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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

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Journal Cover Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2542-6273 - ISSN (Online) 2455-3069
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Depression: Let's talk

    • Authors: Susan Solomon
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Susan Solomon
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):1-2

      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):1-2
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evidence-based medicine in action: Critical appraisal of articles on
           therapy or intervention

    • Authors: Aneesh Basheer
      Pages: 3 - 8
      Abstract: Aneesh Basheer
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):3-8
      Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has gained acceptance as a means to improve patient outcomes. However, the practice of EBM necessitates the acquisition of certain skills beginning with the formulation of an answerable clinical question, effective search of the literature to find the best evidence, critically evaluating the evidence for its validity and the application of good evidence to patients giving due respect to their preferences and the clinician's individual expertise. Systematically analyzing the evidence is crucial to identifying the presence and degree of bias in the study, to determine the magnitude of the results in clinically relevant terms and deciding on the applicability to a particular patient. This process is termed critical appraisal. As research questions decide the appropriate study designs, the tools used for critically appraising different types of articles also vary. In general, critical appraisal of articles on therapy or intervention seek to clarify three issues – the internal validity of the study, the magnitude and precision of results, and the external validity of the study. This review aims to elucidate the practical ways in which each of these components of a critical appraisal can be approached and finally enable the clinician to use or ignore the evidence at hand. Since the acquisition of skills such as critical appraisal needs repetitive exposures and continuous constructive feedback, journal clubs offer ideal occasions where they can be initiated, pursued, and mastered. Judicious application of critical appraisal would no doubt aid the effective practice of EBM and ultimately improve patient care.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):3-8
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_14_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Sinus radiography for sinusitis: “Why” and if considering it
           then “how”?

    • Authors: Ujwala R Newadkar
      Pages: 9 - 15
      Abstract: Ujwala R Newadkar
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):9-15
      Sinonasal imaging is performed in two major clinical scenarios: inflammatory rhinosinusitis or a suspected mass lesion. The diagnosis of rhinosinusitis is based on clinical grounds. Radiological diagnosis forms an important tool in the armamentarium to diagnose and classify rhinosinusitis. Computed tomography (CT) scan, as well as magnetic resonance imaging, may at times complement each other, to aid the clinician arrive at a diagnosis. CT scans are the gold standard study guiding management of sinusitis because they accurately depict the sinus anatomy, including soft tissue changes, anatomic variations; the osteomeatal complex, and complications, especially those involving the orbit or intracranial structures. Nevertheless, despite the best radiologic modalities, a clinicoradiological correlation is a must to accurately diagnose this often deceptive condition called rhinosinusitis.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):9-15
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_13_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Recounting the advancement of platelet concentrates

    • Authors: Mrinalini Agarwal Bhatnagar, D Deepa
      Pages: 16 - 20
      Abstract: Mrinalini Agarwal Bhatnagar, D Deepa
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):16-20
      Platelets play a crucial role in homeostasis and wound healing. Wound healing is a complex, multi-staged process that deals with multiple cell types such as platelets, leukocytes, and also growth factors. Growth factors present in platelets guide the regenerating cells to the area of healing. In the recent past, numerous techniques have been developed to utilize autologous platelet concentrates for the repair and regeneration of soft and hard tissues after periodontal surgical procedures. This review focuses on the evolution of platelet concentrates, and compares the widely used second-generation platelet concentrate, i.e., leukocyte platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with a newer third-generation platelet concentrate, i.e., titanium-prepared PRF.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):16-20
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_41_16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Implementation of active surveillance system to track hospital-acquired
           infections in a tertiary care hospital in India

