Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 425 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 425 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Acute Disease     Open Access   (SJR: 0.163, CiteScore: 1)

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Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Urology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.434
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0970-1591
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [425 journals]
  • Robot-assisted surgery in India: A SWOT analysis

    • Authors: Girdhar Singh Bora, Tushar Aditya Narain, Aditya Prakash Sharma, Ravimohan Suryanarayan Mavuduru, Sudheer K Devana, Shrawan K Singh, Arup Kumar Mandal
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Girdhar Singh Bora, Tushar Aditya Narain, Aditya Prakash Sharma, Ravimohan Suryanarayan Mavuduru, Sudheer K Devana, Shrawan K Singh, Arup Kumar Mandal
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):1-3

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):1-3
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_220_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • What's inside

    • Authors: Rajeev Kumar
      Pages: 4 - 5
      Abstract: Rajeev Kumar
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):4-5

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):4-5
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_357_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Round up

    • Authors: Anil Mandhani
      Pages: 6 - 7
      Abstract: Anil Mandhani
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):6-7

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):6-7
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_361_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Management of clinically node-negative groin in patients with penile
           cancer

    • Authors: Devayani Niyogi, Jarin Noronha, Mahendra Pal, Ganesh Bakshi, Gagan Prakash
      Pages: 8 - 15
      Abstract: Devayani Niyogi, Jarin Noronha, Mahendra Pal, Ganesh Bakshi, Gagan Prakash
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):8-15
      Malignant penile neoplasms are commonly squamous etiology, with the inguinal nodes being the first echelon of spread. The disease spreads to the pelvic lymph nodes only after metastases to the groin nodes, and this is the most important prognostic factor in penile carcinoma. While treatment of penile carcinoma with proven metastases to the inguinal lymph nodes mandates ilioinguinal lymph node dissection, the treatment of patients with impalpable nodes is more controversial. Overtreatment leads to excessive treatment-related morbidity in these patients, while a wait-and-see policy runs the risk of patients presenting with inguinal and distant metastases, which would have been curable at presentation. Unfortunately, no single imaging modality has been proved to be convincingly superior in the staging, and hence, management of the clinically negative groin has been subject to debate. While some high volume centers have promoted the use of dynamic sentinel lymph node biopsy, others advocate the use of the modified inguinal lymph node template to stage the groin adequately. Newer techniques such as video endoscopic inguinal lymph node dissection have been introduced as an alternative to the original radical inguinal lymphadenectomy to reduce morbidity.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):8-15
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_221_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Robotic partial nephrectomy: The current status

    • Authors: Zeynep G Gul, Andrew Tam, Ketan K Badani
      Pages: 16 - 20
      Abstract: Zeynep G Gul, Andrew Tam, Ketan K Badani
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):16-20
      Introduction: Since its introduction, robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) has become increasingly popular, in part as a result of several advances in technique. The purpose of this paper is to review these techniques as well as the perioperative, functional, and oncologic outcomes after RPN and compare these outcomes to those after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN).Methods: A literature review was performed to identify papers and meta-analyses that compared outcomes after RPN to OPN or LPN. All meta-analyses were included in this review.Results: Technical advances that have contributed to improved outcomes after RPN include the first-assistant sparing technique, the sliding clip technique, early unclamping, and selective arterial clamping. All five meta-analyses that compared LPN to RPN found that RPN was associated with a shorter warm ischemia time (WIT), but that there were no differences in estimated blood loss (EBL) or operative times. Those meta-analyses that compared intraoperative and postoperative complications, conversion to open or radical nephrectomy, length of stay (LOS), and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) either found no difference or favored RPN. Four meta-analyses compared RPN to OPN. All four found that EBL, LOS, and postoperative complications favor RPN. There were no significant differences in intraoperative complications, conversion to radical nephrectomy, or positive surgical margin rates. One meta-analysis found that eGFR was better after RPN. Operative time and WIT generally favored OPN.Conclusions: Several techniques have been described to improve outcomes after RPN. We believe that the literature shows that RPN is as good if not better than both LPN and OPN and has become the preferred surgical approach.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):16-20
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_174_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Open surgery for pheochromocytoma: Current indications and outcomes from a
           retrospective cohort

