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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1735-9066 - ISSN (Online) 2228-5504
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • An Evaluation of Acupressure on the Sanyinjiao (SP6) and Hugo (LI4) Points
           on the Pain Severity and Length of Labor: A Systematic Review and Meta
           analysis Study

    • Authors: Fatemeh Najafi, Molouk Jaafarpour, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Javaher Khajavikhan
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract:  Background: In this study, the effects of SP6 and LI4 acupressure on the pain severity and length of labor are examined.Materials and Methods: This systematic review and meta‑analysis study was performed on articles published in 2004–2015. The articles, published in the English and Farsi languages, related to the effects of acupressure on the SP6 and LI4 points on the length and pain severity of labor. Data were collected by searching medical databases, including PubMed, ISI, MagIran, Google Scholar, Iran Medex, SID, Irandoc, and EMBASE, for relevant material.Results: Women who received SP6 acupressure experienced less pain immediately after the intervention [−0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI): −0.77, −0.36] than women in the touch group and exhibited decrease in the length of labor (−0.99, 95% CI: −1.39, −0.39), the active phase (0.95, 95% CI: −1.30, −0.61), and the second stage of labor (−0.39, 95% CI: −0.74, −0.03). Women who received LI4 acupressure experienced less pain immediately after the intervention (−0.94, 95%, CI: −1.36, −0.53) than women in the touch group and exhibited shorter active phase (−0.91, 95%, CI: −1.18, −0.63) and second stage of labor (−0.55, 95%, CI: −0.95, −0.15) lengths.Conclusions: The use of SP6 and LI4 acupressure shows promise as a method for managing the length and pain severity of labor, but further study is required to establish its effectiveness along with other pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods.

      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Effect of Auriculotherapy on the Stress and the Outcomes of Assistant
           Reproductive Technologies in Infertile Women

    • Authors: Mozhgan Saffari, Zahra Khashavi, Mahboubeh Valiani
      Pages: 8 - 13
      Abstract: Background: Infertility means failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertile women may experience severe stress and depression. Numerous studies have indicated that auriculotherapy could reduce stress. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of auriculotherapy on the stress and the outcome assisted reproductive technology in infertile women.Materials and Methods: The present study was a clinical trial that was conducted on 56 infertile women aged 20–45, who were assigned into two groups of intervention and control, from November 2014 to November 2015. The control group only received the routine treatments, while the intervention group, in addition to their routine treatment, received auriculotherapy for 8–10 sessions during menstrual cycle. Both groups completed Newton’s Fertility Problem Inventory in three stages. The datasets collected for the study were analyzed using independent t‑test, repeated‑measures analysis of variance, and Chi‑square test.Results: The mean score of stress in the intervention group decreased significantly, compared to the control group prior to the embryo transfer and pregnancy test stages. Although insignificant, the rate of pregnancy in the intervention group was higher than the control group. There was a significant increase in the rate of clinical pregnancy in the intervention group, compared to the control.Conclusions: The results indicated that auriculotherapy might be effective in reducing stress and improving the outcome of assisted reproductive treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Health Journalism: Health Reporting Status and Challenges

