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  • Cross Cultural Comparison of Attitides towards Aging and Physical
           Activity. Josyula, Lakshmi K.
    • Abstract: An online cross-sectional survey was used to examine 475 adults (239 men and 236 women) on physical activity level, barriers to physical activity participation, and attitudes towards personal aging. Participants were grouped, by citizenship and residence, as Indians in India, Indians in the United States, or Americans in the United States. Cross-cultural differences were observed on self-rated general health, occurrence of preventive examinations, and several barriers to physical activity. Physical activity level was positively correlated with self-rated general health, and with optimism regarding aging, suggesting that enhanced physical activity may hold the key to a higher evaluation of personal health, and more positive expectations of aging.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Jan 2013 12:00:00 GMT
  • Instrument selection for a study of sub cultural differences in Peru.
           Morales Tristán, Oswaldo; Rees, Gareth
    • Abstract: The interest and appreciation of the differences in cultural values between sub groups within countries is becoming relevant for Latin America due to rising urbanization, social tension and the effects of foreign investments and industrialization. However, few studies have sought to differentiate sub cultural values within Latin American countries, with industry and business academia largely relying on studies that use national measures based on mean scores. This paper, through reviewing the extant cross cultural business literature and Peru’s social history, determines the factors necessary for high quality cross cultural research and the issues will be required to be addressed when selecting or developing a suitable research instrument for sub-cultural studies within a nation state. These issues include defining the sub cultures, instrument sensitivity within a national cultural emic, responsiveness to subject’s response styles and an ability to measure the dimensional constructs appropriately.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Jan 2013 12:00:00 GMT
  • The Interplay of Multiple Identities of Individuals Across Multiple
           Domains. Dissanayake, Malathie P; McConatha, Jasmin T
    • Abstract: The current study explores multiple identities of individuals, particularly youth, and the importance as well as interrelations of those identities in particular social domains in Sri Lankan society. Participants consisted of 96 Sri Lankans live in Sri Lanka. Participants completed seven self-statements (who am I), and closed ended questions, regarding five major identities: nationality, religion, ethnicity, caste, and occupation (university student). Explanations of the self-statements, analyzed by using a fourfold coding scheme, indicated that university student status is the most common social attribute among other social attributes in self-interpretations of individuals. Religion and nationality were second and third most common social attributes whereas caste was the least common. This is consistent with results of the importance of social identities. The importance of each social identity was different when it associated with different social domains, depending on how individuals value their social iden...
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Jan 2013 12:00:00 GMT
  • A measure of technological level for the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample.
           Eff, E. Anthon; Maiti, Abhradeep
    • Abstract: Technology differs from other features of culture in that the Boasian stance of cultural relativism seems less binding: one can argue that the technology of one society is superior or inferior to the technology of another. This comparison is possible because technological change—as described by S.C. Gilfillan, Clarence Ayres, and Jane Jacobs—operates through the process of combining existing elements of technology to create new elements. Technology is therefore cumulative, so that a more advanced technology contains more elements than a less advanced. We exploit this cumulative nature of technology to create a measure of technological level for the 186 ethnographically known societies in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Jan 2013 12:00:00 GMT
  • A Comparative Investigation of the Self Image and Identity of Sri Lankans.
           Dissanayake, Malathie P; McConatha, Jasmin T
    • Abstract: The current study explores self image and identity of Sri Lankans in different social and cultural settings. It focuses on the role of major social identities in two ethnic groups: Sinhalese (the majority) and Tamils (the minority). Participants consisted of four groups: Sri Lankan Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sinhalese in USA, and Tamils in Canada. Seven self statement tests, ratings of the importance of major social identities, and eight common identity items under seven social identities were used to examine self identification. Findings suggest that religious identity plays a significant role in Sinhalese, whereas ethnic identity is the most significant in Tamils. All these identity measures suggest that the role of each social identity is different when it associates with different social settings, depending on how individuals value their social identities in particular social contexts.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • Kinship, Class, and Community. White, Douglas R.
