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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2229-516X
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Oxidative stress in diabetic patients with sickle-cell anemia: A warning
           call for endemic areas

    • Authors: Rajiv Mahajan
      Pages: 65 - 66
      Abstract: Rajiv Mahajan
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):65-66

      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):65-66
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_104_18
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Mental healthcare Act 2017: Need to wait and watch

    • Authors: Abhisek Mishra, Abhiruchi Galhotra
      Pages: 67 - 70
      Abstract: Abhisek Mishra, Abhiruchi Galhotra
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):67-70
      Mental health is different from general health as in certain circumstances mentally ill people may not be in a position to make decisions on their own. Those who suffer rarely get access to appropriate medical treatment as their families try to hide their condition out of a sense of shame. Over 300 million people are estimated to suffer from depression, equivalent to 4.4% of the world's total population. According to a study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, 1 in 40 and 1 in 20 people are suffering from the past and current episodes of depression in India. In spite of this big burden of mental health issues, unfortunately, it continues to be misunderstood in developing countries like India. The new Mental Healthcare Act 2017 rescinds/revoked the existing Mental Healthcare Act 1987 which had been widely criticized for not recognizing the rights of a mentally ill person.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):67-70
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_328_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Prospective randomized comparative study to evaluate epidural fibrosis and
           surgical outcome in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy with epidural
           autologous free fat graft or gelfoam: A preliminary study

    • Authors: Shivender Sobti, Ashwani Grover, B Paul S John, Sarvpreet Singh Grewal, Uttam B George
      Pages: 71 - 75
      Abstract: Shivender Sobti, Ashwani Grover, B Paul S John, Sarvpreet Singh Grewal, Uttam B George
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):71-75
      Introduction: Epidural fibrosis (EF) contributes to unsatisfactory relief of symptoms and failed back syndrome after spine surgery. EF around the nerve root can be more refractory to treatment than the original disc herniation itself. Reoperation on the scar can produce more scarring. Few studies have been conducted regarding the type of material to be used for decreasing EF. Materials and Methods: The prospective randomized comparative study was conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery and Radiodiagnosis, of a tertiary care hospital. Informed and written consent was obtained. Patients previously unoperated with symptoms and radiological features of lumbar spinal canal stenosis were included in the study. Fifteen patients were assigned to Group A (free fat graft) and 15 patients in Group B (Gelfoam group). Postoperatively, at 3 and 6 months, clinical outcome was evaluated and EF was assessed on CE-MRI. Results: Age and sex were comparable in both groups. The pain relief at 3 and 6 months was more in Group A as compared to Group B. In Group A, on CEMRI at 3 months, 87% of patients had none to mild fibrosis, with none had extensive fibrosis. The CEMRI at 6 months showed no increase in fibrosis. In Group B, 80% of patients had none to mild fibrosis at the end of 3 months. At 6 months, 13.3% patients had extensive fibrosis. The extent of EF was found to be statistically significant at 6 months postsurgery. Conclusion: Use of free fat graft at laminectomy site helps in reducing EF.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):71-75
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_349_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration cytology according
           to bethesda system and its histopathological correlation

    • Authors: Shirish S Nandedkar, Monal Dixit, Kamal Malukani, Amit V Varma, Shankhini Gambhir
      Pages: 76 - 82
      Abstract: Shirish S Nandedkar, Monal Dixit, Kamal Malukani, Amit V Varma, Shankhini Gambhir
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):76-82
      Background: The Bethesda system is a uniform reporting system for thyroid cytology that facilitates the clarity of communication among cytopathologists, radiologists, and surgeons and facilitates cytohistologic correlation for thyroid diseases. Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) based on Bethesda system of reporting and to correlate the cytological findings with histopathology. Materials and Methods: A total of 606 patients with thyroid lesions were studied by FNAC at our institute between January 1, 2006, and January 31, 2016, and results were compared with histopathology wherever possible. Results: Based on the Bethesda system of classification of thyroid lesions, out of 580 satisfactory samples; 501 lesions were diagnosed as benign (Group 1), five were in category of atypical follicular lesion of atypia undetermined significance (Group 2), 55 were diagnosed as suspicious for follicular neoplasm (Group 3), 7 as suspicious for malignancy (Group 4), and 12 cases were malignant (Group 5). 26 aspirates were nondiagnostic even after reaspiration. In the present study, cytohistopathological correlation was done in 148 benign and 18 malignant lesions. The sensitivity of FNAC was 85.7%, specificity 98.6%, and diagnostic accuracy 97.7%. Conclusion: Reviewing the thyroid FNAs with the Bethesda system for reporting allowed precise cytological diagnosis. It represents standardization and reproducibility in reporting thyroid cytology with improved clinical significance and greater predictive value. Nature of the disease, experience of cytopathologist, and understanding of certain limitations determine its diagnostic utility.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):76-82
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_169_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Correlation of severity of functional gastrointestinal disease symptoms
           with that of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A
           multicenter study