    • Authors: R Deepashree, Ramya Raghavan, Apurba Sankar Sastry
      Pages: 21 - 28
      Abstract: R Deepashree, Ramya Raghavan, Apurba Sankar Sastry
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):21-28
      Background: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a threat to public health and addressing this issue will help to plan appropriate preventive strategies. Full-fledged active HAIs surveillance is the cornerstone in assessing the burden of HAIs. This study was planned to assess the burden of HAIs by implementing a hospital-wide active surveillance system in a large tertiary care teaching hospital in south India and compare findings with those of National Health Safety Network United States (NHSN US) and International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) India HAI rates.Materials and Methods: Active HAIs' surveillance was initiated in 18 Intensive Care Units (ICUs) from January 2015 to September 2016. All patients admitted in the ICUs were followed up by the infection control nurses, and surveillance was done for device-associated infections (DAIs). The cumulative rates of the DAIs and device utilization (DU) rates and surgical site infection (SSI) rates were determined for all the ICUs. These data were compared with corresponding NHSN and INICC India HAI rates.Results: Total number of patient days for the entire study period was 111294, pooled mean ventilator-associated pneumonia rate was 25.00/1000 ventilator days (NHSN US 2.0 and INICC India 9.4); Pooled mean central line-associated blood stream infection rate was 7.2/1000 central line days (NHSN US 1.1 and INICC India 5.1). The pooled mean ICU catheter-associated urinary tract infection rate was 6.1/1000 catheter days (2.1 NHSN US and 2.9 INICC India). The pooled mean SSI rate was found to be 3.5/100 surgeries. The DU rates had a significant positive agreement with the DAI rates. The DAI rates of most of the ICUs were found be to be higher than NHSN US and INICC India rates.Conclusion: There is an increasing need to implement an active surveillance system to detect and monitor the HAI rates which would be vital to implement infection control measures in a proactive manner rather than reactive.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):21-28
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_16_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Correlation of empiric antibiotic use with susceptibility pattern of blood
           isolates in septicemic patients in an Intensive Care Unit

    • Authors: S Annamallaei, K Sandhya Bhat
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: S Annamallaei, K Sandhya Bhat
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):29-35
      Background: Bloodstream infections remain a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Respiratory tract, genitourinary tract, and intra-abdominal foci are often the common identifiable foci of these infections. Definitive treatment based on blood cultures and susceptibility is essential to treat sepsis cases for better outcome. This study was conducted to document the bacteriological profile, their susceptibility pattern, antibiotics used for empiric and definitive treatment, escalation or de-escalation of antibiotics done following antibiogram report.Materials and Methods: descriptive study was carried out for a period of 1 year after obtaining waiver of consent from Institute Ethics Committee. Demographic details, length of hospital stay, risk factors, bacteriological profile with antimicrobial resistance pattern, empiric antibiotic and definitive antibiotic given and outcome of patient were recorded. Statistical analysis was done by using IBM SPSS version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) software.Results: Overall prevalence of sepsis was 9.5%. Gram-negative bacteria were more commonly isolated (62.8%) than Gram-positive bacteria (37.2%), and Escherichia coli was the most common isolate (24.3%). Antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative bacterial isolates was maximum with ciprofloxacin (51.3%) and ceftriaxone (45.2%), and least with amikacin, imipenem (16.7%), and polymyxin B (2.6%).Penicillin group of antibiotics were commonly used for empiric treatment, and glycopeptides/polymyxins and carbapenems were most preferred for definitive treatment.Conclusion: Knowledge about prevalence, risk factors, bacteriological profile, and their antibiogram resistance pattern is essential to select the antibiotic for the empiric treatment of suspected cases of sepsis and to formulate antibiotic policy. It is also important to de-escalate/escalate antibiotics according to the susceptibility report for a better outcome and to shorten the period of morbidity.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):29-35
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Glycated hemoglobin in parturient mothers and anthropometry in term
           neonates: A hospital-based study