    • Authors: Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
      Pages: 14 - 7
      Abstract: Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved.Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross‑sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015–2016. Data collection was done via a researcher‑made questionnaire. Content validity of the questionnaire was determined by qualitative method and based on the opinions of six experts. The test–retest reliability coefficient was 98.0. Data analysis was done by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 16 and descriptive statistics and content analysis were used for analyzing the responses to two open questions.Results: Among 34 journalists, 56% were women and 44% men; the majority of journalists (65%) had no specialized training on health reporting, 35% of journalists were not able to understand the health issues, and the knowledge of medical terminology in 59% of them was moderate to low. The most important required skill for reporters was the ability to interpret medical research reports (88%), 97% were eager to participate in specialized health education. Conclusions: Our study showed that health journalists lacked knowledge and specialized training for dissemination of health news. This has brought about serious challenges. Thus, development and implementation of training courses in close collaboration with educational department of the Ministry of Health and news programs professionals at Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting is highly recommended.
      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Impact of Nutrition Education in Improving Dietary Pattern During
           Pregnancy Based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model: A Randomized
           Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Masoomeh Goodarzi‑Khoigani, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, SeyedSaeed Mazloomy- Mahmoodabad
      Pages: 18 - 25
      Abstract: Background: Different types of nutrients in adequate amounts are required to meet the increased demands of the mother and the developing fetus. Therefore, we examined the impact of nutrition education on the number of food servings per day. Materials and Methods: Pregnant mothers were recruited to a prospective, randomized clinical trial from May to September, 2016. At 6–10 weeks of gestation, the participants were randomly divided into the intervention (n = 96) or the control group (n = 96), and were followed‑up until the end of pregnancy. Each woman in the experimental group met the study nutritionist at the time of enrollment and an individualized nutrition plan was developed. In addition, the nutrition education based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM) was designed, including three 45–60 min training sessions in 6–10, 18, and 26 weeks of pregnancy. The participants’ usual food intake using a three‑day dietary record was assessed at 6–10 weeks and 34–36 weeks of gestation. Results: The mean scores of the perceived benefits, self‑efficacy, activity‑related affect, interpersonal influences (husband support), and commitment to action increased while the competing demand scores decreased in the interventional group compared with the control group. The mean standard deviation (SD) of food portions from grain [10.40 (1.96) versus 12.70 (1.93) in the control group], vegetable [3.88 (1.33) versus 2.96 (0.91)], fruit [4.02 (0.05) versus 3.95 (0.91)], dairy [2.33 (0.68) versus 2.11 (0.45)], and meat [3.17 (0.68) versus 2.96 (0.67)] were improved in the experimental group.Conclusions: Pender’s HPM for nutrition education is effective based on the compliance of pregnant women to the dietary guideline and the food guide pyramid.

      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Effect of Telephone Follow‑up by Nurses on Self‑care in
           Children with Diabetes

    • Authors: Zahra Samimi, Sedigeh Talakoub, Zohreh Ghazavi
      Pages: 26 - 30
      Abstract: Background: Diabetes is a serious chronic disease during childhood. Because of the chronic nature of the disease, self‑care is necessary. Education alone is not effective in providing care. Misunderstanding by the patients regarding diabetes during the training programs render telephonefollow‑up after training essential. Materials and Methods: This quasi‑experimental study with two groups (experimental and control) was conducted in two phases in 2014. The study population consisted of 70 children of 10–18 years of age with type I diabetes (35 patients in the experimental group and 35 in the control group). The participants were randomly selected from the patients referring to the Sedigheh Tahereh Diabetic Research and Treatment Center in Isfahan, Iran. Data were collected using a researcher‑made  questionnaire on self‑care and a glycosylated hemoglobin recording form. The experimental group received 12 weeks of telephone follow‑up training by the center, whereas the control group received no follow‑up.Results: The results showed that, after intervention, the total mean score of self‑care in all aspects of diabetes care for children was significantly higher in the experimental group (p < 0.001). In addition, a statistically significant difference was observed between the experimental and control groups in terms of mean glycosylated hemoglobin after the intervention (p = 0.030).Conclusions: It can be concluded that telephone follow‑up by a nurse can improve total self‑care and glycosylated hemoglobin in patients with type I diabetes.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Assessment of the Midwifery Students’ Clinical Competency Before
           Internship Program in the Field Based on the Objective Structured Clinical

