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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover IJS Short Reports
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2468-7332 - ISSN (Online) 2468-7340
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Hepatocellular adenoma: Review of contemporary diagnostic and therapeutic
           options

    • Authors: Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):1-8
      Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a rare benign lesion most often seen in young women with a history of oral contraceptive use. It is typically a solitary lesion located in the right hepatic lobe although multiple lesions have been reported. Diagnosis of HCA is important for prompt treatment because of risk of hemorrhage and malignant transformation. Adenomas are not specifically diagnosed at ultrasonography, and further evaluation with computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is required to differentiate from other hepatic lesions such as focal nodular hyperplasia. The gold standard for diagnosis is excision biopsy. Better understanding of clinical history and imaging appearance is important to avoid misdiagnosis and facilitate effective treatment.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):1-8
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_4_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Liver transplantation for cholangiocarcinoma: Past, present, and the
           future

    • Authors: Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Stephen Chang
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract: Saleema Begum, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Stephen Chang
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):9-14
      Management of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) remains a major challenge incorporating complex diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. The management has evolved over the decades in pursuit of optimal therapeutic outcome for this challenging pathology. The only curative therapeutic option for CCA is complete (R0) surgical resection with negative margins. Curative resection for hilar CCA (HCCA) remains a surgical challenge due to its high propensity for invasion into liver parenchyma, encasement of portal vessels, and metastasis to regional lymph nodes. Liver transplantation (LT) was proposed as an alternative therapeutic option, but the initial results were extremely disappointing due to high rate of recurrence. The management has evolved over decades with introduction of neoadjuvant treatment options followed by LT resulting in optimal outcomes for an otherwise lethal disease. The current review outlines the changing trends in the management of HCCA over the years.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):9-14
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_3_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Management of oral complications in irradiated head and neck cancer
           patients: Literature review

    • Authors: Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Kamil Zafar, Robia Ghafoor
      Pages: 15 - 21
      Abstract: Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Kamil Zafar, Robia Ghafoor
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):15-21
      The incidence of head and neck cancer is increasing and it is regarded as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The treatment of head and neck carcinoma is very challenging and depends on the stage of the disease. Radiotherapy is largely employed as primary therapy, adjuvant to surgery, or in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of head and neck carcinomas. Patients undergoing radiotherapy are prone to a range of short- and long-term complications which adversely affects their health and quality of life. Management of these complications is complex and based on early detection, prevention, and oral care before, during, and after the treatment, to establish the best oral care pathway for these patients. Dental management of these patients is especially important to maintain oral hygiene, overall health, and nutrition status. Management involves multidisciplinary team approach which includes dental practitioners and the oncology team not only in the primary treatment but also in the long-term care and maintenance. It is, therefore, essential for clinicians involved in cancer treatment and cancer survivors to be aware of prevention and management these complications. The aim of this review is to highlight importance of postoperative complications associated with radiotherapy and to draw attention of multidisciplinary teams involved in cancer management toward dental needs of patients treated with radiation therapy, to ensure good quality care and better quality of life in irradiated head and neck cancer patients.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):15-21
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_6_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Extent of thyroidectomy for well-differentiated thyroid cancers

    • Authors: Shabbir Akhtar, Haissan Iftikhar
      Pages: 22 - 25
      Abstract: Shabbir Akhtar, Haissan Iftikhar
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):22-25
      In patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC), the extent of thyroid surgery is controversial. There are proponents of both total thyroidectomy (TT) and thyroid lobectomy (TL). A review of literature was performed. We included studies investigating the extent of thyroid surgery, TT versus TL, for WDTC. Multiple studies have failed to show any significant difference in posttreatment recurrence between TT and lobectomy. In properly selected low-to-intermediate risk patients, the extent of initial thyroid surgery probably has little impact on disease-specific survival.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):22-25
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_1_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Surgical prevention and management of radiation-induced xerostomia in
           head-and-neck cancer patients

