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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 426 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 426 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  

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Indian Journal of Public Health
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0019-557X - ISSN (Online) 2229-7693
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [426 journals]
  • Silent drivers of childhood obesity in India

    • Authors: Sanjay Chaturvedi
      Pages: 91 - 93
      Abstract: Sanjay Chaturvedi
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):91-93

      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):91-93
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_155_19
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Why tuberculosis patients under revised national tuberculosis control
           programme delay in health-care seeking? A mixed-methods research from
           Wardha District, Maharashtra

    • Authors: Anuj Mundra, Pranali Kothekar, Pradeep Ramrao Deshmukh, Amol Dongre
      Pages: 94 - 100
      Abstract: Anuj Mundra, Pranali Kothekar, Pradeep Ramrao Deshmukh, Amol Dongre
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):94-100
      Background: Timely treatment of tuberculosis is imperative for its control. This can get delayed due to delay in care seeking, diagnosis or treatment initiation. Objectives: The study aims to find out the magnitude of delays in care seeking, diagnosis or treatment initiation, and understand the reasons behind these delays in Wardha district of Maharashtra, India. Methods: A mixed methods study was conducted among 275 patients selected from those enrolled under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in 2014. We collected information regarding the duration of delays and generated a free list of reasons for delays in care seeking and diagnosis. The free list items were then subjected to pile sorting. Two-dimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering analysis were performed to identify the various domains of reasons for delays. Results: The median delay in initial care seeking and diagnosis was 10 days each, and that for treatment initiation was 2 days. The domains identified for delay in care seeking were negligence toward health, health conditions, facility-related issues, and household and social reasons. The domains identified for delay in diagnosis were system-related reasons; and patient-related reasons, each of them further having two subdomains. Conclusions: Interventions for reducing the knowledge gap and stigma, increasing the accessibility of services, active case finding; capacity building of providers, quality assured sputum microscopy, and communication skills will help reduce these delays.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):94-100
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_138_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Concordance between two versions of world health
           organization/international society of hypertension risk prediction chart
           and framingham risk score among postmenopausal women in a rural area of
           Bangladesh

    • Authors: Lingkan Barua, Mithila Faruque, Palash Chandra Banik, Liaquat Ali
      Pages: 101 - 106
      Abstract: Lingkan Barua, Mithila Faruque, Palash Chandra Banik, Liaquat Ali
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):101-106
      Background: Prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among postmenopausal women with limited resource is a great challenge for a country like Bangladesh. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the level of agreement among different risk prediction tools to find out the cost-effective and suitable one that can be applied in a low-resource setting. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from February through December 2016 among 265 postmenopausal women of 40–70 years age. Data were collected from the outpatient department of a rural health-care center situated in the village Karamtola of Gazipur district, Bangladesh. The CVD risk was estimated using the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) “with” and “without” cholesterol risk charts and the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). Concordance among the tools was evaluated using Cohen's kappa (κ), prevalence-adjusted bias-adjusted kappa (PABAK), and first-order agreement coefficient (AC1). Results: The “without” cholesterol version showed 79% concordance against the “with” cholesterol and 75.4% concordance against the FRS. In between the WHO/ISH risk charts, slight-to-substantial levels of agreement (κ = 0.14, PABAK = 0.58, and AC1 = 0.72; P = 0.023) were observed. With FRS, the “without” cholesterol version showed higher agreement (κ = 0.38, fair; PABAK = 0.50, moderate; and AC1 = 0.60, moderate; P = 0.000) compared to “with” cholesterol version (κ = 0.13, slight; PABAK = 0.30, fair; and AC1 = 0.44, moderate; P = 0.013). Predictability of CVD risk positive (≥10%) cases was similar for both the versions of WHO/ISH risk charts. Conclusion: In a low-resource setting, the “without” cholesterol version of WHO/ISH risk chart is a good option to detect and target the population with high CVD risk.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):101-106
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_178_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Burden of dengue in Kerala using disability-adjusted life years from 2006
           to 2016

