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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 429 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 429 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Medica Intl.     Open Access   (SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advanced Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Skeletal Muscle Function Assessment     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 1)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria J. of Pediatrics     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery     Open Access  
Annals of Indian Psychiatry     Open Access  
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.238, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.524, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Tropical Pathology     Open Access  
Apollo Medicine     Open Access  
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access  
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.187, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.302, CiteScore: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access  
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 2)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.856, CiteScore: 2)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Reproduction     Open Access   (SJR: 0.227, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.491, CiteScore: 2)
Asian Pacific J. of Tropical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.561, CiteScore: 2)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian J. of Rural Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (SJR: 0.202, CiteScore: 0)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access  
Chinese Medical J.     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.52, CiteScore: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Cancer Investigation J.     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.811, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.353, CiteScore: 1)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.152, CiteScore: 0)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.416, CiteScore: 1)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.799, CiteScore: 2)
Egyptian J. of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.155, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.127, CiteScore: 0)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Nursing J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.822, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian J. of Pulmonology     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.749, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.12, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.113, CiteScore: 0)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.153, CiteScore: 0)
Glioma     Open Access  
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 1)
Hamdan Medical J.     Open Access  
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ibnosina J. of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access  
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Imam J. of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.478, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.361, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.37, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.604, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.468, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.445, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.791, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.568, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.503, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.102, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.347, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.199, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.276, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.412, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.311, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.408, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.368, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 0)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Transplantation     Open Access  
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.434, CiteScore: 1)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Spine J.     Open Access  
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Abdominal Wall and Hernia Surgery     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Clinicopathological Correlation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Community Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.192, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.142, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Growth Factors and Stem Cells in Dentistry     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.17, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Orofacial Biology     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orofacial Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.623, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access   (SJR: 0.105, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.4, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.37
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0970-0218
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [429 journals]
  • Ayushman bharat initiative (2018): What we stand to gain or lose!

    • Authors: Harsh Bakshi, Rashmi Sharma, Pradeep Kumar
      Pages: 63 - 66
      Abstract: Harsh Bakshi, Rashmi Sharma, Pradeep Kumar
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):63-66

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):63-66
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_96_18
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Sodium intake pattern in West Indian population

    • Authors: Siri Nair, Sulagna Bandyopadhyay
      Pages: 67 - 71
      Abstract: Siri Nair, Sulagna Bandyopadhyay
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):67-71
      Background: High sodium intake is a major public health concern. Sodium consumption pattern of West Indian population has never been reported before. Objectives: The cross-sectional study assessed sodium intake pattern by considering all possible dietary sources and spot urine sodium estimation among sedentary healthy adults of productive age group (35–55 years). Materials and Methods: Twenty-four-h dietary recall (3 alternative days in a week), food frequency assessment, weighing of table, and cooking salt (n = 218) were performed. Spot urine samples were collected for subset (n = 33) to quantify sodium excretion. Flame photometer “CL 361” was used for food sodium quantification. Results: Men had higher sodium intake than women (3.9 ± 0.4 vs. 3.8 ± 0.4 g/day). Significantly higher sodium intake among men was from processed ready to eat foods (0.8 ± 0.3 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1, P < 0.05) and among women was from cooking and table salt (2.6 ± 0.3 vs. 2.8 ± 0.3, P < 0.001). Lowest quartile (<25th percentile) intake of oral sodium consumption (2.4 ± 0.5 g/day) was higher than WHO safe recommendation level of <2 g/day. Late afternoon spot urine sodium content was used to predict 24-h sodium excretion (6.1 ± 0.5 g/day), in turn population level sodium intake estimation. Analyzed sodium content of most frequently consumed all ready to eat foods was found to be higher than the reported values. Conclusion: There is a strong need of evidence-based guidelines and policy formulation for national salt reduction program in India.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):67-71
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_116_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A community-based study on diabetes medication nonadherence and its risk
           factors in rural Tamil Nadu

