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J. of Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Theory and Practice in Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Theory and Practice in Language Studies
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1799-2591 - ISSN (Online) 2053-0692
Published by Academy Publisher Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Learning Styles and Motivations for Practicing English as a Foreign
           Language: A Case Study of Role-play in Two Ecuadorian Universities

    • Authors: Jhonny S. Villafuerte, Maria A. Rojas, Sandy L. Hormaza, Lourdes A. Soledispa
      Pages: 555 - 563
      Abstract: This action research studies the Ecuadorian university students’ learning styles and motivations to practice English as a Foreign Language through Role-play. The sample is composed of 158 students from two national universities located in the Coastal region of Ecuador. They took part of Role-play practices in the English as a Foreign Language course during 2016-2017. The instruments applied were the Social Software Survey Used with Undergraduate Students; and a questionnaire designed ad hoc, by the research team named Likert Questionnaire Learners’ Motivations for Practicing English through Role-play. The results show participants' openness to cooperative learning and task-based learning. It is concluded that the learning styles that participants prefer is working in groups; situation that favours the implementation of English as a foreign language practices through role-play.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Criteria and Scale for Argumentation

    • Authors: Chamnong Kaewpet
      Pages: 564 - 569
      Abstract: This paper presents an updated and practical criteria and scale for teaching, learning, and evaluating argumentation. The ability criteria and scale is generated from existing knowledge of argumentation as expected by CEFR, TOEFL and IELTS, as well as recent interest in argumentation. Examination of the academic literature suggests that the new criteria and scale should consider relevancy, reasoning, language use, organization and writer’s voice. Relevancy has not yet been seriously highlighted in the existing criteria. Reasoning, language use and organization are common criteria in argumentation. Writer’s voice is not emphasized in the existing criteria but often discussed in recent publications on argumentation. It is added to the updated framework in this paper to keep up with advancements in the field. This new framework could be a powerful option for teaching, learning and evaluating argumentation particularly in EFL or ESL contexts.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Female Teachers’ Perspectives of Learner Autonomy in the Saudi

    • Authors: Jameelah Asiri, Nadia Shukri
      Pages: 570 - 579
      Abstract: For decades, the term learner autonomy has been the focus of many studies in the field of education and language learning. This study addresses teachers' perspectives of learner autonomy in Saudi Arabia. It examines whether teachers have the knowledge to encourage and foster learner-autonomy. This study also seeks to explore the challenges English language teachers face in the process of implementing learner autonomy into their EFL classrooms. The investigation was conducted using a sample of 50 English language teachers teaching Saudi students at King Abdul-Aziz University. Data was collected using a 20 - item questionnaire. The study was a mixed research method. Collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. The findings revealed that teachers believe that Saudi learners in the current situation are non-autonomous learners’, they lack the knowledge and the training to apply it. Findings also revealed that teachers are familiar with the learner- autonomy yet, they stated that they need proper training and professional development to help encourage learner autonomy. It is an attempt to contribute to the literature underlying learner autonomy in the field of language learning in the Saudi context. Also, it suggests further research to help better comprehend the value of teachers' role in the process of autonomous language learning for learners.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.03
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Jordanian Arabic: A Study of the Motivations for the Intentionality in
           Dialect Change

    • Authors: Ahmad M. Saidat
      Pages: 580 - 587
      Abstract: Language change and development is inevitable in any society due to social or structural factors. This research looks at Jordan, a small country that is experiencing an ongoing dialect change. Although this change is minor and arguably invisible, it is taking place among a large group of young people. In this study, the reasons and motivations for this change are unearthed. Over 200 people were interviewed and were asked to respond to a questionnaire. The collected data were then statistically analyzed. The findings were that social bending, identity, self-image, and network ties appear to be of the major reasons for young people imitating and adopting two regional dialects of the Middle East, namely Lebanese (LA) and Syrian (SA). The role of media appeared great and is probably the main source for the adoptions. There does not seem to be a strong adult rejection of this phenomenon which has become inevitable. The adoptions at this stage are intentional and are expected to develop to be unconscious in the future as younger receptors are not aware of the intentions of the current imitating groups and assumingly they will acquire certain vocabulary, tones, and structures as their mother dialect due to direct interaction with older teenagers. Historically, certain linguistic features disappeared from the local dialect of Jordan (JA) in favor of other neighboring dialects.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.04
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Using New Media in Teaching English Reading and Writing for Hearing
           Impaired Students—Taking Leshan Special Education School as an Example

