieds
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Fibre Value Chain 2017 conference
    • PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Procurement can be led by the Australian Government
    • Abstract: Matthew, Gavin
      Commonwealth Procurement Rules (CPR) are the fundamental rule book for all Federal Government procurements of goods and services, and govern the way in which departments undertake their procurement processes - so are crucial in Government procurement decisions.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - International Standards Organisation 14001:2015
           September 2018 deadline
    • Abstract: Wilkes, Rohan
      The International Standards Organisation Environmental Standard ISO 14001:2015 plays an important role in the standardisation of the approach to environment management for many businesses and adopted by many businesses in the region and across the world. The standard was substantially updated in 2015 with a number of changes that broaden the focus of the standard; a number of new terms are introduced including the terms scope and context. There has also been a significant effort to align the safety, quality and environmental standard enabling more streamlined implementation and auditing of the standard. This article briefly introduces some key terms associated with the new standard.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - APCEL strengthens market position through acquisition
           of PMT S.R.L. Italy and GapCon tissue
    • Abstract: Smith, James; Canelli, Valter
      PAPCEL, the Czech supplier of complete paper machines, bought the assets of the Italian company PMT Italia S.p.A. This follows PAPCEL'S recent acquisition of GapCon tissue S.r.l. at the end of 2016.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Pulper rebuild in Papeterie Zuber Rieder, France
    • Abstract:
      "The success of the project was based on the smooth cooperation between GL and V's experts and Zuber Rieder's project personnel. Our earlier experiences with GL and V also served as a foundation for the success of the project. We are extremely happy with the outcome," states Guillaume Couval, who is responsible for the mill's maintenance and projects.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Manildra Group celebrates a 65-year history
    • Abstract:
      This year 100 per cent Australian-owned Manildra Group celebrates a 65-year history in Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Visy chairman Anthony Pratt announces $2 billion
           investment program to create 5000 jobs
    • Abstract: Pratt, Anthony
      Visy Chairman, Anthony Pratt announces a $2 billion investment program to create an additional 5000 Australian manufacturing jobs over the next 10 years.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Efficacy of different commercial cellulases to improve
           reactivity of mixed hardwood kraft pulp
    • Abstract: Kaur, Prabhjot; Bhardwaj, Nishi K; Sharma, Jitender
      The reactivity of cellulose is a significant and multifaceted characteristic of dissolving pulp. Conversion of paper grade pulp to dissolving pulp has emerged as an exciting area of research due to its increasing demand. Once hemicelluloses have been reduced to the desired levels, the reactivity can be enhanced by subjecting the pulp to cellulase treatment. Thus, different commercial cellulases at two different dosages of 100 g/t and 1000 g/t at o.d. pulp basis were evaluated for their efficiency to enhance the Fock reactivity of mixed hardwood kraft pulp. The effect on other properties was also investigated. At the highest dosage of all the enzymes, chain scission was increased. However, the extent of chain scission was different for different cellulases. SEM, FTIR and XRD analyses were also conducted to understand the effect of cellulase treatment on cellulosic pulps at a molecular level.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Handsheet property prediction from kraft-fibre and
           wood-tracheid properties in eleven radiata pine clones
    • Abstract: Kibblewhite, RPaul; Evans, Robert; Riddell, Mark JC
      There is a prevailing need for non destructive methods to measure wood tracheid properties in standing trees so that large numbers of trees can be screened for their tracheid and potential kraft pulp properties. This report describes handsheet property predictability using kraft fibre, and whole-tree and breast-height tracheid dimension data. The predictions of handsheet properties were evaluated using eleven 16 year old clones of radiata pine; two trees per clone.

      Handsheet apparent density, and tensile, tear and burst strength, are predictable from the kraft fibre or wood tracheid (both whole-tree and breastheight) wall thickness and perimeter, and kraft fibre length combination. Other useful handsheet property predictors are the fibre or tracheid perimeter:wall thickness ratio and fibre length combination, and the chip or wood basic density and fibre length combinations. The kraft fibre width.thickness ratio is by itself a good predictor of handsheet properties. Fibre coarseness is a poor predictor of handsheet properties.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 3 - Rapid measurement of variation in tracheid transverse
           dimensions in a radiata pine tree
    • Abstract: Evans, Robert; Downes, Geoffrey; Menz, David; Stringer, Sharee
      Variation in tracheid cross-section dimensions has been mapped in a 19 year old radiata pine tree. An instrument recently developed lor the rapid estimation of transverse tracheid dimensions was used for the analysis. Sixty radii (four directions at each of fifteen heights) were processed. Variation was mapped for properties important to the pulp and paper industry: wood density, tracheid perimeter, coarseness and wall thickness.

