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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 426 journals)

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Showing 201 - 400 of 426 Journals sorted alphabetically
J. of Acute Disease     Open Access   (SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.309, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.662, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.13, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.135, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.281, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.507, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.327, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.317, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University     Open Access   (SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.455, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
J. of Forensic Dental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
J. of Forensic Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
J. of Geriatric Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Global Infectious Diseases     Open Access   (SJR: 0.735, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
J. of Health Specialties     Open Access  
J. of HIV and Human Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Human Health     Open Access  
J. of Human Reproductive Sciences (JHRS)     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.585, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Indian Academy of Dental Specialist Researchers     Open Access  
J. of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.304, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Indian Orthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Indian Prosthodontic Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.319, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.427, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Indian Society of Periodontology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.335, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Indian Speech Language & Hearing Association     Open Access  
J. of Integrative Nephrology and Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Interdisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Intl. Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Intl. Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Laboratory Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
J. of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
J. of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
J. of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Medical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.41, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Medical Society     Open Access   (SJR: 0.165, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.146, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
J. of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
J. of Mental Health and Human Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Microscopy and Ultrastructure : The J. of the Saudi Society of Microscopes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Mid-life Health     Open Access   (SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Minimal Access Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.42, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Musculoskeletal Surgery and Research     Open Access  
J. of National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers     Open Access  
J. of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.38, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Neurosciences in Rural Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Obesity and Metabolic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
J. of Ophthalmic and Vision Research     Open Access   (SJR: 0.727, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Oral Research and Review     Open Access  
J. of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access   (SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Orthodontic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Orthodontic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Orthopaedics and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Orthopedics, Traumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Pathology Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.639, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Patient Safety & Infection Control     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
J. of Pediatric Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Pediatric Neurosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.253, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Pharmaceutical Negative Results     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.151, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.476, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.338, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.303, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Radiation and Cancer Research     Open Access  
J. of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access  
J. of Reports in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (SJR: 0.16, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.593, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Research in Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 2.211, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Restorative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Spinal Studies and Surgery     Open Access  
J. of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
J. of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
J. of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
J. of the Egyptian Ophthalmological Society     Open Access  
J. of The Egyptian Society of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access  
J. of The Indian Academy of Echocardiography & Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of the Intl. Clinical Dental Research Organization     Open Access  
J. of the Practice of Cardiovascular Sciences     Open Access  
J. of the Scientific Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Vector Borne Diseases     Open Access   (SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Young Pharmacists     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.306, CiteScore: 1)
Karnataka Anaesthesia J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kasr Al Ainy Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerala J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Libyan Intl. Medical University J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Libyan J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Lung India     Open Access   (SJR: 0.379, CiteScore: 1)
MAMC J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Medical Gas Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.658, CiteScore: 3)
Medical J. of Babylon     Open Access  
Medical J. of Dr. D.Y. Patil University     Open Access  
Medical J. of Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth     Open Access  
Medical Law Cases for Doctors     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Menoufia Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mens Sana Monographs     Open Access   (SJR: 0.11, CiteScore: 0)
Middle East African J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.523, CiteScore: 1)
Middle East J. of Medical Genetics     Open Access  
Muller J. of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access  
National J. of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
National Medical J. of India     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.188, CiteScore: 0)
Neural Regeneration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.648, CiteScore: 2)
Neurology India     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.413, CiteScore: 1)
New Nigerian J. of Clinical Research     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Basic and Clinical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Clinical Practice     Open Access   (SJR: 0.398, CiteScore: 1)
Nigerian J. of Experimental and Clinical Biosciences     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of General Practice     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Ophthalmology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Orthopaedics and Trauma     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian J. of Surgical Research     Open Access  
Nigerian J. of Surgical Sciences     Open Access  
Nigerian Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Postgraduate Medical J.     Open Access  
Noise and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.876, CiteScore: 2)
North American J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (SJR: 0.627, CiteScore: 2)
Nursing and Midwifery Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Oman J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.388, CiteScore: 1)
Oncology J. of India     Open Access  
Paediatric Orthopaedics and Related Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pan Arab J. of Rhinology     Open Access  
Parasitologists United J.     Open Access  
Pediatric Respirology and Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives in Clinical Research     Open Access  
Pharmaceutical Methods     Open Access  
Pharmacognosy Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.519, CiteScore: 2)
Pharmacognosy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.506, CiteScore: 2)
Pharmacognosy Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.12, CiteScore: 5)
Physiotherapy : The J. of Indian Association of Physiotherapists     Open Access  
Pigment Intl.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Port Harcourt Medical J.     Open Access  
Radiation Protection and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ramon Llull J. of Applied Ethics     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Reproductive and Developmental Medicine     Open Access  
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.241, CiteScore: 1)
Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.557, CiteScore: 2)
Sahel Medical J.     Open Access  
Saint's Intl. Dental J.     Open Access  
Saudi Critical Care J.     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Saudi Endodontic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi J. for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Saudi J. of Forensic Medicine and Sciences     Open Access  
Saudi J. of Gastroenterology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
Saudi J. of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.284, CiteScore: 1)
Saudi J. of Laparoscopy     Open Access  
Saudi J. of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi J. of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Saudi J. of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Saudi Surgical J.     Open Access  
Scientific J. of Al-Azhar Medical Faculty, Girls     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.253
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1817-1745
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [426 journals]
  • Congenital atlantoaxial dislocation: Nature’s engineering gone wrong
           and surgeon’s attempt to rectify it

