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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 356 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 356 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access  
Heart Views     Open Access  
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access  
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
  [SJR: 0.536]   [H-I: 34]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0301-4738
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [356 journals]
  • Every ending is a new beginning

    • Authors: Sundaram Natarajan
      Pages: 263 - 263
      Abstract: Sundaram Natarajan
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):263-263

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):263-263
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_357_17
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Imaging in tuberculosis-associated uveitis

    • Authors: Reema Bansal, Soumyava Basu, Amod Gupta, Narsing Rao, Alessandro Invernizzi, Michal Kramer
      Pages: 264 - 270
      Abstract: Reema Bansal, Soumyava Basu, Amod Gupta, Narsing Rao, Alessandro Invernizzi, Michal Kramer
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):264-270
      Intraocular tuberculosis (TB) can have several clinical presentations, affecting nearly every tissue of the eye. These clinical signs have specific imaging characteristics which help in associating them with tuberculous etiology. This review enumerates the conventional and emerging imaging techniques for intraocular TB and highlights their clinical application for diagnosis and management of specific clinical presentations.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):264-270
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_464_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The influence of corneal collagen cross-linking on anterior chamber in
           keratoconus

    • Authors: Nihat Polat, Abuzer Gunduz, Cemil Colak
      Pages: 271 - 275
      Abstract: Nihat Polat, Abuzer Gunduz, Cemil Colak
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):271-275
      Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the corneal changes following corneal cross-linking (CXL) on the anterior chamber in keratoconus patients. Materials and Methods: Forty-five eyes of 32 patients who had been diagnosed with progressive keratoconus and had undergone CXL were included in this retrospective study. The thinnest corneal thickness of the progressive keratoconus patients included in the study was >400 μ. The preoperative (T0), postoperative 6th month (T1), and postoperative 1st year (T2) anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber angle (ACA), and anterior chamber depth (ACD) scheimpflug imaging values were obtained for each eye. Results: The mean T0 ACV value was 182.79 ± 36.68 mmwhile the T1 value was 201.25 ± 41.73 mm3 and the T2 value was 208.40 ± 42.69 mm3 with a statistically significant difference between the periods (P = 0.001). The mean T0 ACA value was 38.64° ±5.85°, increasing to 41.45° ±4.83° in the T1 and 42.10° ± 4.84° in the T2. The T0 value was significantly lower than the post-CXL values (P = 0.003). The mean ACD value was 3.73 ± 0.29 mm at the T0 and 3.82 ± 0.38 mm at the T1 and 3.84 ± 0.36 mm at the T2. The pre-CXL values were significantly lower than the post-CXL values (P = 0.001). Conclusions: The improvement of corneal parameters by CXL in keratoconus patients can have a positive effect on anterior chamber parameters as well. This effect becomes marked at the postoperative first 6-month evaluation.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):271-275
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_948_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Coexistence of herpes simplex virus infection in microsporidial stromal
           keratitis associated with granulomatous inflammation

    • Authors: Ruchi Mittal, Praveen K Balne, Srikant Sahu, Sujata Das, Savitri Sharma
      Pages: 276 - 281
      Abstract: Ruchi Mittal, Praveen K Balne, Srikant Sahu, Sujata Das, Savitri Sharma
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):276-281
      Background: Microsporidial stromal keratitis poses several diagnostic challenges. Patients may present with corneal ulceration, marked stromal thinning, or even as a quite corneal scar. The presentation of microsporidial stromal keratitis commonly mimics viral keratitis. Microbiology scrapings are usually helpful; however, scraping and culture-negative cases pose a significant diagnostic dilemma. Histopathological examination is diagnostic but shows varying degree of inflammation, predominantly composed of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Granulomatous inflammation, in microsporidial stromal keratitis, is never well described, and the authors in this article aim to describe the presence of granulomatous inflammation in microsporidial stromal keratitis, in patients with associated herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis. Methods: This was a retrospective and observational study conducted at a tertiary eye care center. Results: Of 263 patients who underwent therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty for infectious keratitis, during 2011–2013, seven patients were diagnosed as microsporidial stromal keratitis. Microsporidial spores could be demonstrated on microbiological scrapings in 5/7 (71%) of cases, but identified on histopathological examination and also confirmed on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for microsporidium in 100% of cases. There was evidence of diffuse stromal necrosis with markedly severe degree of polymorphonuclear leukocytic infiltrates, with granulomatous inflammation in 42% of cases. Interestingly, these were positive for HSV-1 DNA on PCR. Review of medical records revealed much severe clinical presentations in patients with granulomatous inflammation, in comparison to cases without granulomatous inflammation. Conclusions: The authors hereby recommend that severe clinical presentation in patients with microsporidial stromal keratitis, markedly dense polymorphonuclear leukocytic infiltrates or the presence of granulomatous inflammation on the histopathological examination, should be investigated further for the presence of HSV-1 DNA for better patient management and good visual outcome.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):276-281
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_761_15
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Results of a new “mirror tuck technique” for fixation of
           lacrimal bypass tube in conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy

