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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
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J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Dental Sciences
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   ISSN (Print) 0976-4003 - ISSN (Online) 2231-2293
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • A comparative evaluation of awareness regarding periodontal health and
           oral hygiene practices among dental and medical undergraduate students in
           Beed District of Maharashtra

    • Authors: Mangesh Ganesh Andhare, Roshan P Dhonge, Rajaprasenjit Maroti Dhuldhwaj, Rohanjeet A Dede, Iram Fatem N. Sayyad
      Pages: 215 - 219
      Abstract: Mangesh Ganesh Andhare, Roshan P Dhonge, Rajaprasenjit Maroti Dhuldhwaj, Rohanjeet A Dede, Iram Fatem N. Sayyad
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):215-219
      Background: Dental and medical students are the healthcare takers of the general population. They play an important role in oral health care and its promotion in the society. Hence, their self-awareness regarding periodontal health and oral hygiene practices is mandatory. Aim: This study aims to evaluate awareness regarding periodontal health and oral hygiene practices among dental and medical undergraduate students. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 participants, out of which 100 medical and 100 dental undergraduate students were selected for this study. Structured questionnaires regarding teeth cleaning habit, use of tooth brushing, tongue cleaning, perception of halitosis, and treatment taken for halitosis were prepared and distributed to collect information regarding awareness of periodontal health and oral hygiene. The data were subjected to statistical analyses. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test was applied for comparison among dental and medical undergraduate students. P value was considered statistically significant at P < 0.005 level. Results: Strongly significant differences were observed among the dental and medical students in brushing teeth twice daily, routine dental visit for oral hygiene maintenance, self-perception for halitosis, and treatment taken for halitosis (P < 0.005). Conclusion: Both the medical as well as dental professional students must be encouraged to be a good role model in promoting oral health education for their families, friends, patients, and ultimately for the society.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):215-219
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_87_16
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Gingival crevicular blood: A noninvasive pathway to determine blood
           glucose level in periodontal patients

    • Authors: Sohini Banerjee, Rajashree Ganguly, Tamal Kanti Pal
      Pages: 220 - 224
      Abstract: Sohini Banerjee, Rajashree Ganguly, Tamal Kanti Pal
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):220-224
      Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and reliability of estimation of blood glucose level of patients with diabetes suffering from periodontal disease using gingival crevicular blood through periodontal pockets. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 patients with a known history of diabetes mellitus suffering from chronic periodontal diseases having visible signs of gingival inflammation were selected for the study based on other inclusion criteria. The excess gingival crevicular blood produced during routine periodontal examinations were carefully collected onto the glucometer test strips, and blood glucose levels were estimated with the help of glucose self-monitoring device (Glucometer). The finger-prick blood samples were also collected and glucose levels were also estimated using Glucometer. Patient's venous blood samples were collected at the same time, and blood glucose estimations were done using conventional laboratory measurements. Results: The results of this study revealed a strong correlation between (a) the gingival crevicular blood glucose (GCBG) and finger-prick blood glucose (Pearson's correlation r = 0.982; P < 0.001); and also (b) between GCBG and corrected venous blood glucose (Pearson's correlation r = 0.891; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Oozing blood from the gingival crevice during the routine periodontal examination can be used as a quick, noninvasive, chair-side diagnostic mode to estimate, and/or monitor blood glucose levels in periodontal patient suffering from diabetes mellitus with the help of Glucometer.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):220-224
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_88_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Applicability of bolton&#39;s analysis to a South Telangana
           population

