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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences
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   ISSN (Print) 2468-838X - ISSN (Online) 2456-1975
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • “State-sponsored” doping: A transition from the former Soviet
           Union to present day Russia

    • Authors: Michael I Kalinski
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Michael I Kalinski
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):1-3

      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):1-3
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_54_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A review of literature on delays in seeking care for tuberculosis in
           different Indian states

    • Authors: Janmejaya Samal
      Pages: 4 - 8
      Abstract: Janmejaya Samal
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):4-8
      The passive case-finding approach of Revised National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme in India strongly affects the health-seeking behavior of TB patients, the timing of help seeking as well as the subsequent delays associated with the same. Studies carried out in different parts of India reveal a host of several factors for delay in seeking help and the reasons for not seeking help at all. Important reasons for delayed health-seeking behavior include financial constraint, symptoms are not severe (as perceived by the patients), work pressure, lack of awareness, first consulted nonpublic sector, inaccessibility to health facility, home remedy, social stigma, self-medication, transport problem, and dissatisfaction with health facility. Similarly, the median patient delay ranged from 7 to 56 days as reported by various studies. Health-seeking behavior and related delays are of utmost importance in TB care from two important perspectives; first, TB requires timely treatment, and second, it requires protracted treatment. Required level of knowledge and a positive health behavior helps the patients in taking timely help from an appropriate health facility. Moreover, timely help-seeking prevents further spread of the disease and helps in establishing a TB-free society.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):4-8
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_49_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Biologicals in the treatment of psoriasis: The Indian perspective

    • Authors: Ajit B Janagond, Aparna Palit
      Pages: 9 - 13
      Abstract: Ajit B Janagond, Aparna Palit
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):9-13
      Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disorder characterized by itchy erythematous papules and plaques topped with silvery white scales. It has a chronic relapsing course and is associated with significant morbidity and reduction in the quality of life. Therapy of psoriasis is challenging. Topical therapy forms the first line of treatment for stable plaque psoriasis affecting a limited body surface area and in extensive disease systemic agents are indicated. All these drugs have inherent side effects, and none bring prolonged remission of the disease. The other therapeutic modality for psoriasis is phototherapy, but it is delivered through a specialized machine which can be available only at referral centers. Biologics have revolutionized the management of psoriasis as they can bring a remission of disease up to several years. Although limited availability and high cost prohibit their regular usage, Indian dermatologists are rapidly adopting biologics in the treatment of psoriasis.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):9-13
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_11_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Epigenetic programming of autonomic functions in an experimental model of
           apnea of prematurity

    • Authors: Jayasri Nanduri, Nanduri R Prabhakar
      Pages: 14 - 17
      Abstract: Jayasri Nanduri, Nanduri R Prabhakar
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):14-17
      Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a hallmark manifestation of recurrent apneas, which is a major clinical problem in infants born preterm. Carotid body (CB) chemoreflex and catecholamine (CA) secretion from adrenal medullary chromaffin cells (AMCs) are two major mechanisms contributing to the maintenance of cardiorespiratory homeostasis during hypoxia. The purpose of this article is to highlight recent studies showing how neonates experiencing IH affect the CB and AMC function and their consequences in adult life. To simulate apneas, rat pups were treated with IH consisting of alternating cycles of hypoxia (1.5% O2) for 15 s and room air for 5 min, 8 h/day from ages P0–P10. Rats treated neonatal IH displayed augmented CB response to hypoxia and augmented CA secretion from AMC. Rats treated for 10 days of IH in the neonatal period were allowed to grow into adulthood. Remarkably, the effects of neonatal IH on CB and AMC persisted in the adulthood. Moreover, adult rats that were exposed to IH in neonatal period exhibited hypertension, increased incidence apnea. Analysis of the underlying molecular mechanisms revealed re-programming of the redox state by epigenetic mechanisms involving suppression of transcription of antioxidant enzyme genes by DNA hypermethylation. DNA hypomethylating agents might offer a novel therapeutic intervention to prevent early onset of cardiorespiratory morbidities caused by neonatal IH.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):14-17
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Prostate biopsy in a rural hospital: Our experience

