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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2277-9531 - ISSN (Online) 2319-6440
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Nursing students plan after graduation: A qualitative study

    • Authors: Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Ade Sukarna, Nurasnih Wahab
      Pages: 1 - 1
      Abstract: Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Ade Sukarna, Nurasnih Wahab
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):1-1
      Background: Identifying nursing students' plan after graduation is necessary to maintain the profession in line with their nursing education. This study was conducted to explore the career plans of diploma nursing students after graduation and factors influencing their plans.Materials and Methods: This was a qualitative descriptive study using focus group discussion, conducted in Academy of Nursing of Belitung, Indonesia. Twenty diploma nursing students at the beginning of their 1st year of study were recruited. Data were analyzed using content analysis model.Results: The plan of diploma nursing students after graduation: becoming a civil servant and its influencing factors (fixed and higher salary, fair remuneration and incentives, and retirement fund); becoming a bedside nurse and its influencing factors (helping others and gaining experiences); and continuing higher education in nursing and its influencing factors (recognition as professional nurse, financial support, family responsibilities, and location of nursing schools).Conclusion: It is suggested that nurse educators should change the mindset of the students not to focus only becoming a civil servant, and the government should open bachelor program in nursing in Belitung and provide educational support for those who would like to continue studying nursing.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):1-1
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_18_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Developing a pilot curriculum to foster humanism among graduate medical
           trainees

    • Authors: Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alice Chuang, Amy Weil, Jennifer O Howell
      Pages: 2 - 2
      Abstract: Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alice Chuang, Amy Weil, Jennifer O Howell
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):2-2
      Background: Humanism is a central tenant of professionalism, a required competency for all residency programs. Yet, few residencies have formal curriculum for teaching this critical aspect of medicine. Instead, professionalism and humanism are often taught informally through role-modeling. With increased burnout, faculty professionalism may suffer and may compromise resident role-modeling. The objective of this study was to design a pilot curriculum to foster humanism in among residents and assess its ability to do so.Materials and Methods: Two-phase exploratory sequential mixed methods study. Phase 1: a qualitative analysis of residents' narratives regarding challenges to humanistic behavior, and identified themes of compassion, fatigue, communication challenges, and work-life balance. Themes used as needs assessment to build curriculum. Phase 2: three sessions with themes taken from faculty development course. Participants and controls completed baseline and 60-day follow-up questionnaires assessing burnout, compassion, satisfaction, and ability to practice psychological medicine. Phase one included Obstetrics/Gynecology and internal medicine residents. Phase two included residents from the above programs, who attended at least 2/3 interactive sessions designed to address the themes identified above.Results: Twelve participants began and ten completed curriculum (83%). The curriculum met course objectives and was well-received (4.8/5). Burnout decreased (−3.1 vs. 2.5, P = 0.048). A trend toward improved compassion (4.4 vs.−0.6, P = 0.096) for participants compared to controls was noted.Conclusion: A pilot humanism curriculum for residents was well-received. Participants showed decreased burnout and trended to improved compassion scores. Development and evaluation of an expanded curriculum would further explore feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):2-2
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_45_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Effect of aerobic exercise on primary dysmenorrhea: A clinical trial
           study

    • Authors: Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad, Zahra Kamali
      Pages: 3 - 3
      Abstract: Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad, Zahra Kamali
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):3-3
      Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea without pelvic pathology is one of the most common complaints in women's medicine. Primary dysmenorrhea can affect the quality of life of women. Aerobic exercise is one of the ways to reduce the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. The present study aimed to determine the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea.Methods: This is a clinical trial study performed on 70 students with primary dysmenorrhea in dormitories of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The instrument was a visual pain questionnaire completed by the two groups in the first 3 days of the menstrual cycle. The exercise protocol included aerobic exercise, which performed the intervention group for 8 weeks, three times a week, and each time for 30 min. Data were analyzed by Fisher and Chi-square tests.Results: The control and intervention groups were homogeneous in terms of demographic characteristics. Results showed that the severity of primary dysmenorrhea at the beginning of the study was not significantly correlated with the two groups. At the end of the 4 weeks after the intervention, the intervention group did not show any significant changes in the control group (P = 0.423) but At the end of 8 weeks after the study, the intervention group showed significant changes compared to the control group (P = 0.041).Conclusion: The results of this study showed that performing aerobic exercise can improve primary dysmenorrhea. Therefore, aerobic exercise can be used to treat primary dysmenorrhea.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):3-3
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_79_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of oral health
           impact profile among school teacher community

    • Authors: Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
      Pages: 4 - 4
      Abstract: Shaleen Vyas, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):4-4
      Aim: To translate OHIP-14 into Hindi and test its psychometric properties among school teacher community.Methods: The OHIP-14 was translated to OHIP-14-H using WHO recommended translation protocol. During pre-testing, an expert panel assessed content validity of the questionnaire. Face validity was assessed on a sample of 10 individuals. The OHIP-14-H was administered on a random sample of 170 primary school teachers. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively, with 2 weeks interval. Predictive validity was tested by comparing OHIP-14-H scores with clinical parameters. The concurrent validity was assessed using self-reported oral health and discriminant validity was ascertained through negative association with sociodemographic variables.Results: The mean OHIP-14-H score was 9.57 (S.D = 4.58). ICC and Cronbach's alpha for OHIP-14-H was 0.96 and 0.92 respectively. Concurrent validity using binomial regression model indicated that good (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.55 – 4.47) and moderate (OR = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.17 – 1.87) OHIP-14-H scores were negative but significant risk indicators of poor self reported oral health (P < 0.009). Significant predictive validity was observed between OHIP-14-H scores and clinical parameters (P < 0.000).Conclusion: Translated and culturally adapted OHIP-14-H indicates good reliability and validity among primary school teachers.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):4-4
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_28_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Predictors of public transportation in Mashhad: A population-based study

    • Authors: Veda Vakili, Ahmad Reza Zarifian, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan
      Pages: 5 - 5
      Abstract: Veda Vakili, Ahmad Reza Zarifian, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):5-5
      Background: The development of public transportation (PT) is a crucial issue in the modern societies. The aim of this study was to assess the status of PT usage among the population residing in Mashhad.Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, 464 citizens of Mashhad filled a checklist about PT-use (i.e., bus, taxi, and metro) to find their supporting and opposing factors in 2014. Chi-square, Mann–Whitney, Student's t-test, and logistic regressions were used for inferential analysis in SPSS 11.5.Results: Mean age was 30.02 ± 11.24 years and 57% (263) were female. Bus (169, 50%) was the most popular PT means, followed by metro (98, 29%) and taxi (74, 21%). Most transportations were happened at morning (248, 35%) and evening (221, 31%). Increasing age (odds ratio [OR] =1.04, confidence interval [CI] 95% = 1.008–1.07), higher education (OR = 2.91, CI 95% = 1.14–7.38), being homemaker (OR = 2.97, CI 95% = 1.19–7.36), or student (OR = 2.91, CI 95% = 1.14–7.38) were predictors of PT-use.Conclusion: Individual preference between PT and driving is associated with social, economic, and cultural aspects of a population. Recognizing the influencing factors can help to design population-oriented services.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):5-5
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_44_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A comparison of face to face and group education on informed choice and
           decisional conflict of pregnant women about screening tests of fetal
           abnormalities

    • Authors: Masoumeh Kordi, Sahar Riyazi, Marziyeh Lotfalizade, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, Hoseyn Jafari Suny
      Pages: 6 - 6
      Abstract: Masoumeh Kordi, Sahar Riyazi, Marziyeh Lotfalizade, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, Hoseyn Jafari Suny
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):6-6
      Background and Goal: Screening of fetal anomalies is assumed as a necessary measurement in antenatal cares. The screening plans aim at empowerment of individuals to make the informed choice. This study was conducted in order to compare the effect of group and face-to-face education and decisional conflicts among the pregnant females regarding screening of fetal abnormalities.Methods: This study of the clinical trial was carried out on 240 pregnant women at <10-week pregnancy age in health care medical centers in Mashhad city in 2014. The form of individual-midwifery information and informed choice questionnaire and decisional conflict scale were used as tools for data collection. The face-to-face and group education course were held in two weekly sessions for intervention groups during two consecutive weeks, and the usual care was conducted for the control group. The rate of informed choice and decisional conflict was measured in pregnant women before education and also at weeks 20–22 of pregnancy in three groups. The data analysis was executed using SPSS statistical software (version 16), and statistical tests were implemented including Chi-square test, Kruskal–Wallis test, Wilcoxon test, Mann–Whitney U-test, one-way analysis of variance test, and Tukey's range test. The P < 0.05 was considered as a significant. Results: The results showed that there was statically significant difference between three groups in terms of frequency of informed choice in screening of fetal abnormalities (P = 0.001) in such a way that at next step of intervention, 62 participants (77.5%) in face-to-face education group, 64 members (80%) in group education class, and 20 persons (25%) in control group had the informed choice regarding screening tests, but there was no statistically significant difference between two individual and group education classes. Similarly, during the postintervention phase, there was a statistically significant difference in mean score of decisional conflict scale among pregnant women regarding screening tests in three groups (P = 0.001). Discussion and Conclusion: With respect to effectiveness of group and face-to-face education methods in increasing the informed choice and reduced decisional conflict in pregnant women regarding screening tests, each of these education methods may be employed according to the clinical environment conditions and requirement to encourage the women for conducting the screening tests.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):6-6
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_106_15
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Hepatitis C: Knowledge and awareness of private dental practitioners of a
           tricity in India

    • Authors: Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Mandeep Kumar, Gurminder Singh, Arshdeep Singh, Amanpreet Kaur
      Pages: 7 - 7
      Abstract: Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Mandeep Kumar, Gurminder Singh, Arshdeep Singh, Amanpreet Kaur
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):7-7
      Background: Dental health-care personnel are at an increased risk toward infections caused by various microorganisms including hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses (HCV). A dentist can play an important role in the prevention of HCV by considering every patient as a potential carrier for hepatitis. Therefore, the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental health-care professionals regarding various aspects of HCV.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 247 private dental practitioners of tricity. A close-ended self-structured questionnaire was administered which contained 12 questions on knowledge and awareness regarding HCV infection keeping in view the time constraints. Categorization of knowledge scores was done at three levels - poor, moderate, and good. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA and Student's t-test.Results: Nearly 96% (102) of postgraduates and 84% (117) of graduates had heard about HCV. 45.5% (112) had poor knowledge scores, 33.6% (83) had moderate knowledge scores, and only 21% (52) of participants had good knowledge scores. On the opinion of treating an HCV-infected patient by a dentist, only 61% (65) of postgraduates and 46% (64) of graduates agreed. There was statistically significant association of mean knowledge scores with gender, education level, and experience (P < 0.05).Conclusion: Majority of the dental professionals lacked knowledge regarding HCV infection and were not fully aware regarding certain aspects. Therefore, there is an urgent need for modification of the existing dental curriculum so that knowledge regarding these diseases can be imparted during graduation.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):7-7
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_34_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Internationalization or globalization of higher education

    • Authors: Habibolah Rezaei, Alireza Yousefi, Bagher Larijani, Reza Dehnavieh, Nima Rezaei, Peyman Adibi
      Pages: 8 - 8
      Abstract: Habibolah Rezaei, Alireza Yousefi, Bagher Larijani, Reza Dehnavieh, Nima Rezaei, Peyman Adibi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):8-8
      Introduction: Studies about globalization and internationalization demonstrate different attitudes in explaining these concepts. Since there is no consensus among Iranian specialists about these concepts, the purpose of this study is to explain the concepts of internationalization and globalization in Iran.Materials and Methods: This study is a systematic review done in the first half of 2016. To explain the concept of globalization and internationalization, articles in Scientific Information D atabase, Magiran database, and Google Scholar were searched with the keywords such as globalization, scientific exchange, international cooperation, curriculum exchange, student exchange, faculty exchange, multinational cooperation, transnational cooperation, and collaborative research. Articles, used in this study, were in Persian and were devoted to internationalization and globalization between 2001 and 2016. The criterion of discarding the articles was duplicity.Results: As many as 180 Persian articles were found on this topic. After discarding repetitive articles, 64 remained. Among those, 39 articles mentioned the differences between globalization and internationalization. Definitions of globalization were categorized in four categories, including globalization, globalizing, globalization of higher education, and globalizing of higher education. Definitions about internationalization were categorized in five categories such as internationalization, internationalization of higher education, internationalization of the curriculum, internationalization of curriculum studies, and internationalization of curriculum profession.Conclusion: The spectrum of the globalization of higher education moves from dissonance and multipolarization to unification and single polarization of the world. One end of the spectrum, which is unification and single polarization of the world, is interpreted as globalization. The other side of the spectrum, which is dissonance and multipolarization, is interpreted as globalizing. The definition of internalization is the same as that of globalizing. In other words, it is possible to say that internalization is similar to globalizing but different from globalization.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):8-8
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_25_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Assessment of readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral
           potentially malignant disorders using transtheoretical model