      In this tree, coarseness, wall thickness and density trends were approximately linear from pith to bark, and the rate of rise was similar at all sampling heights. As a result, variation of these properties in the tree was approximately cylindrically symmetric. Average coarseness, density and wall thickness fell by 25% from the 0.8 metre level to the 20 metre level in the tree. Average tracheid perimeter was almost independent of sampling height. At breast height, coarseness rose by 86% from pith to bark (350 to 650 fig m around'), density rose by 45% (380 to 550 kg m around 3) and wall thickness by 57% (2.1 to 3.3 /im). Unweighted breast height core properties for this tree were similar to volume-weighted whole tree properties above breast height.

      Correlations between properties such as coarseness and wall thickness were strong when ring averages or trends were considered, but poor within individual tree rings. Understanding of the mechanisms of short term regulation of tracheid properties should allow increased selectivity in the silvicultural and genetic control of individual properties.

      PubDate: Thu, 30 Nov 2017 16:55:41 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Classifieds
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - 2017 calendar
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Importance of preflocculated Precipitated Calcium
           Carbonate (PCC) floc size on paper strength
    • Abstract: Li, Tao; Zhang, Meiyun; Song, Shunxi
      Filler preflocculation is a practical method for increasing filler loading/retention into a cellulose fibre network while minimizing the loss in paper physical strength due to the filler addition. A critical parameter for the filler preflocculation process is the filler floc size. In this study the preflocculation of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) by using cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) was investigated and different floc sizes were obtained by subjecting the suspension to different shear forces using different stirring speeds of 200 to 500 rpm. The preflocculated fillers with different floc sizes were then added to pulp furnishes and handsheets were prepared. Subsequently the ash contents and paper physical properties were determined. Results showed that the size of the filler flocs had a significant influence on the physical properties of the resultant cellulose paper. Noticeably, the stirring speed of 300 rpm gave the best floc size, 15 to 18 mum, to produce the best physical properties.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - A new alkaline pulping process
    • Abstract: Farrington, A; Nelson, PF; Vanderhoek, N
      Alkaline pulping was initially practised by heating lignocellulosic material with sodium hydroxide as the cooking chemical. A major improvement was made when sodium sulphide was added to the pulping liquor. This modification became known as the kraft process which rapidly became the dominant alkaline pulping process because of its ability to produce much higher quality pulps from a wide range of raw materials including softwoods. The presence of sulphide in the pulping liquor caused significant environmental issues because of the formation of malodorous gases and its replacement in the liquor would be a major advance

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Chemimechanical and thermomechanical pulps of radiata
           pine slabwood and corewood. Part 1: Pulp properties
    • Abstract: Corson, SR; Richardson, JD
      Radiata pine was established in NZ over 100 years ago to provide a wood resource to replace the diminishing supply of native timbers. However to make full use of the tree, a paper industry was established to process wood residues into a range of valuable products, ranging from newsprint to tissue papers to packaging grades. To do this effectively, with what has been termed a jack-of-all trades species, has been a huge technical challenge for the Australasian industry.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Some basic aspects of NSSC pulping
    • Abstract: Higgins, HG; Michell, AJ; Watson, AJ
      NSSC pulping was introduced in Australia in the early 1960s and reports were published by personnel from Australian Paper Manufacturers Ltd in the Appita Journal of 1964. Whereas other pulping methods were first investigated in the Commonwealth Government laboratories (CSIR) and then translated to industry the NSSC method had already been adopted when the authors of this paper - Higgins, Michell and Watson - carried out this experimental work. Their work is emblematic of the strong input of researchers from CSIRO over the greater part of the lifetime of our association, up to the recent sad demise of the Forest Products Laboratory. While they represent only a small part of the team active in the 1960s, these three authors typify the contribution of this group. Between them they published over 300 papers with many of these in the Appita Journal.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Chitosan as wet-end additive for papermaking using
           mixed hardwood pulp
    • Abstract: Bhardwaj, Shubhang; Bhardwaj, Nishi K; Negi, Yuvraj S
      This paper explores the effect of addition of cationic starch and chitosan separately and in combination on some of the important paper properties of mixed hardwood pulp. By adding cationic starch at 5 kg/t, the increase in strength properties was less than that obtained with the addition of chitosan at 0.5 kg/t, while both produced 17-18% ash. At that same ash level, the improvement in strength properties was further increased when both cationic starch and chitosan were used together as strength additives. The results conclude that chitosan is a better strength additive than cationic starch at the same ash level. FTIR analysis was also undertaken to explore the modifications that occurred in the paper after addition of cationic starch, chitosan, and other wet-end additives. The results showed increased hydrogen bonding occurred with the addition of chitosan.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - The challenge of the Eucalypts
    • Abstract: Benjamin, LR
      This paper by LR Benjamin describes the birth of the pulp and paper Industry in Australia. It is a significant paper because of the history that it documents. The paper was presented by Benjamin at the 13th Appita Annual General Conference and in it he tells the story of his own early career and the events leading to the formation of three major pulp and paper companies in Australia, namely APPM, APM and ANM and the pulp and paper mills at Burnie, Boyer and Maryvale. He traces events from 1918 when he first started working with eucalypt pulp research through to the time the paper was presented in 1959. In the paper he describes the trials and tribulations that he and other early pioneers in the industry faced.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Update on the commonwealth government carbon safeguard
           mechanism - Australian Paper
    • Abstract: Wilkes, Rohan
      This first year evaluation found that Australian Paper does not have any additional statutory reporting obligations under the Safeguard Mechanism on carbon emissions beyond its current reporting requirement under the NGER scheme, but it does have an obligation to ensure that greenhouse emissions from the Mill do not exceed a prescribed emissions baseline.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Change of cleaners to improve quality and reliability
    • Abstract: Covey, Geoff
      The relative merits of canister and modular centrifugal cleaners are discussed. The differences are illustrated by a case-study of a pulp mill changing from the former to the latter and the issues involved in re-using redundant equipment.