    • Authors: Jenifer Vani, Satish Korah Kuruvila, Lalitha Krishnan
      Pages: 36 - 39
      Abstract: Jenifer Vani, Satish Korah Kuruvila, Lalitha Krishnan
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):36-39
      Context: Gestational diabetes mellitus is the most common medical complication of pregnancy and is considered a major public health problem associated with an increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity rates.Aims: The aim of this study is to correlate glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values of parturient mothers with anthropometry of their newborn babies.Settings and Design: This was a prospective, observational study.Subjects and Methods: A total of 1000 patients and their babies who had fulfilled the inclusion criteria and had signed the consent were enrolled in the study. The HbA1c values of parturient mothers with anthropometry of their newborn babies were documented. Correlation analysis of the observed values was of the anthropometry, and the HbA1c values were evaluated.Statistical Analysis Used: Correlation tests were used for statistical analysis.Results: A statistical correlation is seen between an HbA1c value >6% and a birth weight more than 3700 g. A similar correlation is seen between a normal HbA1c value and a birth weight between 2500 and 3700 g.Conclusions: The anthropometric findings could be of value in the management of the newborn babies in the absence of laboratory evidence of deranged sugar values in the antenatal period, especially in the low-resource settings.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):36-39
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation and comparison of the antimicrobial effect of two different
           mouthwashes on selected periodontal pathogens: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Gunjan Richa, Pushpa S Pudakalkatti, Vinayak Joshi
      Pages: 40 - 44
      Abstract: Gunjan Richa, Pushpa S Pudakalkatti, Vinayak Joshi
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):40-44
      Introduction: Antimicrobial mouth rinses as an adjunct to nonsurgical periodontal therapy can play an important role in maintaining oral health.Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of Listerine and HiOra® mouthrinses and compare their efficacy on four specific standard bacterial strains, namely, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Prevotella intermedia (Pi), and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn).Settings and Design: Ethical clearance for the study was granted by the Institutional Ethics Committee.Materials and Methods: Aa, Pg, Pi, and Fn were maintained on enriched tryptic soy agar. Listerine and HiOra were tested against these bacterial strains using agar diffusion and broth dilution assay method where minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were defined as the lowest concentration of test agent, either showing no or few bacterial growth colonies and by lack of turbidity, respectively. Distilled water was used as the control group. The tests were run three times for each mouthrinse against each organism. The results obtained were compared by their median values.Results: All the strains showed sensitivity towards both the test solutions. Listerine showed a lower MIC value than HiOra against all the strains, except Fn where the MIC value by broth dilution was 3.12 mcg/ml and by agar method was 90% concentration for both the test solutions. Both the test solutions had antibacterial effect at various concentrations.Conclusion: Listerine, the essential oil-based mouthrinse, was observed to be more potent than the herbal mouthrinse HiOra where both had antimicrobial effect.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):40-44
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_40_16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Etiological spectrum of tetany in a teaching institution of western part
           of West Bengal - A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Gouranga Santra, Himanshu Barman
      Pages: 45 - 50
      Abstract: Gouranga Santra, Himanshu Barman
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):45-50
      Introduction: Studies describing etiological distribution of tetany are rare, and awareness regarding it is poor among physicians. Our study describes different causes of tetany beyond the decrease in total serum calcium level.Methods: Patients with overt or latent tetany were evaluated clinically and from laboratory investigations. Initial investigations done were serum calcium, potassium, and arterial blood gas analysis. Both ionized and total calcium were assessed and corrected according to serum albumin level. Depending on initial reports, further tests were done such as serum phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone and magnesium levels; and urine potassium, calcium and chloride levels.Results: Gitelman's syndrome (GS), Bartter's syndrome (BS), recurrent vomiting, anxiety hyperventilation, Vitamin D3deficiency (VDD), idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP), postoperative hypoparathyroidism (PHP), acute pancreatitis, tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), and hypomagnesemia were the different causes of tetany identified. Out of 53 patients, total serum calcium was normal in 41 patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis (GS, BS, recurrent vomiting, and anxiety hyperventilation). Total calcium was low only in 12 patients (in VDD, IHP, PHP, acute pancreatitis, TLS, and hypomagnesemia). Ionized calcium was low in all patients. GS was the most common (38%). Recurrent vomiting (19%), anxiety hyperventilation (13%), and VDD (11%) were also common. PHP was less common (4%); acute pancreatitis, TLS, hypomagnesemia, and IHP were uncommon.Conclusion: Tetany has diverse etiologies. Both metabolic and respiratory alkalosis cause decrease in ionized calcium and are responsible for the majority of cases of tetany. Causes other than decreased total calcium should be kept in mind for early etiological diagnosis of tetany.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):45-50
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_20_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Melioidosis mimicking cold abscess