    • Authors: Umesh Chandra Ojha, Devesh Pratap Singh, Omkar Kalidasrao Choudhari, Dipti Gothi, Shweta Singh
      Pages: 83 - 88
      Abstract: Umesh Chandra Ojha, Devesh Pratap Singh, Omkar Kalidasrao Choudhari, Dipti Gothi, Shweta Singh
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):83-88
      Introduction: There is a growing clinical awareness about the influence of gut–lung axis on lung injury and coexisting manifestations of disease processes in both the intestine and lungs. Patients of chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma very often present with coexistent gut symptoms. In the present study, we have tried to establish the correlation of severity of pulmonary pathology of COPD and asthma patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of the patients. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective, questionnaire-based study comprising patients with asthma and COPD. After following strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 200 patients (100 patients of bronchial asthma and 100 patients of COPD) were included in the study. Functional GI symptom questionnaire [Annexure 1-Bowel Disease Questionnaire] is based on ROME III diagnostic criteria. On the basis of GOLD (Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease) guidelines, COPD patients were divided into 4 categories (mild - GOLD 1, moderate – GOLD2, severe – GOLD3 and very severe – GOLD4). Asthma patients were divided into three categories (well controlled, partly controlled, uncontrolled) on the basis of GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) guidelines. Results: Highest percentage of patients with maximum GI symptoms was found in “GOLD-4” group among COPD patients and “uncontrolled” group among asthma patients. Highest percentage of patients with least GI symptoms was found in “GOLD-1” group among COPD patients and “well controlled” group among asthma patients. Conclusion: We can conclude from our study that the phenomenon of gut–lung axis not only exists but also the severity of symptoms of one system (gut) carries a high degree of concordance with severity of other (lung).
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):83-88
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_258_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A study of depression, externalizing, and internalizing behaviors among
           adolescents living in institutional homes

    • Authors: Archana Vinnakota, Ravneet Kaur
      Pages: 89 - 95
      Abstract: Archana Vinnakota, Ravneet Kaur
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):89-95
      Background: Adolescence, a psychologically vulnerable stage of life, when coupled with stressful environment such as institutional homes, may result in high psychiatric morbidity. These psychiatric disorders including depression are detrimental to the psychological development in adolescents. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to describe and study the extent of depression in adolescent boys and girls living in institutional homes and to study the association between depression and externalizing and Internalizing behaviors among adolescents in institutional homes. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was done on 150 adolescents staying in institutional homes in Visakhapatnam city. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data. Patient Health Questionnaire was used to screen for Depression. Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to score for externalizing and internalizing behaviors. Statistical analysis was done using descriptive statistics and tests of association. P < 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Clinical Depression was found in 19 (12.7%) out of 150 adolescents. Subclinical mild depression was found in 19.3% of the sample. Depression was found to be significantly associated with gender and academic performance. Externalizing and internalizing behaviors were positively correlated with depression while prosocial behavior was negatively correlated with depression. Conclusion: Depression has high prevalence in institutionalized adolescents. Those adolescents who show signs of externalizing or internalizing behaviors should be especially screened for depression. Further research should be done to collect more data in this regard and to focus on designing interventions for its prevention, screening, and treatment.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):89-95
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Morphology of intra-articular structures and histology of menisci of knee
           joint