      Replacement of difficult to clean canister centrifugal cleaners by modular units resulted in consistently better product and reduced maintenance costs.

      The expense of providing a new operating area for the larger foot-print modular units was more than offset by the savings from re-using redundant equipment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Bark: Opportunities for an underutilised resource
    • Abstract: Bridson, Jamie
      Large quantities of bark are produced during the harvesting and processing of Pinus radiata In New Zealand. A considerable portion of this bark is removed with mechanical harvesting in the forest, with the remainder removed during handling and debarking operations at mill or port locations. At the moment, the bark is either left in the cutover or used in low value, high volume applications such as hog fuel, landscaping or horticultural media. The challenge is to extract greater value from this increasing and underutilised resource.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Anthony Johnson named TAPPI fellow for 2017
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Early history of the Australian paper industry - John
           Hutchison (c1782 - 1820)
    • Abstract: Romanov-Hughes, Alexander
      Alexander Romanov-Hughes takes us on an historical journey to one of the earliest experimenters, entrepreneurs and paper makers in Australia. In celebrating Appita's 70th year it is fitting we pay our respects to one of the pioneers in our industry.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Across the desk
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Einstein was right - energy is everything
    • Abstract: Allan, Russell
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Flexo by name, flexible by nature: Printing functional
           coatings and graphics
    • Abstract: Mesic, Behudin; Sherman, Lou O
      Well designed product packaging fulfills many roles including protecting products as they pass through the distribution system, identifying and promoting the product and informing consumers at the point of sale. Adding graphics and text to packaging materials is one essential element of successful packaging design. Through pictures and printed information, consumers obtain information about how products are manufactured, correct storage and usage and the potential benefits resulting from their use. Another relatively simple way to increase the performance of packaging products, and open up the possibilities for innovative packaging solutions, is the addition of functional coatings.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Energy matters for future of Australian manufacturing
    • Abstract: Woods, Tim
      Rising energy costs and poorly aligned energy policies are threatening the future of Australia's pulp and paper industry. Although it is not alone in facing a threat to its existence from the latest energy price rises and supply challenges, the pulp and paper manufacturing industry is different to many industries.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Energy crisis and why renewable heat counts!
    • Abstract: Matthew, Gavin
      We all know that our industries, like much of the manufacturing sector, are significant energy users. We have experienced no or low price rises for our renewable products for many years coupled with increasing quality and performance demands. While encouragingly industry has been able to contain many operational costs through increased efficiency, scale and competitive sourcing of raw material inputs, it is unable to control many import costs including energy and energy distribution.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Visy's new COO looks to "A better world"
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - New roll cleaning technology for a wide range of
           applications
    • Abstract:
      Kadant has developed and patented roll cleaning solutions for 80 years. During this time, the company developed a wide range of blades for a variety of roll surfaces. Today, the latest roll cleaning technologies feature various pad materials for cleaning and conditioning roll surfaces.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 2 - Hazardous area classifications using computational
           fluid dynamic modelling
    • Abstract: Pugh, David; Bosauder, Paul; Parnell, Mathew
      The Chlor-Alkali Plant operated by Oji Fibre Solutions (Oji FS) Tasman Mill produces hydrogen, chlorine and caustic. Hydrogen is of concern because it is explosive at concentrations greater than 4% by volume in air. To mitigate the risk of an explosion, New Zealand legislation mandates the use of standard AS/NZS 60079.10.1 Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres to determine areas where specialist explosion protected (Ex rated) equipment must be installed to control any potential ignition sources. The installation and maintenance of this equipment is expensive. The existing hazardous area classification was thought to be overly conservative and encompassed non-Ex protected equipment. A numerical technique called Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to simulate the dispersion of hydrogen inside the plant building. This allowed engineers to visualise hydrogen concentrations within the building, more accurately define the hazardous areas, and make better decisions about where to install specialist Ex equipment. The savings to Oji FS has been estimated in the range of NZD 350-500,000.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Compression and stacking strength of corrugated
           fibreboard containers
    • Abstract: Stott, RA
      Australia and New Zealand have produced some of the most innovative research specialists on packaging paper s, both in the government and private sectors. One of the first specialists in corrugated box research was Ron Stott (1920-2004). Ron joined Appita in 1956 not long after he joined Australian Paper Manufacturers in 1955 as a Sales Research Officer in the Research Division, (After many company re-organisations and spin-offs that group is today part of Orora).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - A review of Australian R and D into corrugated box
           performance and the evolution of on-machine measurement of Ring Crush
    • Abstract: Bennett, PG; Allan, R
      In this paper, two of the industry's outstanding industrial researchers, Pedter Bennett and Russell Allan, both LR Benjamin Medal winners, were able to recount their stories, putting into context their lifetime work, which had at times been hidden from open publication. Although it primarily discusses efforts in an Australian company, their experiences, their successes (and failures) could equally be found in New Zealand.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Monitoring dissolved COD in a pulp mill wastewater
           treatment plant by measuring total dissolved solids with a refractometer
    • Abstract: Toivakainen, Sakari; Kopra, Riku; Hannukainen, Heikki; Laukkanen, Timo; Dahl, Olli
      The measurement of total dissolved solids (TDS) and its correlation to dissolved chemical oxygen demand (DCOD) in different kraft pulp mill wastewater solutions was studied at laboratory scale with an online refractometer. The study concluded that TDS can be measured successfully at a kraft pulp mill wastewater treatment plant in spite of suspended solids such as fibres or biosludge. The correlation between DCOD and refractometer measured TDS was very strong. The estimated ratio between the changes in DCOD and in TDS for lignin solutions was 1.81 to 1.85 and for kraft pulp mill wastewater 1.13 to 1.29. Accordingly the removal of DCOD in a plug flow aeration basin of an activated sludge process could be monitored with refractometer TDS measurements.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Groundhog day': Prime Minister Turnbull you forgot
           bioenergy again!
    • Abstract: Hampton, Ross
      It's Groundhog Day for our sustainable forest product industries. Again, the significant potential of bioenergy sourced from renewable woody biomass, including the recognition of industrial heat, is being ignored in energy policy development.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Maximising starch benefit on the paper machine
    • Abstract: Williams, Roland; Allan, Russell
      Starch addition makes an important contribution to the strength properties of recycled fibre sheets or papers that have some fraction of their makeup using recycled fibre. Many properties are enhanced by the addition of wet end, sprayed, size press, or more recently speed sizer starch. However, the effect of starch is dependent upon the property being sought, the through-thickness profile (where the starch ultimately resides), the quality of the fibre mix and, in the case of cationic wet end starch, the anionic activity existing in the machine approach system. Often, the results of paper machine trials where improvements in quality are sought from starch addition, give unreliable or inconsistent results confounding the decision making process.

