for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help

Publisher: Project MUSE   (Total: 296 journals)

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Showing 1 - 200 of 296 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 0)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
African Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Alabama Review     Full-text available via subscription  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
American Catholic Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
American Periodicals : A J. of History, Criticism, and Bibliography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66, SJR: 0.461, CiteScore: 1)
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Asian Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Arizona J. of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Arizona Quarterly: A J. of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.299, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Asian Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.376, CiteScore: 0)
Asian Theatre J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
AUDEM : The Intl. J. of Higher Education and Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Azalea: J. of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Buddhist-Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Buildings & Landscapes: J. of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Comediantes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Calíope : J. of the Society for Renaissance and Baroque Hispanic Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian J. of Information and Library Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 324, SJR: 0.247, CiteScore: 0)
Canadian J. of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.109, CiteScore: 0)
Canadian J. of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.758, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Review of Comparative Literature / Revue Canadienne de Littérature Comparée     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Canadian Theatre Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.124, CiteScore: 0)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
China : An Intl. J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
China Review Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Cinema J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comitatus : A J. of Medieval and Renaissance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Comparative Drama     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.115, CiteScore: 0)
Comparative Technology Transfer and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : J. of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.259, CiteScore: 0)
Contemporary Southeast Asia: A J. of Intl. and Strategic Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.126, CiteScore: 0)
Cross-Currents : East Asian History and Culture Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultural Critique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Demokratizatsiya: The J. of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.447, CiteScore: 1)
Diaspora: A J. of Transnational Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dictionaries : J. of the Dictionary Society of North America     Full-text available via subscription  
Digital Philology : A J. of Medieval Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Dublin James Joyce J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
Economía     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Education and Treatment of Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.68, CiteScore: 1)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.64, CiteScore: 1)
Emily Dickinson J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
ESQ: A J. of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Essays in Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Eudora Welty Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Feminist Formations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Film & History: An Interdisciplinary J. of Film and Television Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Forum J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Framework : The J. of Cinema and Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
French Colonial History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Future Anterior     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.107, CiteScore: 0)
Future of Children     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.897, CiteScore: 2)
George Herbert J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Harvard J. of Asiatic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Hebrew Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Helios     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
High School J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.261, CiteScore: 0)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Hispanófila     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Histoire sociale/Social history     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Historically Speaking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Histories of Anthropology Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hopscotch: A Cultural Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Human Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.356, CiteScore: 1)
Human Rights Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69, SJR: 0.625, CiteScore: 1)
Humanity : An Intl. J. of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Information & Culture : A J. of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Islamic Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.257, CiteScore: 0)
J. for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
J. of American Folklore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.212, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Asian American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of Burma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.157, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Canadian Studies/Revue d'études canadiennes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.137, CiteScore: 0)
J. of College Student Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.806, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Colonialism and Colonial History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
J. of Democracy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53, SJR: 1.579, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of Dramatic Theory and Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of Early Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.649, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Higher Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.213, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Individual Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
J. of Japanese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16, SJR: 0.162, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
J. of Korean Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.175, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Late Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
J. of Latin American Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of Military History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
J. of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Narrative Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.129, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.125, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Shi'a Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Slavic Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
J. of Song-Yuan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
J. of the Civil War Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
J. of the Early Republic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.19, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the History of Childhood and Youth     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
J. of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 161, SJR: 0.239, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the History of Sexuality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
J. of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
J. of the Society of Christian Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.14, CiteScore: 0)
J. of the Southwest     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Women's History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
J. of World History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
J19 : The J. of Nineteenth-Century Americanists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Joyce Studies Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
L'Esprit Créateur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.117, CiteScore: 0)
La corónica : A J. of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26, SJR: 1.101, CiteScore: 1)
Late Imperial China     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.173, CiteScore: 0)
Latin American Music Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Latin American Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.312, CiteScore: 0)
Latin American Theatre Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Le mouvement social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Leviathan : A J. of Melville Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
Library Trends     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 441, SJR: 0.3, CiteScore: 0)
Literature and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.143, CiteScore: 0)
Logos: A J. of Catholic Thought and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Manoa     Full-text available via subscription  
Marvels & Tales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.114, CiteScore: 0)
Mechademia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mediaevalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.677, CiteScore: 1)
MFS Modern Fiction Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.186, CiteScore: 0)
Milton Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Missouri Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
MLN     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.128, CiteScore: 0)
Modernism/modernity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Monumenta Nipponica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Mosaic : a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.129, CiteScore: 0)
Mouseion: J. of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Nabokov Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Narrative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.171, CiteScore: 0)
New England Review     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
New Hibernia Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
New Literary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.83, CiteScore: 2)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.118, CiteScore: 0)
Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Nuevo Texto Crítico     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Oceanic Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.232, CiteScore: 0)
Ohio History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ohio Valley History     Full-text available via subscription  
Oral Tradition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Palimpsest : A J. on Women, Gender, and the Black Intl.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Parergon     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.123, CiteScore: 0)
Partial Answers: J. of Literature and the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.166, CiteScore: 0)
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 0)