    • Authors: Ruchi Goel, Divya Kishore, Smriti Nagpal, Sushil Kumar, Neha Rathie
      Pages: 282 - 287
      Abstract: Ruchi Goel, Divya Kishore, Smriti Nagpal, Sushil Kumar, Neha Rathie
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):282-287
      Context: Conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy (CDCR) is the procedure of choice for proximal canalicular blocks. However, the complications of tube migration and extrusion limit its widespread practice. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and complications of the new “mirror tuck technique” for fixation of lacrimal bypass glass tube without holes in proximal canalicular blocks in laser CDCR. Materials and Methods: A prospective interventional study was conducted in forty consecutive eyes of adult patients, undergoing 980 nm diode laser CDCR for proximal canalicular blocks. After creating the tract under endoscopic guidance, the collar of the glass tube was fixed to the conjunctiva with 6-0 prolene suture by “mirror tuck technique.” Success was defined as the absence of extrusion of tube with patent tract and relief in epiphora at 1 year of follow-up. Results: Both anatomical and functional success was achieved in 39 (97.5%) cases. Tube displacement occurred in one patient suffering from allergic conjunctivitis in which the tube had to be removed. A temporary heaviness was reported by 5 (12.5%) patients till about 2 weeks. Conjunctival overgrowth over the tube occurred in 1 (2.5%) eye at 5 months which was excised and treated with application of 0.02% mitomycin C with no subsequent recurrence. There were no cases of suture abscess or suture intolerance warranting tube removal. Conclusion: “Mirror tuck technique” is an effective method for tube fixation (for tube without holes) in CDCR. However, it is important to position the conjunctival opening so as to leave sufficient space for passage of sutures for anchorage medially.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):282-287
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_741_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Repeatability and agreement of five imaging systems for measuring anterior
           segment parameters in healthy eyes

    • Authors: Mukesh Kumar, Rohit Shetty, Chaitra Jayadev, Harsha L Rao, Debarun Dutta
      Pages: 288 - 294
      Abstract: Mukesh Kumar, Rohit Shetty, Chaitra Jayadev, Harsha L Rao, Debarun Dutta
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):288-294
      Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the repeatability and agreement of five imaging devices, namely, the Pentacam (Oculus), Sirius (CSO), Orbscan IIz (Bausch and Lomb), Corvis (Oculus), and ultrasound pachymetry (UP, Tomey) in measuring steep keratometry (sKm), flat keratometry (fKm), central corneal thickness (CCT), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), and anterior chamber depth (ACD) in healthy individuals. Design: This was prospective, comparative study. Subjects: Forty-six healthy Indian patients. Materials and Methods: Forty-six eyes of 46 healthy participants underwent three consecutive scans on each device by a single examiner. Within-subject standard deviation, test–retest repeatability (TRT), and coefficient of variation (COV) for assessing repeatability and Bland–Altman plots for the agreement between the mean measurements of each machine were analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: The repeatability and agreement between the five devices for the measurements of sKm, fKm, CCT, TCT, and ACD. Results: The TRT of sKm measurements ranged between 0.23 diopter (D) (with Pentacam) and 0.83 D (with Orbscan). The same of fKm, TCT, ACD, and CCT measurements ranged between 0.28 D (with Pentacam) and 0.74 D (with Sirius), 7.78 μm (Sirius) and 19.81 μm (Orbscan), 0.05 mm (Orbscan) and 0.07 (Sirius), and 7.36 μm (Sirius) and 18.02 μm (Orbscan), respectively. The TRT of sKm and fKm measurements with Pentacam was significantly lower than those with Orbscan and Sirius. The TRT of TCT measurement with Sirius was significantly lower than that with Pentacam (4.53 μm) and Orbscan (7.15 μm). There were statistically significant differences in the mean measurements of all parameters between the devices. The 95% limit of agreement on the Bland–Altman analysis was wide for the measurement pairs with all the devices. Significant proportional bias in the agreement was detected for TCT measurements with all the device pairs and for the ACD measurements between Sirius and Pentacam. Conclusions: The repeatability estimates of sKm, fKm, TCT, ACD, and CCT measurements with Pentacam, Orbscan, Sirius, Corvis, and UP in Indian eyes were good. However, the differences in the measurements between the devices were statistically significant and the same cannot be used interchangeably for anterior segments measurements.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):288-294
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_729_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Inflammatory choroidal neovascularization in Indian eyes: Etiology,
           clinical features, and outcomes to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor
           