    • Authors: Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
      Pages: 9 - 9
      Abstract: Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):9-9
      Background: Tobacco use is a disease of addiction and a behavior choice. It is valuable to understand the psychosocial dimension of disease.Objectives: The research aimed to assess the (I) behavioral determinants and pattern of tobacco use (II) readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using transtheoretical model (TTM) approach visiting the dental college in Goa, India.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 300 patients over 3 months. Information about sociodemographics, determinants including age and reason of onset, behavioral stages, and the presence of OPMDs was collected using specially designed pro forma. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS 18.0.Results: Smokeless form of tobacco 199 (66.34%) was most prevalent followed by smoking 79 (26.33%) and dual tobacco use 22 (07.33%) in males. Majority belonged to low socioeconomic class. Peer influence was the most-cited reason. Around 1/3rd of the participants had OPMDs associated with tobacco use. Significant association was observed between the presence of OPMDs and TTM behavioral stages. Patients with OPMDs are more motivated for tobacco cessation (odd's ratio = 2.30, P = 0.002), that is, they are more in preparation and action stages.Conclusion: The findings reflect that smokeless tobacco use is more prevalent in males with low level of education and socioeconomic class. Readiness to quit tobacco increases among patients with OPMDs using TTM.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):9-9
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_75_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Utilizing mobile health method to emergency nurses' knowledge about
           Emergency Severity Index triage

    • Authors: Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Elham Izadi Dsatjerdi, Shahla Mohamadirizi
      Pages: 10 - 10
      Abstract: Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Elham Izadi Dsatjerdi, Shahla Mohamadirizi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):10-10
      Background: Mobile health has the potential to revolutionize the role of educators by empowering nurses to take more responsibility for their own learning. Hence, this study was designed to examine the effect of mobile health method to emergency nurses' knowledge about Emergency Severity Index triage.Materials and Methods: A two groups' pool blind quasi-experimental study was performed on emergency department nurses working in hospitals affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The study was conducted from September to November 2014. Sample size was calculated as 35 participants in each group (a total of seventy participants). Participants were divided into two groups of mobile health and workshop, randomly. Participants' knowledge score was collected according to researcher-made questionnaire with twenty questions. SPSS version 11.5 was used to conduct statistical tests such as independent t-test and paired t-test for analyzing the data with the significant level <0.05.Results: The results show that there was not any significant difference between the knowledge scores of mobile health and workshop group before intervention, but there was a significant difference after 2-week intervention (P = 0.012).Conclusion: The electronic program was an attractive education method for emergency nurses because in these method educators by empowering nurses to take more responsibility for their own learning. Hence, it is suggested that mobile health is used by authorities along with routine training, due to its less cost and spending less time.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):10-10
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_29_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Research self-efficacy and its relationship with academic performance in
           postgraduate students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2016

    • Authors: Amir Tiyuri, Behzad Saberi, Mohammadreza Miri, Ehsan Shahrestanaki, Beyram Bibi Bayat, Hamid Salehiniya
      Pages: 11 - 11
      Abstract: Amir Tiyuri, Behzad Saberi, Mohammadreza Miri, Ehsan Shahrestanaki, Beyram Bibi Bayat, Hamid Salehiniya
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):11-11
      Background: Research self-efficacy is one of the main factors influencing the successful conduction of research and following it in students. This study was performed with the aim of determining the research self-efficacy and its relationship with academic performance in postgraduate students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in 2016.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 320 postgraduate students of TUMS in 2016. Proportional stratified sampling was done with simple random sampling from each school. The data were gathered with Phillips and Russell's research self-efficacy questionnaire, demographic questions, and grade point average (GPA) and were analyzed with independent t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple linear regressions in SPSS 18.Results: Out of 320 students participating in this study, 152 patients (47.5%) were male and 168 (52.5%) were female with the mean age of 27.83 ± 4.3 years. The mean of research self-efficacy score was 186.18 ± 59.5 which was significant depended on college degrees and was significantly higher in doctorate students (P = 0.0001). However, no significant difference was seen in research self-efficacy score of students due to gender (P = 0.754) and school (P = 0.364). There was a significant direct relationship between students' GPA and research self-efficacy score (r = 0.393, P = 0.0001).Conclusions: Results of this study showed that the research self-efficacy score of TUMS postgraduate students is at an acceptable level, except the quantitative and computer skills that need appropriate educational interventions. As a direct and significant relationship existed between research self-efficacy score and student's academic performance, improving the research self-efficacy will also increase students' academic performance.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):11-11
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_43_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Knowledge regarding anesthesiologist and anesthesiology among patients and
           attendants attending a rural hospital of New Delhi

    • Authors: Tulika Singh, Sanju Sharma, Bratati Banerjee, Suneela Garg
      Pages: 12 - 12
      Abstract: Tulika Singh, Sanju Sharma, Bratati Banerjee, Suneela Garg
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):12-12
      Introduction: Anesthesia has become one of the most advanced specialties in modern medicine with tremendous growth in knowledge and substances available for use. However, public awareness toward anesthesiologist and anesthesiology is limited. It is important for us to make people aware about the role played by an anesthesiologist in medical setup. The present study was conducted among patients and attendants to assess the knowledge regarding the anesthesiologist and anesthesiology.Materials and Methods: The study was carried out at a rural hospital of New Delhi, on 250 adult patients and attendants visiting outpatient departments to assess their knowledge regarding anesthesiologists and anesthesiology. An interview in their local language with the help of a prestructured questionnaire was carried out over a 3 month period. The participants on the basis of their answers were classified as aware or unaware. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 17.Results: Most of the patients in our study were not aware of the role of anesthesiologists, their role in OT and postoperative period, and about anesthesiology as a separate discipline. They were aware of the general and regional anesthesia techniques. Only half of the participants had good knowledge (55.6%), and it was significantly associated with age, sex, and education (P < 0.001).Conclusion: There is ignorance among the general population regarding the role played by anesthesiologists. We need newer initiatives for educating public and professionals for future progress.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):12-12
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_52_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Factors influencing the results of faculty evaluation in Isfahan
           University of Medical Sciences

    • Authors: Farahnaz Kamali, Nikoo Yamani, Tahereh Changiz, Fatemeh Zoubin
      Pages: 13 - 13
      Abstract: Farahnaz Kamali, Nikoo Yamani, Tahereh Changiz, Fatemeh Zoubin
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):13-13
      Objective: This study aimed to explore factors influencing the results of faculty member evaluation from the viewpoints of faculty members affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was done using a conventional content analysis method. Participants were faculty members of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences who, considering maximum variation in sampling, were chosen with a purposive sampling method. Semi-structured interviews were held with 11 faculty members until data saturation was reached. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed with conventional content analysis method for theme development. Further, the MAXQDA software was used for data management.Results: The data analysis led to the development of two main themes, namely, “characteristics of the educational system” and “characteristics of the faculty member evaluation system.” The first main theme consists of three categories, i.e. “characteristics of influential people in evaluation,” “features of the courses,” and “background characteristics.” The other theme has the following as its categories: “evaluation methods,” “evaluation tools,” “evaluation process,” and “application of evaluation results.” Each category will have its subcategories.Conclusions: Many factors affect the evaluation of faculty members that should be taken into account by educational policymakers for improving the quality of the educational process. In addition to the factors that directly influence the educational system, methodological problems in the evaluation system need special attention.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):13-13
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_107_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effect of religious-spiritual support on childbirth self-efficacy

    • Authors: Shahla Mohamadirizi, Marjan Mohamadirizi, Soheila Mohamadirizi, Fatemeh Mahmoodi
      Pages: 14 - 14
      Abstract: Shahla Mohamadirizi, Marjan Mohamadirizi, Soheila Mohamadirizi, Fatemeh Mahmoodi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):14-14
      Background: Childbirth self-efficacy is one of the most important factors causing a shift in mothers do vaginal delivery. If the mother feels that she can cope well with stress, will be protected from the harmful effects of stress on your health. Self-efficacy contained individual's assessment of her ability to deal with stressful situations. Strengthen the spiritual beliefs of the patient causes her to be a good result every situation even incurable condition. This study aimed to determine the effect of religious-spiritual support on childbirth self-efficacy in primiparous women.Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study carried on seventy primiparous women; participants were randomly divided into two intervention and control groups. The intervention group received the e-learning package based on religious-spiritual content. Self-efficacy questionnaire by both groups before and 4 weeks after it was completed. Collected data were entered into SPSS version 11 descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and paired t-test which were used for analysis of data. The significant level was considered <0.05.Results: The results showed that the mean self-efficacy score before and after intervention in case group was 105.2 (27.01) and 110.12 (21.2), respectively, and in control group; 111.2 (23.12) and 116.9 (24.43). Paired t-test in two groups was significant (P = 0.042, P = 0.045) but independent t-test showed no significant difference in scores of childbirth self-efficacy before and after intervention in two groups (P = 0.061).Conclusion: In prenatal periods, religious-spiritual support through electronic package method can increase childbirth self-efficacy, so the planning and establishment of this training are recommended as an effective training.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):14-14
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_60_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Meta-evaluation of published studies on evaluation of health disaster
           preparedness exercises through a systematic review

    • Authors: Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
      Pages: 15 - 15
      Abstract: Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):15-15
      Objective: Exercise evaluation is one of the most important steps and sometimes neglected in designing and taking exercises, in this stage of exercise, it systematically identifying, gathering, and interpreting related information to indicate how an exercise has fulfilled its objectives. The present study aimed to assess the most important evaluation techniques applied in evaluating health exercises for emergencies and disasters.Methods: This was meta-evaluation study through a systematic review. In this research, we searched papers based on specific and relevant keywords in research databases including ISI web of science, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Ovid, ProQuest, Wiley, Google Scholar, and Persian database such as ISC and SID. The search keywords and strategies are followed; “simulation,” “practice,” “drill,” “exercise,” “instrument,” “tool,” “questionnaire,” “ measurement,” “checklist,” “scale,” “test,” “inventory,” “battery,” “evaluation,” “assessment,” “appraisal,” “emergency,” “disaster,” “cricise,” “hazard,” “catastrophe,: “hospital”, “prehospital,” “health centers,” “treatment centers,” were used in combination with Boolean operators OR and AND.Results: The research findings indicate that there are different techniques and methods for data collection to evaluate performance exercises of health centers and affiliated organizations in disasters and emergencies including debriefing inventories, self-report, questionnaire, interview, observation, shooting video, and photographing, electronic equipment which can be individually or collectively used depending on exercise objectives or purposes.Conclusion: Taking exercise in the health sector is one of the important steps in preparation and implementation of disaster risk management programs. This study can be thus utilized to improve preparedness of different sectors of health system according to the latest available evaluation techniques and methods for better implementation of disaster exercise evaluation stages.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):15-15
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_159_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Forecasting the shortage of neurosurgeons in Iran using a system dynamics
           model approach

    • Authors: Sima Rafiei, Arman Daneshvaran, Sina Abdollahzade
      Pages: 16 - 16
      Abstract: Sima Rafiei, Arman Daneshvaran, Sina Abdollahzade
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):16-16
      Context: Shortage of physicians particularly in specialty levels is considered as an important issue in Iran health system. Thus, in an uncertain environment, long-term planning is required for health professionals as a basic priority on a national scale.Aims: This study aimed to estimate the number of required neurosurgeons using system dynamic modeling.Setting and Design: System dynamic modeling was applied to predict the gap between stock and number of required neurosurgeons in Iran up to 2020.Subjects and Methods: A supply and demand simulation model was constructed for neurosurgeons using system dynamic approach. The demand model included epidemiological, demographic, and utilization variables along with supply model-incorporated current stock of neurosurgeons and flow variables such as attrition, migration, and retirement rate.Statistical Analysis Used: Data were obtained from various governmental databases and were analyzed by Vensim PLE Version 3.0 to address the flow of health professionals, clinical infrastructure, population demographics, and disease prevalence during the time.Results: It was forecasted that shortage in number of neurosurgeons would disappear at 2020. The most dominant determinants on predicted number of neurosurgeons were the prevalence of neurosurgical diseases, the rate for service utilization, and medical capacity of the region.Conclusions: Shortage of neurosurgeons in some areas of the country relates to maldistribution of the specialists. Accordingly, there is a need to reconsider the allocation system for health professionals within the country instead of increasing the overall number of acceptance quota in training positions.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):16-16
      PubDate: Wed,10 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_35_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The potential contributions of geographic information science to the study
           of social determinants of health in Iran

    • Authors: Hamidreza Rabiei-Dastjerdi, Stephen A Matthews
      Pages: 17 - 17
      Abstract: Hamidreza Rabiei-Dastjerdi, Stephen A Matthews
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):17-17
      Recent interest in the social determinants of health (SDOH) and the effects of neighborhood contexts on individual health and well-being has grown exponentially. In this brief communication, we describe recent developments in both analytical perspectives and methods that have opened up new opportunities for researchers interested in exploring neighborhoods and health research within a SDOH framework. We focus specifically on recent advances in geographic information science, statistical methods, and spatial analytical tools. We close with a discussion of how these recent developments have the potential to enhance SDOH research in Iran.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):17-17
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_106_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Do highly cited clinicians get more citations when being present at social
           networking sites?

