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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
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   ISSN (Print) 1110-161X - ISSN (Online) 2090-3235
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Effect of statins as modulators of CD39+ tregs in patients with rheumatoid
           arthritis who were unsuccessfully treated with methotrexate

    • Authors: Mohammed H Abu-Zaid, Salwa El-Morsy Abdel Ghany, Rasha A Gaber
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Mohammed H Abu-Zaid, Salwa El-Morsy Abdel Ghany, Rasha A Gaber
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):1-8
      Objective The aim of this study was to determine the effects of combined atorvastatin (AV) with etanercept (ETA) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who were nonresponders to methotrexate (MTX) therapy, and its effect on disease activity and CD39+ regulatory T-cell (Tregs).Patients and methods This study included 50 patients with active RA. Patients with RA were divided into two groups. Group I (n=25) received MTX therapy plus ETA (50 mg/week) (ETA+MTX) and group II (n=25) received MTX and ETA plus AV therapy (20 mg/day) (ETA+MTX+AV). In addition, 25 healthy volunteers were used as controls. DAS-28, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, lipid profile, interleukin-6, CD39+ Tregs, ultrasonography 7 score (US7), carotid intima–media thickness, and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery were measured before and after 6 months of treatment.Results After 6 months of treatment, statin therapy combined with MTX and ETA significantly decreased disease activity variables, interleukin-6 and US7 synovitis, and tenosynovitis sum score. In addition, FMD% and CD39+ Tregs were significantly elevated. The increase in CD39+ Tregs was correlated with DAS-28 (P<0.001), FMD% (P<0.05), and US7 synovitis and tenosynovitis sum score (P<0.001).Conclusion Combination therapy with AV and ETA provides an added immunomodulatory benefit through enhancement of the immune suppression mediated by CD39+ Treg cells. Therefore, statins can be used safely with antitumor necrosis factor drugs to control disease activity and atherosclerotic changes in patients with RA, who are treated unsuccessfully with MTX.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):1-8
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_20_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Value of electrophysiological testing in unilateral facial palsy

    • Authors: Nagwa M M Nassar, Iman M Ghanima, Eman A Tawfik, Noha M M Shaker Al Alfi
      Pages: 9 - 12
      Abstract: Nagwa M M Nassar, Iman M Ghanima, Eman A Tawfik, Noha M M Shaker Al Alfi
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):9-12
      Objective The aim of this study was to assess the value of facial nerve temporal recording in the diagnosis and prognosis of facial nerve palsy.Patients and methods The study was conducted on 42 patients with acute unilateral Bell’s palsy (patients’ group) and 43 healthy volunteers who served as a control group. All patients and controls were subjected to clinical examination in the form of history taking and full general and neurological examinations, clinical scoring system using House–Brackmann facial nerve grading system (performed for the patients’ group only), electrophysiological assessment, which included electroneuronography (ENoG) and facial nerve temporal recording.Results The amplitude of the facial nerve temporal recording was significantly lower in the patients’ group compared with that in the control group, and there was statistically significant increase of the amplitude of facial nerve temporal recording, regaining its normal triphasic waves; as regards correlation study between the percent of degeneration of ENoG and the amplitude of the diseased facial temporal recording, there was positive correlation between them, and it was not reaching the level of statistical significance.Conclusion Facial nerve temporal recording detects the degenerative changes that occur in the intratemporal segment of the facial nerve; hence, it should be considered as a complementary tool for the ENoG test for early diagnosis and follow-up of Bell’s palsy.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):9-12
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_9_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Electrophysiological Phalen&#8217;s provocation test in carpal
           tunnel syndrome