      As starch can be an important cost component in developing paper strengths it is necessary to ensure that the maximum performance is developed from the starch used. A powerful approach for evaluating the likely effect of starch addition to various fibre types and the ultimate strength performance of the sheet has been developed. The method allows component costs to be associated with specific grade designs and, where flexibility in fibre sources are available, allows optimal performance/cost designs to be obtained. In some cases large benefits can be identified in terms of developing paper property while lowering cost.

      Interestingly, for some sought after properties, the lowest price for a given performance occurs by using starch to enhance a heavier, but lower quality, base sheet.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Opportunities in emerging bioproducts
    • Abstract: Poikolainen, Henna; Nieminen, Juha-Erkki; Welsford, John
      Following the increase in digitalisation and decline in graphic paper markets, the pulp and paper industry is searching for new product opportunities. Today's modern pulp mills are already maximising the sales of renewable energy and introducing new processes such as bark gasification. Many companies are preparing future production concepts where pulp mills are becoming integrated biorefineries producing multiple value-added products from biomass. Some of the hottest bioproducts today include lignin, nanocellulose, liquid biofuels and biobased chemicals.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Plastics and paper in contact with foodstuffs
    • Abstract: Woollacott, Steven
      Over 200 food contact professionals gathered in Brussels, Belgium last December for a 360 degree view of the food contact landscape - from ongoing challenges and developments through to regulatory processes in Europe and beyond. The conference saw a multitude of delegates come together to network with fellow food contact industry professionals and gain insights into new ideas, ways to innovate, cut costs and stay ahead of the competition whilst remaining compliant despite the ongoing legislative changes and unclear regulations in different countries. Attendees to the conference included Kimberley Clark, Nestle, United Biscuits, Innovia Films, Billerudkorsn s, Stora Enso, Clariant, Elopak, Tata Global Beverages and many more.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Food contact materials: A cause for concern in the
           pulp and paper industry'
    • Abstract: Jones, Oliver
      Paper and board based products are found as packaging in numerous food industries including horticulture, dairy, meat, beverage, grain and cereal. In recent years there has been increasing concern from regulators and, to a lesser extent, the public that substances could migrate from packaging into food, where they have the potential to be ingested and to potentially form new compounds that are not tested for (or in some cases even known about). Should this be a concern'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - 2017 - Quo Vadis': Gil Garnier asks where is our
           industry going'
    • Abstract: Garnier, Gil
      2017. This year marks the 70th anniversary of our association - Appita. This noble milestone calls for an overview of our industry: where are we and where are we making progress as a sustainable industry'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Riding the wave: 5 key stages for a successful
           transition in the paper sector
    • Abstract: Moore, Graham
      In this white paper by Graham Moore, reproduced from a Smithers Pira article, a 'road map' of the 5 key stages necessary for a paper business to move forward into new markets and products is outlined. Undertaking such a move ultimately differentiates the winners (those companies who view the market changes as opportunities) and the losers (those who feel threatened and carry on regardless).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - EPA enquiry update: Australian paper
    • Abstract: Wilkes, Rohan
      In May 2015, the Minister for Environment, Climate Change and Water appointed a Ministerial Advisory Committee to undertake an independent Inquiry into the Environment Protection Authority (EPA). The Inquiry examined the EPA's role, powers, governance and funding, and tools. The Inquiry commenced on 1 June 2015 and concluded on the 31st March 2016 when the Ministerial Advisory Committee delivered their report to the Minister for Environment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Increasing bearing service life in rope sheave
           applications
    • Abstract: Philippe, Gachet
      Both paper mills and SKF focus heavily on the main bearing applications such as press rolls, suctions rolls and heated cylinders. These are critical applications where maintenance is often time-consuming and costly.

