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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.352
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0974-2069 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5149
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Repaired congenital heart disease and our social milieu

    • Authors: Krishna S Iyer
      Pages: 233 - 234
      Abstract: Krishna S Iyer
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):233-234

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):233-234
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_134_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Is transposition a defect of laterality?

    • Authors: Robert H Anderson, John Stickley
      Pages: 235 - 236
      Abstract: Robert H Anderson, John Stickley
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):235-236

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):235-236
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_122_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Transposition of the great arteries: A laterality defect in the group of
           heterotaxy syndromes or an outflow tract malformation?

    • Authors: Rana S Al-Zahrani, Samaher H Alharbi, Rawan M A Tuwaijri, Bayan T Alzomaili, Alaa Althubaiti, Talat Mesud Yelbuz
      Pages: 237 - 249
      Abstract: Rana S Al-Zahrani, Samaher H Alharbi, Rawan M A Tuwaijri, Bayan T Alzomaili, Alaa Althubaiti, Talat Mesud Yelbuz
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):237-249
      Background/Aim: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is traditionally classified as a “conotruncal heart defect”, implying that TGA evolves from abnormal development of the outflow tract (OFT) of the embryonic heart. However, recently published genetic data suggest that TGA may be linked to laterality gene defects rather than OFT gene defects. The aim of our study was to clarify whether there is any statistically significant link between TGA and clinically diagnosed laterality defects (heterotaxy).Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 533 patients diagnosed with TGA at our cardiac center over a period of 13 years (2002-2015). Hospital informatics and digital data recording systems were used for collecting patients' data and all patients were reviewed to check the echocardiograms for verification of the diagnosis, type (TGA, congenitally corrected TGA (ccTGA), and levo-position of the great arteries (LGA)), complexity of TGA, and all other variables (e.g., abdominal organ arrangement, cardiac position, presence or absence of other cardiac defects).Results: Of 533 TGA patients, 495 (92.9%) had the usual arrangement of the internal organs, 21 (3.9%) had mirror-imagery, 7 (1.3%) had left and 10 (1.8%) had right isomerism. 444 (83.3%) patients had TGA. The number of patients who had usual visceral arrangement in each TGA type was: 418 (94.1%) in TGA, 49 (92.4%) in ccTGA, and 28 (77.7%) in LGA. 6 (1.4%) TGA patients, 4 (11.1%) patients with LGA were found to have right isomerism, while no ccTGA patient presented with this asymmetry. 4 (0.9%) TGA patients, 1 (1.9%) ccTGA patient and 2 (5.6%) patients with LGA had left isomerism. Heterotaxy (mirror-imagery, left and right isomerism) was more associated with LGA than TGA or ccTGA with a statistically significant difference (P value of 0.001).Conclusion: In contrast to recently published genetic data, our morphological data do not disclose a significant link between TGA and heterotaxy.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):237-249
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_24_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Validation of the accuracy of handheld echocardiography for diagnosis of
           congenital heart disease

    • Authors: Sulafa Ali, Tajudeen Bushari
      Pages: 250 - 254
      Abstract: Sulafa Ali, Tajudeen Bushari
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):250-254
      Background: Handheld echocardiography (HHE) has been increasingly used for rheumatic heart disease screening and in adult emergency room settings.Aims: This study aimed to validate the accuracy of HHE in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD).Settings and Design Methodology: This is a prospective study carried out at three pediatric cardiology outpatient clinics in Khartoum, Sudan.All patients with suspected CHD were evaluated by clinical examination followed by HHE, performed using a modified segmental approach. Then, a complete study was performed using a standard echocardiography machine. The results were then compared using appropriate statistical tools.Results: A total of eighty cases were included with the following diagnoses either in isolation or combination: ventricular septal defect (n = 23), atrial septal defect (n = 10), pulmonary stenosis (n = 7), tetralogy of Fallot (n = 7), patent ductus arteriosus (n = 6), atrioventricular septal defect (n = 6), transposition of the great arteries (n = 6), and other diagnoses (n = 15). Agreement between HHE and SE was excellent both for visualizing heart segments (κ =77%–100% with a mean of 92.9%) and for diagnosis of CHD (κ =66%–100% with a mean of 91.7%). The sensitivity of HHE was 69.2%–100% (mean = 90.2%) and specificity was 98.5%–100% (mean = 99.3%).Conclusion: This study supports extending the utility of HHE in children for screening of CHD in addition to its current role in rheumatic heart disease screening.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):250-254
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_159_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Predictors of abnormal electrocardiograms in the pediatric emergency
           department