    • Authors: Pradeep Prakash, Rashmi Ramachandran, Nikhil Tandon, Rajeev Kumar
      Pages: 21 - 25
      Abstract: Pradeep Prakash, Rashmi Ramachandran, Nikhil Tandon, Rajeev Kumar
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):21-25
      Introduction: Minimally invasive approaches are the current standard of care for pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PC/PG) surgery. However, a number of patients still undergo open surgery for these tumors. We evaluated the current indications and outcomes of open surgery for PC/PG to define the role of this approach.Methods: Data of patients undergoing PC/PG surgery between July 2008 and July 2017 were retrieved from our prospectively maintained electronic database and hospital records. Tumor characteristics, operative and recovery parameters, and complications were evaluated for indications of open procedure and outcomes.Results: During the study period, 106 patients underwent 124 procedures for PC/PG, including 18 simultaneous bilateral procedures. Surgeries included 102 adrenalectomies, 18 PG excisions, one partial adrenalectomy, and three partial cystectomies. Twenty-five (23.6%) patients (mean age 38.2 ± 16.1 years) underwent an open procedure, including four bilateral procedures. This included 16 adrenalectomies and 9 PG excisions. The indications for open surgery were unilateral large tumours (5; size 8–16, mean 11 cm), bilateral large tumours (2; size 6–10, mean 8.2 cm), retrocaval tumour extension (4), inter aortocaval PGs (8), Retro-mesenteric PG (1), concomitant procedures (3), and conversion from laparoscopy (2). Mean operative time was 217 ± 63.8 min, blood loss was 868 ± 734.2 ml, 11 patients required blood transfusion, and hospital stay was 6.44 ± 2.4 days. All these parameters were higher than for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in this cohort. Three patients (12%) suffered a postoperative complication, and the rate of complications was not higher than MIS cohort (16%).Conclusions: Open surgery was most often indicated for large tumors or those located in the inter-aortocaval region. Most such procedures require large incisions and possible hepatic mobilization on the right side. The procedures can be safely completed with few complications.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):21-25
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_186_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Holmium: Yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser for endoscopic decompression of
           

    • Authors: Dacia Di Renzo, Giada Pizzuti, Giuseppe Lauriti, Valentina Cascini, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa
      Pages: 26 - 31
      Abstract: Dacia Di Renzo, Giada Pizzuti, Giuseppe Lauriti, Valentina Cascini, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):26-31
      Introduction: Few case series report the use of holmium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser to decompress ureterocele (UC) in pediatric population, and only two studies compared its outcomes with electrosurgery. This study aims to compare outcomes of Ho:YAG laser transurethral endoscopic puncture (TUP) versus electrosurgery TUP of UC in the 1st month of life, analyzing incidence of secondary surgery, redo TUP, and iatrogenic vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of patients treated by TUP of UC from 2008 to 2017 was performed. Those undergoing Ho:YAG laser TUP were included in Group A, those undergoing electrocautery TUP were included in Group B. Data were compared using Fisher's exact test.Results: Group A included seven patients (mean follow-up 4 years). Two required a redo TUP. Two had preoperative VUR, which resolved after TUP. Two developed VUR after TUP, which resolved spontaneously. No secondary surgery was required. Group B included nine patients (mean follow-up: 9.5 years). One required a redo TUP. Preoperative VUR was detected in 4/9 and persisted after TUP in 2. Three developed post-TUP VUR, which persisted. Five required further surgery because of persistent and symptomatic VUR. Secondary surgery was significantly lower after Ho:YAG laser compared to electrocautery TUP (P < 0.05). The incidences of both redo TUP and postoperative VUR were not significantly different between the two groups (P = ns).Conclusion: Ho:YAG laser TUP seems to be safe and effective in the decompression of obstructive UCs and maybe advantageous over electrocautery puncture. However, further studies with larger cohort are needed to corroborate our preliminary results.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):26-31
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_216_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Immunocytochemical detection of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 as a
           potential urinary-based marker of bladder cancer: A prospective
           observational study