    • Authors: Dina A Farrag, Abeer K El-Zohiery
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Dina A Farrag, Abeer K El-Zohiery
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):13-17
      Objective Routine nerve conduction studies (NCS) are considered the golden standard for the objective diagnosis of clinically detectable carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS); however, fallacies can still befall. Clinically, phalen’s provocation test has proven reliability for screening CTS, yet, its use during NCS is still to be assessed. Thus, we aim to evaluate the role of our newly proposed electrophysiological Phalen’s provocation test (EPPT) in the diagnostic work-up of CTS.Patients and Methods One-hundred clinically suspected CTS hands and forty healthy hands were included in this study. Routine median motor and sensory NCSs were performed twice; once before and secondly, after provocation with wrist in 90 degrees flexion for 60 seconds (EPPT).Results All patients showed significantly delayed median distal motor and sensory latencies than controls (P<0.001). After EPPT, the percentage of change in median nerve distal sensory latency (MDSL) only was significantly higher in patients compared to controls (P<0.05). Moreover, the increased MDSL after provocation was more significant among clinically phalen’s positive hands (P=0.001). In addition, a cut off value of 3.2 msec could detect median sensory neuropathy at the thumb after provocation and it showed better performance than distal sensory recording before provocation.Conclusion EPPT might be promising for early detection of sensory neuropathic changes in CTS.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):13-17
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Study of plasma levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid
           cells-1 in rheumatoid arthritis and its correlation with disease activity
           and tumor necrosis factor-α

    • Authors: Abd El-Samed I El-Hewala, Samar G Soliman, Eman Badr, Heba A Esaily, Eman A Abd Allah
      Pages: 18 - 24
      Abstract: Abd El-Samed I El-Hewala, Samar G Soliman, Eman Badr, Heba A Esaily, Eman A Abd Allah
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):18-24
      Aim of the work The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) is a cell surface receptor expressed mainly on monocytes and neutrophils. It acts as an amplifier of inflammatory response in acute and chronic inflammatory states. The aim of this work was to study the plasma-soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and its correlation with disease activity and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α).Patients and methods This study included 80 patients with RA and 20 age-matched and sex-matched controls. All were subjected to demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological studies using the 28-joint Disease Activity Score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, complete blood count, and radiograph of both hands. Plasma levels of sTREM-1 and TNF-α were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results RA patients had significantly higher sTREM-1 and TNF-a levels compared with controls (206.32±125.75 and 17.83±11.88; P<0.001) and (190.82±69.46 and 54.75±9.46; P<0.001). In RA patients, sTREM-1 levels were found to be positively correlated with 28-joint Disease Activity Score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and TNF-a level (r=0.408, P=0.001; r=0.287, P=0.010; r=0.749, P=0.001). sTREM-1 level was significantly increasing as patients had increasing disease activity (F-test=20.62; P=0.001).Conclusion RA patients had higher sTREM-1 and TNF-a level compared with controls, and sTREM-1 level was correlated with disease activity, suggesting that sTREM-1 plays a role in the inflammatory process associated with TNF-a, and it may be a useful disease activity marker in RA. TREM-1 may be a safe therapeutic strategy for RA, as blocking TREM-1 signaling was found to suppress inflammatory responses without affecting the immune system to fight bacterial infection.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):18-24
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-161X.222634
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Correlation of serum interleukin-10 level with disease activity and
           severity in systemic lupus erythematosus