    • Abstract: This review presents studies in various world regions. Each uses network analysis software designed explicitly for kinship studies with explicit network measures of cohesion. It presents evidence of fundamental differences in the forms of marital cohesion that show profoundly different effects over a wide range of social phenomena, regional scales, and diverse cultures. Social cohesion is the basis of mutuality, cooperation and well-being in human societies (Council of Europe, 2009). It includes the modes by which people are assimilated into societies, how groups hold power, stratify social relations, and manage the flow of resources. Kinship networks in the civil societies of nation-states, in contrast to smaller-scale societies, are far too rarely studied as a basis of social cohesion. Networks, the social tissues of our lives, are only partially visible to us; thus we fail to see how these are wrapped and embedded in larger networks. Thus the importance, as emphasized here, of an explicit science of social...
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS91.COD: Grief and Mourning Codes. Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Walsh, R.
           Patricia; Jackson, Douglas A.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v1918-v2000 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from the SCCS societies in Paul C. Rosenblatt, R. Patricia Walsh, and Douglas A. Jackson. Grief and Mourning in Cross-Cultural Perspective. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press. 1976.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • Application of the Altruistic Behavior Coding Scheme to Cross-Cultural
           Contexts. Smith, Sandi W, Bresnahan, Mary J, Smith, Stacy L
    • Abstract: Smith and Smith claimed that altruistic action “is intended to benefit others beyond simple sociability or duties associated with role.” This definition will need to be carefully applied to behavior in communal cultures as they have extended obligation networks, the basis of which are expected helping behaviors offered to others in the network. Therefore, behaviors that would be captured by the coding scheme in an individualistic culture would not necessarily be seen as altruistic in a communal culture as they may be non-voluntary and role-related. Six components of altruistic behavior are addressed here, and two of these are predicted to differ according to the culture in which they are enacted. These are determining whether the act was motivated by a primary concern for the other and whether the actor would be likely to engage in self blame if he or she did not engage in the action. The other three components of altruistic behavior are postulated to operate pan-culturally. They are actual benefit to the re...
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Feb 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • Biocultural Prerequisites for the Development of Advanced Technology.
           Chick, Garry
    • Abstract: In 1961, astronomer Frank Drake developed an equation to permit the estimation of the number of extraterrestrial civilizations in our galaxy via the quantification of what he felt to be relevant factors. Drake’s equation contains two terms, fi and fc, that refer, respectively, to the fraction of planets that harbor intelligent life and the fraction of those with intelligent life that develops a technology that would allow communication with other worlds. These are two of the most difficult terms in the equation to estimate and, not surprisingly, a relatively wide range of values has been offered for each. Estimates of the values of the terms depend on a number of conjectures and assumptions. These include aspects of embodiment, such as sensory modalities and faculties to manipulate the environment, and aspects of culture that seem to be crucial for the development of advanced technology. However, the only data on technological development that we have available is from Earth. Several terrestrial species use t...
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Feb 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • The Motor of Growth' Parental Investment and per capita GDP. Eff, E.
           Anthon, Rionero, Giuseppe
    • Abstract: Parental investment represents expenditures of time and resources for the purpose of increasing the biological fitness of one’s offspring. We examine whether parental investment has incidental effects on per capita GDP, using a cross-section of 209 countries and territories. Our work is a revisiting of a 2002 paper by Nigel Barber, with some notable methodological improvements: we use a spatial lag model to control for Galton’s problem, use multiple imputation to handle the issue of missing data, and consider the implications of endogeneity. Our results show that variations in parental investment explain nearly half of the variation in per capita GDP. We find the role of health investments to be especially critical: increases in offspring health raise the rate of return to parental investment, which prompts even more investment, creating a deviation-amplifying process.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Feb 2011 12:00:00 GMT
  • Cross-Cultural Age Ascription between Muslim and Santal Communities in
           Rural Bangladesh. Uddin, Emaj Ph.D.
