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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
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   ISSN (Print) 1110-161X - ISSN (Online) 2090-3235
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid for treatment of
           

    • Authors: Soad A Elsawy, Mona Hamdy, Manal S Ahmed
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: Soad A Elsawy, Mona Hamdy, Manal S Ahmed
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):143-146
      Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by pain and progressive functional limitation. Although both corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid (HA) injections are widely used to palliate the symptoms of knee OA, few researches involving a comparison of two interventions have been conducted.The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of HA to corticosteroid injections for the treatment of knee OA.Patients and methods We enrolled 60 patients with knee OA who were randomized to receive intra-articular injection of either HA or the corticosteroid. The therapy was followed for 6 months. The patients treated with HA received one course of injections per week for 3 weeks and the other group received single injection of corticosteroid. The two groups were compared as regards pain and functional improvement using the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index and visual analog scale.Results The study included 60 patients, with age ranging from 36 to 65 years with a mean of 51.8 years. All of them were diagnosed with knee OA using ACR clinical classification criteria. Patients were recruited between May and December 2015.After 6 months of the treatment, both groups showed functional improvement. HA group showed significant improvement compared with the corticosteroid group as regards the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index and visual analog scale (P=0.01).Conclusion Both HA and corticosteroid groups showed improvement in pain and knee function, but the intra-articular HA was superior to corticosteroid on long-term follow-up. This supports the potential rate of intra-articular HA as an effective long-term therapeutic option for patients with OA of the knee.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):143-146
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_55_16
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Medial calcaneal neuropathy: a missed etiology of chronic plantar heel
           pain

    • Authors: Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba, Sarah Sayed El-Tawab, Hussein Al-Moghazy Sultan
      Pages: 147 - 152
      Abstract: Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba, Sarah Sayed El-Tawab, Hussein Al-Moghazy Sultan
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):147-152
      Introduction Medial calcaneal neuropathy had been implicated as a source of chronic plantar heel pain.Aim The aim was to determine the presence of medial calcaneal neuropathy as a cause of chronic plantar heel pain.Patients and methods The present study included 43 heels obtained from 38 patients with chronic plantar heel pain and 30 apparently healthy volunteers as a control group. Clinical examination was done. Sensory nerve conduction study of the medial calcaneal nerve was performed. This was a single-center, public hospital-based study. It was designed as a cross-sectional examination of consecutive patients with chronic plantar heel pain.Results There were 27 (62.79%) heels, from 23 (60.52%) patients, who had medial calcaneal neuropathy. From them, unobtainable medial calcaneal nerve response was present in 10 (37.03%) heels of nine (39.13%) patients. Medial calcaneal neuropathy was the solitary cause of chronic plantar heel pain in 10 (37.03%) heels from 10 (43.48%) patients. However, it was associated with other local heel pathologies in the remaining patients. The majority of them were having plantar fasciitis in nine (33.34%) heels from five (21.73%) patients.Conclusion Medial calcaneal neuropathy is present in a considerable number of patients with chronic plantar heel pain. It should be taken into consideration during the assessment of any patient with chronic plantar heel pain.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):147-152
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_16_17
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Electrophysiological study of Martin–Gruber anastomosis in a
           sample of Egyptians

    • Authors: Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
      Pages: 153 - 158
      Abstract: Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):153-158
      Introduction Martin–Gruber anastomosis (MGA) is one of the most common anomalous innervations present in the body. Missing these anomalous innervations may easily be mistaken for technical pitfalls or even for actual pathology.Aim The aim of the current study was to determine the presence and the frequency of MGA by electrophysiological examination in a sample of Egyptian subjects.Subjects and methods It is a cross-sectional study of consecutive apparently healthy volunteers. The study included 200 forearms from 100 apparently healthy Egyptian volunteers in a single-center public-hospital-based electromyography laboratory. Electrophysiological studies in the form of motor conduction study for the median and ulnar nerves were performed by recording the hypothenar, first dorsal inerosseous, and thenar muscles. Qualitative data were analyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test.Results The present study included 69 (69%) women. MGA was found in 39 (19.5%) forearms of 26 (26%) subjects electrophysiologically. There was no statistical significant difference between the occurrence of MGA in men versus women (P=0.127). The most common form was MGA to the first dorsal interosseous muscle. It was present in 30 (15%) forearms of 24 (24%) subjects. MGA to thenar muscles was present in 13 (6.5%) forearms of 12 (12%) subjects. MGA to the abductor digiti minimi muscle was present in five (2.5%) forearms of five (5%) subjects.Conclusion Martin–Gruber anastomosis is present in Egyptians. The frequency of occurrence of MGA in a sample of Egyptian subjects was found to be 26% in electrophysiological examination.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):153-158
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_12_17
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Study of interleukin 33 in rheumatoid arthritis versus osteoarthritis
           patients