      In contrast, other bearing applications like rope sheaves are sometimes considered to be of rather low importance because spare parts are comparatively cheap and can be replaced easily. Nevertheless, incidents can happen that put these applications firmly on the maintenance staff and mill management agenda.

      This happened in 2001 when Stora Enso Kvarnsveden approached SKF in Sweden about a problem they had experienced with a rope sheave in the dryer section. A bearing failure on it led to the sheave dropping six metres and narrowly missing one of the mill staff.

      SKF studied the sheave design and concluded that bearing service life could be dramatically increased using existing technology and knowledge.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Classifieds
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - 2017 Calendar
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Influences of the characteristics of printing inks on
           the effects of blister packaging
    • Abstract: He, Zhiheng; Chen, Gang; Wang, Qinwen; Chen, Chen
      In terms of the characteristics of printing inks, this study investigated the influences of the viscosity and drying rate of printing inks on the picking velocity of paper and the ultimate effects of blister packaging. Experimental results showed that both the viscosity and drying rate of printing inks exerted great influences on the picking velocity of paper and the peeling strength on blister packaging. When the viscosity of printing inks was decreased, the picking velocity of the paper increased, while the peeling strength was gradually increased. When printing inks were dried more quickly, the picking velocity of the paper was decreased and the peeling strength required for blister packaging was gradually weakened. In addition, the picking velocity of paper presented a good linear correlation to its peeling strength required for blister packaging with the correlation coefficient reaching over 0.966. Therefore, while producing paper for blister packaging, high-quality blister packaging materials can be acquired by adjusting the picking velocity of the paper.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Conditions of relative humidity and temperature for
           paper testing in Australia
    • Abstract: Nadebaum, OO
      The properties of paper are sensitive to moisture content. This, in turn, depends on the relative humidity of the surrounding atmosphere and the paper's moisture history. For these reasons quality control testing of paper has been carried out in controlled atmospheric conditions. Australia and New Zealand through Appita's involvement with the testing standards committees of the world, to this day with ISO Technical Committee TC 6, have always played a major role in setting these standards.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Welcome to the technium
    • Abstract: Allan, Russell
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Across the desk
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Celebrating 70 years
    • Abstract: Elice-Invaso, Adele
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Trade trumped by rising economic nationalism
    • Abstract: Woods, Tim
      Donald Trump's ascendancy to the office of US President heralds a period of unparalleled uncertainty. That statement may prove to be one of the great under-statements, of course, and while the most significant implications of President Trumps' administration - at least to date - are social and cultural, there are also major economic considerations at play.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Without boundaries
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 70 Issue 1 - Doctoring tips from the experts
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Study of radial variation in anatomical
           characteristics of three native fast-growing tree species of a secondary
           forest in South Kalimantan for evaluation as pulpwood
    • Abstract: Istikowati, Wiwin Tyas; Aiso, Haruna; Ishiguri, Futoshi; Sutiya, Budi; Ohshima, Jyunichi; Iizuka, Kazuya; Yokota, Shinso
      The anatomical characteristics of terap ('Artocarpus elasticus'), medang ('Neolitsea latifolia') and balik angin ('Alphitonia excelsa') were studied to identify new pulpwood resources among lesser-known species native to Indonesia. The mean values of fibre and vessel element lengths were 1.55 and 0.42 mm in terap, 1.21 and 0.56 mm in medang and 1.14 and 0.52 mm in balik angin. The mean proportions of vessel, fibre, ray parenchyma, axial parenchyma and cell wall were 10.5%, 48.5%, 18.3%, 22.7% and 45.4% in terap, 21.6%, 49.7%, 13.8%, 14.9% and 50.5% in medang and 15.6%, 67.7%, 10.3%, 6.4% and 46.4% in balik angin. The anatomical characteristics of the three species were similar to those of fast-growing tree species used as pulpwood. Fibre diameter and cell wall percentage were significantly correlated with basic density in all species, indicating that diameter of wood fibre and cell wall percentages affect basic density values of all three woods.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Interstage fractionation and low consistency refining
           for TMP. Part 1: Energy consumption and pulp properties
    • Abstract: Lemrini, My-Mustapha; Lanouette, Robert; Michaud, Gaston
      The impact of an interstage fractionation followed by a low consistency refining (LCR) stage prior to a high consistency refining (HCR) was studied. We present the resulting energy consumption and pulp property changes when different energy input ratios (energy at LCR/energy at HCR) are applied to the long fibre fraction obtained at the interstage screening.

