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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 355 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 355 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
  [6 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2231-0746
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • To infinity…. and beyond!!

    • Authors: Wynand Van Der Linden
      Pages: 163 - 164
      Abstract: Wynand Van Der Linden
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):163-164

      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):163-164
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_92_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Understanding and prevention of orofacial clefting: A myth or
           possibility?

    • Authors: SM Balaji
      Pages: 165 - 165
      Abstract: SM Balaji
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):165-165

      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):165-165
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_181_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Fast-track orthognathic surgery: An evidence-based review

    • Authors: Joel Joshi Otero, Olivier Detriche, Maurice Yves Mommaerts
      Pages: 166 - 175
      Abstract: Joel Joshi Otero, Olivier Detriche, Maurice Yves Mommaerts
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):166-175
      The aim of this study was to establish a fast-track protocol for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery (OGS). Fast-track surgery (FTS) is a multidisciplinary approach where the pre-, intra-, and postoperative management is focusing maximally on a quick patient recovery and early discharge. To enable this, the patients' presurgical stress and postsurgical discomfort should be maximally reduced. Both referral patterns and expenses within the health-care system are positively influenced by FTS. University hospital-literature review through Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library (January 2000– July 2016) using the following words – “fast track, enhanced recovery, multimodal, and perioperative care” – to define a protocol evidence based for OGS, as well as evidenced-based medicine search of every term added to the protocol during the same period. The process has resulted in an OGS protocol that may improve the outcome of the patient through several nonoperative and operative measures such as preoperative patient education and intra/postoperative measures that should improve overall patient satisfaction, decrease morbidity such as postoperative nausea, headache, dizziness, pain, and intubation discomfort, and shorten hospital stay. A literature review allowed us to fine-tune a fast-track protocol for uncomplicated OGS that can be prospectively studied against currently applied ones.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):166-175
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_106_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Orthognathic surgery or overlay prosthesis: Quality of life in bilateral
           cleft lip and palate patients

    • Authors: Michelly Lima Moro Alves, José Fernando Scarelli Lopes, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Karin Hermana Neppelenbroek, Thais Marchini de Oliveira, Simone Soares
      Pages: 176 - 179
      Abstract: Michelly Lima Moro Alves, José Fernando Scarelli Lopes, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Karin Hermana Neppelenbroek, Thais Marchini de Oliveira, Simone Soares
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):176-179
      Background: The concern to restore and evaluate bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) patients' quality of life, after rehabilitation, is an issue that has been discussed in the literature because it is the ultimate goal of any proposed treatment. Objective: To evaluate the overall and oral quality of life of BCLP patients who had completed their treatment with orthognathic surgery (OrSg) compared to those who completed theirs with prosthetic rehabilitation in the form of overlay prosthesis (OP). Materials and Methods: The study comprised 40 patients, 20 in OrSg group and 20 in OP group. Epidemiological survey and application of two questionnaires (World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief [WHOQOL-bref] and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 [OHIP-14]) were done. The final results were evaluated statistically by the Mann– Whitney test. Results: Regarding the comparison with the WHOQOL-bref, no significant statistical differences between groups were found. In the analysis of the OHIP-14, only in “psychological limitation” field difference could be observed, where OrSg group showed more negative impact when compared to the OP group. Conclusion: Both rehabilitations provide a satisfactory quality of life for patients.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):176-179
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_135_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A study on dorsal pedicled tongue flap closure of palatal fistulae and
           oronasal communications

    • Authors: Priya Esther Jeyaraj
      Pages: 180 - 187
      Abstract: Priya Esther Jeyaraj
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):180-187
      Introduction: Residual defects of the palatal region following ablative resection of tumors and Gunshot wounds (GSWs) of the maxillofacial region can be quite painstaking, daunting and challenging to reconstruct, due to the extent and composite nature of the tissue loss. A shortage of available donor areas and local flap options in the intraoral region, add to the difficulty. Further compounding the situation, are factors such as excessive fibrosis and scarring of the palatal tissues as a result of multiple previous surgeries in the region. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Dorsal Pedicled Tongue Flap in the reconstruction of complex palatal defects resulting from maxillofacial GSWs and ablative tumor resections. To also device techniques to reduce the incidence of postoperative tongue flap detachment, thus improving its efficiency and reliability. Results: The palatal fistulas in all the patients were closed successfully, with no post-operative complications such as bleeding, hematoma formation, congestion, infection, partial or total flap necrosis or flap detachment. The tongue flap at the recipient site remained healthy with no recurrence of the fistula in any of the patients in the two years follow up period. There was a complete resolution of the problem of nasal regurgitation of orally ingested fluids and food particles. There was observed no deformity or articulation defect resulting from the flap harvested from the tongue dorsum, in any of the patients. Conclusion: In GSWs and tumor ablative surgery, where composite tissue defects are involved, the tongue provides a reliable and efficient means of restoring lost tissue bulk as well as ensuring a permanent closure and sealing off of the oronasal fistulas. Its reliability can be further increased by avoiding a common complication, namely, flap detachment in the postoperative period brought on by movements of the tongue, by immobilizing the tongue by tethering it to the maxillary teeth and also, maintaining the patient on Nasogastric feeding for the three weeks postoperative period, until the patient is taken up for surgical separation the pedicle. This helps to ensure a successful and predictable take of the flap at the donor site.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):180-187
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_94_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Lugol chromoscopy in the follow-up of head and neck carcinoma