    • Authors: Zinia T Nujum, K Vijayakumar, V Meenakshy, M Saboora Beegum
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Zinia T Nujum, K Vijayakumar, V Meenakshy, M Saboora Beegum
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):107-113
      Background: State-specific disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) are seldom calculated. Understanding the health and disease trends in groups of states is useful for finding the heterogeneity of disease epidemiology in the country. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess dengue burden in Kerala state, using DALY. Methods: DALY was computed using the DALY package of R. Incidence was derived using reported and estimated dengue cases for 2006–2016. Mortality was calculated using reported deaths. We computed DALYs using the mortality estimates for the South-East Asia region (SEAR) also. Sensitivity and scenario analyses were done. Results: The highest estimated relative DALY for dengue is 7.22 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.66–7.72) per lakh population. The DALY obtained using the mortality rates of SEAR ranged from 19.89 (95% CI: 8.44–29.45) per lakh population to 28.56 (95% CI: 17.04–38.05). We observed a cyclical pattern of increase in DALY every 2–3 years. The DALY in lower age groups is lesser. DALY in females was higher than males. Conclusions: The dengue-related DALY for the state of Kerala is lower than that of the global burden of disease due to lower mortality rates. Mortality reduction becomes the key to reducing burden, especially in areas of low incidence. The study also forms the benchmark for evaluating and implementing cost-effective measures for dengue control in the state.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):107-113
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_166_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Prevalence and predictors of self-reported risk behaviors among male
           injecting drug users

    • Authors: Deepak Sharma, Naveen Krishan Goel, Dinesh Kumar Walia, Meenal Madhukar Thakare, Vanita Gupta, Sandeep Mittal
      Pages: 114 - 118
      Abstract: Deepak Sharma, Naveen Krishan Goel, Dinesh Kumar Walia, Meenal Madhukar Thakare, Vanita Gupta, Sandeep Mittal
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):114-118
      Background: Unsafe injecting drug use is a documented risk factor for the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Harm reduction strategy aims at reducing this deleterious consequence. Objectives: To study the prevalence and predictors of injecting as well as sexual risk behavior among male injecting drug users (IDUs). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 male IDUs from January 2017 to March 2018. Risk behavioral data were collected after obtaining informed consent of the study participants. This included information on sharing, reusing needles/injections, and sexual behavior. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression model was run using the Epi Info software version 7.2 for Windows. Results: In the past one month, 25.3% had shared needles/syringes by either borrowing or lending or both. Inconsistent condom use during sexual intercourse with a regular, casual, and paid sex partner was practiced by 64.7% (77/119), 65.8% (48/73), and 45.0% (18/40), respectively. The binary logistic regression analysis revealed that unsafe injecting drug behavior was higher among daily users: (OR = 3.0 [1.3–6.6]) and comparatively lower among those who preferred to avail needles/syringes from Needle Syringe Exchange Program (OR = 0.4 [0.2–0.9]); as compared to their counterparts. Conclusions: The findings suggest that IDUs in the study area are engaging in risk behaviors. Behavior change communication and harm reduction strategy should be strengthened.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):114-118
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_279_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Behavioral and biological risk factors of noncommunicable diseases among
           tribal adults of rural siliguri in Darjeeling District, West Bengal: A
           cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Dilip Kumar Das
      Pages: 119 - 127
      Abstract: Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Dilip Kumar Das
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):119-127
      Background: The increasing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) urges continuous survey of risk factors in different population groups. Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the prevalence and determinants of behavioral and biological risk factors of NCDs, in rural tribal population. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to May 2015, in rural Siliguri, among 172 tribal people aged 25–64 years selected by multistage cluster random sampling using WHO-STEPS instrument. Study participants were interviewed for sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors, and biological measurements were taken. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the determinants of risk factors. Results: Among the study participants, the prevalence of current tobacco use and alcohol use were 69.8% and 40.7%, respectively; 96.5% consumed unhealthy diet and 2.9% were physically inactive. The prevalence of abdominal obesity and overweight were 26.2% and 12.2%, respectively. Odds of tobacco use were significantly raised among men (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 47.7 [95% confidence interval (CI) 11.1, 203.9]) and increased age of the participants. Men showed higher odds of alcohol consumption (AOR: 13.4 [95% CI 4.6, 38.9]). Odds of abdominal obesity were higher among older participants, whereas lower odds were found among men (AOR: 95% CI 0.11 [0.0, 0.5]) compared to women. Conclusions: Most of the behavioral and biological risk factors of NCDs were quite high among tribal population of rural Siliguri except physical inactivity. Increasing awareness about NCDs through locally accepted and culturally appropriate strategies need to be implemented in the study area.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):119-127
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_326_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Admissions to a sick new born care unit in a secondary care hospital:
           Profile and outcomes

