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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Formosan Journal of Surgery
  [SJR: 0.107]   [H-I: 5]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1682-606X
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • Living donor hepatectomy in female donors with ongoing menstruation:
           Safety and ethical issues

    • Authors: Horng-Ren Yang, Ashok Thorat, Kin-Shing Poon, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Yi-Ying Chiang, Te-Hung Chen, Shih-Chao Hsu, Long-Bin Jeng
      Pages: 119 - 124
      Abstract: Horng-Ren Yang, Ashok Thorat, Kin-Shing Poon, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Yi-Ying Chiang, Te-Hung Chen, Shih-Chao Hsu, Long-Bin Jeng
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):119-124
      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to study the safety of the major hepatectomy in female donors with ongoing menstruation in situations where the recipient needs urgent liver transplantation and its impact on menstrual bleeding and subsequent menstrual cycles.Materials and Methods: Fifty-eight female donors that underwent adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation were enrolled in this study and were categorized into two groups. Group A comprised 49 female donors with normal physiological state and Group B comprised nine female donors with ongoing menstruation during the surgery. All the donors in the cohort underwent right hepatectomy including the middle hepatic vein without any blood transfusion in perioperative period.Results: Preoperative international normalized ratio (INR) in Group A and B was 1.05 ± 0.08 and 1.07 ± 0.08, respectively, while INR at postoperative day 7 in Group A donors was 1.72 ± 0.22 while in Group B donors, it was 1.75 ± 0.26. Perioperative hemoglobin drop in Group A and B was statistically insignificant (1.59 ± 0.83 g% vs 1.68 ± 1.51 g%, P = 0.78). The menstrual blood loss in both the groups was statistically comparable.Conclusions: Our study shows safety of right lobe living donation in female donors with ongoing menstruation with no increased risk of intraoperative excessive bleeding and postoperative physiological impact on their general health.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):119-124
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_42_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Correlation between lumbar lordosis and the treatment of chronic low back
           pain with pulsed radiofrequency applied to the L2 dorsal root ganglion

    • Authors: Hsien-Ta Hsu, Shang-Jen Chang, Kuo-Feng Huang, Po-An Tai, Tin-Chou Li, Chun-Jen Huang
      Pages: 125 - 130
      Abstract: Hsien-Ta Hsu, Shang-Jen Chang, Kuo-Feng Huang, Po-An Tai, Tin-Chou Li, Chun-Jen Huang
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):125-130
      Background: Percutaneous pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) applied to the L2 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is an alternative procedure for treating patients with chronic discogenic pain. It is assumed that afferent nerve fibers innervating the degenerated disc and facet joint might travel in the same pathway and finally enter into the L2 DRG. Blocking the L2 DRG with PRF might alleviate discogenic pain and facet joint pain concurrently.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between different types of lumbar lordosis (LL) and the treatment of chronic low back pain with PRF applied to the L2 DRG.Materials and Methods: Between 2008 and 2013, 84 patients (29 men and 55 women) were enrolled. Their mean age was 56.03 ± 9.04 years. All patients suffered from low back pain for more than 6 months that worsened on prolonged sitting or standing and did not improve with at least 3 months of conservative treatment. LL was classified into four types based on Roussouly's classification. The L2 DRG was blocked with 2-Hz PRF waves lasting for 120 s at 45 V with the temperature of the electrode tip not above 42°C. The functional outcomes were assessed pre- and post-operatively using a visual analog scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).Results: Twenty-four patients were Type 1 LL, 26 were Type 2 LL, 21 were Type 3 LL, and 13 were Type 4 LL. The mean age of patients with each type of LL was type 1 (56.63 ± 12.09 years), Type 2 (55.39 ± 11.05 years), Type 3 (55.86 ± 11.40 years), and Type 4 (56.54 ± 12.73 years). There were similar improvements in the VAS and ODI scores for all LL types. Two patients experienced cerebrospinal fluid leakage when the needle was moved toward the L2 DRG, but neither patient experienced a neurological deficit.Conclusion: PRF applied to the L2 DRG is an alternative procedure for treating patients with chronic low back pain, regardless of which type of LL the patients have. Chronic low back pain, including discogenic pain and facet joint pain, may be treated by PRF applied to the L2 DRG.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):125-130
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_43_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Laparoscopic-assisted peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion with two 5-mm
           ports: Complications and outcomes of 30 cases

