Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 425 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 425 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Acute Disease     Open Access   (SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 1)

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Indian Journal of Medical Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.656
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0971-5916
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Diabetes mellitus, vitamin D & osteoporosis: Insights

    • Authors: Ravinder Goswami, Abilash Nair
      Pages: 425 - 428
      Abstract: Ravinder Goswami, Abilash Nair
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):425-428

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):425-428
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1920_19
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Diagnosis & management of infections due to non-tuberculous
           mycobacteria in developing countries: Looking ahead

    • Authors: VM Katoch
      Pages: 429 - 431
      Abstract: VM Katoch
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):429-431

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):429-431
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2096_19
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Waterborne & foodborne viral hepatitis: A public health
           perspective

    • Authors: Abhik Sinha, Shanta Dutta
      Pages: 432 - 435
      Abstract: Abhik Sinha, Shanta Dutta
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):432-435

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):432-435
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1430_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Typhoid fever: Control & challenges in India

    • Authors: Bratati Mukhopadhyay, Dipika Sur, Sanjukta Sen Gupta, NK Ganguly
      Pages: 437 - 447
      Abstract: Bratati Mukhopadhyay, Dipika Sur, Sanjukta Sen Gupta, NK Ganguly
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):437-447
      Enteric fever is a common but serious disease that affects mostly children and adolescents in the developing countries. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi remains responsible for most of the disease episodes; however, S. Paratyphi A has also been reported as an emerging infectious agent of concern. The control measures for the disease must encompass early diagnosis, surveillance and vaccine to protect against the disease. Sanitation and hygiene play a major role in reducing the burden of enteric diseases as well. The current status of diagnostics, the surveillance practices in the recent past and the vaccine development efforts have been taken into account for suggesting effective prevention and control measures. However, the challenges in all these aspects persist and cause hindrance in the implementation of the available tools. Hence, an integrative approach and a comprehensive policy framework are required to be in place for the prevention, control and elimination of typhoid fevers.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):437-447
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_411_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Microbiological diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis: Phenotype to genotype

    • Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg
      Pages: 448 - 457
      Abstract: Ravindra Kumar Garg
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):448-457
      Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a commonly encountered central nervous system infection. Characteristic clinical, imaging and cerebrospinal fluid parameters help clinicians to make a prompt presumptive diagnosis that enables them to start empirical anti-tuberculosis treatment. There are several close mimic to TBM, such as partially treated pyogenic meningitis, fungal meningitis, sarcoidosis, meningeal metastases and meningeal lymphomatosis. Microbiological confirmation instils a sense of confidence amongst treating physicians. With conventional phenotypic methods (cerebrospinal fluid microscopy and culture), in more than 50 per cent patients, microbiological confirmation is not achieved. Moreover, these methods take a long time before providing conclusive results. Negative result does not rule out Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection of the brain. Genotypic methods, such as IS 6110 polymerase chain reaction and automated Xpert M. tuberculosis/rifampicin (MTB/RIF) assay system improved the TBM diagnostics, as results are rapidly available. Xpert MTB/RIF assay, in addition, detects rifampicin resistance. Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra is advanced technology which has higher (60-70%) sensitivity and is being considered a game-changer in the diagnostics of TBM. A large number of TBM cases remain unconfirmed. The situation of TBM diagnostics will remain grim, if low-cost technologies are not widely available. Till then, physicians continue to rely on their clinical acumen to start empirical anti-tuberculosis treatment.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):448-457
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1145_19
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • A prospective study of non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease among
           tuberculosis suspects at a tertiary care centre in north India

    • Authors: Surendra Kumar Sharma, Rohini Sharma, Binit Kumar Singh, Vishwanath Upadhyay, Indra Mani, Madhavi Tripathi, Prahlad Kumar
      Pages: 458 - 467
      Abstract: Surendra Kumar Sharma, Rohini Sharma, Binit Kumar Singh, Vishwanath Upadhyay, Indra Mani, Madhavi Tripathi, Prahlad Kumar
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):458-467
      Background & objectives: The burden of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease is increasing worldwide. The disease shares clinicoradiological features with tuberculosis (TB), Nocardia and several fungal diseases, and its diagnosis is frequently delayed. The present study was performed to determine the frequency of NTM disease among TB suspects in a tertiary care centre in north India.Methods: In this prospective study, mycobacterial culture isolates from pulmonary and extrapulmonary specimens among TB suspects were tested with immunochromatographic assay (ICA). All ICA-negative isolates were considered as NTM suspects and further subjected to 16S-23S rRNA internal transcribed spacer gene sequencing for confirmation and species identification. Patients with active disease were treated with drug regimen as per the identified NTM species. Follow up of patients was done to determine clinical, radiological and microbiological outcomes.Results: Of the 5409 TB suspects, 42 (0.77%) were diagnosed with NTM disease. Patients with active disease consenting for treatment were treated and followed up. Thirty four patients had NTM pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) and the remaining eight had extrapulmonary NTM (EP-NTM) disease. Mycobacterium intracellulare and M. abscessus, respectively, were most frequently isolated from NTM-PD and EP-NTM patients. Fifteen NTM-PD and seven EP-NTM patients successfully completed the treatment. Ten patients died due to unrelated causes, five were lost to follow up and another four declined the treatment.Interpretation & conclusions: Our study showed that the frequency of NTM disease was low among TB suspects at a large tertiary care centre in north India and this finding was similar to other Indian studies. More studies need to be done in other parts of the country to know the geographical variation in NTM disease, if any.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):458-467
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_194_19
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Frequent plateletpheresis donations & its effect on haematological
           parameters: An observational study