    • Authors: Bo Xu
      Pages: 588 - 594
      Abstract: Based on socio-cultural interactive mode, this paper attempts to teach reading and writing for hearing impaired students in senior high special education school via new media, such as multimedia technology, smart cell phone, Ipad ,wechat, Mooc, microblog, etc. which facilitates acquisition mode of hearing impaired students. This paper constructs an interactive mode in which teacher teaches hearing impaired students English reading and writing through multimedia in class on-line and students learn English via smart cell phone, Ipad, wechat, Mooc, Microblog off-line. The online and offline class constitutes a whole learning mode for them. Through this mode, this paper puts forward some strategies and methods to train reading and writing competence for hearing impaired students.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.05
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • An Analytic Study of Ironic Statements in Ahlam Mistaghanmi’s Their
           Hearts with Us While Their Bombs Launching towards Us

    • Authors: Hayder Tuama Jasim Al-Saedi
      Pages: 595 - 600
      Abstract: The study investigates the hidden (figurative) meaning behind the literal meaning of the ironic statements in the Arabic texts. The linguistic and psychological literature shows the controversy around the theory of Irony. The data had been collected from “Their Hearts with us while Their Bombs Launching Towards us,” which is written by the Arabic writer Ahlam Mistaghanmi. The book is full of the ironic statements, which address the Iraqi situation. The data had been translated to Arabic by an English-Arabic translator. The data being analyzed is based on Irony. The conclusions find out that the selected data show that there is an intended/ hidden message behind each statement, which is conveyed to her readers ironically.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.06
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • A Study of Students’ English Cooperative Learning Strategy in the
           Multimedia Environment

    • Authors: Ling Wang
      Pages: 601 - 605
      Abstract: As a new learning mode, cooperative learning is of great significance to the students' learning and development. In our country it has achieved remarkable results, and its implementation of a wide range, especially in the field of English teaching has made great achievements. This essay starts with the background and development of cooperative learning. From the characteristics of the multimedia environment, we make a comprehensive discussion of how to use effective means, multimedia network environment and the multimedia tools, to promote students' English cooperative learning. Multimedia environment in the application of cooperative learning has produced some magical effects. Students can search for English language learning materials, and the study model can help students to establish a cooperative team to start learning together. At the same time, the teachers assist to guide, and ultimately achieve better results than the traditional teaching.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.07
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Role of EFL Teacher’s Talk and Identity in Iranian Classroom

    • Authors: Afsaneh Alijani, Hamed Barjesteh
      Pages: 606 - 612
      Abstract: Identity is a comprehensive and complicated concept in the process of language teaching and learning. The present study attempted to examine the effect of teachers’ talk and identity in the classroom context on EFL learners’ achievements. The Conversation Analysis (CA) approach was applied to gather and analyze naturally-occurring spoken interaction. The teachers’ interactions with their learners were audio-recorded and analyzed in terms of the IRF cycle (Initiation-Response-Feedback), turn-taking and renovate. The findings indicated that the plenty of interaction was assembled and retained through dissymmetrical and privileged relations. The teacher identified, and regulated most of the social actions that happened in the classroom context, most of which were also completely designed on a goal-oriented basis .It was concluded that it is time to re-assert the role of teacher as a dominant individual who controls learning inside and outside the classroom; educators and teachers should develop an instructional design that focuses on incorporating active learning and student-centered pedagogy into the traditional lecture-based courses.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.08
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Exploration of the Non-normal Students’ Attitude to Taking Part in the
           Teacher Qualification Examination in China