    • Authors: Murugan Venkatesan, Amol R Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: Murugan Venkatesan, Amol R Dongre, Kalaiselvan Ganapathy
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):72-76
      Context: Medication nonadherence is common among diabetics and it is one of the leading public health challenges. Aims: The aims of this study were to find the prevalence of nonadherence to diabetic medication and to identify various factors associated with it. Settings and Design: This study was conducted in 34 villages of the field practicing areas of rural health training center. This was a mixed method study design. Subjects and Methods: It was conducted among 328 type 2 diabetic patients. The quantitative data were collected from diabetic patients and qualitative data from health-care providers to identify their perceived barriers for patient's nonadherence. Statistical Analysis Used: Collected data were entered in Epi Info (3.5.3) and analyzed using SPSS version 24 software. Results: The prevalence of low adherence to diabetic medication was 45.4% among the study population. Bivariate analysis shows significant association with the patients who are literate (odds ratio [OR] = 0.6, confidence interval [CI] = 0.38–0.95), hypertensive (OR = 1.6, CI = 1.04–2.5), taking treatment from private facility (OR = 0.54, CI = 0.34–0.87), perceived lack of satisfaction with doctor–patient relationship (OR = 3.3, CI = 1.3–8.3), and perceived lack of knowledge about diabetes (OR = 2.03, CI = 1.29–3.1) with low adherence to medication. Conclusions: The prevalence of nonadherence to medications is common among diabetics in rural areas, and there is a need to strengthen the primary health-care system in addressing barriers to achieve better health outcomes.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):72-76
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_261_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Capacity building through operational research training in tobacco
           control: Experiences and lesson learned

    • Authors: Sonu Goel, Ajay M V. Kumar, Arun Kumar Aggarwal, Rana J Singh, Pranay Lal, Ravinder Kumar, Madhu Gupta, Vishal Dogra, Deepti Gupta
      Pages: 77 - 81
      Abstract: Sonu Goel, Ajay M V. Kumar, Arun Kumar Aggarwal, Rana J Singh, Pranay Lal, Ravinder Kumar, Madhu Gupta, Vishal Dogra, Deepti Gupta
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):77-81
      Background: Several competing priorities with health and development sector currently deter research, and as a result of which evidence does not drive policy- or decision-making. There is limited operational research (OR) within the India's National Tobacco Control Programme, as it is in other middle- and low-income countries, primarily due to limited capacity and skills in undertaking OR and lack of dedicated funding. Few models of OR have been developed to meet the needs of different settings; however, they were found to be costly and time-consuming. Objective: To elucidate a cost-effective and less resource arduous training model for building capacity in OR focused on tobacco control. Materials and Methods: This 5½-day partly funded course enrolled 15 participants across the country and nine facilitators. The facilitator-participants interactions were initiated 2 weeks before the course, which enabled them to develop possible research questions and a plan for data analysis. Results: This article presents the new OR model along with experiences of the participants which will provide useful insights on lessons learned for planning similar courses in the future. While we faced several challenges in the process and the outputs were modest, several lessons were learned which will be instrumental in the future courses that we are planning to conduct. Conclusion: This low cost and less time intensive model can be applied in similar settings across range of public health issues.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):77-81
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_160_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A cross-sectional study on correlates of high blood pressure among
           school-going children in an Urban Area

    • Authors: Adnatesh V Katta, Prashant R Kokiwar
      Pages: 82 - 85
      Abstract: Adnatesh V Katta, Prashant R Kokiwar
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):82-85
      Context: School-going children are documenting the increasing incidence of high blood pressure (BP). Compared to adults, the prevalence of hypertension (HT) is low among children, but high BP among them can lead to HT in their adult life. Aim: The aim of was to study the risk factors and correlates of high BP among school-going children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out for 1½ years among 892 randomly selected school children of 6th–10th class. Measurements such as height, weight, and BP were recorded and classified as per the standard guidelines for given age and sex. Statistical Analysis: Correlation and linear regression analysis were done for continuous variables. For dichotomous variables, mean and standard deviation were calculated and t-test was used in this study. Results: Higher age group, being male, and obesity were found to be significantly associated with elevated systolic BP (SBP) and elevated diastolic BP (DBP). Family history of diabetes and HT was significantly associated with elevated DBP. On linear regression analysis, the studied factors explained 30% variation in SBP and only 12% variation in DBP. Weight and body mass index explained the maximum variation in both SBP and DBP. Conclusion: Overweight or obesity, being male, family history of HT, and increasing age were important risk factors of elevated BP.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):82-85
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_204_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Cross-sectional study on visual inspection with acetic acid and pap smear
           positivity rates according to sociodemographic factors among rural married
           women of bareilly (Uttar Pradesh)