      Three basic processes were studied: (1) a high consistency (HC) refining, (2) a low consistency (LC) refining, and (3) fractionation followed by an LCR stage and an HCR stage in series applied to the long fibre fraction, and recombination. We applied different energy levels to the long fibre fraction, from 100% of the secondary stage refining energy at LC and 0% at HC to 0% applied at LC and 100% at HC, as well as three intermediate ratios of the energy applied at LC. Properties were altered when excessive energy was transferred to the LCR. Adjustment of the LCR/HCR ratio prevented large losses in terms of tensile and tear strength. For 17 to 29% energy savings (to reach 100 CSF), the loss in tensile increased from 6 to 9%, whereas the tear changed insignificantly. Fractionation is significant in altering the energy-pulp property relationship, except in the case of tensile strength. Overall these results demonstrate that there is a considerable range of options for reducing the energy input while maintaining the quality of the final pulp through the use of fractionation and a combination of low and high consistency processes.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Weighted averages and distributions of fibre
           characteristics of mechanical pulps Part II: Distributions of measured and
           predicted fibre characteristics using raw data from an optical fibre
           analyser
    • Abstract: Osterling, SReyier; Ferritsius, O; Ferritsius, R; Johansson, CA; Stangmyr, J
      Characterisation of fibres in mechanical pulps is important for process evaluation and control, and necessary to be able to optimise the refining process with respect to the total electric energy consumption. There are large variations of cross-sectional fibre characteristics in the wood raw material which influence the properties of the product. Despite this, it is common to evaluate the fibre characteristics as averages instead of distributions. This study shows that the raw data from a FiberLab analyser can be used to make distributions of measured and predicted fibre characteristics. The factor BIN (Bonding ability INfluence), which correlates to long fibre tensile index, includes both the external fibrillation and wall thickness of each fibre. Distributions of BIN, fibrillation and wall thickness which take the characteristics of each fibre into consideration have higher resolution than histograms. These distributions weighted by length and wall volume with maintained resolution revealed more information about the pulps than average values.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Optical brightening agent quenching effect in furnish
           containing high-yield pulp
    • Abstract: Liu, Hongbin; Li, Chuanyou; Wang, Lijuan; Peng, Jinyong; Chen, Cui
      The use of optical brightening agent (OBA) and High-yield Pulp (HYP) in fine paper production is driven by enhanced brightness requirements and reduced manufacturing cost. Due to the fact that HYP contains high amount of lignin, the OBA quenching effect, defined as the decrease in the OBA brightening efficiency due to the presence of lignin in the HYP-containing furnish is a concern. The OBA brightening in pulp furnish containing HYP, together with wet end chemicals (PEI, CPAM, APAM, cationic starch) and fillers (PCC or GCC), were investigated. It was found that the OBA brightening efficiency decreased with increased HYP content in the furnish. Polyethylenimine (PEI) had the most noticeable negative effect on the OBA brightening efficiency. PCC filler produced greater brightness gain than GCC filler at the same OBA dosage.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Integration of electrolysis to produce hydrogen and
           oxygen in a pulp mill process
    • Abstract: Kuparinen, Katja; Vakkilainen, Esa; Ryder, Peter
      The pulp and paper industry faces demand for totally carbon free production. Due to local conditions, there are challenges to sell produced additional electricity. A novel way, generating hydrogen and oxygen through the electrolysis of water can decarbonize the largest fossil carbon dioxide producing equipment, the lime kiln. The oxygen produced can be used for generation of bleaching chemicals, and also for effluent treatment. The operation and capacity of the recovery boiler can be improved by oxygen use. Using excess electricity of a typical, large South-American pulp mill, 73% of the heat demand of the lime kiln can be covered with hydrogen and the produced amount of oxygen exceeds the mill's oxygen requirement. The profitability of the integration depends on the other possible uses for electricity. When sales price for electricity is low or purchased oil price is high electrolysis can decrease the operating costs of a modern pulp mill.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - 2016 calendar
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Products and services directory
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Opening doors to new opportunity
    • Abstract: Allan, Russell
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Products, markets and opportunities that show promise
    • Abstract: Woods, Tim
      No one needs a reminder that the pulp and paper business is tough, so, Appita asked the IndustryEdge team where they believe, based on all they have seen over the last year, the best opportunities lie.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - A celebration of 75 years at Boyer Mill
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - How sonic ZD measurements can optimise the paper
           machine
    • Abstract: Allan, RJ
      In-plane sonic measurements have been used for many years to determine fibre orientation and more recently to predict some traditional paper properties like ring crush, SCT and burst. Due to the complexity of the measurement, zd sonic stiffness measurements have not been introduced as a main stream measurement within the paper industry. Despite this, the measurement is a valuable adjunct to the usual paper laboratory testing. Because of the zd sonic test's strong relationship with bonding in the paper sheet it can be used to sensitively reflect paper machine treatments or processes that develop or hinder paper property development. The measurement is useful in identifying issues with and optimising paper machine processes like forming, pressing, starch, calendering and draw settings. This paper describes how the measurement has been used to gather information on the paper machine regarding process effects on paper performance. In many cases the technique delivers insights into paper performance that are not available from traditional testing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - 2015 Fibre Value Chain conference and expo
    • Abstract: Ponter, Jenny
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Why be passionate about safety'
    • Abstract: Coleiro, Sonny
      Why be passionate about safety' What an excellent question! And let's face it, not everyone is passionate about safety. For many people, it seems that thinking about safety is an imposition. I'll try and explain why I am passionate about safety and in doing so, why I believe everyone should be too.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - M3 WIS replacement project: Practical experiences
           using Procemex Twin system
    • Abstract: Ryan, Kevin; McNamara, Chris
      Maryvale M3 is an 80,000 tonne per annum fine paper machine producing mainly uncoated wood free copy and printing grades. In June/July 2012, M3 experienced a sudden increase in the number of customer's complaints about starch debris in the sheet.

