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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2348-8832 - ISSN (Online) 2348-8093
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Transition from prediabetes to diabetes is preventable

    • Authors: Gopal Krushna Pal, Nivedita Nanda
      Pages: 163 - 165
      Abstract: Gopal Krushna Pal, Nivedita Nanda
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):163-165

      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):163-165
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_2_18
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • The development of social and educational mobility of students using
           effective functioning of the educational units

    • Authors: Lygina Marina
      Pages: 166 - 169
      Abstract: Lygina Marina
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):166-169
      The mobility in education is nothing but the cross border studies applied on teachers and students as well as educational training institutions. There are number of reasons for using educational mobility in different countries. The educational units or an institution plays very significant role in the development of social and educational mobility of students. The migrants should understand the educational functions, activities, and other activities of migrated country; therefore, the educational institutions should conduct frequent training programs for migrants. The effective training mainly depends on different social problems; hence, it is required to have program to solve such social problems effectively. This can be possible only through the effective functioning of educational units. In the present study, we have focused on the Russian educational units, in which the professional training is required to develop the social and educational motility of migrants.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):166-169
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_50_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Assessment of subclinical derangement of cardiovascular autonomic
           regulation in stable asthmatic patients

    • Authors: Rajesh Gupta, Anupama Gupta, Navneet Kumar Kaushik, Rajat Chabbra, Sushma Sood
      Pages: 170 - 173
      Abstract: Rajesh Gupta, Anupama Gupta, Navneet Kumar Kaushik, Rajat Chabbra, Sushma Sood
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):170-173
      Background and Aim: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) is linked to asthma. The ANS controls several aspects of airway function. It was planned to assess the autonomic cardiovascular regulation in stable asthmatic patients by short-term heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Respiratory Medicine in collaboration with the Department of Physiology, Pt. B.D.S PGIMS, Rohtak in a total of eighty subjects/patients with comparable age, sex, weight, and height. Two groups with forty subjects/patients in each were formed as follows: Group 1: stable asthmatics and Group 2: nonasthmatics (controls). Electrocardiography and HRV of the participants were measured using digitalized polyrite-D as per the standard protocol. Results: Frequency domain parameters showed statistically significant difference between two groups. Low frequency (LF) (nu) was (48.9 ± 17.8 vs. 53.3 ± 16.9) significantly less (P < 0.05), while high frequency (HF) (nu) significantly more (41.4 ± 15.19 vs. 38.3 ± 1.2) in Group 1 as compared to Group 2. LF/HF (1.2 ± 0.6 vs. 1.39 ± 0.78) ratio was decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in Group 1. Conclusion: An overall reduced HRV (sympathetic activity) and deranged sympathovagal balance with vagal dominance (decreased LF, increased HF) in stable asthmatics. Hence, HRV could serve as a potential noninvasive tool to assess autonomic cardiovascular regulation in asthmatics.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):170-173
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Muscle calcium regulation from reducing hypokinetic and gravity effects
           using chronic antiorthostatic sleeping and chronic periodic fluid
           redistribution