    • Authors: Ruchi Arun, Jai Prakash Singh, Shyam Bihari Gupta
      Pages: 86 - 89
      Abstract: Ruchi Arun, Jai Prakash Singh, Shyam Bihari Gupta
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):86-89
      Background: It is possible to prevent deaths due to cervical cancer through screening and treatment. Cervical cytology which is a standard screening tool in developed countries fails as a screening method in low-resource countries due to financial and technical constraints. Objective: To determine the prevalence of pre-malignant lesions of the cervix by VIA and Pap smear test among rural married women and to find out association of socio demographic factors with positive screening test results. Method: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among rural married women in the field practice area of a tertiary health care center. A pre-designed questionnaire was administered to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics from 550 women. They were tested for the presence of pre-malignant lesions of the cervix using VIA and Pap smear as screening tools. Results: Out of 550 study participants, total 37 patients were found positive, out of which 7, 17 & 13 patients were found positive by Pap smear alone, VIA test alone, and by both these tests respectively. Moderate agreement (k=0.498) was found between these two tests by applying Kappa statistics at 95% confidence interval. The VIA and Pap smear tests were positive among 5.5% and 3.6% study subjects respectively. The positivity rate was found to be more in the age group of >50 years, Hindu, SC/ST caste, joint family, professional and, upper class. Conclusion: The prevalence of pre-malignant lesions of the cervix by VIA test was 5.5% while 3.6% pre-malignant lesion was detected by Pap smear method. VIA and Pap smear positivity rates among rural married women.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):86-89
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_73_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Improvements in essential newborn care and newborn resuscitation services
           following a capacity building and quality improvement program in three
           districts of Uttar Pradesh, India

    • Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Chetna Chaudhary, Sadhu Charan Mohapatra, Vinod Kumar Srivastava, Najam Khalique, Santosh Kumar Kaushal, Rajesh Khanna, Surojit Chatterji
      Pages: 90 - 96
      Abstract: Manoja Kumar Das, Chetna Chaudhary, Sadhu Charan Mohapatra, Vinod Kumar Srivastava, Najam Khalique, Santosh Kumar Kaushal, Rajesh Khanna, Surojit Chatterji
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):90-96
      Background: Neonatal death remains a global challenge contributing to 45% of underfive deaths. With rising institutional delivery, to accelerate decline in neonatal mortality rate (NMR) improvement in the quality of perinatal care requires attention. Objectives: This implementation research targeted improving service delivery readiness for quality of newborn care at public health facilities in three districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, with high NMR. Materials and Methods: This before-after study assessed the facility readiness and quality of newborn services at 42 health facilities. The changes in 26 signal functions for routine and emergency obstetric and newborn care were tracked. Results: There was marked improvement in newborn service availability: skilled birth attendants (51%), resuscitation (30%), and kangaroo mother care (27%) at these facilities. A multifold rise in newborn resuscitation efforts and documentation (n = 4431 vs. n = 144 in preintervention period) with high success rate (98.6%) was observed. There was also improvement in obstetric care services including partograph use (31%) and active management of third stage of labor (46%). However, several infrastructural indicators (electricity, water supply, toilets, and sanitation) remained unchanged. Conclusion: Overall improvements were observed in the majority of the signal functions for perinatal care and newborn resuscitation efforts. There was a limited impact on the infrastructural and supervision components.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):90-96
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_132_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Determinants of micronutrient fortified blended food (balbhog) consumption
           among children 6–35 months of age provided through the integrated
           child development services program in Gujarat, India

    • Authors: Anuraag Chaturvedi, N Nakkeeran, Minal Doshi, Ruchi Patel, Sadhana Bhagwat
      Pages: 97 - 101
      Abstract: Anuraag Chaturvedi, N Nakkeeran, Minal Doshi, Ruchi Patel, Sadhana Bhagwat
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):97-101
      Context: The state of Gujarat had introduced Extruded Fortified Blended Food, Balbhog, as take-home ration for children 6–35 months of age. The study aimed to understand awareness, availability, and consumption pattern of Balbhog and gain insights on factors influencing its regular use. Aims: This study aims to understand coverage and feeding practices of micronutrient fortified blended food (Balbhog) and determine factors for its regular use. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1623 households with children of 6–35 months of age registered in Anganwadi centers was conducted in the four districts of Gujarat. Household and dietary survey were conducted to understand child care and feeding practices at household level. Results: The results showed high awareness about Balbhog (88.6%) among caregivers, with majority reporting using it (81.7%) before. Regular Balbhog consumption (42.2%), however, declined considerably across all population characteristics. Monthly distribution of adequate Balbhog packets, taste of Balbhog preparations, meal frequency of children, and caregivers' participation in the monthly Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) event emerged as strong predictors of regular Balbhog consumption. No disparity in consumption was observed across socioeconomic characteristics of the population. Conclusion: Household feeding practices and ICDS program factors mediated regular use of Balbhog among children. Improving availability of entitled Balbhog packets, raising awareness about Balbhog preparations, and improving child feeding practices could help in increasing Balbhog consumption in the community.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):97-101
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_103_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Impact of wastewater-irrigated urban agriculture on diarrhea incidence in
           Ahmedabad, India

