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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

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Journal Cover International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2348-8832 - ISSN (Online) 2348-8093
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • The message of international yoga day

    • Authors: Gopal Krushna Pal
      Pages: 55 - 56
      Abstract: Gopal Krushna Pal
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):55-56

      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):55-56
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_31_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Cardioprotective effects of angiotensin converting Enzyme II

    • Authors: Leta Melaku, Andualem Mossie
      Pages: 57 - 68
      Abstract: Leta Melaku, Andualem Mossie
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):57-68
      To circumvent the major threats of low blood volume and low blood pressure, animals need powerful mechanisms for salt and water conservation, which is renin–angiotensin system (RAS). Activation of RAS is therefore a useful response in many demanding situations. However, an increased activity of the RAS, especially in combination with other cardiovascular risk factors, may lead to a cascade of deleterious effects such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, myocardial remodeling, heart failure, ischemic stroke, and diabetes mellitus. Many of these pathophysiological actions of angiotensin II (Ang II) may still be viewed as being homeostatic in principle but harmful if carried to excess. Numerous experimental studies have indicated that angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE II) efficiently hydrolyzes the potent vasoconstrictor Ang II to Ang 1–7. Thus, the axis formed by ACE II/Ang 1–7/Mas appears to represent an endogenous counter-regulatory pathway within the RAS, the actions of which are in opposition to the vasoconstrictor/proliferative arm of the RAS consisting of ACE, Ang II, and Ang II Type 1 receptor (AT1R). Although most of the well-known cardiovascular and renal effects of RAS are attributed to ACE, an important enzyme in the generation of Ang II, much less is known about the functions of ACE II. This review summarizes recently published data on the basic properties of ACE II and Ang 1–7 and a summary of the evidence from experimental and clinical studies of various pathological conditions related to the biological roles of ACE II/Ang 1–7/Mas in the heart.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):57-68
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A comparative study of the effect of ambient air pollution on ventilatory
           function tests in urban and rural population

    • Authors: Veeanna Hoovinahole Bhadranna, Christofer Thomas
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: Veeanna Hoovinahole Bhadranna, Christofer Thomas
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):69-74
      Background and Aim: The particulate matter (PM10) is considered as the criteria parameter for assessing the quality of air that we respire as it is known to produce a significant impairment in ventilatory functions leading to respiratory diseases including bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of this study was to compare the lung function status in an urban population residing in an area with high ambient air pollutant with rural population with minimal concentration of air pollutant in their working environment. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted with 144 exposed subjects and 148 control subjects. A computerised spirometer was used to assess the ventilatory function parameters. Ventilatory parameters like FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEFR, FEF25, FEF50, FEF75, MVV was taken into consideration for the preset study which was also analysed with respect to the control and study group as well as with respect to the age group of the study subjects. Monitoring the concentration of the ambient air pollutants was done by the air monitoring stations of the Karnataka state pollution control board. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS package. Results: There was no significant differences in the anthropometric parameters of both study and control group. The results showed that the ventilatory function test of the urban study group was markedly declined when compared with the control group which was statistically significant. It was also found that the mean values of parameters like FVC, FEV1, PFF, FEV1/FVC%, FEF25-75%, V max 25%, 50%, 75% was statistically different in <30 years and >30 years among study and control group.Conclusion: Considering the fact that all the subjects participated in the study are from the same ethnic origin, residing at same altitude and non smokers, the significant reduction in the lung function parameters in the exposed group could be only due to the their exposure to the air pollutants.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):69-74
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_24_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of anthropometric profile in obesity in nigerian females during
           pregnancy

    • Authors: WB Vidona, Aduema Wadioni, SN Okeke
      Pages: 75 - 81
      Abstract: WB Vidona, Aduema Wadioni, SN Okeke
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):75-81
      Background and Aim: Excess body fat deposition is known to be unhealthy. There have been controversies on defined anthropometric parameters for the assessment of obesity during pregnancy. This is because certain cut-off values relating to it are influenced by age, sex, ethnicity, and trimesters of pregnancy. This study is aimed at investigating the use of anthropometric parameters to measure obesity and determine its prevalence in the different trimesters of pregnancy. Methods: The research is a prospective study of 460 pregnant women in the sample proportion of 110, 110, and 240 in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters, respectively, chosen randomly from antenatal clinic of the Rivers State Primary Health care centre, Rumuepirikom, Obio-Akpor, Rivers State. Measurements of height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference were obtained. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from values of height and weight. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were also calculated from waist and hiP values. Results: The result showed a BMI prevalence of 3.6%, 7.3%, and 0.8%; WC prevalence of 15.5%, 15.5%, and 3%; WHR prevalence of 43.6%, 35.5%, and 14.2%; WHtR prevalence of 56.4%, 51.8%, and 40% all in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters, respectively. A negative linear correlation was shown between the other indices and BMI as an independent variable in 1st trimester with value (r = −0.015) against a (r = 0.085 and 0.165) in WC and WHtR, respectively. There was an association among the other anthropometric indices against BMI with no statistically significant difference at the level of 95% (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study are therefore recommended as a guide for clinical judgment in preventive and therapeutic health care services on obesity.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):75-81
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_25_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Association of prehypertension status with sympathovagal imbalance in
           young first-degree relatives of Type 2 diabetics in Indian population is
           linked to body mass index