    • Authors: Fatemeh Ramezani-Pakpour-Langeroudi, Maryam Okhovati, Ali Talebian
      Pages: 18 - 18
      Abstract: Fatemeh Ramezani-Pakpour-Langeroudi, Maryam Okhovati, Ali Talebian
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):18-18
      Background and Aims: The advent of social networking sites has facilitated the dissemination of scientific research. This article aims to investigate the presence of Iranian highly cited clinicians in social networking sites.Materials and Methods: This is a scientometrics study. Essential Science Indicator (ESI) was searched for Iranian highly cited papers in clinical medicine during November–December 2015. Then, the authors of the papers were checked and a list of authors was obtained. In the second phase, the authors' names were searched in the selected social networking sites (ResearchGate [RG], Academia, Mendeley, LinkedIn). The total citations and h-index in Scopus were also gathered.Results: Fifty-five highly cited papers were retrieved. A total of 107 authors participated in writing these papers. RG was the most popular (64.5%) and LinkedIn and Academia were in 2nd and 3rd places. None of the authors of highly cited papers were subscribed to Mendeley. A positive direct relationship was observed between visibility at social networking sites with citation and h-index rate. A significant relationship was observed between the RG score, citations, reads indicators in RG, and citation numbers and there was a significant relationship between the number of document indicator in Academia and the citation numbers.Conclusion: It seems putting the papers in social networking sites can influence the citation rate. We recommend all scientists to be present at social networking sites to have better chance of visibility and also citation.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):18-18
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_69_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Association of sugary foods and drinks consumption with behavioral risk
           and oral health status of 12- and 15-year-old Indian school children

    • Authors: Kailash Asawa, Nandini Sen, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Pratibha Sultane, Vishal Patil
      Pages: 19 - 19
      Abstract: Kailash Asawa, Nandini Sen, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Pratibha Sultane, Vishal Patil
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):19-19
      Aim: This study aims to assess the association of sugary foods and drinks consumption with behavioral risk and oral health status of 12- and 15-year-old government school children in Udaipur.Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among of 12- and 15-year-old government schoolchildren of Udaipur. A survey pro forma designed based on HBSC (Health behaviour in School-aged Children) study protocol and WHO Oral Health Assessment Form for Children (2013) was used. Chi-Square test, Independent Sample t-test, and Multinomial Logistic Regression analysis were used with 95% confidence interval and 5% significance level.Results: Out of 710 participants, 455 (64.1%) were males and 255 females (35.9%). Majority of 15 years age (57.3%) consumed more soft drinks than 12-year-old. Males showed a comparatively greater tendency to have sugar sweetened products than females. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) and DMFT scores were relatively higher for subjects who consumed sugary substances more than once/day than who had less than once/day. Gingivitis was associated with high sugar diet.Conclusion: Sugary foods and drinks consumption is significantly associated with behavioral habits of children and is a clear behavioral risk for oral health.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):19-19
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_53_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • What are the predictor variables of social well-being among the medical
           science students?

    • Authors: Nazila Javadi-Pashaki, Azar Darvishpour
      Pages: 20 - 20
      Abstract: Nazila Javadi-Pashaki, Azar Darvishpour
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):20-20
      Context: Individuals with social well-being can cope more successfully with major problems of social roles. Due to the social nature of human life, it cannot be ignored to pay attention the social aspect of health.Aims: The purpose of this study was to identify variables that predict the social well-being of medical students.Settings and Design: A descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 489 medical science students of Gilan Province, the North of Iran, during May to September 2016.Subjects and Methods: The samples were selected using quota sampling method. Research instrument was a questionnaire consisting of two parts: demographic section and Keyes social well-being questionnaire.Statistical Analysis Used: Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 19 and with descriptive and inferential statistics (t-test, ANOVA, and linear regression).Results: The results showed that majority of the students had average social well-being. Furthermore, a significant relationship between the academic degree (P = 0.009), major (P = 0.0001), the interest and field's satisfaction (P = 0.0001), and social well-being was seen. The results of linear regression model showed that four variables (academic degree, major, group membership, and the interest and field's satisfaction) were significantly associated with the social well-being (P < 0.05).Conclusions: The findings demonstrate that the different effects of the demographic factors on social well-being and the need for further consideration of these factors are obvious. Thus, health and education authorities are advised to pay attention students' academic degree, major, group membership, and the interest and field's satisfaction to upgrade and maintain the level of their social well-being.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):20-20
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_89_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Get aware of hand hygiene: Implement it in your attitude

    • Authors: Gitali Bhagawati
      Pages: 21 - 21
      Abstract: Gitali Bhagawati
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):21-21
      Background: Although there is advancement in the health-care system, the rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are still high. Poor hand hygiene (HH) among healthcare workers (HCWs) is identified as one of the major causes of HAIs.Aims: The aim and objective of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude regarding hand hygiene (HH) among HCWs in a superspecialty hospital in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, semi-structured, questionnaire-based study was carried out in a superspecialty hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India. Questionnaires were distributed on the training session of HH organized in the eve of World HH Day on May 5th, 2016.Subjects and Methods: A total 104 questionnaires were distributed among various HCWs. Each questionnaire was composed of 14 questions to test the awareness and attitude regarding HH. Awareness regarding HH among HCWs was graded as excellent (>80% correct response), satisfactory (80%–50%), and unsatisfactory (<50%). Attitude was graded on the basis of their response: excellent (strongly agree), satisfactory (agree), and unsatisfactory (other response).Results: Awareness was found to be unsatisfactory regarding the most frequent source of germs in hospital setting (39.42%) and effective time of proper hand rub (42.30%). Lack of awareness regarding adequate time of hand wash among doctors (85.71%) was an important issue.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):21-21
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_77_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Barriers to participation in medical research from the perspective of
           researchers

    • Authors: Reza Safdari, Hamideh Ehtesham, Mehri Robiaty, Narges Ziaee
      Pages: 22 - 22
      Abstract: Reza Safdari, Hamideh Ehtesham, Mehri Robiaty, Narges Ziaee
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):22-22
      Background: The first step toward organizing research activities is to obtain a correct perception of available capabilities. This study was conducted to investigate the researchers' views about barriers affecting research activities.Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using the census method. The population consisted of the faculty members of Birjand University of Medical Sciences in 2014. The research tool was a questionnaire in six areas of financial, facility, professional, scientific, personal, and organizational– managerial barriers. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Friedman test.Results: Faculty members confirmed that although all barriers affected research activities, organizational–managerial barriers (3.73 ± 0.63) had the greatest and scientific barriers (3.15 ± 0.93) had the lowest effect, respectively. The results of Friedman test showed that there is a significant difference between the mean values of factors related to various barriers affecting research activities from the viewpoint of the participants' answers.Conclusions: Research activities are affected by numerous barriers. Strategies, such as empowering researchers, employing new technologies in the creation of research teams, and benefiting from research experts in various stages of research, may have a positive effect on the removal of the barriers.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):22-22
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward research: The perspectives of
           undergraduate medical and dental students

    • Authors: Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Htay Lwin, Mila Nu Nu Htay, Khine Lynn Phyu, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
      Pages: 23 - 23
      Abstract: Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Htay Lwin, Mila Nu Nu Htay, Khine Lynn Phyu, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):23-23
      Context: Scientific research not only promotes health and combats diseases of an individual, but also it can strengthen the effectiveness of health systems. Hence, understanding of scientific methods becomes a crucial component in the medical profession.Aims: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward research among undergraduate medical and dental students.Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 295 undergraduate Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) students from a private medical college in Malaysia.Materials and Methods: We purposively selected 360 students attending the 3rd, 4th, and 5th year in MBBS course and BDS course in September 2015. A total of 295 students who were willing to provide written informed consent were included in this study. We collected data using a validated, self-administered, structured questionnaire which included 20 questions about knowledge toward scientific research, 21 attitude items in regard to scientific research, a list of 10 barriers toward conducting medical research, and 5 questions of confidence to conduct the medical research.Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression.Results: Among the students, 56.9% had moderate knowledge while the majority (83.3%) had moderate attitude toward scientific research. The majorly cited barriers were the lack of time (79.9%), lack of knowledge and skills (72.1%), lack of funding (72.0%) and facilities (63.6%), and lack of rewards (55.8%). There was a significant association between age, academic year, and knowledge of research as the older age group, and 4th- and 5th-year students had higher knowledge score. The students of higher attitude score had better-perceived barriers score toward research with regression coefficient 0.095 (95% confidence interval 0.032–0.159).Conclusions: Even though the students had the positive attitudes toward scientific research, a supportive and positive environment is needed to improve skills and knowledge of research and to overcome the barriers toward the conduct of scientific research.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):23-23
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_61_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Barriers to medication adherence in patients with hypertension: A
           qualitative study

    • Authors: Arash Najimi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Parastoo Golshiri
      Pages: 24 - 24
      Abstract: Arash Najimi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Parastoo Golshiri
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):24-24
      Introduction: Barriers to medication adherence in patients with hypertension can have significant differences that made researchers confute to conclude that medication adherence is required to be more explored, and then, beneficial interventions develop to decrease these barriers. Thus, the current study was aimed to identify barriers to adherence in Iranian society.Materials and Methods: A qualitative content analysis was carried out. Participants were as follow: Patients with hypertension who had clinic records in the health centers of Isfahan University of Medical Science. Purposive sampling method was conducted and continued until data saturation, as well. Semi-structured interview was selected as the best-qualified technique to select data. Data were analyzed using qualitative content, constant comparative analysis, and MAXQDA (Ver 10) software.Results: After study and separation of basic concepts, 1620 basic codes were extracted from interviews. Classes were made based on codes and after multiple reviews, summarizing as well as similarity. Primary themes were identified using more explorations and comparison of classes. Based on the nature, the conceptual themes were named. These themes include (1) environmental challenges of life, (2) incompatibility of patients; (3) forget to take medicine, and (4) inefficient recommendations of family.Conclusion: Findings revealed that barriers to patient adherence to the treatment had four dimensions that may be likely useful for managers and planners in the health field to plan and intervene regarding medication adherence as the most critical preventing factor for patients with hypertension.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):24-24
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_65_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Fish consumption based on transtheoretical model among housewives

    • Authors: Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Banafsheh Agah, Teamur Aghamolaei, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Sakineh Dadipoor, Ali Safari Moradabadi
      Pages: 25 - 25
      Abstract: Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Banafsheh Agah, Teamur Aghamolaei, Amin Ghanbarnejad, Sakineh Dadipoor, Ali Safari Moradabadi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):25-25
      Background: Consuming fish plays a key role in human health and prevention of diseases. The aim of this study was using transtheoretical model to analyze the trend of fish consumption among women.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic research, 383 housewives who referred to health centers in Bandar Abbas were selected through a stratified sampling method. Data were collected by a questionnaire to determine fish consumption based on transtheoretical model and analyzed by using SPSS software version 19.0. with the significance level of P < 0.05.Results: Nearly 11.7% of the patients were found to be at the precontemplation stage; 3.9% were at the contemplation stage; 13.6% were at the preparation stage; 7.3% showed to be at the action stage, and 63.4% were at the maintenance stage. The results showed a significant relation of the constructs of the model with the stages of change of consuming one or two meals of fish a week. Moving through the stages of change from the precontemplation stage to maintenance stage was accompanied by an increase in decisional balance, self-efficacy, and processes of change (P < 0.05).Conclusion: It is suggested that in designing educational interventions in the light of this model, more emphasis is placed on perceived benefits and self-efficacy. The processes of change are advised to be used more often, and perceived barriers to fish consumption need to be reduced as far as possible.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):25-25
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_91_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effect of dental erosion on oral health among employees of
           battery-manufacturing units in Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India

    • Authors: Mohit Bansal, Sunint Singh, Aditi Bector, Mrigank Dogra
      Pages: 26 - 26
      Abstract: Mohit Bansal, Sunint Singh, Aditi Bector, Mrigank Dogra
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):26-26
      Objective: The objective of the study was to obtain data on prevalence and severity of dental erosion among acid industry workers in Baddi (Himachal Pradesh).Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 800 battery industry workers. The demographic details were recorded on a prestructured pro forma. Type III examination was done. Dental erosion was recorded based on the index given by Bardsley (simplified scoring criteria for tooth wear index). Appropriate statistical tests were used to interpret the data.Results: The prevalence of dental erosion was found to be 48.6%. Prevalence increased with the duration of employment. Dental erosion was most commonly found in the labial surfaces of maxillary anterior teeth.Conclusion: Erosion is a condition which is multifactorial and becomes more aggravating in the presence of acidic environment. Therefore, the workers working in such conditions should be more careful, and mandatory policies should also be followed by such industries to maintain the overall health of the workers.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):26-26
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_51_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A survey on scientific authenticity of health information in Iranian
           popular magazines: A case study