    • Authors: T Saritha, C Sunitha, P Kiran Kumar, R Naveen
      Pages: 225 - 232
      Abstract: T Saritha, C Sunitha, P Kiran Kumar, R Naveen
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):225-232
      Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the anterior and overall tooth size discrepancies in different malocclusions and evaluate its effect on gender in a sample of South Telangana (Khammam) population and to compare it with Bolton standards. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 311 pretreatment study casts, which were selected from records of orthodontic patients, who were residents of Khammam, South Telangana. The sample was divided into three groups based on Angle Class I, II, and III malocclusions and further subdivided into male and female groups. The mesiodistal diameters of the teeth were measured using digital calipers, and the Bolton's analysis was carried out. Statistical Analysis Used: Intraclass correlation coefficient was assessed using Dahlberg's formula. ANOVA and post hoc least significant difference test were used. Results: The mean anterior and overall ratios were 79.17 ± 2.91 and 92.3 ± 1.88, respectively. A total of 64% and 45% of the study population had tooth size discrepancies in the anterior and overall ratios when assessed for >±1 standard deviation (SD). When the sample was assessed for discrepancies >±2 SD, it was observed that a total of 33.8% and 5.5% patients had anterior and overall tooth size discrepancies. Conclusions: With significant differences being observed between Bolton's and the present study values, the need for population standards gains importance for better results at the end of orthodontic treatment.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):225-232
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_95_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Comparison of the effect of various storage media on the fracture
           resistance of the reattached incisor tooth fragments: An in vitro study

    • Authors: Rahul Jagannath Hegde, Swati Jagannath Kale
      Pages: 233 - 236
      Abstract: Rahul Jagannath Hegde, Swati Jagannath Kale
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):233-236
      Background: Fragment reattachment is a conservative and a valid alternative compared to direct composite. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess and compare effect of storage medium on the fracture resistance of the reattached tooth fragments stored in dry conditions for 1, 6, and 24 h, in milk for 1, 6, and 24 h, and in saline for 1, 6, and 24 h. Materials and Methods: A total of 72 freshly extracted human permanent maxillary central incisors were fractured intentionally using a low-speed diamond disk along, and saline was used as a coolant. The fractured fragments were stored in dry conditions, milk, and saline. The fragments were then reattached to respective apical parts and subjected to thermocycling, followed by fracture resistance test using universal testing machine at the speed of 1 mm/min and were recorded in newtons (N). Results: It was observed that fracture resistance of 43.846 ± 11.363 N was required for fragment stored in dry storage media at 24 h, for milk, fracture resistance of 97.363 ± 47.739 N was observed at 24 h, and for fragments stored in normal saline, it was 162.856 ± 93.932 N at 24 h. Conclusion: In the present study, the highest fracture resistance was observed for fragments stored in saline for 24 h, followed by milk for 24 h and then dry storage. The fragments stored in milk exhibited higher fracture resistance than the fragments stored in a dry environment. Therefore, milk can be considered as an interim storage media as it maintains hydration of fragment.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):233-236
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_70_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Radiographic evaluation and predictors of periapical lesions in patients
           with root-filled and nonroot-filled teeth in Kuwait

    • Authors: Manal Maslamani, Jawad Behbahani, Amal K Mitra
      Pages: 237 - 240
      Abstract: Manal Maslamani, Jawad Behbahani, Amal K Mitra
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):237-240
      Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the association between periapical health status with the quality of the root filling and was the coronal restoration and identify the predictors of periapical lesion. Subjects and Methods: It was conducted among 197 adult patients who visited Kuwait University. Periapical status was measured by periapical index. The presence or absence of periapical lesions was evaluated using panoramic radiographs. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Chi-square tests were performed to assess associations between categorical variables. Results: Of the 4,841 teeth examined, 2.7% were root-filled (n = 130). Thirty-four percent of the root-filled teeth (n = 44), and 3% of the nonroot-filled teeth (n = 141 of 4711) exhibited periapical radiolucency. Of the root filled teeth, 49% were judged to be inadequate (n = 64) and 91% of the inadequate ones had short root filling (n = 58). The presence of periapical lesion was significantly predicted by inadequate coronal restoration, dental caries, periodontal bone loss, and the presence of post crown. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a large number of untreated teeth with periapical pathology. The quality of root fillings in this population appeared to be poor and was significantly associated with a high prevalence of apical periodontitis.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):237-240
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_78_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Fracture resistance of class IV fiber-reinforced composite resin
           restorations: An in vitro study

