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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 426 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 426 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  

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Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2542-6214 - ISSN (Online) 2542-6222
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [426 journals]
  • Pediatric renal transplants

    • Authors: RB Nerli, Shridhar C Ghagane
      Pages: 99 - 100
      Abstract: RB Nerli, Shridhar C Ghagane
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):99-100

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):99-100
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_99_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Burnout among healthcare professionals: Is it a cause for concern?

    • Authors: Punnya V Angadi
      Pages: 101 - 102
      Abstract: Punnya V Angadi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):101-102

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):101-102
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_102_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Maternal mental health and its influence on infant growth and development:
           A systematic review of observational studies in South and East Asia

    • Authors: Shubhashree Venkatesh, J Vindhya, Anita Nath
      Pages: 103 - 111
      Abstract: Shubhashree Venkatesh, J Vindhya, Anita Nath
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):103-111
      Maternal mental stress during pregnancy is an important public health concern. There is strong evidence from the Western world to support the presence of a significant association between maternal stress in pregnancy and adverse outcomes in the offspring. There are fewer studies from the South and East regions of Asia. The search was conducted according to the PRISMA criteria. Databases which included NCBI PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were used to search for relevant studies according to the eligibility criteria. Most of the studies have shown a significant relation between stress, depression, and anxiety during various stages of pregnancy with delayed mental, motor, and behavioral development of the child. Although studies from the region show a significant relation between various stress factors during pregnancy and child development, more such studies are needed, especially those using potential biomarkers as indicators of pregnancy-related stress.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):103-111
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_9_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Cytotoxic activity of endophytes isolated from Allamanda blanchetii A. DC

    • Authors: Harsha D Pednekar, Harsha V Hegde, Pramod J Hurakadale, Jyoti D Wagawade, Kishore G Bhat, Chetana Bogar
      Pages: 112 - 116
      Abstract: Harsha D Pednekar, Harsha V Hegde, Pramod J Hurakadale, Jyoti D Wagawade, Kishore G Bhat, Chetana Bogar
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):112-116
      AIM: To evaluate the cytotoxic potential of endophytic fungi isolated from A. blanchetii. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endophytic fungi were isolated from A. blanchetii using surface sterilization methods, grown in different types of media to ascertain their suitability for growth. Mass culture was prepared using suitable media and extracts using several solvents were prepared and dried. These extracts were later evaluated using MTT assay for their cytotoxic potential. RESULTS: Hydroalcoholic extract of Phomopsis species exhibited better cytotoxicity (80 μg/ml) when compared ethyl acetate extract of the same 160 μg/ml. Similarly, ethyl acetate extract of Phomopsis species, ethyl acetate extract of Alternaria aff. raphani J. W. Groves and Skolko also demonstrated cytotoxicity of 160 μg/ml in MTT assay against MCF 7 cell line. CONCLUSION: Both the species of Phomopsis and Alternaria have shown significant cytotoxicity in MTT assay.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):112-116
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_7_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Impact of refractive error correction on mental and visual development in
           children with global developmental delay

    • Authors: KS Smitha, VD Patil, Mahesh D Kamate, Madhav Prabhu, Umesh Harakuni, OP Rakshitha
      Pages: 117 - 122
      Abstract: KS Smitha, VD Patil, Mahesh D Kamate, Madhav Prabhu, Umesh Harakuni, OP Rakshitha
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):117-122
      PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate visual acuity and refractive status in children with global developmental delay (GDD) and to study the effect of early correction of refractive errors on vision and developmental quotient (DQ). METHODS: In this case series data with pre–post design, 100 consecutive children from 1 to 5 years of age diagnosed with GDD attending the child development clinic and referred to ophthalmology were evaluated for ocular complaints, status of visual acuity, and type of refractive error. Glasses were prescribed on the basis of cycloplegic retinoscopy. Etiological diagnosis and DQ were documented. Follow-up was done after 6 months for visual acuity, DQ, and qualitative questionnaire administered for the caretaker. Statistical analysis was done using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: Fifty-six children were <2.5 years of age and 44 children were >2.5 years. Severe GDD prevalence was more in children <2.5 years (43%) and mild GDD in >2.5 (50%). Of 47 who showed improvement in vision, 39 (71%) showed improvement in social behavior also, which was statistically significant. In children <2.5 years, more improvement in DQ was seen in the moderate intellectual disability group after refractive error correction. However, in the children of 2.5 years and above, more improvement was seen in the severe group. Overall, improvement in DQ in children from 1 to 5 years was statistically significant at 14%. CONCLUSION: Harmful effects of sensory visual deprivation on the development and functioning can be dampened by a simple and cost-effective approach of spectacles therapy which makes a spectacular effect in the case of children with GDD.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):117-122
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_315_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Quantification of mast cells in reactive oral lesions – A clue to
           the morphologic diversity