    • Authors: Cesar Augusto Simões, Marcelo Doria Durazzo, Flávia Caló de Aquino Xavier, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini, Sílvia Vanessa Lourenço, Décio dos Santos Pinto Júnior, Natália Martins Magacho de Andrade, Aline Paterno Miazaki, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis, Cláudio Roberto Cernea
      Pages: 188 - 193
      Abstract: Cesar Augusto Simões, Marcelo Doria Durazzo, Flávia Caló de Aquino Xavier, Marina Helena Cury Gallottini, Sílvia Vanessa Lourenço, Décio dos Santos Pinto Júnior, Natália Martins Magacho de Andrade, Aline Paterno Miazaki, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis, Cláudio Roberto Cernea
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):188-193
      Introduction: Lugol is helpful in identifying early second primary tumors (SPTs) during oroscopy and pharyngoscopy, but this technique has not been assessed during follow-up visits with these patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the use of Lugol (a low-cost method) to diagnose SPTs in the oral cavity and oropharynx. Methods: Patients treated for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck were randomly assigned to two groups. Group A was examined with routine oroscopy and pharyngoscopy without Lugol, and Group B was examined with routine oroscopy and pharyngoscopy without stain and with Lugol. A total of 211 patients were included during 4 years. Results: Six oral and oropharynx carcinomas were detected in Group A. Eighteen oral and oropharynx carcinomas were detected in Group B, twelve of which were not seen without chromoscopy but were detected with Lugol. Conclusion: Lugol increases the detection of malignant lesions compared to routine examination alone.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):188-193
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_95_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the sternoclavicular graft for the reconstruction of
           temporomandibular joint after gap arthroplasty

    • Authors: JK Dayashankara Rao, Nahida Dar, Aadya Sharma, Anil K Sheorain, Vijaylaxmi Malhotra, Varun Arya
      Pages: 194 - 201
      Abstract: JK Dayashankara Rao, Nahida Dar, Aadya Sharma, Anil K Sheorain, Vijaylaxmi Malhotra, Varun Arya
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):194-201
      Introduction: Ankylosis may be defined as the fusion of the articular surfaces with bony or fibrous tissue. The treatment of temporomandibular joint ankylosis poses a significant challenge because of the high incidence of recurrence. A number of interpositional materials have been used including alloplastic materials (acrylic, proplast– teflon, silastic), and autogenous tissues (temporalis muscle flaps, buccal fat pad, dermis, costochondral grafts, metatarsal, fibula, tibia, iliac crest, cranial bone and Sternoclavicular graft SCG and cartilage). Literature suggests that rather than growth centre, we need adaptive centre. SCG is presumed to be a more suitable material for interpositional arthroplasty because Sternoclavicular Joint (SCJ) and TMJ are very similar developmentally, histologically and morphologically throughout the growth period. Material and Method: Patients with TMJ ankylosis (8 males, 2 females) underwent release of the ankylosed joint by the senior author, between June 2013 and Novemeber 2015. The age of the patients ranged from 10 to 19 years. Pre- and post- operative assessment included a thorough history and physical examination to determine the cause of ankylosis, the maximal incisal opening, etiology and type of the ankylosis, recurrence rate. Result: MIO at 6 months follow up was 37.4±2.633 mm (range 32-40 mm), greater than MIO achieved in immediate postoperatively {34.4±2.22 mm (range 30-38 mm). After reconstruction of temporomandibular joint with sternoclavicular graft in the growing child there was a significant increase in the growth of mandible which was stunned due to ankylosis. And the ramal height also increased. Conclusion: The articular reconstruction with alloplastic or autogenous grafts, or gap arthroplasty for the treatment of ankylosis is shown to be efficient in relation to the post-operative maximal incisal opening, recurrence and articular function.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):194-201
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_120_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A randomized control trial of awake oral to submental conversion versus
           asleep technique in maxillofacial trauma