    • Authors: Timo Falkenberg, Deepak Saxena
      Pages: 102 - 106
      Abstract: Timo Falkenberg, Deepak Saxena
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):102-106
      Background: Urbanization and water scarcity are placing pressure on urban food security. Globally, wastewater irrigation is a common feature of urban agriculture; however, high pathogen densities of wastewater pose disease risk for farming households. Objectives: (a) Compare Escherichia coli concentrations of groundwater, surface, and wastewater. (b) Estimate the household diarrheal disease risk between the irrigation sources. Materials and Methods: This 12-month case-cohort study was undertaken in 187 households from four communities, selected purposively based on the irrigation water type, in urban Ahmedabad. The study included two communities utilizing surface water and one each using groundwater and wastewater. Households were visited bimonthly during each visit self-report health information was collected by health diary method. Water samples were analyzed for E. coli using the most probable number method. Results: Average E. coli concentrations, per 100 mL, in all the three water sources, were exceeding the international irrigation water standard and measured 3.04 × 104, 9.28 × 105, and 4.02 × 109 for groundwater, surface, and wastewater, respectively. The incidence of diarrhea in the groundwater area was 7.92 episodes/1,000 person-weeks, while the wastewater and surface water group had incidences of 13.1 and 13.4 episodes/1,000 person-weeks. A positive correlation between irrigation water quality and incidence of diarrhea was documented. The average treatment effect of wastewater quality obtained was 2.73. Conclusion: Large proportions of Ahmedabad's farming population rely on water unsuitable for irrigation, inducing significant adverse health effects for farming households. This warrants an urgent need of introducing the concept of urban agriculture to the local civic authorities.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):102-106
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_192_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Use of computer-assisted personal interviewing and information management
           system in a survey among hiv high-risk groups in India: Strengths,
           weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis

    • Authors: Radhika Brahme, Sheela Godbole, Raman Gangakhedkar, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Vinita Verma, Arun Risbud
      Pages: 107 - 112
      Abstract: Radhika Brahme, Sheela Godbole, Raman Gangakhedkar, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Vinita Verma, Arun Risbud
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):107-112
      Objectives: In India, integrated biological and behavioral surveillance was carried out in 2014–2015 among high-risk key population as a part of second-generation HIV surveillance system. Computer-assisted personal interviewing and integrated information management system were used for the first time in this large national field based survey. We evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of technology use in this survey. Methods: Mixed methods comprising of the key informant's interviews and structured data collected from field interviewers were used to do the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis with defined attributes. Results: Despite the challenges, the technology use in this survey was a huge success with respect to data coverage, response rates, real-time data, and acceptance by respondents. However, such techniques require more focus on the competency of human resource, training, and concurrent evaluation systems to get better data quality, time adherence, and effective use of technology. Conclusion: The recommendations resulted from this analysis will help for strategic management while designing such systems in field-based community surveys.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):107-112
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_273_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Prevalence study of cognitive impairment and its associated
           sociodemographic variables using mini-mental status examination among
           elderly population residing in field practice areas of a medical college

    • Authors: Rakesh M Patel, Uday Shankar Singh
      Pages: 113 - 116
      Abstract: Rakesh M Patel, Uday Shankar Singh
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):113-116
      Context: The world is aging rapidly through “demographic transition.” The aging leads to CI Refers as Cognitive Impairment (CI) – a risk factor for dementia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among the elderly aged ≥50 years. Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction among the elderly and to identify the associated sociodemographic variables. Settings and Design: This was a community-based cross-sectional study in rural and urban field areas of a medical college. Subjects and Methods: Participants aged ≥50 years were interviewed using a structured questionnaire and screened for cognitive dysfunction using Gujarati version of Mini-Mental Status Examination. A score of 23 out of 30 was taken as the cutoff. Written informed consent was obtained from participants. Statistical Analysis Used: Univariate and multivariate analyses were done using SPSS version 17 and Epi Info version 6 to identify significant variables. Results: Of 560 participants, 140 (25%) had CI. Rural (27.6%) and female (29.8%) prevalence was higher than urban (18.5%) and male (19.1%) prevalence. On multivariate analysis, age ≥60 years (odds ratio [OR]: 2.98) and illiteracy (OR: 39.8) had significant positive association with outcome; being employed (OR: 0.18), living with spouse (OR: 0.07), and living with spouse and children (OR: 0.08) had significant negative association with outcome. Conclusions: CI – a precursor of dementia – has serious clinical and public health consequences. Awareness generation and capacity building of primary health-care workers and family caregivers are core control strategies.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):113-116
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_102_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Sputum smear and culture conversion in multidrug resistance tuberculosis
           patients in seven districts of central Gujarat, India: A longitudinal
           study