    • Authors: Pravin Salunke
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Pravin Salunke
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):1-7
      The C1-2 joint is unique and is responsible for more than 50% of the neck rotation. The joints have an ergonomic design that allows maximum motion without getting dislocated. It provides six degrees of freedom, the maximum being axial rotation, and is a marvel of nature’s engineering. The morphometry of lateral masses of C1 and C2 joints was analyzed to explain the possible movements despite minor variations. The normal morphometry was compared with the joints of individuals with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation. The structural flaws were assessed to understand the forces leading to dislocation in various planes. The surgical correction of such flaws and engineering involved has been discussed. The joints of patients with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation are deformed and the lateral masses are trapezoidal as compared to the cuboidal lateral masses of normal individuals. The orientation of joints decides the direction and rate of slip of C1 over C2. Surgical correction of the joints is possible by drilling them, aiding in reduction, and preventing redislocation. The construct needs to be as close to the C1-2 joints as possible. Studying the engineering in naturally occurring joints gives us a chance to understand the dynamics of the abnormal ones. Correcting the deformed joints to near-normal ones makes realignment possible in all planes and helps in understanding the best construct to fuse them. Mimicking the naturally occurring joints can help us in developing prosthesis for C1-2 arthroplasty.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):1-7
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_73_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Anal extrusion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt: A report of two cases and
           review of literature

    • Authors: Abul Hasan, Somnath Sharma, Sanjeev Chopra, Devendra Kumar Purohit
      Pages: 8 - 12
      Abstract: Abul Hasan, Somnath Sharma, Sanjeev Chopra, Devendra Kumar Purohit
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):8-12
      We report two cases of gastrointestinal perforation by ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and review the literature on the topic. The time interval between shunt surgery and detection of bowel perforation is minimum in infants and increases with age. Sigmoid and transverse colon followed by stomach are the most frequent sites of gastrointestinal perforations by VP shunts.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):8-12
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_97_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Actual insights into treatable inborn errors of metabolism causing
           epilepsy

    • Authors: Mario Mastrangelo
      Pages: 13 - 23
      Abstract: Mario Mastrangelo
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):13-23
      This review offers an update on a group of inborn errors of metabolism causing severe epilepsy with the onset in pediatric age (but also other neurological manifestations such as developmental delay or movement disorders) with available effective or potentially effective treatments. The main pathogenic and clinical features and general recommendations for the diagnostic and therapeutic workup of the following disorders are discussed: vitamin B6-dependent epilepsies, cerebral folate deficiency, congenital disorders of serine metabolism, biotinidase deficiency, inborn errors of creatine metabolism, molybdenum cofactor deficiency, and glucose transporter 1 deficiency. Available treatments are more effective on epileptic manifestations (with the possibility of complete seizure control) and motor symptoms, whereas the benefits on cognitive outcome are usually minor.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):13-23
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_160_16
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Spontaneous concurrent intraspinal and intracranial subdural hematoma:
           Management and review of literature

