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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-1693
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Comparative study of midazolam, dexmedetomidine, and ketamine as an
           adjuvant to lidocaine in intravenous regional anesthesia for forearm and
           hand surgeries

    • Authors: Alaa E Mahmoud, Abdelwahab A Saleh, Ali A Mahareak, Ali A Alkumity
      Pages: 127 - 134
      Abstract: Alaa E Mahmoud, Abdelwahab A Saleh, Ali A Mahareak, Ali A Alkumity
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):127-134
      Background Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is an ideal method of providing anesthesia for minor surgical procedures to the extremities performed on an ambulatory basis. This study aimed to study the effects of adding midazolam, dexmedetomidine, or ketamine as an adjuvant to lidocaine in IVRA during forearm and hand surgeries and examine their benefits and complications.Patients and methods A total of 120 patients were included, aged 40–60 years (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I–II), undergoing hand and forearm, from April 2015 to August 2016. Patients were randomly divided into four equal groups. Lidocaine-only group (LL group) received IVRA using 40 ml of lidocaine 0.5% (3 mg/kg). Lidocaine plus midazolam group (LM group) received IVRA using 40 ml of lidocaine 0.5% (3 mg/kg) plus midazolam 50 µg/kg added as an adjuvant. Lidocaine plus dexmedetomidine group (LD group) received IVRA using 40 ml of lidocaine 0.5% (3 mg/kg) plus dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg added as an adjuvant. Lidocaine plus ketamine group (LK group) received IVRA using 40 ml of lidocaine 0.5% (3 mg/kg) plus ketamine 0.5 mg/kg added as an adjuvant. The time of onset, duration, and quality of analgesia; levels of sensory and motor block; heart rate; mean arterial blood pressure; and visual analog score were recorded. Adverse effects of hematoma, injection pain, skin erythema, sedation, and hallucinations were recorded.Results The onset time of sensory and motor blocks was significantly shorter in the adjuvant groups LM, LD, LK in comparison with the control group LL. The grade of sensory and motor blocks was significantly better in groups LM, LD, and LK in comparison with the LL group. The onset time of tourniquet pain was significantly shorter in the control group LL in comparison with adjuvant groups LM, LD, and LK. There was a significant increase in fentanyl requirements in the control LL group compared with adjuvant LM, LD, and LK groups. The duration of postoperative analgesia was significantly prolonged in adjuvant groups LM, LD, and LK compared with the control LL group. Hematoma, injection pain, cutaneous erythema, and hallucination were reported as postoperative complications.Conclusion The addition of midazolam, dexmedetomidine, or ketamine to lidocaine for IVRA improved the quality of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia with minimal adverse effects and higher patients and surgeon satisfaction.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):127-134
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_32_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of serum ferritin level in patients with fever of unknown
           origin

    • Authors: Raed Hamed Mansour, Shaban Salah Abd El-moneum, Tarek Aly Hassan, Ahmed Abdelalim Abuo Elhassan, Mohamed Hasan Elnadry, Wlid Mohamed Elbakrawy
      Pages: 135 - 141
      Abstract: Raed Hamed Mansour, Shaban Salah Abd El-moneum, Tarek Aly Hassan, Ahmed Abdelalim Abuo Elhassan, Mohamed Hasan Elnadry, Wlid Mohamed Elbakrawy
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):135-141
      Background Diagnosis of the cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a great challenge. Serum ferritin may be a useful index for differentiating between infectious and noninfectious causes of FUO (malignant disease or collagen disease). In this respect, serum ferritin has the advantage of decreasing the number of unnecessary tests and helping to exclude infectious disease.Objective This study aimed to evaluate serum ferritin levels among patients suffering from FUO.Methods A comparison was made between infectious, noninfectious, and undiagnosed cases of FUO as regards serum ferritin level using an in-vitro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results The most common causes of FUO were infectious diseases (120/300, 40%), followed by noninfectious diseases such as malignant (61/300, 20.4%) and autoimmune causes (49/300, 16.3%). Undiagnosed cases constituted 70/300 (23.3%). The mean serum ferritin level in the infectious group, noninfectious group, and undiagnosed group was 99.25±49.58, 1098.94±284.54, and 112.40±183.23, respectively, with highly significant difference between infectious and noninfectious causes of FUO (P<0.001). However, there were no significant differences between infectious and undiagnosed causes of FUO. The optimal cutoff point was 559.0; the area under the curve was 0.79, with highly significant difference (P<0.001) at 95% confidence interval of 0.71–0.88.Conclusion High serum ferritin level (>559 ng/ml) helps in differentiation between infectious and noninfectious causes of FUO. In undiagnosed cases of FUO we must direct our thinking to infectious diseases.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):135-141
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_56_16
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Value of automatic tube compensation in weaning of mechanically ventilated
           patients in medical ICU