    • Authors: PS Praveen Kumar, KT Srilatha, B Nandlal
      Pages: 241 - 244
      Abstract: PS Praveen Kumar, KT Srilatha, B Nandlal
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):241-244
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate fracture resistance of incisal edge fractures (Class IV) restored with a Glass Fiber-reinforced Composite (FRC). Materials and Methods: Twenty-four extracted sound maxillary central incisors were randomly divided into two groups. Group I (control) contained untreated teeth. Samples in experimental groups II were prepared by cutting the incisal (one-third) part of the crown horizontally and was subjected to enamel preparations, then restored with a Glass FRC. Fracture resistance was evaluated as Newton's for samples tested in a Hounsfield universal testing machine. Failure modes were examined microscopically. Results: Mean peak failure load (Newton's) observed in Glass Fiber-reinforced Nanocomposite was 863.50 ± 76.12. The experimental group showed similar types of failure modes with the majority occurring as cohesive and mixed type. 58% of the teeth in Glass FRC group fractured below the cementoenamel junction. Conclusion: Using Fiber reinforced composite substructure under conventional composites in Class IV restorations, the fracture resistance of the restored incisal edge could be increased.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):241-244
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_96_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of thickness of palatal masticatory mucosa in posterior teeth
           and its relation with age and gender

    • Authors: Manish Khatri, Geeti Gupta, Komal Puri, Mansi Bansal, Surbhi Garg, Parveen Ranga
      Pages: 245 - 250
      Abstract: Manish Khatri, Geeti Gupta, Komal Puri, Mansi Bansal, Surbhi Garg, Parveen Ranga
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):245-250
      Background: To evaluate the thickness of palatal masticatory mucosa in posterior teeth by transgingival probing and determine its relation with age and gender. Materials and Methods: Forty systemically healthy volunteers with age range 16–38 years were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Eighteen measurement points were made on the cast that was transferred onto the palate using clear acrylic stent to measure thickness. Three different lines a, b, and c: 3, 8, and 12 mm, respectively, from the gingival margin were made starting at the mid-palatal aspect of the canine and ending over the palatal root of the second molar. Six points were defined on each of the lines: Ca (mid-palatal aspect of the canine), P1 (mid-palatal aspect of the first premolar), P2 (mid-palatal aspect of the second premolar), M1 (palatal root of the first molar), Mi (interproximal aspect between the first and second molar), and M2 (palatal root of the second molar). Results: Soft-tissue thickness progressively increased in sites further from the gingival margin and was thickest adjacent to mid-palatal aspect of the second premolar 12 mm away from gingival margin. Younger age group patients had thinner posterior palatal mucosa as compared to older age group patients. Males had thicker posterior palatal mucosa as compared to females, but results were statistically insignificant. Conclusion: The thickness of posterior palatal mucosa showed a varied degree of variation at different marked areas in different teeth, and the difference in the mean thickness was also associated with age and gender.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):245-250
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_82_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The prevalence of natural tooth colors in the people of North India

    • Authors: Harinder Kuckreja, KB S. Kuckreja, Dalbir Bhullar, Sangeeta Nahar, Aakriti Singh, Aditi Jain
      Pages: 251 - 255
      Abstract: Harinder Kuckreja, KB S. Kuckreja, Dalbir Bhullar, Sangeeta Nahar, Aakriti Singh, Aditi Jain
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):251-255
      Aims and Objectives: Tooth color is a major factor with regard to dental esthetics. Restorative dentistry has evolved from its previous dentist driven to patient driven service and patient opinion plays an important role in selecting the treatment plan. Whitening teeth and smile designing for esthetic purpose is currently fashionable. Selection of appropriate tooth shade for edentulous patients is an important part of teeth replacement. Most patients prefer having lighter shades. However ultimate objective of esthetic dentistry is to create a beautiful smile, with teeth of pleasing inherent proportions to one another and color in harmony with gingiva, lips and face of the patient. Proper shade selection has a positive impact on the patient's acceptance of the treatment. The present study was designed to measure the tooth colors in a particular age group of North Indian population. There is enough data to support the use of objective methods of measuring shade and dentists are shifting to these newer technologies but subjective methods of shade selection are still popular as the digital devices are expensive. Materials and Methods: In the present study, shade of cervical, middle and incisal third of the facial surface of natural maxillary central incisor was measured with digital colorimeter, VITA Easyshade® Advance 4.0. It is an optical reading device that can assess the wavelengths reflected back to its sensors. Lighting in operatory does not affect the shade measurement. It is extremely accurate. The limitation of study was its small sample size. Conclusion: It was concluded that the most prevalent shade in cervical third was 1M2, middle third was 1M1 and incisal third was 2M1.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):251-255
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_86_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Cryosurgery for the treatment of oral leukoplakia: Satisfying or
           not?

