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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

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Journal Cover International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2229-5151
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • What's New in Critical Illness and Injury Science? The continued
           search for the ideal hemodynamic monitoring device: Spending ourselves in
           a worthy cause and coming up short

    • Authors: James P Hofmann, Jason M Stroud, Thomas J Papadimos
      Pages: 133 - 135
      Abstract: James P Hofmann, Jason M Stroud, Thomas J Papadimos
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):133-135

      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):133-135
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_61_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Intensive Care Unit issues in eclampsia and HELLP syndrome

    • Authors: Melissa Teresa Chu Lam, Elizabeth Dierking
      Pages: 136 - 141
      Abstract: Melissa Teresa Chu Lam, Elizabeth Dierking
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):136-141
      Preeclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome are life-threatening hypertensive conditions and common causes of ICU admission among obstetric patients The diagnostic criteria of preeclampsia include: 1) systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg on two occasions at least 4 hours apart and 2) proteinuria ≥300 mg/day in a woman with a gestational age of >20 weeks with previously normal blood pressures. Eclampsia is defined as a convulsive episode or altered level of consciousness occurring in the setting of preeclampsia, provided that there is no other cause of seizures. HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening condition frequently associated with severe preeclampsia-eclampsia and is characterized by three hallmark features of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets. Early diagnosis and management of preeclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome are critical with involvement of a multidisciplinary team that includes Obstetrics, Maternal Fetal Medicine and Critical Care. Expectant management may be acceptable before 34 weeks with close fetal and maternal surveillance and administration of corticosteroid therapy, parenteral magnesium sulfate and antihypertensive management. Worsening condition requires delivery. Complications that can be related to this spectrum of disease include disseminated Intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute respiratory distress syndrome, stroke, acute renal failure, hepatic dysfunction with hepatic rupture or liver hematoma and infection/sepsis.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):136-141
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_33_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Hospital trauma level's association with outcomes for injured pregnant
           women and their neonates in Washington state, 1995–2012

    • Authors: John Thomas Distelhorst, Michele A Soltis, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Melissa A Schiff
      Pages: 142 - 149
      Abstract: John Thomas Distelhorst, Michele A Soltis, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Melissa A Schiff
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):142-149
      Background: Trauma occurs in 8% of all pregnancies. To date, no studies have evaluated the effect of the hospital's trauma designation level as it relates to birth outcomes for injured pregnant women.Methods: This population-based, retrospective cohort study evaluated the association between trauma designation levels and injured pregnancy birth outcomes. We linked Washington State Birth and Fetal Death Certificate data and the Washington State Comprehensive Hospital Recording System. Injury was identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision injury diagnosis and external causation codes. The association was analyzed using logistic regression to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Results: We identified 2492 injured pregnant women. Most birth outcomes studied, including placental abruption, induction of labor, premature rupture of membranes, cesarean delivery, maternal death, gestational age <37 weeks, fetal distress, fetal death, neonatal respiratory distress, and neonatal death, showed no association with trauma hospital level designation. Patients at trauma Level 1–2 hospitals had a 43% increased odds of preterm labor (95% CI: 1.15–1.79) and a 66% increased odds of meconium at delivery (95% CI: 1.05–2.61) compared to those treated at Level 3–4 hospitals. Patients with an injury severity score >9, treated at trauma Level 1–2 hospitals, had an aOR of low birth weight, <2500 g, of 2.52 (95% CI: 1.12–5.64).Conclusions: The majority of birth outcomes for injured patients had no association with hospitalization at a Level 1–2 compared to a Level 3–4 trauma center.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):142-149
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_17_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Computed tomography pattern of traumatic head injury in Niger Delta,
           Nigeria: A multicenter evaluation

    • Authors: Chinwe Regina Onwuchekwa, Nengi S Alazigha
      Pages: 150 - 155
      Abstract: Chinwe Regina Onwuchekwa, Nengi S Alazigha
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):150-155
      Background and Purpose: Traumatic head injury has a high mortality and morbidity in low- and middle-income countries. Brain injury following trauma is the cause of death in about one-third of patients that die after trauma. The aim of the study was to assess the pattern of computed tomography (CT) findings in head trauma at the tertiary health institutions serving the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.Patients and Methods: The CT scans of the head of 310 consecutive patients referred specifically for evaluation of head injury were prospectively reviewed. The images acquired were analyzed by the radiologists. The radiological features and anatomical distribution of the lesions on the CT Images were assessed and documented. Patients with congenital abnormalities of the head and those whose fall or injury were secondary to stroke were excluded from the study. The Ethical Committee of our institutions gave approval for the study.Results: There were 225 (72.58%) males and 85 (27.42%) females. About 44.84% of the patients were in the third and fourth decades of life. The major causes of head injury were road traffic accidents in 67.74%, falls in 14.84%, and assaults in 7.42%. Most of the patients 102 (33.0%) presented within the 1st week of injury. Cranial fractures were found in 87 (28.06%) patients. In this series, 111 (35.81%) had normal CT findings while 199 (64.19%) had abnormal CT findings. Intra-axial lesions were the most common, constituting 131 (42.26%) cases.Conclusion: This study had demonstrated that majority of head trauma evaluated by CT were associated with cranial and brain injuries. Intra-axial injuries are more prevalent. Poor health facilities and bad road networks in addition to being risk factors for head injury also hamper the management of head-injured patients as shown by the long duration of injury before health facilities are accessed.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):150-155
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_6_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comparison of pulmonary artery catheter, echocardiography, and arterial
           waveform analysis monitoring in predicting the hemodynamic state during
           and after cardiac surgery