    • Authors: Rashna Hoshang Sukhia, Hoshang Rumi Sukhia, Dinaz Ghandhi
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Rashna Hoshang Sukhia, Hoshang Rumi Sukhia, Dinaz Ghandhi
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):26-29
      Head-and-neck cancer is the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world and amounts to nearly 3% of all malignancies. Therapeutic irradiation is a common mode of treatment either alone or in conjunction with surgery for treatment of head-and-neck cancers which leads to irradiation-induced xerostomia which may in turn lead to disturbances in taste, speech, and prosthesis wear, etc. Xerostomia may also lead to infections in the oral cavity and rampant carious lesion in teeth. Salivary gland transfer is a surgical procedure done to prevent the gland from radiation exposure during radiotherapy of the head-and-neck region. Management of xerostomia is usually done with systemic or topical pilocarpine or cevimeline, artificial saliva compounds, herbal compounds, acupuncture and acupuncture-like transcutaneous nerve stimulation, low-level laser therapy, etc. with varying effectiveness.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):26-29
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_5_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Prevention and management of hard- and soft-tissue complication in patient
           undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy: Literature review

    • Authors: Meisha Gul, Sheikh Bilal Badar, Robia Ghafoor
      Pages: 30 - 35
      Abstract: Meisha Gul, Sheikh Bilal Badar, Robia Ghafoor
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):30-35
      Head and neck cancer is among the leading causes of death globally. Its treatment includes surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or the combination of these therapies depending on the extent of disease. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy have a pivotal role in minimizing the morbidity and mortality; however, they also bring about many adverse effects. Both hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity are affected by these therapies ranging from oral mucositis to osteoradionecrosis of jaw thus affecting the quality of life of patients. Prevention and timely management of these complications are essential for better treatment outcomes. The present literature review, therefore, focuses on the prevention and management of hard- and soft-tissue complications associated with patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Comprehensive oral and dental examination of the patient should be performed and all the potential sources of infection should be electively treated appropriately before initiation of the radiotherapy and chemotherapy to reduce the risk of complications associated with the cancer treatment. Management of complication that arises during radiation and chemotherapy is also essential which requires thorough knowledge and skills. Mutual participation of oncology team and dental surgeon is the key to reduce these complications.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):30-35
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_7_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evidence-based advances in glioma management

    • Authors: Muhammad Adeel Samad, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Usama Khalid Choudry, Muhammad Waqas, Saad Akhtar Khan, Syed Ather Enam
      Pages: 36 - 42
      Abstract: Muhammad Adeel Samad, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Usama Khalid Choudry, Muhammad Waqas, Saad Akhtar Khan, Syed Ather Enam
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):36-42
      Glioma is primary brain tumors of the glial origin. Glioblastoma multiforme traditionally classified as Grade IV glial tumor carries the worst prognosis. Over the past decades, focus of the diagnosis and management has gradually shifted toward molecular and genetic profiling. This has been accompanied by advancement in radiology, radiation, and medical oncology. Despite significant progress in the individual disciplines, the overall prognosis has not increased significantly. There is consensus on the need of maximum safe resection for most of these tumors. Details of anatomy and white matter tracts obtained through preoperative imaging. These detailed radiological modalities allow the surgeons to plan a safe trajectory to the lesion, avoiding neurological complications. Five aminolevulinic acid and fluorescein guidance help increasing the extent of resection. Awake craniotomy with brain mapping has regained popularity for the safe resection of low-grade glioma, especially those located in eloquent areas. In this review article, we have discussed various aspect of glioma management including diagnosis and surgical resection.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):36-42
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_2_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pancreaticojejunostomy versus pancreaticogastrostomy after
           pancreaticoduodenectomy: A review article and meta-analysis of randomized
           controlled trials