    • Authors: Varun Kumar, Divye Malhotra, Ashish G Mular, Swapnil Sachan, Deepali Sharma
      Pages: 256 - 260
      Abstract: Varun Kumar, Divye Malhotra, Ashish G Mular, Swapnil Sachan, Deepali Sharma
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):256-260
      Background: Oral leukoplakia is a common precancerous lesion that may transform into squamous cell carcinoma. Epidemiology reports available from studies conducted in different parts of India reveals the prevalence rate of leukoplakia from 0.2% to 8%. The malignant transformation rates of oral lesions are reported to be 1%–7% for homogenous thick leukoplakia, 4%–15% for granular or verruciform leukoplakia, and 18%–47% for erythroleukoplakia. Context: Although there are many treatment options ranging from the simple discontinuation of the tobacco habits in mild cases to more aggressive approaches like surgical excision to exceedingly sophisticated techniques such as laser surgery, and photodynamic therapy. Cryosurgery has also been implemented as an effective treatment for precancerous lesions of the oral cavity and has shown to have various advantages over the other procedures such as minimal/no pain, less swelling, no bleeding, simplicity, versatility, and low cost. Aims: To check whether cryosurgery can provide as good results as those obtained by today's latest and super sophisticated surgical modalities. Settings and Design: Experimental observational study. Materials and Methods: In this study, 25 lesions of different types of leukoplakia, in 19 patients were treated using closed type cryosurgical system. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test and independent t-test. Results: Complete regression was achieved in 22 (88%) lesions, 2 (8%) cases resulted in incomplete regression thus were retreated and complete regression. 1 (4%) subject did not report for follow up after the 7th postoperative day. Conclusions: In this study, results were found to be very promising but more research in this field is required as the sample size in this study was small.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):256-260
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_73_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Rate of retraction of anterior teeth after canine distraction

    • Authors: Litesh Singla, Divya Singla
      Pages: 261 - 265
      Abstract: Litesh Singla, Divya Singla
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):261-265
      Background and Objectives: Orthodontists have always strived to develop a new technique to reduce the treatment time with minimal patient cooperation. Canine distraction was introduced as an alternative technique for canine retraction in a minimum possible period of 3 weeks, thus avoiding taxing the anchorage by molars since the canines are retracted within the lag phase of molars. It has been proved by numerous studies that the bone mesial to canine after rapid canine distraction through the extraction socket is a new and immature. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the rate of retraction of anterior teeth, the time taken, and anchorage loss during the retraction of anterior teeth into this newly organized bone. Methods: Six orthodontic patients who required first premolar extractions were selected. Undermining of the interseptal bone distal to the canine was done, and canines were retracted into the extraction space of the first premolar, using a custom-made tooth borne intraoral distraction screw, following which the incisors were retracted into the newly formed bone using closing loops. The patients were called at weekly intervals to measure the amount of space left between canine and lateral incisor, and the rate of retraction was calculated after space was closed. Results: The present study showed that the rate of retraction of mandibular and maxillary teeth was 0.74 ± 0.39 mm and 0.73 ± 0.15 mm/week, respectively. The anchorage loss was found to be 1.83 ± 0.29 mm and 2.08 ± 0.38 mm in mandibular and maxillary arches, respectively. The time taken to retract the incisors was found to be 40.3 ± 1.5 and 41.7 ± 0.6 days for mandibular and maxillary arches, respectively. Interpretation and Conclusion: Retraction of incisors is faster in both maxillary and mandibular arches when the incisors are retracted immediately into the immature bone created after canine distraction.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):261-265
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_94_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Systemic sclerosis with secondary sj&#246;gren&#39;s
           syndrome