    • Abstract: This study compares ideal age ascription across family life Muslim and Santal cultures in rural Bangladesh. We hypothesized that age ascription for family life situation occurs earlier in the Santal culture than in the Muslim culture in rural Bangladesh. One hundred couples (70 Muslim and 30 Santal) were selected by cluster random sampling from the Kalna village situated in the Tanore Upazila of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh, and were intensively interviewed by author. Results reveal significant differences in ideal age assignment between the Muslim and Santal communities. Further cross-cultural study should be done how socio-cultural factors influence variations in ideal age status assignment between the two communities in Bangladesh.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Jun 2010 12:00:00 GMT
  • Deriving Ethno-geographical Clusters for Comparing Ethnic Differentials in
           Zambia. Wotela, Kambidima
    • Abstract: This article derives seven ethno-geographical clusters comprising ethnic societies with similar histories, regional settlements and common kinship lineage arrangements. The procedure reveals the origin of social diversity in Zambia. To explore the usefulness of these clusters, we apply population counts to explain the genesis of the seven ‘official’ languages from several Zambian languages. Comparing and contrasting ethno-geographical clusters reveals features underlying ethnic similarities and differences in Zambia. We resolve that common origin and migrations that occurred between the twelfth and nineteenth century define ethnic distinctions in Zambia. These characteristics provide a lens through which we can place and analyze current social, linguistic, political, and demographic forces. Compared to provincial administrative regions, ethno-geographical clusters are useful units-of-analysis for comparing ethnic differentials in Zambia.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Jun 2010 12:00:00 GMT
  • A Scale for Markets and Property in the Societies of the Standard
           Cross-Cultural Sample: a Linear Programming Approach.. Eff, E. Anthon
    • Abstract: Cross-cultural researchers often combine several component variables into a composite index or “scale.” The value of a scale for a particular observation is sensitive not only to the values of its component variables, but also to the values of the weights used to combine the components. This sensitivity to weight values is unfortunate, given that the choice of weighting scheme is in some ways arbitrary. A method is presented here, based on linear programming, which reduces the sensitivity of a scale to the component weights. An example scale is produced, for the prevalence of markets and property rights in the societies of the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample. A program, written for GAMS, is included.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Jun 2010 12:00:00 GMT
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison of Marriage Relationship between Muslim and
           Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh. Uddin, Md. Emaj
    • Abstract: Marriage is a universal social institution through which an adult male and an adult female usually involves in marriage relationship and may perpetuate it to meet their reciprocal sexual, emotional, and material needs across the marital life cycle. Relevant literatures reviewed suggested that most of the studies on marriage relationship between Muslim and Santal communities in Bangladesh were culture-specific. In order to fulfill the knowledge gap purpose of the study was to explore and compare marriage relationship, including marital bond development, sexual behavior, and role relationship between Muslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. For this research purpose 100 couples (70 couples for the Muslim and 30 couples for the Santal) out of 380 couples were randomly selected by cluster sampling procedure from the Kalna village situated in the Tanore Upazila of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. In so doing in-depth interview method with semi-structural questionnaire: Open and close-ended questions was ap...
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Mar 2009 12:00:00 GMT
  • Pinpointing Sheets for the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample: Complete
           Edition. White, Douglas R.
    • Abstract: The original pinpointing sheets, 2/3rds prepared by Murdock and 1/3rd by White, are printed here in the same font as they were originally typescript, with only minor spelling corrections. Only the first 113 pinpointing sheets were published in 1988 (World Cultures 4#4).