    • Authors: Shahna Ali, Manazir Athar, Syed Moied Ahmed, Obaid Ahmad Siddiqi, Amrin Badar
      Pages: 202 - 206
      Abstract: Shahna Ali, Manazir Athar, Syed Moied Ahmed, Obaid Ahmad Siddiqi, Amrin Badar
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):202-206
      Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of awake oral to submental conversion over asleep technique. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical study was conducted in maxillofacial department of a tertiary care hospital in patients who had panfacial or mandibular fractures requiring elective surgical correction. The patients were randomly divided into two groups of 12 patients each, asleep fiberoptic-assisted submental intubation (SMI) (Group G; n = 12) and awake fiberoptic-assisted SMI (Group A; n = 12). The primary predictor was mean conversion time of oral to SMI while other predictors were overall success rate, ease of conversion, and complications. Data are presented as mean (±standard deviation) and frequencies (%) as appropriate. Statistical analysis done using unpaired t-test or Chi-square test was performed and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Twenty-four patients (19:5;Male:Female) aged 18– 55 years (Group G = 35.96; Group A = 32.43 years) were included in the study. SMI was successful in all except two patients in group G. Overall success rate was similar in both groups. Time to convert orotracheal intubation to SMI was significantly less in group A (Group G = 9.55 ± 1.42, Group A = 5.67 ± 1.73; P < 0.001). Ease of SMI was found Grade I in 30% and 83% of the patients of group G and A, respectively. No serious complications were observed except 2 cases of bleeding, and 1 case of tube damage. Conclusion: Awake oral to submental conversion requires lesser time in comparison to asleep technique besides improving the ease (Δ = 53%) of the procedure.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):202-206
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_10_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Low-level laser therapy on postoperative pain after mandibular third molar
           surgery

    • Authors: May Ayad Hamid
      Pages: 207 - 216
      Abstract: May Ayad Hamid
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):207-216
      Introduction: The analgesic effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) after mandibular third molar (MTM) extraction is controversial. The aim is to evaluate the effect of intraoral LLLT on postoperative pain after MTMs extraction. Methods: Thirty patients with bilateral symmetrical impacted MTMs underwent surgical extractions. Experimental and control sides were randomly selected to receive LLLT or placebo. Following suturing, a dental assistant applied 810 nm gallium aluminum arsenide (GaAlAs) at three points for 30 s each with a total energy of 9 J. Pain was recorded on a visual analog scale on the 7 successive days. Results: Data analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics 23 for Windows with P ≤ 0.05 signifi cance level. LLLT appeared to have a high signifi cant effect on pain reduction; however, there was a mild increase in pain after the 4th day. Conclusion: Intraoral 810 nm GaAlAs is effective in reducing postoperative pain when a dose of 32.86 J/cm2 is used.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):207-216
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_5_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of knowledge of physical education students on dental trauma

    • Authors: Danilo Louzada de Oliveira, Paulo Domingos Ribeiro-Junior, Ana Camila Sbroggio, Priscila G&#243;is dos Santos, Graziela Garrido Mori
      Pages: 217 - 221
      Abstract: Danilo Louzada de Oliveira, Paulo Domingos Ribeiro-Junior, Ana Camila Sbroggio, Priscila Góis dos Santos, Graziela Garrido Mori
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):217-221
      Introduction: Sports' practitioners are vulnerable to dental trauma; if this occurs, the emergency treatment should be fast and efficient. This may be performed by any person at the site of the accident, not only by dental professionals. Physical educators may face dental trauma and should be able to provide proper care. This study had the objective evaluated the knowledge of physical education graduates on dental trauma. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire containing questions on dental trauma was applied to 199 physical education students; after collection of the questionnaires, data were tabulated and processed on the software Epi Info 2000 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd., Atlanta, GA 30333, USA). As a result, only 36.7% of participants would take the individual suffering trauma to the dental professional, 56.8% believe that the avulsed tooth should be replanted, and 42.2% would replant it. Only 7.5% would store the avulsed tooth in an ideal storage medium for transportation. Conclusion: It was concluded that there is a lack of knowledge on dental trauma among physical education graduates, evidencing the need of public policies to allow education on this issue.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):217-221
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_115_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Craniosynostosis of the sphenofrontal suture: Definition of the main signs
           of craniofacial deformity