    • Authors: Sweta Nayak, Poonam Coshic, RM Pandey, Kabita Chatterjee
      Pages: 468 - 476
      Abstract: Sweta Nayak, Poonam Coshic, RM Pandey, Kabita Chatterjee
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):468-476
      Background & objectives: The well-being of donors undergoing frequent plateletpheresis has been a matter of concern. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of frequent plateletpheresis on the haematological parameters (HP) of repeat donors.Methods: The study was conducted during February 2016 to March 2017 on all the repeat plateletpheresis donors undergoing the 2nd plateletpheresis within a month of the first in a tertiary care centre. Donors repeating plateletpheresis 3rd and 4th times were also studied. The values of the HP observed on follow up after plateletpheresis done on three different separators were compared. Results: HPs of the 98 donors were similar at follow up except mean platelet volume (P <0.05). Of the 98 donors, 35 were followed up within a week and 63 were followed up within 8-30 days. No significant alteration was found in the HPs except a significant difference in the variation of platelet counts of the two groups (P=0.025). In 34 donors who presented 3rd time for plateletpheresis (mean gap between 1st and 3rd plateletpheresis=31 days), no significant differences in the HPs were found except the platelet distribution width (P <0.05). Minimal difference in the HP was found in the baseline and the follow up of 3rd plateletpheresis i.e., at 4th plateletpheresis donation. Plateletpheresis through all the three cell separators used had similar effects on the follow up HPs.Interpretation & conclusions: Repeated plateletpheresis can be done without any detrimental effects on the cell counts of the plateletpheresis donors. The three cell separators yielded similar post-donation follow up haematological parameters.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):468-476
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_512_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Is it necessary to focus on morphologically normal acrosome of sperm
           during intracytoplasmic sperm injection?

    • Authors: Ziba Zahiri, Fatemeh Ghasemian
      Pages: 477 - 485
      Abstract: Ziba Zahiri, Fatemeh Ghasemian
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):477-485
      Background & objectives: The detailed assessment of sperm morphology is important in the semen of infertile men because there is a low proportion of normal spermatozoa. One of the parameters of such sperm morphology is the acrosome, and its effect on assisted reproductive outcomes is controversial. This study was undertaken to evaluate the association between different forms of acrosome on the chromatin status and the assisted reproductive outcomes.Methods: A total of 1587 unstained sperms from 514 infertile men were captured and analyzed for different acrosome forms (normal, large, small, skew, amorphous acrosome and without acrosome) in real time during intracytoplasmic sperm injection into oocytes. The association between the percentage of sperms with atypical acrosome and head shapes and the sperm chromatin status was studied. Fertilization, zygote and embryo quality and clinical pregnancy rates were calculated for different groups of sperms.Results: The highest frequency of irregular shapes of acrosomes, such as small, large and amorphous, was observed in abnormal ellipticity, anteroposterior symmetry and angularity parameters, respectively (P <0.05). The fertilization rate of injected sperms with large (P <0.01) and small (P=0.001) acrosomes and without acrosome (P=0.001) was significantly lower in comparison with normal acrosomes. The quality of zygotes (Z3, P=0.05), embryos (grade C, P <0.05) and the pregnancy rate (P=0.001) from injected sperms with large acrosomes were significantly lower compared with normal acrosomes.Interpretation & conclusions: Our findings showed that the different sperm acrosome morphologies (e.g., large, small, and without acrosome) might negatively relate with chromatin integrity and decrease the sperm's fertility potential and pregnancy rate during intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):477-485
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_866_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Assessing the susceptibility of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1
           viruses to oseltamivir using embryonated chicken eggs