    • Authors: Kostas K Kakuris, Yuri N Yaroshenko, Sergei K Denogratov, Nikolay H Neofitov
      Pages: 174 - 181
      Abstract: Kostas K Kakuris, Yuri N Yaroshenko, Sergei K Denogratov, Nikolay H Neofitov
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):174-181
      Background and Aim: Chronic periodic fluid redistribution (CPFR) and chronic antiorthostatic sleeping (CAOS) counteracting diminished muscular activity (hypokinesia [HK]) and earth gravity effects contribute to vascular volume and electrolyte regulation. We hypothesized that CPFR and CAOS counteracting gravity compression effects and HK could affect muscle calcium (Ca++). We therefore studied the potential clinical benefits of CPFR and CAOS on muscle calcium. Methods: Studies were conducted on 40 male volunteers. They were equally divided into four groups: active control subjects (ACS), hypokinetic subjects (HKS), CAOS control subjects (CAOSCS), and CAOS hypokinetic subjects (CAOSHS). We measured Ca++ in the muscle, plasma, urine, and feces during a preexperimental period of 390 days and an experimental period of 364 days. Results: In the CAOSHS group, muscle Ca++ increased (P < 0.05) and plasma Ca++ and Ca++ losses decreased (P < 0.05) compared to the HKS group. Muscle Ca++ increased more and Ca++ losses decrease more in a higher than a lower degree of CAOS position or higher than lower fluid shift to the head. In the HKS group without treatment of CPFR and CAOS, muscle Ca++ decreased (P < 0.05) and plasma Ca++ and Ca++ losses increased (P < 0.05) compared to the ACS, CAOSHS, and CAOSCS groups and the values at the preexperimental period. In the CAOSCS group, muscle Ca++ and plasma Ca++ and Ca++ losses did not change compared to the ACS group, and muscle Ca++ did not increase and plasma Ca++ and Ca++ losses did not decrease as in the CAOSHS group. Muscle Ca++, plasma Ca++, and Ca++ losses did not alter in the ACS group compared to their values at preexperimental period. All treated participants experience the need to urinate during the early preorthostatic and orthostatic position. Excretion of urine was (P < 0.05) higher in orthostatic position than in CAOS position and (P < 0.05) higher with lower fluid shift to the head than with higher fluid shift to the head. The participants were not experience blood pressure and heart rate changes in orthostatic position. Conclusion: The study provides evidence that muscle Ca++ increases from CPFR and CAOS, suggesting a potential benefit of muscle Ca++ regulation with treatment of CPFR and CAOS via chronically applied periodic and progressive fluid volume expansion.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):174-181
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_52_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Association of prehypertension status with cardiovascular risks in
           subclinical hypothyroidism

    • Authors: Gopalakrishna Jayakrishnan, Gopal Krushna Pal, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan, Pravati Pal, Allampalli Sirisha, Nivedita Nanda
      Pages: 182 - 189
      Abstract: Gopalakrishna Jayakrishnan, Gopal Krushna Pal, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan, Pravati Pal, Allampalli Sirisha, Nivedita Nanda
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):182-189
      Background and Aim: Although attenuated baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is known to promote cardiovascular (CV) risk, its status in subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has not been reported. Furthermore, the link of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) to CV risk in SCH has not been reported. This study aimed to assess the association of BRS to hypertension status and CV risk in SCH. Methods: SCH patients (n = 32) and controls (n = 32) were recruited for the study. Body mass index, basal heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, BRS, autonomic function tests, HR variability (HRV), high-sensitive C-reactive protein, lipid profile, and atherogenic index were measured. Prediction of prehypertension status by BRS was assessed. Results: There was significant decrease in BRS, increased sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic reactivity, decreased HRV and high-density lipoprotein, and significant increase in all other lipid parameters, in SCH compared to controls. A significant association was found between BRS and low-frequency to high-frequency ratio in SCH group. BRS had a significant prediction of prehypertension status. Conclusion: SVI and decreased BRS were observed in SCH group that was linked to SVI. Reduced BRS that contributes to prehypertension status predisposes to subclinical hypothyroids to CV risks.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):182-189
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_1_18
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Study of moisture content on various skin sites in different seasons in
           Indian population

    • Authors: Krutika Patel, Prachi Chetankumar Gajjar, Hita Hemant Mehta, Hemant Mehta, Jayesh Solanki
      Pages: 190 - 194
      Abstract: Krutika Patel, Prachi Chetankumar Gajjar, Hita Hemant Mehta, Hemant Mehta, Jayesh Solanki
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):190-194
      Background and Aim: Skin moisture reflects the health and good functionality of the skin, so analysis of variation in skin moisture in baseline individuals may be useful. Results and interpretations of this kind of studies may be useful for the management of common cutaneous disorders associated with decreased skin surface moisture and in the field of cosmetology. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to measure the variations in skin moisture level with regard to different seasons and skin sites in both genders of healthy Indian volunteers. Methods: Study was conducted on 600 (100 in each season) healthy Indian volunteers of age between 5 and 75 years. Skin moisture level was measured on the forehead, right ocular region, right cheek, right arm, and right palm by digital moisture monitor instrument from skin care company. The measurements were performed for one particular day of different seasons. All readings were measured in percentage. On the day of study, all individuals were placed in controlled environment. Results: Moisture level was found to be decreased in aging skin. Results varied with sites showing higher moisture in the right palm and lowest in the ocular region. Males were hydrated better than females, and temporal variation without uniform pattern was seen. Most differences were small and insignificant. Conclusion: Variation in moisture content will be helpful in quantitative evaluation of absorption, and action of various topical drugs and vehicles in normal individuals. It is also helpful in the field of cosmetology and developing new skin care product which may normalize skin physiology in diseased state.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):190-194
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_3_18
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • A new method for assessing coronal alignment of the tibial component in
           total knee arthroplasty with an intramedullary rod

