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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

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Journal Cover Journal of Clinical Sciences
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   ISSN (Print) 1595-9587
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Mental health in a recessed economy

    • Authors: Elaine Chinyelu Azinge
      Pages: 105 - 105
      Abstract: Elaine Chinyelu Azinge
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):105-105

      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):105-105
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_69_17
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Poststroke anxiety disorders in a Nigerian hospital: Prevalence,
           associated factors, and impacts on quality of life

    • Authors: Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Andrew T Olagunju, Peter O Ogunnubi, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini
      Pages: 106 - 112
      Abstract: Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Andrew T Olagunju, Peter O Ogunnubi, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):106-112
      Background and Purpose: Anxiety disorders impact negatively on morbidity and mortality poststroke. Few studies have, however, been done on poststroke anxiety disorders (PSAD), particularly in Africa. The study aims to determine the prevalence, associated clinicodemographic factors, and impact of PSAD on quality of life (QoL) among outpatients at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Methods: Seventy stroke survivors attending Outpatient Clinics at Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, were recruited into the study. Participants were assessed using sociodemographic/clinical questionnaire, the modified Mini–Mental State Examination, the Modified Rankin Scale, the Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, and the World Health Organization-QoL-Bref. Data collection took 5 months and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS®) software version 17.0. Results: The mean age of respondents was 57.43 (±9.67) years and 38 respondents (54%) were male. Majority of the stroke survivors had infarctive stroke 55 (78.6%), right hemispheric lesions 37 (52.9%), and significant poststroke disabilities 57 (81.4%). The prevalence of PSAD was 10% and agoraphobia with panic attacks was elicited in 42.8% of those diagnosed with PSAD. Participants with PSAD were significantly more likely to be unemployed (P = 0.01) and pay more than ₦10,000 ($62.50 at December 2013) monthly for health care. The mean QoL scores were lower in participants with PSAD across all QoL spheres, and significantly so for overall health (P = 0.04), health satisfaction (P = 0.02), and physical health (P = 0.01) domains. Conclusion: PSAD, especially agoraphobia in association with unemployment and high health-care costs correlated with poor well-being among stroke survivors. Proactive measures to ensure prompt identification and management may potentially improve outcome and QoL after stroke.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):106-112
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_68_16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Head and neck cancers: An histopathologic review of cases seen in three
           Tertiary Hospitals in Northwestern Nigeria

    • Authors: Abdul-Warith Olaitan Akinshipo, Abdulrazak O Taiwo, Kabiru Abdullahi, Abdulqadir Yalaraba Fatimah, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Mayun Audu Ahmed
      Pages: 113 - 118
      Abstract: Abdul-Warith Olaitan Akinshipo, Abdulrazak O Taiwo, Kabiru Abdullahi, Abdulqadir Yalaraba Fatimah, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Mayun Audu Ahmed
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):113-118
      Context: Head and neck cancers (HNCs) display variable biological and geographical variations even within the same country. Aims: This study aims to determine the histopathologic pattern of HNCs in three Northwestern states of Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara in Nigeria. Settings and Design: This was an hospital-based descriptive retrospective study carried out at Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kebbi; Federal Medical Centre, Gusau; and Usmanu Danfodio Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. Subjects and Methods: Medical and histopathologic records of all HNCs seen at these centers between January 2006 and December 2013, were reviewed, and data on time of presentation, sociodemographic, anatomic site, and histology were collected and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 20) (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) statistical software. Quantitative data were summarized using simple descriptive statistics of means and standard deviation (SD). Chi-square tests were used to analyze the nonparametric variables. Statistical significance was inferred at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Three hundred and eighty-one malignant HNCs were seen over a period of 8 years with an annual frequency of 47 cases. There was a male to female ratio of 1.2:1, and the mean age was 39.5 ± 19.2 (±SD). About 70.3% of cases were carcinomas, 15.0% were sarcomas, and 8.7% were lymphomas. Squamous cell carcinoma (34.9%) was the highest carcinomas while non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (6.6%) and rhabdomyosarcoma (4.2%) were the most common lymphomas and sarcomas observed, respectively. The most common sites were those of the lips, oral cavity, and pharynx International Statistical Classification of Diseases-10 (C00–C14). Conclusions: This present study demonstrates the rising trend of HNCs in these regions and highlights the urgent need for adoption of grass root policies that would incorporate public participation especially those under 40 years, in the awareness on the harmful use of carcinogenic substances such as tobacco and alcohol and dangerous sexual habits. There should also be concerted promotion of targeted preventive strategies, early screening, treatment, support, and lifelong rehabilitation.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):113-118
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_18_17
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Oral health in pregnancy: Self-reported impact of exposure to oral health
           information