    • Authors: Deeksha S Tare, Sadhana S Kode, Aeron C Hurt, Shailesh D Pawar
      Pages: 486 - 491
      Abstract: Deeksha S Tare, Sadhana S Kode, Aeron C Hurt, Shailesh D Pawar
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):486-491
      Background & objectives: The susceptibility of influenza viruses to neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) is studied using enzyme-based assays, sequence analysis and in vitro and in vivo studies. Oseltamivir carboxylate (OC) is the active prodrug of the NAI oseltamivir. There is lack of information on the use of embryonated chicken eggs for studying susceptibility of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 viruses to antiviral drugs. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of 10 day old embryonated chicken eggs for studying antiviral susceptibility of HPAI H5N1 viruses.Methods: Two HPAI H5N1 viruses isolated from India were used in the study. Fluorescence-based NAI assay was performed to determine antiviral susceptibility of these viruses. In ovo antiviral assays were carried out using 10 day old embryonated chicken eggs. The virus dilutions were incubated with 14 μg/ml of OC and inoculated in the allantoic cavity. In the eggs, 50 per cent egg infectious dose (EID50) titres as well as mortality were quantitated.Results: The two viruses used were susceptible to OC in the NAI assay. It was found that there was a significant drop in EID50titres; however, no significant protection from mortality after OC treatment was observed.Interpretation & conclusions: By measuring viral titres, the egg model was suitable to study the susceptibility of HPAI viruses to antiviral drugs along with NAI assay. The present study highlights the use of eggs as a model to study susceptibility of HPAI viruses to OC.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):486-491
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_845_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Outbreaks of dengue in Central India in 2016: Clinical, laboratory &
           epidemiological study

    • Authors: Shraddha Tiwari, Mohan K Shukla, Gyan Chand, Lalit Sahare, Mahendra J Ukey, Piyush Joshi, Rameshwar Khedekar, Neeru Singh, Pradip V Barde
      Pages: 492 - 497
      Abstract: Shraddha Tiwari, Mohan K Shukla, Gyan Chand, Lalit Sahare, Mahendra J Ukey, Piyush Joshi, Rameshwar Khedekar, Neeru Singh, Pradip V Barde
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):492-497
      Background & objectives: Dengue virus (DENV) causes outbreaks and sporadic cases in tropical and subtropical countries. Documenting intricacies of DEN outbreaks is important for future interventions. The objective of this study was to report clinical, laboratory and epidemiological features of DEN outbreaks reported in different districts of Central India in 2016.Methods: In 2016, outbreaks (n=4) suspected of DEN were investigated by rapid response team. Door-to-door fever and entomological surveys were conducted. Blood samples were collected and tested using NS1 or IgM ELISA; real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was done to identify serotypes of DEN virus (DENV). NS1-positive samples were tested for the presence of IgG by ELISA. Clinical and demographic data were collected and analyzed.Results: Outbreaks occurred in both urban and rural areas in monsoon season and Aedes aegypti was identified as the vector. Fever, chills, headache and myalgia were the major symptoms; no fatality was recorded. Of the 268 DEN suspects, 135 (50.4%) were found serologically positive. DEN positivity was higher (n=75; 55.56%) among males and in the age group of 16-45 yr (n=78; 57.8%). DENV 3 followed by DENV 2 were detected as the major responsible serotypes. High attack rates (up to 38/1000) and low cumulative IgG prevalence (14.9%) were recorded in rural areas.Interpretation & conclusions: Our study showed that DENV 3 was the major serotype responsible for outbreaks that occurred in monsoon. High attack rates and lower number of secondary infections in rural areas indicated that DENV is emerging in rural parts of Central India. Early diagnosis at local level and timely intervention by mosquito control activities are needed to avoid such outbreaks in future.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):492-497
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1315_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Japanese encephalitis virus-induced neuropathology in mouse model infected
           through the conjunctival route

    • Authors: Menaka Sethi, Tareni Das, Neelam Tomar, Jeny K John, Zunjar B Dubal, Kaushal K Rajak, Rajendra Singh, G Saikumar
      Pages: 498 - 503
      Abstract: Menaka Sethi, Tareni Das, Neelam Tomar, Jeny K John, Zunjar B Dubal, Kaushal K Rajak, Rajendra Singh, G Saikumar
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):498-503
      Background & objectives: Mouse is a preferred animal model for studying pathogenesis of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infections, and different routes of inoculation have been tried. Some neurotropic viruses can reach the brain following infection through ocular route. This study was undertaken to establish JEV-induced clinical disease in mouse model through conjunctival route and document the neuropathological effects.Methods: Ten two-week old Swiss albino mice were inoculated with 5 μl Vero cell cultured virus containing 104.7 TCID50 JEV through conjunctival route. Clinical signs of mice were observed twice daily. After necropsy examination, different organs including eyes and olfactory bulbs were collected for histopathological examination, quantification of viral copy number and antigen by real-time TaqMan assay and immunohistochemistry, respectively.Results: Infected mice showed characteristic clinical signs of JE by 4 days post-infection (dpi). Histopathological lesions in brain included perivascular cuffing by mononuclear cells, focal gliosis, necrosis of neurons and neuronophagia and astrocytosis in the cerebrum, cerebellum and the brainstem. JEV viral load was highest in the brain followed by intestine, heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney. JEV antigen was detected in the bipolar and ganglion cells of the retina and in the mitral cells and periglomerular cells of olfactory bulb and other parts of the brain.Interpretation & conclusions: JEV infection in mice through conjunctival route produced characteristic clinical signs of the disease and neuropathological lesions. Demonstration of JEV antigen in association with neuropathological lesions in the central nervous system and neuronal cells of the eye showed that conjunctival route could be an effective alternate route for virus invasion into the brain. These findings have biosafety implications for researchers, veterinary practitioners and pig farmers.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):498-503
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2078_17
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Effect of different methods of pasteurization on bactericidal action of
           human milk: A prospective observational study