    • Authors: Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Faiz Ahmad
      Pages: 24 - 27
      Abstract: Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Faiz Ahmad
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):24-27
      Concurrent occurrence of subdural hematoma (SDH) in the cranial as well as spinal compartment of craniospinal axis is extremely uncommon. In a detailed PubMed/Medline search, we could find only four cases of spontaneous concurrent craniospinal SDH, and adding our one case to the preexisting literature and thus reviewing total five cases. Spontaneous concurrent intraspinal and intracranial subdural hematoma affected exclusively male in their fourth to fifth decades of life with a mean age of 37.4 years (range 14–59 years). Four cases were managed conservatively and one case needed evacuation of spinal SDH. All cases had good outcome. The authors report an interesting case of spontaneous occurrence of concurrent craniospinal SDH in a boy, who was managed successfully with symptomatic treatment along with blood and blood product transfusion without need of surgical intervention. To the best of authors’ knowledge, current case represents first of its kind occurring in pediatric age in the Western literature. Diagnosis and management along with the pertinent literature is reviewed briefly.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):24-27
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_121_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of Denver Neurodevelopmental Screening Test results of
           myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, and microcephaly patients

    • Authors: Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Gulseren Arslan, Serdar Cevik, Belgu Kacmaz, Nursu Kara, Huseyin Canaz
      Pages: 28 - 33
      Abstract: Ibrahim Alatas, Gokhan Canaz, Gulseren Arslan, Serdar Cevik, Belgu Kacmaz, Nursu Kara, Huseyin Canaz
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):28-33
      Context: Spina bifida, hydrocephalus, and similar congenital central nervous system (CNS) anomalies take origin from embryologic stages weeks before birth, but assessment and follow-up of these patients are important to figure and predict the effects of these anomalies on child’s neurodevelopment. Aims: To evaluate of multiple groups of congenital CNS anomalies in the neurodevelopment level. Settings and Design: The study was conducted at a research and treatment center for spina bifida patients. Materials and Methods: The study group included 348 patients with a mean age of 15.4 (±15.1) months, who had spina bifida aperta, hydrocephalus, and microcephaly. Patients with other known intracranial conditions were excluded. The subjects were evaluated into five groups: Group 1, 88 patients with congenital hydrocephalus; Group 2, 48 patients with congenital hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt; Group 3, 148 patients with microcephaly; Group 4, 30 patients who were operated for spina bifida aperta; and Group 5, 39 patients who were operated for spina bifida aperta and also had ventriculoperitoneal shunt implantation. Denver Developmental Screening Test II was used to assess patients’ neurodevelopment levels. Statistical Analysis Used: Pearson’s chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were used for data analysis. Group comparisons were also made in pairs with chi-square test according to Bonferroni corrections. Frequency of abnormal findings was significantly correlated with age (P = 0.014). Results: Total score differences of five groups appeared to be statistically significant according to Pearson’s chi-square test (P = 0.000). When we compared groups in pairs, abnormal results were significantly frequent in shunted groups (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Our results suggested that shunt-dependent hydrocephalus caused serious neurodevelopmental impairments in patients.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):28-33
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_156_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Neuro-ichthyotic syndromes: A case series

    • Authors: Faruk Incec&#305;k, Ozlem M Herguner, Mehmet N Ozbek, Serdal Gungor, Mustafa Y&#305;lmaz, Wiliam B Rizzo, G&#252;len G Mert
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Faruk Incecık, Ozlem M Herguner, Mehmet N Ozbek, Serdal Gungor, Mustafa Yılmaz, Wiliam B Rizzo, Gülen G Mert
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):34-38
      Background: The neuro-ichthyotic diseases are clinically and genetically heterogeneous. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and neuroradiological findings and to analyze mutation in 15 patients with neuro-ichthyotic diseases. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 15 patients with the diagnosis of neuro-ichthyotic diseases. Results: Eight female and seven male patients (age range 11 months–52 years) were investigated. There were eight patients with Sjögren–Larsson syndrome (SLS), five patients with multiple sulfatase deficiency (MSD), one patient with Chanarin–Dorfman’s syndrome, and one patient with mental retardation, enteropathy, deafness, neuropathy, ichthyosis, and keratodermia (MEDNIK) syndrome. Parental consanguinity was found in all the patients except one. All patients had ichthyosis. Diagnosis was performed with genetic study. Conclusions: Because biochemical and clinical findings are variable, the diagnosis is difficult in most of the cases. Detailed skin and physical examinations are mandatory in these patients. Genetic tests are necessary for accurate diagnosis.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):34-38
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_54_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cystic cervical dysraphism: Experience of 12 cases

