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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.102
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0019-5359 - ISSN (Online) 0019-5359
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Universal health coverage in India: Progress achieved & the way
           forward

    • Authors: Sanjay Zodpey, Habib Hasan Farooqui
      Pages: 327 - 329
      Abstract: Sanjay Zodpey, Habib Hasan Farooqui
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):327-329

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):327-329
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_616_18
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • World immunization week 2018: What lessons for India?

    • Authors: T Jacob John
      Pages: 330 - 333
      Abstract: T Jacob John
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):330-333

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):330-333
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_469_18
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Analyzing lipids in the liver & in the red blood cell membrane
           in liver diseases

    • Authors: CE Eapen, Banumathi Ramakrishna, KA Balasubramanian
      Pages: 334 - 336
      Abstract: CE Eapen, Banumathi Ramakrishna, KA Balasubramanian
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):334-336

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):334-336
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1770_17
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in non-smokers - Is it a different
           phenotype?

    • Authors: Surinder K Jindal
      Pages: 337 - 339
      Abstract: Surinder K Jindal
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):337-339

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):337-339
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_10_18
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Oxidative stress as a possible pathogenic cofactor of post-menopausal
           osteoporosis: Existing evidence in support of the axis oestrogen
           deficiency-redox imbalance-bone loss

    • Authors: Gloria Bonaccorsi, Isabella Piva, Pantaleo Greco, Carlo Cervellati
      Pages: 341 - 351
      Abstract: Gloria Bonaccorsi, Isabella Piva, Pantaleo Greco, Carlo Cervellati
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):341-351
      Post-menopausal osteoporosis (PO) is one of the major health issues associated with menopause-related oestrogen withdrawal. Despite the intense research and the relevant progress achieved in the last two decades, the pathogenic mechanism underlying PO is still poorly understood. As a consequence of this gap in the knowledge, such disorder and the related complications are still difficult to be effectively prevented. A wealth of experimental and epidemiological/clinical evidence suggests that the endocrine change associated to menopausal transition might lead to a derangement of redox homeostasis, that is, the prelude to the health-threaten condition of oxidative stress (OxS). In turn, this (bio)chemical stress has been widely hypothesized to contribute, most likely in synergy with inflammation, to the development of menopause-related diseases, including PO. The main aim of this review is to discuss the current literature evidence on the association between post-menopausal oestrogen withdrawal, OxS and PO. It is also aimed to provide a critical overview of the most significant epidemiological studies on the effects of dietary antioxidants on bone health and to devise a strategy to overcome the limitations emerged and controversial results.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):341-351
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_524_18
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Erythrocyte membrane fatty acid profile & serum cytokine levels in
           patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    • Authors: Bahareh Amirkalali, Masoud Reza Sohrabi, Ali Esrafily, Mahmoud Jalali, Ali Gholami, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Keyvani, Farzad Shidfar, Farhad Zamani
      Pages: 352 - 360
      Abstract: Bahareh Amirkalali, Masoud Reza Sohrabi, Ali Esrafily, Mahmoud Jalali, Ali Gholami, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Keyvani, Farzad Shidfar, Farhad Zamani
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):352-360
      Background & objectives: Fatty acids may affect the expression of genes, and this process is influenced by sex hormones. Cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), so this study was aimed to assess the association of erythrocyte membrane fatty acids with three cytokines and markers of hepatic injury in NAFLD patients and to explore whether these associations were the same in both sexes.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 consecutive patients (32 men and 30 women) with NAFLD during the study period. Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were measured in a fasting serum sample, and Fibroscan was conducted for each individual. Gas chromatography was used to measure erythrocyte membrane fatty acids. Univariate and multiple linear regressions were used to analyze data.Results: In men, IL-6 had a significant (P <0.05) positive association with total ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). In women, TNF-α had a significant positive association with total ω-3 (P <0.05) and ω-6 (P <0.01) PUFAs, IL-6 had a significant (P <0.05) positive association with total monounsaturated fatty acids and MCP-1 had a significant positive association with total trans-fatty acids (P <0.05). No significant associations were observed between erythrocyte membrane fatty acids and liver enzymes or Fibroscan report in both sexes. In this study, women were significantly older than men [51 (42.75-55) vs 35.5 (29-52), P <0.01], so the associations were adjusted for age and other confounders. Interpretation & conclusions: Erythrocyte membrane fatty acid profile was not associated with serum liver enzymes or Fibroscan reports in NAFLD patients, but it had significant associations with serum TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 and these associations were probably sex dependent.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):352-360
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1065_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Expression analysis of apolipoproteins AI & AIV in hepatocellular
           carcinoma: A protein-based hepatocellular carcinoma-associated study

