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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2384-5589
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Clinical evaluation of acellular dermal matrix allograft (Alloderm®)
           with coronally advanced flap in the treatment of multiple gingival
           recessions: A clinical study

    • Authors: Gayathri Somasheker, Alampalli Viswanathamurthy Ramesh, K Roopa, Chinni Doraiswamy Dwarakanath
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: Gayathri Somasheker, Alampalli Viswanathamurthy Ramesh, K Roopa, Chinni Doraiswamy Dwarakanath
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):81-88
      Aims: The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Alloderm® with the coronally positioned flap in the treatment of multiple gingival recessions and to assess the esthetic and hypersensitivity evaluation from patient's perspective using visual analog scale (VAS). Subjects and Methods: A total of 10 systemically healthy male and female patients aged 18–50 years with Miller's class I and class II gingival recessions, who had dentin hypersensitivity and esthetic concern were selected for the study. Root coverage (RC) was done using coronally advanced flap with Alloderm®. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistical analysis was performed in the present study. Significance was assessed at 5% level of significance. Student's t-test was conducted to find the pairwise significance of the study parameters. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to find the significance of percentage of linear RC and percentage of volumetric RC (% of VRC) between 3 and 6 months. Results: A total 31 defects were treated with mean volumetric percentage RC (%RC) at 3 months of 35.21%. This remained the same at 6 months (P = 1.000). There was no statistically significant difference in the volumetric and Linear percentage of root coverage. Dentine hypersensitivity and esthetics were evaluated from patient's perspective using VAS ranging from a score of 0–10. Where 0 indicates very low and score of 10 indicates very high score. VAS indicated a decrease in the sensitivity after treatment. VAS mean score before treatment was 6.22 ± 0.83 with a mean score of 3.90, standard deviation (SD) of ± 1.37 after treatment and mean score of 5.10, SD of ± 0.57 for esthetic evaluation. Conclusions: The use of Alloderm® with coronally positioned flap provided a significant improvement in all the clinical parameters, but did not result in favorable outcome in terms of root coverage of facial gingival recessions of multiple adjacent teeth.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):81-88
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_37_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Framingham risk assessment of metabolic syndrome patients at a tertiary
           hospital in Nigeria

    • Authors: Ifeyinwa Dorothy Osegbe, Adeyemi Dada, Oyetunji Soriyan
      Pages: 89 - 93
      Abstract: Ifeyinwa Dorothy Osegbe, Adeyemi Dada, Oyetunji Soriyan
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):89-93
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Combination of risk factors for CVD can be seen in the metabolic syndrome (MS), which can be computed to get an assessment of an individual's risk for future cardiovascular events. Aims: We aimed to determine the Framingham risk assessment of MS patients at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of newly diagnosed patients with MS using the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Anthropometry and clinical data were obtained, and fasting blood glucose and lipid concentrations were also determined. Framingham risk assessment was calculated and categorized as <10%: low risk, 10–20%: intermediate risk, and >20%: high risk for future CVD. Results: There were 120 patients (females 82, males 38) with mean ages of 52 ± 13.5 years and 54 ± 14.2 years, respectively (P = 0.46). Framingham risk assessment showed 56 (47%) patients comprising of 42 females and 14 males had low risk; 31 (26%) patients comprising of 24 females and 7 males had intermediate risk while 32 (27%) patients comprising of 16 females and 16 males had high risk for CVD. The risk assessment significantly correlated with age, systolic blood pressure, and total and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Majority of the males had high 10-year risk for CVD while most of the females had low risk. Men may need to intensify strategies to reduce modifiable risk factors for CVD.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):89-93
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_35_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Predictive significance of low maternal serum cholesterol concentrations
           in early pregnancy on low birth weight in term neonates