    • Authors: Aliaa M. Abd El-Aziz Farag, Nagat M El-Gazzar, Marwa A.Abo El Hawa, Mohamed A.Saad Attia
      Pages: 159 - 163
      Abstract: Aliaa M. Abd El-Aziz Farag, Nagat M El-Gazzar, Marwa A.Abo El Hawa, Mohamed A.Saad Attia
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):159-163
      Aim of the work To compare the expression of serum interleukin 33 (IL33), a new member of the interleukin1 (IL-1) cytokine family, in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) versus osteoarthritis (OA) patients and to correlate it with clinical, laboratory and radiographic parameters.Subjects and methods 20 RA and 20 primary knee OA patients. The levels of serum IL-33 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) while anticyclic citrullinated peptide (Anti-CCP), rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured by standard laboratory techniques. Plain x-ray of both hands and wrists were evaluated using the modified Larsen score 1995 (MLS) in RA patients. Knee OA grading was performed according to the KellgrenLawrence classification. The correlation of IL-33 level with clinical, laboratory and radiological data of RA and OA was analyzed.Results Serum IL-33 level was significantly higher in RA than in OA patients (P < 0.001). This level was positively correlated with disease duration, clinical and laboratory markers of disease activity, impaired functional status and radiographic severity in RA while not in OA patients.Conclusions These findings support that IL-33 could have an essential proinflammatory role in the pathogenesis of RA and that IL-33 level may be a monitor of disease activity and severity. IL-33 may become therapeutic target for RA.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):159-163
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Risk factors for acute coronary events in patients with rheumatoid
           arthritis

    • Authors: Abdulsalam Noorwali, Narges Omran, Samah H Elmedany, Amal M El-Barbary
      Pages: 164 - 171
      Abstract: Abdulsalam Noorwali, Narges Omran, Samah H Elmedany, Amal M El-Barbary
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):164-171
      Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the role of disease activity, line of treatment, and carotid atherosclerosis in the risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.Patients and methods In this prospective study, we ascertained ACS on 124 patients with RA. Disease activity score 28 was used for the assessment of RA activity. Insulin resistance was evaluated using homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance. Carotid atherosclerosis was measured using high-resolution ultrasound. We used Cox’s proportional hazards models to estimate the association between ACS and atherosclerosis, cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, and RA line of treatment.Results Among the 124 RA patients without a history of previous ACS, 16 incident ACS events occurred over 30 months. Old age, long RA disease duration, high BMI, and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk were associated with an increased risk for ACS. High mean disease activity score 28, rheumatoid factor, and anticitrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) levels were significantly associated with ACS risk. Treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) did not alter the ACS risk. Logistic regression analysis showed that carotid plaques were a good predictor for ACS in RA patients.Conclusion The main finding of this study was a general tendency toward an association of disease activity, rheumatoid factor, and ACPA with the risk for ACS. In addition, subclinical atherosclerosis detected by means of carotid intima-media thickness and the presence of carotid plaques were good predictors for RA patients with ACS. Treatment with any DMARD or biologic DMARDs was not linked to an altered risk for ACS.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):164-171
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_14_17
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Objective assessment of cortical activity changes in stroke patients
           before and after hand rehabilitation with and without botulinum toxin
           injection

    • Authors: Omnia A Abu-Bakr, Nagwaa M.M Nassar, Amal M Al-Ganzoury, Khaled Abo-Elfotouh Ahmed, Eman A Tawfik
      Pages: 172 - 180
      Abstract: Omnia A Abu-Bakr, Nagwaa M.M Nassar, Amal M Al-Ganzoury, Khaled Abo-Elfotouh Ahmed, Eman A Tawfik
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):172-180
      Background Upper limb spasticity is a disabling condition and may result in severe functional limitation. The peripheral action of botulinum toxin (BTX) injection on spasticity is well known, but there are debates around its possible central action.Aim The aim of this study was to assess the clinical, functional, and cortical activation outcome of two antispastic treatments for stroke of the hand and wrist. Thirty patients with upper limb poststroke spasticity were recruited in this study.Patients and methods They were randomly allocated to two groups: group A and group B. Both groups received rehabilitation program, whereas group B received additional BTX injection. All patients were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks after treatment using the Modified Ashworth Scale, the Action Research Arm Test and Nine-Hole Peg Test, and somatosensory-evoked potential study of the median nerve.Results Group B showed a higher percentage of change in Modified Ashworth Scale of the wrist flexors and long flexors of fingers and in Action Research Arm Test compared with group A.Conclusion BTX injection in spastic muscles of the wrist and hand, followed by a rehabilitation program led to greater clinical and functional improvement compared with implementing the rehabilitation program alone.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):172-180
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/err.err_38_16
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Recurrent diabetic muscle infarction, a rare complication of diabetes: a
           case report

    • Authors: Tariq Bhat, Muzafar Naik, Mohd Farooq Mir, Jangbhadur Singh, Aijaz Shah
      Pages: 181 - 184
      Abstract: Tariq Bhat, Muzafar Naik, Mohd Farooq Mir, Jangbhadur Singh, Aijaz Shah
      Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):181-184
      Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare complication of diabetes mellitus that presents as a localized, exquisitely painful swelling and limited range of motion of the involved extremity. The onset is usually acute, persists for several weeks and resolves spontaneously over several weeks to months without the need for intervention. However, as diabetes mellitus is an immunocompromised state and any painful swelling in the limbs is often taken as infectious in aetiology, the patient is inadvertently investigated with invasive procedures and is started on unnecessary antibiotics, adding to the burden of management. Keeping in view the low threshold for starting antibiotics in painful limb swelling in diabetes mellitus in our setting, we hereby describe a case of recurrent painful diabetic muscle infarction, first involving the right upper and later the right lower limb, managed with physical rest and analgesics. This case emphasizes that the treating physician keep this rare complication of diabetes mellitus in consideration in the respective clinical scenario and adopt a less aggressive (a noninvasive method like ultrasound) rather than a more aggressive (an invasive method like muscle biopsy) approach in diagnosis and take a similar approach towards management.
      Citation: Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation 2017 44(4):181-184
      PubDate: Tue,31 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1110-161X.217439
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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