    • Authors: Aykut Sigirci
      Pages: 195 - 197
      Abstract: Aykut Sigirci
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):195-197
      Background and Aim: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the primary operative treatment for advanced knee osteoarthritis. Proper positioning of the femoral and tibial components is very important because malpositioning can cause undesirable results, such as implant loosening and persistent pain, and can compromise implant survival. Methods: A total of 200 patients who underwent unilateral TKA were evaluated for their coronal tibial alignments. Group A included the last 100 patients operated on before use of the technique described here, and Group B included the first 100 patients operated on after its implementation. The checking technique involved using an intramedullary rod to help assess the coronal alignment of the tibial components. If the measured angle between the tibial plateau surface and the intramedullary rod was not within 90° ±3°, then adjustment cuts were indicated to create an ideal tibial plateau surface. Results: Group B had a significantly lower rate of tibial coronal malalignment than Group A (5% vs. 28%, respectively; P < 0.05). Tibial plateau cuts of 17 patients were adjusted with this method in Group B, and the final coronal position of tibial plateaus were in the ideal limits (90 ± 3). Conclusion: The intramedullary rod checking method is a simple and effective technique for arthroplasty surgeons to assess final tibial component coronal alignment during TKA.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):195-197
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_59_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Optimum volume of water to be added to the leishman stain while preparing
           a blood smear

    • Authors: Himel Mondal, Shaikat Mondal, Amit Pal
      Pages: 198 - 201
      Abstract: Himel Mondal, Shaikat Mondal, Amit Pal
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):198-201
      Background and Aim: During blood smear preparation, Leishman stain is first added to the slide for fixation. Then, aqueous fluid (e.g., distilled water [DW] and buffered water) is added and mixed with the stain. Different books suggest different amount of aqueous fluid to add with the stain. With this background, the aim of this study was to compare the quality of staining of blood smears stained by Leishman stain with different amount of DW. Methods: A total of 4 glass slides, with blood smear were stained by Leishman stain with different amount of DW – half the amount, equal the amount, 1½ times the amount, and double the amount of stain. After washing and drying, these blood films were seen under microscope, and the quality of staining was rated by 10 observers on 10-point scale. Scores for smears were compared by one-way ANOVA in Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The mean score for blood film stained with half DW was 7.5 ± 0.71, double DW was 7.9 ± 0.74, 1½ times DW was 7.7 ± 0.67, and double DW was 7.6 ± 0.52. There was no difference in mean score (P = 0.58) among the films when tested by ANOVA. Conclusion: There was no difference in quality of staining among smears stained by Leishman stain with different amount of DW. Hence, any volume of DW ranging from half the amount to double the amount of stain may be suggested for staining. However, half the amount may be avoided due to chances of stain precipitation.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):198-201
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_53_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Efficacy of a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention in improving
           cognition in overweight/obese subjects