    • Authors: Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Aditya Bansal, Amitabh Kumar, Anindya Kishore Majumdar, Swakshyar Saumya Paul
      Pages: 295 - 300
      Abstract: Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Aditya Bansal, Amitabh Kumar, Anindya Kishore Majumdar, Swakshyar Saumya Paul
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):295-300
      Background and Objectives: The aim was to study the clinical profile of inflammatory choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and its treatment response to intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab on pro re nata (PRN) basis in Indian eyes. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective case series of consecutive patients with inflammatory CNV treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) in a tertiary eye care center in Eastern India between 2009 and 2014. The data about clinical features, investigations, treatment, and outcomes were obtained from the medical records. We included patients with active inflammatory CNV but with no evidence of inflammation and were treated with anti-VEGF alone, with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. Main outcome measures were a clinical and etiological profile of inflammatory CNV in Indian eyes and their response to treatment. Results: Thirty eyes of 28 patients were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 17.93 ± 14.28 months (range 6–53 months). In our cohort, seven (23.33%) eyes had inflammatory CNV secondary to idiopathic choroiditis, four (13.33%) eyes had toxoplasmosis, idiopathic panuveitis, and Vogt Koyanaki Harada's disease each. Three (10%) eyes had geographic helicoid peripapillary choroidopathy and tubercular choroiditis each. Remaining two (6.66%) eyes had punctate inner choroidopathy, while multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis, resolved endogenous endophthalmitis and Hansen's diseases were the etiology in one (3.33%) case of inflammatory CNV each. The mean number of injections were 2.76 (range 1–5). Among thirty eyes of inflammatory CNV, 16 (53.3%) eyes showed improvement, eight (26.6%) maintained the same vision, whereas six (20%) eyes showed deterioration of vision. Interpretations and Conclusion: Idiopathic choroiditis was the most common cause of inflammatory CNV and PRN intravitreal anti-VEGF (ranibizumab or bevacizumab) appears to have effective treatment response.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):295-300
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_262_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Tear film and ocular surface dysfunction in diabetes mellitus in an Indian
           population

    • Authors: Divya Kesarwani, Syed Wajahat Ali Rizvi, Adeeb Alam Khan, Abadan Khan Amitava, Shaista Manan Vasenwala, Ziya Siddiqui
      Pages: 301 - 304
      Abstract: Divya Kesarwani, Syed Wajahat Ali Rizvi, Adeeb Alam Khan, Abadan Khan Amitava, Shaista Manan Vasenwala, Ziya Siddiqui
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):301-304
      Purpose: Ophthalmic complications in diabetes such as retinopathy, cataract, and infections have been extensively studied. Recently, attention has been drawn toward ocular surface changes in diabetes mellitus (DM). This study has been carried out to investigate the tear film and ocular surface abnormalities in type II DM patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 83 participants (130 eyes) were enrolled: 53 diabetics (80 eyes) and 30 healthy controls (50 eyes). Of the 53 diabetics, 24 patients (42 eyes) had some diabetic retinopathy. The tear film and ocular surface were evaluated using Schirmer test, tear film break-up time (TBUT), keratoepitheliopathy score (KES), Rose Bengal Staining (RBS) test, and conjunctival impression cytology. Results: When compared with the healthy controls, diabetics showed significantly reduced Schirmer, TBUT measurements and the higher grades of KES and RBS test (P < 0.001). Impression cytology analysis showed goblet cell loss and conjunctival squamous metaplasia in diabetics. Conclusion: Tear film abnormality is a significant feature of diabetic ocular surface diseases. These abnormalities are likely on account of poor quality and function of tears, combined with the subnormal ocular surface. Therefore, all diabetic patients especially those with evidence of retinopathy changes should undergo routine early examination and follow-up of tear function and ocular surface parameters.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):301-304
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_939_15
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Effect of post crosslinking haze on the repeatability of Scheimpflug-based
           and slit-scanning imaging devices