    • Authors: Mohamed Abouzeid, Ahmed E Kabil, Ahmed Al-Ashkar, Hafez Abdel-Hafez
      Pages: 142 - 147
      Abstract: Mohamed Abouzeid, Ahmed E Kabil, Ahmed Al-Ashkar, Hafez Abdel-Hafez
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):142-147
      Background Automatic tube compensation (ATC) has been recently introduced to compensate for artificial airway resistance that may be beneficial during spontaneous breathing trials. It has been used as a mode of mechanical ventilation in some newer mechanical ventilators and as an add-on feature for the existing ventilation modes in some other ventilators.Objective To assess the expected value of ATC in the weaning process.Patients and methods A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted at the Medical ICU of Al-Hussein University Hospital, Cairo. Sixty mechanically ventilated patients were included during the period from September 2016 to June 2017. The patients were randomly divided into three groups: 20 patients were weaned by pressure support ventilation (PSV) plus ATC, 20 patients were weaned by PSV alone and 20 patients were weaned by ATC alone. The primary outcome measure was comparison between different groups in weaning outcomes and duration of weaning.Results There was no significant difference between the three groups as regards demographic data, cause of admission or baseline characters at the start of randomization. The weaning duration of PSV+ATC group was significantly lower than the other groups. The duration of weaning in the ATC group was lower than that in the PSV group. There was a higher trend towards successful extubation in PSV+ATC group than other groups but without statistically significant difference. Mortality and morbidity were lower in PSV+ATC group than other groups and were lower in the ATC group than the PSV group but without statistically significant difference.Conclusion In medical ICU patients, the weaning process can be successfully performed by ATC as an add-on feature to the existing modes or as a separate mode. Duration of weaning, total duration of mechanical ventilation and duration of ICU stay were significantly lower with ATC.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):142-147
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_29_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Prevalence of migraine, its effect, and some comorbid psychiatric
           disorders among female medical students at Al-Azhar University in Cairo