    • Authors: Sergey Alexandrovich Yasonov, Andrey Vyacheslavovich Lopatin, Alexandr Yurievich Kugushev
      Pages: 222 - 227
      Abstract: Sergey Alexandrovich Yasonov, Andrey Vyacheslavovich Lopatin, Alexandr Yurievich Kugushev
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):222-227
      Aims: The aim of this study is to compare clinical features of sphenofrontal craniosynostosis (SFC) and unilateral coronary craniosynostosis. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective study with two groups of patients with sphenofrontal and coronary craniosynostosis. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of the 1999– 2016 archive data in Russian Children's Clinical Hospital. Ninety-five patients were diagnosed with frontal plagiocephaly. Eighty-three had deformations of unilateral craniosynostosis of coronary suture, 12 had premature closures of sphenofrontal suture. The age at the time of diagnosis varied from 5 months to 2, 5 years. Results: SFC is featured by ipsilateral flattening of forehead and supraorbital margin, and ipsilateral dystopia of supraorbital margin downward. X-ray signs are the closure of sphenofrontal suture on the lesion side with open and symmetrically located remaining skull sutures and contralateral deviation of the midline of the ethmoid. Conclusions: SFC distinguishes from other plagiocephalias by following signs: supraorbital margin on the affected side is shifted downward; tip of the nose is displaced toward the affected side, root of the nose toward the healthy side. These signs facilitate correct diagnosis and treatment tactics.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):222-227
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_96_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Features of prevertebral disease in patients presenting to a head and neck
           surgery clinic with neck pain

    • Authors: Scharukh Jalisi, Osamu Sakai, Basem T Jamal, Vartan Mardirossian
      Pages: 228 - 231
      Abstract: Scharukh Jalisi, Osamu Sakai, Basem T Jamal, Vartan Mardirossian
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):228-231
      Introduction: Untreated prevertebral space infections, which can be overlooked because of connections with surrounding spaces, may lead to spinal epidural accumulations that cause cord compression. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic and diagnostic features of cases of prevertebral disease encountered by head and neck specialists. Materials and Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective chart review of 11 patients with prevertebral disease who presented to a head and neck surgery specialist for consultation from 2004 to 2010. Epidemiologic characteristics, clinical signs, diagnostic modalities, time to diagnosis, treatment, and final outcome were analyzed. Ethical Approval: This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. Results: Seven patients were diagnosed with prevertebral abscess, two with prevertebral cellulitis, and two with calcific cervical tendonitis. The most common presenting signs were neck pain (100%), odynophagia (54%), dysphagia (36%), neck rigidity (36%), fever (27%), and back pain (9%). Five patients (45.5%) showed a bulge on the posterior pharyngeal wall. Four patients with prevertebral abscess showed epidural accumulations on magnetic resonance imaging. Patients with prevertebral abscess and cellulitis were treated with surgical drainage or intravenous antibiotics or both while patients with calcific cervical tendonitis were treated with anti-inflammatory and pain medications. Ten patients were cured, and one with multiple comorbidities succumbed to the disease. Conclusion: Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of prevertebral abscess or cellulitis in patients presenting with neck pain, fever, dysphagia, and limited range of motion of the neck. Head and neck specialists may be the first to encounter and diagnose this highly morbid disease.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):228-231
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Surgical management of long-standing eagle&#39;s syndrome

    • Authors: Scharukh Jalisi, Basem T Jamal, Gregory A Grillone
      Pages: 232 - 236
      Abstract: Scharukh Jalisi, Basem T Jamal, Gregory A Grillone
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):232-236
      Introduction: Eagle's syndrome is a rare condition that refers to chronic recurrent pain in the oropharynx, face, and neck due to elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. It can be treated medically or surgically through a styloidectomy. In this paper, we review our experience with the two surgical approaches for the management of Eagle's syndrome. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review, which covered the period between 1997 and 2008. The review included seven patients with a long-standing diagnosis of Eagle's syndrome. Six patients underwent surgical intervention and one patient elected to observe her condition. Ethics Approval: The retrospective design of the study was approved by Boston Medical Center Institutional Review Board with no need for another consent other than the one obtained before surgical interventions. Results: Out of the seven patients identified, there were three men and four women. The median age and mean age at diagnosis were 44 years and 26.2 years, respectively. Neck pain and odynophagia were the most common symptoms reported. Three patients underwent styloidectomy through transoral approach and the three through transcervical approach. The average time to resolution of symptoms was 26.5 days. Conclusion: The review suggests a favorable role for surgery in the management of Eagle's syndrome with all the patients undergoing styloidectomy experiencing complete resolution of symptoms. Both surgical approaches provide the desired outcome; however, the choice of the surgical approach depends on the patient's wishes and the surgeon's experience.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):232-236
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_53_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Implant survival between endo-osseous dental implants in immediate
           loading, delayed loading, and basal immediate loading dental implants a
           3-year follow-up