    • Authors: Suyash Singh, Anant Mehrotra, Satyadeo Pandey, Shruti Gupta, Kamlesh S Bhaisora, Sanjog Gajbhiye, Jayesh C Sardhara, Kuntal Kanti Das, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Awadhesh K Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari, Raj Kumar
      Pages: 39 - 45
      Abstract: Suyash Singh, Anant Mehrotra, Satyadeo Pandey, Shruti Gupta, Kamlesh S Bhaisora, Sanjog Gajbhiye, Jayesh C Sardhara, Kuntal Kanti Das, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Awadhesh K Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari, Raj Kumar
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):39-45
      Introduction: Cystic spinal dysraphism of the cervical region is a relatively rare entity, which is more frequently associated with congenital anomalies such as split cord malformation, Chiari malformation, and corpus callosum agenesis, when compared to their lumbosacral counterpart. In our study, we have highlighted the clinical spectrum, associated anomalies (both neural and extra-neural), and surgical nuances of these. Materials and Methods: This study is a retrospective analysis of 225 patients from June 2010 to April 2017. Twelve patients who were between the age of 1 month and 16 years were included in our study. Average age was 32.6 months, and there were five female patients and seven male patients. All patients underwent neurological and radiological examinations followed by surgical excision of the sac and exploration of the intradural sac using the standard microsurgical technique. Neurological, Orthopedic and urological outcomes were studied in our description. Results: Of the 12 cases, 9 patients (75%) had some associated anomaly. Four of the 12 patients (25%) had split cord malformation, 3 had corpus callosum agenesis, and 5 had Chiari malformation. Patients with cervical spina bifida cystica (SBC) present with less neurologic deficits and greater association with CCA. Conclusion: The management strategy and association with other congenital anomalies separates cervical dysraphism as a different clinical entity rather than just group. These patients rather show favorable outcome with regard to neurologic, orthopedic, and urologic problems as compared to their caudal counterpart. Early surgical intervention even before the onset of symptoms is recommended. A proper radiological and urological evaluation is warranted.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):39-45
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_30_18
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Missing links between genetically inherited molecules in split cord
           malformation and other anomaly: A bench to bedside approach

    • Authors: Mayadhar Barik, Pravash R Mishra, Ashok Kumar Mohapatra
      Pages: 46 - 57
      Abstract: Mayadhar Barik, Pravash R Mishra, Ashok Kumar Mohapatra
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):46-57
      Aim: Split cord malformation (SCM) is associated with extensive vertebral fusions (Klippel–Feil anomaly). In light of previous embryological theories and recent research findings, we attempt to document the origin of split cord, and vertebral fusions involvement of spectrum of genes is necessary to know better the etiopathogenesis of SCM and its associated diseases. Materials and Methods: We used the various databases such as PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Review, Hinari, and Google Scholar for the recently published medical literature. The women had been living and still born infants had SCM. The relative risk (RR) and possible molecular mechanism are described details of major genes and its variants in details. Although molecular genetics involvement including with recent advances of study add an evidence of both Mendelian and Non-Mendelian fashion is discussed with all genetic components. We mentioned our earlier experience and responsibility of SCM and its associated diseases. Results: Although different mechanisms are suggested for the development of SCM observed in our experience, there is a midline lesion bisecting the neuroepithelium and the notochordal plate, which is responsible for complete splitting of the cervical cord with anterior bony defect. The localized disturbance of cervical neural tube closure accounts for SCM with partial dorsal splitting of the cord with posterior vertebral defect and associated diseases. Conclusions: According to the best of our knowledge, this report is the first one to be documented by wider spectrum of variants from (experimental studies to human subject). This add a complex interaction of mutant variants drive toward an additional second-hit alterations for the SCM. The up-to-date information, documented in proper order, derived the bench-to-bedside approach to overcome this burden of SCM, which is globally noticed with other additional diseases.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):46-57
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_124_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Is it difficult to dominate the coronal and sagittal planes in convex rod
           rotation technique? The effect of the Ucar convex rod rotation technique

    • Authors: G&#252;rkan G&#252;m&#252;&#351;suyu, Mehmet A &#199;a&#231;an, Y&#305;lmaz Mertsoy, Amjad Alrashdan, Bekir Y U&#231;ar
      Pages: 58 - 61
      Abstract: Gürkan Gümüşsuyu, Mehmet A Çaçan, Yılmaz Mertsoy, Amjad Alrashdan, Bekir Y Uçar
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):58-61
      Study Design: Prospective multicenter study. Objective: To analyze the effect of the Ucar convex rod rotation technique on coronal and sagittal correction in the treatment of Lenke type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Summary of Background Data: Various common curve correction techniques were used in scoliosis. This report describes the efficacy of the global vertebral correction technique with convex rod rotation. Materials and Methods: A total of 28 consecutive patients with Lenke type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis managed with Ucar convex rod rotation technique between October 2012 and September 2015 were included. The average patient age was 14.8 years at the time of surgery. Measurements of curve magnitude and balance were made on standing anteroposterior, and lateral radiographs were taken before surgery, postoperatively, and at the last follow-up to assess deformity correction, spinal balance, and complications related to instrumentation. Results: The average preoperative main thoracic angle was 64.8° and was decreased to 15.5° postoperatively. The average preoperative T4–T12 thoracic kyphosis was 19.6° and was improved to 24.8°. All patients had mildly imbalanced or balanced shoulders at the final follow-up. Conclusion: Correction rates in the coronal and sagittal planes were as acceptable as those achieved with conventional methods.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):58-61
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_149_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Phenylketonuria: Our experience in nine years at a tertiary-level referral
           institute