    • Authors: Suresh K Jariwala
      Pages: 18 - 21
      Abstract: Suresh K Jariwala
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):18-21
      Aims: We have seen middle-aged and elderly patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or retention of urine in our hospital. Digital rectal examination (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were done for workup. Prostate biopsy (PB) was done whenever indicated. We wanted analysis of PB in our rural setup. Materials and Methods: The study period includes from January 2008 to May 2012 and January 2015 to May 2016. Any patient aged 45 years or more presenting with LUTS or retention of urine was included in the study. PSA and DRE were done in all patients. Inclusion criteria were abnormal DRE or PSA ≥4 ng/ml. Exclusion criteria were immunocompromised status, coagulopathy, urinary tract infection, acute prostatitis or abscess, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, or previous biopsy. Histopathology report was noted.Statistical Analysis: No special software was used. Author used his arithmetical skill learned in school days to do analysis.Results: One hundred and thirty-four patients were included in the study. Average age was 69 years. PSA ranged from 1 to 1700, average being 65.3 ng/ml. Prostate cancers (PCs) was found in 65 cases. Adenocarcinoma of prostate was found in 54 cases, average PSA being 110.8 ng/ml. Small cell PC (SCPC) found in 11 cases, average PSA being 55 ng/ml. Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was found in six cases, average PSA being 18.8 ng/ml.Conclusion: PC is not uncommon in India. Patients present in advanced stages and with high PSA values. Transrectal ultrasound-guided 12-core systematic PB is the standard to confirm diagnosis of PC. Incidence of SCPC is high in our series. They presented with high PSA values. This need further study.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):18-21
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_52_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Prevalence of efflux genes and ribosomal protection genes among
           tetracycline-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from diarrheic
           patients in Iraq

    • Authors: Alaa Hani Al-Charrakh, Lubna Abdul-Muttalib Al-Shalah
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: Alaa Hani Al-Charrakh, Lubna Abdul-Muttalib Al-Shalah
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):22-28
      Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of tetracycline-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from clinical sources in Iraq, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique.Materials and Methods: A total of 822 samples were collected from patients suffering from diarrhea. Isolates were identified using biochemical tests, Vitek 2 system, and 16S rRNA specific primer. PCR was used to detect tetracycline-resistant isolates.Results: Out of the 822 clinical samples collected, 13 Aeromonas spp. isolates (1.58%) were recovered, out of which eight isolates (61.53%) were identified as A. hydrophila. Results found that all tetracycline-resistant isolates carried at least one of the tet genes examined. Among efflux genes, tet (A) was most commonly observed in isolates, followed by efflux tet gene (tet B and C) and ribosomal protection protein (tet O). However, efflux genes tet (D and G) were not detected in any of the isolates.Conclusions: The prevalence of tet O chromosomal protection protein among A. hydrophila isolates was first recorded in Iraq and in many other neighboring countries.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):22-28
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_53_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Hypoglycemia in a resource-poor Nigerian environment: A cross-sectional
           study of knowledge of symptoms, causes, and self-management practices
           among ambulatory type 2 diabetic patients in South-East Nigeria

    • Authors: Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Peace Ifeoma Collins
      Pages: 29 - 37
      Abstract: Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Peace Ifeoma Collins
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):29-37
      Background: Hypoglycemic emergencies are potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes management that predisposes the patients to higher risk of disability and premature death. As the impetus for the prevention of diabetes-related hypoglycemic endpoints grows, emphasis should also be focused on patients' knowledge of symptoms, causes, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia.Aim: The study was aimed at describing the knowledge of symptoms, causes, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia among ambulatory type 2 diabetic patients in Eastern Nigeria.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on 145 type 2 diabetic Nigerians at a primary care clinic in Eastern Nigeria. Data on knowledge of symptoms, causes, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia were collected using pretested, structured, and researcher-administered questionnaire.Results: The age of the type 2 diabetic patients ranged from 32 to 78 years with mean age of 44 ± 10.2 years. There were 59 (40.7%) male and 86 (59.3%) female. Thirty-six (24.8%), 22.8%, and 29.0% had adequate knowledge of symptoms, causes, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia with the most common symptom, cause, and self-management practice being dizziness (69.7%), overdose of antidiabetic medications (91.0%), and taking drink containing glucose (67.6%), respectively. Educational level was significantly associated with adequate knowledge of symptoms (P = 0.039), causes (P = 0.02), and self-management practices (P = 0.016) for hypoglycemia.Conclusion: Knowledge of causes, symptoms, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia was inadequate. The most common symptom, cause, and self-management practice for hypoglycemia were dizziness, overdose of medications, and taking of drink containing glucose, respectively. Adequate knowledge of causes, symptoms, and self-management practices for hypoglycemia was associated with educational level. There is a need for hypoglycemic-oriented diabetes education, especially in resource-poor environment.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):29-37
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of Punarnavashtak Kwath, an
           ayurvedic formulation