    • Authors: Noman Shahzad, Tabish Umer Chawla, Saleema Begum, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: Noman Shahzad, Tabish Umer Chawla, Saleema Begum, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):43-51
      Pancreatic fistula is one of the most feared complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Results of randomized controlled trials comparing pancreaticogastric anastomosis with pancreaticojejunal anastomosis are not consistent. Furthermore, soft texture of pancreas is an established risk factor for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). There has been no meta-analysis to date to compare pancreaticogastrostomy versus pancreaticojejunostomy in patients with intraoperative soft texture of pancreas. Hence, our primary objective was to determine the role of pancreaticogastrostomy compared to pancreaticojejunostomy after PD in prevention of POPF, especially in patients with soft pancreatic texture. We conducted meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that had compared pancreaticojejunal anastomosis with pancreaticogastric anastomosis after PD, and pancreatic fistula was among the outcome variables. Ten randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis which comprised of a total of 1629 patients, of which 803 underwent pancreaticojejunostomy, whereas 826 were in the pancreaticogastrostomy group. There was no difference in clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF) rate in pancreaticojejunostomy versus pancreaticogastrostomy (19.8% vs. 12.8%, P = 0.09) group. POPF rate in patients with soft pancreas was significantly more in pancreaticojejunostomy group as compared to pancreaticogastrostomy group (25.4% vs. 17.3%, odds ratio = 1.71, 95% confidence interval = 1.15–2.53, P = 0.008). Although there is no difference in pancreaticogastrostomy as compared to pancreaticojejunostomy after PD to prevent CR POPF, in a subgroup of high-risk patients with soft pancreatic texture pancreaticogastrostomy has favorable results.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):43-51
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_8_18
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Use of bacterial cultures in open wound fractures: A prospective cohort
           study

    • Authors: Obada Hasan, Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Zehra Abdul Muhammad, Tashfeen Ahmad
      Pages: 52 - 57
      Abstract: Obada Hasan, Hamza Abdur Rahim Khan, Syed Farrukh Mustafa, Zehra Abdul Muhammad, Tashfeen Ahmad
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):52-57
      Introduction: Open fractures are a big challenge for surgeons to treat due to wound contamination leading to infection is a well established complication. To overcome this complication, prophylactic antibiotic therapy is routinely recommended for open fractures. Methods: A single center, prospective cohort study was conducted on patients at a tertiary care academic center to assess surgical site infection following fixation of upper and lower limb open fractures. In this study, we aimed to identify the utility of postdebridement cultures for predicting postoperative wound infection with the identification of association between the incidence of infection and factors such as age, gender, fracture site, cause of injury, and the time between injury and presentation at hospital. Results: Postdebridement cultures of 46 patients were collected, of which 28.3% showed microbial growth. During the hospital stay, three patients developed clinically deep wound infection. Postdebridement culture growth was not significantly associated with the development of clinical infection within the hospital stay (P = 0.188). Out of 43 remaining patients, 11 patients develop wound infection on follow up. Four out of 11 had positive growth on initial cultures. Conclusion: In this study, we evaluated that postdebridement wound cultures were not useful in predicting wound infection in the postoperative period.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):52-57
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_20_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cone-beam computed tomography analysis of centering ability and
           transportation of curved root canals prepared with three rotary
           nickel-titanium systems (In Vitro-Study)

    • Authors: Hanan Yahya Fallatah, Samia Mohamed El Sherief
      Pages: 58 - 64
      Abstract: Hanan Yahya Fallatah, Samia Mohamed El Sherief
      IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):58-64
      Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the degree of transportation, centering ability, and dentin thickness after mechanical preparation using three different nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation systems, ProTaper Next (PTN), twisted file (TF), and K3 Endo in curved root canals analyzed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Thirty moderately curved roots of extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars were divided into three groups with 10 root canals each. Group I, the root canals were prepared with PTN rotary system; Group II, the root canals were prepared with TF rotary system; and Group III, were prepared with K3 rotary file system. Preinstrumentation and postinstrumentation three-dimensional CBCT images were obtained from root cross sections in three levels; coronal, middle, and apical third. Results: It was observed that there were no significant differences in the degree of canal transportation at apical level and the remaining dentin thickness between the rotary instruments (P > 0.05). There were no statistical significant differences in centering ability between buccolingual centering ratio after using the three systems at coronal and middle levels (P > 0.05) except for apical level is significantly difference (P = 0.047). In addition, there were no statically significant differences between centering ratio after using the three systems at cervical, middle, and apical levels (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, CBCT analysis showed that the TF has the ability to produce centered preparation maintaining the original root canal anatomy in the apical one-third of the root canal while PTN showed some degree of canal deviation and K3 showed the highest canal deviation.
      Citation: IJS Short Reports 2018 3(1):58-64
      PubDate: Wed,21 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijssr.ijssr_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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