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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 356 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 356 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access  
Heart Views     Open Access  
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access  
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Advances in Human Biology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2321-8568 - ISSN (Online) 2348-4691
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [356 journals]
  • Privatisation of medical education

    • Authors: Mainul Haque
      Pages: 41 - 42
      Abstract: Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):41-42

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):41-42
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_27_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Social intelligence of parents with autism spectrum disorders impacts
           their emotional behaviour: A new proposed model for stabilising
           emotionality of these parents impacting their social intelligence

    • Authors: Vidya Bhagat, Mainul Haque, Nordin Bin Simbak, Kamarudin Jaalam
      Pages: 43 - 53
      Abstract: Vidya Bhagat, Mainul Haque, Nordin Bin Simbak, Kamarudin Jaalam
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):43-53
      Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may affect all spheres of a child's life. Indeed, parents and siblings also live with emotional instabilities in the family. The experience of parents with ASD child can be distressing since they need to make more adjustments to the demanding need to cope with their life situations. Perhaps, their life is drastically exaggerated with their complexities of life. Particularly, their social life is radically affected. The presence of pervasive and severe deficits in children with ASD isolates these parents from their social life; demanding adjustments to their social environment of parents in their life situations shove them into distress and unstable emotions. Finally, they culminate being shattered in their interpersonal relationship, their family and social life. Indeed, these aspects of distress mask social intelligence of these parents, thus narrow down their focus more on the treatment rather than holistic management of their child. Thus, the management of ASD with these parents of the deficit children to reach their fullest abilities remains doubtful. Therefore, the objectives of this study are as follows: (a) to examine the impact of emotionality on social intelligence of parents blessed with autistic child, (b) to develop awareness regarding social intelligence and its significance among these parents, (c) to propose a new model stabilising emotionality of these parents through developing social adaption skills and (d) to suggest a new model as a guide in the current intervention regimens to ensure the emotional well-being and better social adoption. This study is made based on the keenly examined past evidence with the correlation of emotionality and its impact on social intelligence of the parents with ASD children. The results reveal that the social intelligence is perceived as lowered evidenced by poor social adjustment reflected in social isolation observed in the parents of children with ASD. A new model proposed for stabilising and developing awareness of social intelligence among the parents of ASD children. Integrating this model with the existing treatment paradigm has been suggested to attain the better result. The conclusion is drawn in this study by analysing the fact that considerable improvement in the diagnosed child may not amend the parent and family distress and drastically affect social intelligence. Indeed, the intervention can be more promising with the healthy personality of parents, where their multiple aspects of intelligence are not affected. The new proposed model of intervention can pave the way for further research in this regard.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):43-53
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Prognostic significance of derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in
           Non-metastatic breast cancer

    • Authors: Chandan Krushna Das
      Pages: 54 - 60
      Abstract: Chandan Krushna Das
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):54-60
      Aim: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women and the prognosis depends on the tumour biology and the treatment characteristics. Derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (DNLR) a surrogate marker of cancer-associated inflammatory response is a cost-effective and simple prognostic parameter for breast cancer. There is a paucity of data regarding the prognostic significance of the DNLR in breast cancer in Indian subcontinent. The aim of the study is to investigate the prognostic role of DNLR in breast cancer in the Indian population. Materials and Methods: 497 patient data were evaluated retrospectively for evaluation of DNLR as a prognostic marker in non-metastatic breast cancer. With a median time to follow-up is 33.8 months (range: 9.6-64.7). A total number of the relapse were 115 and 36 deaths occurred. Results: The predicted 5-year relapse free and overall survival were 70% and 87.5% respectively. On multivariate analyses, factors significantly associated with high DNLR were duration of presentation >6 month, pre-menopausal status, higher T stage, high leucocyte count and the presence of hypoalbuminemia. There was a significant association between DNLR with RFS and OS with P < 0.05 and 0.003 respectively. Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate the prognostic role of DNLR in breast cancer in the Indian population. With combination with other prognostic markers, DNLR, a low-cost, reliable marker of inflammation may have potential utility in breast cancer prognosis.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):54-60
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2321-8568.205387
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A prospective study of outcome of acute physiology and chronic health
           evaluation ii score in critically ill surgical patients