    • Authors: Shiv Gandhi, Miranda Lin, Sharon R Smith, Jesse J Sturm
      Pages: 255 - 260
      Abstract: Shiv Gandhi, Miranda Lin, Sharon R Smith, Jesse J Sturm
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):255-260
      Background: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) are ordered in the pediatric emergency room for a wide variety of chief complaints.Objectives: Criteria are lacking as to when physicians should obtain ECGs. This study uses a large retrospective cohort of 880 pediatric emergency department (ED) patients to highlight objective criteria including significant medical history and specific vital sign abnormalities to guide clinicians as to which patients might have an abnormal ECG.Methods: Retrospective review of Pediatric ED charts in all patients aged < 18 years who had ECG performed during ED stay. Pediatric ED physician interpretation of the ECG, clinical data on vital signs and past medical history was collected from the medical record for analysis.Results: Of 880 ECGs performed in the ED, 17.4% were abnormal. When controlled for medical history and demographic differences, abnormal ECGs were associated with age-adjusted abnormal ED vital signs including increased heart rate (odds ratio [OR] 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1–3.09) and increased respiratory rate (OR 1.74, CI 1.42–2.62). In a logistic regression analysis, certain chief complaints and history components were less likely to have abnormal ECGs including complaints of chest pain (OR 0.38, CI 0.18–0.80) and known history of gastrointestinal or respiratory condition (i.e., asthma) (OR 0.48, CI 0.29–0.79). Conclusions: In this cohort of patients, those with a chief complaint of chest pain or known respiratory conditions and normal age-adjusted vital signs in the ED have low likelihood of an abnormal ECG.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):255-260
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_155_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Native aortic coarctation in neonates and infants: Immediate and midterm
           outcomes with balloon angioplasty and surgery

    • Authors: Supratim Sen, Sandeep Garg, Suresh G Rao, Snehal Kulkarni
      Pages: 261 - 266
      Abstract: Supratim Sen, Sandeep Garg, Suresh G Rao, Snehal Kulkarni
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):261-266
      Background: Native aortic coarctation in young infants can be treated surgically or with balloon angioplasty, although the latter approach remains controversial. We sought to compare midterm outcomes of balloon and surgical coarctoplasty at our center and to review the current practices in literature.Methods: The study design was a retrospective record review. Patients with coarctation aged <1 year who underwent balloon or surgical coarctoplasty at our center (January 2010–January 2016) with >6-month post-procedure follow-up were studied. Patients with significant arch hypoplasia or interruption, long-segment coarctation, and associated intracardiac lesions were excluded from the study. Clinical, echocardiographic, and procedural details were recorded at initial presentation and follow-up. Need for reintervention was noted.Results: Out of a total of 75 patients, 28 underwent balloon (Group A) and 47 underwent surgical coarctoplasty (Group B). There were two deaths in Group B (mortality 4.2%) and none in Group A. In neonates, 63.6% of Group A and 17.4% of Group B patients required reintervention (P = 0.007). Beyond the neonatal age, 29.4% of Group A and 41.6% of Group B patients required reintervention (not statistically significant). On univariate analysis, residual coarctation on predischarge echocardiogram was the only significant predictor of reintervention (P = 0.04). On Kaplan–Meier analysis, with neonatal presentation, freedom from reintervention in Group B was significantly higher than Group A (P = 0.028).Conclusion: In neonates with native aortic coarctation, surgery unequivocally yields better immediate and midterm results and is the preferred treatment modality. In older infants, balloon coarctoplasty has good early and midterm outcomes with acceptable reintervention rates and should be considered a viable alternative to surgery, especially in critical patients with high surgical risk.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):261-266
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_165_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Early outcomes of modification of end to side repair of coarctation of
           aorta with arch hypoplasia in neonates and infants