    • Authors: Saurabh Shekar, Punnya V Angadi
      Pages: 123 - 126
      Abstract: Saurabh Shekar, Punnya V Angadi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):123-126
      OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH), pyogenic granuloma (PG), peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF), and peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) are common oral soft-tissue reactive lesions that correspond to excessive connective tissue proliferation as a reaction to trauma or irritational factors local to the oral cavity. These lesions have specific differences in their histopathologic appearances and behavior in spite of having common etiologic factors. Mast cells (MCs) are immune-regulatory cells that have an important role to play in oral inflammation and have also been associated with tissue remodeling and fibrosis in various disorders. METHODOLOGY: MCs were stained with toluidine blue in cases of IFH (20), PG (20), PGCG (20), and POF (20) along with normal gingiva tissue as control (5) for quantification and comparison among them. RESULTS: The mast cell count was low in normal mucosa but a progressive increase was seen from PGCG to IFH to POF with maximum mast cells were evident in PG. There was a significant difference noted in the MC counts between the normal mucosa and the oral reactive lesions (P < 0.05). However, the difference in the MC count did not reach statistical significance among the reactive lesions (P = 0.400). CONCLUSION: MCs emerged as significant players in the pathogenesis and histopathologic diversity of oral reactive lesions by their effects on fibroblasts and endothelial cells.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):123-126
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_3_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Knowledge and perceptions of mothers of under-five children attending a
           tertiary care hospital about childhood diarrhea: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Dipak Kumar Dhar, Nilratan Majumder
      Pages: 127 - 131
      Abstract: Dipak Kumar Dhar, Nilratan Majumder
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):127-131
      CONTEXT: Diarrhea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among young children. The incidence of diarrhea has remained almost unchanged over the years, highlighting the scope of prevention. A mother is the primary caregiver of a child. Her perceptions and knowledge of a disease determine her care-seeking behavior and health of the child by extension. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the level of knowledge of mothers about different aspects of childhood diarrhea. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A hospital-based, descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Paediatrics, Agartala Government Medical College and G. B. Pant Hospital, Agartala, Tripura, over a period of 2 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size for the study was 700. Convenience sampling technique was used to interview 700 mothers of under-five children, using a predesigned structured interview format. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data were analyzed using SPSS version 13. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were used for analysis. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: Majority of the mothers had a correct perception of the symptoms and causes of diarrhea. Most of them also knew about the importance of handwashing and had also heard about oral rehydration solution (ORS). However, their awareness about the warning signs indicating severe dehydration and the role of ORS in diarrhea was very poor. Educational level was found to be significantly associated with the knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: To bring down the mortality rate, mothers have to be made aware of the warning signs and the role of ORS because adequate knowledge is a critical component of the decision-making process.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):127-131
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_43_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in patients with acute exacerbations of
           bronchial asthma: A one-year hospital-based cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Srinija Kummaraganti, Gajanan S Gaude
      Pages: 132 - 138
      Abstract: Srinija Kummaraganti, Gajanan S Gaude
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):132-138
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases. In India, bronchial asthma has 66% frequency of reported exacerbations. Vitamin D has action on pro-inflammatory mediators and smooth muscle function and proliferation, which has a direct relevance for lung function in asthma. This study was done to investigate the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in patients presenting with asthma exacerbations and to assess the correlation between decreased levels and various indicators of severity of exacerbations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 participants of whom 93 patients had acute exacerbations of bronchial asthma were included in this study. Vitamin D levels were analyzed among different subgroups based on asthma control, severity, and severity of exacerbations. Vitamin D levels were correlated to forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)% predicted, body mass index (BMI), steroid use, and number of exacerbations in the previous 1 year. RESULTS: Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency was 88.2%. Mean Vitamin D (± standard deviation [SD]) level was 12.50 ± 6.41 ng/ml, which was lower than that of patients in remissions (30.61 ± 4.00 ng/ml). Mean FEV1% predicted (±SD) was 54.06% ±15.39%. Patients with severe asthma and uncontrolled asthma had the lowest Vitamin D levels compared to the other subgroups (P < 0.0001). Vitamin D levels were lower in patients with severe exacerbation (8.61 ± 4.16 ng/ml) as compared to mild-moderate exacerbation (17.44 ± 5.25 ng/ml). Vitamin D levels were positively correlated with FEV1% predicted (r = 0.66) and were negatively correlated with BMI (r = −0.89), steroid usage (r = −0.85), and the number of exacerbations in the previous 1 year (r = −0.83). All were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in patients during exacerbations of bronchial asthma. It is also associated with lower lung functions and increased number of exacerbations. Thus, improving Vitamin D status might be effective in the prevention and treatment of bronchial asthma and exacerbations.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):132-138
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_222_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Prescribing patterns of Virechana Karma in terms of Shuddhi Lakshana