    • Authors: Rohit Shetty, Aarti Agrawal, Rashmi Deshmukh, Luci Kaweri, Harsha L Rao, Harsha Nagaraja, Chaitra Jayadev
      Pages: 305 - 310
      Abstract: Rohit Shetty, Aarti Agrawal, Rashmi Deshmukh, Luci Kaweri, Harsha L Rao, Harsha Nagaraja, Chaitra Jayadev
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):305-310
      Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of postcollagen crosslinking (CXL) haze on the measurement and repeatability of pachymetry and mean keratometry (Km) of four corneal topographers. Materials and Methods: Sixty eyes of sixty patients with progressive keratoconus who had undergone accelerated CXL (ACXL) underwent imaging with a scanning slit imaging device (Orbscan II) and three Scheimpflug imaging devices (Pentacam HR, Sirius, and Galilei). Post-ACXL haze was measured using the densitometry software on the Pentacam HR. Readings of the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT) and Km from three scans of each device were analyzed. Effect of haze on the repeatability of TCT and Km measurements was evaluated using regression models. Repeatability was assessed by coefficient of variation. Results: Corneal densitometry in different zones affected the repeatability of TCT measurement of Orbscan (P < 0.05) significantly but not the repeatability of TCT with Pentacam HR and Sirius (P = 0.03 and 0.05, respectively). Km values were affected by haze when measured with the Pentacam HR (P < 0.05). The repeatability of Km readings for all devices was unaffected by haze. In the anterior 0–2 mm and 2–6 mm zone, TCT (P = 0.43 and 0.45, respectively), Km values (P = 0.4 and 0.6, respectively), repeatability of TCT (P = 0.1 in both zones), and Km (P = 0.5 and 0.1, respectively) with Galilei were found to be the most reliable. Conclusion: Galilei measurements appear to be least affected by post-ACXL haze when compared with other devices. Hence, topography measurements in the presence of haze need to be interpreted with caution.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):305-310
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_690_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Intra-arterial chemotherapy for retinoblastoma: Two-year results from
           tertiary eye-care center in India

    • Authors: Pukhraj Rishi, Tarun Sharma, Minal Sharma, Aditya Maitray, Abhinav Dhami, Vishvesh Aggarwal, Saravanan Munusamy, R Ravikumar, Satheesh Ramamurthy
      Pages: 311 - 315
      Abstract: Pukhraj Rishi, Tarun Sharma, Minal Sharma, Aditya Maitray, Abhinav Dhami, Vishvesh Aggarwal, Saravanan Munusamy, R Ravikumar, Satheesh Ramamurthy
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):311-315
      Aim: The aim of this study is to describe treatment outcomes and complications of selective intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for intraocular retinoblastoma (RB). Materials and Methods: A retrospective, interventional series of 10 eyes with RB which underwent IAC using melphalan (5 mg/7.5 mg) and topotecan (1 mg), or melphalan (5 mg/7.5 mg) alone. Treatment outcomes were evaluated in terms of tumor control, vitreous seeds (VS) and subretinal seeds (SRS) control, and globe salvage rates. Results: Ten eyes of 10 patients underwent 38 IAC sessions (mean = 3.8; median = 4; range = 3–5 sessions). Following IAC, complete regression of main tumor was seen in 9 eyes (90%) and partial regression in 1 (10%). All four eyes with SRS showed complete regression (100%). Of 5 eyes with VS, 3 eyes (60%) showed complete regression, 1 eye (20%) showed relapse, while 1 eye (20%) showed no response. Globe salvage was achieved in 8 of 10 eyes (80%). Complications included transient ophthalmic artery narrowing (n = 2), branched retinal vein occlusion (n = 1), forehead skin pigmentation (n = 1), and vitreous hemorrhage (n = 2). There was no case of stroke, hemiplegia, metastasis, or death. Transient hematological changes included relative pancytopenia (n = 4), relative leukopenia (n = 5), and relative thrombocytopenia (n = 4). Mean follow-up was 26 months (median = 28, range = 13–36) from the initiation of first IAC. Conclusions: IAC is an effective therapy for globe preservation in eyes with intraocular RB, in the setting of a developing country like India. Larger studies with longer follow-up are required to validate these results.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):311-315
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_843_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Sialadenitis following blepharoplasty: An unusual sequelae

    • Authors: Harsha S Reddy, Phillip A Tenzel, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
      Pages: 316 - 317
      Abstract: Harsha S Reddy, Phillip A Tenzel, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):316-317

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):316-317
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_79_17
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Combination of phototherapeutic keratectomy and wavefront-guided
           photorefractive keratectomy for the treatment of Thiel-Behnke corneal
           dystrophy