    • Authors: Kung-Ning Hu, Kun-Hung Shen, Chih-Chiang Chien, Chien-Liang Liu
      Pages: 131 - 134
      Abstract: Kung-Ning Hu, Kun-Hung Shen, Chih-Chiang Chien, Chien-Liang Liu
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):131-134
      Introduction: End-stage renal disease has high prevalence in Taiwan, and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one of the effective treatments. Although the open catheter placement method is more popular, the laparoscopic method is proven to be superior. We present our initial experience with laparoscopic PD catheter insertion.Materials and Methods: We set one 5-mm trocar over the periumbilicus with another assisting 5-mm trocar in a region about 3 cm lateral to the umbilicus. Abdominal exploration using laparoscopy is performed, and enterolysis is also performed if needed. The PD catheter is inserted through the assisted trocar deep into the Douglas pouch under vision. Finally, we check the final condition under laparoscopy and close the wound.Results: A total of thirty patients (median age 56.5 years old, 15 women) underwent this procedure. No intraoperative complications were noted, and the mean operation time was 32 min. Two postoperative complications were found (2/30, 6.7%). Delayed bleeding was noted due to abdominal wall vessel injury while setting the trocar. The vessel was sutured under laparoscopy, which stopped the bleeding. The other complication was tube dysfunction due to omentum wrapping. Laparoscopic revision of the tube was performed. All the complications could be resolved, and the PD was continued. The mid-term tube function at follow-up (at least 16 months) was acceptable in all cases.Conclusions: Laparoscopic-assisted PD catheter insertion is a feasible procedure that can reduce wound pain with acceptable PD function.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):131-134
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_44_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Procalcitonin levels to predict bacterial infection in Surgical Intensive
           Care Unit patients

    • Authors: Jin You Jhan, Yen Ta Huang, Cian Huei Shih, Jhen Da Yang, Yi Tsen Lin, Shin-Jie Lin, Hsiao Hui Yang, Lee Ying Soo, Guan Jin Ho
      Pages: 135 - 141
      Abstract: Jin You Jhan, Yen Ta Huang, Cian Huei Shih, Jhen Da Yang, Yi Tsen Lin, Shin-Jie Lin, Hsiao Hui Yang, Lee Ying Soo, Guan Jin Ho
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):135-141
      Background: Infection-induced inflammatory response might be aggravated by surgery insults. The clinical presentation of Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) patients might be different from medical critically ill patients.Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic values of procalcitonin (PCT) to predict bacterial infection in SICU patients.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the 2-year (2013 and 2014) records of 342 adult SICU cases with suspected bacterial infection in SICU of Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital. The past histories, the first infection-related parameters when SICU admission, culture results, infection-related laboratory examinations, and outcomes were collected.Results: Median of PCT level in patients with negative and any positive culture was 0.84 (interquartile range [IQR] 0.18–6.21) and 2.27 (IQR 0.54–9.93) ng/ml, respectively. Infection from blood, urine, and skin/soft tissue elicited significantly higher PCT levels. PCT in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve demonstrated the most accurate to predict bacterial infection (area under the ROC curve [AUC]: 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–0.63) and bacteremia (AUC: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.66–0.80) compared to white blood cell count, ratio of neutrophils, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR). Significantly higher PCT levels (4.12 ng/ml, 1.12–19.99; median, IQR) were observed in mortality cases. Higher PCT levels were significantly accompanied with higher NLCR, as well as higher incidence of leukopenia and bandemia. Using Kaplan–Meier analysis, significantly higher intrahospital mortality was observed in cases with above the cutoff PCT levels of 0.5 and 2 ng/ml cases, respectively.Conclusion: PCT is a relatively more useful tool to predict bacterial and particularly bloodstream infection compared to other infection-related parameters in routinely clinical practice. Initial PCT levels may be a prognostic factor of SICU patients with bacterial infection.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):135-141
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Cranial migration of ventriculoperitoneal shunt