    • Authors: Shruti Singh Sambyal, Bharat S Sambyal, Ajit D Dinkar, Atul Chauhan
      Pages: 266 - 271
      Abstract: Shruti Singh Sambyal, Bharat S Sambyal, Ajit D Dinkar, Atul Chauhan
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):266-271
      It can be extremely challenging to diagnose systemic disorders through their oral manifestations. Sometimes, these oral findings can be the only manifestation for years, logically improving the prognosis if identified at an early stage. This case report is about a female patient who had been under medical treatment for a wide range of oral and systemic symptoms including recurrent parotid abscess, which were being treated individually without ascertaining the probable underlying cause. Based on a positive history and clinical evaluation for ocular and oral dryness, sialography, and minor salivary gland biopsy was performed which revealed sialectasis. A diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome was arrived at and the patient underwent further workup to determine any potential associated disorders. Skin biopsy and serology indicated systemic sclerosis with lung involvement. The patient received intravenous pulse methylprednisolone therapy and symptomatic treatment for oroocular dryness. Apart from systemic antibiotics for management of recurrent parotid abscess, a novel approach consisting of retrograde irrigation of salivary glands with intravenous metronidazole and amoxicillin was performed at regular intervals. This case report also revisits and reintroduces sialography for glandular pathologies. Although over the years, many new imaging techniques have superseded this procedure, it still remains the one procedure that can be easily performed within the confines of the most basic dental setup.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):266-271
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_79_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Conservative accession toward treatment of plexiform ameloblastoma in an
           11-year-old girl

    • Authors: Avantika Tuli, Shivangi Chandra, Mahima Sehgal, Amrinder Singh Tuli, Monika Varshney
      Pages: 272 - 275
      Abstract: Avantika Tuli, Shivangi Chandra, Mahima Sehgal, Amrinder Singh Tuli, Monika Varshney
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):272-275
      Ameloblastoma is the common form of aggressive benign tumor of the jaws, but it is rare in childhood. The treatment of ameloblastoma is controversial. Surgical treatment of ameloblastoma in children follows the principles of the clinical and pathological aspects of the tumor and poses a special problem due to the incomplete growth of the jaws. With a unicystic ameloblastoma, the procedure of choice is a conservative approach. This paper describes the conservative treatment of a plexiform unicystic ameloblastoma in a child involving curettage of the tumor and the extraction of four teeth under general anesthesia, with a good prognosis of the case.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):272-275
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_50_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Functional appliances

    • Authors: Sukhpal Kaur, Sanjeev Soni, Anil Prashar, Naveen Bansal, Jaskaran Singh Brar, Maninderdeep Kaur
      Pages: 276 - 281
      Abstract: Sukhpal Kaur, Sanjeev Soni, Anil Prashar, Naveen Bansal, Jaskaran Singh Brar, Maninderdeep Kaur
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):276-281
      The purpose of this review is to evaluate the previous studies that describe the effects of functional appliances and their efficiency in treating class II malocclusion. This review is limited to three appliances: activator, bionator, and twin-block appliances.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):276-281
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_65_16
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Facial dimple creation surgery: A review of literature

    • Authors: M Kiran Kumar, Arka Kanti Dey, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, KN V Sudhakar, Rajat Mohanty
      Pages: 282 - 286
      Abstract: M Kiran Kumar, Arka Kanti Dey, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, KN V Sudhakar, Rajat Mohanty
      Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):282-286
      Cosmetic surgery is not a new thing. The boom of cosmetic surgery is at its pace in India; people have been getting habituated to esthetics for so many years. Esthetic adjustment of various body parts such as rhinoplasty and lip modifications are more common nowadays. A dimple is a small depression on the surface of the body which can be easily noticeable; people appreciate the presence of dimple on the face and believe that it is a sign of good fortune and prosperity. With the advancements in the cosmetic surgery, there has been a upsurge in having artificial dimple on face. With this increased demand in having facial dimples in people, surgeons now are in an idea of creating an artificial dimple with dimple surgery or “dimpleplasty.” The procedure of dimpleplasty is as simple as making a cut in the skin, suturing the underside of the skin to a deeper layer to create a small depression. The suture creates a permanent scar which maintains the dimple. It is a thumb rule that any surgery has minor risks which are avoidable; the current review enumerates the various procedures for dimpleplasty and their outcomes. This article emphasizes on routine as well as recent procedures used for dimpleplasty and its relative complications.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2017 9(4):282-286
      PubDate: Fri,1 Dec 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_62_17
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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