    • Authors: Ritesh Garg, Neha Mishra, Mohan Alexander, Sunil Kumar Gupta
      Pages: 237 - 244
      Abstract: Ritesh Garg, Neha Mishra, Mohan Alexander, Sunil Kumar Gupta
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):237-244
      Introduction: With introduction of the term “ossteointegration of dental implant” by Branemark, advancement in implantology from 1957 to 2017 has come a long way with modification in implant type and in loading time. This study aims to evaluate the survival of endo-osseous immediate loading (IL) implant and basal IL implants in atrophic jaws with objective to compare implant survival in atrophic jaws for full mouth rehabilitation between endo-osseous IL versus endo-osseous delayed loading (DL) versus basal IL during 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Fifty-two (34 endo-osseous and 18 basal) implants were placed in 4 patients requiring full mouth rehabilitation in atrophic jaws. Case 1: Endo-osseous DL implants in upper and lower arch, Case 2: Endo-osseous IL implants in upper and lower arch, Case 3: Basal IL implant in upper and lower arch, and Case 4: Endo-osseous DL in upper arch and basal IL implant in the lower arch. Intraoperative evaluation was done on the basis of pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), operative time, and initial primary implant stability. Postoperative evaluation was done on pain (VAS), infection, radiographically successful implant (orthopantomogram), and patient satisfaction (Grade 0– 10). Results: All cases showed satisfactory results but more amount of intra- and post-operative pain was felt with immediate basal implants. Conclusion: We believe that clinicians should comply with patient requests, and for this reason, we agree with some authors to use minimally invasive techniques and to avoid when possible esthetic or functional problems associated with the use of removable prosthesis after teeth extractions.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):237-244
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_87_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Autologous platelet-rich plasma after third molar surgery

    • Authors: Adil Gandevivala, Amit Sangle, Dinesh Shah, Avneesh Tejnani, Aatif Sayyed, Gaurav Khutwad, Arpit Arunbhai Patel
      Pages: 245 - 249
      Abstract: Adil Gandevivala, Amit Sangle, Dinesh Shah, Avneesh Tejnani, Aatif Sayyed, Gaurav Khutwad, Arpit Arunbhai Patel
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):245-249
      Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the third molar impactions, with respect to: pain, swelling, healing, and periodontal status distal to the second molar in patients who need surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients of both sexes aged between 16 and 60 years who required bilateral surgical removal of their impacted third molars and met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. After surgical extraction of the third molar, primary closure was performed in the control group, whereas PRP was placed in the socket followed by primary closure in the case group. The outcome variables were pain, swelling, wound healing, and periodontal probe depth that were follow-up period of 2 months. Quantitative data are presented as mean. Statistical significance was checked by t-test. Results: There was a difference in the pain (0.071) and facial swelling (0.184), reduction between test and control on day 3, but it was not found to be significant. Periodontal pocket depth (0.001) and wound healing (0.001) less in case group compared with the control group was found to be significant. Conclusion: The use of PRP lessens the severity of immediate postoperative sequelae and decreases preoperative pocket depth.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):245-249
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_108_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Efficacy of exclusive lingual nerve block versus conventional inferior
           alveolar nerve block in achieving lingual soft-tissue anesthesia

    • Authors: Sasikala Balasubramanian, Elavenil Paneerselvam, T Guruprasad, M Pathumai, Simin Abraham, VB Krishnakumar Raja
      Pages: 250 - 255
      Abstract: Sasikala Balasubramanian, Elavenil Paneerselvam, T Guruprasad, M Pathumai, Simin Abraham, VB Krishnakumar Raja
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):250-255
      Objective: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of exclusive lingual nerve block (LNB) in achieving selective lingual soft-tissue anesthesia in comparison with conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Materials and Methods: A total of 200 patients indicated for the extraction of lower premolars were recruited for the study. The samples were allocated by randomization into control and study groups. Lingual soft-tissue anesthesia was achieved by IANB and exclusive LNB in the control and study group, respectively. The primary outcome variable studied was anesthesia of ipsilateral lingual mucoperiosteum, floor of mouth and tongue. The secondary variables assessed were (1) taste sensation immediately following administration of local anesthesia and (2) mouth opening and lingual nerve paresthesia on the first postoperative day. Results: Data analysis for descriptive and inferential statistics was performed using SPSS (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0, Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Released 2013) and a P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. In comparison with the control group, the study group (LNB) showed statistically significant anesthesia of the lingual gingiva of incisors, molars, anterior floor of the mouth, and anterior tongue. Conclusion: Exclusive LNB is superior to IAN nerve block in achieving selective anesthesia of lingual soft tissues. It is technically simple and associated with minimal complications as compared to IAN block.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):250-255
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_65_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Tomographic analysis of the impact of mandibular advancement surgery on
           increased airway volume