    • Authors: Kunal Kapoor, Chhanda Datta, Dilip Kumar Pal
      Pages: 32 - 36
      Abstract: Kunal Kapoor, Chhanda Datta, Dilip Kumar Pal
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):32-36
      Introduction: Numerous biomarkers have been investigated for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with bladder cancer, but none has achieved desirable acceptability. In the search of biomarkers, minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2), a cell cycle regulatory protein, was investigated and the preliminary results were promising. Hence, we conducted a study to investigate the role of immunocytochemical (ICC) detection of MCM2 in voided urinary samples of patients with bladder cancer in an Indian population.Materials and Methods: A prospective comparative observational study was performed. One hundred and fifty patients with a mass lesion in the bladder and 100 controls were enrolled in this prospective study from June 2017 to–December 2018. Fifty-milliliter of voided urine sample was collected and processed for ICC staining of MCM2.Results: Fifty, 100, and 200 positive MCM2 cells as a cutoff value has shown a sensitivity of 87.33% (80.93%–92.20%), 84.67% (77.89%–90.02%), and 80.67% (73.43%–86.65%), respectively. The specificity of 50, 100, and 200 positive MCM2 cells was 97% (91.48%–99.38%), 99% (94.55%–99.97%), and 100% (96.38%–100.0%), respectively.Conclusion: ICC detection of MCM2 in voided urinary samples has good sensitivity and specificity for the detection of bladder cancer. Hence, it can be used as a potential marker for the detection of bladder cancer.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):32-36
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_128_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Implementation of ERAS protocol in robot-assisted radical cystectomy with
           intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion: An outcome analysis beyond
           the learning curve

    • Authors: Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Puneet Ahluwalia, Saurabh Ramesh Patil, Sujata Nambiath, Gagan Gautam
      Pages: 37 - 43
      Abstract: Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Puneet Ahluwalia, Saurabh Ramesh Patil, Sujata Nambiath, Gagan Gautam
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):37-43
      Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal ileal conduit (IIC) urinary diversion treated in line with the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol.Methods: After approval from the institutional ethics committee, we conducted an analysis of a prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing RARC + IIC using ERAS protocol by a single surgical team with the da Vinci Xi® system from March 2016 till December 2018. To minimize the effect of the learning curve of this complex procedure, we excluded the first thirty patients from analysis.Results: Thirty-five consecutive patients (33 males and 2 females) with a median age of 69 years (range: 50–82) were evaluated. The median total console time and console time for diversion were 253 min (range: 191–370) and 80 min (range: 65–90), respectively. The median estimated blood loss was 300 cc (range: 50–500). The median length of stay was 8 days (range: 4–30). Per-urethral pelvic drain was removed at a median of 2 days (range: 1–17). Overall, complications occurred in 16/35 (45.7%) patients, of which major complications (≥Grade 3) were seen in 5/35 (14.3%) patients, without any 90-day mortality. The median follow-up for the cohort was 14 months (1–34).Conclusions: While the initial outcomes of this combined treatment strategy appear promising in terms of complication rates and perioperative parameters, greater insight is required from multi-institutional data sets and prospective comparative studies to establish the true value of RARC + IIC and ERAS protocol for bladder cancer.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):37-43
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_207_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Prophylaxis against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in canine model:
           Stem cell approach