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Mar 2009 12:00:00 GMT
  • The Role of Gender, Religion and Friendship in the Perception of the
           “Other”: An Investigation of Secondary Students in Australia. Ata, Abe
    • Abstract: This paper reports some results from a large scale national study of attitudes towards Islam and Muslims amongst Australian secondary students. Wide-spread negative stereotypes and the relatively new presence of the Muslim community in Australia tend to suggest non-Muslim students may not be well informed, while the longstanding multicultural posture of educational policy suggests otherwise. Variation in response between boys and girls, religion or non-religious affiliated also revealed a high level of significance. Specifically girls and students in non-religious schools were more accepting of Muslims. It was found that having a friend who is Muslim is significantly associated with reduced prejudice towards Muslims. While non-Muslim students agree that acceptance of Muslims does not come easily in Australia, school does not emerge as a site for change. The findings show Australian students are generally ignorant about Muslims and Islam, and few believe that schools are filling the gaps in their knowledge
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Mar 2009 12:00:00 GMT
  • Altruism in Animal Play and Human Ritual. Chick, Garry
    • Abstract: Altruism is generally defined as the selfless concern for the wellbeing of others or, in the case of nonhuman animals, as behavior that appears to be detrimental to the survival of a given individual but which may contribute to the survival of the others. Calls by social prey species that warn others of the approach of predators, for example, are often regarded as altruistic in that they may help the majority of animals survive while simultaneously drawing the attention of the predator to the individual giving the warning. Animal play and human ritual are areas that are not commonly considered to involve altruism but closer inspection may be warranted. I will argue below that play is the context wherein animals first exhibit, and learn, altruism and that it is displayed by some, although perhaps not all, participants in a ritual common to Latin America.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Daoist/Taoist Altruism and Wateristic Personality: East and West. Lee,
           Yueh-Ting; Norasakkunkit, Vinai; Liu, Li; Zhang, Jian-Xin; Zhou, Min-Jie
    • Abstract: Based on the Daoist/Taoist model of water-like (or wateristic) personality features (Lee, 2003, 2004), four hypotheses were derived with a focus on altruism and modesty. A total of 122 Chinese college students and 106 American college students participated in this cross-cultural study. It was found (1) that American college students were more altruistic than Chinese counterparts; (2) that levels of modesty were more trait-specific than culture-specific; and (3) that Chinese participants were more altruistic and receptive toward outgroup members or outsiders (e.g., aliens) than American counterparts in uncertain situations. Theoretical implications are also discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Initiation and Passage: Multilingual Encyclopedic and Bibliographic
           Approach. Janssen, Diederik F
    • Abstract: An encyclopedic and bibliographic review of “initiation” and life course rituals (Janssen, in preparation) highlights a number of indexing problems that complicate previous efforts to code the cross-cultural distribution of such rituals. Qualitative assessment of this classification issue is extensive and draws from a number of disciplines beside anthropology. Contemporary interest in ritualized organization of status change on the level of metaphor, narrative and discourse and across social sciences and public appropriations (Janssen 2007) foregrounds concerns substantial enough to compromise any comparative approach to the problem. This is, of course, an inevitable corollary of semantically convoluted concepts such as initiation. In this short research note I briefly list available cross-cultural tools and provide short critiques of them.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Modernization Magnitude: An Interval Measure Applicable to Post- and
           Pre-Industrial Societies. Denton, Trevor D.
    • Abstract: An interval measure of modernization is devised, applicable to pre- and post-industrial societies. The modernization of a society denotes the recency of its form of social organization in human (pre-)history. Murdock and Provost’ (1973) ordinal markers of pre-industrial modernization are updated to be interval measures observable today. The recency (in years) of marker gradations is not currently observable in prehistory, but marker gradations are observable in databases such as the pre-industrial “Standard Cross-Cultural Sample” and the World Bank’s post-industrial “World Development Indicators.” The modernization magnitude of a society is defined to be the mean of the standardized, updated, marker variable measures on the society. The new modernization construct and measure may be used for many purposes, including the testing of behavioral theory spanning post- and/or pre-industrial societies.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Pictures of Hearts and Daggers: Strong Emotions Are Expressed in Young
           Adolescents’ Drawings of their Attitudes towards Mathematics. Stiles,
           Deborah A.; Adkisson, Jamie L.; Sebben, Daniel; Tamashiro, Roy
    • Abstract: Enthusiasm for learning mathematics often declines in early adolescence. The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) (2003) found that 50% of fourth-graders but only 29% of eight-graders agreed strongly with the statement, “I enjoy learning mathematics.” The present study explored attitudes towards mathematics through the use of adolescents’ drawings and assessed the reliability and validity of drawings of math. One hundred twenty-nine U.S. students (mean age = 13.7 years) responded to these instructions, “Draw a picture of math and write about math. You can draw your feelings about math and your experiences with mathematics.” Drawings were scored by independent raters according to sixteen criteria; with interrater reliability ranging from .67 to 1.00. One hundred and one students also expressed their levels of agreement on a four-point scale with the TIMSS statements about learning, valuing, and enjoying mathematics. Attitudes towards mathematics expressed in drawings significantly corr...