    • Authors: Chia-Chieh Hsiao, Yu-Chih Hou
      Pages: 318 - 320
      Abstract: Chia-Chieh Hsiao, Yu-Chih Hou
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):318-320
      Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) has been used to treat anterior corneal dystrophy but may cause hyperopic shift or corneal high-order aberration. We describe the successful treatment of a case of a 43-year-old female with Thiel–Behnke corneal dystrophy, using PTK followed by wavefront-guided photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). The patient had high corneal aberration and hyperopic shift after PTK in both eyes. The corneal surface regularity index and surface asymmetric index increased after PTK and decreased after wavefront-guided PRK. Vision improved from preoperative 20/400 and 20/60 to postoperative 20/20 and 20/25 in the right eye and the left eye, respectively. Additional wavefront-guided PRK may enhance the effects of PTK by reducing irregular corneal surfaces and by correcting PTK-induced hyperopic shift.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):318-320
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_683_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Role of mini-scleral lens in mucous membrane pemphigoid

    • Authors: Mukesh Kumar, Rohit Shetty, Chaitra Jayadev
      Pages: 320 - 322
      Abstract: Mukesh Kumar, Rohit Shetty, Chaitra Jayadev
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):320-322
      This study aims to report the use of mini-scleral contact lens in the management of mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) with persistent epithelial defects. A 68-year-old male with a history of ocular pain and declining visual acuity was referred to our clinic with a diagnosis of MMP. His corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/200 in the right eye and 20/100 in the left eye. Despite being on lubricants, topical steroids and intravenous cyclophosphamide, the patient developed persistent corneal epithelial defects in both eyes. He was then given a trial of mini-scleral lenses. Within 4 weeks, corneal epithelial defects healed, and at 6 months, the CDVA had improved to 20/50 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye. By improving the corneal surface integrity and visual function, mini-scleral lenses can play a role in the visual rehabilitation of patients with MMP.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):320-322
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_730_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Rescue vitrectomy with blocked artery massage and bloodletting for branch
           retinal artery occlusion

    • Authors: Chun-Ju Lin, Cheng-Wen Su, Huan-Sheng Chen, Wen-Lu Chen, Jane-Ming Lin, Yi-Yu Tsai
      Pages: 323 - 325
      Abstract: Chun-Ju Lin, Cheng-Wen Su, Huan-Sheng Chen, Wen-Lu Chen, Jane-Ming Lin, Yi-Yu Tsai
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):323-325
      A 61-year-old male suffered from sudden blurred vision and superior visual field defect oculus dexter. His vision was counting fingers at 20 cm. Fundoscopy demonstrated inferior pale retina and a large embolus located at the proximal inferior retinal artery. Branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) was diagnosed. Initial paracentesis, topical brimonidine tartrate, oral pentoxifylline, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy were performed but showed limited improvement. Hence, he received 25-gauge vitrectomy, artificial posterior vitreous detachment, blocked retinal artery massage, and bloodletting 5 days after onset. After the surgery, his vision improved to 20/25. Fundoscopy showed reperfused retina, and optical coherence tomography revealed resolved retinal edema. RAO is an ophthalmological emergency; however, no standard guideline is available. Vitrectomy with blocked retinal artery massage and bloodletting showed favorable results in this case of BRAO with a large embolus. More prospective clinical trials are needed for setting up the standard treatment.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):323-325
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_698_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Ocular surface burn secondary to smart phone battery blast

    • Authors: Purvasha Narang, Vikas Mittal, Ruchi Mittal, Anurag Mathur
      Pages: 326 - 326
      Abstract: Purvasha Narang, Vikas Mittal, Ruchi Mittal, Anurag Mathur
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):326-326

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):326-326
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_495_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Comment on: To assess survival outcomes of combined femtosecond
           laser-assisted cataract surgery with 25-gauge vitrectomy surgery at a
           tertiary eye care center

    • Authors: Neeraj Ashok Israni, Minal Kanhere, Vidhi Kathiriya, Suresh Ramchandani
      Pages: 327 - 327
      Abstract: Neeraj Ashok Israni, Minal Kanhere, Vidhi Kathiriya, Suresh Ramchandani
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):327-327

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):327-327
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_961_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Authors&#39; reply

    • Authors: Aditya Kelkar, Jai Kelkar, Sampada Chitale, Rachana Shah
      Pages: 328 - 328
      Abstract: Aditya Kelkar, Jai Kelkar, Sampada Chitale, Rachana Shah
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):328-328

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):328-328
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_46_17
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Fundus findings in a case of Joubert syndrome

    • Authors: Rohan Chawla, Ravi Bypareddy, Laxman Vekaria, Pradeep Venkatesh, Venkatesh Hosur Ananthashayana
      Pages: 329 - 330
      Abstract: Rohan Chawla, Ravi Bypareddy, Laxman Vekaria, Pradeep Venkatesh, Venkatesh Hosur Ananthashayana
      Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):329-330

      Citation: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2017 65(4):329-330
      PubDate: Wed,17 May 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_441_16
      Issue No: Vol. 65, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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