    • Authors: Sadanandvalli R Chandra, Rita Christopher, Mane M Daryappa, Rashmi Devaraj
      Pages: 62 - 70
      Abstract: Sadanandvalli R Chandra, Rita Christopher, Mane M Daryappa, Rashmi Devaraj
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):62-70
      Introduction: Phenyl ketonuria is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism resulting in excessive phenyl alanine levels in blood resulting in a spectrum of neurological defects. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively went through the records of patients diagnosed as Phenyl ketonuria in the last nine years in our team and patients who’s data could be accessed were analyzed in detail. Details of laboratory tests, imaging clinical features, course were recorded. Observation: A total of 32 patients were identified in nine years of which data was available only for 15 patients. Age at diagnosis varied from 2.5 years to 7 years. 73% were males. Global developmental delay, Microcephaly. Seizures blond hair, spasticity, regression, Ocular Hypertelorism, low set ears, Seborrhea, Hypotonia, Family history of mental retardation and Consanguinity was common one patient showed a large hypo pigmented area in left arm with eczematous rash. Results of Lab Tests: Urine ferric chloride test and DNPH was positive in all cases. Tandem mass spectroscopy showed elevated phenyl alanine, normal tyrosine and elevated PHE tyrosine ratio in all cases. MRI showed symmetrical Flair hyperintensities in T2 weighted images in the parieto occipital region hypo on T1 with no diffusion restriction in 11 cases and MRS was normal. Genetic testing showed one non consanguineous family having carrier state. Follow up is from 1 year to 5 years. Seizures controlled in all. Regular fallow up shows change in hair color and gain of mile stones. There was no mortality. Conclusion: Phenyl ketonuria is a controllable metabolic disease. However there is considerable delay before diagnosis resulting in persistence of sequelae in children with PKU as well as normal children born to PKU mothers which needs attention to prevent these complications.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):62-70
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_177_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis&#8212;masquerading as
           pediatric stroke: Case report

    • Authors: Varsha H Chauhan, Richa Chaudhary, Payal Meshram
      Pages: 71 - 73
      Abstract: Varsha H Chauhan, Richa Chaudhary, Payal Meshram
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):71-73
      Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute monophasic syndrome caused by immune-mediated inflammatory demyelination, often associated with immunization or viral illness. ADEM is associated with multiple neurological symptoms. We are presenting a case of ADEM with stroke, which responded very well to high-dose steroids. Here we report a case of ADEM, masquerading as pediatric stroke.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):71-73
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_104_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Extensive cranial nerves involvement in neurofibromatosis: A rare
           presentation

    • Authors: Ashutosh Gupta, Charu Gupta, Monika Sachan, Sandeep Singh
      Pages: 74 - 77
      Abstract: Ashutosh Gupta, Charu Gupta, Monika Sachan, Sandeep Singh
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):74-77
      Neurofibromatosis type 2 is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by the development of multiple nervous system tumors. This disorder is also called multiple inherited schwannomas, meningiomas, and ependymomas syndrome. In this report, we discuss the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a 17-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 2, who had extensive cranial nerves involvement (3rd–12th cranial nerves) along with spinal involvement. It is very rare to find tumors affect nearly all cranial nerves (namely 3rd–12th nerves), and their association with meningiomas and intramedullary spinal cord tumors in the same patient.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):74-77
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_32_18
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Endovascular retrieval of detached ventriculoatrial shunt into pulmonary
           artery in pediatric patient: Case report