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • A View of Identity as Developed by a Korean-American Teenager: Cultural
           Adaptation in a Korean Community in the United States. Han, Eun-Jeong
    • Abstract: This study explores how a 17-year-old Korean American girl displays identity and cultural adaptation in a Korean community in the United States. Audio-taped interviews and ethnographic observations were used to answer three main questions: (1) To which cultural identity does the girl primarily orient herself' (2) With what communication style does she interact in the Korean community' (3) How does she adapt her communication style to the Korean culture' The main subject was a 17-year old Korean American girl living in a southeastern coastal city in the United States. In-depth interviews of both the informant and her mother revealed the girl’s bicultural orientations. The girl considers herself both an American who is familiar with Korean culture and a Korean who is familiar with American culture. Her discourse, however, demonstrates the dominance of her American identity. Additional studies are needed to further our understanding of how such an identity is constructed in everyday interactions.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Jul 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison of Family Size and Composition between Muslim
           and Santal Communities in Rural Bangladesh. Uddin, Md. Emaj
    • Abstract: Every family adapts from one generation to another to specific environment in which they live and meet their human needs. In so doing, the couples of the family desire and plan ideal family size and composition and reproduce accordingly. They continue their reproductive behavior until they acquire planned family size. This paper, based on primary data collected from March to October, 2005 including 100 couples chosen by Cluster random sample (70 couples from Muslim community and 30 couples from Santal community), is an attempt to compare and explain family size and composition: ideal, actual, expected and adoption practice between Muslim and Santal communities in rural Bangladesh. Average current age of the study participants was 37.89 for husband and 29.89 for wife of the Muslim sample and 38.39 for husband and 29.04 for wife of the Santal sample. The analyses of independent sample t-tests revealed that there are significant differences in ideal, and expected family size and composition as well as adoption p...
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Mar 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Does the Twenty Statements Test Elicit Self-Concept Aspects that are Most
           Descriptive'. Carpenter, Sandra; Meade-Pruitt, S. Maria
    • Abstract: The Twenty Statements Test (TST) is widely used in cross-cultural psychology to elicit descriptions of the self-concept through free-format responses. This study examines whether the TST elicits descriptors that are most descriptive of the self-concept. Members of four ethnic groups in the United States participated, to assess the generalizability of the obtained patterns. Participants generated self-descriptions for the actual, ideal, and ought selves, then rated each description for its descriptiveness. Although a large proportion of self-descriptions were rated as “extremely descriptive,” some participants did not use the “extremely descriptive” rating for any of the descriptions they generated. Results suggest that descriptors generated earlier in the sequence are most descriptive, as are those generated in the actual self measure. The ratings of the extent of descriptiveness of the responses did not vary across four ethnic groups in the United States. These results are discussed in terms of the interpret...
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Mar 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of
           Modernization. Denton, Trevor
    • Abstract: A measure of modernization m ≥ 0 is created applicable to both preindustrial and contemporary societies. A sample of 174 preindustrial societies are coded for m ≥ 0, time t, 1800 ≤ t ≤ 1965 AD, 25 binary constructs X = 1, 0 (e.g. X = high, low divorce rate) and one continuous construct X > 0 (population density). A sample of 189 contemporary countries at 2000 AD is coded for the same constructs. For the 25 binary constructs parametric logistic regression functions P(X = 1) = f(m, t) are fitted to the combined sample of 363 societies. The candidate predictor set is powers from 1 to 3 of m, t and mt. Backward selection (α = 0.05) is used to reduce the candidate predictor set where appropriate. Since the 174 preindustrial societies are equally distributed over the 19th and 20th centuries it is assumed that the fitted models hold over 1800 AD ≤ t ≤ 2000 AD, although not necessarily prior to 1800 AD. Functions P(X = 1) = f(m) are fitted to the sample of 189 countries at 2000 AD. For the continuous construct X > 0 ...
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Mar 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • The Words of Our Ancestors: Kinship, Tradition, and Moral Codes. Coe,
           Kathryn; Palmer, Craig T.