    • Authors: Mervat I Abd Elazeem, Rabab A Mohammed, Nilly H Abdallah
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Mervat I Abd Elazeem, Rabab A Mohammed, Nilly H Abdallah
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):25-33
      Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, lupus) is a syndrome of multifactorial etiology, characterized by widespread inflammation, most commonly affecting women during the childbearing years. Virtually, every organ and/or system of the body may be involved. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) production is increased in SLE.Objective The aim of the study was to assess serum levels of IL-10 in SLE patients and their relationship with disease activity and severity parameters.Patients and methods Totally, 50 patients with SLE and 20 healthy controls were investigated in this study diagnosed according to Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) classification criteria for SLE. Clinical assessment of the disease activity was performed using the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) score. Assessment of SLE disease severity was carried out using the SLICC/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index and laboratory parameters, including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), 24 h urinary proteins, anti-dsDNA antibodies, complement 3, and complement 4 levels. The serum IL-10 levels were determined using enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay technique.Results The serum IL-10 levels were significantly higher in SLE patients (mean: 23.07±33.19 pg/ml) compared with the controls (0.52±0.86 pg/ml, P=0.000*). The increase in serum levels IL-10 significantly correlated with the SLEDAI scores (P=0.016*) and CRP (P=0.042*) in the studied patients. There were no significant correlations between IL-10 and SLICC, age, disease duration, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 24 h urinary protein, anti-DNA, and complement 3–complement 4 (P=0.735; r=0.05, P=0.890, P=0.521, P=0.529; r=0.09, P=0.430; r=0.11, P=0.263; r=0.16, P=0.195; r=0.19, respectively).There was no significant difference between mean IL-10 levels in different classes of lupus nephritis (P=0.702).Conclusion The circulating IL-10 concentrations were significantly elevated in SLE patients and correlated with the SLEDAI score and CRP.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):25-33
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pattern of forefoot bursae in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and its
           effect on foot functions

    • Authors: Diaa F Mehasseb, Hamdy K Korayem, Manal Y Tayel, Ahmed H Afifi, Sarah S El-Tawab, Amira M Ibrahim
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Diaa F Mehasseb, Hamdy K Korayem, Manal Y Tayel, Ahmed H Afifi, Sarah S El-Tawab, Amira M Ibrahim
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):34-38
      Aim of this work The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern and prevalence of forefoot bursae (FFB) and their effect on foot functions in Egyptian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Patients and methods The study included 100 patients with RA diagnosed according to the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria. The patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of Physical Medicine, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department in Alexandria Faculty of Medicine. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) of the forefeet under the standardized EULAR guidance was done for all patients, and accordingly, the studied patients were further classified as those with US-detectable FFB (group I) and those without US-detectable FFB (group II). For group I patients, foot impact scale (FIS), foot anatomical changes assessment, and gait analysis were done.Results US-detectable FFB was found in 92% of the 100 patients with RA. The most frequent intermetatarsal bursa was the fourth one, and the most frequent submetatarsal bursa was the first one. There was a statistically significant relation between the total number of FFB on one side and its two subscales, meta-tarsophalangeal synovial hypertrophy, serum C-reactive protein level, visual analogue scale of foot pain, and step length on the other side. No statistically significant correlation was found between the total number of FFB and BMI, clinical disease activity index, or the foot deformities. Moreover, no statistical significant correlation was found between FIS and clinical disease activity index.Conclusion US-detectable FFB are highly prevalent in patients with RA and considered a significant contributory factor to foot disability among these patients. Foot disability may occur regardless of the RA activity state.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):34-38
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_24_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Primary Sj&#246;gren&#8217;s syndrome with polymyositis, a
           rare amalgamation

    • Authors: Harpreet Singh, Deepak Jain, B Kiran, Neeraj Kumar
      Pages: 39 - 41
      Abstract: Harpreet Singh, Deepak Jain, B Kiran, Neeraj Kumar
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):39-41
      Sjögren’s syndrome is characterized by diminished lacrimal and salivary gland secretory function. This disorder is not strictly confined to the exocrine glands and its manifestations may extend to extraglandular sites, such as the lungs, kidneys, reticuloendothelial system, and the musculoskeletal system. Although muscular manifestations are very common with Sjögren’s syndrome, true myopathy is very rare. Here, we report a case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with complaints of bilateral progressive weakness of upper and lower limbs associated with difficulty in neck holding with a history of dryness of the mouth and the eyes. The diagnosis of polymyositis associated with Sjögren’s syndrome was established on the basis of clinical picture and diagnostic tests. True polymyositis is very rare in primary Sjögren syndrome and there are scarcely any cases of primary Sjögren’s syndrome with polymyositis reported in the literature.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2018 45(1):39-41
      PubDate: Tue,9 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_25_17
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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