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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
  [SJR: 0.307]   [H-I: 16]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0972-5229
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Effect of continuous versus intermittent subglottic suctioning on tracheal
           mucosa by the mallinckrodt taperguard evac oral tracheal tube in intensive
           care unit ventilated patients: A prospective randomized study

    • Authors: Philippe Seguin, Harmonie Perrichet, Estelle Le Pabic, Yoann Launey, Marie Tiercin, Romain Corre, Graziella Brinchault, Bruno Laviolle
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Philippe Seguin, Harmonie Perrichet, Estelle Le Pabic, Yoann Launey, Marie Tiercin, Romain Corre, Graziella Brinchault, Bruno Laviolle
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):1-4
      Background and Aims: A risk of tracheal mucosa injury induced by subglottic suctioning has been raised. Therefore, this prospective randomized study aims to compare the effect of continuous suctioning of subglottic secretions versus intermittent suctioning of subglottic secretions (CSSS vs. ISSS) secretions on tracheal mucosa in front of the suctioning port of the endotracheal tube. Patients and Methods: Patients requiring intubation or reintubation in Intensive Care Unit with an expected ventilation duration > 24 h were eligible. Participants received CSSS at −20 mmHg or ISSS at −100 mmHg during 15 s and no suction during 8 s. The effect on tracheal mucosa in front of the suction port was assessed after intubation (T0) and before extubation (T1) using bronchoscopy. Tracheal mucosa damages were graded into five categories (no injury, erythema, edema, ulceration, or necrosis). The occurrence (no injury observed at T0 but present at T1) or the worsening (injury observed at T0 exacerbating at T1) was studied. Results: Seventy-three patients were included and 53 patients (CSSS, n = 26 and ISSS, n = 27) were evaluable on the primary endpoint. The occurrence or worsening of tracheal mucosal damages did not differ between the two groups (CSSS, n = 7 [27%] vs. ISSS, n = 5 [17%], P = 0.465). Daily average volume of suctioned secretion was higher with ISSS (74 ± 100 ml vs. 20 ± 25 ml, P < 0.001). Impossibility to aspirate was higher with CSSS (0.14 ± 0.16 per day vs. 0.03 ± 0.07 per day, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Our results suggest that tracheal mucosal damages did not differ between CSSS and ISSS. The aspirated volume was higher and impossibility to aspirate was lower with ISSS. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01555229.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):1-4
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_350_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Clinical profile, intensive care unit course, and outcome of patients
           admitted in intensive care unit with chikungunya

    • Authors: Anish Gupta, Deven Juneja, Omender Singh, Suneel Kumar Garg, Varun Arora, Desh Deepak
      Pages: 5 - 9
      Abstract: Anish Gupta, Deven Juneja, Omender Singh, Suneel Kumar Garg, Varun Arora, Desh Deepak
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):5-9
      Objective: Chikungunya is generally a mild disease, rarely requiring Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission. However, certain populations may develop organ dysfunction necessitating ICU admission. The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical profile and course of chikungunya patients admitted to the ICU, and to ascertain factors linked with poor outcome. Methods: All patients with chikungunya admitted to ICU were included in the study. Admission Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were calculated. Primary outcome measured was 28-day mortality and secondary outcomes measured were length of hospital and ICU stay and the need for vasopressor support, renal replacement therapy (RRT), and mechanical ventilation (MV). Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors predicting mortality. Results: The most common complaints were fever (96.67%) and altered sensorium (56.67%). Mean admission APACHE II and SOFA scores were 17.28 ± 7.9 and 7.15 ± 4.2, respectively. Fifty-one patients had underlying comorbidities. Vasopressors were required by 46.76%; RRT by 26.67%, and MV by 58.33%, respectively. The 28-day mortality was 36.67%. High APACHE II score (odds ratio: 1.535; 95% confidence interval: 1.053–2.237; P = 0.026) and need for dialysis (odds ratio: 833.221; 95% confidence interval: 1.853–374,664.825; P = 0.031) could independently predict mortality. Conclusions: Patients with chikungunya fever may require ICU admission for organ failure. They are generally elderly patients with underlying comorbidities. Despite aggressive resuscitation and organ support, these patients are at high risk of death. Admission APACHE II score and need for dialysis may predict patients at higher risk of death.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):5-9
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_336_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Audit of postoperative surgical intensive care unit admissions