    • Authors: Narges Malakooti, Parvin Bahadoran, Soheyla Ehsanpoor
      Pages: 31 - 5
      Abstract: Background: One of the important goals of clinical education is to promote the level of students’clinical skills. About 50% of the midwifery education is focused on clinical education, which has a great importance in shaping the professional skills of the students. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of students in some practical skills, before internship program in the field, using objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross‑sectional study with a single‑stage, multivariate prospective design. Twenty‑seven midwifery students from the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences who were in their sixth semester were selected by convenience sampling during the second semester of 2015–2016 educational year.OSCE was executed at skill laboratories in 8 stations during one day, and researcher‑made checklists were used; their content and face validity were approved and their reliability was confirmed by a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.97. Data analysis was performed by SPSS19.Results: Results showed that the level of students’ skills at pelvic exam station was 39.97%, at bladder catheterization was 66.92%, at Leopold was 42.7%, at fetal ECG interpretation was 50.49%, at physical examination was 21.30%, at fetal resuscitation was 48.81%, at breast examination was 56.32%, and at answering the questions was 23.49%.Conclusions: Results show that students gained a score of less than 50% in most skills. Therefore, they are not efficiently skilled for these essential clinical skills. Nonetheless,these procedures need the minimum skills that are required from students after graduation and before entering the working environment in hospitals and health centers. Therefore, more attention should be paid to these skills while planning internship programs before students enter the field. Also, more attention is required while teachers teach these skills and students are supposed to regard theirweaknesses in these skills.

      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Ethical Challenges of Embryo Donation in Embryo Donors and Recipients

    • Authors: Mahboubeh Taebi, Reyhane Bahrami, Narges Bagheri- Lankarani, Mohsen Shahriari
      Pages: 36 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Embryo donation, as one of the novel assisted reproductive technologies (ART), has remained a controversial issue. This is due to this methods’ need for individuals from outside the family circle. Their presence can cause many ethical issues and complicate the designing and planning of the embryo donation process. The present study was conducted with the aim to assess the ethical challenges of embryo donation from the view point of embryo donors and recipients.Material and Methods: This descriptive, cross‑sectional study was conducted on 192 couples (96 embryo donators and 96 embryo recipients) referring to Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center and Royan Institute,Iran. The subjects were selected through convenience sampling. The data collection tool was the researcher‑made Ethical Challenges Questionnaire. Data were analyzed in SPSS software.Results: Embryo donors and recipients expresses the most important ethical challenges of embryo donation in the principle of justice (70.20%) and respect for autonomy (42.57%), respectively.Conclusions:The four ethical principles are important in the view of embryo donors and recipients; however, they highlighted the importance of the principle of respect for autonomy considering the existing barriers in the services of infertility centers. Legislators and relevant authorities must take measures toward the development of guidelines for this treatment method in the framework of ethics principles and incorporate all four principles independently.

      PubDate: 2017-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Predicting Nurses’ Psychological Safety Based on the Forgiveness

    • Authors: Abbas Rahmati, Maryam Poormirzaei
      Pages: 40 - 4
      Abstract: Background: Forgiveness, as an intentional denial of your right of anger and aversion from a harmful deed, is related to many psychological processes of human which results in more psychological safety for people. The present study aimed to predict the psychological safety of nurses through different dimensions of forgiveness skill.Materials and Methods: This correlational study was conducted on 170 nurses working in Kerman hospitals during 2016–2017 who were selected based on convenience random sampling. Edmondson psychological safety and Thompson Heartland forgiveness scale were used for data collection. Data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression model.Results: TThe results indicated that psychological safety has a significant relationship with self‑forgiveness (p= 0.0001) and other‑forgiveness (p= 0.04).Further, only self‑forgiveness could significantly predict 0.07 of psychological safety variance (p= 0.003).Conclusions: Self‑forgiveness skill can improve the nurses’ psychological safety and reduce the harms caused by job pressures by reinforcing positive psychological factors. It is recommended to teach forgiveness skill through holding in‑service classes to staff and study the relationship between psychological safety with other social life skills among nurses.

      PubDate: 2017-12-18
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence with Happiness and Fear of
           Childbirth in Iranian Pregnant Women