    • Authors: Rambir Singh, Rambabu Meena, Manish Khokad
      Pages: 61 - 64
      Abstract: Rambir Singh, Rambabu Meena, Manish Khokad
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):61-64
      Background: The acute physiology score is determined from the most deranged (worst) physiologic value, for example, the lowest blood pressure or the highest respiratory rate, during the initial 24 h after Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission. The aim of present study is to apply Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scoring system to surgical patients who have been critically ill preoperatively requiring elective surgical intervention or who underwent extensive elective surgery thereby requiring post-operative critical care monitoring and treatment in the post-operative ward or ICU or surgical ward. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out on critically ill surgical patients from August 2012 to December 2013 in M. G. Hospital, Department of Surgery attached to Dr. S.N. Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Jodhpur. The APACHE II score in the first 24 h of admission or operation and expected risks of death was calculated. Results: This study observed that 67.74% recovered male and 81.58% female and mortality rate increase when APACHE II score of patients increases. From the 100 patients enrolled the mean age was 47.38 ± 18.37 the overall median APACHE II score for all critically ill surgical patient was 9 with a range of 2–44 (minimum 2 and maximum 44). There was a significant difference between the APACHE II score of survivors and non-survivors. Conclusion: This scoring still provides a basic idea and uniform comparison of critical patients, thus help in research activities database validation. Few pitfalls related in the present study could have been avoided had there been large number of cases and more so of specific procedure-related patients necessitating critical care.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):61-64
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_43_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of mitomycin-c-assisted sutureless trabeculectomy on keratometry
           and axial length

    • Authors: Anant Sharma, Motilal Rawat, Ashok Kumar Sharma
      Pages: 65 - 70
      Abstract: Anant Sharma, Motilal Rawat, Ashok Kumar Sharma
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):65-70
      Aim: Glaucoma is defined as chronic, progressive optic neuropathy caused by a group of ocular conditions, which leads to damage of the optic nerve with loss of visual function. This study was conducted to find out the changes in corneal curvature, axial length and intraocular pressure. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology, S P Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Bikaner. A total of fifty cases of either age- and sex-matched controls were selected for this study. These cases were divided into two groups: Group A (sutureless trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C [MMC]) and Group B (sutureless trabeculectomy without MMC). Results: The mean post-operative intraocular pressure (IOP) was lowered in MMC-treated eyes when compared to control at 1½ months. The IOP reduction was greater in the MMC-treated eyes (13.25 mmHg at 1½ months) as compared to control Group B (16.9 mmHg at 1½ months). Comparing results with the present study, it was found that success rate in MMC-treated eyes was noted in 23 (92%) individuals, in which complete success was in 22 (88%) while qualified success in 1 (4%) and qualified failure in 2 (8%) with mean IOP of 13.2 mmHg at 1½ months, whereas in control group, success rate was noted in 19 (76%) individuals, in which complete success was in 18 (72%) and qualified success in 1 (4%), while qualified failure in 6 (24%) with mean IOP of 16.9 mmHg at 1½ months after operation. Conclusion: Results of this study are in favour of intraoperative application of MMC during filtration surgery, especially in cases with high-risk failure.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):65-70
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_42_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Anthropometric characterisation of elbow angles and lines among Indian
           children

    • Authors: Bhanu Awasthi, Sunil Kumar Raina, Narvir Chauhan, Manik Sehgal, Vipin Sharma, Lokesh Thakur
      Pages: 71 - 74
      Abstract: Bhanu Awasthi, Sunil Kumar Raina, Narvir Chauhan, Manik Sehgal, Vipin Sharma, Lokesh Thakur
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):71-74
      Background: For understanding injuries in paediatric elbow and checking the degree of reduction after manipulation, various radiological criteria using anthropometric parameters are used. Since anthropometric parameters of Caucasians are different from European and Mongoloids, their parameters cannot be applied on our population. Hence, there is a need to characterise anthropometric parameters of elbow among children in the Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study population comprised all cases of injury to the elbow joint between 3 and 13 years of age reporting to the Department of Orthopaedics during the study. The X-rays films were preserved, and the angles and lines (as anthropometric parameters) were drawn on the radiographs. Results: Mean ± (standard deviation [SD]) for Baumann angle in children included in this study was 75° ± 4.70°. Mean ± (SD) of Baumann angle in males was 76° ± 4.44° and females was 74° ± 5.37°. Mean ± (SD) for lateral capitellohumeral angle in children from 3 to 13 years of age was 49 ± 5.75. Conclusions: As the values of normal side have been found to affect the functional and cosmetic outcome of the affected extremity, slight changes in values of our population in comparison to that of the Western population can significantly affect the outcome.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):71-74
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_2_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Impact of educational intervention on knowledge, attitude and practice of
           pharmacovigilance among interns