    • Authors: Dipu Bharali, Basu Dev Banerjee, Mausumi Bharadwaj, Syed Akhtar Husain, Premashis Kar
      Pages: 361 - 368
      Abstract: Dipu Bharali, Basu Dev Banerjee, Mausumi Bharadwaj, Syed Akhtar Husain, Premashis Kar
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):361-368
      Background & objectives: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer mortality. The objective of this study was to find out the differential expression of apolipoproteins (ApoAI and ApoAIV) in HCC and cases of liver cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis (controls) without HCC and to compare ApoAI and ApoAIV expression with alpha-foetoprotein (AFP), the conventional marker in HCC.Methods: Fifty patients with HCC and 50 controls comprising patients with liver cirrhosis (n=25) and chronic hepatitis (n=25) without HCC were included in this study. Total proteins were precipitated using acetone precipitation method followed by albumin and IgG depletion of precipitated protein using depletion kit. Proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The expression changes of ApoAI and ApoAIV were confirmed by western blotting using specific primary and secondary polyclonal antibodies followed by densitometric protein semi-quantitative estimation. ApoAI, ApoAIV and AFP were measured in the plasma samples by ELISA method.Results: Semi-quantitative densitometric image analysis of the western blot images and the comparison between HCC patients with those without HCC (control) revealed differential expression of ApoAI and ApoAIV. Levels of ApoAI were significantly higher in patients with HCC compared to controls without HCC (0.279±0.216 vs 0.171±0.091 and 0.199±0.014; P <0.001). Levels of ApoAIV were significantly lower in patients of HCC compared to controls without HCC (0.119±0.061 vs 0.208±0.07 and 0.171±0.16; P <0.01). ELISA assays of apolipoproteins (ApoAI and ApoAIV) revealed similar results of expression of ApoAI and ApoAIV as detected in western blotting densitometric image analysis.Interpretation & conclusions: Increased expression of ApoAI and decreased expression of ApoAIV in HCC patients compared to controls without HCC revealed the abnormalities in HCC. These molecules need to be studied further for their use as potential biomarkers in the future diagnostic tools along with other conventional biomarkers for screening of HCC cases. It needs further analysis in higher number of patient population.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):361-368
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1358_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Development of a screening instrument for autism spectrum disorder:
           Chandigarh Autism Screening Instrument

    • Authors: Priti Arun, Bir Singh Chavan
      Pages: 369 - 375
      Abstract: Priti Arun, Bir Singh Chavan
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):369-375
      Background & objectives: There is a paucity of trained professionals for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and a large number of cases go undetected and are diagnosed only during adolescence. There is no screening instrument specifically developed for screening of Indian population for ASD. This study was undertaken to develop a screening instrument to screen ASD in north Indian Hindi speaking population by multipurpose health workers.Methods: A 37-item instrument in Hindi with dichotomous yes/no responses [Chandigarh Autism Screening Instrument (CASI)] was developed to be applied on children aged 1.5-10 yr. The instrument was pilot tested and then reliability and validity of this instrument were tested. The sample included children with intellectual disability (n=75), ASD (n=83), other developmental disorders (n=87) and typically developing children (n=160).Results: Reliability, construct and content validity testing of the instrument were performed, and a score of 10 as cut-off had sensitivity of 89.16 per cent, specificity of 89.13 per cent, positive predictive value of 67.89 per cent and negative predictive value of 96.96 per cent. A shorter four-item version (CASI Bref) has also been developed with good sensitivity (73.49%) and specificity (90.68%) at a cut-off score of 2.Interpretation & conclusions: CASI was found to be a valid instrument for screening general Hindi speaking population of north India with adequate sensitivity and specificity.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):369-375
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1968_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Lymphopenia-induced proliferation of CD4 T-cells is associated with CD4
           T-lymphocyte exhaustion in treated HIV-infected patients