    • Authors: Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Ahmad Khosravi
      Pages: 45 - 50
      Abstract: Background: Spiritual intelligence is a person’s ability to feel a connection to a higher power and a sacred entity. With regard to its relation with happiness, it can have an important effect on the mental health of pregnant women. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and happiness and fear of childbirth in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This cross‑sectional study was conducted on 245 low‑risk pregnant women from June till September 2015. Using random cluster sampling method, the subjects were selected among the women who referred to health care centers in Shahroud (Northeast of Iran). After obtaining informed consent, the researchers evaluated the spiritual intelligence, happiness, and fear of childbirth. Data were analyzed using STATA12 and Chi‑square test, t‑test, analysis of variance, and Strucrural Equation Model. Results: In this study, the spiritual intelligence mean (SD) score was 64.43(16.51).Comparison between mothers with and without fear of childbirth showed there was a significant difference between the spiritual intelligence score and happiness mean scores in these two groups. There is a negative correlation between spiritual intelligence and happiness with fear of childbirth (−0.73 and −0.69, respectively). Conclusions: Increased level of spiritual intelligence in pregnant women can lead to an increase in their happiness and reduce their fear of childbirth. The fear of childbirth can be prevented via trainings to pregnant women about the components of spiritual intelligence; moreover, training the techniques to achieve more happiness can help mothers to reduce their fear of childbirth and hence promote natural childbirth.
      PubDate: 2017-12-18
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • A Comparative Study of Shift Work Effects and Injuries among Nurses
           Working in Rotating Night and Day Shifts in a Tertiary Care Hospital of
           North India

    • Authors: Anjana Verma, Jugal Kishore, Shobha Gusain
      Pages: 51 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Shift work can have an impact on the physical and psychological well‑being of   the healthcare worker, affecting patients as well as their own safety at the workplace. This study   was conducted to compare the health outcomes and injuries, along with associated risk factors   between the nurses working in rotating night shift (RNS) as compared to day shift (DS) only.   Materials and Methods: It was a cross‑sectional study conducted from June to November 2016   in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi. It involved 275 nurses working in RNS and 275 nurses from   DS of various departments, selected through simple random sampling. Standard Shift Work Index   Questionnaire (SSI) was used as the study instrument, with selected variables (according to objectives   of the study). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi‑square, t‑test, and multivariate   regression. Results: Female nurses had more sleep disturbance, fatigue, and poor psychological   health. Working on a contractual basis, RNS, and living outside the hospital campus were associated   with higher odds of having needle stick injury (NSI).The nurses working in RNSs were found to have   significantly lower mean scores in job satisfaction (p = 0.04), sleep (p < 0.001), and psychological   well‑being (p = 0.047) as compared to DS workers.Conclusions: Health outcomes among nurses   working in RNSs call for the interventions, focused on various factors which can be modified to   provide supportive and safer working environment.  
      PubDate: 2017-12-12
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Lived Experiences of Becoming First line Nurse Managers: A
           Phenomenological Study

    • Authors: Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Nazliansyah Nazliansyah, Ade Sukarna
      Pages: 66 - 70
      Abstract:  Background:  Designated  roles  of  first‑line  nurse  managers  (FLNMs)  are  very  complex,  this  study  aimed  to  develop  a  deeper understanding  of  their  meaningful  lived  experiences. Materials  and  Methods:  This  study  employed  a  phenomenological  study  using  semi‑structured  interviews  with  FLNMs  (n  =  7)  at  the  General  Hospital  of  Belitung,  Indonesia.  The  data  analysis  was  thematic. Results:  Four  major  themes were  identified  from  the  analysis  of  textual  data:  Feeling  extraordinary,  the  inability  to  do,  desire  to leave  the  unit,  and  influenced  by  work  motivation.  The  findings  of  this  study  revealed  the  positive and negative  experiences  of  becoming  FLNMs.  The  positive  experiences  were  related  to  the  feeling challenged  and  extraordinary  to  deal  with  many  roles  in  management  and  leadership.  The  negative experiences  included  personal  conflict  related  to  the  desire  to  leave  the  unit,  and  feeling  unable  to manage.  However,  the  works  of  FLNMs  were  influenced  by  internal  and  external  motivation.Conclusions:  This  study  better  informs  nurse  executives  to  develop  competence  and  performance  of FLNMs,  and  keep  their  motivation  by  revising  performance  appraisal  system.
      PubDate: 2017-12-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Experiences of Fathers with Inpatient Premature Neonates: Phenomenological
           Interpretative Analysis