    • Authors: Yasser Osman, Sahar M Hamed, Nashwa M Barakat, Sherry Khater, Mahmoud Gabr, Ahmed Mosbah, Mohamed A Gaballah, Atallah Shaaban
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Yasser Osman, Sahar M Hamed, Nashwa M Barakat, Sherry Khater, Mahmoud Gabr, Ahmed Mosbah, Mohamed A Gaballah, Atallah Shaaban
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):44-49
      Introduction: Stem cell therapy at the time of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has been hypothesized to attenuate the severity of acute kidney injury and to accelerate the regeneration process in lower animal models. Data in higher animal models is limited and discordant. We aimed to explore the reno-protective effects of stem cells on I/R related renal injury in a canine model.Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven dogs that were treated with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) were compared with another 27 dogs treated with adipose tissue-derived MSCs (AT-MSCs) following 90 min of warm ischemia to assess IR injury. Each group was divided into three subgroups (nine dogs each), according to the stem cell dose (5, 10, 15 × 106 in 500 μl volume) injected directly into the renal cortex after reperfusion. All dogs were re-evaluated by renogram, histopathology, and pro-inflammatory markers at 2 weeks, 2, and 3 months.Results: In Group I, there was a mean reduction of creatinine clearance by 78%, 64%, and 74% at the three used doses, respectively, at 2 weeks. At 3 months, these kidneys regained a mean of 84%, 92%, and 72%, respectively, of its basal function. In Group II, the reduction of clearance was much more modest with mean of 14%, 6%, and 24% respectively at 2 weeks with more intense recovery of renal function by mean of 90%, 100%, and 76%, respectively, at 3 months. Group I had significantly more tubular necrosis and delayed regeneration compared with the Group II. Expressions of pro-inflammatory markers were upregulated in both the groups with a higher and more sustained expression in Group I.Conclusion: Stem cells protected against ischemic reperfusion injury in a canine model. AT-MSCs provided better protection than BM-MSCs.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):44-49
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_114_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Urinary prostate-specific antigen and microseminoprotein-beta levels in
           men with and without prostate cancer: A prospective cohort study

    • Authors: Prashant Shrivastava, Harshit Garg, Madhusudan Bhat, Amit Dinda, Rajeev Kumar
      Pages: 50 - 55
      Abstract: Prashant Shrivastava, Harshit Garg, Madhusudan Bhat, Amit Dinda, Rajeev Kumar
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):50-55
      Introduction: The role of urinary proteomics in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is undefined. Levels of urinary biomarkers such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and microseminoprotein-beta (MSMB) may differ between men with and without PCa. We tested this hypothesis using urine samples before and after digital rectal examination (DRE) in men with an indication for prostate biopsy.Materials and Methods: In an institutional ethics committee approved prospective cohort study, men with elevated PSA or a nodule on DRE underwent a pre- and post-DRE urine sample examination for urinary PSA and MSMB levels. Levels were compared between men who had PCa diagnosed on biopsy (Group A) and those with a negative biopsy (Group B).Results: Seventy-seven patients were recruited of whom 32 had PCa (Group A) and 45 had no cancer (Group B) on biopsy. The median (interquartile range) serum PSA was 49.6 (0.2–254) ng/ml. The median urine PSA (29.5 vs. 26.4 mg/dl) and MSMB (1.7 vs. 2.4 mg/dl) were similar in both groups at baseline. However, post-DRE, both these metabolites rose in Group B but not in Group A, resulting in significantly higher post-to-pre values in Group B versus Group A. The post-DRE urine PSA/MSMB ratio was also significantly different between the groups.Conclusions: Urinary PSA and MSMB rose significantly after DRE only in men without PCa. Post-DRE urine PSA, MSMB, and PSA/MSMB ratio can differentiate PCa from benign pathology in men with an indication for prostate biopsy.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):50-55
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_202_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • External iliac artery pseudoaneurysm following radical cystectomy: A
           report of two cases