    • Authors: Paul Power, Allison Bone, Nicholas Simpson, Cheng-Hon Yap, Simon Gower, Michael Bailey
      Pages: 156 - 162
      Abstract: Paul Power, Allison Bone, Nicholas Simpson, Cheng-Hon Yap, Simon Gower, Michael Bailey
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):156-162
      Objective: The aim of this trial was to determine whether Flotrac Vigileo™ (FV™) provides a reliable representation of the hemodynamic state of a cardiac surgical patient population when compared to pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and echocardiography in the peril-operative period.Design: This was a prospective observational trial comparing perioperative hemodynamic states using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), FV™ and PAC during and post cardiothoracic surgery.Setting: Tertiary regional hospital Intensive Care Unit (ICU).Participants: 50 consecutive adult cardiothoracic patients with written consent provided.Intervention: Comparison of the perioperative hemodynamic states using echocardiography, FV™ and PAC was performed. Evaluation of the hemodynamic state (HDS) was performed using TEE, TTE, PAC and FV™ during and after cardiac surgery. Data were compared between the three hemodynamic assessment modalities. Main Outcome Measure: Predicted hemodynamic state.Results: FV™ and PAC were shown to correlate poorly with TEE/TTE assessment of the hemodynamic state. Both PAC and FV™ showed significant discordance with echocardiographic assessment of the hemodynamic state.Conclusions: In this trial, FV™ and PAC were shown to agree poorly with TTE/TEE assessment of the HDS in an adult cardiothoracic population. Agreement between the FV™ and PAC was also poor. Caution is recommended in interpreting isolated hemodynamic monitoring data. All hemodynamic monitoring devices have inherent sources of error. Caution is advised in interpreting any single device or measurement as a gold standard. We suggest that hemodynamic measuring devices such as FV™/PAC may act as triggers for a global hemodynamic assessment including consideration of TTE/TEE.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):156-162
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.214411
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Data availability and feasibility of various techniques to predict
           response to volume expansion in critically ill patients

    • Authors: Michael J Lanspa, Benjamin J Briggs, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Cristina M Pratt, Colin K Grissom, Samuel M Brown
      Pages: 163 - 165
      Abstract: Michael J Lanspa, Benjamin J Briggs, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Cristina M Pratt, Colin K Grissom, Samuel M Brown
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):163-165
      Objective: The accuracy of various techniques to predict response to volume expansion in shock has been studied, but less well known is how feasible these techniques are in the ICU.Methods: This is a prospective observation single-center study of inpatients from a mixed profile ICU who received volume expansion. At time of volume expansion, we determined whether a particular technique to predict response was feasible, according to rules developed from available literature and nurse assessment.Results: We studied 214 volume expansions in 97 patients. The most feasible technique was central venous pressure (50%), followed by vena cava collapsibility, (47%) passive leg raise (42%), and stroke volume variation (22%). Aortic velocity variation, and pulse pressure variation, and were rarely feasible (1% each). In 37% of volume expansions, no technique that we assessed was feasible.Conclusions: Techniques to predict response to volume expansion are infeasible in many patients in shock.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):163-165
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.214412
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Using bayesian model to estimate the cost of traffic injuries in Iran in
           2013

    • Authors: Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Ayad Bahadorimonfared
      Pages: 166 - 171
      Abstract: Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Ayad Bahadorimonfared
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):166-171
      Background and Aim: A significant social and economic burden inflicts by road traffic injuries (RTIs). We aimed to use Bayesian model, to present the precise method, and to estimate the cost of RTIs in Iran in 2013.Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study on costs resulting from traffic injuries, 846 people per road user were randomly selected and investigated during 3 months (1st September–1st December) in 2013. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard for willingness to pay (WTP) method considering perceived risks, especially in Iran. Data were collected along with four scenarios for occupants, pedestrians, vehicle drivers, and motorcyclists. Inclusion criterion was having at least high school education and being in the age range of 18–65 years old; risk perception was an important factor to the study and measured by visual tool. Samples who did not have risk perception were excluded from the study. Main outcome measure was cost estimation of traffic injuries using WTP method.Results: Mean WTP was 2,612,050 internal rate of return (IRR) among these road users. Statistical value of life was estimated according to 20,408 death cases 402,314,106,073,648 IRR, equivalent to 13,410,470,202$ based on the dollar free market rate of 30,000 IRR (purchase power parity). In sum, injury and death cases came to 1,171,450,232,238,648 IRR equivalents to 39,048,341,074$. Moreover, in 2013, costs of traffic accident constituted 6.46% of gross national income, which was 604,300,000,000$. WTP had a significant relationship with age, middle and high income, daily payment to injury reduction, more payment to time reduction, trip mileage, private cars drivers, bus, minibus vehicles, and occupants (P < 0.01).Conclusion: Costs of traffic injuries included noticeable portion of gross national income. If policy-making and resource allocation are made based on the scientific pieces of evidence, an enormous amount of capital can be saved through reducing death and injury rates.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):166-171
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_104_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The pulmonary artery catheter in 2008 &#8211; A (finally) maturing
           modality?

