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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2468-8827 - ISSN (Online) 2468-8835
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Two years on, and what an amazing journey

    • Authors: Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):1-2

      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):1-2
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_17_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Sustainable development goals and noncommunicable diseases: Roadmap till
           2030 – A plenary session of world noncommunicable diseases congress
           2017

    • Authors: Soundappan Kathirvel, Jarnail Singh Thakur Rapporteurs
      Pages: 3 - 8
      Abstract: Soundappan Kathirvel, Jarnail Singh Thakur Rapporteurs
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):3-8
      The global epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) was recognized by the United Nations and is addressed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030. This review article describes the proceedings of the plenary session “SDGs and NCDs: Roadmap till 2030” of the first “World NCD Congress 2017” held at Chandigarh, India. The plenary session emphasized the need for political commitment to take up NCD agenda at the national level to prevent and reduce the premature NCD deaths. Establishing the national action plan and monitoring framework for prevention and control of NCDs are the major initial initiatives to implement the best buy NCD interventions. Primary prevention of four common and shared risk factors and health system strengthening are the important interventions to achieve the SDG goal 3.4. The implementation strategies at subnational level and engagement of sectors other than health on prevention and control of NCDs can be reviewed and further researched for effective implementation of the identified interventions.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):3-8
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_1_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Association between medication adherence and blood pressure control in
           urban hypertensive patients in central India

    • Authors: Ratinder Jhaj, Pushp Raj Gour, Sweta Kumari, Shweta Sharma
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract: Ratinder Jhaj, Pushp Raj Gour, Sweta Kumari, Shweta Sharma
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):9-14
      Introduction: Cardiovascular and renal complications associated with hypertension (HTN) can be reduced if blood pressure (BP) is well controlled. However, a large percentage of patients fail to achieve target BPs, largely due to poor medication adherence. We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients of HTN to assess patient adherence to treatment and the association between medication adherence and BP control.Methodology: The study was a cross-sectional survey of adult hypertensive patients of either sex who had been on antihypertensive therapy for the past 3 months. Medication adherence was measured using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8). Level of control of BP was evaluated using the BP goals recommended by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC-8).Results: Out of a total of 200 patients, only 29.5% of patients had achieved their target BP as per JNC-8 recommendations after a minimum of 3 months of antihypertensive therapy. The average adherence score on the MMAS-8 was 6.47 (±1.8). A high adherence was found in 39% of patients, while 32.5% of HTN patients had a medium score and 28.5% had low adherence scores. There was a significant correlation between medication adherence and BP control. Only 1.5% of patients with low adherence score and 11.5% with medium score had achieved their target BP while 16.5% with high had done so.Conclusion: Higher medication adherence scores were associated with better BP control. However, the percentage of patients with controlled HTN on treatment was low as was the proportion of patients with a high medication adherence score.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):9-14
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_29_16
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cardiovascular disease risk assessment in Nigerian adults with type 2
           diabetes and metabolic syndrome using the Framingham's risk score

    • Authors: Ifeoma Christiana Udenze, Casmir Ezenwa Amadi
      Pages: 15 - 20
      Abstract: Ifeoma Christiana Udenze, Casmir Ezenwa Amadi
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):15-20
      Background: Cardiovascular morbidity is a major burden in Nigerian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare the cardiovascular risk scores of type 2 diabetics with those of individuals with metabolic syndrome and in healthy controls and examine the impact of glycemic control and lifestyle on cardiovascular risk.Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of adult Nigerians with type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and age- and sex-matched controls. Written informed consent was obtained from all the participants. The Ethics Committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, approved the study protocol.Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS software version 20.0 package. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.Results: There was a statistically significant difference in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores between the group with diabetes (20.41 ± 12.98), metabolic syndrome (10.00 ± 6.35) and the control group (6.79 ± 7.81) (P < 0.001), and also in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c),high-density lipoproteins (HDL)-cholesterol, total cholesterol , and triglyceride concentrations between the groups (P < 0.05). CVD risk correlated positively and significantly with HbA1c, body mass index and waist circumference and negatively with the level of education (P < 0.05). Only 52.2% of the people with diabetes on treatment achieved HbA1ctarget of <7%.Conclusion: People with Type 2 diabetes had high CVD risk scores, control of CVD risk factors is not optimum in adult Nigerians. Strategies to achieve better glycemic control, weight reduction, and increase literacy levels will help achieve CVD risk reduction in adult Nigerians.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):15-20
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_33_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Community environment and its relationship with tobacco use in selected
           North Indian communities