    • Authors: Clement C Azodo, Vivian O Omuemu
      Pages: 119 - 125
      Abstract: Clement C Azodo, Vivian O Omuemu
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):119-125
      Introduction: There is dearth of information on the impact of oral health information on knowledge and belief of oral health among pregnant women. The objective of the study was to determine the impact of oral health information on oral health knowledge and belief among Nigerian pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic (ANC) of a large university teaching hospital in Benin City, Nigeria, using interviewer-administered questionnaire as data collection tool. Descriptive and regression statistics were performed on data collected using SPSS version 17.0. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 410 pregnant women with a mean age of 29.6 ± 5.3 years participated in this study. Of the participants, 94 (22.9%) exhibited adequate overall oral health knowledge. The significant determinants of oral health knowledge were ever received oral health information and receipt of oral health advice in pregnancy. About two-thirds (61.5%) of the participants held erroneous oral health believes. The erroneous oral health belief was significantly higher among the unmarried, multiparous, nonchristians, illiterate, and nonprofessional indigenous participants. Educational attainment emerged as the only significant predictor of good oral health belief. Conclusion: Data from this study revealed that exposure to oral health information exerted a significant positive impact on oral health knowledge but not on belief of the studied pregnant women. Exploration of the quality and mode of receipt of oral health information among pregnant women is recommended.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):119-125
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_63_16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The survey of head teachers of private schools regarding knowledge and
           implementation of the school health program in Ilorin

    • Authors: Mohammed Baba Abdulkadir, Zainab Ajoke Abdulkadir
      Pages: 126 - 130
      Abstract: Mohammed Baba Abdulkadir, Zainab Ajoke Abdulkadir
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):126-130
      Background and Objectives: School health program (SHP) is a critical aspect of the nation's healthcare system integrating education and delivery of health-care services. We sought to explore knowledge of head teachers regarding the SHP and determine their level of implementation. Methods: A survey was conducted of head teachers of privately owned primary and secondary schools in Ilorin. A pretested questionnaire with information on knowledge of SHP and current facilities and practices in their schools was given to head teachers at a training workshop to improve their awareness regarding hygiene and disease prevention in schools. Results: A total of 100 questionnaires were distributed with 84 head teachers returning their completed questionnaires. The mean (standard deviation) age of the head teachers was 43.3 (9.9) years with a female:male ratio of 1.9:1. Thirty-eight (47.5%) of the head teachers had good/adequate knowledge, and female head teachers were statistically more likely to have adequate knowledge Thirty-nine of the schools delivered school health services, most commonly by a health assistant (79.5%). Fifty-nine (73.8%) of the schools had a first aid box. The most common source of water was well water (46.3%). Refuse and sewage disposal was largely by incineration and water closet system, respectively. Conclusion: School head teachers had a poor knowledge of SHP and inadequate school health services in their school.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):126-130
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_18_16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Knowledge of chemotherapy and occupational safety measures among nurses in
           oncology units