    • Authors: Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
      Pages: 71 - 8
      Abstract: Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents’ mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in‑depth interviews guided with a semi‑structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis. Totally seven interviews were conducted with six participants.Results: The mean age of the fathers was 32 (23–42) years, and all of the fathers lived with their wives. Experiences of the fathers were categorized into 13 subordinate and three superordinate themes: “abandonment and helplessness” (lack of financial support, lack of informational support, and indignation and distrust toward the hospital staffs); “anxiety and confusion” (family disruption, shock due to the premature birth of the neonate, uncertainty, the loss of wishes, feeling of guilt and blame, and occupational disruption); and “development and self‑actualization” (emotional development, spiritual development, independence and self‑efficacy, and responsibility).Conclusions: The present study showed that the fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in NICU encounter both positive (development and self‑actualization) and negative experiences (lack of financial and informational supports, distrusting toward the hospital staffs, family disruption, and occupational disruption). Planning to manage adverse experiences can help fathers to cope with this situation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Impact of Normal Saline on the Incidence of Exposure Keratopathy in
           Patients Hospitalized in Intensive Care Units

    • Authors: Zohreh Davoodabady, Korosh Rezaei, Reza Rezaei
      Pages: 57 - 60
      Abstract: Background: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) have impaired ocular protective mechanisms that lead to an increased risk of ocular surface diseases including exposure keratopathy (EK). This study was designed to evaluate the effect of normal saline (NS) on the incidence and severity of EK in critically ill patients.Materials and Methods: This single‑blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on 50 patients admitted to ICUs. The participants were selected through purposive sampling. One eye of each patient, randomly was allocated to intervention group (standard care with NS) and the other eye to control group (standard care). In each patient, one eye (control group) randomly received standard care and the other eye (intervention group) received NS every 6 h in addition to standard care. The presence and severity of keratopathy was assessed daily until day 7 of hospitalization using fluorescein and an ophthalmoscope with cobalt blue filter. Chi‑square test was used for statistical analysis in SPSS software.Results: Before the study (first day) there were no statistically significant differences in the incidence and severity of EK between groups. Although, the incidence and severity of EK after the study (7th day) was higher in the intervention group compared to the control group, their differences were not statistically significant. Although, the incidence and severity of EK, from the 1st day until the 7th, increased within both groups, this increase was statistically significant only in the intervention (NS) group. Conclusions: The use of NS as eye care in patients hospitalized in ICUs can increase the incidence and severity of EK and is not recommended
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1
  • A Structural Equation Model of Self care Activities in Diabetic Elderly

    • Authors: Mousa Alavi, Razieh Molavi, Parvin Eslami
      Pages: 61 - 5
      Abstract: Background: Self‑care is a valuable strategy to improve health and reduce events of hospitalization  and the duration of hospital stay in elderly diabetic patients. This study aimed to examine the model  of self‑care behaviors in elderly diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted  among 209 diabetic elderly patients who were admitted in three hospitals affiliated with the Isfahan  University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Convenience sampling method was used to recruit the  participants. Depression, anxiety, stress, and perceived social support were considered as predicting  exogenous variables and elderly patients’ self‑care activities were treated as endogenous variables.  The data were collected by a four‑part questionnaire consisting of demographic and health‑related  characteristics; 21‑item depression anxiety stress scale, multidimensional scale of perceived social  support, and Diabetes Self‑care Activities scale. Structural equation modelling by Statistical Package  for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16 and Analysis of Moment Structures‑7 (AMOS) software  was applied for data analysis. Results: Mean (standard deviation) of depression, anxiety, stress,  perceived social support, and self‑care activities of participants were 14.29 (4.3), 13.62 (3.74),  16.83 (4.23), 57.33 (14.19), and 44.56 (13.77), respectively. The results showed that the overall model  fitted the data (÷2/df = 3.8, goodness‑of‑fit index (GFI) = 0.52, incremental fit index (IFI) = 0.48, and  root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.14). Three out of four variables (i.e., perceived  social support, anxiety, and depression) significantly predicted adherence to self‑care behaviors among  diabetic elderly patients (p < 0.05).Conclusions: The perceived social support, anxiety, and depression  were identified as key constructs which need to be taken into account and well managed by health care  professionals to enhance adherence to self‑care activities in diabetic elderly patients. 
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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