    • Authors: Lu Gong
      Pages: 613 - 617
      Abstract: As the teacher qualification examination has been extensively spread in China in recent years, a "national examination fever" is rising among non-normal students. A large number of non-normal college students have obtained the teacher certification by taking the qualification exam. It is found that there are all kinds of attitudes to the students’ participating in this exam. Firstly, they once had to choose a non-normal major on account of different reasons, although they expect to be teachers. Secondly, they hold a blind attitude that all their friends take part in it. Thirdly, it is a practical way to have a job choice after graduation. Therefore, we have a responsibility to remind the students to treat the examination rationally, because it can’t ensure them the capabilities required for a qualified teacher even if they have passed three or four subjects. Meanwhile, those who participate in the exam only plan to increase the possibility of getting employed instead of genuine enthusiasm for education can hardly enjoy satisfaction and happiness. Therefore, the non-normal students should recognize and understand the true purpose of the examination and make a rational career planning. At the same time, the government needs to improve the teacher qualification examination system.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.09
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • A Study on English Acquisition from the Perspective of the Multimodal

    • Authors: Huaiyu Mu
      Pages: 618 - 622
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore watching English movies as an effective way of learning English for English learners to improve their English level on the basis of theoretical framework of the multimodal discourse analysis. Watching English movies can greatly stimulate English learners’ interest in learning English. In the process, they can get dual stimulation from visual and auditory senses by using the visual modality, auditory modality and tactile modality. Learners may acquire English knowledge in a relatively authentic language environment, and by listening to and imitating idiomatic English expressions, they can acquire cultural knowledge, further understand the culture, people's way of thinking and humanistic spirit and values of English-speaking countries, and thus improving their English level and ability of cross-cultural communication.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.10
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Social Identity and Use of Taboo Words in Angry Mood: A Gender Study

    • Authors: Mohammad Hashamdar, Fahimeh Rafi
      Pages: 623 - 628
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between social identity and the taboo words men and women use in order to express their anger. Moreover, this study went further and investigated the relationship between using taboo words in male and female participants who had a university degree and those who did not. In order to do the research, 20 female and 20 male adults, whose professions were similar in pairs, were randomly selected. The researcher recorded their voices when they were in an angry mood. After recording data, the researcher made a transcription of the first fifty words uttered by each participant. Then, the taboo words- words which were considered offensive or shocking and that were discouraged in public places - were calculated. Finally, the percentage of taboo words used by each participant was calculated and compared to that of the others. The findings of the study confirmed that the percentage of using taboo language by male characters, in different social identities, was much more than that of female characters. On the other hand, by dividing the participants into two groups of those who had a university degree, and those with no university degree, the researcher came to the conclusion that both male and female participants with a university degree used less taboo words than those without a university degree.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.11
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • On the Norm Memes in English Translation of Classics—A Case Study of the
           Translation of the Works by Jiangxi Native Literati in the Song Dynasty

    • Authors: Yuying Li, Wandi Hu
      Pages: 629 - 634
      Abstract: With the convening of the 19th NCCPC and at the call of “Building stronger cultural confidence and helping socialist culture to flourish.” the going global of Chinese cultural classics has gained increasing importance. Jiangxi Province is the birthplace of literati and scholars throughout the ages, especially in the Song Dynasty. Among the Eight Great Literati of the Tang and Song Dynasties three were JX natives. Therefore, the study on the English translation of the classic works by them would be of great academic and practical values as well as significance for popularization. Taking Chesterman’s Translation Memetics as the guidance and from the aspects of Expectancy Norms and Professional Norms, the study analyses and explores the translation strategies and skills of Chinese classic, in the hope to contribute the author’s pygmy to the translation and spread of traditional Chinese culture.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.12
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Disillusionment of Caulfield’s Self-salvation in The Cather in the