    • Authors: Shaili K Patel, Samir M Kacheriwala, Dipesh D Duttaroy
      Pages: 10 - 15
      Abstract: Shaili K Patel, Samir M Kacheriwala, Dipesh D Duttaroy
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):10-15
      Objective: The objective of this study was to conduct an audit of Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) for identifying the admission risk factors and evaluating the outcomes of postoperative surgical patients. Design: This was a prospective, observational study. Setting: This study was conducted at SICU of a 1500-bedded tertiary care university hospital in Western India. Subject and Methods: Two hundred and forty patients admitted to the SICU postoperatively over a period of 15 months. Results: Planned and unplanned postoperative SICU admission rate was 4.45% and 0.09% of the 5284 patients operated. Indications for planned admissions included preoperative medical illnesses, anticipated blood loss, and anticipated mechanical ventilation while unpredicted intraoperative hypotension was the principal cause of unplanned admittance. Univariate analysis for two groups of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status indicated that advanced age, high American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) surgical risk, emergency surgery, planned admissions, and mortality were related to high ASA class. Analysis for ACC/AHA surgical risk showed association of high ACC/AHA surgical risk with advanced age, male gender, high ASA physical status, emergency surgery, planned admissions, and mortality. High mortality was observed in patients with SICU stay of >7 days (75.86%) and readmitted cases (72.73%). Conclusion: The need for postoperative critical care is significantly higher in males, elderly, patients with poor preoperative risk stratification scores, preexisting medical illness, major intraoperative hemorrhage, hypotension requiring inotropic support, perioperative respiratory problems and patients undergoing abdominal, trauma, and emergent surgeries. A larger study inclusive of other surgical subspecialties would aid in optimal decision-making for admissions to the SICU.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):10-15
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_387_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Pattern and outcome of obstetric admissions into the intensive care unit
           of a Southeast Nigerian Hospital

    • Authors: Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Uche Anthony Umeh, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe, Kingsley Chukwu Obioha
      Pages: 16 - 19
      Abstract: Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Vitus Okwuchukwu Obi, Uche Anthony Umeh, Joseph Tochukwu Enebe, Kingsley Chukwu Obioha
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):16-19
      Background and Aims: Although pregnancy and labor are considered physiological processes, the potential for catastrophic complications is constant and may develop rapidly. There is growing evidence that admission of high-risk patients into the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is associated with a reduction in maternal mortality. This study was aimed at reviewing all obstetric patients admitted into the ICU. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all obstetric patients who were admitted into the ICU between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013. Results: There were 89 obstetric patients admitted and managed at the ICU out of 5176 deliveries, thereby accounting for 1 admission in 58 deliveries. Majority of the patients were between 26 and 30 years, primiparous, and unbooked. The indications for ICU admission in this study were ruptured uterus (36.0%), eclampsia (22.5%), obstetric hemorrhage (19.1%), septicemia (10.1%), severe preeclampsia (6.7%), and obstructed labor (6.7%). The maternal and perinatal mortality was 13.5% and 47.2%, respectively. Maternal unbooked status was significantly associated with maternal mortality (P &*#60; 0.05). Conclusion: Ruptured uterus was the most common indication for ICU admission in the center. Maternal mortality was significantly associated with unbooked status. This underscores the importance of booking for antenatal care, prompt presentation at the hospital during emergencies, skilled birth attendance, and provision of adequate facilities for the management of critical obstetric cases in this environment.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):16-19
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_297_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Multicenter observational study to evaluate epidemiology and resistance
           patterns of common intensive care unit-infections