    • Authors: Gopal Krushna Pal, Pravati Pal, Balasubramanian Suchitra, Allampalli Sirisha, Nivedita Nanda
      Pages: 82 - 86
      Abstract: Gopal Krushna Pal, Pravati Pal, Balasubramanian Suchitra, Allampalli Sirisha, Nivedita Nanda
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):82-86
      Background and Aim: As reports indicate that autonomic imbalance and hypertension in first-degree relatives (FDR) of type 2 diabetics predispose them to cardiovascular (CV) risks, in the present study, we have assessed contribution of body mass index (BMI) to sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) and prehypertension status in these patients. Methods: BMI, basal heart rate (BHR), blood pressure (BP), prehypertension status, rate pressure product (RPP), and spectral indices of heart rate variability (HRV) were reordered and analyzed in FDR of type 2 diabetics (Study group, n = 63) and in individuals with no family history of diabetes (Control group, n = 87). Results: BMI and low-frequency-high-frequency (LF-HF), the ratio of LF to HF power (LF-HF ratio) of HRV, a sensitive marker of SVI was significantly increased (P < 0.001) in the study group compared to control group. The SVI in the study group was due to concomitant sympathetic activation (increased LF) and vagal inhibition (decreased HF). In the study group, BMI was significantly correlated with LF-HF ratio, BHR, BP, and RPP. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated an independent contribution of BMI to prehypertension status and bivariate logistic regression revealed significant prediction of prehypertension status by LF-HF and BMI in the study group. Conclusion: BMI is more in FDR of type 2 diabetics and SVI in the form of increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic activity is present in them. Increased resting heart rate, elevated prehypertension status, decreased HRV, and increased RPP in these participants make them vulnerable to CV risks. BMI in these participants could be the link between SVI, prehypertension, and CV risks.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):82-86
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_34_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of physical activity and parameters of body stature and body
           composition on respiratory muscle strength in healthy young males: An
           observational study

    • Authors: Bhakti P Gadhavi, Jayesh Dalpatbhai Solanki, Hemant B Mehta, Amit H Makwana, Chinmay J Shah, Pradnya A Gokhale
      Pages: 87 - 91
      Abstract: Bhakti P Gadhavi, Jayesh Dalpatbhai Solanki, Hemant B Mehta, Amit H Makwana, Chinmay J Shah, Pradnya A Gokhale
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):87-91
      Background and Aim: Obesity and physical inactivity affect respiratory functioning adversely. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) measure the strength of respiratory muscles. We studied the MIP and MEP in nonathletic young males in relation to adiposity and physical activity. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on a consecutive sample of sixty young apparently healthy nonathletic males. Body mass index (BMI) and body composition were measured by Omron Karada Scan by tetra poplar bio-electrical impedance. We measured MIP and MEP by Ultima PFX real-time diffusion (RTD) (Medgraphic diagnostic company, USA), Breezesuite software, flow volume calibration, and guidelines laid by the American Thoracic Society. Results were analyzed further by comparing the actual value against the predicted value among the three patterns of subgrouping based on BMI, visceral fat (VF), and physical activity. Statistical significance was set at P< 0.05. Results: The study group had a mean age of 21 years, mean BMI of 22.5, and nearly half with BMI <22.5 and half were physically active. Better profile of body composition was present in males with BMI <22.5, VF <10%, and physical activity. MIP and MEP of the study participants were significantly lower than the predicted values, significantly better with physical activity and better without statistical significance with BMI or VF controlled. MIP and MEP correlated negatively but insignificantly with most other test parameters. Conclusion: Maximal respiratory pressures of young nonathletic males were less than predicted, more so with physical inactivity than adiposity. This indicates the importance of exercise and moderate physical activity to strengthen the respiratory muscle for optimal maximum respiration.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):87-91
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_22_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of acute bronchodilator response in participants with or
           without airway obstruction in a tertiary care Hospital of West Bengal