    • Authors: Mohammed Aloddadi, Safar Alshahrani, Ibrahim Alnaami
      Pages: 78 - 80
      Abstract: Mohammed Aloddadi, Safar Alshahrani, Ibrahim Alnaami
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):78-80
      The management of hydrocephalus represents a neurosurgical challenge. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are usually the treatment of choice for hydrocephalus. However, when VP shunt is not an option, ventriculoatrial (VA) shunt becomes a second choice. VA shunts have special complications such as postoperative neck hematomas, shunt nephritis, and migration of the distal segment. There are two main techniques for the retrieval of migrated VA shunt: either by retrieval of the broken segment by thoracotomy, which is highly invasive, or by transvenous approach. A 9-year-old boy presented with severe cerebral palsy, who was VP shunt dependent since birth. The patient developed generalized cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ascites with peritonitis. The shunt was externalized and infection was treated with intravenous antibiotics. Two weeks later, and due to previous multiple abdominal procedures, it was decided to go for VA shunt and the procedure went well without complications. One month later, the patient presented to emergency department with neck swelling; shunt x-ray showed shunt breakage at clavicular level and the tip of the shunt was dislodged into the pulmonary artery. Under general anesthesia and after getting informed consent, through femoral vein, VA shunt was retrieved successfully without complications and new VP shunt was inserted. Migration of the distal segment of a broken atrial catheter is rare, but has a significant complication and is major cause of mortality. Endovascular retrieval of migrated shunts is less invasive, is feasible, and prevents further complications. There has been similar case in the adult English literature; however, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the English literature of a successful endovascular retrieval of migrated dislodged VA shunt in pediatrics.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):78-80
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_143_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Basal ganglia infarct following trivial trauma in a child: Case report and
           review of literature

    • Authors: Satyashiva Munjal, Amit Srivastava, Kavita Kapoor, Veer Singh Mehta
      Pages: 81 - 83
      Abstract: Satyashiva Munjal, Amit Srivastava, Kavita Kapoor, Veer Singh Mehta
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):81-83
      A 2-year-old boy was presented to us with right-side hemiparesis after trivial fall. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed an infarct in left basal ganglia and thalamic region. Secondary causes of stroke were ruled out. The child was managed conservatively. Basal ganglia infarct secondary to minor trauma is a rare event. Possible mechanisms leading to such an event and its management are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):81-83
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_157_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Acute myeloid leukemia presenting as a central nervous system mass in a
           child: A case report

    • Authors: Jagdish P Meena, Menka Yadav, Aditya K Gupta, Prashant Ramteke, Priyanka Naranje, Rachna Seth
      Pages: 84 - 87
      Abstract: Jagdish P Meena, Menka Yadav, Aditya K Gupta, Prashant Ramteke, Priyanka Naranje, Rachna Seth
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):84-87
      Extramedullary leukemia is common in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and occurs as a solid tumor (myeloid sarcoma). We report a case of a child who presented with acute onset of paraparesis and found to have intracranial and paravertebral mass; subsequently, he was diagnosed as having AML on tissue biopsy. He was started on AML treatment protocol, and later he was in remission and myeloid sarcoma got cleared from intracranial and paravertebral region. Timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment are essential to improve survival in such cases.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):84-87
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_152_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Aicardi&#8211;Gouti&#232;res syndrome: Brief case report

    • Authors: Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda, Ray Vicente Deluquez Baute, Amit Agrawal, Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Johana Maraby-Salgado, Huber Said Padilla-Zambrano, Daniela Lopez-Cepeda, Alfonso Pacheco-Hernandez, Andrei F Joaquim
      Pages: 88 - 90
      Abstract: Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda, Ray Vicente Deluquez Baute, Amit Agrawal, Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Johana Maraby-Salgado, Huber Said Padilla-Zambrano, Daniela Lopez-Cepeda, Alfonso Pacheco-Hernandez, Andrei F Joaquim
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):88-90
      The case of a term newborn diagnosed with Aicardi–Goutières syndrome, a rare encephalopathy in our environment, with Mendelian inheritance pattern, characterized by a set of nonspecific neurological symptoms associated with typical findings of intracerebral calcifications. The case is presented with diagnostic imaging, in addition to elevated levels of interferon alpha and cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):88-90
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_67_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Intracranial hydatid cyst: A report of three cases in North-West India