    • Authors: Ramesh Venkataraman, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Rajesh Chawla, Pravin Amin, Palepu Gopal, Dhruva Chaudhry, Kapil Zirpe, Babu Abraham
      Pages: 20 - 26
      Abstract: Ramesh Venkataraman, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Rajesh Chawla, Pravin Amin, Palepu Gopal, Dhruva Chaudhry, Kapil Zirpe, Babu Abraham
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):20-26
      Background: There is limited data regarding the microbiology of Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-acquired infections, such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) from India. Objectives: To explore the microbiology and resistance patterns of ICU-acquired infections and evaluate their outcomes. Materials and Methods: This was a multicenter observational study, conducted by Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (MOSER study) between August 2011 and October 2012. Patients in the ICU ≥48 h with any ICU-acquired infection within 14 days of index ICU stay were included. Patient demographics, relevant clinical, and microbiological details were collected. Follow-up until hospital discharge or death was done, and 6-month survival data were collected. Results: Of the 381 patients included in the study, 346 patients had 1 ICU infection and 35 had more than one ICU infection. Among patients with single infections, 223 had VAP with Acinetobacter being the most common isolate. CAUTI was seen in 42 patients with Klebsiella as the most common organism. CRBSI was seen in 81 patients and Klebsiella was the most common causative organism. Multidrug resistance was noted in 87.5% of Acinetobacter, 75.5% of Klebsiella, 61.9% of Escherichia coli, and 58.9% of Pseudomonas isolates, respectively. Staphylococcus constituted only 2.4% of isolates. Mortality rates were 26%, 11.9%, and 34.6% in VAP, CAUTI, and CRBSI, respectively. Conclusion: VAP is the most common infection followed by CRBSI and CAUTI. Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria are the most common organisms. Staphylococcus aureus is uncommon in the Indian setting.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):20-26
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_394_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Outcome of patients admitted to a tertiary referral intensive care unit
           with urosepsis needing source control

    • Authors: Chaitra C Rao, Pradeep Rangappa, Karthik Rao, Ipe Jacob
      Pages: 27 - 29
      Abstract: Chaitra C Rao, Pradeep Rangappa, Karthik Rao, Ipe Jacob
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):27-29
      Introduction: Urosepsis is one of the common causes of admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). It has traditionally been treated with antibiotics, but surgical management with Double J [DJ] ureteral stents is gaining popularity. This study compares patients with complicated urosepsis who underwent surgical source control by ureteral stenting with those managed medically. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled patients admitted to a tertiary adult ICU with a diagnosis of urosepsis over a period of 2 years. The primary outcomes were renal replacement therapy (RRT) requirement and ICU mortality. The secondary outcomes were ICU and hospital length of stay, ventilator-free days, and inotrope free days. Patients were divided those with obstructive and nonobstructive urinary tract infection (UTI). Results: A total of 58 patients met the criteria, of who 32 had obstructive UTI and were included in Group A, with the remaining 26 with nonobstructive UTI comprised Group B. In Group A, 27 patients underwent source control with ureteral DJ stenting, three patients recovered with medical management, and two who were advised source control did not consent to the procedure. Seventeen patients in Group A and seven patients in Group B required RRT (P = 0.044). There was no significant difference in ICU mortality, hospital mortality, and 28 days survival between the two groups. Conclusion: With early source control, obstructive UTI outcomes were comparable to nonobstructive UTI. However, despite undergoing ureteric stenting, more patients with obstructive UTI required RRT than those with nonobstructive UTI.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):27-29
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_322_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Acute renal failure adversely affects survival in pediatric dengue
           infection

    • Authors: Biswanath Basu, Birendranath Roy
      Pages: 30 - 33
      Abstract: Biswanath Basu, Birendranath Roy
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):30-33
      Aims: Dengue is currently one of the most important mosquito-borne viral infections. Acute renal failure (ARF) is a serious complication among children suffering from dengue infection. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cohort review of baseline characteristics, disease outcomes, and risk factors of dengue-infected patients, with and without renal failure (RF), were compared. Results: Among 97 children with dengue, 13.4% had RF (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2) at presentation. In comparison to all children (100%) of RF cohort, only 32% children of non-RF cohort (P &*#60; 0.0001) were suffering either from dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS). The 7-day survival rate was 61.5% (8/13) among RF group as compared to 96.4% (81/84) in non-RF group (P &*#60; 0.001). When a fraction of patients who needed vasopressor support were significantly higher in RF cohort (70% vs. 14% for RF and non-RF, respectively, P < 0.001), requirement of mechanical ventilation (15% vs. 11%, P = 0.67) was comparable in both cohorts. Conclusions: DHF/DSS is an independent risk factor for the development of ARF in patients with dengue infection. Mortality rate is high once RF develops in these children.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):30-33
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_94_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Role of correction factor in minimizing errors while calculating
           electrolyte values between Blood–gas analyzer and laboratory
           autoanalyzer: A comparative study

