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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 426 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 426 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  

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Advances in Human Biology
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2321-8568 - ISSN (Online) 2348-4691
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [426 journals]
  • Application of new technologies in the health sciences: A guideline

    • Authors: Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros Mourão, Natália Belmock Mascarenhas Freitas Mourão
      Pages: 103 - 103
      Abstract: Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros Mourão, Natália Belmock Mascarenhas Freitas Mourão
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):103-103

      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):103-103
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_67_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Importance of empathy among medical doctors to ensure high-quality
           healthcare level

    • Authors: Mainul Haque
      Pages: 104 - 107
      Abstract: Mainul Haque
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):104-107
      Patients hunt for genuine empathy from their medical doctor. Empathy is an affective mode of understanding. Empathy involves being enthused by another's experiences. However, a leading group medical doctors defines empathy as 'the act of correctly acknowledging the emotional state of another without experiencing that state oneself'. Beyond the field of medicine, empathy is an approach to understanding that precisely involves emotional resonance. However, mentioned definition of empathy primarily gives emphasis to an intellectual component rather than emotional form. Medical educationist and medical professional bodies increasingly recognise the importance of empathy because there are a lot report published regarding poor empathy level among medical doctors. This article will try to discuss emphasising on educational intervention which improves empathy level and its influence on healthcare.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):104-107
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_44_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Predictors of quality of life for parents of children with autism
           disorders in Iran

    • Authors: Saeid Bashirian, Manoochehr Karami, Salman Khazaei, Ensiyeh Jenabi
      Pages: 108 - 111
      Abstract: Saeid Bashirian, Manoochehr Karami, Salman Khazaei, Ensiyeh Jenabi
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):108-111
      Background: The objective of this survey was predictors of quality of life for parents with Autism disorder (AD) children in Hamadan City. Materials and Methods: The sample size was included 82 mothers and 81 fathers of children with AD. The questionnaires of Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (SF) and SF-34 were used. The three stress subscales (Parental Distress; Parent–Child Dysfunctional Interaction [PCDI] and Difficult Child [DC]), age of diagnosis of AD, age of child and number of siblings were considered as predictors. Results: These analyses showed that the model among mothers and fathers was able to predict high a significant of variance in quality of life (F = 7.841, P < 0.001; R2 = 0.34) and (F = 8.149, P < 0.001; R2 = 0.35), respectively. Conclusion: The predictors of this study were PCDI, DC and number of siblings.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):108-111
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_56_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The reasons for colposcopy and histopathological outcomes in referral
           patients to Ayatollah Mosavi Hospital of Zanjan (2012–2017)

    • Authors: Behnaz Molaei, Ahmad Jalilvand, Neda Hashemi, Sarvin Razavi, Hamideh Gholami
      Pages: 112 - 115
      Abstract: Behnaz Molaei, Ahmad Jalilvand, Neda Hashemi, Sarvin Razavi, Hamideh Gholami
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):112-115
      Objectives: The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence of cervical cancer and premalignant lesions of the cervix in patient referred to colposcopy unit in Zanjan, and to determine what extent colposcopy is conducted based on the scientific indications. Materials and Methods: In this registry-based cross-sectional study, all women who were referred to the Colposcopy unit of Zanjan Ayatollah-Mousavi Hospital to undergo colposcopy during 2012–2017 were studied. The required data were collected from the registered medical records in the Pathology Department of the hospital. The Bethesda System Terminology was used for classifying premalignant cervical lesions. Results: In the present study, the most common abnormal clinical signs were abnormal vaginal bleeding, whereas atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (39.5%) remained the most common abnormal Pap smear test result. The clinical appearance of the cervix in 104 patients (62.3%) showed cervical erosion. The results of colposcopy showed some signs of inflammation in all patients. Out of these patients, 5.4% were reported with acute inflammation, and 39.5% with chronic inflammation. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the patients' referral for a colposcopy must be based on the scientific indications and unnecessary colposcopy should be avoided.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):112-115
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_64_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Pharmacological evaluation of Hibiscus abelmoschus against
           scopolamine-induced amnesia and cognitive impairment in mice