    • Authors: Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
      Pages: 94 - 98
      Abstract: Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Ayodeji Ayotunde Oluwole
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):94-98
      Background: Low- birthweight (LBW) is the single most powerful predictor of mortality in the first few months of life, especially in most developing countries. The physiologic hypercholesterolemia of later pregnancy suggests an adaptive function for pregnancy maintenance or fetal growth. Decreased levels of maternal total cholesterol have been reported in association with intrauterine growth restriction. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the association between low maternal serum cholesterol during early pregnancy and LBW in term neonates. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective cohort study in which eligible participants were enrolled at the gestational age of 14–20 weeks over a period of 12 months. Blood samples were taken to measure the total serum cholesterol concentrations, and the sera were then analyzed enzymatically by the cholesterol oxidase: p-aminophenazone method. Association between low maternal serum cholesterol and LBW was tested by using Chi-square. All significances are reported at P < 0.05. Results: The present study showed an incidence of 13.4% for delivery of LBW babies in the low-risk study patients. LBW was 2.05 times more common with low total maternal cholesterol than with normal midrange maternal cholesterol levels (21.1% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.039). Conclusion: We can infer from the study that the low maternal serum cholesterol is associated with LBW in term neonates. We can, therefore, recommend that the concept of an optimal range for maternal serum cholesterol during pregnancy may have merit and pregnant women should be encouraged to follow a healthy, balanced diet, and ensure regular antenatal visit to their health-care provider.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):94-98
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_50_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Adverse drug event following self-medication among ambulatory care
           patients in a tertiary Hospital in Ebonyi State

    • Authors: Chihurumnanya Alo, Nneamaka Chikerenma Alo, Nnaemeka C Oguejiofor, Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike
      Pages: 99 - 103
      Abstract: Chihurumnanya Alo, Nneamaka Chikerenma Alo, Nnaemeka C Oguejiofor, Ifeyinwa Chizoba Akamike
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):99-103
      Background: An adverse drug event (ADE) is defined as any injury, including physical harm, mental harm, or loss of function due to medication. Little is known about ADEs in ambulatory care settings. Self-medication by definition is the practice of taking medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized symptoms or illness. Aim: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence of ADEs that occurred as a result of self-medication among ambulatory care patients in our center. Methodology: A cross-sectional study where a paper-based, pretested, semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to gather information from 398 adult patients attending the general outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital. Data analysis was performed using Epi Info 7 and all statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The study had 398 respondents of which 161 (40.45%) and 237 (59.55%) were males and females, respectively. Mean age and the standard deviation was 37.17 ± 14.91. The frequency of self-medication was 375 (89.7%) and the frequency of those who have had at least one episode of ADE following self-medication was 88 (22.11%). Females, (207) significantly practiced self-medication than males (150), Z = 4.19, confidence interval (8.45, 23.49), P = 0.00002. ADE following self-medication occurred more in females (50) than in males, (38) and was not associated with self-medication. The majority of the symptoms reported were itching (47.73%), blurring of vision (14.77%), and abdominal pain. Conclusion: ADEs happen following self-medication among ambulatory patients, especially in women and among the married.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):99-103
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_45_16
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Microbial isolates from endoscopic middle meatal swab in patients with
           chronic rhinosinusitis in Kaduna, Nigeria