    • Authors: Sangita V Patel, Kapil B Nimavat, Alpesh B Patel, Kedar G Mehta, Kalpita Shringarpure, Lipy K Shukla
      Pages: 117 - 119
      Abstract: Sangita V Patel, Kapil B Nimavat, Alpesh B Patel, Kedar G Mehta, Kalpita Shringarpure, Lipy K Shukla
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):117-119
      Objectives: To know the sputum smear and culture conversion among multidrug resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients. Materials and Methods: The longitudinal cohort study was conducted for 142 MDR-TB patients registered in 2010 under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme of Vadodara region. Three follow-ups were taken for sputum and culture examination, at completion of 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment. Individuals were interviewed to know the reasons for missed dose and default. Results: The sputum smear and culture conversion rate was 43.4%, 47.7%, and 57% at 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months of follow-up, respectively. Treatment default rate was highest (15.2%) within initial 6 months of therapy. The mean time to sputum smear and culture conversion was 120.27 days and 125.02 days, respectively. Conclusions: Most of patients who were culture positive at 6 months remained so even after 12 months. There was not much difference in the time taken for culture and sputum conversion.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):117-119
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_152_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • IAPSM declaration 2018: Definition, role, scope of community medicine and
           functions of community medicine specialists

    • Authors: Abraham Joseph, AM Kadri, Anand Krishnan, Bishan Swarup Garg, FU Ahmed, Pradeep Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, Ratan K Srivastava, VK Srivastava
      Pages: 120 - 121
      Abstract: Abraham Joseph, AM Kadri, Anand Krishnan, Bishan Swarup Garg, FU Ahmed, Pradeep Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, Ratan K Srivastava, VK Srivastava
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):120-121

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):120-121
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_115_18
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A Hospital-based cross-sectional study on clinico-demographic
           characteristic of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases coming to a tertiary
           hospital of Bihar

    • Authors: Deependra Kumar Rai, Sanjay Pandey
      Pages: 122 - 123
      Abstract: Deependra Kumar Rai, Sanjay Pandey
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):122-123

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):122-123
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_308_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Effects of sociodemographic factors and work-related stress on work
           ability index among stone quarry workers in a rural area: A
           cross-sectional study

    • Authors: MN Soumyashree, RG Viveki, Manjunath Kamble, VS Arpitha, Sunanda Halki
      Pages: 124 - 125
      Abstract: MN Soumyashree, RG Viveki, Manjunath Kamble, VS Arpitha, Sunanda Halki
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):124-125

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):124-125
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_179_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Will health informatics gain its rightful place for ushering in digital
           India?

    • Authors: Suptendra Nath Sarbadhikari
      Pages: 126 - 127
      Abstract: Suptendra Nath Sarbadhikari
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):126-127

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):126-127
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_251_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Assessing cataract patient understanding of proper eyedrop instillation in
           Chennai, India

    • Authors: Zachary Mostel, Natan R Kahan
      Pages: 128 - 129
      Abstract: Zachary Mostel, Natan R Kahan
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):128-129

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):128-129
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_188_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Motivating factors among blood donors in pune, India

    • Authors: Iqbal Ahmad Farooqui, Prasad Dnyandeo Pore
      Pages: 130 - 131
      Abstract: Iqbal Ahmad Farooqui, Prasad Dnyandeo Pore
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):130-131

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):130-131
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_265_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Screening maternal acute malnutrition using adult mid-upper arm
           circumference in resource-poor settings

    • Authors: Praveen Kumar, Neha Sareen, Sutapa Agrawal, Nishtha Kathuria, Shikha Yadav, Vani Sethi
      Pages: 132 - 134
      Abstract: Praveen Kumar, Neha Sareen, Sutapa Agrawal, Nishtha Kathuria, Shikha Yadav, Vani Sethi
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):132-134

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):132-134
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_248_17
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Hypothesis generation and testing as an integral component of an outbreak
           investigation

    • Authors: Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Smita Sinha, Vikas Yadav, Surekha Kishore
      Pages: 135 - 135
      Abstract: Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Smita Sinha, Vikas Yadav, Surekha Kishore
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):135-135

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):135-135
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_11_18
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Response from the authors (Surti et al)[1]

    • Pages: 136 - 136
      Abstract:
      Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):136-136

      Citation: Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2018 43(2):136-136
      PubDate: Fri,18 May 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.232753
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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