    • Abstract: In this paper we use the cross-cultural record to identify the behavioral rules of conduct, and the system supporting those rules, that are found in traditional societies, such as tribal societies. We then draw on the historical record to identify the behavioral rules of conduct, and the system supporting those rules that were found in the early state. The proposal tested here is that in traditional societies the behavioral rules of conduct and the systems that support them (e.g., processes for identifying guilt, punishing offenders, enacting legislation, preventing conflict) are aimed at promoting enduring, cooperative relationships among individuals who are identified as kin through common ancestry. The assumption underlying this proposal is that once human females increased their investment in offspring, cultural strategies to protect those offspring became more important. A moral system, which is the term we use to refer to the early system of behavioral codes, protected offspring by turning conspecific t...
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Mar 2008 12:00:00 GMT
  • Contents1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This file contains the table of contents for volume 1, issue 1, 1986.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Contributors1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This file contains the names and affiliations of contributors to volume 1, issue 1, 1986.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Editor1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This article introduces World Cultures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Future1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This article identifies future data files to be published in World Cultures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Letters1#1. Bernard, H. Russell
    • Abstract: A letter from H. Russell Bernard.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Notes1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This file contains notes on the use of World Cultures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • Purpose1#1. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This file describes the purpose of World Cultures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • The Standard Sample: Introduction. Editors, WC
    • Abstract: This article introduces the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS00.COD. White, Douglas R.; Burton, Michael L.
    • Abstract: This is the Annotated Cumulative Codebook: Standard Cross-Cultural Sample.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS01.COD: Subsistence Economy and Supportive Practices. Murdock, George
           P.; Morrow, Diana O.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v1-v22 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from George P. Murdock and Diana O. Morrow. 1970. Subsistence Economy and Supportive Practices: Cross-Cultural Codes 1. Ethnology 9:302-330.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS02.COD: Infancy and Early Childhood. Barry, III, Herbert; Paxson,
           Leonora M.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v23-v60 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from Herbert Barry, III and Leonora M. Paxson. 1971 Infancy and Early Childhood: Cross-Cultural Codes 2. Ethnology 10: 466-508.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS03.COD: Settlement Patterns and Community Organization. Murdock,
           George P.; Wilson, Suzanne F.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v61-v80 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from George P. Murdock and Suzanne F. Wilson. 1972. Settlement Patterns and Community Organization: Cross Cultural Codes 3. ETHNOLOGY 11:254-295.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS04.COD: Political Organization. Tuden, Arthur; Marshall, Catherine
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v81-v98 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from Arthur Tuden and Catherine Marshall. 1972. Political Organization: Cross Cultural Codes 4. ETHNOLOGY 11:436-464.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS05.COD: Division of Labor. Murdock, George P.; Provost, Caterina
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v99-v148 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from George P. Murdock and Caterina Provost. 1973. Factors in the Division of Labor by Sex: A Cross Cultural Analysis. ETHNOLOGY 12:203-225.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS06.COD: Cultural Complexity. Murdock, George P.; Provost, Caterina
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v149-v158 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from George P. Murdock and Caterina Provost. 1971. Measurement of Cultural Complexity. Ethnology 12:379-392.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS07.COD: Sexual Attitudes and Practices. Broude, Gwen; Greene, Sarah J.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v159-v178 of the SCCS data set. These codes are from Gwen Broude and Sarah J. Greene. 1976. Cross-Cultural Codes on Twenty Sexual Attitudes and Practices. Ethnology 15:409-429.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • STDS08.COD: Climate Data from Weather Stations. Whiting, John W. M.
    • Abstract: This file describes codes for variables v179-v199 of the SCCS data set. They are from previously unpublished codes done by John W. M. Whiting, originally referenced in "Winter temperature as a constraint to the migration of preindustrial peoples" Whiting et al. American Anthropologist 84:279-298 (1982). The weather data are cited as coming from Walter, H., and H. Leith (1964) Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas, Jena: Gustav Fischer.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • VOLUME1#1: 2013 INTRODUCTION. Gray, J. Patrick
    • Abstract: This article discusses the web version of the first issue of World Cultures.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
  • The World Cultures Database. White, Douglas R.
    • Abstract: This article discusses the construction and uses of databases in comparative research.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jan 1986 12:00:00 GMT
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