    • Authors: Ravi Shekhar Sinha, D Sharon Cynthia, P Vinod Kumar, Lois J Armstrong, Anuradha Bose, Kuryan George
      Pages: 128 - 132
      Abstract: Ravi Shekhar Sinha, D Sharon Cynthia, P Vinod Kumar, Lois J Armstrong, Anuradha Bose, Kuryan George
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):128-132
      Background: To reduce neonatal mortality in North Bihar, evidence is required about the impact of sick newborn care units (SNCUs) in secondary level hospitals on mortality at the end of the neonatal period. Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the profile of neonates admitted to an SNCU and the outcome at the completion of neonatal period. Methods: A cohort of neonates admitted from March to June 2014 to an SNCU was assessed through family interviews and hospital records. Demographic details (age, sex, and socioeconomic status) and clinical details (antenatal care, birthplace, weight, diagnosis, and family history) were documented. Follow-up was done at discharge or death or referral and the completion of neonatal period. The primary outcome was survival at the completion of neonatal period. Secondary outcomes were case fatality rate at discharge and weight gain. Results: Of 210 neonates assessed, 87.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 82.4–91.4) survived till the end of the neonatal period. The case fatality rate at the time of discharge was 0.9% (95% CI 0.3–3.4). Majority of the diagnoses were infections, hyperbilirubinemia, and infant of diabetic mother. Mean weight gain at the end of neonatal period (n = 157) was 706 g (P = 0.00). Sex ratio at admission was 567 girls to 1000 boys (95% CI 428/1000–751/1000). No neonate from lower socioeconomic families was admitted. Conclusions: SNCUs in remote areas can bring down neonatal mortality in North Bihar. Unequal access of SNCUs services to girls and lower socioeconomic groups highlighted the existing barriers which require attention.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):128-132
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_106_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Effectiveness of multi-strategic health screening cum educational
           intervention model in promoting health of school children in rural
           Coimbatore

    • Authors: GM Muhammad, Subhashini Ganesan, Thomas V Chacko
      Pages: 133 - 138
      Abstract: GM Muhammad, Subhashini Ganesan, Thomas V Chacko
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):133-138
      Background: Schools are the best setting for health promotion activities, and in India, for many, the schools are in fact the only nurturing and supportive place where they learn health information and have positive behavior consistently reinforced. Therefore, health promotion addressing the nutrition and personal hygiene habits among school children would improve health of school children and mold them into healthy productive citizens of tomorrow. Objectives: The objective of the study is to find the effectiveness of multi-strategic health screening cum educational intervention model in promoting the health of school children. Methods: A school-based intervention was designed using multi-strategic approach to promote the health of 2500 school children in 13 schools in rural Coimbatore. Logic model was used to plan the intervention, and the approach included health screening, nutrition and personal hygiene assessment and educational intervention in three phases over a period of 1 year. The multi-strategic approach comprised of approach through doctors, teachers, and through peer educators. The effectiveness of the intervention was assessed with improved nutrition and personal hygiene habits, improved body mass index status, and reduction in sickness absenteeism. Results: There was a significant improvement in nutrition and personal hygiene habits among school children. There was also significant reduction in the proportion of underweight category. Furthermore, a slight increase in sickness absenteeism was observed. Conclusion: Our study shows evidently that a multi-strategic health screening cum educational intervention model can be implemented and can be effective in bringing changes in the nutrition and personal hygiene habits thereby promoting the health of school children.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):133-138
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_226_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Temperature integrity and exposure to freezing temperature during vaccine
           transfer under the universal immunization program in Three States of India
           

    • Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Thomas Mathew, Bhadresh Vyas, Monica Sindhu, Abhishek Yadav
      Pages: 139 - 142
      Abstract: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Thomas Mathew, Bhadresh Vyas, Monica Sindhu, Abhishek Yadav
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):139-142
      Temperature excursion and exposure to sub-zero temperatures may reduce the potency of the freeze-sensitive vaccines. This study assessed temperature during vaccine transfers at various levels under the Universal Immunization Program. This cross-sectional study undertaken in 21 districts of three states of India – Bihar (n = 8), Kerala (n = 8), and Gujarat (n = 5). We documented temperature inside the cold boxes and vaccine carriers using LogTag-Trix8 data loggers. In total, 110 vaccine transportation episodes were observed; 55 inter-facility transfers and 55 outreach sessions. Sizable proportions of inter-facility (9% to 35%) and outreach vaccine transfers (18%) were exposed to sub-zero temperature. The proportions of exposure to temperature to >8°C were in the range of 0.8%–11.3% for inter-facility transfers and 2.3% for outreach sessions. The vaccines were exposed to freezing temperatures for significant durations during transportation across the cold chain. Rigorous monitoring of temperature integrity is essential to ensure the delivery of potent vaccines and to avoid vaccine failure.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):139-142
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_123_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Workplace violence against resident doctors: A multicentric study from
           government medical colleges of Uttar Pradesh

    • Authors: Geetu Singh, Akash Singh, Shobha Chaturvedi, Samreen Khan
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: Geetu Singh, Akash Singh, Shobha Chaturvedi, Samreen Khan
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):143-146
      According to the World Health Organization, between 8% and 38% of health workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. This multicentric study was conducted to find the prevalence, perceived risk factors, and measures to prevent workplace violence among doctors. The sample consisted of all 2nd- and 3rd-year resident doctors (n = 305) from three colleges in Uttar Pradesh. An anonymous, pretested in a similar setting, self-administered questionnaire was used. 69.5% of doctors reported to have experienced violence in one or other form in the past 1 year. In most incidents, relatives and attendants (69.3%) were involved in violence. No action was taken immediately in regard to violence in 35.3% of instances; 60.3% of study participants reported that they had repeated disturbing memories, thoughts, or images of the attack. Nonavailability of medicines (38.6%) and less staff (36.7%) were cited as top reasons behind violence.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):143-146
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_70_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Microorganisms isolated from mobile phones and hands of health-care
           workers in a tertiary care hospital of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

    • Authors: Parul Dipak Shah, Nasiruddin Moinuddin Shaikh, Komal Vallbhbhai Dholaria
      Pages: 147 - 150
      Abstract: Parul Dipak Shah, Nasiruddin Moinuddin Shaikh, Komal Vallbhbhai Dholaria
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):147-150
      The mobile phones have become an inevitable part of life for communication everywhere. Hospital-acquired infections are causing increased morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients. After getting approval from the institutional review board, a total of 300 samples from mobile phones and dominant hands of resident doctors, nurses, and support staff working in neonatal intensive care unit, pediatric intensive care unit, intensive care unit, and emergency ward were tested according to standard guidelines for culture. Of 300 samples tested, 144 (96%) mobile phones and 145 (96.66%) dominant hands showed contamination with one or more types of microorganisms. Monomicrobial organisms were recovered from 247 samples and polymicrobial organisms were isolated from 42 samples. Mobile phones and hands of helath care workers serve as a potential reservoir for hospital acquired infections as multi-drug resistant pathogenic bacteria as well as normal flora of skin were recovered.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):147-150
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_179_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Why people avoid prescribed medical treatment in India?