    • Authors: Astha Nigam, Mayank Kulshreshtha, Dharamveer Panjwani
      Pages: 116 - 123
      Abstract: Astha Nigam, Mayank Kulshreshtha, Dharamveer Panjwani
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):116-123
      Objective: Progressive loss of memory has a prominent role in devastating neurodegenerative diseases such as amnesia, dementia and Alzheimer's disease. The present study was, thus, designed to investigate the potential of Hibiscus abelmoschus (H. abelmoschus) in scopolamine-induced amnesic Swiss Albino mice. Materials and Methods: Phytochemical and acute toxicity studies of H. abelmoschus ethanolic extract (HAEE) were performed. Memory loss was induced by scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p), a muscarinic antagonist, and evaluated by using Morris water maze (MWM), elevated plus maze (EPM) and modified passive avoidance tests on Swiss Albino mice. Besides this, locomotor activity, serum biochemical parameters such as total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were evaluated. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione (GSH) level and catalase (CAT) activity were also checked. HAEE at a dose of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight administered orally to the animals. Donepezil hydrochloride (1 mg/kg) was taken as standard. Results: Pre-treatment of mice with HAEE significantly reversed scopolamine-induced memory impairments, as evidenced by a significant decrease in escape latency in the MWM task, transfer latency in EPM task and an increase in step-down latency in the modified passive avoidance task. HAEE also exhibited a remarkable cholesterol and triglyceride-lowering property in the present study. Moreover, treatment with HAEE (200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o) to scopolamine-induced rats significantly decreased the LPO and increased the GSH and catalase levels. Conclusion: The memory restorative effects of H. abelmoschus in amnesia may involve its multiple functions including antioxidative and lipid-lowering properties and the presence of phytoconstituents. Thus, H. abelmoschus may act as memory enhancer and may also be useful as a supportive adjuvant in the treatment of impaired memory functions.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):116-123
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_3_19
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Impacts of low-protein diet on the hippocampal CA1 neurons and learning
           deficits in rats

    • Authors: Shiva Roshankhah, Ehsan Sadeghi, Cyrus Jalili, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor
      Pages: 124 - 128
      Abstract: Shiva Roshankhah, Ehsan Sadeghi, Cyrus Jalili, Mohammad Reza Salahshoor
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):124-128
      Introduction: Proteins are the essential part of all organism cells. Nutrition plays the most important role in the structure and function of the brain. CA1 region belongs to hippocampus and plays a vital role in converting short-term to long-term memory. This study was designed to assess the effects of low-protein diet on hippocampal region CA1 and learning deficit in rats. Materials and Methods: In this study, 30 male rats were randomly assigned to two groups: control group and low-protein diet group (8% protein). Animals in a low-protein diet group have eaten food with low protein daily for 10 months. Body weight was measured. Transcardiac perfusion method was applied to tissue fixation. Passive avoidance learning of animals was examined by the shuttle-box apparatus technique. The number of dendritic spines was investigated by the Golgi staining technique. Furthermore, Cresyl violet staining method was used to determine the number of neurons in the hippocampal region CA1. Results: The passive avoidance learning of the low-protein diet rats was reduced significantly compared to the control ones (P < 0.001). Low-protein diet decreased the body weight, number of neuronal dendritic spines and neurons compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: It seems that administration of low-protein diet had harmful effects of structure and function of hippocampal region CA1 in rats.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):124-128
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_31_19
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • 12-year follow-up study of the c-reactive protein in Iranian middle-aged
           women: Isfahan cohort study

    • Authors: Alireza Afshari-Safavi, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Mohammad Talaei, Hamidreza Roohafza, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Masoumeh Sadeghi
      Pages: 129 - 134
      Abstract: Alireza Afshari-Safavi, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Mohammad Talaei, Hamidreza Roohafza, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Masoumeh Sadeghi
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):129-134
      Background: As an important inflammatory marker, study of C-reactive protein (CRP) changes over time may lead to better identification of risk factors of cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the relationship between CRP changes and lifestyle, metabolic syndrome (MS) and body mass index (BMI) in middle-aged women and explored potential bias from attrition. Materials and Methods: We studied 1234 participants in the Isfahan cohort study – a longitudinal population-based study of adults older than 35 years living in urban and rural areas of three counties in central Iran. Data were collected every 6 years since 2001 (3 points). Random effects model was used to evaluate the effects of behavioural risk factors and MS on CRP, with pattern mixture model to account for cohort attrition. Results: Mean CRP levels decreased over time (Est = −0.066, P < 0.001). MS (Est = −0.195, P < 0.001), BMI (Est = 0.022, P < 0.001), physical activity (Est = −0.009, P = 0.002) and history of smoking (Est = −0.399, P = 0.002) were independently associated with increases in CRP. Pattern mixture model showed that CRP decreased in participants with monotone measurement (Est = −0.032, P < 0.001), as well as intermittent measurement (Est = −0.022, P < 0.001), with no association in participants who responded at all points (Est = −0.015, P = 0.083). Conclusion: In this study, the rate of changes in CRP level in middle-aged women over time was higher in participants who were irregularly measured than those who measured continuously. MS, BMI and physical activity may be related to the CRP changes over time in middle-aged women.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):129-134
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_65_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Ergonomic posture analysis of different postures in laptop users at
           non-official places and related musculoskeletal disorders by rapid upper
           limb assessment method