    • Authors: Anil Kumar Dharmapuram, Nagarajan Ramadoss, Sudeep Verma, Goutami Vejendla, Rao Mrutyunjaya Ivatury
      Pages: 267 - 274
      Abstract: Anil Kumar Dharmapuram, Nagarajan Ramadoss, Sudeep Verma, Goutami Vejendla, Rao Mrutyunjaya Ivatury
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):267-274
      Background: In coarctation of aorta associated with proximal arch hypoplasia, extended end-to-end anastomosis through a thoracotomy would result in a residual gradient between the origins of the innominate and the left common carotid arteries. To eliminate this, we modified the surgical technique.Patients and Methods: Between March 2012 and May 2017, 50 patients (14 neonates) underwent repair of coarctation of aorta through a thoracotomy. The age ranged from 6 days to 2 years (median 2 months) and the weight from 1.8 to 8.0 kg (median 4.3 kg). A total of 15 patients (Group A) underwent repair by the extended end-to-end anastomosis. Among them, two patients developed early restenosis at the proximal arch requiring surgical reintervention. Hence, in the second half of the study, 35 patients (Group B) who were identified to have significant hypoplasia of the proximal arch underwent a modified end-to-side anastomosis of the descending aorta to the proximal arch incorporating the distal ascending aorta in the anastomosis and leaving the left subclavian artery end of the isthmus as an end-on vessel.Results: One neonate in Group B died due to a cause not related to the repair. All the other patients in Group B are doing well without a residual gradient during a median follow-up of 23 months. There were no airway issues related to extensive mobilization of the aorta.Conclusion: End-to-side anastomosis of the descending aorta to the proximal arch and side of the ascending aorta is possible through a thoracotomy and can be achieved with good outcome in neonates and infants.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):267-274
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_5_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Modified technique for uncommon coarctation of the aorta with arch
           hypoplasia

    • Authors: Brijesh Parayaru Kottayil, Praveen R Bayya, Luis Baquero, Amitabh C Sen, Raman K Kumar
      Pages: 275 - 277
      Abstract: Brijesh Parayaru Kottayil, Praveen R Bayya, Luis Baquero, Amitabh C Sen, Raman K Kumar
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):275-277
      A true presubclavian coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia without major intracardiac anomaly can result in a surgical dilemma. Theoretically, one can avoid repair through median sternotomy using selective cerebral perfusion and its sequelae since no major intracardiac repair is needed. Repair through thoracotomy is technically challenging if arch reconstruction is required and precise surgical planning is required to avoid spinal hypoperfusion and to maintain cerebral perfusion. Moreover, inadequate repair often has resulted in hypoplastic aortic arch or residual coarctation on follow-up requiring future intervention. We have employed a modified surgical repair through thoracotomy avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass to address presubclavian coarctation of the aorta with diffuse arch hypoplasia with theoretically less chance for future stenosis.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):275-277
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_34_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Descending aortic translocation procedure for relief of bronchial
           compression in left aortic arch and right descending aorta

    • Authors: Roy Varghese, Ronak Sheth, Sivakumar Kothandam
      Pages: 278 - 281
      Abstract: Roy Varghese, Ronak Sheth, Sivakumar Kothandam
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):278-281
      Compression of the left bronchus by a right-sided descending aorta arising from a left aortic arch constitutes an exceedingly rare form of vascular ring. This manuscript describes the surgical technique that involves translocation of the descending aorta directly to the proximal ascending aorta, thereby relieving the bronchial compression.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):278-281
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_151_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Rationale and design of long-term outcomes and vascular evaluation after
           successful coarctation of the aorta treatment study

    • Authors: Jose D Martins, Justin Zachariah, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney, Uyen Truong, Shaine A Morris, Shelby Kutty, Sarah D de Ferranti, Jonathan Rhodes, Marta Antonio, Maria Guarino, Boban Thomas, Diana Oliveira, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Nuno Jalles, Tal Geva, Miguel Carmo, Ashwin Prakash
      Pages: 282 - 296
      Abstract: Jose D Martins, Justin Zachariah, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney, Uyen Truong, Shaine A Morris, Shelby Kutty, Sarah D de Ferranti, Jonathan Rhodes, Marta Antonio, Maria Guarino, Boban Thomas, Diana Oliveira, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Nuno Jalles, Tal Geva, Miguel Carmo, Ashwin Prakash
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):282-296
      Background: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) can be treated using surgery, balloon angioplasty, or stent implantation. Although short-term results are excellent with all three treatment modalities, long-term cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality remain high, likely due to persistently abnormal vascular function. The effects of treatment modality on long-term vascular function remain uncharacterized. The goal of this study is to assess vascular function in this patient population for comparison among the treatment modalities.Methods: We will prospectively assess vascular Afunction in large and small arteries fusing multiple noninvasive modalities and compare the results among the three groups of CoA patients previously treated using surgery, balloon angioplasty, or stent implantation after frequency matching for confounding variables. A comprehensive vascular function assessment protocol has been created to be used in 7 centers. Our primary outcome is arterial stiffness measured by arterial tonometry. Inclusion and exclusion criteria have been carefully established after consideration of several potential confounders. Sample size has been calculated for the primary outcome variable.Conclusion: Treatment modalities for CoA may have distinct impact on large and small arterial vascular function. The results of this study will help identify the treatment modality that is associated with the most optimal level of vascular function, which, in the long term, may reduce CV risk.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):282-296
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_64_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Late recovery of sinus rhythm following perioperative complete
           atrioventricular block in a child with congenitally corrected
           transposition