    • Authors: Divya Goel, Majid Farooq
      Pages: 75 - 79
      Abstract: Divya Goel, Majid Farooq
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):75-79
      Introduction: Pharmacovigilance (PV) plays an important role in generating adverse drug reaction (ADR) data. However, the practice of PV is still very low among health-care professionals due to lack of knowledge and awareness. Internship is the phase when medical graduates work for the first time under supervision of the seniors. At present, we have little knowledge about awareness of PV among interns in India. Hence, this study was planned to assess the level of knowledge awareness and practice of PV among interns and subsequent change in these after PV training session. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire-based study was conducted among interns of a tertiary health care and teaching institute. Participants were given descriptive questionnaire; they completed the questionnaire before and after undergoing training program in PV. The impact of the effectiveness of educational intervention among interns was evaluated by Chi-square test. Results: Out of 150 participants, 120 interns completely filled the questionnaires before and after the educational intervention. Educational program on PV was found to increase knowledge and positive attitudes towards various aspects of PV. Conclusion: Training program on PV may help increase the knowledge as well as awareness about principles and techniques of PV, which will increase the credibility of health care in the country.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):75-79
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_7_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Dimensional comparison of rubber dam clamp prongs with cervical
           mesiodistal dimension of primary second molar

    • Authors: Seema Bargale, Akash Ardeshana, Bhavna Dave, Anshula Deshpande, Anuradha Karri, Nikhil Patel
      Pages: 80 - 84
      Abstract: Seema Bargale, Akash Ardeshana, Bhavna Dave, Anshula Deshpande, Anuradha Karri, Nikhil Patel
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):80-84
      Background: The stability of the rubber dam (RD) basically depends on the selection of a properly fitting clamp corresponding to the tooth. There are significant differences in tooth size between various races. This implies that the commercially available RD clamps may fit well to teeth of one population but not to another. Aim: The aim of this study was to obtain standard measure of mesiodistal widths at the cervical level of primary second molars in Gujarat children and to compare them with commercial RD clamps commonly used in paediatric dentistry. Materials and Methods: A total of sixty children were selected on the basis of selection criteria. The mesiodistal widths of primary second molars were measured at the clinical cervical level for buccal and lingual sides, respectively, by a digital Vernier caliper. It was compared with mesiodistal with of RD clamps no. #14A, #7 and #13A/12A. Statistical tests independent sample t-test and single sample t-test were applied. Results: All clamps width show significant difference either buccal or lingual side with their respected teeth (P < 0.05). #14A and #7 clamp show <1 mm discrepancy for mandibular second molar while for maxillary second molar discrepancy were more than 1 mm. #13A/#12A show large discrepancy for mandibular second molar. Conclusion: Cervical mesiodistal dimensions of primary mandibular molars were generally larger than those of primary maxillary molars. #14A and #7 can relatively fit to primary mandibular second molar and #13A/#12A for primary maxillary second molar.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):80-84
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_11_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Adaptation of gingival biotype in response to prosthetic rehabilitation