    • Authors: Sherly Antony, Desdemona Rasitha, Nirmal P Kumar, Sheela Devi Chandrakesan
      Pages: 51 - 53
      Abstract: Sherly Antony, Desdemona Rasitha, Nirmal P Kumar, Sheela Devi Chandrakesan
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):51-53
      Melioidosis is an infectious disease with varied clinical manifestations. Majority of its symptoms mimic tuberculosis. We report a case of a 19-year-old girl who presented with a swelling on the anterior aspect of her neck of 2 months' duration. It was provisionally diagnosed as cold abscess with fine-needle aspiration cytology done for confirmation. Burkholderia pseudomallei was isolated from the aspirate. The isolate was sensitive to ceftazidime, imipenem, meropenem, and cotrimoxazole. Ultrasound did not reveal any similar lesions elsewhere in the body. Treatment was instituted with intravenous injection of 2 g ceftazidime 6th hourly. The abscess was incised and drained. After completion of intensive phase for 2 weeks, treatment was switched to maintenance phase with cotrimoxazole three tablets for every 12 hours. High level of clinical and microbiological suspicion is important to detect and treat melioidosis in nonendemic areas. Patient's compliance to long-term medications is required which makes treatment a challenge.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):51-53
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_3_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A unique variation in axial gut vasculature

    • Authors: V Dinesh Kumar, R Rajprasath, Virender Kumar Nim
      Pages: 54 - 56
      Abstract: V Dinesh Kumar, R Rajprasath, Virender Kumar Nim
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):54-56
      Variations in gut axial vasculature warrant attention owing to its catastrophes which arise during surgeries of the upper abdomen. Here, we report a case of anomalous origin of the middle colic artery from the celiac trunk in an approximately 70-year-old male cadaver. Celiac trunk forms the axial vasculature of the foregut. The middle colic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery, the axial vasculature of mid-gut. Among the anatomical variations in the branching pattern of gut vasculature, the knowledge regarding this anomaly would, therefore, be helpful for the gastroenterologists, radiologists, and interventionists.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):54-56
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_11_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Atopic keratoconjunctivitis: A classical presentation and the emerging
           role of tacrolimus in its management

    • Authors: Rohan Suresh Ninan, Elfride Farokh Sanjana, Hannah Ranjee Prasanth, Sheela Kuruvila
      Pages: 57 - 59
      Abstract: Rohan Suresh Ninan, Elfride Farokh Sanjana, Hannah Ranjee Prasanth, Sheela Kuruvila
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):57-59
      We describe a rare and classical presentation of atopic keratoconjunctivitis that responded well to tacrolimus skin ointment. Furthermore, the emerging role of tacrolimus in the treatment of atopy is also highlighted briefly.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):57-59
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2455-3069.210343
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Subsegmental consolidation masquerading as extralobar bronchopulmonary
           sequestration presenting as pyrexia of unknown origin

    • Authors: Mashkura Riyazuddeen, Sudhagar Mookkappan, Nayyar Iqbal
      Pages: 60 - 63
      Abstract: Mashkura Riyazuddeen, Sudhagar Mookkappan, Nayyar Iqbal
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):60-63
      Acinetobacter baumannii infection is common among inpatients and is a major cause of hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia. It is rare for this pathogen to cause community-acquired pneumonia. Eighty percent of the patients with community-acquired Acinetobacter present with lobar consolidation. Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital disorder with incidence of 1 in 10,000–35,000 live births. Intralobar sequestration is more common than extralobar. Affected individual generally presents with respiratory distress at an early age. Late manifestation with the lower respiratory tract infection has also been reported. We report an interesting case of subsegmental consolidation masquerading as extralobar sequestration of the lung in an adult who presented with pyrexia of unknown origin.
      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):60-63
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_18_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Strategic implementation of the global strategy for the containment of the
           infective viral hepatitis

    • Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Pages: 64 - 65
      Abstract: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):64-65

      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):64-65
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_7_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Osteochondroma of the scaphoid in a 5-year-old child: A rare case report

    • Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Pages: 66 - 66
      Abstract: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):66-66

      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):66-66
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_1_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Author's Reply

    • Authors: Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Abey Thomas Babu, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Mohnish Palanisamy, Susy S Kurian, Syed Najimudeen
      Pages: 67 - 67
      Abstract: Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Abey Thomas Babu, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Mohnish Palanisamy, Susy S Kurian, Syed Najimudeen
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):67-67

      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):67-67
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2455-3069.210348
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Empowering the vulnerable and disadvantaged girls from the indigenous
           community of Guatemala

    • Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Pages: 68 - 69
      Abstract: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):68-69

      Citation: Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine 2017 3(1):68-69
      PubDate: Wed,12 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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