    • Authors: Ourfa Hovsepyan, Firoozeh Zare_Farashbandi, Gholamreza Askari, Akbar Hassanzadeh
      Pages: 27 - 27
      Abstract: Ourfa Hovsepyan, Firoozeh Zare_Farashbandi, Gholamreza Askari, Akbar Hassanzadeh
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):27-27
      Background: The content of the mass media is a suitable tool for making changes to the society. One of the most read news in the mass media is nutritional information. The goal of this study is to assess the scientific authenticity of such information published in Iranian popular magazines.Materials and Methods: This study is a qualitative study (content analysis) and uses bibliographic approach. A researcher-designed checklist is used as data gathering tool, and the statistical population included the messages obtained from the printed material in 173 volumes of 8 Iranian popular magazines. 10 most frequent messages were identified, and their scientific authenticity was investigated using Pubmed and IranMedex databases. The SPSS Software version 24 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York, USA) was applied in the analysis of this work.Results: The findings indicated that preventive trends had the highest (86.8%) and the treatments had the lowest (4.2%) frequency. Concerning the type of cancer, more than half (51.2%) of the conclusions were about cancer. Regarding authorship, 68% of articles were author signed, but the profession of 66.4% of the authors was not clear. Regarding references, only 25.4% of the articles had validated references.Conclusion: It is revealed that 70% of the “nutrition information” related to cancer which was published in the popular magazines during 2012, considered to be acceptable according to scientific medical information sources. Although in some cases, the amount of evidence is not sufficient. Finally, it could be deduced that the nutrition information published in the Iranian popular magazines are still credible.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):27-27
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_85_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Promoting evidence-informed policymaking through capacity enhancement in
           implementation research for health researchers and policymakers in
           Nigeria: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Abel Ebeh Ezeoha, Henry Chukwuemeka Uro-Chukwu
      Pages: 28 - 28
      Abstract: Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Abel Ebeh Ezeoha, Henry Chukwuemeka Uro-Chukwu
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):28-28
      Background: Capacity constraints on implementation research among policymakers and researchers are a major challenge to the evidence to policy link. This study was designed to bring together senior policymakers and researchers in Nigeria to consider issues around research-to-policy interface and enhance their capacity on implementation research.Methods: The design was a cross-sectional study. A 3-day joint implementation research workshop was held for policymakers and researchers using World Health Organization/TDR Implementation Research Toolkit. Assessment of participants' capacity for evidence-informed policymaking and knowledge on implementation research was done using a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire. A postworkshop key informant interview was also conducted.Results: A total of 20 researchers and 15 policymakers participated in the study. The interaction/partnership between policymakers and researchers was generally rare in terms of priority-setting process, involvement as coinvestigators, and executing strategies to support policymakers' use of research findings. The mean ratings (MNRs) recorded mostly ranged from 1.80 to 1.89 on the 5-point scale. Researchers were rarely involved in the generation of policy-relevant research that satisfies policymakers' needs with MNR very low at 1.74. The MNRs for capacity to acquire, assess, and adapt research were generally considerably higher among researchers (3.16–3.82) than policymakers (2.27–3.20). There was a general consensus that the training tremendously improved participants' understanding and use of implementation research.Conclusion: Policymakers and researchers are increasingly recognizing their need to work with each other in the interest of the health systems. There is a need to create more capacity enhancement platforms that will facilitate the interface between them.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):28-28
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_103_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effect of distance learning via SMS on academic achievement and
           satisfaction of medical students

    • Authors: Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Shadi Reissizadeh Mobarakeh, Athar Omid
      Pages: 29 - 29
      Abstract: Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Shadi Reissizadeh Mobarakeh, Athar Omid
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):29-29
      Introduction: Recently, medical education has made significant progress, and medical teachers are trying to find methods that have most impressive effects on learning. One of the useful learning methods is student active participation. One of the helpful teaching aids in this method is mobile technology. The present study aimed to determine the effect of sending educational questions through short message service (SMS) on academic achievement and satisfaction of medical students and compare that with lecture teaching.Subjects and Methods: In an semi-experimental, two chapters of urology reference book, Smiths General Urology 17th edition, were taught to 47 medical students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in urology course in 2013 academic year. Kidney tumors chapter was educated by sending questions through SMS, and bladder tumors part was taught in a lecture session. For each method, pretest and posttest were held, each consisting of thirty multiple choice questions. To examine the knowledge retention, a test session was held on the same terms for each chapter, 1 month later. At the end, survey forms were distributed to assess student's satisfaction with SMS learning method. Data were analyzed through using SPSS 20.Results: The findings demonstrated a statistically significant difference between the two learning methods in the medication test scores. Evaluation of the satisfaction showed 78.72% of participants were not satisfied.Conclusions: The results of the study showed that distance learning through SMS in medical students could lead to increase knowledge, however, it was not effective on their satisfaction.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):29-29
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_116_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Medical students&#39; perceptions of small group teaching
           effectiveness in hybrid curriculum

    • Authors: Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Shivananda Nayak, Vincent Rodrigues
      Pages: 30 - 30
      Abstract: Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Shivananda Nayak, Vincent Rodrigues
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):30-30
      Objectives: The objective of this study was designed to investigate medical students' perceptions of small group teaching effectiveness in a hybrid curriculum.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted at the School of Medicine, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine where we collected the data from 195 undergraduate students. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 25 items was used to measure students' perception on the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) with regard to learning experience, teamwork, confidence, communication skills, and role of the tutor. Statistical analyses included mean and standard deviation for the description of each item; t-test to compare the mean scores for gender and class year, and one-way analysis of variance between groups for age group comparisons.Results: The students overall perceptions of small group teaching effectiveness showed that the PBL sessions were beneficial to their learning process (mean: 3.63 ± 0.46). Students have positive perceptions toward small group effectiveness, particularly in learning experience (mean: 3.98 ± 0.63) and teamwork (mean: 3.67 ± 0.58). The mean scores, measuring teamwork, for 2nd year students was significantly higher than that for 1st year students (3.76 ± 0.55 and 3.55 ± 0.60 respectively, P = 013). A similar significant trend was observed between 2nd year and 1st year students on communication skills (3.48 ± 0.67 and 3.29 ± 0.55, respectively, P = 0.046).Conclusions: PBL is an effective small group teaching method for medical students. Faculty development and students' training programs are required before implementing PBL.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):30-30
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_71_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Empowerment of women and mental health improvement with a Preventive
           approach

    • Authors: Shahin Shooshtari, MR Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
      Pages: 31 - 31
      Abstract: Shahin Shooshtari, MR Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):31-31
      Aim and Background: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations.Methods: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016–March 2017). Samples were selected heterogeneously. The interview transcripts and codes were presented to the participants, and structural analysis was used for data evaluation.Results: The factors related to empowerment of women with consideration to their mental health were determined based on Longew theory and interviews and include: welfare (primary needs (biological and security) and developmental needs (social needs and dignity), access (facilities and values), knowledge (about inequalities and rights), participation (in politics, decision-making and society), and control (implementation and institutionalization of the above-mentioned needs).Conclusions: The indicators determined in this study show that empowerment has an important role in determining women's real position in society. Since women make up half of the population and affect society as a whole, the advantages of empowerment of women will be felt in the entire society.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):31-31
      PubDate: Fri,9 Feb 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_72_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • #FOAMems: Engaging paramedics with free, online open-access education

    • Authors: Paige Mason, Alan M Batt
      Pages: 32 - 32
      Abstract: Paige Mason, Alan M Batt
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):32-32
      Background and Aim: Twitter® use among paramedics and other prehospital care clinicians is on the rise and is increasingly being used as a platform for continuing education and international collaboration. In 2014, the hashtag #FOAMems was registered. It is used for the sharing of emergency medical services, paramedicine, and prehospital care-related content. It is a component of the 'free open-access meducation' (FOAM) movement. The aim of this study was to characterize and evaluate the content of #FOAMems tweets since registration.Materials and Methods: An analytical report for #FOAMems was generated on symplur.com from February 4, 2014, to April 30, 2017. A transcript of all #FOAMems tweets for a randomly selected 1 month period (October 2015) was generated, and quantitative content analysis was performed by two reviewers. Tweets were categorized according to source (original tweet/retweet) and whether referenced. The top 92 tweeters were analyzed for professional identity.Results: During the study period, there were over 99,000 tweets containing #FOAMems, by over 9,200 participants. These resulted in almost 144 million impressions. Of the top 92 tweeters, 50 were paramedics (54%). Tweets were mainly related to cardiac (23%), leadership (19%), and trauma (14%). The 1-month period resulted in 649 original tweets, with 2110 retweets; 1070 of these were referenced.Conclusion: Paramedics are engaging with both clinical and nonclinical content on Twitter® using #FOAMems. Social media resources are widely shared, which is in line with the FOAM movement's philosophy. However, opportunities exist for paramedics to share further diverse resources supported by referenced material.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):32-32
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_84_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy a clinical trial to increase
           self-efficacy in abused the primary school children

    • Authors: Vahid Farina, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Nasrin Abdoli, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani, Behrad Basanj, Ali Zakiei
      Pages: 33 - 33
      Abstract: Vahid Farina, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Nasrin Abdoli, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani, Behrad Basanj, Ali Zakiei
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):33-33
      Background: Child abuse and violence toward children has become a complex phenomenon in nowadays societies leaving hurt children with numerous complications such as lowered self-efficacy. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the effect of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) in physically abused children self-efficacy.Materials and Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial. From this statistical population of all abused children aged 9–12 in Kermanshah in 2016–2017, 40 were divided into intervention and control groups randomly. Tools used in this study were Maurice self-efficacy questionnaire and child abuse questionnaire. Data analysis was done using Chi-square test, paired t-test, and independent t-test.Results: It was revealed that the mean difference between two groups was not meaningful before intervention. After TF-CBT in intervention group, self-efficacy mean scores of social (17.95 vs. 24.20) and emotional (15.05 vs. 19.05) domains showed meaningful differences, whereas academic self-efficacy mean score did not change significantly (14.10 vs. 14.65) (P < 0.086). In control group, social (16.20 vs. 15.55), emotional (13.90 vs. 14.35), and academic (13.40 vs. 13.90) mean self-efficacy scores were not of significant difference (P > 0.001).Conclusions: TF-CBT can be used as an appropriate therapy intervention to improve social and emotional self-efficacy in abused children.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):33-33
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_80_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The relationship between anthropometric index and primary dysmenorehea in
           female high school students

    • Authors: Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkamannejad Sabzevari, Sedigheh Rastaghi, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
      Pages: 34 - 34
      Abstract: Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkamannejad Sabzevari, Sedigheh Rastaghi, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):34-34
      Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea, painful menstruation without pelvic pathologic complications, is one of the most common problems in women's gynecology and is one of the main causes for women referring to the clinic. Overweight and obesity may play a role in the etiology of primary dysmenorrhea. As a result, this study was conducted to determine the association between primary dysmenorrhea and anthropometric indices in female high school Students.Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 high school female students with primary dysmenorrhea in 2017 in Sabzevar. Anthropometric indicators were considered by the students if they had entry criteria. Data analysis was done using SPSS software.Results: The results of data analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the presence of dysmenorrhea and anthropometric indices at height P = 0.05, waist circumference P = 0.03, waist circumference with height P = 0.01, height to waist circumference P = 0.01, thigh circumference to height P = 0.04, height to thigh circumference P = 0.04, waist circumference to hip circumference P = 0.04, hip circumference to hip circumference P = 0.05, and No significant relationship was found between the other indicators.Conclusion: Adherence to a balanced diet and proper lifestyle can prevent dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):34-34
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_117_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Gender preference between traditional and PowerPoint methods of teaching
           gross anatomy

    • Authors: Saleh Nuhu, Lawan Hassan Adamu, Mohammed Alhaji Buba, Sani Hyedima Garba, Babagana Mohammed Dalori, Ashiru Hassan Yusuf
      Pages: 35 - 35
      Abstract: Saleh Nuhu, Lawan Hassan Adamu, Mohammed Alhaji Buba, Sani Hyedima Garba, Babagana Mohammed Dalori, Ashiru Hassan Yusuf
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):35-35
      Introduction: Teaching and learning process is increasingly metamorphosing from the traditional chalk and talk to the modern dynamism in the information and communication technology. Medical education is no exception to this dynamism more especially in the teaching of gross anatomy, which serves as one of the bases of understanding the human structure.Objective: This study was conducted to determine the gender preference of preclinical medical students on the use of traditional (chalk and talk) and PowerPoint presentation in the teaching of gross anatomy.Subjects and Methods: This was cross-sectional and prospective study, which was conducted among preclinical medical students in the University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. Using simple random techniques, a questionnaire was circulated among 280 medical students, where 247 students filled the questionnaire appropriately. The data obtained was analyzed using SPSS version 20 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA) to find the method preferred by the students among other things.Results: Majority of the preclinical medical students in the University of Maiduguri preferred PowerPoint method in the teaching of gross anatomy over the conventional methods. The Cronbach alpha value of 0.76 was obtained which is an acceptable level of internal consistency. A statistically significant association was found between gender and preferred method of lecture delivery on the clarity of lecture content where females prefer the conventional method of lecture delivery whereas males prefer the PowerPoint method, On the reproducibility of text and diagram, females prefer PowerPoint method of teaching gross anatomy while males prefer the conventional method of teaching gross anatomy.Conclusion: There are gender preferences with regard to clarity of lecture contents and reproducibility of text and diagram. It was also revealed from this study that majority of the preclinical medical students in the University of Maiduguri prefer PowerPoint presentation over the traditional chalk and talk method in most of the questions ask.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):35-35
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_63_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A comparative study on the effect of “black cohosh” and
           “evening primrose oil” on menopausal hot flashes