    • Authors: Sachidanand Gautam, Anubhav Sharma
      Pages: 91 - 95
      Abstract: Sachidanand Gautam, Anubhav Sharma
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):91-95
      Human echinococcus is caused by tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus, which forms larval cysts in the human tissue. Incidence in the cerebral form is only 1–2%. This localization can be associated with the involvement of other organs such as liver or lung or may be an isolated infestation of the brain or spinal column. Surgical removal of the intact and unruptured cyst is advised to prevent local recurrence that may require further surgery and long-term treatment with parasiticidal agents. We report three cases who presented with headache, vomiting, hemiparesis with decreased visual acuity, and convulsions. MRI showed a giant hydatid cyst in all three cases which was removed surgically and the patient was successfully discharged. Successful treatment of hydatid cyst requires preoperative diagnosis and meticulous surgical technique for complete excision of cyst without rupture under perioperative coverage of albendazole to avoid recurrence and anaphylaxis.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):91-95
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_141_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A rare case of pediatric intraparenchymal epidermoid cyst: Case report and
           review of literature

    • Authors: Satish Kannan, A Sendil Kumar, S Syamala
      Pages: 96 - 99
      Abstract: Satish Kannan, A Sendil Kumar, S Syamala
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):96-99
      Epidermoid cysts are slow-growing benign tumors that represent less than 1–2% of all intracranial tumors. They are even rarer in supratentorial intraparenchymal location accounting for 2% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts. We present a rare case of pediatric supratentorial intraparenchymal epidermoid cyst with its variable radiographic features, surgical management, histopathology, and a review of the literature.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):96-99
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_30_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Neuropsychological difficulties associated with dopa responsive dystonia

    • Authors: Dhinesh Baskaran, Arif Khan, Nahin Hussain
      Pages: 100 - 102
      Abstract: Dhinesh Baskaran, Arif Khan, Nahin Hussain
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):100-102
      A young girl with l-dopa responsive dystonia showed significant improvements in motor function but had ongoing complaints of neuropsychological difficulties. A neuropsychological evaluation was undertaken to understand the nature of her difficulties. Intellectual function, attention, executive function, and academic attainment were assessed using published psychometric tests. Verbal and non-verbal reasoning was found to be age appropriate. Particular difficulties were identified with working memory, visual selective attention, dual attention, and processing speed which were having a significant impact upon the child and her family. The importance of a thorough neuropsychological evaluation is discussed in helping to appropriately manage and support the child with this chronic but rare health condition.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):100-102
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_142_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Imaging findings in maple syrup urine disease: A case report

    • Authors: Anjaneya S Kathait, Paulo Puac, Mauricio Castillo
      Pages: 103 - 105
      Abstract: Anjaneya S Kathait, Paulo Puac, Mauricio Castillo
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):103-105
      Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal-recessive disorder that affects branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. It is characterized by accumulation of BCAAs and corresponding branched-chain keto acids of leucine, isoleucine, and valine in plasma, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Leucine is toxic to brain cells, leading to cytotoxic edema affecting the myelinated white matter, and involving the corticospinal tracts, thalami, globus palladi, midbrain, dorsal brain stem, and cerebellum. We present a neonate with the classic subtype of MSUD and its imaging features on magnetic resonance imaging.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):103-105
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_38_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Hemimegalencephaly: Seizure outcome in an infant after hemispherectomy

    • Authors: Prem Chand, Pooja Manglani, Qalab Abbas
      Pages: 106 - 108
      Abstract: Prem Chand, Pooja Manglani, Qalab Abbas
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):106-108
      Isolated hemimegalencephaly (iHME) is a rare form of congenital malformation of cortical development characterized by enlargement of all or part of one cerebral hemisphere. It typically presents with intractable seizures, developmental delay, contralateral hemiparesis, and hemianopia. We report a case of an 18-month-old girl who presented first with focal seizures at tenth day of life, with no other physical or behavioral abnormality. Initial EEG showed excessive sharp EEG transients more over the right hemisphere; repeated EEG showed spikes, polyspikes, sharps, and slow wave discharges predominately over the right hemisphere. MRI of the brain showed asymmetric enlargement of the right cerebral hemisphere, suggestive of hemimegalencephaly. Initial treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) was successful in controlling her seizures, but later on the seizures became intractable even on polytherapy of AEDs; finally, functional hemispherectomy was performed and she became seizure free. Identification of this and similar cases of iHME can help us to better understand this disorder and eventually to provide better treatment options for it.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):106-108
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_56_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Association between posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and
           mycoplasma pneumoniae infection