      Immediate actions were taken to resolve/mitigate the issue but one particular concern was that starch debris reported by the customers had not been detected or recorded by the Web Inspection System (WIS) at the time of manufacture and going forward, would most likely fail to report any possible re-occurrence. Testing confirmed that the WIS was not detecting the starch related debris. This situation was unacceptable and a solution was required.

      The M3 Measurex system installed in 1998 was obsolete, leaving little option but to replace the WIS system.

      Samples of starch debris were provided to a number of potential suppliers of Web Inspection systems. All the WIS suppliers were able to detect the presence of the defects in the paper but it was immediately obvious that images taken of the starch deposits were highly variable; some were dark like dirt while others were almost transparent. This meant that detecting the defect would be easy; but classifying the defect correctly would be very difficult.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Circa technology
    • Abstract: Duncan, Tony
      The recent announcement of FC5, the joint venture between Circa and Norske Skog, to scale up Circa's Furacell technology is already delivering benefits for the venture partners - and Tasmania.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Recycled returns for Australian Paper
    • Abstract:
      Australian Paper's Make it Australian Recycled campaign took centre stage during National Recycling Week in November promoting the importance of choosing Australian made recycled paper and how individuals and businesses can close the local recycling loop.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Wastewater system constraints and modelling
    • Abstract: Wilks, Rohan
      Plant surveys and process modelling have been undertaken to characterise the wastewater system at Australian Paper Maryvale. A biological survey has been undertaken to understand the underlying biology and a model has been developed to track key nutrients throughout the process. The model includes the transfer of components between the dissolved liquid phase and the solid phase. The model includes clarifier separation efficiency, aerobic generation of biomass and transfer of nutrients between sediments and the active part of the process.

      The process model has been developed through sampling and analysis of liquid phase and solid phase components for each parameter. The model enables assessment of EPA licence compliance under different operating conditions, and provides a reference to identify changes in the underlying biology.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Value creation forests to nanocrystals
    • Abstract: Sorenson, Don
      The forest products business is a mature industry with its products well established in the global marketplace. The challenges to existing business come from several directions. Growth in scale of production renders smaller, older facilities less competitive. New process technology is a similar challenge... better efficiency, better product performance. Likewise, regulations drive change.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Across the desk
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Bio-products symposium: A delegate's experience from
           the 2015 Fibre Value Chain Conference, Melbourne
    • Abstract: Demetrious, Alexis
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Conference Mill Tour
    • Abstract: Ponter, Jenny
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Thank you from Appita
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - Fellows 2015
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 1 - 2015 Appita awards
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Interstage fractionation and low consistency refining
           for TMP. Part 2: Fibre development
    • Abstract: Lemrini, My-Mustapha; Lanouette, Robert; Michaud, Gaston
      The primary aim was to study a variation in TMP manufacture, in which an interstage fractionation followed by low consistency refining (LCR) and high consistency refining (HCR) in series for different percentage of LCR, is applied to the long fibre fraction. Both consistency of refining and fractionation (together with refining of the LF fraction) lead to important differences in terms of fibre development. The decreases in coarseness alone cannot explain the bonding improvement observed. As little delaminated surface is believed to be available, this observation suggests that observed improvements in the tensile index, are most probably due to the changes in the microstructure of the fibre itself (such as cracks in the wall or internal delamination). These microstructure changes increase fibre flexibility and therefore develop the bonding area.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - 2016 calendar
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Products and services directory
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Sampling, analysis and the determination of the source
           of contaminants causing hickeys on newsprint
    • Abstract: Heier, Deanne; Parsons, Tony; Grubb, Meegan
      A major customer of Norske Skog (the Customer) had a severe outbreak of hickeys at one of their pressrooms (Site A) which became a significant issue in April 2013. Initially, newsprint from the Albury Mill (NSW, Australia) was the primary focus of the investigation, as contaminants from the recycled fibre (RCF) process have been known to cause hickeys in the past. Process changes at the Mill around that period were investigated while extensive sampling and analysis was carried out to attempt to understand the issue.