    • Authors: Maryam Mehrpooya, Soghra Rabiee, Amir Larki-Harchegani, Amir-Mohammad Fallahian, Abbas Moradi, Sara Ataei, Masoumeh Taravati Javad
      Pages: 36 - 36
      Abstract: Maryam Mehrpooya, Soghra Rabiee, Amir Larki-Harchegani, Amir-Mohammad Fallahian, Abbas Moradi, Sara Ataei, Masoumeh Taravati Javad
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):36-36
      Introduction: Hot flashes are considered to be a common experience for menopausal women and they can compromise the quality of life. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of Cimicifuga racemosa in comparison with evening primrose oil (EPO) in postmenopausal women with menopause-related symptoms.Materials and Methods: This study was performed on 80 postmenopausal women with hot flashes. The participants were randomly divided into two groups by blocked randomization. The participants of one group received black cohosh and the other group received EPO for 8 weeks. The severity and number of hot flashes and quality of life were measured by four-point scale, and the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) questionnaire at pre-intervention, 1st, 4th, and 8th weeks after treatment. Data were analyzed in SPSS Version 16 using independent t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test.Results: Average severity of hot flashes in both groups and number of hot flashes in black cohosh group in 8th week were significantly lower than 1st week (P < 0.001), but number of hot flashes in primrose oil group in 8th week showed no significant differences (P = 0.32). The number of hot flashes and quality of life score in black cohosh arm compared to EPO showed a significant decrease in the 8th week (P < 0.05). All MENQOL scores were significantly improved in two groups (P < 0.05), but the percentage of improvement in black cohosh arm was significantly superior to EPO group.Conclusion: Both herbs were effective in reduction of severity of hot flashes and improvement of the quality of life, but it seems that black cohosh is more effective than primrose oil because it was able to reduce the number of hot flashes too.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):36-36
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_81_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effect of an eye health promotion program on the health protective
           behaviors of primary school students

    • Authors: Nukhet Kirag, Ayla Bayik Temel
      Pages: 37 - 37
      Abstract: Nukhet Kirag, Ayla Bayik Temel
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):37-37
      Introduction: Undiagnosed and uncorrected refractive errors in childhood can negatively affect the development of vision and cause students to have low academic success and even quit school before graduation. This study aims to determine the effects of an eye health promotion program on the health protective behaviors of primary school students.Materials and Methods: This experimental study using a pretest-posttest design with a control group was conducted in three public primary schools in Aydın, a city in the Western Anatolia Region of Turkey, between April and November 2014. The eye health promotion program was provided by the researchers to the experimental Group 2 days in 4 weeks. The data were analyzed using the t-test, Chi-square analysis, the Mann–Whitney U-test, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the McNemar test.Results: The average age of the students was identified as 9.0 ± 3.64 years. The students wearing glasses all in the experimental group and 53.3% in the control group were found to always wear their glasses after the education program was completed (P < 0.05). These students, 97.9% in the experimental group and 58.1% in the control group underwent eye examinations from an ophthalmologist (P < 0.05). The eye health protective behaviors of the experimental group were found to have positively changed in the final follow-up, compared to the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion: The eye health promotion program was found to be effective in improving eye health protective behaviors within the experimental group.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):37-37
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_67_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The role of perceived barrier in the postpartum women's health
           promoting lifestyle: A partial mediator between self-efficacy and health
           promoting lifestyle

    • Authors: Khadijeh Hajimiri, Elham Shakibazadeh, Ali Asghar Haeri Mehrizi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Roya Sadeghi
      Pages: 38 - 38
      Abstract: Khadijeh Hajimiri, Elham Shakibazadeh, Ali Asghar Haeri Mehrizi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Roya Sadeghi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):38-38
      Introduction: In recent decades, the focuses of health studies were mostly in middle-aged women, and few studies have investigated the lifestyle of women after delivery. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of both self-efficacy and perceived barriers on Iranian women health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) in the first 1 year after childbirth.Materials and Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, 310 women at first-year postpartum were surveyed in Zanjan (Iran) in 2016. The proportionate stratified random sampling method was carried out to select a participant. HPL has assessed with HPL profile II questionnaire. Self-efficacy was assessed using self-rated abilities for health practices scale. Perceived barriers were assessed by Barriers to Health-promoting Activities for Disabled Person scale. A meditational model was used to examine whether perceived barriers mediates between perceived self-efficacy and HPL.Results: The participants mean age was 29.82 (5.1) years, 53.9% were primiparous, and most of them were homemakers (82.9%). The mean total score of HPL was 2.50 (0.29). The relationship between HPL and self-efficacy was mediated by perceived barriers partially.Discussion: Self-efficacy, not only promotes women's HPL but also indirectly affect the women's lifestyle by reducing perceived barriers.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):38-38
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_70_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Opportunities and challenges of resident specialists' attendance plan
           guidelines (health-care transformation plan) in Isfahan university
           hospitals in 2015

    • Authors: Reza Moradi, Saeid Karimi, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Zakaria Kiaei, Elaheh Mazaheri
      Pages: 39 - 39
      Abstract: Reza Moradi, Saeid Karimi, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Mohammad Zakaria Kiaei, Elaheh Mazaheri
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):39-39
      Background: Given new reforms in Iran's health-care system and due to the need for gathering evidence regarding the implementation of this plan, this study aimed to investigate opportunities and challenges created by resident specialist attendance plan guidelines in university hospitals.Materials and Methods: This study used the qualitative method. Semi-structured interviews were used for data gathering. The study population included all experts of Isfahan University of Medical Science. Sampling was carried out using purposeful sampling method and continued until data saturation was reached. In total, 16 experts were interviewed. Criteria such as “reliability of information,” “trustworthiness,” and “verifiability of the information” were considered. Interviewees were assured that their names would keep hidden and that all information is confidential. Subject analysis method was used for data analysis.Results: The findings of this study based on subject analysis led to extracting three themes in regards of challenges in the implementation of resident (specialist or fellowship) plan in hospitals including structural, management, and resource challenges and one theme in the area of opportunities which were improved quality and timely provision of services.Conclusion: The findings showed that despite the strengths of this guideline, there are some fundamental challenges in various areas and need better attention by national level policymakers. These results help health-care policymakers to evaluate the problem with a better attitude and improve the necessary plans for implementation of these guidelines.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):39-39
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_76_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Neck, back, and shoulder pains and ergonomic factors among dental students

    • Authors: Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
      Pages: 40 - 40
      Abstract: Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):40-40
      Background: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences. A convenient sample of 199 students who met the inclusion criteria was selected and those willing to participate signed an informed consent form. Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire for ergonomic factors and the presence of pain. The variables evaluated were pain, affected zones, gender, postures, and work environment.Results: The present research work reveals that over 69% of the dental students complained of pain in at least one part of their body. Most individuals suffered from hand and elbow (23%) and head (19%) pain. The clinical areas where more pain was found were endodontics and pedodontics. Furthermore, it was found that a high percentage of students usually worked with their legs slightly separated, with the sole of the feet resting on the stool when working. The presence of muscular pain was higher in males in this study. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant relationship with the final Rapid Entire Body Assessment score in different body parts and the participants' demographic data (sex, age, weight, height, sports, and smoking).Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the students' sitting positions and working environments need to be improved and it seems more training is necessary in this field.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):40-40
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_80_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress,
           anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers

    • Authors: Saeideh Nasiri, Hossein Akbari, Leila Tagharrobi, Akram Sadat Tabatabaee
      Pages: 41 - 41
      Abstract: Saeideh Nasiri, Hossein Akbari, Leila Tagharrobi, Akram Sadat Tabatabaee
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):41-41
      Background: If anxiety and depression do not detect in pregnant women, they may cause complications for the mother, child, and family, including postpartum depression. With regard to the administrative capability of relaxation in health centers, this study was conducted to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women.Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women in the city of Kashan at 28–36 weeks. At the onset of the study, demographic questionnaire, Edinburgh Depression Scale, and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were completed. Providing obtaining score of mild-to-moderate in the stress, anxiety, and depression scale and score of 10 or higher in Edinburgh Depression Scale, individuals were divided randomized to the intervention group (n = 33) and control group (n = 33). DASS-21 was again completed in the 4th–7th weeks of beginning of the study by all women.Results: Analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated significant differences in mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression at three different times in relaxation group (P < 0.05) whereas found no significant differences in the mean of scores of stress, anxiety, and depression in the control group.Conclusions: In this study, relaxation could reduce stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women during six sessions. Due to the simplicity and low cost of this technique, it can be used to reduce stress and anxiety in pregnant women and improve pregnancy outcomes.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):41-41
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_158_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A comparative study of maternal-neonate abdominal and kangaroo
           (skin-to-skin) skin contact immediately after birth on maternal attachment
           behaviors up to 2 months

    • Authors: Mohadse Adeli, Maryam Aradmehr
      Pages: 42 - 42
      Abstract: Mohadse Adeli, Maryam Aradmehr
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):42-42
      Background: Early skin-to-skin maternal–neonate contact during the 1st h following birth prepares both mother and baby to establish a two-way, interactive pattern of interaction. There are few studies on the use of kangaroo care method in term infants and maternal postpartum behavior.Objective: The present study aimed to compare abdominal and kangaroo skin contact on maternal attachment behaviors.Settings and Design: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 68 eligible pregnant women in Torbat Heydariyeh in 2015.Materials and Methods: Individuals were randomly divided into experimental groups (kangaroo skin contact) and control group (abdominal skin contact). Maternal attachment behaviors were observed for 15 min during 1 h postpartum. Each minute was divided into two 30 s, during the first and second 30 s of which the maternal behavior was observed and recorded using a checklist of behavior. Attachment behaviors were assessed using an attachment behavior checklist (including three types of emotional, proximity-seeking, and caring behaviors).Statistical Analysis Used: After data coding, the analysis was performed using Kruskal–Wallis test, Chi-square test, t-test, and Mann–Whitney test in SPSS ver. 14. P < 0.05 was considered the significant level.Results: Among emotional, proximity-seeking, and caring behaviors 1 h and 2 months' postpartum in the two groups, only proximity-seeking behaviors were significantly different 2 months' postpartum (P = 0.033). The attachment behavior of 1 h (0.134) and 2 months' postpartum (0.051) did not differ significantly between the two groups.Conclusions: Kangaroo skin contact has an effect, similar to the abdominal skin contact, on the maternal attachment behaviors and has a positive effect on proximity-seeking behaviors and some components of emotional behaviors compared to abdominal skin contact.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):42-42
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_46_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Psychophysiological effects of yoga on stress in college students

    • Authors: Mahesh Narain Tripathi, Sony Kumari, Tikhe Sham Ganpat
      Pages: 43 - 43
      Abstract: Mahesh Narain Tripathi, Sony Kumari, Tikhe Sham Ganpat
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):43-43
      College students are vulnerable to a critical period in developmental maturation, facing rigorous academic work, and learning how to function independently. Physical activities such as running and bicycling have been shown to improve mood and relieve stress. However, college students often have low levels of physical activity. Yoga is an ancient physical and mental activity that affects mood and stress. However, studies examining the psychophysiological effects of yoga are rare in peer-reviewed journals. The aim of this study is to establish preliminary evidence for the psychophysiological effects of yoga on stress in young-adult college students. The present study suggests that yoga has positive effects on a psychophysiological level that leads to decreased levels of stress in college student. Further research is needed to examine the extent to which different types of yogic practices address the needs of different college subpopulations (e.g., overweight, sedentary, and smokers).
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):43-43
      PubDate: Thu,1 Mar 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_74_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Development of a method to assess compliance with ergonomic posture in
           dental students