    • Authors: Hamidreza Heidari, Ahmad Soltanzadeh, Elham Asemabadi, Hoda Rahimifard, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi
      Pages: 135 - 142
      Abstract: Hamidreza Heidari, Ahmad Soltanzadeh, Elham Asemabadi, Hoda Rahimifard, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):135-142
      Background: Laptops are not ergonomically being designed as the same as a desktop computer and are not suitable for prolonged use. The current study aimed to assess the different postures laptop users, especially in non-official places, and its effect on musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Methods: One hundred and fifty university students were chosen that have continuous use of laptop for 5 years. Data were gathered by questionnaire (demographic data, laptop use-related questions and visual posture questions) and posture analysis using Rapid Upper Limb Assessment method. T-test, Chi-square and Spearman correlation coefficient tests were used in data analysis. Results: The mean of body weight in males and females was 77.58 ± 13.34 kg and 62.35 ± 10.67 kg, respectively. Two postures, including E (sitting on the sofa and put the laptop on the table) and F (sitting and working on an office chair and desk), were the most current postures by the users. Postures M and K had been as the most inappropriate postures, while postures D and G were defined as postures that are more appropriate. Conclusion: Laptop is using frequently as a popular device at home, dormitory or other non-official places. Due to nature of these places and inherent characteristics of laptops, it is not possible to make it adjust for the body based on ergonomic principals. Neck, upper and lower back, shoulder and wrist are organs that influence more by laptop based on body configuration.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):135-142
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_85_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Assessing condition academic self-efficacy and related factors among
           medical students

    • Authors: Aida Abusalehi, Beyrambibi Bayat, Neda Ahmadzadeh Tori, Hamid Salehiniya
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: Aida Abusalehi, Beyrambibi Bayat, Neda Ahmadzadeh Tori, Hamid Salehiniya
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):143-146
      Introduction: Academic self-efficacy is an important key structure along students' academic progress which can lead to increase learning. The aim of this study was to examine academic self-efficacy and related factors among the students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 385 students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Samples were selected through stratified sampling method. Data were collected through questionnaire of academic self-efficacy scale 32 that reliability and validity of that was confirmed. Data analysis was done through SPSS18 software. Descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and correlation coefficient were performed at statistical significance level of 0.05. Results: The mean academic self-efficacy in boys was 107/75 (standard deviation [SD] = 16/10) and in girls 107/19 (SD = 15/82). The Pearson correlation test results showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between age with academic self-efficacy (P = 0.001, r = 0.170). Independent t-test results indicate that there is no significant statistical relationship between self-efficacy and location. According to the ANOVA, there was a significant correlation between the college degrees and academic self-efficacy (P = 0.003). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate the importance of age and college degrees in forecasting academic self-efficacy of students.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):143-146
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_90_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Quality of life evaluation of patients undergoing lumbar surgery: A
           cross-sectional study in West of Iran

    • Authors: Mashhood Aghajanloo, Fahimeh Esmaeili, Tayebeh Bathaei, Ahmad Piriaei, Elahe Tavakoli
      Pages: 147 - 150
      Abstract: Mashhood Aghajanloo, Fahimeh Esmaeili, Tayebeh Bathaei, Ahmad Piriaei, Elahe Tavakoli
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):147-150
      Introduction: The different studies assessed quality of life (QOL) in patients with spinal cord injury with different research tools and showed that QOL scores less are considered in national and international studies and in different cultures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the QOL of patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery in Hamadan Province, West of Iran. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was performed of 300 patients underwent elective lumbar laminectomy (partial or complete) or fusion between 2012 and 2015, at a single tertiary care centre for non-traumatic and non-neoplastic indications in Hamadan, Iran. We used the Iranian version of the brief questionnaire of the World Health Organisation on QOL (WHOQOL-BREF). Stata software version 12 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA) was used to perform all the analytical operations. Results: In regard of psychological health (P = 0.21), social relationships (P = 0.64) and environment health (P = 0.85), patients underwent fusion surgery were obtained higher score and in regard of physical health patients underwent partial laminectomy were obtained higher score (P = 0.09). However, only in physical health domain differences between three groups was relatively significant. Mean QOL scores in each WHOQOL-BRIEF domains according to patients pain duration are presented, as shown in physical health (P = 0.06) and psychological health (P = 0.04) domains, patients with pain duration <1 year were reported higher scores. Conclusion: The results of the present study can be used in the post-operative patient information and aid the surgeon and the patient in a shared decision-making process.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):147-150
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_88_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Comparison of emotional-behavioural and functional states of children aged
           6–16 years old with addicted and non-addicted parents in Qom