    • Authors: Abhinav Banerjee, Gesu Mehrotra
      Pages: 34 - 39
      Abstract: Abhinav Banerjee, Gesu Mehrotra
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):34-39
      Aims: Electrolytes are charged elements that play important functions in the body. They are measured by both arterial blood–gas (ABG) analyzers and autoanalyzers (AA). In this study, we tried to find out the correction factor for sodium and potassium to establish the concordance between ABG and AA values. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 100 samples of patients, and for validation of the result, we applied our result on 30 patients later. 1.5 ml of blood collected in the 2.0 ml syringe preflushed with heparin and analyzed using blood–gas analyzer (ABG). Another sample was sent, to central laboratory, where serum Na+ and K+ concentrations were analyzed. Means, standard deviations, and coefficients of variation with Karl Pearson's correlation coefficients were found out. Deming regression analysis was performed and Bland–Altman plots were also constructed. Results: The mean sodium and potassium were 130.27 ± 7.85 mmol/L and 3.542 ± 0.76 mmol/L using ABG and 139.28 ± 7.89 mmol/L and 4.196 ± 0.72 mmol/L using AA. Concordance between ABG and AA is done by adding the correction factor: for sodium, correction factor is 9.01, standard error = 1.113, class interval = 6.815–11.205; and for potassium (K+), correction factor is 0.654, standard error = 0.1047, class interval = 0.4475–0.8605. Conclusion: The instrument type and calibration methods differ in different hospitals, so it is important that each center conducts an in-hospital study to know the correction factor before installation of an ABG, and the factor should be used accordingly to minimize all errors.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):34-39
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_406_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • An interesting presentation of pheochromocytoma

    • Authors: Sunil Kumar Garg, Pragya Garg, Mehmet Urumdas
      Pages: 40 - 42
      Abstract: Sunil Kumar Garg, Pragya Garg, Mehmet Urumdas
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):40-42
      Pheochromocytoma is a rare cause of hypertension, but it could have severe consequences if not recognized and treated appropriately. Pheochromocytoma classically presents with paroxysms of hypertension and adrenergic symptoms including classic triad of episodic headache, sweating, and tachycardia. The clinical presentation of pheochromocytoma can mimic a number of other medical conditions including migraine, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and stroke, thus making the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma difficult, and treatment is directed toward presenting issue rather than underlying problem in such patients. We present a case of a 41-year-old male patient who presented with cerebellar infarct and found to have aortic thrombi and later developed acute myocardial infaction during same hospitalization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this kind.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):40-42
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_407_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Quad fever: Treatment through lowering of ambient temperature

    • Authors: Shyam Sundar Krishnan, Pulak Nigam, Omar Bachh, Madabushi Chakravarthy Vasudevan
      Pages: 43 - 45
      Abstract: Shyam Sundar Krishnan, Pulak Nigam, Omar Bachh, Madabushi Chakravarthy Vasudevan
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):43-45
      Hyperpyrexia is a rare and at times fatal condition seen in an Intensive Care Unit setup. We encountered a case of a 65-year-old patient with road traffic accident presenting with dorsal spine fracture at D10level. He underwent decompression and fusion for the same. He developed hyperpyrexia of sudden onset on the 10th day of admission with no source of infection and adequate broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage with adequate thrombo-embolic prevention in place. The patient showed no response to antipyretic agents and other cooling methods. The origin of hyperthermia was idiopathic, and we speculate that the cause was secondary to hyperthermic thermoregulatory dysfunction often quoted as “quad fever,” seen in spinal cord injury. We present a brief review of literature and the importance of early identification and treatment of this potentially fatal condition.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):43-45
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_295_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Cardiotoxic effects of raw opium