    • Authors: Patr&#237;cia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia, Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
      Pages: 44 - 44
      Abstract: Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia, Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):44-44
      Context: The ergonomic posture protocol is extremely important for the maintenance of occupational health in dentistry. The lack of compliance with this protocol results in a high risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders.Aims: This study developed a direct observation method for the evaluation of dental student compliance with ergonomic posture protocol.Subjects and Methods: The method is named compliance assessment of dental ergonomic posture requirements (CADEP). During the development of the method, 14 items were elaborated considering the theory of dental ergonomics. Each item should be classified as appropriate, partially appropriate, or inappropriate. After evaluation, all item values should be added, and the final score expressed as the percent of compliance with correct postures, with a score range of 0%–100%.Statistical Analysis Used: The reliability of CADEP was assessed through intra- and interobserver reproducibility. For the CADEP application, 73 senior year students from the undergraduate course in dentistry were evaluated. The intra- and interexaminer concordance was estimated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ρ). A descriptive statistical analysis was performed.Results: The reproducibility of evaluator 1 (ρ =0.90; confidence interval [CI] 95%: 0.83–0.94), evaluator 2 (ρ = 0.83; CI 95%: 0.70–0.90), the interexaminer in the first evaluation (ρ = 0.81; CI 95%:0.67–0.89), and in the second one (ρ = 0.76; CI 95%: 0.59–0.87) was classified as good. In the analysis of the compliance, it was verified that moderate compliance was the most prevalent among the evaluated students (65.6%, CI 95%: 60.3%–70.7%).Conclusions: CADEP was valid and reliable for the assessment of dentistry students' compliance regarding ergonomic posture requirements.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):44-44
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_66_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and its correlates among
           people 35 years and older: Result from pilot phase of the Azar cohort
           study

    • Authors: Zohreh Ghorbani, Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Samad Ghaffari, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Farzad Najafipou, Nayyereh Aminisani
      Pages: 45 - 45
      Abstract: Zohreh Ghorbani, Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Samad Ghaffari, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Farzad Najafipou, Nayyereh Aminisani
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):45-45
      Background and Objective: There is remarkable alteration in hypertension prevalence and awareness, and their correlates among various geographic locations and ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to report hypertension prevalence, awareness, and its correlates as well as hypertension treatment, and control among Azari people aged 35 years and older.Materials and Methods: The pilot phase of the Azar Cohort Study; a state level of a nationwide PERSIAN cohort study was conducted in Khameneh city between October 2014 and January 2015. All people 35 years of age and above were invited to take part in this study. A comprehensive range of different biomarkers, lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, and health-related factors was collected. Blood pressure was measured by a trained nurse/midwife. Descriptive statistical methods were used to present general characteristics of the study population as frequency tables. Separate multiple logistic regression models were built to assess the predictors of hypertension prevalence.Results: A total of 1038 people were included in this study. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 22.9%. Awareness of hypertension was 60.5% and in those with known hypertension, 84% were using the antihypertensive medications, of those 68.5% had controlled hypertension. After adjustment; age (odds ratios [OR]adj= 1.12 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09–1.15), gender (ORadj= 1.65 95% CI: 1.08–2.51), obesity ORadj= 2.51 (1.40–4.88), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (ORadj= 1.70 (1.05–2.75), and comorbidities (ORadj= 2.51 (1.72–3.66) were independent predictors of hypertension.Conclusion: Age, sex, body mass index, WHR, and comorbidities were known as predictors of hypertension in this study, health promotion strategies including lifestyle modification to reduce overweight/obesity and secondary prevention programs for early detection of hypertension in high-risk groups according to age, gender, and disease profile are recommended.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):45-45
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_118_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Access to dental care among 15&#8211;64 year old people

    • Authors: Faezeh Eslamipour, Kamal Heydari, Marzieh Ghaiour, Hoda Salehi
      Pages: 46 - 46
      Abstract: Faezeh Eslamipour, Kamal Heydari, Marzieh Ghaiour, Hoda Salehi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):46-46
      Introduction: The current study aims to study people's access to oral and dental health-care services and their satisfaction with the services provided to them.Materials and Methods: A descriptive study with multi-stage sampling was conducted on 1360 people aged 16–64 years residing in Isfahan city, Iran. The required data were collected by a questionnaire which comprised of three main parts: demographic characteristics, patients' access to oral and dental health-care services and its barriers and participants' satisfaction with access to services. Data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software.Results: The results showed 40% of participants reported an average level for oral health, and 82% of them did not have any problems regarding access to dental care facilities. The main causes of their dissatisfaction were high cost of services (60%) and insufficient health insurance coverage (40%). About 73% reported that they had to spend 30 min or less to access to a dental health-care facility. In addition, 50% of participants were satisfied with the provided services. The main reported reasons for referring to dentists were oral and dental problems (69%) and regular check-ups (15%). There was no significant relationship between participants' gender, education level, insurance coverage, and access to dental health-care centers (P > 0.05).Conclusion: Most participants were satisfied with access to dental healthcare, but they were dissatisfied with the costs and inadequate insurance coverage. About half of the participants were satisfied with the services provided to them, and the highest level of satisfaction was reported for easy access to health-care centers.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):46-46
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_99_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Sleep hygiene among veterinary medical students

    • Authors: Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Luke B Borst, Mathew Gerard
      Pages: 47 - 47
      Abstract: Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Luke B Borst, Mathew Gerard
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):47-47
      Objective: The objective of this study was to better understand veterinary medical students' sleep hygiene and identify the extent to which sleep hygiene behaviors may result in consequences (either positive or negative) for students.Sample: A total of 187 doctor of veterinary medicine (DVM) program students at a large College of Veterinary Medicine in the United States.Methods: The Epworth Sleep Scale and Daytime Sleepiness Scale were administered to 393 students enrolled in the DVM program.Results: About 55.1% of students reported <7 h of sleep per night, 28.9% reported having trouble sleeping, and 50.3% reported feeling sleepy all day. With respect to sleep quality, 5.3% described it as excellent, 52.4% as good, 34.2% as fair, and 8.0% as poor.Conclusions: A significant percentage of veterinary medical students exhibit poor sleep hygiene habits that may be detrimental to both their health and academic endeavors.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):47-47
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_114_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Relationship between perceived social support and self-care behavior in
           type 2 diabetics: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Siamak Mohebi, Mahmoud Parham, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Zabihollah Gharlipour, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Fatemeh Rajati
      Pages: 48 - 48
      Abstract: Siamak Mohebi, Mahmoud Parham, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Zabihollah Gharlipour, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Fatemeh Rajati
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):48-48
      Background: Social support is one of the most effective factors on the diabetic self-care. This study aimed to assess social support and its relationship to self-care in type 2 diabetic patients in Qom, Iran.Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 325 diabetics attending the Diabetes Mellitus Association.Methods: Patients who meet inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected using random sampling method. Data were collected by the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, with hemoglobin A1C test. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and linear regression test, using 0.05 as the critical significance level, provided by SPSS software.Results: The mean and standard deviation of self-care and social support scores were 4.31 ± 2.7 and 50.32 ± 11.09, respectively. The mean level of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) of patients was 7.54. There was a significant difference between mean score of self-care behaviors and social support according to gender and marital status (P < 0.05). The regression analysis showed that disease duration was the only variable which had a significant effect on the level of HbA1C (P < 0.001). Pearson correlation coefficient indicated that self-care and social support significantly correlated (r = 0.489, P> 0.001) and also predictive power of social support was 0.28. Self-care was significantly better in diabetics with HbA1C ≤7%. Patients who had higher HbA1C felt less, but not significant, social support.Conclusions: This study indicated the relationship between social support and self-care behaviors in type 2 diabetic patients. Interventions that focus on improving the social support and self-care of diabetic control may be more effective in improving glycemic control.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):48-48
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_73_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Sexual expectations and needs of middle-aged women: A qualitative study

    • Authors: Mitra Reyhani, Ashraf Kazemi, Mahrokh Keshvari, Ziba Farajzadegan
      Pages: 49 - 49
      Abstract: Mitra Reyhani, Ashraf Kazemi, Mahrokh Keshvari, Ziba Farajzadegan
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):49-49
      Background: Securing a healthy sexual relationship during middle-agedness would cause new needs and expectations in women, considering the special changes of this period. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the sexual needs of middle-aged women.Methods: The present study was a qualitative study with content analysis approach. Participants were 15 middle-aged women; their expectations and needs about sexual relationship were gathered using in-depth semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using Graneheim and Lundman inductive content analysis.Results: The main themes that were appeared in the present study included “the need for information” with subcategories of “the need for information about physiologic changes” and “information about psychological changes;” “the need for sympathy” with subcategories of “the need for receiving appropriate feedback” and “appropriate space for expressing the emotions;” “the need for changing social norms” with subcategories of “accepting middle-agedness by the society” and “the need for changing the concept of femininity;” and finally “the need for repairing the sexual relationship” with subcategories of “solutions for solving sexual problems” and “paying attention to the new aspects of sexual relationship.”Conclusions: Results showed that middle-aged women have various sexual needs and expectations and paying attention to these needs and expectations could affect the improvement of the sexual and mental health of middle-aged women and their families.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):49-49
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_155_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Attitudes of undergraduate medical students toward mental illnesses and
           psychiatry

    • Authors: Nimisha D Desai, Paragkumar D Chavda
      Pages: 50 - 50
      Abstract: Nimisha D Desai, Paragkumar D Chavda
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):50-50
      Background: Worldwide, studies show negative attitude among medical students toward psychiatry and mental illness. The knowledge of the attitude and awareness of the undergraduate medical students toward psychiatry, mental health, and psychiatric disorders are most important as they are going to be involved in the care of these patients either directly or indirectly during the later years of their careers.Aim: This study aims to assess attitude toward psychiatry and mental illness among undergraduate medical students.Methodology: The responses of 67 medical students from the 6th semester (third professional year) batch who completed their 2-week clinical posting of psychiatry in 4th semester (i.e., second professional year) were collected using validated questionnaires, attitude towards mental illness (AMI), and attitude towards psychiatry (ATP) that assessed their attitudes to psychiatry and mental illness. Double data entry and validation were done using EpiData and analysis using Epi Info software.Results: Median AMI score was 54 (out of maximum 100) showing a neutral AMI. Median ATP score was 82 (out of maximum 150) also showing a neutral ATP. The theme-wise analysis showed that the attitude of students toward psychiatrist and psychiatry branch was relatively better compared to their AMI.Conclusion: Undergraduate students have a neutral attitude to psychiatry and mental illness. More efforts are needed to change the attitude to favorable side.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):50-50
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_87_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Survey of medical students' attitude and knowledge toward physical
           medicine and rehabilitation in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

    • Authors: Saeed Khosrawi, Hadis Ramezanian, Roya Mollabashi
      Pages: 51 - 51
      Abstract: Saeed Khosrawi, Hadis Ramezanian, Roya Mollabashi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):51-51
      Context: Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) is a specialized clinical field of musculoskeletal diseases and physical impairment that is unknown for most of the medical students.Aims: This study aimed to assess medical students' attitude and knowledge toward PMR and its role in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal diseases.Setting and Design: This cross-sectional study was done on 175 medical students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2016. Sample population was selected by random sampling among 350 students.Materials and Methods: Participants were evaluated by a research-made questionnaire with confirmed validity and reliability. This questionnaire included 36 questions divided in four parts including demographic data, knowledge, attitude, and performance ranking.Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Statistical test for quantitative and qualitative variables was carried out by mean ± standard deviation and percentage or number, respectively. For analyzing variables, Student's t-test and Chi-square test were used.Results: In this study, 150 medical students with a mean age of 24.48 ± 1.48 years participated of which 40% of them were male. The mean score of Student's knowledge about PMR and its role in diagnosis and treatment of disorders was 5.16 ± 1.90, and 91.3% had low level of knowledge. The mean score of student's attitude toward PMR and its role in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal problems was 3.33 ± 0.46, and 69.3% had attitude level above the average. Evaluation of student's performance showed that when they manage patients with musculoskeletal problems as general physician, they refer the patients to physiatrists at the first step if it is necessary.Conclusion: Understanding the factors influencing the attitudes and knowledge of medical students is prime to help establishing the roles, providing proper facilities, carrying out successful planning to train expert physicians and create a motivated environment in medical schools.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):51-51
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_180_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Study the relationship between medical sciences students' self-esteem
           and academic achievement of Guilan university of medical sciences

    • Authors: Maryam Mirzaee Jirdehi, Fariba Asgari, Rasool Tabari, Ehsan Kazemnejad Leyli
      Pages: 52 - 52
      Abstract: Maryam Mirzaee Jirdehi, Fariba Asgari, Rasool Tabari, Ehsan Kazemnejad Leyli
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):52-52
      Background: Achievement of productivity and improvement of quality in the educational system is the effective, influential factors for countries development. Academic achievement is the main objective of the training program and the most important concerns of teachers, education officials, and university Student's families. Self-esteem is one of the factors affecting student academic achievement. This study is aimed to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in Medical Sciences students of in 2014–2015.Subjects and Methods: This is a descriptive–correlational study. In this study, 537 university students were selected using random stratified sampling method from Guilan University of Medical Sciences in 2014–2015. Data were collected using the standard self-esteem questionnaire of Cooper Smith consisting of four elements (general, social, familial, and educational) and a demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21 and descriptive statistics such as Spearman correlation and Logistic Regression.Results: The results indicated a significant relationship between grade point average and educational self-esteem (P = 0.002, r = 0.135) and global self-esteem (P = 0.02, r = 0.102). There was also a significant relationship between composite Index educational status and general self-esteem (P = 0.019, r = 0.102) and academic achievement (P = 0.007, r = 0.116) and global self-esteem (P = 0.020, r = 0.102).Conclusions: According to the results, the highest mean score of self-esteem was related to the familial element, and the lowest average was in terms of social self-esteem, therefore, given the importance and necessity of self-esteem in academic achievement, strengthening of all aspects of self-esteem is suggested.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):52-52
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_136_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Studying the determinant factors leading to congenital heart disease in
           newborns