    • Authors: Eric Allen Pasman, Matthew Needleman, Joseph William May
      Pages: 297 - 299
      Abstract: Eric Allen Pasman, Matthew Needleman, Joseph William May
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):297-299
      We report a patient with l-transposition of the great arteries who developed perioperative complete atrioventricular block at 5 years of age in conjunction with a modified double-switch operation, but had unexpected late recovery of normal sinus rhythm months later. This case highlights that even for patients with l-transposition, which is particularly vulnerable to developing both spontaneous and perioperative complete atrioventricular block, late recovery of atrioventricular node conduction may still be possible after surgery.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):297-299
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_22_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Successful Angiojet® aortic thrombectomy of extracorporeal membrane
           oxygenation-related thrombus in a newborn

    • Authors: Maria Elena Gutierrez, Jeffrey A Alten, Mark A Law
      Pages: 300 - 303
      Abstract: Maria Elena Gutierrez, Jeffrey A Alten, Mark A Law
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):300-303
      Thrombosis and systemic embolization are important complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We present a 2.5 kg neonate born at 37.4 weeks with hypoplastic left heart supported on ECMO that developed an acute, occlusive distal aortic thrombus that was emergently managed by transcatheter Angiojet® (Boston Scientific, Boston, MA) thrombectomy. The procedure successfully restored perfusion to the lower extremities with sustained result upon 1-week follow-up. This case highlights the Angiojet® thrombectomy as a treatment option for limb- or organ-threatening acute thrombus in even the most complex ECMO patients.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):300-303
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_26_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Endovascular management of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation in a
           neonate

    • Authors: Siddharthan Deepti, Rajnish Juneja, Leve Joseph Devarajan Sebastian
      Pages: 304 - 307
      Abstract: Siddharthan Deepti, Rajnish Juneja, Leve Joseph Devarajan Sebastian
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):304-307
      A term baby presented on the 7th day of life in cardiogenic shock due to vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation. A successful embolization of the malformation was performed through transarterial route on day 12 of life after a period of initial stabilization.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):304-307
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_33_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Morphology of intramural ventricular septal defects: Clinical imaging and
           autopsy correlation

    • Authors: Neil D Patel, Richard W Kim, Suwanna Pornrattanarungsi, Pierre C Wong
      Pages: 308 - 311
      Abstract: Neil D Patel, Richard W Kim, Suwanna Pornrattanarungsi, Pierre C Wong
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):308-311
      An intramural ventricular septal defect (IVSD) is a type of interventricular communication that can occur following biventricular repair of a conotruncal malformation. There have been no previous reports depicting the actual pathologic anatomy of this defect. We describe two cases of IVSDs with their clinical imaging and postmortem pathology.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):308-311
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_139_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Takayasu&#39;s aorto-arteritis: Not your regular lesion for
           angioplasty

    • Authors: Navdeep Singh, Vivek Athwani, Vikas Bansal, Shaveta Kundra
      Pages: 312 - 314
      Abstract: Navdeep Singh, Vivek Athwani, Vikas Bansal, Shaveta Kundra
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):312-314
      We report a case of a 6-year-old female child with Takayasu's aorto-arteritis (TA) with severe coarctation of the aorta which resulted in an aortic dissection post-ballooning. This happened despite ensuring that markers for disease activity were negative, with appropriate corticosteroid therapy started before the procedure, and using a low-profile, low-pressure, and slightly undersized balloon for dilating the stenotic segment. It required immediate endovascular stenting to tide over the crisis. Following the procedure, she became normotensive with well-palpable lower limb pulses.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):312-314
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_28_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Balloon angioplasty for supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early
           complication following arterial switch operation