    • Authors: Evgeniya V Saidakova, Konstantin V Shmagel, Larisa B Korolevskaya, Nadezhda G Shmage, Valeriy A Chereshnev
      Pages: 376 - 383
      Abstract: Evgeniya V Saidakova, Konstantin V Shmagel, Larisa B Korolevskaya, Nadezhda G Shmage, Valeriy A Chereshnev
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):376-383
      Background & objectives: Under the lymphopenic condition, T-cells divide to maintain their peripheral pool size. Profound chronic lymphopenia in some treated HIV-infected patients, characterized by poor T-cell recovery, might result in intensive homeostatic proliferation and can cause T-cell exhaustion and/or senescence. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the homeostatic proliferation of CD4+T-cells in treated HIV-infected individuals, and to determine the amount of phenotypically exhausted and senescent CD4 T-lymphocytes.Methods: Thirty seven treated HIV-infected patients with suppressed HIV viral load (<50 copies/ml) were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: immunological non-responders (INRs) with CD4+T-cells <350/μl (n=16) and immunological responders (IRs) with CD4+T-cells >350/μl (n=21). T-cell subsets [naïve, central memory (CM), and effector memory (EM)] and proportions of cycling (Ki-67+), senescent (CD57+) and exhausted (PD-1+) T-lymphocytes were assessed using flow cytometry.Results: CD4+T-cell cycling rate was higher in INRs than in IRs due to more extensive proliferation of CM, 4.7 vs 2.7 per cent (P <0.01) and EM, 4.8 vs 3.2 per cent (P <0.05). The percentages of CD4+Ki-67+ CM and EM T-lymphocytes were inversely related to the CD4+T-cell counts in the appropriate subset, r=–0.584 (P <0.001) and r=–0.556, (P <0.001), respectively. Exhaustion [24.2 vs 16.7% (P <0.01)], but not senescence [7.1 vs 10.8% (P>0.05)] was more pronounced in the INR group than in the IR group. The frequency of CD4+Ki-67+ CM T-cells was related to the proportion of CD4+PD-1+ cells of the same subset, r=0.789 (P <0.001). The numbers of CD4+Ki-67+PD-1+ CM and EM T-cells were substantially higher in INRs than in IRs.Interpretation & conclusions: The present data indicated that intensive homeostatic proliferation contributed to the T-cell exhaustion in HIV-infection.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):376-383
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1801_15
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Plasma & urinary catecholamines & urinary vanillylmandelic acid
           levels in patients with generalized vitiligo

    • Authors: Binamra Basnet, Aditya Bhushan, Rehan Khan, Guresh Kumar, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Alpana Sharma, Somesh Gupta
      Pages: 384 - 390
      Abstract: Binamra Basnet, Aditya Bhushan, Rehan Khan, Guresh Kumar, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Alpana Sharma, Somesh Gupta
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):384-390
      Background & objectives: Vitiligo is an acquired skin disease characterized by depigmented areas of the skin. Increased release of catecholamines from autonomic nerve endings in microenvironment of melanocytes in affected skin might be involved in the aetiopathogenesis of vitiligo. Levels of catecholamines are considered as being related to onset or worsening of the disease. Therefore, in this study, the role of catecholamines was evaluated in mapping disease stability and outcome of vitiligo patients undergoing melanocyte transfer.Methods: In this study, circulatory and urinary levels of catecholamine (CA) and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) were determined in 45 individuals (30 vitiligo patients and 15 healthy controls) using ELISA.Results: A significant increase for plasma and urinary catecholamines along with VMA was observed as compared to healthy controls. When the pre- and post-intervention levels were analyzed in responders and non-responders, respectively, only dopamine showed significant decline in urine, rest of the molecules in plasma as well as urine showed non-significant decline except VMA which showed insignificant increase.Interpretation & conclusions: Levels of plasma/urinary epinephrine, and plasma dopamine, could not be established as biomarkers for disease stability or successful outcome of autologous melanocyte transfer in generalized vitiligo patients. However, dopamine (urine) might be of help in determining the stability in patients with generalized vitiligo undergoing melanocyte transfer. Further studies need to be done on a large sample of patients to confirm our findings.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):384-390
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_657_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Detection of parvovirus B19 in selected high-risk patient groups &
           their phylogenetic & selection analysis