    • Authors: Mohammadhossein Arjmandnia, Mahsa Besharati, Sajad Rezvan
      Pages: 53 - 53
      Abstract: Mohammadhossein Arjmandnia, Mahsa Besharati, Sajad Rezvan
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):53-53
      Context: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an important cause of death during the 1st year of life and includes a special group of cardiac diseases that exist from birth. These conditions arise due to the abnormal development of an embryo's normal structures.Aims: A case–control study was conducted to investigate the determinant factors leading to CHD.Materials and Methods: All newborns who have been diagnosed with CHD upon echocardiography in 2013 were considered as cases. The number of samples required was randomly selected from the newborns who lacked CHD on cardiography. The mothers of both groups were handed the questionnaires.Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS 23 was employed to analyze the data.Results: A statistically significant association was seen between CHD and a positive family history (FH) (P < 0.001), consanguinity (P < 0.001), maternal diabetes (P = 0.004), the use of antiepileptics during the first 45 days of gestation (P = 0.002), and the mother's education status (P > 0.001). No significant association was observed between CHD in the newborn and the age below 20 and above 35 years and (P = 0.11), maternal body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.44), smoking during the first 45 days of gestation (P = 0.017), and maternal rheumatologic diseases (P = 0.4).Conclusions: Newborns are at a greater risk of having CHD born from mothers with a FH of CHD, from consanguineous marriages, history of diabetes, antiepileptic use, and lack of folic acid use. However, no significant associations were found between newborn CHD and maternal age, BMI, or cigarette smoking.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):53-53
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_146_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Long-term effect of massage therapy on blood pressure in prehypertensive
           women

    • Authors: Mahshid Givi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ameneh Eshghinezhad, Mahin Moeini, Zahra Ghasempour
      Pages: 54 - 54
      Abstract: Mahshid Givi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ameneh Eshghinezhad, Mahin Moeini, Zahra Ghasempour
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):54-54
      Background: Prehypertension is one of the cardiovascular disease predicators. Management of prehypertension is an appropriate objective for clinicians in a wide range of medical centers. Massage therapy is primarily nonpharmacological treatment that is used to control blood pressure (BP). This study intends to investigate the long-term effect of massage therapy on BP in prehypertensive women.Methods: This was a single-blind clinical trial study conducted on 50 prehypertensive women who referred to Sedigheh Tahereh Cardiovascular Center, during 6 months in 2009. Participants were selected by simple random sampling and were divided into control and intervention groups. The test group (25 patients) received massage for 10–15 min, three times a week for 10 sessions, and the control group (25 patients) was relaxed in the same environment but with no massage. Their BP was measured before and after each session and 72 h and 2 weeks after finishing the massage therapy. Analyzing the data was done using descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Chi-square, Mann–Whitney, paired t-test, and Student's t-test) through SPSS software version 18 and a significant level was considered as P < 0.05.Results: The results indicated that the mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) in the massage group were significantly lower in comparison with the control group (P < 0.001). Evaluation of durability of the massage effects on BP also indicated that 72 h after finishing the study, still there was a significant difference between the test and control groups in SBP and DBP (P < 0.001), but after 2 weeks, there was not a significant difference in SBP and DBP (P > 0.05) between the two groups.Conclusions: Although massage therapy seems to be a safe, effective, applicable, and cost-effective intervention to control BP of prehypertensive women, its effects do not persist for a long time.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):54-54
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_88_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Factors involved in selecting the birth type among primiparous women

    • Authors: Ali Safari-Moradabadi, Azin Alavi, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh, Tasnim Eghbal Eftekhaari, Sakineh Dadipoor
      Pages: 55 - 55
      Abstract: Ali Safari-Moradabadi, Azin Alavi, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh, Tasnim Eghbal Eftekhaari, Sakineh Dadipoor
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):55-55
      Background: Mortality and disability rates were reported to be respectively 2-3 and 5-10 times higher in C-sections compared to Vaginal delivery. Objectives: This study was aimed to explore the factors involved in selecting the birth type among primiparous women.Methods: The present cross-sectional research was conducted on 220 primiparous women, who visited the health-care centers of Bandar Abbas. They were recruited in their first trimester of pregnancy with a simple randomized clustering method. Data were collected in a researcher-designed questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by a panel of experts and reliability was tested and approved through the test–retest method. Mean, standard deviation, independent sample t-test, and Chi-squared tests for data analysis were done by SPSS 16. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: The mean age of the participants was 27.40 ± 6.07 years. The main barriers to the choice of vaginal delivery were the fear of pain and fear of vaginal area tears and ruptures, fear of injury to fetus, and doctor's recommendation. A statistically significant correlation was observed between the age, education, employment, income, awareness, and the reasons for preferring surgical childbirth.Conclusions: To reduce the rate of unnecessary cesarean sections (C-section), the following recommendations are suggested: Reducing fear of pain in expectant mothers, modifying wrong beliefs about the culture of natural childbirth, increasing awareness of fewer adverse effects of vaginal delivery including the vaginal tears if the mother abides by all midwife(s) instructions during the delivery procedure, providing educational courses for the necessary movements during the delivery, decreasing surgeons' payment for C-section, and increasing payment for natural childbirth and implementing barriers for optional delivery to reduce the C-section.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):55-55
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_150_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Food label reading: Read before you eat

    • Authors: Raksha Goyal, Neeta Deshmukh
      Pages: 56 - 56
      Abstract: Raksha Goyal, Neeta Deshmukh
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):56-56

      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):56-56
      PubDate: Tue,3 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_35_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • An investigation of the relationship between physical fitness,
           self-concept, and sexual functioning

    • Authors: Lia M Jiannine
      Pages: 57 - 57
      Abstract: Lia M Jiannine
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):57-57
      Background: Obesity and inactivity have led to an increasing number of individuals with sexual dysfunctions (43% of women; 31% of men). Small bouts of exercise can drastically improve sexual functioning. Thus, the present study is designed to examine the effects of physical fitness and self-concept on sexual functioning.Materials and Methods: Fitness assessments and questionnaires were administered to 133 participants between the ages of 18 and 50 years. Physical fitness was assessed through body composition, cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. Self-concept was presented as a total self-concept score and as six individual concepts of self. Sexual function was presented as both an aggregate score and five separate constructs of sexual functioning – fantasy/cognition, arousal, orgasm, behavior/experience, and drive/desire.Results: The results indicated that sexual behavior/experience was predicted by body fat percentage. In men, fantasy was related to total self-concept; sexual behavior/experience was related to likeability. In women, arousal was predicted by cardiovascular endurance. Total self-concept was related to both orgasm and sex drive/desire. Power and muscular strength were significantly related to number of sexual partners in women but not men.Conclusions: The present study adds to the growing body of evidence indicating a positive relationship between physical fitness and sexual health. Individuals with sexual dysfunctions, particularly women, who are not persuaded by the currently publicized benefits of physical activity, may be inclined to exercise to improve sexual functioning.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):57-57
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_157_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy and theory of
           mind: Improvement of posttraumatic growth and emotion regulation
           strategies

    • Authors: Vahid Farnia, Abdulzahra Naami, Yadollah Zargar, Iran Davoodi, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Ashraf Kazemi, Behrad Basanj, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani
      Pages: 58 - 58
      Abstract: Vahid Farnia, Abdulzahra Naami, Yadollah Zargar, Iran Davoodi, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Ashraf Kazemi, Behrad Basanj, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):58-58
      Background: Assessing various therapeutic methods with the intention to decrease the problems relevant to abused children is of high significance. Accordingly, the present study seeks to compare the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF.CBT) with an emphasis on the theory of mind on posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies in abused children.Materials and Methods: This quasi-randomized clinical trial study was done on 39 abused children who referred to welfare organization centers in Ahvaz – Iran. After randomized allocation, the TF. CBT and theory of mind method were implemented for two groups. Before and after the interventions, posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies were assessed with using Kilmer's posttraumatic growth inventory and Garnefski emotional regulation questionnaire.Results: The study findings indicated that the mean of the posttraumatic growth and adaptive and maladaptive emotional regulation strategies in the TF.CBT group was significantly higher than that of other study groups (P < 0.001).Conclusion: TF.CBT can lead to increased levels of posttraumatic growth and improve emotional regulation strategies in abused children. Theory of mind method can also be effective in improving emotional regulation strategies.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):58-58
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_140_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The codification of spiritual intelligence measurement model in
           librarianship and medical information science students of medical
           universities in Iran

    • Authors: Zarrin Zarrinabadi, Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Nasrolah Erfani, Mohsen Ahmadi Tahour Soltani
      Pages: 59 - 59
      Abstract: Zarrin Zarrinabadi, Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Nasrolah Erfani, Mohsen Ahmadi Tahour Soltani
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):59-59
      Introduction: According to the research mission of the librarianship and information sciences field, it is necessary to have the ability to communicate constructively between the user of the information and information in these students, and it appears more important in medical librarianship and information sciences because of the need for quick access to information for clinicians. Considering the role of spiritual intelligence in capability to establish effective and balanced communication makes it important to study this variable in librarianship and information students. One of the main factors that can affect the results of any research is conceptual model of measure variables. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was codification of spiritual intelligence measurement model.Methods: This correlational study was conducted through structural equation model, and 270 students were opted from library and medical information students of nationwide medical universities by simple random sampling and responded to the King spiritual intelligence questionnaire (2008). Initially, based on the data, the model parameters were estimated using maximum likelihood method; then, spiritual intelligence measurement model was tested by fit indices. Data analysis was performed by Smart-Partial Least Squares software.Results: Preliminary results showed that due to the positive indicators of predictive association and t-test results for spiritual intelligence parameters, the King measurement model has the acceptable fit and internal correlation of the questionnaire items was significant. Composite reliability and Cronbach's alpha of parameters indicated high reliability of spiritual intelligence model.Conclusions: The spiritual intelligence measurement model was evaluated, and results showed that the model has a good fit, so it is recommended that domestic researchers use this questionnaire to assess spiritual intelligence.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):59-59
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_78_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Breastfeeding awareness and perception among antenatal mothers: A
           cross-sectional study in urban slum population of Bhubaneswar, Odisha

    • Authors: Ipsa Mohapatra, Adrija Roy
      Pages: 60 - 60
      Abstract: Ipsa Mohapatra, Adrija Roy
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):60-60
      Introduction: Breast milk provides nutritional, immunological, behavioral, and economic benefits and helps to build mother-infant bonding. Antenatal mothers need to be sufficiently aware about the benefits of breastfeeding.Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and perception of breastfeeding among antenatal mothers and to find out any association between sociodemographic factors and breastfeeding awareness.Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 antenatal women residing in the urban slums of field-practice area of urban health and training center; using a predesigned, pretested, semi-structured interview schedule. Antenatal checkup followed by one to one counseling for the women regarding breastfeeding was provided. Data were represented by frequencies, proportions, and associations using Chi-square, and the P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: Most (55.6%) of the women were in the age group of 18–24 years. The mean age at marriage was 19.2 ± 2.5 years. 81.2% of them were Hindus, 13.2% had adequate, 49.6% had moderately adequate, whereas 37.2% women had inadequate awareness about breastfeeding. About 100% intended to breastfeed their children, but only 64% said that they intended to exclusively breastfeed. 66.4% knew about the importance of colostrum. Age-group, religion, literacy, occupation, type of family, gravida, and number of antenatal visits showed highly significant (P < 0.001) association with awareness of breastfeeding.Conclusion: Nearly one-third of the antenatal mothers lacked awareness on breastfeeding practices. Although all intended to breastfeed, still only 64% knew about exclusive breastfeeding. These gaps need to be addressed by awareness generation activities during antenatal counseling.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):60-60
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_98_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Quality of life predictors in physically disabled people