    • Authors: Stanislaw P Stawicki, Mark P Prosciak
      Pages: 172 - 176
      Abstract: Stanislaw P Stawicki, Mark P Prosciak
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):172-176
      The first description of the flow-directed pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) was published in the 1970s by Jeremy Swan and William Ganz. Ever since its clinical debut, many controversies surrounded the use of the PAC. Regardless of these controversies, the most fundamental issues surrounding this hemodynamic monitoring device remain unresolved, including the exact indications, contraindications, identification of patients who potentially benefit from this technology, and the way we interpret and use PAC-derived parameters. Despite recent intensification of attacks against the use of the PAC by its opponents, it seems overly harsh to discount a technology that might be beneficial in appropriately selected clinical situations, especially when considering the fact that our true knowledge of this technology is somewhat limited. In fact, the PAC may still play an important role considering the resurgence of the concepts of euvolemic resuscitation and hemodynamic sufficiency.Republished with Permission from: Stawicki SP, Prosciak MP. The pulmonary artery catheter in 2008 – a (finally) maturing modality? OPUS 12 Scientist 2008;2(4):5-9.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):172-176
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_57_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Acute hypophysitis secondary to nivolumab immunotherapy in a patient with
           metastatic melanoma

    • Authors: Sugabramya Kuru, Nazia Khan, Hamid Shaaban
      Pages: 177 - 180
      Abstract: Sugabramya Kuru, Nazia Khan, Hamid Shaaban
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):177-180
      The treatment for melanoma is challenging because of its nature of being refractory particularly in metastatic stages. Treatment options include surgical resection of the lesion, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Immunotherapy such as anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 and anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) are increasingly being used in the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma. Nivolumab is a PD-1 inhibitor used for the treatment of malignant melanoma. In our case, an 83-year-old patient presented with enlarged inguinal lymphadenopathy 2 years after curative surgical resection of her toes secondary to melanoma. She was started on nivolumab therapy after positron emission tomography (PET) –computed tomography scan and biopsy confirmed metastatic melanoma. She was responding well to the treatment as evidenced by repeated PET scan. Unfortunately thereafter, she was hospitalized with severe lethargy and generalized weakness attributed to immune-related adverse effects of thyroiditis and hypophysitis. Therefore, nivolumab was discontinued, and she was treated with high dose steroids and thyroid supplementation. The most common side effects of nivolumab therapy are immune-mediated colitis, immune-mediated hypothyroidism, immune-mediated hyperthyroidism, and immune-mediated adrenal insufficiency. It is important for clinicians to monitor patients closely with appropriate laboratories and regular follow-ups to identify side effects early so that they can be treated appropriately.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):177-180
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_15_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Dermal tattooing following intravenous methylene blue for refractory
           hypotension after coronary artery bypass grafting

    • Authors: Amar M Bhatt, Ravi S Tripathi, Kenneth R Moran, Thomas J Papadimos
      Pages: 181 - 182
      Abstract: Amar M Bhatt, Ravi S Tripathi, Kenneth R Moran, Thomas J Papadimos
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):181-182
      The authors present an image of a middle-aged male after coronary artery bypass grafting who received intravenous methylene blue for refractory hypotension that resulted in dermal tattooing/staining of the venous vasculature of his left shoulder and left upper chest.Republished with permission from: Bhatt AM, Tripathi RS, Moran KR, Papadimos TJ. Dermal tattooing following intravenous methylene blue for refractory hypotension after coronary artery bypass grafting. OPUS 12 Scientist 2012;6(1):11.
      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):181-182
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_56_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Comment on the Edwards FloTrac™/Vigileo versus pulmonary artery
           catheter study: What is really going on with this patient?

    • Authors: Alex Botsch, Michael S Firstenberg
      Pages: 183 - 184
      Abstract: Alex Botsch, Michael S Firstenberg
      International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):183-184

      Citation: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science 2017 7(3):183-184
      PubDate: Tue,12 Sep 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_44_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
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