    • Authors: Eman Saif, Reda El-Belbasy, Zeinab El-Sayed Hammour, Mahasen Mohamed
      Pages: 148 - 154
      Abstract: Eman Saif, Reda El-Belbasy, Zeinab El-Sayed Hammour, Mahasen Mohamed
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):148-154
      Background The study on the importance of being mentally, socially, and physically healthy as a medical student is a deficient area in the scientific research in developing countries. Migraine has a negative effect on the general health as well as educational performance. Medical students, especially females, may be at a higher risk to manifest migraine associated with anxiety and/or depression.Aims The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of migraine headache, to investigate its effect, and to assess some comorbid psychiatric disorders (anxiety and depression) among female medical students at Al-Azhar University in Cairo.Participants and methods A cross-sectional study was carried out on 599 female medical students from grade 1 to grade 6 at Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, over a period of 1 month during the academic year 2014–2015. The studied female medical students were 18–26 years old. Through a self-administrated questionnaire, sociodemographic data were reported. In students without migraine with aura symptoms, the effects of migraine on daily activities, sleeping pattern, seeking of medical care, educational attendance, and influence on career decision were investigated. For each student, the reported migraine neurological symptoms were verified through meeting the International Headache Society (IHS) criteria for diagnosis, whereas comorbid psychiatric evaluation was assessed through the valid and reliable version of Neuropsychiatric Assessment by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.Results The reported migraine prevalence among the studied female medical students was 35.8%. The mean age of students having migraine was significantly higher than those without migraine (21.09±1.98 vs. 20.61±1.91 years) (P<0.05). Among the students having migraine, 70.2% reported reducing their usual daily activities during migraine episode, 53.5% reported poor sleeping pattern, and 58.6% were found to be felt obliged to attend educational activities despite their migraine symptoms. Seeking medical care was reported by only 20.0% of migraine students. The reported mean episodes of migraine per month was 5.11±4.47. Stress, noise, and menses were the most common triggers of migraine, as recorded by 83.7%. The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and mixed psychiatric disorders among students with migraine was found to be 23.3, 7.4, and 15.4%, respectively, as compared with 20.3, 4.4, and 7%, respectively, among nonmigraine group, without statistically significant differences between them (P>0.05).Conclusion and future vision The prevalence of migraine is considered high among the studied female medical students. It is found to be an important health problem because of its negative effect on diminishing students’ performance, disrupting their sleep, and implied stress. Anxiety and/or depression among medicals students with migraine as well as those without are urgent burdens that should be investigated more and targeted by health care providers. Curriculum should include stress-coping tools, counseling, and psychosocial support to reduce distress and severe effect of migraine on students’ well-being.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):148-154
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Tacrolimus versus narrowband ultraviolet b in the treatment of vitiligo: a
           clinical and laboratory evaluation

    • Authors: Moustafa A El Taieb, Emad F Kholef, Sara Moustafa, Essam Nada
      Pages: 155 - 159
      Abstract: Moustafa A El Taieb, Emad F Kholef, Sara Moustafa, Essam Nada
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):155-159
      Background Etiopathogenesis of vitiligo is unclear. Immunological background has a role. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) may play a role in its pathogenesis. There is no standard treatment regimen for vitiligo; however, calcineurin inhibitors may be an effective treatment option.Objective The aim was to evaluate tacrolimus versus narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) in treatment of vitiligo, both clinically and by measurement of IL-17 before and after treatment.Patients and methods A total of 45 patients with generalized vitiligo were included in the study. Overall, 21 patients were treated with NB-UVB, whereas 24 were treated with tacrolimus for 3 months. Vitiligo area scoring index (VASI) and IL-17 were measured before and after treatment.Results VASI was significantly improved after both treatments (P<0.001 for both groups). IL-17 was significantly decreased after treatment in both study groups (P<0.001 for both groups). IL-17 was significantly correlated with VASI.Conclusion NB-UVB and tacrolimus are both effective in the treatment of vitiligo and in decreasing IL-17. IL-17 may play a role in pathogenesis of vitiligo as its level was decreased significantly after treatment.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):155-159
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_65_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Hypotrichosis with keratosis pilaris: a case report and review of
           literature

    • Authors: Ayman M Mahran, Aya Y Badran, Asmaa M Ahmad, Mahmoud R Hussein
      Pages: 160 - 162
      Abstract: Ayman M Mahran, Aya Y Badran, Asmaa M Ahmad, Mahmoud R Hussein
      Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):160-162
      Hypotrichosis or sparse hair is a relatively common feature of several hereditary syndromes. Hypotrichosis with keratosis pilaris is a very rare inborn skin disorder of unknown etiology. Here we report a rare case of hypotrichosis with keratosis pilaris in a 7-year-old boy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case to be reported from Egypt. The clinicopathological features were presented and the relevant literature was addressed.
      Citation: Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal 2017 15(3):160-162
      PubDate: Thu,22 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/AZMJ.AZMJ_35_17
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 3 (2018)
       
 
 
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