    • Authors: Ahmad Masoumi, Zahra Hosseini, Mojtaba Javadi, Esmail Soltani, Tahereh Ramezani, Zabihollah Gharlipour
      Pages: 151 - 155
      Abstract: Ahmad Masoumi, Zahra Hosseini, Mojtaba Javadi, Esmail Soltani, Tahereh Ramezani, Zabihollah Gharlipour
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):151-155
      Context: The addiction problem negatively affects the addicted person's mental health and his/her family. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the emotional-behavioural and functional states of children aged 6–16 years old with addicted and non-addicted parents. Settings and Design: In this case–control study, using convenience sampling method, a total of 50 addicted parents with children aged 6–16 years old were selected from among people in addiction treatment centres in Qom; in addition, using simple random sampling, 50 non-addicted parents with children aged 6–16 years old were selected as the control group. Subjects and Methods: Data were collected using two questionnaires, including standard Child Behaviour Checklist questionnaire and Children's Global Assessment Scale questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analysed by SPSS version 20 using Chi-square, independent t-test and ANOVA. Results: There was a significant difference between children with addicted and healthy parents in terms of functional disorders (P < 0.001), as a higher percentage of children with addicted parents (as compared with those with healthy parents) had a functional disorder. Different types of behavioural disorders, except for physical problems, were significantly more prevalent in children with addicted parents than in children with healthy parents (P < 0.05). Internalisation and extrapolation of problems were more prevalent in children with addicted parents than in children with healthy parents (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Based on the results, children with addicted parents have undesirable emotional, behavioural and functional states. This suggests that the parents' addiction has a great impact on the health of the family, including children.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):151-155
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_59_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Nurses' competency and their role in prevention and control of
           hospital infections: A case study in a large military teaching hospital

    • Authors: Ehsan Teymourzadeh, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Hamed Fattahi, Mahmoud Khodadost, Azad Shokri
      Pages: 156 - 161
      Abstract: Ehsan Teymourzadeh, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Hamed Fattahi, Mahmoud Khodadost, Azad Shokri
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):156-161
      Aims: The aim of the study was to investigated competencies and the role of nursing team members in managing the nosocomial infections (NIs) in a large military teaching hospital in Iran. Settings and Design: The study data were collected using standard 3-part questionnaire including demographic characteristics, self-rated competency ability rating and role in competency activities. Subjects and Methods: Nurses were selected by stratified random sampling and proportional to size between wards. Statistical Analysis Used: The answers were analysed by Chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance in Stata 14. Results: The results showed that only 12% of nurses were expert and the majority (48.8%) were proficient for each of the 8 core competency activities. Preventing/controlling the transmission of infectious agents had the highest proportion of nurses who self-rated competency level as novice (53%), followed by surveillance and epidemiologic investigations and environment of care (52% and 45%, respectively). Competency differences by sex, age, experience, occupation unit, job category and working hours a week were obtained (P < 0.05). Only, 26% of nurses reported that they did not have role in each competency activity. Conclusions: The results showed that the majority of nurses were involved in different tasks, while their competencies were at the novice level. Considering the vital role of nurses in providing the services and preventing the infection, low levels of competency will be an alert for hospitals about the prevalence of NIs and its consequences, which should be taken into consideration in the future programs seriously.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):156-161
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_1_19
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Epidemiology, incidence and mortality of thyroid cancer and their
           relationship with the human development index in the world: An ecology
           study in 2018