    • Authors: Archana Ramgopal, Aravind Thavamani, Abdulla Ghori
      Pages: 109 - 111
      Abstract: Archana Ramgopal, Aravind Thavamani, Abdulla Ghori
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):109-111
      Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a microbe known to affect numerous organ systems, and in particular, can cause neurological manifestations. We describe an otherwise healthy child who presented with acute onset intractable headache with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), a neurological manifestation that presents with headache, vision changes, altered mental status, or seizures. Our patient did not have any of the common etiologies for PRES reported but tested positive for acute M. pneumonia infection. The clinical course followed that expected in PRES with rapid resolution of symptoms and MRI findings in subsequent imaging. Literature review shows association between Mycoplasma infection with encephalitis and cerebellitis, but none with PRES in children. Evidence of recent mycoplasma infection in a healthy patient presenting with clinical/radiological findings consistent with PRES, especially in the absence of known predisposing factors, raises the question of M. pneumoniae infection being a trigger for PRES.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):109-111
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_145_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Posterior quadrantic dysplasia: MRI diagnosis of a lesser known cause of
           pediatric intractable epilepsy

    • Authors: Anjuna Reghunath, Rohini Gupta Ghasi, Abhimanyu Bhargava, Narinder Kumar Bhambri
      Pages: 112 - 115
      Abstract: Anjuna Reghunath, Rohini Gupta Ghasi, Abhimanyu Bhargava, Narinder Kumar Bhambri
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):112-115
      Posterior quadrantic dysplasia (PQD) is a rare cause of pediatric intractable epilepsy. It is a sporadic cortical development malformation that involves the posterior three lobes of a single hemisphere and spares the frontal cortex. Very few cases have been reported in the literature, mostly as anecdotal reports or as a part of large series of refractory epilepsy. It is essential to know about this lesser known entity and differentiate it from other more common similar anomalies such as multilobar cortical dysplasia and hemimegalencephaly as new motor-sparing neurosurgical disconnective procedures have led to dramatically reduced mortality and morbidity rates, apart from gifting the affected children a better quality of life. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is pivotal in astute diagnosis of the condition and accurate delineation of boundaries of the lesion to aid in neurosurgical management. We report one such case of PQD presenting with refractory epilepsy, which was diagnosed on MRI.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):112-115
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_88_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Levetiracetam adverse drug reaction: Pancytopenia

    • Authors: Jayendra R Gohil, Tushar S Agarwal
      Pages: 116 - 117
      Abstract: Jayendra R Gohil, Tushar S Agarwal
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):116-117
      Pancytopenia secondary to levetiracetam administration is infrequent but possible. Here, we report a case of pancytopenia associated with levetiracetam in a 4-month-old infant. However, increased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) has been reported frequently. It appears that URTI is a heralding side effect of pancytopenia and tip of the iceberg.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):116-117
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_139_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Classical imaging in callosal agenesis

    • Authors: Dhruv K Agarwal, Sachinkumar M Patel, Prasad Krishnan
      Pages: 118 - 119
      Abstract: Dhruv K Agarwal, Sachinkumar M Patel, Prasad Krishnan
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):118-119
      Corpus callosal agenesis results in certain characteristic radiological appearances on magnetic resonance imaging. These classical named signs are revisited in this article.
      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):118-119
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_150_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Intracranial calcification in Down syndrome

    • Authors: Kriti S Sadana, Jatinder S Goraya
      Pages: 120 - 121
      Abstract: Kriti S Sadana, Jatinder S Goraya
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):120-121

      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):120-121
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_114_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pediatric N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor autoimmune encephalitis

    • Authors: NA Uvais
      Pages: 122 - 123
      Abstract: NA Uvais
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):122-123

      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):122-123
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_153_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Progressive myoclonic epilepsy due to lafora body disease with a novel
           mutation

    • Authors: Anil V Israni, Anirban Mandal
      Pages: 123 - 125
      Abstract: Anil V Israni, Anirban Mandal
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):123-125

      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):123-125
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_13_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pediatric cerebello-pontine angle medulloblastoma: A management review

    • Authors: Guru Dutta Satyarthee, A K Mahapatra
      Pages: 125 - 128
      Abstract: Guru Dutta Satyarthee, A K Mahapatra
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):125-128

      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):125-128
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_90_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Discontiguous epidural lesions in a much transfused patient

    • Authors: Dhruv K Agarwal, Sugat Sanyal, Eswararao Thamatapu, Prasad Krishnan
      Pages: 128 - 129
      Abstract: Dhruv K Agarwal, Sugat Sanyal, Eswararao Thamatapu, Prasad Krishnan
      Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):128-129

      Citation: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(1):128-129
      PubDate: Wed,16 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_161_17
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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