    • Authors: Kaitlin Carr, Osamah Aldoss, Bijoy Thattaliyath, Manish Bansal
      Pages: 315 - 317
      Abstract: Kaitlin Carr, Osamah Aldoss, Bijoy Thattaliyath, Manish Bansal
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):315-317
      Supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early complication of transposition of the great artery repair is rare with few cases reported. Furthermore, transcatheter intervention is uncommon as surgical re-intervention has been traditionally done. We describe two cases of supravalvular aortic stenosis at the anastomotic site as an early complication of the arterial switch operation. Both patients underwent balloon angioplasty of the supravalvular aorta with improvement in postangioplasty gradients and angiographic appearance. Both patients at short-term follow-up had persistent improved gradient without need for further intervention.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):315-317
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_53_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Neonatal supraventricular extrasystole as early clinical debut of cardiac
           rhabdomyoma

    • Authors: Roger Esmel-Vilomara, Amparo Castellote, Luz Santana, Dimpna Calila Albert
      Pages: 318 - 321
      Abstract: Roger Esmel-Vilomara, Amparo Castellote, Luz Santana, Dimpna Calila Albert
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):318-321
      We are reporting the case of a newborn with a diagnosis of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles, up to 25% of beats at Holter monitoring, and partial response to beta-blockers. Initial echocardiographic studies were normal until the identification of a right atrial mass at 4 months of life. Given the progressive growth of the mass and the suspicion of myxoma or thrombus in the magnetic resonance study, surgical resection of the tumor was performed. The surgical specimen was histologically diagnostic of rhabdomyoma. Currently, the patient remains asymptomatic after a 6-year follow-up period. A single rhabdomyoma is described, located in an atypical situation, near the crista terminalis, and diagnosed from frequent extrasystoles which appeared before the echocardiographic resolution was able to identify it. Magnetic resonance showed nondiagnostic tissue enhancement characteristics.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):318-321
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_61_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection masking an aortopulmonary
           window: A rare combination of defects

    • Authors: Shyamajit Samaddar, Dheeraj Bhatt, Munish Guleria, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Anubhav Gupta
      Pages: 322 - 324
      Abstract: Shyamajit Samaddar, Dheeraj Bhatt, Munish Guleria, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Anubhav Gupta
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):322-324
      The association of aortopulmonary (AP) window with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) has so far not been reported. We report a unique case of an 8-month-old child who presented with congestive cardiac failure and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Initial echocardiography revealed supracardiac TAPVC. Cardiac computed tomography showed the presence of Type I AP window along with the TAPVC. In the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension and dilated right ventricle, AP window may easily be missed if not actively looked for.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):322-324
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_45_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
           associated with an aortopulmonary window

    • Authors: Padebettu Subramanya Seetharama Bhat, Chandana Nirmala Chandrashekar, Divya Mallikarjun, SL Girish Gowda
      Pages: 325 - 327
      Abstract: Padebettu Subramanya Seetharama Bhat, Chandana Nirmala Chandrashekar, Divya Mallikarjun, SL Girish Gowda
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):325-327
      Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the pulmonary artery is a rare entity that causes chronic left-to-right shunting of blood from the RCA, through the coronary collaterals into the pulmonary artery. This results in persistent myocardial ischemia and ventricular dysfunction. Association of this anomaly with an aortopulmonary window worsens the condition further due to an additional shunt. We encountered a combination of these two anomalies along with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect in a 10-month-old baby who presented with excessive crying and failure to thrive. Evaluation by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac computed tomography scan confirmed the diagnosis. Intrapulmonary baffle was done using a pericardial patch to connect the RCA origin to ascending aorta through the aortopulmonary window, similar to Takeuchi procedure. Concomitantly, ostium secundum atrial septal defect was also closed.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):325-327
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_65_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals in pulmonary atresia

    • Authors: Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Anoop Ayyappan, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy
      Pages: 328 - 329
      Abstract: Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Anoop Ayyappan, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):328-329
      A 2-month-old baby with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary atresia was found to have coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals. Cardiac computed tomography confirmed the coronary collaterals and showed the absence of other systemic to pulmonary artery collaterals. Although these collaterals do not cause coronary ischemia, it is important to delineate them by accurate imaging to plan the appropriate surgical strategy.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):328-329
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_29_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Professor Ivatury Mritunjay Rao

    • Authors: Krishna Subramony Iyer
      Pages: 330 - 331
      Abstract: Krishna Subramony Iyer
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):330-331

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):330-331
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_129_18
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Erratum: Fetal cardiac arrhythmias: Current evidence

    • Pages: 332 - 332
      Abstract:
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):332-332

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2018 11(3):332-332
      PubDate: Mon,10 Sep 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.240856
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2018)
       
 
 
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