    • Authors: Ramashankar Rath, Anand Krishnan, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Puneet Misra
      Pages: 21 - 27
      Abstract: Ramashankar Rath, Anand Krishnan, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Puneet Misra
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):21-27
      Background: Community environmental factors can influence tobacco use and their modification could be one of the ways for reduction of tobacco use. This study measured community environmental determinants of tobacco use in urban and rural Haryana and relates them to tobacco use.Materials and Methods: Community audit was done in ten rural and urban communities of Ballabgarh, Haryana, to characterize the community, map establishments selling tobacco, and tobacco advertisements. Individual establishments were assessed for their compliance to national law. Fifteen men and 15 women were sampled from each community and interviewed for tobacco use, exposure to tobacco promotion, knowledge of tobacco laws, and attitude toward tobacco. Multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was conducted to measure community-level determinants' contribution to tobacco use.Results: Overall, 218 establishments and 552 participants were assessed in these 20 communities. The median density of tobacco-selling stores expressed in terms of per square kilometer area of the community was 82.9 (75.5- 110.8) for rural area and lower in urban area 34.6 (9.0- 91.0). Nearly 18.5% of participants were currently using tobacco. Multilevel modeling shows that 35% of the differences in the tobacco use in the community were explained by community-level differences.Conclusion: The higher dependency of tobacco consumption on the community environment needs to be further explored.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):21-27
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_34_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Do smoke-free laws or policies impact smoking at home? A comparison
           between smoke-free and nonsmoke-free jurisdiction in India

    • Authors: Neelam Bhatt, Mira B Aghi, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Pranay Lal, Vivek Gupta, Ajay MV Kumar, Govind Kumar Tripathi, Rana J Singh
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: Neelam Bhatt, Mira B Aghi, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Pranay Lal, Vivek Gupta, Ajay MV Kumar, Govind Kumar Tripathi, Rana J Singh
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):28-35
      Background: Globally, various studies have looked at the effect of smoke-free declaration in public spaces on secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home. However, a formal evaluation has not been reported from India. We assessed and compared smoking at home in two jurisdictions in India – a compliance-validated smoke-free jurisdiction (Shimla in 2010) versus a nonsmoke-free jurisdiction (Haridwar) between 2009 and 2015.Methods: We randomly sampled 247 households (with one smoker at least as on October 2009) each in Shimla (n = 123) and Haridwar (n = 124) during July–August 2015. Through an interviewer-administered questionnaire, information on number of bidi/cigarette smoked per day in the household (at home and at work) was collected from the smoking member across five time points: 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2015. From the nonsmoking member, we collected information regarding change in number of smokes per day and change in place of smoking in the household before and after 2010. We fitted a mixed effects maximum likelihood regression using random intercepts model for the effect of smoke-free declaration on number of smokes per day by the household adjusted for baseline differences, secular trends, clustering of data, and other potential confounders (time/year, number of children, number of adults, annual household income, and type of tobacco).Results: Introduction of smoke-free declaration in Shimla resulted in a decrease (over 1 year) of 1.24 (0.95 confidence interval [CI]: 0.8, 1.7), 0.55 (0.95 CI: 0.14, 0.96), and 0.98 (0.95 CI: 0.3, 1.6) bidi/cigarette smoked per day per household at home, at work, and at “work and home combined,” respectively. Within homes, when compared to Haridwar, there was an improved desirable behavior such as reduction in smoking within home and increase in smoking outside home in Shimla (reported by nonsmoking member).Conclusion: Smoke-free laws in public spaces in Shimla, India, were associated with the reduction in SHS exposure at home.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):28-35
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_38_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Primary caregiver involvement in management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A
           community-based observational study from urban Puducherry

    • Authors: Bijaya Nanda Naik, Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Srikanta Kanungo, Mahalakshmy T, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
      Pages: 36 - 41
      Abstract: Bijaya Nanda Naik, Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Srikanta Kanungo, Mahalakshmy T, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
      International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):36-41
      Background: Adherence to medication and lifestyle modification is an important predictor of positive outcome of diabetes management among adults in which primary caregiver (PCG) plays an important role.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe the involvement of PCG in adherence to the drugs, diets, and lifestyle changes among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in an urban area of Puducherry.Methodology: A total of 311 type 2 diabetes patients irrespective of their source of diabetes care were included from the service area of an urban health and training center in an urban area of Puducherry. The PCG for each patient was identified, and the PCG and the patient were interviewed separately to obtain the information on adherence and involvement in various aspects of diabetes management, respectively, using an interview schedule. The information on diabetes control status of the patient was obtained from the records available.Results: About 10% of the patients did not have caregiver. Nearly 90% of the PCGs were involved in either of the lifestyle modification, drug adherence, checking type and frequency of medication, accompanying for consultation, or all. About 80% of the PCGs remind the patient to take medicines when out of station mainly by phone call/short message service. Encouragement toward physical activity was proportionately less compared to diet and drugs, and that was reflected in the patient's level of adherence in those domains. Overall involvement of spouse was more than the nonspouse. PCG involvement was found to be significantly associated with adherence to diet (P = 0.027) but not with drug and physical activity (P > 0.05).Conclusion: The PCG should also be considered while designing health education intervention on various aspects of diabetes management, focusing and highlighting the areas of poor involvement and their importance in disease management. The health system should place special focus on patients without PCG.
      Citation: International Journal of Noncommunicable Diseases 2018 3(1):36-41
      PubDate: Wed,18 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jncd.jncd_11_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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