    • Authors: Dipti Magan, Raj Kumar Yadav, Manju Mehta
      Pages: 202 - 206
      Abstract: Dipti Magan, Raj Kumar Yadav, Manju Mehta
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):202-206
      Background and Aim: The present report was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention in modifying cognitive functions and brain activity during cognitive tasks in overweight/obese patients. Methods: A total of (n = 12) Overweight/Obese patients and (n = 9) healthy controls who attended a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention program were recruited for the study. Anthropometric parameters include height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure; different cognitive domains include Controlled Oral Word Association Test,Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Verbal n-back Test, and Forward/backward digit span; self-report measures include the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory and Centre for epidemiologic studies for depression scale and electroencephalography (EEG) activity during different cognitive tasks were carried out twice, i.e. day 1 (baseline) and day 14 (end of intervention). Results: Significant (P < 0.05) improvement was observed for weight, BMI, mindfulness scores, n-back test, and total attention span following lifestyle intervention for overweight/obese patients. Furthermore, EEG activity showed significant (P < 0.05) increase in alpha, beta, and theta absolute power at the end of intervention. Parameters for control group remained comparable at day 14 versus day 1. Conclusion: Findings suggest that a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention may significantly improve cognitive functions and brain activity in overweight/obese patients.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):202-206
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_46_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Fingerprint pattern and blood groups in twins

    • Authors: Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Fawaz Pullishery, Sabin Siddique, Vanishree Shirodian, Vardharaj Venkat Ramaiah
      Pages: 207 - 210
      Abstract: Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Fawaz Pullishery, Sabin Siddique, Vanishree Shirodian, Vardharaj Venkat Ramaiah
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):207-210
      Background and Aim: Inherent genetic diversity and other random processes that affect growing embryo are the main factors responsible for the distinguishing nature of physical characteristics of a person. The focus of this study is to quantitatively determine the similarity of fingerprint pattern and blood groups in identical twins as well as in nonidentical twins. Methods: A total of 24 pairs of identical twins and 33 pairs of nonidentical twins were selected for the study. The fingerprints of the thumb, index, middle, ring, and little fingers of both hands of 57 pairs of twins were scanned. Due to differences in paper quality and degradation of the print over time, several of these fingerprints are of poor quality, and we selected only 51 pairs. The blood groups of the study population were identified using ABO System of Blood Grouping. Results: The results showed that “Arch” type was the most common type of fingerprint pattern present in both identical (42.04%) and nonidentical twins (53.10%). The Loop type was 26.59% and 22.24% in identical and nonidentical twins, respectively. Conclusion: All the identical twins shared the same blood group as their respective cotwin except one pair where they had a different type of B+ and O+. The similarity in fingerprint pattern among identical twins were very high than nonidentical twins, and it was statistically significant. Rh+ blood type was the common blood group in twins than Rh−.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):207-210
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_51_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of brainstem dysfunction in primary headache using the blink
           reflex

    • Authors: Arun Singh, Deepika Joshi, Ranveer Yadav, Abhishek Pathak, Rameshwar Nath Chaurasia, Vijay Nath Mishra, Garima Gupta
      Pages: 211 - 213
      Abstract: Arun Singh, Deepika Joshi, Ranveer Yadav, Abhishek Pathak, Rameshwar Nath Chaurasia, Vijay Nath Mishra, Garima Gupta
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):211-213
      Analysis of the blink reflex (BR) is a simple noninvasive method to evaluate the nociceptive brainstem pathways which are implicated in the pathogenesis of primary headaches. In the study, 75 patients of primary headaches were evaluated with the BR in the interictal period. There were 51 patients of migraine (Group I), 16 patients of tension-type headache (Group II), 8 patients of cluster headache (Group III), and 70 were control patients (Group IV) at a tertiary care referral center. All were subjected to a thorough clinical examination and were then evaluated with the BR. Significantly prolonged R2i and R2c were found in all study groups as compared to controls. An intergroup comparison with the controls revealed significantly prolonged R2i and R2c in the migraine and TTH group but not in the cluster headache group. Thus, abnormalities in the BR were found even in the headache-free periods in patients with primary headaches, thus implicating persistent sensitization of central brainstem nociceptive pathways. The nonsignificance in cluster headache could be due to small sample size.
      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):211-213
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • News

    • Authors: Nivedita Nanda
      Pages: 214 - 215
      Abstract: Nivedita Nanda
      International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):214-215

      Citation: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2017 4(4):214-215
      PubDate: Mon,29 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/2348-8832.224164
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2018)
       
 
 
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