    • Authors: Elham Goodarzi, Alireza Moslem, Hossein Feizhadad, Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi, Hossein Ali Adineh, Malihe Sohrabivafa, Zaher Khazaei
      Pages: 162 - 167
      Abstract: Elham Goodarzi, Alireza Moslem, Hossein Feizhadad, Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi, Hossein Ali Adineh, Malihe Sohrabivafa, Zaher Khazaei
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):162-167
      Objective: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common malignancies, with an incidence rate of about two fold in the last 25 years and accounting for 2% of all cancers. The Human Development Index (HDI) is used to measure the development of countries level. The aim of this study was to investigate thyroid cancer morbidity and mortality and its association with HDI. Methods: The present analysis is a descriptive cross-sectional study that is based on cancer incidence data and cancer mortality rates extracted from the World Bank for Cancer in 2018. The incidence and mortality rates and thyroid cancer distribution maps were drawn for world countries. To analyse data, correlation and regression tests were used to evaluate the correlation between incidence and mortality with HDI. The statistical analysis was carried out by Stata 14, and significance level was estimated at the level of 0.05. Results: The results showed a positive correlation between incidence and thyroid cancer (r = 0.497, P < 0.05); however, the correlation observed between mortality and HDI was negative, which was not statistically significant (r = −0.06, P > 0.05). There was a positive and significant correlation between incidence with gross national income per 1000 capita (r = 0.328, P < 0.0001), Mean years of schooling (r = 0.445, P < 0.0001) life expectancy at birth (r = 0.509, P < 0.0001) and expected years of schooling (r = 0.463, P < 0.0001); however, this correlation was not statistically significant in mortality rate (P > 0.05). Linear regression model showed that increase in LEB (B = 0.2, confidence interval [CI] 95%: [0.01, 0.4]) significantly increased thyroid cancer incidence (P < 0.05). The regression analysis showed that increase in life expectancy at birth (B = 0.02, CI 95% [0.008, 0.04]) increased mortality (P < 0.05). The study showed that the mean incidence and thyroid cancer mortality in female were significantly higher than males (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The thyroid cancer incidence in high-HDI countries and the mortality rate in countries with low HDI are increasing. Therefore, HDI can be used to provide a clear picture for the distribution of this cancer in different parts of the world.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):162-167
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_2_19
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The role of ultrasound in the prediction of successful induction of labour

    • Authors: Sara Nejateslami Fard, Mahsa Naemi, Reihaneh Pirjani, Vajiheh Marsoosi
      Pages: 168 - 172
      Abstract: Sara Nejateslami Fard, Mahsa Naemi, Reihaneh Pirjani, Vajiheh Marsoosi
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):168-172
      Background: So far, there has not been conducted the study in Iran about the role of ultrasound in the prediction of successful induction of labour. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of sonographic parameters that may help clinicians to improve the prediction of the outcome of induction and need for ripening of cervix before induction. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, the number of 298 singleton pregnancies that attended for the induction of labour at Shariati and Arash Hospitals in 2017 was evaluated. Immediately before the induction, transvaginal sonography was performed for the measurement of cervical length and posterior cervical angle, and a transabdominal scan was carried out to determine the position of the foetal occiput. Cox proportional hazard model was used for determination of the effects of independent predictor variables on the induction-to-delivery time. Results: The most common indication for the induction was movement reduction and prolonged pregnancy with 20.5% and 18.5% of cases, respectively. The mean of posterior cervical angle in patient delivered vaginally was 124 ± 18 and in patient delivered by caesarean section was 100 ± 26.5 (P < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of sonography compared Bishop score for the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 h and was 93.98%, 47.56%, 75% and 82.52%, respectively. Conclusion: The use of parameters of sonographic to predict the outcome of induction enables the clinician to present precise information to mothers and plan for the further management of the pregnancy.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):168-172
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_77_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Natural tooth pontic: An interim restoration for compromised aesthetic
           conditions

    • Authors: Kesha N Vaghani, Prasad S Nadig, Monali A Shah, Deepak H Dave
      Pages: 173 - 176
      Abstract: Kesha N Vaghani, Prasad S Nadig, Monali A Shah, Deepak H Dave
      Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):173-176
      Loss of teeth in the anterior region leads to compromised aesthetics. It is physiologically as well as socially damaging situation. Tooth loss can be due to excessive bone loss, trauma or other endodontic reasons. The replacement of lost tooth depends on several factors. After removal of the tooth for a time being, temporisation may be required before placement of permanent restoration. Permanent replacement can be in the form of removable prosthesis or fixed partial dentures. The first line of treatment after extraction of anterior teeth, irrespective of final restoration, is placement of temporary prosthesis. This article describes a case of natural tooth used as a pontic splinted to adjacent teeth using a fibre-reinforced splint and composite following extraction of tooth in the maxillary anterior region.
      Citation: Advances in Human Biology 2019 9(2):173-176
      PubDate: Wed,8 May 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/AIHB.AIHB_58_18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
 
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