    • Authors: Sylvia E Nwagbo, Rose Ekama Ilesanmi, Beatrice M Ohaeri, Abimbola O Oluwatosin
      Pages: 131 - 137
      Abstract: Sylvia E Nwagbo, Rose Ekama Ilesanmi, Beatrice M Ohaeri, Abimbola O Oluwatosin
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):131-137
      Background: The mutagenic and teratogenic effects of chemotherapeutic agents from repeated exposure during care are well documented. Nurses are among the healthcare professionals who constantly handle these agents, therefore their knowledge and pattern of occupational safety is a concern. This study sought to determine knowledge of chemotherapy and occupational safety measures of nurses in oncology units in the University College hospital, Ibadan. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study design, based on Protection Motivation theory was conducted among 100 purposively selected nurses from oncology unit of the hospital. Data were collected using a 54-item validated questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance was used. Results: Respondents were within 35.4 ± 5.1 years. More than half of the respondents had over 3 years practice in the oncology unit (mean 2.62, ± 1.1). Knowledge of chemotherapy among the cohort was high; mean 13.9 ± 2.2, 70 % understood the use of gloves and gowns as part of safety guidelines. On handling patients' clothes, only 57% understood that such should not be washed by hand or with other clothes. Cumulatively, 79.2% of the respondents knew about the safety guidelines, 4.7% had no knowledge while 16.1% were not sure of the correct guidelines for administering chemotherapy. Respondents' level of education was significantly associated with knowledge of chemotherapy, P<0.05; practice score was also significantly associated with respondents' cadre; P<0.05. Conclusion: Periodic and consistent update of nurses' knowledge supported by policies to enforce guidelines implementation is recommended.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):131-137
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_88_16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Postoperative pain management in children: A survey of practices of
           pediatric surgeons in Nigeria

    • Authors: Abdulrasheed A Nasir, Emmanuel A Ameh, Lukman O Abdur-Rahman, Israel K Kolawole, Olanrewaju O Oyedepo, James O Adeniran
      Pages: 138 - 143
      Abstract: Abdulrasheed A Nasir, Emmanuel A Ameh, Lukman O Abdur-Rahman, Israel K Kolawole, Olanrewaju O Oyedepo, James O Adeniran
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):138-143
      Background: Postoperative pain has a negative effect on the process of recovery. There is paucity of literature on the postoperative pain management practice in children in developing countries. We sought to determine the current practice of postoperative pain management in children among pediatric surgeons in Nigeria. Methods: A cohort of 43 pediatric surgeons/trainees attending two annual meetings of Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Nigeria (2011 and 2013) were surveyed with a questionnaire enquiring about the practice of postoperative pain management in children and their perceptions. Results: Thirty-seven respondents had completed the survey (86% response rate). Of these respondents, 27 (73.0%) were consultants and 10 (27.0%) were trainees. Only 2 (5.4%) respondents used any guidelines, and 8 (21.6%) respondents had an established institutional protocol for the pediatric postoperative pain management. Almost half of the respondents (18, 48.6%) used clinical judgments for assessing postoperative pain, followed by crying, requires oxygen to maintain saturation > 95%, increased vital signs, expressions, and sleeplessness scale (13, 35.1%); alertness, calmness, respiratory response/crying, physical movement, muscle tone, and facial tension behavioral scale (11, 29.7%); and verbal rating (10, 27.0%). In neonates, 89% of the respondents used paracetamol and 32% used pentazocine for routine postoperative analgesia. None of the respondents used morphine for neonatal postoperative analgesia. In older children, commonly used analgesics include paracetamol (35, 94.6%), pentazocine (30, 81.1%), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (28, 75.7%). More than half of the respondents (20, 54.1%) were not satisfied with their current practice of postoperative pain management. Conclusion: Pain was infrequently assessed, and analgesic therapy though multimodal was largely not protocol based and therefore subject to inadequate pain relief. Postoperative pain should be more visible in our hospitals, and efforts should be made to improve its assessment and management.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):138-143
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_100_16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Infantile hemangioendothelioma of the liver in a Nigerian newborn: A case
           report