    • Authors: Shawan Barik, Buduru Sreenivasa Prasad
      Pages: 139 - 153
      Abstract: Shawan Barik, Buduru Sreenivasa Prasad
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):139-153
      BACKGROUND: The widespread use of various drugs in a single procedure and the increasing recognition of Shuddhi achieved as per the classics to provide the best result have stimulated interest in the manner in which physicians prescribe drugs. The main sources of this information can be found at the institutional-level like hospitals. These sources reveal a varied prescribing patterns in terms of drugs used for Snehapana, drugs used for Sarvanga abhyanga, and also in terms of drug selection for Virechana karma. It also reveals the pattern in the selection of dose and the duration of the treatment vary greatly among physicians according to their place, practice, disease, and the condition of the patient. METHODS: Therefore, a prospective study was conducted from May 2016 to December 2017 at KAHER's Shri BMK Ayurveda Hospital and Research Centre, Belagavi, Karnataka, India. A total of 1138 individuals were screened among which 319 individuals were taken as per the inclusion criteria, in which 300 participants completed the study. RESULTS: The outcome was measured on the basis of SamyakShuddhi Lakshana (SSL) of Snehana and Virechana karma. The study revealed that 51.33% of the individuals achieved avaraShuddhi, 42.33% achieved MadhyamaShuddhi, and 6.34% achieved PravaraShuddhi. In mridu koshtha, a total of 160–200 ml of ghrita intake can attain 10–11 vegas, in Madhyama koshtha total of 295–1130 ml of ghrita intake can attain 13–18 vegas, and in krurukoshtha total of 90–520 ml of ghrita intake can attain up to 21 vegas over a period of 3 or 5 days. 92.67% times Trivritleha was observed as prescribed drug which also has 30 min onset of Virechanavega with proper snehaSamyakShuddhi. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The study is the precursor to improve prescribing patterns and quality of care and thus provides a population based approach to advance clinical pharmacology and improved health outcomes resulting from improved prescribing choices.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):139-153
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_69_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • A community-based cross-sectional study about knowledge, attitude, and
           practices of food safety measures among urban households

    • Authors: Shilpa Reddy Ganta, Deepti M Kadeangadi
      Pages: 154 - 159
      Abstract: Shilpa Reddy Ganta, Deepti M Kadeangadi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):154-159
      OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices of food safety measures among urban households of Belagavi using the World Health Organization (WHO) “Five keys for food safety.” MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2017 among 400 women aged above 18 years who were involved in food preparation at urban households in the field practice area of Ashok Nagar, Belagavi, Karnataka, India. Data were collected using pretested and predesigned questionnaire based on the WHO five keys for food safety. Households were selected based on systematic random sampling. Statistical analysis was done by percentages, mean and standard deviation, and ANOVA using IBM Corp. Released 2013. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Cor. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 37.96 ± 14.9 years, and the mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding food safety were 7.1 ± 1.47 out of total score of 11, 15.45 ± 1.65 out of total score of 18, and 30.18 ± 4.21 out of total score of 40, respectively. The mean knowledge score was found to be lower in the age group of >35 years (P < 0.05, F = 5.7415) and socioeconomic status Classes III, IV, and V (P < 0.05, F = 1.828), and these differences were found to be statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Knowledge and attitude scores regarding food safety were good, but food safety practice scores were lower. Among the WHO five keys for food safety, knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding “cook thoroughly” and “keep food at safe temperature” were observed to be lower.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):154-159
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_277_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Comparative effect of foam roller and M2T blade on hamstring flexibility
           in elderly population: A randomized control trial