    • Authors: Monika Gupta, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Poonam Singh, Anu Sharma
      Pages: 96 - 99
      Abstract: Monika Gupta, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Poonam Singh, Anu Sharma
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):96-99
      Introduction: Menisci and cruciate ligaments are intra-articular structures of knee, and injury to these structures is common. Morphometric data gained in the study will help in analyzing the variations among humans and correlating it with the possibility, location, and type of injuries as well as better interpretation of structures during magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy which will further help in reconstructive surgeries of knee. Materials and Methods: Width and thickness of the medial menisci (MM), lateral menisci (LM), and maximum length and width of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) were taken on twenty knees. Histological examination of menisci was done. Results: Width of MM was 0.601–0.700 cm at anterior horn (AH) in 45% of cases, 1.000–1.500 cm at posterior horn (PH) in 60% of cases, and 1.000-1.500 cm at body in 30% of cases. Thickness of MM at AH (45%) and PH (40%) was 0.401–0.500 cm and at body (35%) was 0.501–0.600 cm. Width of LM at AH (35%) was 0.801–0.900 cm, at PH (45%) was 0.901–1.000 cm, and at body (35%) was 1.000–1.500 cm. Thickness of LM at AH (45%) was 0.301–0.400 cm, at PH (50%) was 0.401–0.500 cm, and at body (40%) was 0.601–0.700 cm. Length of ACL in maximum percentage of specimens (55%) was 3.01-3.50 cm. Width of ACL in 25% specimens were 0.801-0.900 cm and in another 25% specimens were 1.001-1.500 cm. Length of PCL in maximum percentage of specimens ( 50 %) was 3.51-4.00 cm. Width of PCL in 80 % of specimens was 1.001-1.500 cm. Histological examination of menisci showed fibrocartilage (outer two-thirds) and hyaline cartilage (inner one-third). Orientation of fibers was circumferential with intermingled radial fibers. Fibroblasts, chondrocytes, and unclassified cells were arranged as single, paired, or in rows along the direction of fibers except in hyalinized part. Blood vessels were present toward the peripheral part. Conclusions: The maximum width of MM was at PH and for LM it was at the body. Maximum thickness was at the body for MM as well as LM. Width of PCL was more as compared to ACL.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):96-99
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_320_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Dissemination of multidrug-resistant, Class I and II integrons and
           molecular typing of CTX-M-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • Authors: Alisha Akya, Azam Elahi, Roya Chegenelorestani, Mahya Rezaee
      Pages: 100 - 105
      Abstract: Alisha Akya, Azam Elahi, Roya Chegenelorestani, Mahya Rezaee
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):100-105
      Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is an important opportunistic pathogen causes serious community and hospital-acquired infections, which is highly resistant to antibiotics. We aimed to determine the frequency of multidrug resistant (MDR) and molecular typing of clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae. Methodology: One hundred isolates of K. pneumoniae were collected from clinical samples in three general hospitals in Kermanshah. The antimicrobial susceptibility and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) production of isolates were determined using disk diffusion and combined disk methods, respectively. The blaCTX-Mgene, class I and II integrons were detected using polymerase chain reaction. The blaCTX-Mpositive isolates were selected for genotyping using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Results: MDR phenotype was observed in 56% of isolates. The 40% of isolates were ESBL positive and 35 isolates contained blaCTX-M. Class I and II of integrons were detected in 50 (89.2%) and 39 (69.6%) of MDR isolates, respectively. PFGE patterns of K. pneumoniae blaCTX-Mpositive isolates indicated 19 clusters (X1-19) with different genotype patterns. Conclusions: The study findings highlight the concern of circulating MDR strains of K. pneumoniae with blaCTX-Mand class I and II integrons in Kermanshah hospitals. The presence of integrons among isolates may facilitate the spread of new resistance genes in this bacterium. Therefore, surveillance for the spread of MDR strains of this bacterium is recommended in hospitals.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):100-105
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Insulin sensitivity, inflammation, and basal metabolic rate in adults with
           sickle cell anemia

    • Authors: Kehinde Sola Akinlade, Ayodeji Samuel Kumuyi, Sheu Kadiri Rahamon, John Ayodele Olaniyi
      Pages: 106 - 110
      Abstract: Kehinde Sola Akinlade, Ayodeji Samuel Kumuyi, Sheu Kadiri Rahamon, John Ayodele Olaniyi
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):106-110
      Background: Chronic inflammation and elevated basal metabolic rate (BMR) are established features of sickle-cell anemia (SCA). However, there is little information on the possible impacts of these afore-mentioned features on glycemia and insulin sensitivity status of this group of people. Aim: This study aims to determine the insulin sensitivity status as well the effect of BMR on glycemia in adults with SCA in steady state. Materials and Methods: Fifty participants comprising 30 adults with SCA in steady state and 20 age- and gender-matched apparently healthy adults with hemoglobin genotype AA (HbAA) genotype that served as controls. Anthropometric and clinical indices were obtained using standard methods. After an overnight fast, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and serum insulin levels were determined using the glucose oxidase method and ELISA, respectively. Indices of insulin sensitivity and β-cell function as well as BMR were appropriately calculated. Results: The mean fasting insulin resistance (IR) index, homeostatic model of assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) and of β-cell function (HOMA2-β%), and mean insulin level were significantly lower while the mean HOMA of insulin sensitivity (HOMA2-S%), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, inverse of insulin sensitivity (1/FI), glucose-insulin ratio, C-reactive protein (CRP), and BMR was significantly higher in patients with SCA compared with the controls. The mean FPG and insulin levels and the mean values of indices of insulin sensitivity and secretion were not significantly different in SCA patients with elevated BMR compared with SCA patients with lower BMR. In addition, BMR had no significant correlation with FPG and HOMA-IR in patients with SCA. Conclusion: Despite the established chronic inflammation in SCA patients in steady state, they seem to have better insulin sensitivity status but impaired β-cell activity when compared with adults with HbAA. Furthermore, BMR does not have any pronounced effect on glycemic and insulin sensitivity status in SCA patients in steady state.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):106-110
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_96_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Effect of short-term consumption of amul probiotic yogurt containing
           Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on salivary
           streptococcus mutans count in high caries risk individuals