    • Authors: Danilo Louzada De Oliveira, Thiago Calcagnotto, Thessio Mina Vago, Hugo Nary Filho, Danilo Pinelli Valarelli, Caio Peres Bellato
      Pages: 256 - 259
      Abstract: Danilo Louzada De Oliveira, Thiago Calcagnotto, Thessio Mina Vago, Hugo Nary Filho, Danilo Pinelli Valarelli, Caio Peres Bellato
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):256-259
      Purpose: This study aimed to quantify, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients who underwent a mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty, three-dimensional changes in airway space and to evaluate whether these changes differ between men and women. Materials and Methods: Preoperative and 8-month postoperative CBCT scans of 38 patients aged 18– 45 years of either sex and any ethnicity who underwent mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty were analyzed using the Xoran software (Xoran Technologies, Ann Arbor, MI, USA). The linear distances gonion-gnathion (Go-Gn) and condylion-menton (Co-Me) were obtained. Airway volume was measured using the Dolphin Imaging software, version 11.0. Then, data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's t-test. Results: Mean patient age was 30.3 years; 39.47% were men and 60.63% were women. The mean Go-Gn distance was 72.05 mm before surgery and 78.56 mm after surgery, with a mean gain of 6.51 mm. The mean Co-Me distance was 113.47 mm before surgery and 119.89 mm after surgery, with a mean increase of 6.42 mm. Both differences were statistically significant. The mean volume of airway space was 17,272.92 mm3 before surgery and 24,173.74 mm3 after surgery, with a statistically significant mean increase of 6900.82 mm3. There was no statistically significant difference in mean volumetric gain between men (7566.69 mm3) and women (7456.69 mm3). Conclusion: Mandibular advancement surgery results in significant increase of airway space, and there is no difference in airway volume between men and women.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):256-259
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_136_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Computed tomographic analysis of the sagittal orbit-globe relationship

    • Authors: Zachary R Abramson, Srinivas M Susarla, Anand R Kumar, Asim F Choudhri
      Pages: 260 - 262
      Abstract: Zachary R Abramson, Srinivas M Susarla, Anand R Kumar, Asim F Choudhri
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):260-262
      Identifying the normal relationship of the orbital rims to the globes is critical in planning surgical correction of craniofacial deformities affecting the orbit. This article illustrates a technical proof of principle and mathematical basis for a computed tomography-based measurement of the sagittal orbit-globe relationship. The technique does not require subject cooperation and is, therefore, optimal for pediatric craniofacial surgical treatment planning and outcome evaluation.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):260-262
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_172_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Guided bone regeneration for the reconstruction of alveolar bone defects

    • Authors: Arash Khojasteh, Lida Kheiri, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Vahid Khoshkam
      Pages: 263 - 277
      Abstract: Arash Khojasteh, Lida Kheiri, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Vahid Khoshkam
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):263-277
      Background: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is the most common technique for localized bone augmentation. Purpose: The purpose of this review was to categorize and assess various GBR approaches for the reconstruction of human alveolar bone defects. Materials and Methods: Electronic search of four databases including PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane and hand searching were performed to identify human trials attempting GBR for the reconstruction of alveolar bony defects for at least 10 patients from January 2000 to August 2015. To meet the inclusion criteria, studies had to report preoperative defect dimensions in addition to outcomes of bone formation and/or resorption. Results: Twenty-five human clinical trials were included of which 17 used conventional technique that is the use of space maintaining membrane with bone grafting particles (GBR I). Application of block bone graft with overlying membrane and particulate fillers was reported in seven studies (GBR II), and utilizing cortical bone block tented over a defect preserving particulate fillers was reported by one study (GBR III). A wide range of initial defects' sizes and treatment results were reported. Conclusions: This review introduces a therapeutically oriented classification system of GBR for treating alveolar bone defects. High heterogeneity among studies hindered drawing definite conclusions in regard to superiority of one to the other GBR technique.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):263-277
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_76_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Post herpetic frey&#39;s syndrome

    • Authors: Jigna S Shah, Vijay K Asrani
      Pages: 278 - 281
      Abstract: Jigna S Shah, Vijay K Asrani
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):278-281
      Frey's syndrome is characterized by unilateral sweating and flushing of the skin in the area of the parotid gland, occurring during meal, or on salivary stimulation. It is a common complication following surgery/injury in the parotid gland region/temporomandibular joint surgery; however, very few cases have been reported of its occurrence following herpetic infection. It is important for the clinician to recognize its unusual symptoms as early as possible to prevent its potential negative social and psychological effect on the patient. It is diagnosed on clinical presentation and confirmed by objective testing methods. The treatment ranges from topical application of glycopyrrolate to local injections of botulinum toxin and lastly to surgical intervention. An interesting case of Frey's syndrome is presented in a young patient having the previous history of herpes zoster infection, which was diagnosed clinically and confirmed by starch-iodine test and was successfully treated with topical application of glycopyrrolate.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):278-281
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_86_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Multiple dentigerous cysts as a rare presentation of
           maroteaux&#8211; Lamy syndrome