    • Authors: Vineet Sharma
      Pages: 38 - 43
      Abstract: Vineet Sharma
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):38-43
      Context: Punarnavashtak Kwath (PNK) is a polyherbal formulation assumed to have the potential for curing all types of inflammation, hepatic disorders, and asthma.Aims: This study was conducted to establish the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of ethanol extract of PNK (EEPNK) in albino rats and mice.Subjects and Methods: The parts of the plant were air -dried in shade and pulverized coarsely and sieved by 20# sieve. Powdered material of plant was defatted with pet ether for 1 day followed by Soxhlet extraction with ethanol (95% v/v) for 7 days. The anti-inflammatory activity of the EEPNK was evaluated by egg albumin-induced paw edema and cotton pellet-induced granuloma tests to establish its effect on acute and chronic stage of inflammation models in albino rats. Whereas analgesic effects of EEPNK were performed in mice of either sex by acetic acid-induced writhing and hot plate methods. Statistics was expressed as a mean ± standard error of mean and statistical analysis was carried out by one-way ANOVA with Tukey's test.Results: The percent inhibition in rat paw volume was dose dependent (79.14%, 68.51%, and 61.70% at doses of 400, 200, and 100 mg/kg, p.o., respectively) at 240 min readings. Cotton pellet granuloma in rats (chronic study) model EEPNK (400, 200 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.) extensively decreased the granuloma weight as compared to the negative control animals. Pretreatment with EEPNK was (400, 200, and 100 mg/kg p.o.) extensively (P < 0.001) inhibited of writhings in mice, and also significantly (P < 0.001) increased pain latency in hot plate test.Conclusions: Distinguish with the standard drug (indomethacin), the elevated dose of EEPNK (400 mg/kg b.w.) has a comparable effect on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):38-43
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_45_16
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Hepatoprotective evaluation of Arogyavardhini Rasa against
           paracetamol-induced liver damage in rats