    • Authors: Fatemeh Rajati, Hosein Ashtarian, Nader Salari, Masood Ghanbari, Zahra Naghibifar, Seyed Younes Hosseini
      Pages: 61 - 61
      Abstract: Fatemeh Rajati, Hosein Ashtarian, Nader Salari, Masood Ghanbari, Zahra Naghibifar, Seyed Younes Hosseini
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):61-61
      Background: Physically disabled people experience more restrictions in social activities than healthy people, which are associated with lower level of well-being and poor quality of life (QoL).Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conductedMethods: This study was investigated on among 302 eligible physically disabled people. The predictive role of the demographics and clinical characteristics, anxiety and depression, physical activity, and self-efficacy on the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was examined.Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis used univariate and multivariate regression models.Results: Gender, self-reported physical activity levels, use of the disability aid tools, and depression were significantly predictors of the physical component summary (PCS) (R2 = 0.20, P < 0.001). We realized that anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy could significantly predict the mental component summary (MCS) (R2 = 0.43, P < 0.001).Conclusions: Study results revealed that four and three variables could predict 20% and 43% of PCS and MCS variations, respectively. These findings warranted the detection of QoL risk factors and establishment of targeted interventions to optimize the health-related QoL among physically disabled people.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):61-61
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_115_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Establishing the reference value for “timed up-and-go” test in
           healthy adults of Gujarat, India

    • Authors: Nency Khant, Vyoma Bharat Dani, Purvi Patel, Rachana Rathod
      Pages: 62 - 62
      Abstract: Nency Khant, Vyoma Bharat Dani, Purvi Patel, Rachana Rathod
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):62-62
      Context: Timed up-and-go (TUG) test is a valid, reliable, and an objective test for quantifying functional mobility and assessing the fall risk in all age groups. The analysis of patient scores on TUG test is limited by lack of data, having a wide range of performance scores among people without disabilities.Aim: The objective of the study was to provide the reference value for TUG test in healthy individuals of Gujarat, India.Subjects and Methods: It was a cross-sectional observational study. Five hundred and twenty healthy individuals, aged 40–70 years, were recruited from various regions of Gujarat based on convenient sampling. All the participants were made to perform TUG test in a controlled environment in community. Three readings of the actual test were obtained and averaged.Results: Data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, confidence intervals (CIs 95%) and Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) with α = 0.05 by age groups (40–50, 51–60, and 61–70 years) and gender. The mean (CI 95%) TUG time for healthy adults of Gujarat was 8.46 (8.35–8.57) s and demonstrated age-related decline for both male and female participants. TUG time also demonstrated strong correlation with the height of individuals.Conclusion: This preliminary data can be used as a reference only for specific population with specific age groups due to variability in test results among the different population due to age, gender, anthropometric measures such as height, weight, and body mass index, geographical variation, nutritional support, and cognitive status.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):62-62
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_12_18
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Family outreach and empowerment program: Health promotion model for
           medical students

    • Authors: Rizma Adlia Syakurah, Shabrina Yunita Adzani, Alzena Dwi Saltike, Dhiya Silvi Ramadhini
      Pages: 63 - 63
      Abstract: Rizma Adlia Syakurah, Shabrina Yunita Adzani, Alzena Dwi Saltike, Dhiya Silvi Ramadhini
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):63-63
      Introduction: Providing health promotion and communication learning opportunities for medical students practising their theoretical information into action, addressing the health problems, and trying to find suitable and feasible interventions is very much neededto learn and experience directly about healthrelated behavior in the community. Health promotion practice of PRECEDE-PROCEED model, is used as the foundation of this Family Outreach and Empowerment Program (FOEP). This study aims to implement and evaluate FOEP as an effective health promotion learning model for undergraduate medical students.Methods: Two hundred and forty-four medical students joined the program for the whole weeks. The reports were evaluated to assess their activities throughout the process. Evaluation was done using the assessment checklists based on PRECEDE-PROCEED framework. Data collected from the assessment will be processed and analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 program.Results: Two hundred and forty-four report's has been evaluated, the report's scores in the category very good is 136, good 64, enough 26, bad 12 and very bad 6. The main problem in FOEP is behavior (37,6%) and the most alternate intervention choosen is education (232).Discussion: The most intervention used by students for FOEP was education because it has been proven that can demonstrate feasibility, effectivity, increase knowledge control, and self-efficacy among disease.Conclusion: Student's reports was already satisfied.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):63-63
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_129_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Factors associated with premenstrual syndrome in female high school
           students

    • Authors: Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkmannejad Sabzevary, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
      Pages: 64 - 64
      Abstract: Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkmannejad Sabzevary, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):64-64
      Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the emergence of periodic one or more symptoms of symptoms before menstruation and in the first few days of menstruation. Lifestyle is one of the series of factors that affect the health of people. Activity, smoking, and food intake are factors associated with lifestyle, and evidence suggests that women and girls with PMS do not have an adequate life span. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with PMS in female high school students.Methods: This cross-sectional correlation study was conducted in 200 female high school students in Sabzevar city using multistage random sampling in the academic year of 2016–2017. Data gathering tools include the temporary diagnostic questionnaire of the PMS, and Beck Depression questionnaire; the nonresonant tape was accurate to 0.1 cm and the digital scale was accurate to 0.1 kg. We analyzed the data using SPSS software and Mann–Whitney U-test.Results: The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between PMS and fried foods (P = 0.017), sweet drink (P = 0.018), fast food (P = 0.048), fruit (P = 0.012), no habitual exercise (P = 0.006), family history of PMS (P = 0.002), hip circumference (P = 0.04), and body mass index (P = 0.04).Conclusion: There is a relationship between PMS and some anthropometric indices and nutritional/metabolic factors. Therefore, having a proper lifestyle is effective in reducing PMS.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):64-64
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_126_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The effect of educational package on sexual function in cold temperament
           women of reproductive age

    • Authors: Nasim Baradaran-Akbarzadeh, Mahin Tafazoli, Morteza Mojahedi, Seyed Reza Mazlom
      Pages: 65 - 65
      Abstract: Nasim Baradaran-Akbarzadeh, Mahin Tafazoli, Morteza Mojahedi, Seyed Reza Mazlom
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):65-65
      Introduction: Sexual health is one of the key factors to sustain marital life and having a good sexual function. On the other hand, temperament affects sexual function. Training is also one of the basic foundations for promoting sexual health. Therefore, the researcher has designed and implemented a study (2017) aimed “determining the study of educational package on sexual function in cold temperament women of reproductive age.”Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed on 80 women in two groups (40 in each group). This study was done, in available method, on no pregnant women aged 20–40 years old that referred to health centers in Mashhad. DASS 21 sexual function and determining temperament questionnaires were completed in two groups before intervention. At first, the sexual function training package was held by the researcher at 6 sessions (twice a week for 3 weeks) that was based on nutrition, sport, and lifestyle axes. The control group also received routine care. A week after intervention finished, all the units completed a sexual function questionnaire. The results were analyzed by these techniques as SPSS software (version 16) and statistical tests such as Independent t-test, T-pair, Mann–Whitney, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test.Results: At the beginning of the study, there was no statistically significant difference between the personal characteristics and the mean score of sexual function and all its dimensions in the two groups. The mean sexual performance score and all its dimensions after intervention were significantly different in intervention and control groups P < 0.001. Sexual function and all its dimensions were improved after intervention in the intervention group.Conclusion: Giving sexual function package has improved the sexual function of cold temperament women. So, for routine caring of cold temperament women, it is better that health center employees consider this training package as an effective, easy, available, nonpharmacological, and economic intervention.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):65-65
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_7_18
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Self-medication with antibiotics: A knowledge, attitude, and practice
           appraisal of 610 dental patients in Chennai, India, from 2016 to 2017

    • Authors: Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
      Pages: 66 - 66
      Abstract: Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):66-66
      Introduction: Antibiotics are considered the most commonly sold drugs in developing countries. In India, these drugs are very much accessible without a prescription. This irrational and misuse of antibiotics results not only in the emergence of resistance of bacterial strains but also leads to adverse reactions.Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics usage among dental patients.Materials and Methods: Study design: This study was a cross-sectional design; a prevalidated structured questionnaire comprising 24 questions was used.Sample Size: Six hundred and ten patients visiting a dental hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, were included in the study.Results: The dental patients involved in self-medication were more than 70%. 80.2% of the study group opted selection of antibiotics from their previous prescription from dental or medical professional. Adverse effects were faced by 7.8% of patients on taking self-medication. The study group was aware of the common dental procedures such as extraction and root canal treatment in which antibiotics were commonly prescribed. Half of the patients (53.8%) do not know the term antibiotic misuse, and 43.3% of the group opted antibiotic misuse to be unacceptable.Conclusion: The study revealed the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the patients about self-medication in the Indian scenario. There is need for health-care professionals and government bodies to enlighten the public about the harmful effects of self-medication with antibiotics to overcome the antibiotic resistance.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):66-66
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_143_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A comparative study on the function and structure of medical development
           education office in world's top universities

    • Authors: Soleiman Ahmady, Shahram Yazdani, Fakhrolsadat Hosseini, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Ali Tabibi, Fatemeh Ahmadinia, Hoda Ahmari Tehran, Noushin Kohan, Heidar Mohammadi
      Pages: 67 - 67
      Abstract: Soleiman Ahmady, Shahram Yazdani, Fakhrolsadat Hosseini, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Ali Tabibi, Fatemeh Ahmadinia, Hoda Ahmari Tehran, Noushin Kohan, Heidar Mohammadi
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):67-67
      Purpose: It is essential to adjust the responsibilities and function of medical education offices (MEOs) in regard to the current societal requirements. Therefore, it is a good idea to learn lessons from the experiences about the establishment and function of these offices around the world. The aim of the present study was to carry out a comparative study to investigate the function and structure of MEOs at some of the medical universities from America, Europe, and Asia.Subjects and Methods: This is a comparative, descriptive study that was conducted in 2015. Eleven offices around the world (in America, Europe, and Asia) were selected for the study. Expert group discussion and literature review were used in order to select research sample. The data were gathered using self-constructed checklists. Content and face validity of the checklist was assessed by gathering feedback from experts. The Kappa coefficient was used to determine the inter-rater reliability.Results: All the 11 offices in our study (100%) dealt with the issues of faculty development and research and scholarship activities. Only one out of the 11 offices (27%) dealt with the issues of society and patient education. Five out of the 11 offices (36%) dealt with the continuing medical education and continuing professional development. Consultation services are provided at seven of the 11 offices (64%).Conclusions: This study revealed both commonalities and differences in the function and structure of MEO among the 11 offices we examined. Based on this study, effective goals and strategies for MEO can be recommended.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):67-67
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_181_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Psychological empowerment strategies in infertile women: A systematic
           review

    • Authors: Mahboubeh Taebi, Masoumeh Simbar, Somayeh Abdolahian
      Pages: 68 - 68
      Abstract: Mahboubeh Taebi, Masoumeh Simbar, Somayeh Abdolahian
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):68-68
      Infertility requires long-term care and treatments which would influence different aspects of health including the mental health of infertile women. The present study was conducted to determine strategies for psychological empowerment of infertile women. This systematic review was performed on previously conducted clinical trials. To achieve the intended studies, databases of Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science and also Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials website were searched using “infertility and infertile women” as the keywords. The inclusion criteria were being an interventional study and assessing the psychological status of infertile women. Performed studies in Iran with no time limitations were evaluated. Based on the Jadad criteria, studies with a score of 3 or more were enrolled in the systematic review. After assessing the quality of the studies, 21 studies were enrolled in the review for final evaluation. Reviewing the conducted studies showed that educational and counseling interventions could be effective in improving the aspects of psychological well-being of infertile women. Existing evidence revealed that applying coping strategies is effective in improving the quality of life in infertile women, which consequently lead to the improvement of psychological empowerment of infertile women.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):68-68
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_151_15
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The predictive role of spiritual intelligence in self-management in
           adolescents with type 1 diabetes

    • Authors: Mojdeh Rahmanian, Mohsen Hojat, Naima Seyed Fatemi, Abbas Mehran, Soroor Parvizy
      Pages: 69 - 69
      Abstract: Mojdeh Rahmanian, Mohsen Hojat, Naima Seyed Fatemi, Abbas Mehran, Soroor Parvizy
      Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):69-69
      Introduction: Self-management leads to blood glucose control and reduced morbidity and mortality in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Different factors affect the self-management whose role and effect are still unknown. Among the influential factors whose effect is vague are spiritual intelligence, and this study aims to investigate the predictive role of spiritual intelligence in diabetes management.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlation study, 200 adolescents with type 1 diabetes were enrolled. To measure spiritual intelligence, the 24-question SISRI questionnaire and to measure self-management of diabetes, the SMOD-A questionnaire (48 questions) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 18 using linear regression analysis tests. Data collection was conducted by simple sampling.Results: Mean score of self-management of diabetes and spirituality was 86.1 ± 15.1 and 60.42 ± 12.9, respectively. Linear regression test (ANOVA: 0.002, F = 9.839) showed effect on diabetes self-management (β: 0.218).Conclusion: This study showed that spiritual intelligence can predict diabetes self-management, though poorly predicted, and by strengthening it, has a decisive role in improving the health of adolescents with diabetes. Considering the findings of this study, a new window of nurses' performance in managing diabetes based on the promotion of spiritual intelligence in the educational, care, counseling, and support roles of nursing science can be opened.
      Citation: Journal of Education and Health Promotion 2018 7(1):69-69
      PubDate: Thu,3 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_182_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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