    • Authors: Beatrice Nkolika Ezenwa, Uche Nwaogazie, Patricia Akintan, Ireti Fajolu, Chinyere Ezeaka, Oluwafunmilayo Adeniyi
      Pages: 144 - 147
      Abstract: Beatrice Nkolika Ezenwa, Uche Nwaogazie, Patricia Akintan, Ireti Fajolu, Chinyere Ezeaka, Oluwafunmilayo Adeniyi
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):144-147
      Hepatic hemangioendothelioma is the most common benign vascular tumor of the liver in infancy and it is the most likely of all hepatic tumors to present with symptoms early in life, presenting in the first 6 months of life. It may present with life-threatening complications such as congestive cardiac failure and thrombocytopenia. As a way of creating awareness to the existence of this rare condition in our environment, we report a case of symptomatic hemangioendothelioma in a newborn and challenges that can be encountered during management in a resource poor-setting. Baby OA is a 22-day-old female neonate who presented with an abdominal mass noted at birth. Diagnosis was made based on clinical findings and results of abdominal ultrasound scan and computerized tomography scan which were in keeping with a hepatic hemangioendothelioma. She was treated with oral prednisolone, propranolol, and aggressive supportive treatment with blood and platelet concentrate transfusions. Her management was hampered by challenges in obtaining a histologic diagnosis, financial constraints, and unavailability of wider therapeutic options. She has been discharged and is being followed-up at the out-patient clinics. Hemangioendothelioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of infants presenting with an abdominal mass in the newborn period as it could be associated with significant morbidity and mortality requiring aggressive treatment and meticulous supportive care.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):144-147
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2468-6859.213084
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Tapia&#39;s syndrome after surgery for recurrent pleomorphic
           adenoma of the parotid gland

    • Authors: Azeez Adetokunbo Fashina, Olalekan Gbotolorun, Ibironke Desalu, Olawale Adamson
      Pages: 148 - 151
      Abstract: Azeez Adetokunbo Fashina, Olalekan Gbotolorun, Ibironke Desalu, Olawale Adamson
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):148-151
      Tapia's syndrome consists of concurrent injury to the recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerves. Trauma as a result of direct pressure from inflated cuff of the tracheal anesthetic tube and/or overextension of the neck during surgery have been reported to be possible causes of this syndrome. Here, we report a case of Tapia's syndrome following surgical excision of a very large recurrent parotid tumor. The aim of this report is to draw the attention of head and neck surgeons and anesthetists to this often unexpected condition. A 30-year-old female presented to the surgical outpatient clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital with a massive, multinodular, right facial swelling. There was no sensory or motor nerve paresis on presentation. The patient underwent surgical excision of the swelling under general anesthesia. Two hours after extubation, the patient had difficulty moving the entire tongue and had difficulty with phonation. A working diagnosis of Tapia's syndrome was made based on clinical presentation and assessment. The patient was reassured and placed on tablets neurobion three times daily and tablets prednisolone 20 mg daily. Fourteen days after surgery, hoarseness of voice had resolved completely and full tongue control returned after 2 months. Tapia's syndrome must be considered, especially by all head and neck surgeons and anesthetists even though it is usually a rare complication of surgery.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):148-151
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2468-6859.213086
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Myofibroblastic sarcoma in a sickle cell anemia patient: A case report
           from Sokoto, North-Western, Nigeria

    • Authors: Ibrahim Abdulqadir, Muhammad Alhaji Ndakotsu, Abubakar Umar Musa, Umar Mohammed
      Pages: 152 - 154
      Abstract: Ibrahim Abdulqadir, Muhammad Alhaji Ndakotsu, Abubakar Umar Musa, Umar Mohammed
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):152-154
      Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) is a rare malignant tumor of soft tissue that commonly presents as a painless enlarging mass of the affected site. There are several reported cases of malignant cancers among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, and to the best of our knowledge, there was no previously reported case of LGMS occurring in a known SCD patient in our environment. We report a 16-year- old patient with sickle cell anemia who presented with the left knee swelling that was initially managed as a benign infection, but a later histological examination revealed a diagnosis of LGMS.
      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):152-154
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_48_17
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Quick response codes in pediatric dentistry

    • Authors: Karteek Durbakula, Shakil Moidin
      Pages: 155 - 156
      Abstract: Karteek Durbakula, Shakil Moidin
      Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):155-156

      Citation: Journal of Clinical Sciences 2017 14(3):155-156
      PubDate: Thu,17 Aug 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/jcls.jcls_2_17
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
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