    • Authors: Yuga Raj Sapkota, Prashant Bedarkar, Mukesh B Nariya, Pradeep K Prajapati
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Yuga Raj Sapkota, Prashant Bedarkar, Mukesh B Nariya, Pradeep K Prajapati
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):44-49
      Introduction: Liver is termed as Yakrut in ayurvedic classical literature, is one of the major organs for maintaining homeostasis, and is involved more or less with all the biochemical pathways in the body. Arogyavardhini Rasa (AVR) is one of the widely practicing ayurvedic herbo-mineral formulations in liver disorders. It has been used for the management of diverse types of Jvara (fever), Kushtha (skin disorders), Medoroga (altered lipid profiles associated with obesity), and other Yakrit vikara (liver disorders). In this study, AVR was prepared as per the 13th-century classical text Rasaratna Samuchaya. On the other hand, heavy metals causing toxicity, especially mercury present in this formulation, are an issue of concern.Aim of the Study: Hepatoprotective effects of formulation were evaluated by paracetamol (PCM)-induced liver damage in rats to substantiate the role of metal mineral in the classical AVR formulation.Materials and Methods: Effects of formulation were assessed on serum and liver tissue biochemical parameters and histopathological studies.Results: PCM produced significantly impaired the liver and kidney functions as assessed through an increase in liver and kidney marker enzymes. Arogyavardhini-treated group significantly (P = 0.05) prevented this hepatotoxicity and strongly supported by histopathological examinations that revealed AVR shows the protection of liver tissue from PCM-induced hepatotoxicity.Conclusion: The observation of the present study has stalwartly supported the hepatoprotective action of AVR against PCM-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):44-49
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2468-838X.207421
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Knowledge and attitude regarding swine flu among dental house surgeons in
           Belagavi city: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Shreya Nerli, Shivayogi M Hugar, Niraj S Gokhale, Divyata Kohli, Chaitanya Uppin, Chandrashekhar M Badkar
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Shreya Nerli, Shivayogi M Hugar, Niraj S Gokhale, Divyata Kohli, Chaitanya Uppin, Chandrashekhar M Badkar
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):50-54
      Background: Influenza disease is one of the oldest medical problems, which is known to cause severe illness and high mortality rates, worldwide. In flu pandemics, medical and dental students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices are critical to save patients' life.Aims: To assess knowledge and attitude regarding swine flu among dental house surgeons in Belagavi city.Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted among dental surgeons of Belagavi city.Subjects and Methods: One hundred thirty-three participants were recruited in a convenient sampling cross-sectional survey. Pretested, self-reported questionnaire was used and results were analyzed applying fitting statistical tests.Statistical Analysis Used: Reliability of the questionnaire was checked using Cronbach's alpha which was found to be 78.4. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software.Results: From the present study, it was seen that the participants do not have adequate knowledge regarding swine flu influenza.Conclusions: We concluded that dental house surgeons do not have sufficient knowledge about swine flu. It seems that traditional educational models are not efficient and government with other nongovernmental organizations should emphasize to advocate motivational education methods including health belief model and motivational interview at undergraduate levels. Younger students and dentists may have less motivation to change their attitude and behavior so that we can focus our interventions on these groups.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):50-54
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2468-838X.207423
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A modified technique for making putty-wash two-step impression

    • Authors: Sunil Kumar Mishra, Puja Hazari, Ramesh Chowdhary, Shail Kumari
      Pages: 55 - 58
      Abstract: Sunil Kumar Mishra, Puja Hazari, Ramesh Chowdhary, Shail Kumari
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):55-58
      Background: If the impression thickness is uniform, stock trays can also give a better result when compared to custom trays.Purpose: This study aimed to obtain a uniform thickness impression with a modified putty-wash two-step technique.Materials and Methods: A chairside method of putty-wash two-step impression in a stock tray was made utilizing a wax spacer.Results: A uniform thickness impression was obtained in stock tray in quick time.Conclusion: The current article has given the options of using wax as spacer for making putty wash two step impressions for the fabrication of tooth-supported fixed restorations. Further research is required to find whether there is any dimensional inaccuracy caused in restorations due to usage of wax as a spacer.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):55-58
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_4_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Common &#8220;transmission block&#8221; in understanding
           cardiovascular physiology

    • Authors: Hwee-Ming Cheng, See-Ziau Hoe, Amira Abd Jamil
      Pages: 59 - 63
      Abstract: Hwee-Ming Cheng, See-Ziau Hoe, Amira Abd Jamil
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):59-63
      We obtained responses from 69 medical and 65 pharmacy students who had cardiovascular (CVS) physiology taught in the previous academic year. A real-time response exercise using an online game-based learning platform (Kahoot!) (https://getkahoot.com/) was conducted during a lecture class using true/false questions that cover certain core aspects of CVS physiology. Comments will be made on some of the common, incomplete understanding of CVS conceptual mechanisms. Some follow-up thoughts on our role as physiology educators in fine-tuning our teaching as we encounter persistent mistakes among our students' learning physiology.
      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):59-63
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_9_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Dietary salt intake matters for development of hypertension

    • Authors: Lata M Mullur
      Pages: 64 - 65
      Abstract: Lata M Mullur
      BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):64-65

      Citation: BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences 2017 2(1):64-65
      PubDate: Thu,1 Jun 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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