    • Authors: Piyush Garg, Asif Ali Hitawala, Manoj Agarwal
      Pages: 46 - 48
      Abstract: Piyush Garg, Asif Ali Hitawala, Manoj Agarwal
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):46-48
      While opioid drug toxicity and side effects of long-term opioid use during medical care are well studied, there is little information regarding effects of ingestion of raw opium. Characterization of the effects to a particular alkaloid is difficult since raw opium contains a number of alkaloids. Here, we present a case of poisoning due to ingestion of raw opium leading to severe myocardial suppression.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):46-48
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_427_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Successful use of ketamine for burst suppression in super refractory
           status epilepticus following substance abuse

    • Authors: Dnyaneshwar P Mutkule, S Manimala Rao, Jaydip Ray Chaudhuri, Kunche Rajasri
      Pages: 49 - 50
      Abstract: Dnyaneshwar P Mutkule, S Manimala Rao, Jaydip Ray Chaudhuri, Kunche Rajasri
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):49-50
      Status epilepticus is frequently encountered in neuro Intensive Care Units. It is a medical emergency and if not treated promptly can lead to severe brain damage and even death. Here, we present the case of a 18-year-old male with uncontrolled and unrelenting seizures with a rare etiology requiring ketamine infusion for burst suppression as it was resistant to thiopentone and midazolam infusions. The management of this case is presented in detail.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):49-50
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_370_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Phlegmasia cerulea dolens following heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

    • Authors: Deepesh G Aggarwal, Shilpa S Bhojraj, Ali Asgar Behrainwalla, Charu K Jani, Simin S Mehta
      Pages: 51 - 52
      Abstract: Deepesh G Aggarwal, Shilpa S Bhojraj, Ali Asgar Behrainwalla, Charu K Jani, Simin S Mehta
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):51-52
      The authors present a case of a 49-year-old woman who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting after suffering from an acute coronary syndrome and later developed phlegmasia cerulea dolens with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and HIT thrombosis (HITT).
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):51-52
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_183_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Heart rate variability in children following drowning injury

    • Authors: Madhuradhar Chegondi, Jun Sasaki, Sayed Naqvi, Wei-Chiang Lin, Andre Raszynski, Balagangadhar R Totapally
      Pages: 53 - 55
      Abstract: Madhuradhar Chegondi, Jun Sasaki, Sayed Naqvi, Wei-Chiang Lin, Andre Raszynski, Balagangadhar R Totapally
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):53-55
      Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as prognostic tool in various disorders in pediatric and adult patients. In our study we aimed to evaluate heart rate variability indices and their association with neurological outcome in three children with anoxic brain injury following drowning. Three children included in the study were admitted following drowning and required mechanical ventilation and targeted temperature management. All physiologic data, including electrocardiography (ECG) and EEG were collected for a period of 3–5 days after enrollment. ECG signals were analyzed in both time and frequency domains. The spectral power of the low-frequency (LF) band (0.04–0.15 Hz) and that of the high-frequency (HF) band (0.15–0.4 Hz), the standard deviation of the average R to R ECG intervals (SDANN) were calculated. Mean low-frequency/high-frequency power ratios (LF/HF) were compared using a two-tailed t-test and ANOVA with Tukey–Kramer multiple comparisons. The power in the LF band, the LF/HF power ratio, and the SDANN, were lower in children who had a poor outcome, and during periods of isoelectric or burst suppression EEG patterns.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):53-55
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_120_16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility of Candida species isolated
           from urinary tract infections: A study from an intensive care unit of a
           tertiary care hospital

    • Authors: Priya Datta, Mandeep Kaur, Satinder Gombar, Jagdish Chander
      Pages: 56 - 57
      Abstract: Priya Datta, Mandeep Kaur, Satinder Gombar, Jagdish Chander
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):56-57

      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):56-57
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_130_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Quiz

    • Authors: Yash Javeri
      Pages: 58 - 58
      Abstract: Yash Javeri
      Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):58-58

      Citation: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2018 22(1):58-58
      PubDate: Mon,15 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_487_17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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