    • Authors: Savita Patil, Anitha Ananthan, Ruchi Nimish Nanavati, Gita Nataraj, Priyanka Prasad
      Pages: 504 - 507
      Abstract: Savita Patil, Anitha Ananthan, Ruchi Nimish Nanavati, Gita Nataraj, Priyanka Prasad
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):504-507
      Background & objectives: Pasteurization involves not only inactivation of pathogens, but also loss of immunological functions and bactericidal action of human milk. Hence, this study was aimed to explore the stability of such bactericidal action after subjecting human milk samples to thermal pasteurization under different condition of time and temperature.Methods: In this observational study 48 human milk samples were analyzed over a period of three months. The effect of holder and flash methods of pasteurization on bactericidal action against Escherichia coli was evaluated compared to the control sample before and after 72 h of storage at −18°C.Results: Both holder and flash methods of pasteurization showed significant reduction in the E. coli growth to 46.4 and 25.5 per cent, respectively, after 24 h of incubation (P <0.001). The bactericidal activity was significantly more in samples subjected to holder method compared to flash method before and after 72 h of storage (46.41±15.38 vs. 25.50±30.74, P <0.001 and 42.27±20.38 vs. 18.33±28.55, P <0.001).Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that the bactericidal activity of human milk was better preserved by the holder method of pasteurization. Further well-powered and well-designed randomized trials are needed to confirm the findings.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):504-507
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_600_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Status of adult immunity to hepatitis A virus in healthcare workers from a
           tertiary care hospital in north India

    • Authors: Sanshriti Chauhan, Jyotsna Agarwal, Amita Jain, KK Sawlani, Prashant Gupta, Abhishek Goel, Neera Verma, D Himanshu
      Pages: 508 - 511
      Abstract: Sanshriti Chauhan, Jyotsna Agarwal, Amita Jain, KK Sawlani, Prashant Gupta, Abhishek Goel, Neera Verma, D Himanshu
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):508-511
      Background & objectives: Humans are considered to be the principal host for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. In India, heterogeneous groups of susceptible individuals coexist in different regions. There has been a decline in antibody titres to HAV among young adults which may pose a major public health problem. The objective of this study was to assess the IgG anti-HAV level among healthcare workers (HCWs) in the age group of 20-60 yr and its association with the socio-demographic variables. Methods: Blood sample (2 ml) was collected under aseptic conditions from each participant followed by the preparation of serum and storing at −20°C. ELISA-based kits were used for the determination of IgG antibodies to HAV in the human serum samples.Results: Two hundred and fifty four HCWs were enrolled. IgG anti-HAV antibodies were detected in 97.2 per cent of the samples analyzed. No differences were observed in the levels of IgG anti-HAV antibody and education, income, occupation and socio-economic classes of the HCWs. A seropositivity rate of over 90 per cent was seen amongst all the socio-economic classes.Interpretation & conclusions: High levels of IgG protective antibodies were seen among the studied HCWs, hence HAV vaccination may not be required. It will be advisable to do a cost-benefit analysis of vaccination for HAV.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):508-511
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_787_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Pancreatico-pleural fistula: An unusual cause of chronic cough

    • Authors: Anand V Kulkarni, Murali. S Shasthry
      Pages: 512 - 513
      Abstract: Anand V Kulkarni, Murali. S Shasthry
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):512-513

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):512-513
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1674_18
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
  • Vaccines for cancer immunotherapy: An evidence-based review on current
           status and future perspectives

    • Authors: Mausumi Bharadwaj
      Pages: 514 - 514
      Abstract: Mausumi Bharadwaj
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):514-514

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2019 150(5):514-514
      PubDate: Mon,6 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1275_19
      Issue No: Vol. 150, No. 5 (2020)
       
 
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