    • Authors: Shivendra Sangar, Varun Dutt, Ramna Thakur
      Pages: 151 - 153
      Abstract: Shivendra Sangar, Varun Dutt, Ramna Thakur
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):151-153
      Avoidance in seeking prescribed medical treatment can result in adverse consequences. The study was conducted to find out the reasons to avoid prescribed medical treatment and associations with various socioeconomic variables in India. Data from the National Sample Survey Organisation 71st Round on “Key Indicators of Social Consumption: Health” (January and June 2014) have been used. Variables such as place of residence, social categories, religion, and socioeconomic status have been used to study the associations with the various reasons to avoid prescribed medical treatment. Nonseriousness about the ailment was found to be the primary reason for not seeking prescribed medical treatment. Lack of availability of medical facility, long-waiting time, and financial constraints were other important reasons. Understanding the socioeconomic differentials among the reasons why people avoid prescribed medical treatment is critical in improving the effectiveness of health-care facilities in India.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):151-153
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_218_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Mortality due to mass Hymenoptera attacks: A serious but underrecognized
           public health problem in a mountainous state of India

    • Authors: Sanjay Vikrant, Ajay Jaryal, Anupam Parashar
      Pages: 154 - 156
      Abstract: Sanjay Vikrant, Ajay Jaryal, Anupam Parashar
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):154-156
      Most deaths related to Hymenoptera are a result of immediate hypersensitivity reactions causing anaphylaxis to one or few stings. However, if the patient is exposed to a large quantity of the venom due to mass/multiple stings, massive envenomation can cause death in nonallergic individuals. Thirty-nine cases of acute kidney injury (AKI) who followed mass attacks by Hymenoptera were seen over 15 years, with a reference period between 2003 and 2017. AKI was severe; most (85%) of them required dialysis and one-third died. Mass attacks by Hymenoptera have become a serious public health problem in tropics. There is no antivenom, and treatment in such cases is supportive. Early hospitalization is vital to reduce morbidity and mortality.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):154-156
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_222_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The expanding role of “Stand-Alone” hemodialysis units in
           chronic renal replacement therapy: A descriptive study from North Kerala

    • Authors: Benil Hafeeq, Jyotish Chalil Gopinathan, Feroz Aziz, Sajith Narayanan, Idrees Velikkalagath, Ismail Naduvileparambil Aboobacker, NA Uvais
      Pages: 157 - 159
      Abstract: Benil Hafeeq, Jyotish Chalil Gopinathan, Feroz Aziz, Sajith Narayanan, Idrees Velikkalagath, Ismail Naduvileparambil Aboobacker, NA Uvais
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):157-159
      Renal replacement therapy in India is predominantly a private health-care-driven initiative making it an expensive treatment option due to high out-of-pocket expenditures. Moreover, with the rapid increase in the number of chronic kidney disease patients requiring dialysis, hemodialysis units (HDUs) are getting saturated. Community “stand-alone” dialysis centers could be an important alternative to HDUs in meeting the growing demand in an affordable model. The aim of this study was to find hemodialysis (HD) delivery in “stand-alone” dialysis units (SAUs) with respect to expanding coverage, patient costs, and patient safety safeguards. The total number of HD sessions was collected at three points. The information regarding patient safety safeguards at SAUs and impact of SAUs on patient costs were collected by interviews and from hospital records. There was 11.5 times increase in HD sessions from 2008 to 2017, out of which 75.3% was provided at SAUs. Following objective clinical and safety measures, high-quality dialysis was delivered at SAUs and it significantly reduced the mean patient cost of treatment per session.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):157-159
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_288_18
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Vaccine hesitancy for childhood vaccinations in slum areas of Siliguri: A
           critical commentary

    • Authors: Vinu Cherian
      Pages: 160 - 160
      Abstract: Vinu Cherian
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):160-160

      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):160-160
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_57_19
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Author's Reply for article “Vaccine Hesitancy for Childhood
           Vaccinations in Slum Areas of Siliguri: A Critical Commentary”

    • Authors: Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Samir Dasgupta
      Pages: 161 - 161
      Abstract: Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Samir Dasgupta
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):161-161

      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):161-161
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_80_19
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Obituary – Prof. S. Elango

    • Pages: 162 - 162
      Abstract:
      Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):162-162

      Citation: Indian Journal of Public Health 2019 63(2):162-162
      PubDate: Tue,18 Jun 2019
      DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.260601
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
 
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