    • Authors: Tanvi Pathania, Anil R Muragod
      Pages: 160 - 165
      Abstract: Tanvi Pathania, Anil R Muragod
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):160-165
      The joints become stiffer and less flexible as we tend to age. Hamstring muscle is one of the common muscles found to be tight in an individual and is the potential cause for low back issues altering the lumbopelvic rhythm in them. Various studies have compared numerous techniques to see which technique is best for increasing joint range of motion. However, there is dearth of literature on use of foam roller and M2T blade on hamstring tightness in elderly. In this study, we have compared the effect of static stretching, foam roller, and M2T blade on hamstring tightness in elderly subjects. This is a randomized control trial included 45 subjects with hamstring flexibility with age of 65–75 years both males and females. The participants were randomly allocated into three groups. Group A received static stretching, Group B received foam roller, and Group C received M2T blade for 4 weeks three times a week. Pre- and post-intervention values of passive knee extension (PKE) and sit and reach test (SRT) were observed. The results showed within-group improvements in static stretching, foam roller, and M2T blade which was statistically significant (P < 0.001). However, between-group comparison showed significant difference between foam roller and M2T blade, with P = 0.000 and 0.044 for PKE and P = 0.000 and 0.004, respectively, for SRT. Comparison between groups revealed M2T group to be more effective than foam roller.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):160-165
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_118_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The prevalence of hypocalcemia in children with dengue infection: A 1-year
           cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Anshika Rajendra Singh, DK Dnyanesh
      Pages: 166 - 173
      Abstract: Anshika Rajendra Singh, DK Dnyanesh
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):166-173
      INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, Dengue is fast emerging pandemic-prone viral disease affecting mainly urban poor areas in tropical and subtropical countries. One of the important electrolyte disturbance documented in critical phase of severe dengue is hypocalcaemia. Hypocalcaemia is seen in cases with severe dengue and has been claimed to be linked with the immune response and severity of infection. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of hypocalcaemia in children suffering from dengue infection. To study the association between the degree of hypocalcaemia and the severity of the illness. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was a one year cross sectional study, conducted in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS AND MATERIAL: 100 subjects aged 1 month to 18 years suffering from dengue fever were included in the study. iCa and other biochemical parameters were done for all the subjects within 24 hour of admission. The collected data was coded and analyzed using ANOVA and chi-square tests. RESULTS: The mean age was 9.65 yr. The subjects were classified as per 2009 WHO criteria. The prevalence of iCa was found to be 59.0%. 11.7% subjects with dengue without warning signs, 83.7% subjects of dengue with warning signs and 100% of the subjects of severe dengue had hypocalcaemia. CONCLUSIONS: This study proves the association of the hypocalcaemia with the severity of dengue infection in the paediatric population and potentiates the use of ionic calcium as a biochemical marker to detect severe dengue infection early.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):166-173
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_308_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Estimation of prevalence of metabolic syndrome among 1st year medical
           students of a medical college in North Karnataka, India

    • Authors: Anita Teli, Vanishree Jabannavar, Isabella Adorno, G Sai Gayatri, Fillipos Lampis, Parwati Patil
      Pages: 174 - 178
      Abstract: Anita Teli, Vanishree Jabannavar, Isabella Adorno, G Sai Gayatri, Fillipos Lampis, Parwati Patil
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):174-178
      BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a growing concern as it predisposes to cardiovascular comorbidities and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Medical students lead fairly sedentary lifestyle. Early detection of metabolic syndrome and follow-up would help in preventing complications. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in healthy medical students of JN Medical College and to compare the prevalence among male and female students. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted from January 2018 to July 2018 involving 120 students, of which 67 (55.83%) were female and 53 male (44.17%). The study was conducted using the criteria for metabolic syndrome defined by international diabetes federation. Data for height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein were collected. Data were analyzed using SSPS version 20.0. Comparison of physiological parameters was done using independent t-test, and prevalence was estimated using Chi-square test. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.RESULTS: Metabolic syndrome was observed in 10.83% of sample population comprising 11.94% female and 9.43% male population. The prevalence among females was found to be more than males but not statistically significant (P = 0.66). The prevalence of individual parameters for metabolic syndrome were abdominal obesity (59.17%), raised TG (2.50%), reduced HDL (38.33%), raised blood pressure (BP) (systolic BP [SBP] – 20.83% and diastolic BP – 28.33%), and raised blood glucose (5.83%). In terms of gender analysis, 46.27% females and 28.30% of male had lower HDL values (P = 0.04). SBP was higher in 37.74% male when compared to 7.46% female (P = 0.0001).CONCLUSION: The study concludes that the overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be 10.83%. The prevalence among female (11.94%) was more than male (9.43%) population but not found to be statistically significant. Early detection of metabolic syndrome would help bring about attitude and lifestyle changes to prevent the progression of disease and its complication.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):174-178
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_13_19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Role of curriculum committee in the planning, implementation, and
           evaluation of integrated teaching in medical education in India

    • Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
      Pages: 179 - 180
      Abstract: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):179-180

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):179-180
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_307_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Improvising the audacity of case report: Suggestions for developing
           guidelines while reporting anatomical variations

    • Authors: V Dinesh Kumar, R Rajprasath
      Pages: 181 - 182
      Abstract: V Dinesh Kumar, R Rajprasath
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):181-182

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):181-182
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_319_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • A rare variety of pulmonary blastoma: A case report and review of
           literature

    • Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Pages: 182 - 183
      Abstract: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):182-183

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):182-183
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_309_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Time for a serious research implementation of the hypotheses in ancient
           Ayurveda literatures: A call from a roller coaster ride

    • Authors: Govardhan Belaguli
      Pages: 183 - 185
      Abstract: Govardhan Belaguli
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):183-185

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2019 12(2):183-185
      PubDate: Tue,4 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_177_18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
 
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