    • Authors: Harshal Prakash Bafna, CG Ajithkrishnan, Thanveer Kalantharakath, Ricky Pal Singh, Pulkit Kalyan, Jagadishchandra Bheemasain Vathar, Hemal R Patel
      Pages: 111 - 115
      Abstract: Harshal Prakash Bafna, CG Ajithkrishnan, Thanveer Kalantharakath, Ricky Pal Singh, Pulkit Kalyan, Jagadishchandra Bheemasain Vathar, Hemal R Patel
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):111-115
      Aim: This study aims to study the effect of short-term consumption of probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on salivary Streptococcus mutans count in high caries risk individuals. Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized control trial was conducted, and 70 high caries risk individuals with a salivary S. mutans count of more than 106 CFU/ml of saliva were followed for 4 weeks. Participants ingested 100 g yogurt containing L. acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 or yogurt without the two probiotic bacteria once daily at the end of meals for initial 2 weeks. Salivary S. mutans were enumerated in the laboratory by selective culture media. Results: A statistically significant reduction (P < 0.05) of salivary S. mutans was recorded after probiotic yogurt consumption with minimal residual effect, which was in contrast to the controls. Conclusion: L. acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 present in the yogurt were effective in reducing the S. mutans levels in saliva.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):111-115
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_447_16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Inhibition of spontaneous contractility of isolated caprine ureter by
           flupirtine

    • Authors: Girish S Naik, Rohit Kodagali, Manoj G Tyagi, Kalpana Ernest, Margaret Shanthi, Sumith K Mathew, Jacob Peedicayil
      Pages: 116 - 119
      Abstract: Girish S Naik, Rohit Kodagali, Manoj G Tyagi, Kalpana Ernest, Margaret Shanthi, Sumith K Mathew, Jacob Peedicayil
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):116-119
      Context: Kv7 potassium channels are expressed in several types of smooth muscles and could mediate physiological responses in the tissues expressed. Flupirtine is an analgesic that acts by opening Kv7 potassium channels. It has been shown to inhibit the contractility of several types of isolated smooth muscle. Aims: This study investigated the ability of flupirtine to inhibit the spontaneous contractility of isolated distal caprine (goat) ureter. Settings and Design: Spontaneous contractility of the isolated goat ureter was recorded using a physiograph. Materials and Methods: The ability of 1, 3, 10, 30, and 90 μM concentrations of flupirtine maleate to inhibit the spontaneous contractility of isolated distal goat ureter was investigated. The ability of the nonspecific potassium channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 1 mM) and the specific Kv7 channel blocker XE-991 (100 μM) to reverse the inhibitory effect of flupirtine on ureteric contractility was also investigated. Statistical Analysis Used: Both parametric and nonparametric statistical tests were used. Results: At 10, 30, and 90 μM concentrations, flupirtine significantly inhibited the spontaneous contractility of the isolated goat ureter. The EC50of flupirtine for a contact period of 10 min was 17.7 μM. The inhibitory effect of flupirtine on ureteric contractility was significantly reversed by 4-AP and XE-991. Conclusions: Flupirtine inhibits the spontaneous contractility of the isolated goat ureter by opening Kv7 channels.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):116-119
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_159_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Right sided pseudotumor sternocleidomastoid with left clavicle fracture