    • Authors: Abhishek Laddha, Ginil Kumar Pooleri, Appu Thomas
      Pages: 56 - 58
      Abstract: Abhishek Laddha, Ginil Kumar Pooleri, Appu Thomas
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):56-58
      External iliac artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication following radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. We report two cases that developed external iliac artery pseudoaneurysm following radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection with an ileal conduit. Survival in these patients is dependent on early diagnosis and prompt intervention. Mortality in such cases remains high even with aggressive management.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):56-58
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_240_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Successful angioembolization for blunt adrenal gland trauma

    • Authors: Madhusudhanan Jegadeesan, A John Robert, Thodana Vadivelu Sekar
      Pages: 59 - 61
      Abstract: Madhusudhanan Jegadeesan, A John Robert, Thodana Vadivelu Sekar
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):59-61
      Blunt adrenal gland trauma is an uncommon injury owing to the location of the adrenal gland in the retroperitoneum surrounded by major viscera and bony structures. We present a case of a 23-year-old male, who had sustained multiple injuries following a road traffic accident. Computed tomography scan revealed a large retroperitoneal hematoma, and active contrast extravasation was noted in the retroperitoneum adjacent to the bare area of the liver and right adrenal gland. After a trial of initial conservative management, he had expanding retroperitoneal hematoma with dropping hemoglobin. Angiography showed posttraumatic aneurysm from the adrenal artery that was successfully embolized with microcoils. As blunt adrenal gland trauma is rare, a high degree of clinical suspicion is required for the diagnosis, and multidisciplinary discussion is essential for the successful management of adrenal gland trauma.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):59-61
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_166_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • A novel approach to postrobot-assisted nephron-sparing surgery persistent
           urinary leak – Can we glue?

    • Authors: Ujjwal Gorsi, Santosh Kumar, Shantanu Tyagi, Anuj Sharma
      Pages: 62 - 64
      Abstract: Ujjwal Gorsi, Santosh Kumar, Shantanu Tyagi, Anuj Sharma
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):62-64
      Urinary leak is a well known complication after partial nephrectomy. We describe a case of a persistent urinary leak after Robot assisted nephron sparing surgery that failed to resolve after conservative treatments and was subsequently managed with computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous cynoacrylate glue injection.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):62-64
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_209_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Arteriovenous malformation with a renal mass: A rare association

    • Authors: Aditya Prakash Sharma, Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Gopal Sharma, Ravimohan S Mavuduru
      Pages: 65 - 66
      Abstract: Aditya Prakash Sharma, Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Gopal Sharma, Ravimohan S Mavuduru
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):65-66
      Renal arteriovenous malformation can be rarely associated with a renal mass. A vigilant approach and careful planning is required to tackle both the pathologies in form of preoperative coil embolization followed by a minimally invasive radical nephrectomy.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):65-66
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_212_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Gas-containing renal stones

    • Authors: John Peter, Suresh Bhat, Fredrick Paul
      Pages: 67 - 68
      Abstract: John Peter, Suresh Bhat, Fredrick Paul
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):67-68
      Gas-containing renal stones is a rarely described complication of emphysematous pyelonephritis. Most of these patients are diabetic and almost all have urinary obstruction and stasis. Management of these patients may be associated with several complications.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):67-68
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_271_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The role of 225Ac-PSMA-617 in chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced
           prostate cancer: Is it the new beginning

    • Authors: Sumit Agrawal
      Pages: 69 - 70
      Abstract: Sumit Agrawal
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):69-70

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):69-70
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_266_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • LATITUDE: A landmark trial for high-risk metastatic castration-sensitive
           prostate cancer: Final overall survival analysis

    • Authors: Gautam Kumar
      Pages: 71 - 72
      Abstract: Gautam Kumar
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):71-72

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):71-72
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_258_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • IJU Awards 2019

    • Pages: 73 - 74
      Abstract:
      Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):73-74

      Citation: Indian Journal of Urology 2020 36(1):73-74
      PubDate: Thu,2 Jan 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_352_19
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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