    • Authors: Praveen Mathur, Rahul Gupta, Sunil Mehra, Pragya Chaturvedi, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Ramendra Shukla
      Pages: 142 - 144
      Abstract: Praveen Mathur, Rahul Gupta, Sunil Mehra, Pragya Chaturvedi, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Ramendra Shukla
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):142-144
      We report a rare case of an 11-month male infant with cranial migration of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt assembly. The shunt chamber was lying inside the ventricles. At the time of shunt revision, outsized burr hole and wide dural opening were observed. The ventricular migrated chamber of VP shunt was first retrieved from the ventricle followed by the removal of whole shunt assembly. A new VP shunt was placed on the other side with the chamber firmly anchored to the pericranium. The diagnosis was timely done and prevented complete shunt migration into the ventricles. We attribute factors such as outsized burr hole, wide dural opening, and poor anchoring of the straight connector of shunt chamber to periosteum because of poor tissue preservation (redo operation). Repeated flushing of the shunt chamber by cranial direction pressing on it by the mother might be a contributing factor for loosening of anchor sutures and cranial migration. Patients undergoing VP shunt procedure must be under regular follow-up for early recognition of this potential complication. Cranial migration of VP shunt is usually not a fatal complication.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):142-144
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_45_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene: Pubic tubercle fracture
           complicated with hematoma and acute osteomyelitis

    • Authors: Chien-Liang Fang
      Pages: 145 - 149
      Abstract: Chien-Liang Fang
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):145-149
      The etiologies of Fournier's gangrene are well described into four groups: anorectal, genitourinary, dermatologic, and idiopathic. Here, we present the case of a hematoma and acute osteomyelitis (related to a closed fracture of the pubis), which progressed to Fournier's gangrene 1 month after trauma. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department because she had sustained a left side pubic bone fracture from a fall. On her first admission to our emergency department, conservative treatment had been prescribed; however, she was readmitted to our emergency department due to septic shock, local swelling, and pus discharge from the pubis and the left labium majus. A whole abdomen computed tomography scan revealed fluid accumulation in the left suprapubic and perineum region in addition to acute osteomyelitis of the pubis. Acute osteomyelitis-related Fournier's gangrene and sepsis were suspected; hence, she underwent urgent fasciotomy and sequestrectomy. After three rounds of sequestrectomies, partial wound reconstruction with local flap and 24-day hospitalization, she was discharged from our hospital with continuing wound care management. Conservative treatment of closed stable fractures of the pelvic bone along with bed rest is suggested by most orthopedists. However, surgical drainage of hematoma is necessary due to the poor hematoma absorption owing to pelvic fracture. The patient subsequently contracted acute osteomyelitis, a secondary infection associated with the etiology of Fournier's gangrene, particularly in the case of patients with diabetes mellitus. We concluded that this was a rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene and examined the complications of pelvic bone fracture in this context.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):145-149
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_46_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Segmental dilatation of the ileum

    • Authors: Tune-Yie Shih
      Pages: 150 - 152
      Abstract: Tune-Yie Shih
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):150-152
      A 2-year-old boy was sent to the emergency department with the chief problem of abdominal pain for 1 day. He was just discharged from the pediatric ward with the diagnosis of mycoplasmal pneumonia and paralytic ileus. After initial examinations and radiographic investigations, midgut volvulus was impressed. An emergency laparotomy was performed. Segmental dilatation of the ileum with volvulus was found. The operative procedure was resection of the dilated ileal segment with anastomosis. The postoperative recovery was uneventful. The unique abnormality of gastrointestinal tract – segmental dilatation of the ileum, is described in details and the literature is reviewed.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):150-152
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_47_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Severe rhabdomyolysis after head and neck surgery

    • Authors: Man-Ling Kao, Ta-Lun Kao
      Pages: 153 - 157
      Abstract: Man-Ling Kao, Ta-Lun Kao
      Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):153-157
      Rhabdomyolysis constitutes a severe medical emergency that requires immediate recognition and prompt treatment to prevent serious consequences. There are a variety of causes, but rhabdomyolysis after head and neck surgery is very rare. Here, we present a patient who underwent right parotidectomy and complicated with acute kidney injury secondary to severe postoperative rhabdomyolysis. Physicians require special attention for the high-risk patients to avoid severe complications.
      Citation: Formosan Journal of Surgery 2017 50(4):153-157
      PubDate: Wed,19 Jul 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_48_17
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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