    • Authors: He Wei
      Pages: 635 - 639
      Abstract: Holden Caulfield, hero of The Catcher in the rye, caught in spiritual crisis before getting into adult world. After leaving his boarding school, he chooses to wander in New York City, tries to find someone to be connected in order to save him from alienation and depression. However, the modern science expels “God”, declaring the death of “Men”, together with the disappearance of Free Will. Therefore, no matter how hard Caulfield want to escape his fate, he can not find a place in his society. Then he turns to ideal innocent children world, wishing to be their protector, only to find that he can not prevent the growth of live. Watching his sister Phoebe and other children in the carrousel, Caulfield finally realizes that growing is inevitable, and nobody has the ability to stop the passage of life.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.13
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • A Comparative Study of Adlerian Masculine Protest in Jonathan Franzen’s
           The Corrections and Freedom: Individuality despite Similarity

    • Authors: Maryam Rostami, Razieh Eslamieh
      Pages: 640 - 648
      Abstract: This article is studying some of the characters in The Corrections (2001) and Freedom (2010) by Jonathan Franzen (1959) in the light of Alfred W. Adler's (1870-1937) concept of masculine protest. Adler has introduced different aspects of masculine protest some of which are found in the studied novels. This article intends to find the characters who suffer from masculine protest because of the fact that this concept is one of the elements that demonstrates people's inferiority and superiority complex which are the causes of neurosis. On the next level, the differences between the studied novels based on the studied concept will be mentioned, and finally the link between this concept with post feminism and Freud's theories will be briefly discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.14
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • The New Developments of Constructivism Theory and Its Reflection on
           College English Teaching in the Era of New Media―A Case Study of
           International Textile Trade English

    • Authors: Jinzhu Zhang, Hongquan Lin
      Pages: 649 - 655
      Abstract: Constructivism, as one of the core theory of psychology, has a deep influence on foreign language teaching and learning in China. The author in this paper takes a university-based ESP course, International Textile Trade English as a case study and applies the main conception of the four schools of Constructivism as a guide to organize teaching practice, with the expectation to explore the effective combination of Constructivism theory with the ESP teaching practice. Some limitations of the research are put forward in the end.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.15
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • International Research on Translation Teaching: A Review (2008-2017)

    • Authors: Xue Li
      Pages: 656 - 664
      Abstract: This paper generally reviews the situation of international translation teaching research from five perspectives: research trends, subjects, contents, research nature, and the authors’ disciplinary backgrounds. The results indicate that: (1) on the whole, the number of papers published steadily increases; (2) the undergraduates majoring in translation take up a dominant percentage of the subjects; (3) the content focuses on thematic research and applied research; (4) speculative research are accounting for the main part in methodology, in which literature method is usually employed as research instrument; (5) the authors’ academic backgrounds mainly focus on the fields of linguistics and translation, presenting a multi-disciplinary feature. Finally, the characteristics and development trends of international translation teaching and research are summarized and enlightened.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Effect of Implementing Flipped Classrooms on Iranian Junior High
           School Students' Reading Comprehension

    • Authors: Arash Hashemifardnia, Ehsan Namaziandost, Sajad Shafiee
      Pages: 665 - 673
      Abstract: This study investigated the effect of implementing flipped classrooms on Iranian junior high school students' reading comprehension. To this end, 50 Iranian pre-intermediate students were choosen and randomly assigned into two equal groups; one experimental group (flipped classroom) and one control group (traditional classroom). After that, both groups were pretested through a reading comprehension test. Then, the researchers put the respondents of the experimental group in a flipped classroom. The flipped classroom was equipped with Internet, computer and projector. The students were required to read each text before coming the class and discuss it with their classmates. On the other hand, the control group was taught in the traditional classroom. Before teaching each text, the researchers provided background knowledge for the control group and after teaching each text, the students were required to answer some questions related to the text. The whole treatment lasted 8 sessions of 50 minutes. In the last session, the post-test of reading comprehension was administered. The results of paired and independent samples t-tests indicated that there was a significant difference between the post-tests of the experimental and the control groups. The findings revealed that the experimental group significantly outperformed the control group (p < .05) on the post-test.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • A Survey of Intercultural Adaptability for Foreign Students in Three
           Universities: Problems and Solutions