    • Authors: Kumaran Vadivel, Ramamurthy Mageshbabu, Sathish Sankar, Amita Jain, Vivekanandan Perumal, Padma Srikanth, Ghosh Asit Ranjan, Aravindan Nair, Eric A. F. Simoes, Balaji Nandagopal, Gopalan Sridharan
      Pages: 391 - 399
      Abstract: Kumaran Vadivel, Ramamurthy Mageshbabu, Sathish Sankar, Amita Jain, Vivekanandan Perumal, Padma Srikanth, Ghosh Asit Ranjan, Aravindan Nair, Eric A. F. Simoes, Balaji Nandagopal, Gopalan Sridharan
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):391-399
      Background & objectives: Human parvovirus B19V (B19V) is known to be associated with erythema infectiosum commonly in children, aplastic crisis, especially in persons with underlying haemolytic disorders, hydrops fetalis in pregnancies and arthritis. This cross-sectional study was aimed to determine the presence of B19V infection in childhood febrile illnesses, association of B19V with arthropathies and in adult patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis. The genetic diversity among the sequences was also analysed.Methods: A nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) assay was used for B19V DNA targeting VP1/VP2 region and used for testing 618 patients and 100 healthy controls. Phylogenetic analysis on nucleotide and amino acid sequences was carried out to compare our sequences with other Indian strains and global strains.Results: Among 618 samples tested, seven (1.13%) were found positive. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that all the seven sequences belonged to genotype 1 and showed low genetic diversity. The clustering pattern of seven sequences was similar both by nucleotide and by predicted amino acid sequences. The fixed effects likelihood analysis showed no positive or negatively selected sites.Interpretation & conclusions: Seven samples (4 from non-traumatic arthropathies, 2 from patients with ESRD and 1 from febrile illness patient) were found positive by nPCR. When our seven sequences were compared with global strains, the closest neighbour was other Indian strains followed by the Tunisian strains.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):391-399
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_241_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Association of furanone C-30 with biofilm formation & antibiotic
           resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • Authors: Jingming Zhao, Wei Cheng, Xigang He, Yanli Liu, Ji Li, Jiaxing Sun, Jinfeng Li, Fangfang Wang, Yufang Gao
      Pages: 400 - 406
      Abstract: Jingming Zhao, Wei Cheng, Xigang He, Yanli Liu, Ji Li, Jiaxing Sun, Jinfeng Li, Fangfang Wang, Yufang Gao
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):400-406
      Background & objectives: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause nosocomial bloodstream infections in humans. This study was aimed to explore the association of furanone C-30 with biofilm formation, quorum sensing (QS) system and antibiotic resistance in P. aeruginosa.Methods: An in vitro model of P. aeruginosa bacterial biofilm was established using the standard P. aeruginosa strain (PAO-1). After treatment with 2.5 and 5 μg/ml of furanone C-30, the change of biofilm morphology of PAO-1 was observed, and the expression levels of QS-regulated virulence genes (lasB, rhlA and phzA2), QS receptor genes (lasR, rhlR and pqsR) as well as QS signal molecule synthase genes (lasI, rhlI, pqsE and pqsH) were determined. Besides, the AmpC expression was quantified in planktonic and mature biofilm induced by antibiotics.Results: Furanone C-30 treatment significantly inhibited biofilm formation in a dose-dependent manner. With the increase of furanone C-30 concentration, the expression levels of lasB, rhlA, phzA2, pqsR, lasI, rhlI pqsE and pqsH significantly decreased in mature biofilm bacteria while the expression levels of lasR and rhlR markedly increased. The AmpC expression was significantly decreased in both planktonic and biofilm bacteria induced by imipenem and ceftazidime.Interpretation & conclusions: Furanone C-30 may inhibit biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance in P. aeruginosa through regulating QS genes. The inhibitory effect of furanone C-30 on las system appeared to be stronger than that on rhl system. Further studies need to be done with different strains of P. aeruginosa to confirm our findings.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):400-406
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2010_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with multidrug-resistant
           Gram-negative infections: A pilot study