    • Authors: Joyashree Banerjee, Ashmita Sengupta, Aloke Kumar Sinhababu, Anilbaran Singhamahapatra, Pranab Kumar Dey
      Pages: 92 - 96
      Abstract: Joyashree Banerjee, Ashmita Sengupta, Aloke Kumar Sinhababu, Anilbaran Singhamahapatra, Pranab Kumar Dey
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):92-96
      Background and Aim: Acute bronchodilator response (BDR) during spirometry is very common in clinical studies. The response varies in different groups of participants. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of BDR in participants with or without airway obstruction. Methods: A retrospective analytical study of the spirometry results was undertaken. The spirometric values were analyzed for the present study. Among them, 1024 test results were included in our study. The values were estimated by an electronic spirometer, model-RMS Helios-702 in the Department of Physiology, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata on 3200 participants. Results: Acute BDR was higher in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) participants (45.4%) compared to other participants. Reversibility test was positive in 41.2% of asthma, 31% of allergic rhinitis, 32% of chronic cough, and 13.6% in apparently healthy participants. Conclusion: A good percentage of positive BDR is found not only in COPD and asthma but also in allergic rhinitis, chronic cough, apparently healthy participants which indicate its wider utility.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):92-96
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_27_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effects of diets containing black-eyed beans and serotonin precursors on
           neuromuscular coordination in experimental mice

    • Authors: Aduema Wadioni, DI Izunwanne, AK Amah
      Pages: 97 - 100
      Abstract: Aduema Wadioni, DI Izunwanne, AK Amah
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):97-100
      Background and Aim: Black-eyed beans contain the neurotransmitter serotonin and its precursor, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) which is known to have neurobehavioral effects on neuromuscular coordination. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find whether long-term consumption uncooked bean diet has effects on some neurobehavioral parameters notably; neuromuscular coordination using Swiss white mice as experimental animals. Methods: Thirty CD1 mice were randomly assigned into three groups, namely, control, uncooked beans diet (50% w/w), and serotonin precursor (5-HTP) diet (0.2 mg/50 g w/w) for 30 days. All the mice had access to clean drinking water ad libitum. Before the neurobehavioral parameters were assessed, the LD50of the beans and that of the serotonin precursor (5-HTP) was determined. Serotonin concentration was measured in beans using gas chromatography analysis. Neuromuscular coordination was investigated alongside food and water intake and body weight change. The involvement of serotonin pathway was investigated using the set of mice administered serotonin precursor for comparison with the beans diet-fed mice. Beam walking was used to assess neuromuscular coordination. Results: The results showed that beans and 5-HTP-fed mice showed better neuromuscular coordination when compared to control. This is because, decreased frequency of foot slips and longer latency of falls indicates a higher level of maneuverability in the beam, thus indicating better neuromuscular coordination. Conclusion: Long-term consumption of uncooked beans improves neuromuscular coordination.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):97-100
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_7_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Observation of various demographic, socio-economic and physical factors
           with Sthaulya (obesity) in individuals preferring day sleep: A cross
           sectional survey

    • Authors: Akhilesh Shukla, Anupama Shukla, AS Baghel, Mahesh Vyas
      Pages: 101 - 104
      Abstract: Akhilesh Shukla, Anupama Shukla, AS Baghel, Mahesh Vyas
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):101-104
      Background and Aim: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality as well as reduced life expectancy. Ayurveda has emphasized that the sleep pattern of the individual is equally responsible for obesity alike food. The aim of this study is to identify the association between day sleep and Sthaulya (Obesity) among patients aged between 20 and 60 years. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 250 Sthaulya (obesity) patients visiting the outpatient department. Sleep pattern questionnaire was used for the survey study. Results: The survey study revealed that habit of sleeping during daytime for more than 1 h, especially just after having lunch, waking up late after 6 AM in the morning, and sleeping for more than 8 h in a day is the important factors associated with Sthaulya (obesity). Conclusion: To prevent obesity, sleep after lunch and getting-up late in the morning should be avoided.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):101-104
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Problem-seeking learning in medical education

    • Authors: Sabyasachi Sircar
      Pages: 105 - 106
      Abstract: Sabyasachi Sircar
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):105-106

      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):105-106
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • News and Views

    • Pages: 107 - 108
      Abstract:
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):107-108

      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(2):107-108
      PubDate: Mon,17 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2348-8832.210937
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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