    • Authors: Dipti S Shah, Sareen Duseja, Kalpesh Vaishnav, Rutu Paresh Shah
      Pages: 85 - 88
      Abstract: Dipti S Shah, Sareen Duseja, Kalpesh Vaishnav, Rutu Paresh Shah
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):85-88
      Background: The gingival biotype is the width of the gingiva in the faciopalatal dimension. It is a feature of the periodontium that is susceptible to change when exposed to physical, chemical or bacterial injury or as a result of surgical or orthodontic treatment. Aim and Objective: The objective of the study undertaken was to assess the adaptation of gingival biotype following prosthetic rehabilitation. Materials and Methods: Forty individuals between 20 and 40 years with healthy periodontium and full complement of teeth with absence of clinical attachment loss or systemic disease were selected for the study. The individuals were restored with a full-coverage porcelain fused to metal with a subgingival margin on root canal-treated teeth with no gingival recession. The gingival biotype of the tooth with the restoration was evaluated in terms of thickness with the help of transparency of the probe method. Twenty individuals were selected with thick biotype and rest with thin biotype. Follow-up was done after 6 months, and the gingival biotype and gingival recession were re-evaluated. Results: It was observed that out of the twenty individuals with thick biotype, eight underwent transformation to thin biotype. Furthermore, thin gingival biotype was more prone to gingival recession as five individuals were found to have gingival recession. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the current study, it was observed that gingival biotype may undergo transformation in response to prosthetic rehabilitation from thick to a thin gingival biotype progressively over a period of time. Hence, supragingival margins should be placed wherever possible. In addition, the thin gingival biotype has a higher susceptibility towards gingival recession.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):85-88
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_30_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Tracheopathia and tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: Computed
           tomographic findings of an uncommon entity – a series of two case
           reports

    • Authors: Mohd Ilyas, Ghanshyam Dev
      Pages: 89 - 91
      Abstract: Mohd Ilyas, Ghanshyam Dev
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):89-91
      Tracheopathia and tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica refer to idiopathic, non-malignant disease of large airways featured by sub-mucosal cartilaginous to osseous nodules overlying the cartilaginous rings, which may be focal or diffuse. We report two cases, one having tracheopathia osteochondroplastica and other having tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica. It is generally an overlooked diagnosis due to lack of familiarity among the clinicians. Our aim to present these cases is to avoid under-diagnosis/misdiagnosis whenever such a condition is encountered in daily practice.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):89-91
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Management of iatrogenically exposed maxillary sinus with a broken
           periosteal elevator trapped inside

    • Authors: Nureldeen Elhammali, Pratik Bipinkumar Kariya, Kirankumar Sudulakunta Vorse, Anit Singh
      Pages: 92 - 94
      Abstract: Nureldeen Elhammali, Pratik Bipinkumar Kariya, Kirankumar Sudulakunta Vorse, Anit Singh
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):92-94
      Foreign bodies may be ingested after being inserted into an oral cavity or deposited in the body by traumatic or iatrogenic injury. Accidentally left out foreign materials are common complications of dental procedures including apical deposition of endodontic materials, sub-mucosal amalgam pieces, graphite tattoos and traumatically introduced dental materials and instruments. Once a foreign material is left behind within a soft and/or hard tissue, it promotes local inflammation and infection that may cause pain and/or destruction within the surrounding tissues. This article presents a case of retrieval of iatrogenically broken periosteal elevator trapped in the maxillary sinus.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):92-94
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_44_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Management of exposed collagen membrane after socket seal surgery for
           placement of dental implant

    • Authors: Prasad Nadig, Monali Shah, Ashit Bharwani, Priyadarshini Nadig
      Pages: 95 - 98
      Abstract: Prasad Nadig, Monali Shah, Ashit Bharwani, Priyadarshini Nadig
      Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):95-98
      The predictable success of dental implants has revolutionised dentistry in many ways. Clinicians are becoming more vigilant in planning teeth extraction than ever before. This has led to the routine use of the concept of the socket preservation after tooth extraction and before the placement of dental implant. This routine use of collagen membrane use for socket preservation has uncovered a new situation of the exposed collagen membrane left intentionally or unintentionally which has to be dealt with frequently. The management of such exposed collagen membrane becomes vital for the success of socket seal surgery. This case report emphasises on the management of exposed collagen membrane after socket seal surgery and before placement of dental implant.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2017 7(2):95-98
      PubDate: Fri,28 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_27_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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