    • Authors: Shilpa Prabhu, Amal Faisal Al Abdulla, Magdy Ramadan Abdulmaaboud
      Pages: 120 - 121
      Abstract: Shilpa Prabhu, Amal Faisal Al Abdulla, Magdy Ramadan Abdulmaaboud
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):120-121
      Here, we present a rare case of unilateral fibromatosis colli of the sternocleidomastoid in an infant with contralateral clavicle fracture after assisted vaginal delivery. We also try to reason that because of right sternocleidomastoid tension, the fracture in the right clavicle was avoided, and because of left-sided clavicle fracture, left sternocleidomastoid muscle did not form pseudotumor as there was release of tension in these muscle fibers after fracture.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):120-121
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_164_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Management of recurrent rhinomaxillary mucormycosis and nasal myiasis in
           an uncontrolled diabetic patient: A systematic approach

    • Authors: NM Manjunath, Preema Melani Pinto
      Pages: 122 - 125
      Abstract: NM Manjunath, Preema Melani Pinto
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):122-125
      Mucormycosis is a rare but often fatal fungal infection caused by a group of fungus known as the Mucorales. This fungus can cause varieties of infections in human beings, especially in an immunocompromised condition. According to various studies, the mortality rate ranges from 10% to 100% depending on the location and site of infection accompanied by underlying diseases. Rhinomaxillary involvement is the most common form of mucormycosis predominantly occurring in patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Necrosis of the maxilla in patients with rhinomaxillary form is less evident as the maxilla is richly vascular, but in case of immunocompromised status, it becomes a common clinical finding. Due to the necrosis of the maxilla, maggots have been found in the nasal and oral cavity which adds to the deteriorating clinical condition. This case report describes a combined medical, surgical, psychological, and prosthetic approach in effectively managing one such case of rhinomaxillary mucormycosis.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):122-125
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_22_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Bilateral metachronous breast carcinoma: A rare case report

    • Authors: Anand Singla, Navneet Kaur, Darshanjeet Singh Walia, Deeksha Singla
      Pages: 126 - 128
      Abstract: Anand Singla, Navneet Kaur, Darshanjeet Singh Walia, Deeksha Singla
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):126-128
      The occurrence of bilateral breast cancer is rare. A second primary in the contralateral breast can either be synchronous or metachronous. Lobular carcinoma of the breast is known for its multicentricity and bilateral spread. The synchronous mixed pattern of carcinoma of the breast has also been reported in the same breast. The family history of breast carcinoma, estrogen receptor negativity, and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positivity are risk factors for the development of contralateral breast malignancy. In metachronous, bilateral breast cancer (MBBC) usually a single histological variant is seen at different time periods. However, we report a rare case of MBBC in a 66-year-old female patient with positive family history who had infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) in the left breast followed by infiltrating ductal carcinoma in the right breast after a span of 2½ years, even after undergoing modified radical mastectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy followed by hormonal therapy for ILC of left breast.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):126-128
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_384_16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Incidental case of left lung hypoplasia in a postabortal young female

    • Authors: Darshan Kumar Bajaj, R AS Kushwaha, Rajiv Garg, Jyoti Bajpai, Abhishek Dubey, Surya Kant, Mona Asnani
      Pages: 129 - 131
      Abstract: Darshan Kumar Bajaj, R AS Kushwaha, Rajiv Garg, Jyoti Bajpai, Abhishek Dubey, Surya Kant, Mona Asnani
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):129-131
      Congenital malformations of the lung are extremely rare with an incidence of pulmonary hypoplasia around 1–2/12,000 births. Boyden has categorized three degrees of malformation including (i) agenesis in which there is complete absence of the lung and bronchus and no vascular supply to the affected side, (ii) aplasia in which there is the presence of rudimentary bronchus with the absence of pulmonary parenchyma, and (iii) hypoplasia in which there are variable amounts of bronchial tree, pulmonary parenchyma, and supporting vasculature. Here, we present an incidental case of pulmonary hypoplasia in a young female.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):129-131
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_225_17
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Splenic hematoma mimicking rupture uterus: A diagnostic dilemma

    • Authors: Vishnu Bhartiya, Richa Sharma
      Pages: 132 - 134
      Abstract: Vishnu Bhartiya, Richa Sharma
      International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):132-134
      Spontaneous splenic hematoma occurring during pregnancy is a rare entity. It often occurs in preexisting pathology of the spleen such as thalassemia or infectious etiologies such as malaria, typhoid, dengue, or infectious mononucleosis but most commonly after a trauma. The occurrence of splenic hematoma during pregnancy without any underlying cause is rare. Here, we present such a case and the diagnostic dilemma associated with it.
      Citation: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research 2018 8(2):132-134
      PubDate: Thu,19 Apr 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_458_16
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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