    • Authors: Vikas Gautam, Nusrat Shafiq, Johan W Mouton, Sameer Malhotra, Satinder Kaur, Pallab Ray
      Pages: 407 - 412
      Abstract: Vikas Gautam, Nusrat Shafiq, Johan W Mouton, Sameer Malhotra, Satinder Kaur, Pallab Ray
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):407-412
      Background & objectives: There is little information concerning intravenously (i.v.) administered colistin in patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative infections. Thus, this pilot prospective study was undertaken to characterize efficacy and pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with MDR Gram-negative infections.Methods: Nine patients with age >12 yr and MDR Gram-negative infections were included, of whom six were given colistin at the doses of 2 MU, while three patients were given 1 MU i.v. dose every 8 h. Blood samples were collected at different time intervals. Determination of colistin concentration was done by a ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/selected reaction monitoring assay.Results: The area under the plasma concentration-versus-time curve over eight hours (AUC0-8) for colistin after the 1st dose ranged from 3.3 to 16.4 mg×h/l (median, 4.59). After the 5th dose, AUC0-8for colistin ranged from 4.4 to 15.8 mg×h/l (median, 6.0). With minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 0.125 mg/l, AUC0-8/MIC ranged from 26.7 to 131.4 (median, 36.7) and 35.5 to 126.0 (median, 48.0) after the 1st and the 5th doses of 2 MU every 8 h, respectively.Interpretation & conclusions: As there is a paucity of information on AUC/MIC for colistin, it may not be possible to conclude whether AUC/MIC values in our patients were adequate. There is a microbiological clearance of organism, which goes in favour of the dosing schedule being adequate. Further studies need to be done to understand the pharmacokinetics of colistin in patients with infections.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):407-412
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1464_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • AdeR-AdeS mutations & overexpression of the AdeABC efflux system in
           ciprofloxacin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates

    • Authors: Abdolaziz Rastegar Lari, Abdollah Ardebili, Ali Hashemi
      Pages: 413 - 421
      Abstract: Abdolaziz Rastegar Lari, Abdollah Ardebili, Ali Hashemi
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):413-421
      Background & objectives: Overexpression of efflux pumps is a cause of acquired resistance to fluoroquinolones in Acinetobacter baumannii. The present study was done to investigate the presence and overexpression of AdeABC efflux system and to analyze the sequences of AdeR-AdeS regulatory system in ciprofloxacin-resistant A. baumannii isolates.Methods: Susceptibility of 50 clinical A. baumannii isolates to ciprofloxacin, imipenem, ceftazidime, cefepime and gentamicin antimicrobials was evaluated by agar dilution method. Isolates were screened for the evidence of active efflux pump. Isolates were also examined for adeR-adeS and adeB efflux genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The adeR and adeS regulatory genes were sequenced to detect amino acid substitutions. Expression of adeB was evaluated by quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR.Results: There were high rates of resistance to ciprofloxacin (88%), ceftazidime (88%), cefepime (74%) and imipenem (72%) and less resistance rate to gentamicin (64%). Phenotypic assay showed involvement of active efflux in decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin among 16 isolates. The 12.27-fold increase and 4.25-fold increase were found in adeB expression in ciprofloxacin-full-resistant and ciprofloxacin-intermediate-resistant isolates, respectively. Several effective mutations, including A91V, A136V, L192R, A94V, G103D and G186V, were detected in some domains of AdeR-AdeS regulators in the overexpressed ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates.Interpretation & conclusions: The results of this study indicated that overexpression of the AdeABC efflux pump was important to reduce susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and cefepime in A. baumannii that, in turn, could be triggered by alterations in the AdeR-AdeS two-component system. However, gene expression alone does not seem adequate to explain multidrug resistance phenomenon. These results could help plan improved active efflux pump inhibitors.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):413-421
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_644_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Identification of a case of SRD5A3-congenital disorder of glycosylation
           (CDG1Q) by exome sequencing

    • Authors: Neerja Gupta, Gaurav Verma, Madhulika Kabra, Sunita Bijarnia-Mahay, Aparna Ganapathy
      Pages: 422 - 426
      Abstract: Neerja Gupta, Gaurav Verma, Madhulika Kabra, Sunita Bijarnia-Mahay, Aparna Ganapathy
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):422-426

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):422-426
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_820_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • An older male with fever-induced Brugada Syndrome

    • Authors: Xiang-Fei Feng, Kai Guo
      Pages: 427 - 429
      Abstract: Xiang-Fei Feng, Kai Guo
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):427-429

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):427-429
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1886_16
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Reporting and publishing research in the biomedical sciences

    • Authors: Chandrasekaran Adithan
      Pages: 430 - 431
      Abstract: Chandrasekaran Adithan
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):430-431

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):430-431
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1221_17
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Genetics of deafness

    • Authors: Mohan Kameswaran, S Sudhamaheswari
      Pages: 431 - 432
      Abstract: Mohan Kameswaran, S Sudhamaheswari
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):431-432

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):431-432
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.236366
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Receptor biology

    • Authors: Sandhya S Visweswariah
      Pages: 432 - 433
      Abstract: Sandhya S Visweswariah
      Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):432-433

      Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Research 2018 147(4):432-433
      PubDate: Tue,10 Jul 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1223_17
      Issue No: Vol. 147, No. 4 (2018)
       
 
 
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