      Samples of material causing the hickeys as well as reference material from the Mill and pressrooms were analysed by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The sampling encompassed other Customer pressrooms as well as Site A to determine the extent of the issue. Intensive sampling led to a clear result, that there were three major types of material causing the hickeys. These were solidified ink particles, pieces of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE or Teflon) and a 'plastic-like' material that could not be identified.

      The 'plastic-like' material did not match to any known spectra in the internal or external FTIR databases that Norske Skog utilises. The same three contaminants were found at other Customer pressrooms to a lesser extent, such as Site B, which consumes paper from the Boyer Mill (TAS, Australia), and Site C, during a trial of paper from the Tasman Mill (New Zealand). The paper from these two mills does not have RCF content. None of the three contaminants had been found in the paper and other customers were not experiencing the same issues. Focus shifted to the ink and an ink filter was installed at Site B on the cyan inlet to the printing press. In September 2014, it was confirmed that all of the three major contaminants were present in the ink line. Further targeted sampling at Site A uncovered large pieces of the same three types of contaminants present in the ink screens at the first point the ink reaches the site.

      After the removal of the contaminants from the ink screens at Site A, the levels of hickeys reduced significantly, to the point that they were no longer considered a commercial issue. Site A now ensures that ink screens and filters are cleaned during routine maintenance activities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Plantations... the missing piece of the puzzle
    • Abstract: Hampton, Ross
      Australia is becoming increasingly reliant on plantations to meet its forest resource demands, with softwood and hardwood plantations providing more than 80% of the fibre needs of our wood and paper product industries. Yet, while our reliance on wood fibre from plantations grows, the plantation estate is shrinking. In the past eight years there has been very little investment in new plantation establishment. Over the same period, we have seen a rationalisation of the plantation resource, with plantations previously established on poor quality sites or too far from markets being harvested and not replanted.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Collaboration is key to leadership capability
    • Abstract: Hartman, Michael
      Acting collaboratively has broad application to supply chain stakeholders, across and within sectors, associations and companies. To maximise opportunities created by new technologies, industry initiatives and market demands require the development of physical infrastructure and new processes. Just as important, is the need for collaborative relationships and strategic alliances; strong and innovative leadership; and skilled, highly self-motivated and empowered work performance cultures.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Across the desk
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - Collaboration a dirty word'
    • Abstract: Allan, Russell
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - New Maryvale GM approaches the future
    • Abstract: Berton, Adrian; Allan, Russell
      With the arrival of Adrian Berton, Nippon Paper continues the re-vitalisation of the Australian Paper business as one of the largest players in Australia's significant pulp and paper manufacturing industry. Adrian Berton is the latest senior figure to be recruited by Nippon in their Australian operations and notably, is from outside the pulp and paper industry. He has a metallurgical engineering degree and a master's degree from Melbourne's RMIT. Initially, working in a ferrous foundry in Melbourne, Adrian went on to technical and operational management positions for Arrium in Melbourne, Whyalla, South Australia and Newcastle, New South Wales. Arrium is a large international mining, mining consumables and steel business. Originally the company was spun out from BHP in 2000 as OneSteel at which time it was almost entirely a domestically focussed steel manufacturer and distributor.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - BioPRIA at Monash University
    • Abstract: Garnier, Gil
      BioPRIA stands for Bioresource Processing Research Institute of Australia and aims to promote Australia's sustainable development through innovation in bioproducts and bioresource processing. It seeks to provide value for its partners by developing new products and markets through research, and by increasing operational efficiency and product quality by training. It also provides a network forum bringing technical leaders from our many partner industries in the supply chain with the best academic researchers.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
  • Volume 69 Issue 2 - New systems to monitor and control colour during the
           production of paper
    • Abstract: Seyfried, Nicolas
      The colour of almost all papers can be measured during production. State of the art In-Line Colour Measuring Systems not only measure the colour but can also measure whiteness (OBA content).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:16 GMT
       
 
 
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