    • Authors: Ajaz Ahmad Shah, Tajamul Ahmad Hakim, Shahid Farooq, Mubashir Younis, Shamina Kosar, Altaf Malik, Latief Najar
      Pages: 282 - 286
      Abstract: Ajaz Ahmad Shah, Tajamul Ahmad Hakim, Shahid Farooq, Mubashir Younis, Shamina Kosar, Altaf Malik, Latief Najar
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):282-286
      Maroteaux– Lamy syndrome is one of the genetic disorders involving disturbances in mucopolysaccaride metabolism, due to deficiency of aryl sulfatase-B which leads to accumulation of dermatan sulfate in tissues and their excretion in urine. The diseases has several oral and dental manifestations, is first diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. It is characterized by coarse facial features, normal intelligence, organomegaly, enlarged head, short neck, corneal clouding, enlarged tongue, and prominent metachromatic inclusions in leukocytes. Death is usually a result of either respiratory tract infection or cardiac disease, which is caused by the deposition of mucopolysaccharides. An 18-year-old with Maroteaux– Lamy syndrome is described in this article with multiple dentigerous cysts as the first presentation.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):282-286
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_13_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Two-stage corrections of rare facial tessier&#39;s cleft -
           3,4,5,6,7

    • Authors: SM Balaji
      Pages: 287 - 290
      Abstract: SM Balaji
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):287-290
      Congenital transverse and oblique facial clefts are rare congenital anomalies, and cooccurence of these is still more a rare anomaly. The condition most commonly is often associated with anomalies of the first and second branchial arches. The manuscript intends to present one such rare case of Tessier's cleft type 3– 7 and present its early management as well as long-term treatment plan.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):287-290
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_98_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Rehabilitation of unilateral congenital microtia by implant-retained
           prosthesis

    • Authors: Abhay Datarkar, Surendra Daware, Ravi Dande, Ujwala Datarkar
      Pages: 291 - 295
      Abstract: Abhay Datarkar, Surendra Daware, Ravi Dande, Ujwala Datarkar
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):291-295
      Microtia is a major congenital anomaly of the external ear. It includes a spectrum of deformities from a grossly normal but small ear to the absence of the entire external ear. These deformities account for three in every 10,000 births, with bilaterally missing ears seen in fewer than 10% of all cases. Extraoral implant-retained ear prosthesis has been proven to be a predictable treatment option for rehabilitation of such congenital anomalies. This paper aims to present principles of maxillofacial implants, review of literature, advantages, disadvantages, and considerations in treatment planning and treatment phases of an implant-supported auricular prosthesis and prospective developments for ear prosthesis are also discussed. Implant supported ear reconstruction provides excellent support, good retention, and esthetically acceptable appearance to the patient.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):291-295
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_69_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Short root anomaly - A potential “Landmine” for orthodontic
           and orthognathic surgery treatment of patients

    • Authors: Ejvis Lamani, Katelyn B Feinberg, Chung H Kau
      Pages: 296 - 299
      Abstract: Ejvis Lamani, Katelyn B Feinberg, Chung H Kau
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):296-299
      Short root anomaly (SRA) is a poorly understood developmental disorder and can significantly compromise the patient's dental treatment. This case report describes the treatment of a 15-year-old girl with SRA and discusses the implication of this disorder on orthodontic and orthognathic treatment of patients.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):296-299
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_128_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Karapandzic flap for esthetic and functional reconstruction of large
           defect of lower lip

    • Authors: Anuj S Dadhich, Seemit Shah, Harish Saluja, Parul Tandon, Vinayak More
      Pages: 300 - 303
      Abstract: Anuj S Dadhich, Seemit Shah, Harish Saluja, Parul Tandon, Vinayak More
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):300-303
      Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer occurring in the oral cavity. The lips are one of the most common sites of occurrence with involvement, lower lip being more common than upper. Reconstruction of large defects of lower lip with good functional and esthetic outcome is the biggest challenge faced by the surgeon. Karapandzic flap is one the most commonly used technique for reconstruction of large defects of the lower lip.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):300-303
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_127_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma with a predominant radiopaque component

    • Authors: Saurabh Gajanan Kale, Akshay Shetty, Jintu Balakrishnan, Praveen Purvey
      Pages: 304 - 307
      Abstract: Saurabh Gajanan Kale, Akshay Shetty, Jintu Balakrishnan, Praveen Purvey
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):304-307
      Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a rare odontogenic tumor. Initially believed to be a lesion similar to ameloblastic fibroma (AF), it is now considered as a separate entity in the WHO odontogenic tumor classification. Commonly associated with a painless swelling and an associated absence of eruption of a tooth, AFO presents as a mixed radiopaque and radiolucent lesion in the younger population with a predilection for the posterior region. Histologically, it shows the characteristics of an immature complex odontoma with irregularly arranged enamel, dentinoid, cementoid-like structures, and ectomesenchymal tissue. The following case report describes a case of AFO with a predominantly radiopaque component and briefly discusses the available literature pertaining to this rare entity.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):304-307
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_84_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Unusual case of acquired capillary hemangioma of the eyelid in an adult