    • Authors: Emmanuel Musa, Aliyu Mohammed Kodiya, Abdullahi Musa Kirfi, Onyekwere George B. Nwaorgu
      Pages: 104 - 108
      Abstract: Emmanuel Musa, Aliyu Mohammed Kodiya, Abdullahi Musa Kirfi, Onyekwere George B. Nwaorgu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):104-108
      Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease in otorhinolaryngologic practice. Traditionally, the standard criterion for isolation of pathogens in CRS is the nonendoscopic maxillary sinus puncture through invasive procedures with well-documented hazards. Objectives: To evaluate the pathogens associated with CRS in patients with CRS from endoscopically guided middle meatal swab. Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional study in which endoscopically guided middle meatal swab was aseptically taken from patients with diagnostic criteria of CRS and healthy volunteers. The samples were sent to the laboratory for qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis. Data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois, USA). Results: A total of 110 microbial isolates were recovered from 82 (63.08%) of the 130 patients with CRS while 46 recorded among 54 (51.92%) of the 104 healthy volunteers. There were 74 (56.92%) bacterial growth out of which 55 (74.32%) were aerobic and 19 (25.68%) anaerobic isolates among the test participants with fungal growth seen in 36 (27.7%) of them while about 18% yielded a mixed growth of aerobic, anaerobic, and/or fungal isolates. Among the control group, however, the 54 people with positive isolates had 21 fungal and 25 aerobic bacteria. Conclusion: Mixed growth of aerobes, anaerobes, and fungal isolates was observed in patients with CRS. Endoscopically guided middle meatal swab is a safe and practical means for collecting samples for microbial culture.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):104-108
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Oral hygiene status of elderly population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Omoigberai Bashiru Braimoh, Modupe Omotunde Soroye
      Pages: 109 - 114
      Abstract: Omoigberai Bashiru Braimoh, Modupe Omotunde Soroye
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):109-114
      Background: The value of good oral hygiene practices has increased over the years, and the removal of bacteria plaque and other deposits from the teeth is essential for the prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. Aims: The objectives of this study were to assess the oral hygiene status of the elderly population in Port Harcourt, Rivers State and investigate the influence of sociodemographic variables on oral hygiene. Subjects and Methods: The research was cross-sectional study. A total of 543 old people were selected by systematic random sampling. Data were collected with a self-developed oral health assessment questionnaire designed in two sections (A and B) and analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM SPSS Armonk, New York, USA). The relationship between variables was established using independent t-test and analysis of variance, and significance determined at 0.05 alpha level. Results: The overall mean oral hygiene score for the sample was 2.55 (standard deviation = 0.85). Most of the respondents had poor 245 (45.1%) and fair 254 (46.8%) oral hygiene. Females had significant better oral hygiene than males, while there was a significant increase in the oral hygiene score with increasing age. Educational status and retirement grade level were inversely and significantly associated with the oral hygiene score of the pensioners. Conclusion: The oral hygiene score recorded among the pensioners in this study was inadequate; therefore, the study participants need to be educated on the role of plaque in the development of dental caries and periodontal diseases, and the need to keep good oral hygiene.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):109-114
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_39_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia: Review of the
           literature and case report

    • Authors: Olujide Soyele, Olufunlola Adesina, Adeola Ladeji, Kanmi Kuye, Foluso Owotade
      Pages: 115 - 119
      Abstract: Olujide Soyele, Olufunlola Adesina, Adeola Ladeji, Kanmi Kuye, Foluso Owotade
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):115-119
      Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia (TUGSE) is an ulcerative condition of the oral mucosa with a chronic course and delayed healing. It is a reactive lesion that commonly affects the tongue. TUGSE is a relatively uncommon mucosal lesion that presents as an ulcer or an indurated submucosal mass and may cause diagnostic dilemma for the dental surgeon as it mimics a traumatic or neoplastic ulcer the pathogenesis of this lesion is obscure; however, chronic irritation from traumatic agents is considered to be a major initiating factor. The lesion is also known to undergo resolution following incisional biopsy. Histopathologically, it is characterized by eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate penetrating into the underlying muscle. It is important to recognize this mucosal lesion as it mimics malignant ulcers and other ulcerative conditions of the oral cavity; however, the condition tends to resolve on its own. The lesion is also known to undergo resolution following incisional biopsy. Immunohistochemical positivity to CD30 found in nonneoplastic cutaneous conditions rich in neutrophils and eosinophils suggest CD30 cells as components of a reactive process. This is a review and report of a 37-year-old Nigerian woman who with an ulceroproliferative growth in the left side of the mouth. The aim of this article is to describe the presentation of TUGSE so as to enhance prompt diagnosis and rule lesions such as traumatic ulcer or squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue that may present in a similar way.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):115-119
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_8_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A rare case of thymic hyperplasia in a 6-month-old HIV-exposed infant with
           signs of airway compression