        1 2 | Last   [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover
Framework : The Journal of Cinema and Media
Number of Followers: 22  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0306-7661 - ISSN (Online) 1559-7989
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [296 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Framework 59.2 has a focus on perception. Perception is immediate, supple, repetitive, and personal, but, in contentious political times, perception can be construed as only a fixed opinion and often extremely so. This issue looks at ways in which perception, art, and politics are blended.In the opening essay, "The Grandmaster: Socio-Political Plurality in Contemporary Hong Kong," Tom Cunliffe's geo-political focus broadens a viewer's understanding of the complexities of the internationally screened martial arts genres. In looking at The Grandmaster (2013) as Wong Kar-wai's take on the China-Hong Kong dispute, Cunliffe argues that, through the director's use of the martial arts genre and its specialized niche of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Grandmaster: Socio-Political Plurality in Contemporary Hong Kong
    • Abstract: In the era of twenty-first century Hong Kong-mainland China co-productions, there have been several cops-and-robbers movies featuring politicized images of a Hong Konger kneeling down before a mainland cop, including Lady Cop and Papa Crook (Felix Chong, Alan Mak, 2008) and Drug War (Johnnie To, 2012). In the local production Election 2 (Johnnie To, 2006), a shadowy mainland Chinese security chief official towers over a Hong Konger. These images suggest the possibility of conciliation between Hong Kong and mainland China to be a pipe-dream and visualizes the vertical hegemonic relationship between China and Hong Kong. In Lady Cop and Papa Crook, a mainland cop pointing a gun at the Cantonese-speaking Hong Konger ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Alchemy and the Magick in the Media
    • Abstract: I would stare into TV static until I saw images, shapes, heard voices. This was part of my childhood, long before the movie Poltergeist (the original) reminded me of my ways. I would stare into that frenzy of grey dancing patterns and the show would begin. At that young age I would wonder what was this frenetic storm and its white noise' Was it always behind the images presented' Was it lurking in the back of the black and white Hollywood films I watched with my grandmother in her small Washington Heights apartment' Was it sculpting these beautiful images of Bette Davis, Ingrid Bergman, Katherine Hepburn, and Greta Garbo that seemed to have some magical effect on me' I had my own theories that the static was ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Films of MM Serra: Art(core) and the Explicit Body
    • Abstract: Mary Magdalene 2017"Mary Magdalene" is separate from you, but comes from you. It is a brilliant, explosive, fierce, and passionate gem, the kind that catches light but can also cut. As I said last night, the woman's body is there to contain and resist; she fights the frame and ideology all at the same time, forcing us to think about how images of the body both seduce and confuse us at every turn. The film does not offer easy answers but rather stirs us to move through the world so much more aware. A film about touching that no one can touch.I, MM Serra, have since 1982 created over twenty-four short experimental documentary films. Over the last four decades, through my creation of films such as Turner (1987) ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Film Stills from My Work: Looking at Women and Men
    • Abstract: My films have always focused on the visual aspects of storytelling. I've been drawn to stories in which color, texture, and mood are as central to the narrative as character and plot. In VARIETY (US, 1984), my early feature, I linked my visual approach to subject matter. VARIETY is a film about looking, seduction, and voyeurism. I used frames within frames, windows, doorways, and reflections in order to visually capture the idea of looking and being looked at. Luminous Motion (US, 2000) visualizes a young boy's subjective world of motion and sensation as he fights to hold on to the bond with his renegade mother. I have used visual stylization as a way of bringing us closer to the characters and emotions.In Handsome ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Hustlers & Empires
    • Abstract: ... Read More
      PubDate: 2019-01-07T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 34.229.97.16
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-