    • Authors: S Vijayanand, Narahari Ranganatha, Madhumati Singh, Ramesh Babu
      Pages: 308 - 311
      Abstract: S Vijayanand, Narahari Ranganatha, Madhumati Singh, Ramesh Babu
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):308-311
      Acquired capillary hemangioma of the eyelid is very uncommon in adults. To our knowledge, only eight such cases have been reported in the literature till date. We report the case of a 25-year-old female with acquired capillary hemangioma of the left lower eyelid treated by cutting diathermy followed by reconstruction of the cutaneous and cartilaginous defect. This patient had a history of a similar lesion in the left malar region treated 5 years back. This case is being presented to highlight the occurrence of such lesions in an adult and to discuss the dilemmas in the diagnosis and management.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):308-311
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_168_14
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Management of non-hodgkin&#39;s lymphoma in maxillofacial region
           with chemotherapy

    • Authors: Ayesha Moin, Akshay D Shetty
      Pages: 312 - 315
      Abstract: Ayesha Moin, Akshay D Shetty
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):312-315
      Malignant lymphomas form a heterogeneous group of neoplasms of the lymphoid tissue with different clinical courses, depending on the treatment and prognosis. Lymphoma is a malignant neoplasm of the lymphoid tissue; it is broadly classified into Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and Non-HL (NHL) depending on the presence or absence of the Reed– Sternberg cells. The main types of lymphomas are (1) HL and (2) NHL. This case report describes about primary NHL involving the mandible. Chemotherapy was advised by the oncologist, and a total of 14 cycles were suggested at the gap of every 2 weeks. The treatment regimen followed was classical Cyclophosphamide hydrodaunorubicin oncovin Prednisolone (CHOP) therapy. NHL can be managed by chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery in various combinations. NHL arising in bone is best treated by chemotherapy and may not require radiotherapy. Survival and prognosis are excellent in localized disease, whereas disseminated disease seems less favorable.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):312-315
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_85_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Dual pathology of mandible

    • Authors: Suday G Rajurkar, Mohan D Deshpande, Noaman Kazi, Dhanashree Jadhav, Pallavi Ranadive, Snehal Ingole
      Pages: 316 - 318
      Abstract: Suday G Rajurkar, Mohan D Deshpande, Noaman Kazi, Dhanashree Jadhav, Pallavi Ranadive, Snehal Ingole
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):316-318
      Aneurysmal Bone cyst (ABC)is a rare benign lesion of the bone which is infrequent in craniofacial region (12%). Rapid growth pattern causing bone expansion and facial asymmetry is a characteristic feature of ABC. Giant cell lesion is another distinct pathological entity. Here we present to you a rare case of dual pathology in an 11 year old female patient who presented with a large expansile lesion in the left hemimandible. All radiographic investigations were suggestive of ABC, aspiration of the lesion resulted in blood aspirate. However only after a histologic examination the dual nature of the lesion was revealed.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):316-318
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_146_16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Surgical resection of a parotid gland hemangioma in teenager managed with
           external carotid artery ligation

    • Authors: Fernando M Saldivar-Galindo, David F Navarro-Barquin, Francisco Santamar&#237;a-Orozco, Felipe A Pi&#241;a-Avil&#233;s, Norma G Saldivar-&#193;lvarez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala
      Pages: 319 - 321
      Abstract: Fernando M Saldivar-Galindo, David F Navarro-Barquin, Francisco Santamaría-Orozco, Felipe A Piña-Avilés, Norma G Saldivar-Álvarez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala
      Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):319-321
      Parotid gland hemangiomas represent <0.6% of the total tumors of the gland and there are <50 tumors reported during adult age, so there is no standard treatment. A 18-year-old female presents with a mass in the right parotid gland of 18 months of a slow progressive asymptomatic growth; on physical examination, only the mass was detected. An angiography was performed, and it reported a possible hemangioma that depends on the right internal maxillary artery and right facial artery and was not suitable for embolization. Total parotidectomy was performed with prior ligation of the right external carotid artery, complete resection was achieved and preservation of the facial nerve and all branches with minimal loss of blood (150 cc). External carotid artery ligation is a safe technique that can be considered in carefully selected patients with vascular tumors that affect the head and neck to achieve a clean and safe surgery with minimal sequels.
      Citation: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2017 7(2):319-321
      PubDate: Wed,22 Nov 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_99_17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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