    • Authors: Alemayehu Gezmu
      Pages: 120 - 122
      Abstract: Alemayehu Gezmu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):120-122
      This is report of a rare case of thymic hyperplasia in a 6-month-old female child with significant compression effect on the airways and shift of the mediastinum. Timely imaging study and tissue biopsy play an important role in identifying cause of anterior mediastinal mass in this age group.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):120-122
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_24_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A case report of significant congenital depressed skull fracture after
           cesarean section delivery

    • Authors: Alemayehu Mekonnen Gezmu, Loeto Mazhani
      Pages: 123 - 125
      Abstract: Alemayehu Mekonnen Gezmu, Loeto Mazhani
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):123-125
      We report a case of depressed skull fracture in an hour old newborn delivered by cesarean section for breech presentation. The depression was surgically corrected as a spontaneous resolution did not occur after some interval. Surgical correction of depressed skull fracture may be indicated depending on the depth of depression and thickness of the bone at involved part of the skull.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):123-125
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_28_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Impalement abdominal injury in a 6-year-old child

    • Authors: Chigbundu Collins Nwokoro, EA Emmanuel, OM Fatungase, BA Salami, IO Ogundele, LO Amosu
      Pages: 126 - 128
      Abstract: Chigbundu Collins Nwokoro, EA Emmanuel, OM Fatungase, BA Salami, IO Ogundele, LO Amosu
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):126-128
      Penetrating abdominal injuries in children usually result from accident or nonintentional means. They are not as common as in adults. Impalement abdominal injuries in children are very rare and have been scarcely reported in the literature. An impalement abdominal injury with a pencil in a child is an unusual event which requires reporting. This case report is on a 6-year-old boy who sustained an impalement abdominal injury with a pencil, he was rushed to the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu with the impaled object (pencil) in situ. He was admitted to the children emergency room of the hospital, stabilized and had exploratory laparotomy and removal of the impaled object under direct vision.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):126-128
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Salt abrasion: Is it possible?

    • Authors: Treville Pereira
      Pages: 129 - 130
      Abstract: Treville Pereira
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):129-130
      Abrasion is the physical wearing of a tooth surface which can involve the presence of a foreign object repeatedly being in contact with the tooth. A 58-year-old male patient patient visited the dental clinic with discolored teeth. A detailed history revealed that the patient used mishiri mixed with powdered rock salt to brush his teeth daily which had severely abraded his teeth. Conditions such as abrasion may need active restorations. A general dental practitioner should be able to accurately identify the cause and treat the aesthetic and functional impairment as required.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):129-130
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Live birth following abdominal cervical cerclage in a woman with recurrent
           pregnancy losses

    • Authors: Samuel Obozegie Egbaname Aigere, Ovoke Egagifo, Gabriel Oseremen Igberase
      Pages: 131 - 132
      Abstract: Samuel Obozegie Egbaname Aigere, Ovoke Egagifo, Gabriel Oseremen Igberase
      African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):131-132
      We present a case of abdominal cervical cerclage with live birth. She was a 40-year-old woman with a history of recurrent second-trimester pregnancy losses and preterm deliveries. A cervicoisthmic cerclage was applied through the abdominal route at 16 weeks of gestation and the pregnancy progressed to 35 weeks and 4 days when she developed preterm contractions necessitating an emergency cesarean delivery of a set of healthy twins. Only few centers in Nigeria offer abdominal cerclage because of paucity in skills. This case is presented as a reminder that such cases still exist, and the skill must be maintained and taught resident doctors as it may become useful when such cases present.
      Citation: African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2017 16(2):131-132
      PubDate: Thu,18 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ajmhs.ajmhs_68_17
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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