    • Authors: Siqi Ye, Haijiao Xue, Yanling Zheng
      Pages: 674 - 680
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore the existing problems and solutions of foreign students’ intercultural adaptability in three universities of university town in Chongqing from such aspects as campus cultural adaptation, material cultural adaptation, behavioral cultural adaption and Chinese traditional cultural adaption. By questionnaires, research group has found some major problems like, do not have an Chinese competence, unfamiliar with Chinese material culture, insensitive to Chongqing’s behavioral culture, unfamiliar with Chinese traditional and local culture. After analyzing those possible reasons, this paper provides some solutions: implementing the same management of foreign students as Chinese students, strengthening social supports, strengthening the communication with foreign students and fostering foreign students’ consciousness of Chinese traditional culture.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.18
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • English Film Appreciation from the Perspective of Cross Cultural

    • Authors: Tianyu Wang, Gaofeng Yu
      Pages: 681 - 685
      Abstract: Under the background of globalization, as a way of cultural propagation, movies reflect the elements of cross-culture everywhere. This passage takes original English films, Zootopia and Forrest Gump as examples to stress that English learners should pay attention to some recessive cross-cultural elements, in addition to the explicit cultural elements such as plot, dialogue and oral English.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.19
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Relationship between Iranian EFL Teachers’ Personality and Their
           Teaching Preference

    • Authors: Tooba Mahmoudi, Mostafa Zamanian
      Pages: 686 - 693
      Abstract: The present study sought to investigate the relationship between Iranian EFL teachers’ personality types and their teaching preferences. Besides, it attempted to take the notion of gender into account. The participants included 100 EFL teachers and university instructors from seven English language institutes in Shiraz, and two universities in Fars Province. Availability sampling was used for this aim. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) questionnaire and Teaching Activities Preference (TAP) questionnaire were used to collect the data. The design of the study was survey method; so, both descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Based on the analyses undertaken, the following results were obtained: 1) there was a significant relationship between the personality and teaching preference, 2) Male and female EFL teachers’ (from Shiraz English language institutes) teaching preferences were statistically the same. The results could be used by teachers, university instructors, syllabus designers and, in general, all groups involved in education.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.20
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • A Study of the Current Situation and Countermeasures of Medical English
           Talents Training Based on KAQ Education Mode

    • Authors: Yuan Kong
      Pages: 694 - 701
      Abstract: In order to cope with the challenge of medical English education, based on reading and researching related data in English Majors in medical colleges and analysis of the current situation of English training in medical colleges in China, this paper explores the medical English specialty cultivation mode, and provide a theoretical reference for the relevant departments to implement education reform. Through the actual investigation, a medical college is compared with other professional medical college English curriculum education system, training system and student satisfaction and opinions on the stage in order to explore the status of English medical personnel professional training. Then, it puts forward the integration methods of medical English training and advice of KAQ model. The aim is to provide theoretical basis and practical guidance for the training of medical English professionals with comprehensive development of knowledge, ability and quality.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.21
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
  • Review on Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition through Reading

    • Authors: Shan Liu
      Pages: 702 - 711
      Abstract: The teaching and research of vocabulary acquisition, after having been neglected for decades in the arena of second language teaching and learning, has assumed its rightful place as a fundamentally important part of language development. Much research has been done on second language vocabulary acquisition. Among them plenty of studies have been conducted to find out how to enhance incidental vocabulary acquisition through reading. In the present paper, related research has been reviewed and evaluated, providing helpful information for future research.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.17507/tpls.0806.22
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 6 (2018)
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